Newspaper Page Text
H The Standard Magazine Section Ogden, Utah, November 8, 1913.
I j "TWs Nation Mustky i "American! must learn to play to make their Ilvci really worth liv ing," declare? Percy ICacKs s, dramatist, author, poet and pageant director, of Cornilh N. H. "The araRe American has been no 1'iif.v . hasing the dollar thai h never has learned the art of proper recreation. The consequence Is !' that when he has leisure time, time i to spare from money getting, he Is at an absolute loss to know what to do. And he seizes upon the crudest, most uncouth forms of rec reation, which tie doesn't really en joy, but which he grasps as tho beat obtainable. ".Vow, If he had learned how to play when a boy, or had . studied and practiced the art In raVnhOO I he would be enabled to get real j recreation, real, exquisite pleasjun J It would make his business life, hil I home life, vastly better. "The hope of the play education of the coming generation lies in thru j chic theater, organized play and I the pageant. And the greatest of j these, is the paceant. I Why? Because It awakens civic; I pride, in both tho, child and the I adult. It gies the child Impres- I slons which last through his life ' j and it starts the adult thinking I along llnea absolutely new to him 1 "Let me explain. The average American look upon his city si a piece of land full of houses, where he does business, and les. Bi i vond that it means nothing to meet 1 of us. He does not realize that it means the embodiment of the work, !j the ambitions nnd the hopes of I thousands of men and women. "But when we see the pageant I unrolling the history of tho city In I a mugnificent spectacle, dramatizing I the crisis of the city's life bi fore I our very eye?. , e realize thai we I are but a very small (a !tpr in the 'j upbuilding of such a monument to j progress. I Real Meaning of j History Is Shown. Vi "Wa see that everyone has played , 'j part, and that the growth r a ; I I r'ty l one of the most marvelous I I things Imaginable We gain a eon- .4 ceptlon of the real meaning of his- ': A tory, nnd scenes familiar from Ml childhood take on a new meaning. I I i "Then we become proud to live In I a city where nch things as arc por- trayed in the pageant have hap I pened. We make up o;lr minds to do ur part, small though it mij - nd leave the pageant field re- -:' ..Jl solved to become better citizens, ,V;1 'The same thoughts, though vast- -, N 'y more Impressive, cprae to the ' m child, and he has the time to let "'S them sink In before they are driven I . ut by the cores of life. When be reaches manhood they are a second '.j nature. For Instance, take the N-w K .--I Kngland schools, with which I am 'JU'fl very familiar. i I M "In the cIhascs there eery morn- inK hv children rise and salute the American flap: They are taught to 'Vi3 Uke n tnclr h),ts iYi colors ''jcM VU in a Parade. to stand when lhe "SUr Bpsngled Banner" Is v.-B played, to reverence "he veterans ".-.jB. And, as a consequence, when th s !."JOH are older these things mean some- 'tm thing to tlmrn, and they are filled I ' th aiv1cnt patriotism so ne j- I ' jsgj sary to the welfare of nation. The I I pageant does the same thing for the 'TSjgj "Now a pageant should be a play &'yg ln lt8C- not a mere portrayal of hls- ryl t,Jr-'' a ,ort ot 0ttyburg pano- M rsma. It should have a plot, n II- i ''Jgf max, and the spectator should be H keyed up to a high pit h of antlcl- V;fw patlon all tjie time. B "I'll give a good example of what niwM pageant will do. Sonic vears a;,. sS ' produced mv pageant "The 1 H terbury Pilgrims" at Gloucester. 2B sCaeaachuaetta H "N'ow to the person who knows H Gloucester the place would appear pj&sjj to be most unpromising It Is nee- H tied among the cruel, rugged ( lifts jjWrV of New England, on Cape Ann and fl If not the largest. It the most famous fishing port In the United SPH Gloucester People Made SB' Grim bv the Sea. H "The people there have the crlm H epirlt of the place. The men wrest H a herd-earned living from the see H the peril of their lives. and are H hardly ever nt home. The women. H too. arc grim, almost believing In 9S predestination, so ised ire the) to 1 the spectacle of the fishing fleet coming back from the Grand Banks H with the flag at half mast, bringing H the tidings of n ship lost at sea. run H -.on. perhaps, by nome liner In a 1 fof. or f a husband father, broth- 1 er. or locr swept overboard and N drowned. The constant sleht of the rows on rows of headstones marking unfilled graves ln the cem etery keeps them sad I went there to talk pageantry. 'The Canterbury Pilgrims' was not a story of Gloucester, at that. When I entered the I "ity Hall it was filled with those jrnm. weather-beaten fishermen, and my heart sank I thought I never could appeal to them. "To my Intense surprise, however, they became enthusiastic, and once they took hold the. Idea rapidly crystallized. Whn It was time for the pageant to be produced, In the spring, most of the men made ar rangements to be at home for the occasion A liberal appropriation was made to advertise the event far and wide and the result was that a 100.000 people who never had thought of going to Gloucester thronged Its narrow streets and the event was s marvelously successful that the date has been set apart as an annual holiday. "The people should play and play en masse. Look at Italy. where w hole communities attend the opera. Those people have a love -f the beautiful, a love of music that la inherent In them, and the know how to use their spare time." MacKaye knows whereof h speaka. He Is a born poet, a lorn lover of the beautiful. It Is Inher ent in him. His father, Steele Mac Kaye, began his professional life as an artist in France, and after the destruction of his Paris otudlo in the Franco-Prussian war and the lose of all his belongings came to New York and drifted Into the diama. where he madr a phenom nal success. Mi.rKao's Father Was Highly Successful. He was that rare man. an actor manager and a good one. He opened the Lyric and the Madison Square theater..; In New York and wrote several remarkable success ful plays some of which even to day are great favorites with stock company uudieneeu. MaoKayc's mother was descend ed from early Puritan stock, her ancestors settling In Massachusetts Just twelve ears after the Pilgrim Fathers first sighted I'r. - - i u ; own In 1fi?0 His maternal grandmoth er wa the president of one of the Urst colleges for women In New England the home of American col leges. So it will he seen that MacKaye came by his literary talents from both sides .f the family. Indeed, his mother's (harming dramatiza tion of one of Jane Austens books recently attracted universal favor able comments In dramatic circles. As a boy he was raised ln the stag wlnsrs and his first essy at song writing was made In be fore he entered college, when he wiote the lyrlca for his father s magnificent production commem orating the Columbian Exposition In Chicago.- Pecuniary losses eaused by the panic of 1893. however, caused the abandonment of the pa ir ant. and M BC Kaye's aspirations wert condemned to wait for a laler opportunity. In the fall ,.r ison he entered Harvard and waj graduated as a Hacheor of Arts In the class of lSOT. While in the university, though Harvard did not at that time offer the magnificent dramat ic course which now Is an Impor tant pjrt of the curriculum, he made a special study of ths thea ter and one of his plavs was acted bv -, , ombln-d cast of Harvard and tyeUeeley students. It was "Saph Pho." a Greek tragedy, and an ex trenruh difficult undertaking for nn? t ItacKayea' limited experi ence, but even today he believes It ono of the most socceesful pro lu tloi-s he ever ha staged. W poS Sweetheart of His ( ollee Das. Within a vear after his gradua tion he married a voung woman of Cambridge, Mass .. horn he had courted during his college days, aud tho two c:k to Luryc to- gethcr. where MacKaye made a fur ther study of drajnatic art While ln Itah he wrote several plays, and then he went to the University of Lelpslg. where he took a course in Anglo-Saxon and made a particular study of Beowulf, the earliest epic In the Knullsn tonsue. The resuli of this study was Fenrls, the Wolf, which he has since produced with gratifying results on the American stage. On his return to the United Stales MacKaye taught for four J ears In a private school for boyfl in New York, and then the attention of B II Sothern was called to his dru- matte ability. As a result of Soi hern's urging Ma. K.ie w rote the "Canterbury Pilgrims ' and started on his real dramatic , areer Soon afterwards MacKaye gave up his summer residence at Shirley. Mass., where his family had )led for generations, aid Joined the col ony at Cornish, K. H. which was founded by Augustus St. Gaudens He immediately sprang Into favor with the artists there and was ap pointed to write the prologue to the outdoor paucant which commemo rated the twenty-fifth anniversary of the beginning of the literary col ony In this he was remarkably Successful. inly Inst summer MacKaye wrote "Sanctuary." a plea for the birds, an out of door masque which at tracted nation-wide attention from the fact that Eleanor Wilson, the president's daughter, participated With her were a score of society girls who summer In the vicinity. Mi-s Wilson's dancimr was so at tractive and her success so pro nounced that she recently refused an offer of $10,000 to write a play In which two New York actresses Wished to star Incidentally. MacKaye s play was responsible for the prohibition of Importing aigrettes Into the United States. He made a strong appeal for the preservation of the white heron, which supplies the plumes for the aigrettes, and which Is In danger of becoming extinct. As the President's daughter was taking part In the event, of course 1ho President had to se. It, and Mr. Wilson managed to get away from Washington for the one day neces sary to be present at Cornish, where he had sent his family for tho summer. He and the politicians With him were so impressed by Mac Kayo's presentation of the while heron's case that when they re turned the anti-aigrette statute was Inserted In the tariff bill Loves Life in the Fields and Woods. MacKaye is a nature lover. He asks nothing belter than to get out In the open fields and woods, away from people and walk for hours, studying the w,,j nre. He has chosen his home at Cornish with an eye to beauty. Cornish Is hid den away among the foothills of tho Green and White Mountains, on the border between Vermont and New Hampshire. Around It are the New England pines, and looking from the windows one eees the silvery ribbon of the Connectl I ut River winding through the val ley. It is the magnificent New England scenery at Its best. Me dislikes strongly to be com pelled to leave his home to go to Boston or New York, and is highly elated when he returns. In the summer he may be found on the links, the tennis courts or canoeing on the Connecticut: ln the winter, skatlm; or sledding. Sometimes skiing parties are arranged, In which MacKaye Is a leader. "I believe that sort of a life, the Closeness to nature, the study of natural existence, helps one to a Propf-r appreciation of the beauti ful." he declared one day. "I know mvself that it makes me better fit tor grmpnIUlg with the questions of human Irie. "If a man once gains a thorough appreciation of what Is good In life it will remain with him always. It will help him in hi work and In his Play, It will blip big thlnss into I his life. Events never become sor did to him. Instinctively he looks for what Is good, and always finds It. There is some good In every thing. "It is my ambition to be of help in arousing all the cities of the United States to the necessity of cvic play, i want to see every cit izen of every municipality take a vast pride in his city, In his State ami in the national government. I want him to realize what the past history of the country means and how ho can help in building up the future history so that it will be great. "How a pageant win do this t hae explained before. All that remains is to produce the pageant, and I am willing to do my utmost to bring a success to any city that undertakes this form of recreation. I will do the same for any clly which wants to establish organized play or a civic theater." Mr MacKaye has already been of Immense assistance to some mu nicipalities In this very line of work. He has only recently re turned from California, where be took an active part in staging sev eral pageants, and in Margaret Inglln'fl open air production of "Antigone." the Greek tragod In hc redwood district. The famous accress made such a success ln this trial that soon afterward she scored heavily In 'Elektra," one of the most difficult of all the Greek plavs, and then entered the Shake spearean tragedy, in which she is the Idol d the theater goers along Broadway this season. Help Hanard ien in Their Ihamatif Work. Many of MacKaye's plays have been produced t the Harvard Dra matic Club, a particularly effective organisation, before they lime been given to the pubib MacKaye takes a great Interest in tho dramatic work of his alma mater and Is al ways among the first to offer heip when the Harvard students are ar ranging an unusually difficult pro duction. H Is a member of the Players' Club and the Harvard Club of New Y.irh and can always be found at one of the two house when In the clt. He is more than welcome there and the members hall him with Joy for they know that they will hear a totally new fund of stories and Ideas, with which he constantly is primed. Although MacKaye is in a sense cosmopolitan he retains the In grained characteristics of a New Englander. He Is quiet and re- wg Hf "tHGr Percj MacKaye in three poses. served, but of the keenest Intel i I - to waste g word, and Is thorough In gence and appreciation When ho Whatever he undertakes talks he is earnest, never seeming Ho is slightly nervous, the result $100,000,000 VANDERBILT BABY BEING REARED Alfred Gwynne Vanderbllt, Ir.. 10 months old, heir to f 100.000.000, Amen, an by parentage but English by birth, is enjoying his hrst ta-ste of the simple life as It is lived In theoe United States, at Oakland farm, six miles from Newport, R. I., the summer homo of A. G. Van derbllt. Sr. In the huge estate, famous lhe world over for Its blooded stock, tho young heir to the Cornelius Van derbllt millions Is spending the long, placid days filled with eating, sleeping and mild exercise. He has been there since his arrival from England last week. With a few exceptions his routine, hie clothes and his surroundings In Kcneral are little different from those of any 10-month-old child With parent? in comfortable circum stances. His daily life Is much in contrast to little Vim ent -M Lean s. a near neighbor, also heir to a good many millions. Thee are no armed guards, no elaborate sets of burglar alarms, no private detectives about the Vanderbllt place as there are on the McLean estate f course, he Vanderbllt , hild Is not left playing carelesely aoout for anyone to pick up and carry off at will, but one nursemaid usually Is his sole at tendant. This maid, though, is a zealous guardian. Woe be unto any of tho other servants who attempt to pet her charge. She is an English P oman. named Reld. and she doesn't believe in the promiscuous handling of Infants. tt a second man or footman has the temerity en to poke a ringer into the chub by side of the Vanderbllt hope he earns a sharp reprimand In a de- Idedly English sc ent. She la kept constantly on the watch to prevent ctreuos from the "her servants, for the boy is a favorite with everybody from the butler down to the chauffeurs. Any admiration for the child by out siders she wnb8 expressed l rc- spertf ul dls! a n If sh had been with A G. Ju nior the other afternoon a reporter never would have seen the baby, However, she had gone In the house for a moment on an errand and had left the child lying In a hammock on the back veranda, which Is fit ted up as an outdoor nursery. There he lay, the heir to $100. 000.000, all crumpled up, one hand under his cheek, and a leg doubled beneath him. There was nothing to distinguish him from any other child of his ase. His clothes were not expensive, apparently. A rattle with a gold handle lying In the hammock was the only sign of wealth. The most noticeable thing about him is his hair, which Is a deep black and slightly curly regular Vanderbllt hair. Just like his fath er's One of the luxuries enjoyed bf Alfred GwynnS, Jr , that Is denied to tne maJorHy of hlidren Is the privilege of being fed with milk from the greatest Jersey cow- ln the world, a cow that Is worth several thousands of dollars. Broughton Dorcas is her name, and ah bus taken blue ribbons and medals without number at the vari ous fairs and stock shone around the Eastern circuit. The milk Is of the creamiest Just the sort to fur nish a bright, young millionaire's dally meals. The cow Is milked by a marhine. operated by a graduate of an agri cultural school. Clothed m wnl'.e duck. Young Vanderbllt appeared to take little Interest ln the milking of Dorcaa. His time was occupied for the few moments he was In the stable in watching the nervous fllekln back and forth of Dorcas tall, as she endeavored to flip off the few flies that had been inadver tently allowed to sneak Into the stable. Once he was permitted by his nurse to pet the cow He accom panied the pelting by various Indls-tin.-uisrubit remarks which re not capable of reproduction on paper. His maid is assisted by a trained nurse, who looks after the baby's diet and other matters pertaining to health. She directs his clothing, his baths anil bib exercise. There are three parts of the lOW eaved farmhouse that are sacred to tho heir apparent. They are the day nursery and the outdoor nurs ery on the first floor and the night nursery on the second floor. The outdoor nursery Is simply a converted veranda. It has been fit ted up with cool, green, wicker fur niture of child's slzo and two big sleeping hammocks, arranged so that when the sun shines warm on one the other can be used. Tho veranda is completely inclosed by Venetian blinds, and on three sidca there is a high ledge. The day nursery Is a large bewln dowed room facing the couth. Like the outdoor nursery. It has wicker furniture. Ono corner Is all of glass, a regular sun parlor. Around the waii abovo tho wainscottlng ts a frieze representing a circus parade: elephants, clowns. giraffes, mon keys, lions and all the rest of the menagerie parade around In still life for the benefit of the baby heir. Child veTse subjects take the place of the circus parade In tho night nursery frieze. Right at the foot of his whlto enamel bed are "Wynkcn. Blyhkem and Nod." who went to sea In a "boat; there is the old woman who resided In an aban doned shoe; the cow that hurdled the moon and Mr. and Mrs. J. .spratL Thert? is little furniture In the night nursery, for Baby Alfred 1 being reared according to the most scientific methods, and a lot of chairs and other unnecessarles are dust gatherers. Off the night nursery Is the bath room, with three tubs; one large enough for the boy to have a regu lar. honest-to-Roodness swim, an other a sllz bath and another a lutibath. Everything p luc bi.a- of ..instant application to till ' i.llcs. and when conversing Is con tlnually fumbling t something, un . onsclously, though always kMnly obsen int of what Is being said to him and weighing each word h peaks when he answers a quetlon or expresses an opinion. He Is so much In earnest about lus pageants, his organized ply, i hat he haa written a book In their behalf which he calls The CMc Theater." In It he explains hli hopes and ambitions, and outllnti what he thinks the civic theater should be and how the city admin Istration should take up the pln. ' 'n.- of his children he hopes to make a writer. She Is his oldeit daughter, 11 years old, who, two eai ago, had i..ein published In Harper's Monthly, a ft which in mi ii ..id, w riter would like t accomplish. His son, a boy of 1$, Is Mtlng for Harvard, but Is mors of a mechanical and Inventive adept He has one other daughter, a little ir! of With these three and hli j wife he la perfectly happy. MacKaye U hut 38 With Career Before Him. Mai Kayc is but 38 rears old. and his future is before him. Io ths opinion of the leading litterateurs of the country he will become a writer "f ' tremendous imluenc among the better edtn ated clasi of people. His e.irller writings ahowsd .1 deep study and a very mature ! tli.ui.ht and ih.-xe chararterlcticS h.c become more prominent In htt a I ter woi He Is writing thoughts fJ which win last, although they msy fl i ome popular over night. A .. i.,- popular at all H than to work harm to the people p ipul irll .' Is MacKaye's mot 1 would rather remain un known than to sign my name to H f the trash that nowadays IJ ; being 6old as literature." H IN SIMPLE LIFl room Is of while iteel, with IBS man h sanitary bathroom fixtures to H M Alfred G . Jr., Is an early riser. It is seldom that he isn t ready ts 1 get up by 7 or 8 o'clock at W I ! latest He makes his wants knoa j gm , , p, ,., ilgnal code that only I . and his msld know. Before h . his bath the trained nuns him over for any poent Of Illness and takes his tern- ire If he is all right 04 carried to tho bathroom for ' warm tub. It is at this time of the day thit he ha- the most fun- For- llk oX. gentlemen born, the Vanderbllt Mir Is (ond of his bath. He splsfhtj around like a young porpole, sna always finishes off with a shower 't iw much weter than Is slr ' th In the tub He always pretests when Js 4l , , , .... him out for a Jietn rub down with soft towels. j Ns. breakfasts Informally. usuH IT 4B(1 bathrobe. As jet his food e i to him in an ordinary boU 'ag w fi an ordinary nipple. JT When he has been dressed he e po r. Ldj for his morning ride. For " he has his own carriage, horses. footman and coa hman- The horse tt u two undersized bajs. of lW l,r nit and .11- outlines. Just e the team for s rabv millionaire. TW Mtu carrlsge is a m.le model co . A ted blue with the monogrsm jjj, , , ,; v , ... n the PJMS- O o the Vanderbllt livery colors. C r, The coachman and fotmn JJJ . oPp two of the oldest horseman 'n t , a Vanderbllt service, and the) noK pjjjjj their tutelage and giv; l,th ,.IOp,r ,n,l.-r,randlnK of "j"'' lo he will be as good a stock judge as his father. hi The drive usually lasts for c I f,le of hours, -ometlme, around M , ndlng ro.d. of the 7 00-cre j, tate. sometime, along ,hlp. roads In Portsmouth To farm M i" '"' ' ' nii lh;,j s times t; Eg!' u., , elweri by a icL