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FOURTEEN PAGES U TEM- J 1 FEARLESS, INDEPENDENT, PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER. b J Fcrtyth.rd Year-No. 291-Pr.ce Five Cee. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, TUESDAYEVENING, DECEMBER 2, 1913. Entered a, Second-class Matter at the ofr,c.. Cedent. I f PRESIDENT WILSON READS FIRST I ANNUAL MESSAGE TO CONGRESS Briefest Document of Its Kind Ever Presented By U. S. Chief Executive Treats Variety of Subjects Tersely Mexican Situation Dismissed With Brief Comment Huerta Government Slowly Crumbling. ' I UNITED STATES WILL NOT ALTER POLICY I Will Present Special Message Dealing Solely With Trust Legislation Endorses Alaskan Railway Necessity of v Rural Credito Common Council and Conference Between States and Federal Government, Re- vision of Primary Elections System. I 1 Washington. Dec. 2 President Vllson read his fir; annua) message to congre&s today ai a Joint session of both branches at 1 o'clock In the house chamber. The message, amonf the briefest documents of Its kind from any president, about 3000 words t t lone required lss than thirty mln- I utes for reading, though It treated m upon a variety of subjects, j The Mexican situation President Wilson dismissed with brief com i men reiterating the sentiments he expressed in a special address to congress upon the same subjet l some time ago, and expressing tho i belief that the Huerta government slowly was crumlilinp and thai tin' I'nited Stales probably would not be obliged to alter its policy of waiting. No program for the trust leglaM tion was presented further than the mention of the desirability of an I early amendment to the Sherman law, "to prevent private monopoly more effectually than it has yet been -j prevented.'' and an announcement that the president would later ad I m dress a special message to congress !.. iV;illng solely with that subject. iMt Building of Alaskan rallwas. lB which the president endorsed; the need for concentration by tin- Benate Ron the pending currency bill, which he urced urgent necessity of rural J credits legislation; self governmint lor Porto Rico pnd Hawaii; ultimate independence for the Philippines. qjl pollc of common council and con ference" between the federal govern ' : ment and the states on the conserva tlon question, and a revision of the 6ystem of primary elections were the other feature? nf the president's ad dress For details of the govern mont's business, the president re-let-red concre to the annual report of his cabinet officers. di- The Message. Gentlemen of the I'ongrcss in pursuani b of mj constitutional duty to "give to the congress lnfor I matlon of the state of the Union," 1 IV take the liberty of nddresslng ou eti several matters which ought, as 11 seems to me, particularly to engage m the attention of our bonorable bodies, as of all who study the wel fare and progress of the nation. . I shall ak your indulgence If I veil- 9 tare to depart in some degrpe from the usual custom of setting before Gou in formal review the many mat ters which have engaged the alien tion and called for the action of the several departments of the govern- ment or which look to them for early treatment in the future, because the list is long, very long, and would suffer in the abbreviation to which 1 should have to subject it. I shall sub mit to you the reports of the head6 of the several departments. In which these subjects nre set fori It in care- y0 (111 detail and beg that they ma receive tho thoughtful attention of ' your committees and of all membei 0g of the congress who may have the leisure to study them Their obvi-! otis Importance, as constituting the jjn very substance of the busiuess of the government, makes comment and cm pbaels on m) part unnecessary jjj. The country, I am thankful to say, is at peace with all the world, and many happ) manifestations multiply about us of a growing cordiality and S sense of community of Interest among the nations. foreshadowing j an age of settled peace and good v. III. More and more readily each decade do the nations manifest their W willingness to bind tbemsr-lvef b) I solemn treaty to the processes of peace, the processes of frankness aud f0 rair concession So far the United 5 States has stood at the front of such negotiations She will, 1 earm ' H hope and confidently i' lieve, give II fresh proof of her sincere adherence to the rause of International friend ship Oy ratlfyiug the several treaties of arbitration awaiting renewal DJ the senate. In addition to these, it has be- the privilege of the depart ment of state to gain the assent. In principle, of no less than .11 nations, representing four-fifths of the popu- &2 lation oi the world, to th- negotln- j tion of trestles by which it shall be gfi) .-recd that whenever differences of pp Interest or of policy arise which can I I not be resolved by the ordinary pro- ti ese of diplomacy the;, shall be m rubllcly analyzed, discussed, and ro il l-orted upon by a tribunal chosen by I the parties before either nation de- J tannines its course of action. There is only one possible standard bj wttlch io determine controversies between tin- United States and oth nations, and that is compounded ot k these two piemen's Our own honor J and oiir obligations to the peace of the wjorld. A test so compounded ought easily to be made to govern ' both the establishment of new treat obligations and the !ni rpretatiou ol ""M those ftlready assumed. tfii jMexico the One Cloud tp. I There Is but one cloud upon our -I j horlzotfe. That has show n Itself to J I the sotith of us, and hangs ofer Mez I Ico. 'Adhere can be no certain pros- I Pct rff peace in America until Qen J tral luerta has surrendered his m mi H usurped authority In Mexico; until it I. understood on all hands. Indeed that SUCb pretended governments will not he countenanced or dealt with by the Kovernment of the United Stales We are the friends of constitutional government in America; we are mora Iran its friends, we are its cham pious, because In no other way can our neighbors, to whom we would wish in every way to make proof ot our friendship, work out their own development In peace n,nd liberty Mexico has no government. The at tempt to maintain one at tho City of Mexico has broken down and a men? military despotism has been set up whicb has hardlj more than the seni bianco of national authority. It or iglnafed in the usurpation of Victo rlano Huerta, who, after a brief at tempt to play the part of constltu i tional president, has at last cast I aside even the pretpnse of lege! right und declared himself dictator. As a consequence, a condition of affairs now exist in Mexico which has made it doubtful whether even the most I elementarv and fundamental rights j either of her own people or of the citizens of other countries resident within her territory can long be sue I cessfully safeguarded, and which threatens, if long continued, to im peril the Interests of peace, order, mid tolerable life In the lands imme iliately to the south of us. Kven If Hie usurper had succeeded In his pur poses. In despite of the constitution of the republic and the rights of its people, he would have set up noth ing but a precarious mi l hareful pow er which could have lamed but a little while and whose eventful down tall would have left the country in n more deplorable condition than ever. But he has not succeeded. He has forfeited the reaped and the moral support even of those who were at one time willing to see him succeed Little by little he has been com pletely isolated. By a little every day his power and prestige are crum tllng and the collapse Is not far away We shall not, I believe, be obliged to alter our policy of watch- i tul waiting And then, when the end comes, we shall hope to see consti tutional order restored In distressed Mexico by the concert and energy of such of her leaders as prefer the I liberty of their people to their own ambitious. Currency Bill. 1 turn to matters of domestic con cern You already have under con sideration a bill lor the reform of our system of banking and currency. for which the country waits with Im patience, as for something fnnda- I mental to Hh whole business life and necessary to set credit free from ar bitrary and artificial restraints. I need not say how earnestly I hope for Its early enactment Into law. 1 ii'ke leave to beg that the whole en-1 ergy and attention of the senate be concentrated upon it tin tin- matter is successfully disposed of. And yet i 1 feel that the request Is not needed I that the members of that great house need no urglug In this serv Ice to the country. I present to you. in addition, the urgent necessity that special provi sion be made also lor facilitating the credits needed by the fanners of the I countr The pending currency bill does the farmers a great service It puts them upon an equal footing with other business men and masters of enterprise, as it should, and upon ils passage they will find themselves quit of many of the difficulties which now hamper them in the field of credit The farmers, of course, ask and should be given no special priv ilege, such as extending to them the credit of the fcov eminent iti-eli What they need and should obtain is legis lation which will make their own abundant and substantial credit re sources available as a foundation for joint, conceded local action In their ! own behalf in getting the capital they must use. It Is to this we should now address ourselves It has singularly enough, conic to pass that we have allowed the Indus try of our farms to lag behind the I other activities of the country In its development I need not stop to tell jou how fundamental to the nf, the nation Is the production of its food Our thoughts may ordinarllv be concentrated upon the. cities and tin1 hives of Industry, upon the cries of the crowded market place and the clangor of the factor but II is from the Jjuiet interspaces of the open valleys and the free bilUldes that w draw the sources of life an ol prosperity, from the farm and the ranch, from the forest and the mine. Without these vcr street would be silent, every office deserted, every factory fallen into disrepair Ami yet the farmer does not stand upon tho same footing with the forester and the miner In (he market of en d It. He Is the servant of the seasons Nature determines how long he must wait for his crops, and will not be humeri In bar processes. He maj (Continued on Page 12) I , GUNS OF UNCLE SAM'S FLEET FROWN ON CITY OF VERA CRUZ Watching the mobitizinc of U. S. fleet in the harbor cf Yera Cruz, Mexico, A Ameilcan battleships for many weeks have lain in the harbor of Vera Cros, Mexko, ready to protect American Inteest oi to seize the dty on a moment's notice should intervention on the part of the United States be necessary'- Vera Crur Is Mexico's lnrpest se. p .-t city. The battleships New Jersey, Michigan, Virginia, Louisiana and Rhode Island are now anchored there. TWO ENTOMBED MEN RESCUED Hundreds of Miners Desper ately Fighting Against Tons of Rock and Dirt. GRAVE ANXIETY FELT Three Stil! in Cave-in in Gold en Cycle Mine Fate Is Unknown. ("ripple Creek, Colo.. Doc. 2. Fighting against tons of rock and dirt, hundreds of miners working In shifts of 25 minutes each, struggled today to reach the three men still ntombed In the Golden Cycle mine here, the property of J. T Mtlllken of st Louis, iii which four men were entombed late yesterday afternoon by a cave-in and from which "one R18JH has been taken alive A fifth miner was entombed in the lirlst n.Hs mine adjoining and rescued late last night Grave fears for the safety of the men, Frank M. Woods. Patrick Ke vany and Samuel Sorenson, were ex pressed early today by rescuers, who fear that a second slide had occur red between them and the Impris oned men Thomas Spindel. one of the Im prisoned miners, was the first to be lescued last night. He was at the eighth level of the Golden Cycle. Af ter nine hours' work In the Christ mas mine at the fourth level, Frank Gabrls was taken out. uninjured Poth he and Spindel had been pro tected from the crushing slide by the catching of "key" boulders which checked the rush of rock and dirt just before it reached them. Deputy Mine Inspector James Stewart made an investigation of tho Golden Cycle slide today. Ho ex pressed the belief that the slide was due to the failure of large support ing pillars between the stopes of Xhf fourth and third levels. Five stopes, filled with debris, parallel and per pendicular to each other evidently collapsed and came together, anil then the slide was precipitated through tho other levels to the bot tom of the mine. The main shaft remained practlc ally clear and It was from the lovels of that shaft that tho rescue work was conducted. Throughout the forenoon the prog ress of rescue workers was slow, ow ing to the necessity of timbering ev ery foot of ground recovered. At noon no response had been received to signals of the rescuers and it was feared that the thr. e entombed men had perished. Rescuers reported the rock still falling. LYMAN FRAUD TRIALJALTED Court Inquires Into Alleged Illegal Approach of the Jurors. Los Angeles, Dec. 2. The trial ot Dr. John Gram Lyman, charged with misuse of Hie malls in COnnectloi with land deals in Panama, came to .in abrupt hall todaj while Judge Wellborn of the i nlted States die m ronrt Inquired Into published In tlmallons thai the Juror-, had been approached. counsel for Lyman called tha courts attention to the newspaper articles declaring there was no truth in them. Edward A Ragan special counsel for tie- government, said there had been do suspicion of com" munication between the Jurors and the defense hut counsel Joined in staling their belle! that the published rumors hail made it impossible to continue with the present Jury. Judge Wellborn ordered a recess while h considered the advisability of order ing a uew trlaL TITLED OFFICER CAUSESTROUBLE German Lieutenant Cuts Down Lame Shoemaker With Sharp Edge of Sabre. WOUND IS DANGEROUS Serious Bloodshed Feared Un less Regiment is Immediate ly Transferred. Zabern. Alsace, Germain. Dee. 2. Lieutenant Baron Yon FnrtsiHT, who started the trouble between the troops and civilians here by referring scornfully to the citizens when he addressed the recruits of his compa ny, aroused sllll further indignation against the armv today by cutting i down a bmo AlsHon shoemaker with 1 his vabre. Thfl titled lieutenant was leading a ball company of the Ninety-ninth in fantry from the barracks to the conn try to go through the morning drill when a group of workmen recognized Von Forstner. They hooted the offi cer vsho at once halted his company and sent a squad of soldiers in pur suit The Infantrymen succeeded in catching only one man, a laine shoe maker, who resisted arrest. Von Forstner then came up and de liberately struck him on the head with the sharpened edged of his sa bre. The wound Is a dangerous one The fresh incident has created such tension that serious bloodshed is feared unless the 99th regiment Is transferred immediately. CK) VILLA'S CHIEF OF STAFFJN JAIL General Asserts Former Offi- cer Failed to Account for $14,000 in Cash. El Va-oo Texas, Dec. 1'. Juan N. Medina, chief of staff to General Francisco Villa, Is In the Kl Paso county Jail, charged with bnuging stolen property to the value of over S5U into the state. He was arrested last night when he came to Fl Paso, thief of City Detective J. C. Stausel making the arrest Stansel says he made the arrest on the information from Villa him self, who asserted that Medina had not accounted for $14,000 in cash. Medina denies that he got any of ' Villa's money and says he had re I signed as Villa's chief of staff and wa3 quitting the rebel service when he came to El l'aso RAILROAD FILES MOREJSRIEFS Washington. D. C. Dee L' The eont.sl over um worth of ..II lands, part of grants to the Pacific railroads, took un unusual turn to da before the supreme court when the government and counsel for tho Southern Pacific railroad came 'n with additional briefs arguing wheth er oil is a mineral The government has a suit to ran eel grants to the Soutln ru Pacific the ground II was not Intended that mineral lunds should pass it. BRITISH CAPTAIN KILLED. Fast Church. Kent. England. Dec 2 Captain Gilbert V Wildman-Lush Ington, commander of the liriiihli na val flying corps, was killed today at I i ii.- naval (lying grounds here, REWARD OFFERED FOR HOLDUP Southern Pacific Posts $5,000 For Capture of Bandii Who Killed Agent. DEPUTIES SCOUR HILLS Dead Man Given No Chance for Life Bullet Crashed Through Head. ixis Angeles. Cat., Dec. 2. -A reward of $5000 was offered today by the Southern Pacific company for the capture of tho youthful bandit who held up the passengers in the rear Pullman of one of the company's llm Ited trains nar here last night and "hot and killed Horace K. Montague, a traveling paev unr r agent-of the road. Sheriff's deputies were searching the hills near tho scene of the rob bery today and the police hunting through this city without having found any trace of the bandit. Passengers on the train said today Montague had not been given a chance for his life He had entered the sleeping car while the bandit was at work and was ordered to throw up his hands. The ?hot came before he had a chance to comply and the bullei crashed through his head. The robber collected about ?300 in money and Jewels from the passen gers J W Compton. Pullman conductor, said his watch had been returned to him when he protested that It was a gift from his dead mother. MANY CHARGES ARE MISSED Persons Indicted for Alleged Smuggling of Arms Across Border Cleared. Phoenix. Ariz.. Dec. 1' All indict ments pending in the United States district court here against firms and individuals of El Paso, Texas, and Tucson, and Douglas, Ariz., on charges of smuggling arms to the Mexican revolutionists, were dismis sed today by Judge William Saw telle. vvho sustained demurrers. There remain, however, several in dictments charging conspiracy to smuggle war munllious across the international boundary. Indictments had been filed against the following business firms and per sons. Krukaur Zork and Move, ami Shcl-ton-Payne Arm company of El Paso, Texas, Albert Stelufeld & Co., A. Stelnfeld and Hugo Dunago of Tuc son; Phelps-Dodge Mercantile com pauy W II Hrophy F. E. Coles and W H Fisher, of Bishee. Douglas Hardware company, Li. D McCartney, Joseph Slater. N. M Tucker W E. Scliwamm and lsadore Ilitlky of Houfilas. The true bills pending against Man uel ESscaladO, Gregorlo Flor.-N Hello doro Rivera ami Joachim CamUlO, re puled agents of the Mexican insur ants, also were dismissed The conspiracy ludictments still pending are agalnset the Shelton Payne Arms company; Krakaur Zork and Move, the Phelps-Dodge Sjeri ..utile company A P. Hernan dez; J M Moreno. Gustav Padres, Mexican agents; ,. D. McCartney and the Douglas Hardware company. PRESIDENT HALL DEAD Now York, Dec. - Thomas A. Hallj president ol the American Hide ;:nd Leather company, died at his home in New Canaan, Conn., enrly tn.Ja.s nf heart disease He wa. t'.S yearn old, was the first and only president of Ihe American company and in hi; early life was an intimate friend ot Henrj H. Roger-. CHIHUAHUA TO DE REBEL BASE Hurried Preparations Being Made for Prompt Occupa tion of State Capital. FEDERALS LEAVE CITY Plan Aggressive Activities Southwest Early Attack to Be Made on Mexico City. Juarez., Mex , Her. 2 Hasty prep arations were under way today in the rebel ranks for the prompt occu patlon of f'hihuahua the picturesque capital of Chihuahua state, which is reported to have been evacuated by the federal troops because of threat ened starvation of its 36,000 popula tion. Pointing out that of the important federal strongholds in the north only Monterey and Guaymos remained. General Francisco Villa, the rebel leader, said hihuahua would be made the ba.-.e of aggressive actlvl- I inC tAI,tl,...,r.l "We will be shooting at the ram parts of Mexico City within a month." said Villa. "A mob in the capital can oust Huerta in a day " With 3500 rebels and 16 field pieces advances as far as Carrizal ninety miles south of Juarez, on the way to Chihuahua. Villa will remain hero until he communicates with General Yenustlano Car rani a, before he per sonally proceeds south. Ai Chihua hua he expects to Join General Chao and other rebel leaders and with a combined force or 70u) will proceed toward Zacatecas. the first important dty south of Torreon. Other rebel forces. Villa said, are to proceed up the west coast toward Guadalajara. Poor People Starving. According to late reports which Villa said he received by couriers who travel..,) overland 130 miles to Villa Ahumada where the telegraph line has been connected with Juarez, tho desertion of Chihuahua by the federals was brought about by the pressure of the citizens. The peo ple R was said, protest that If the federal garrison resisted the fight Inc would result In the wholesale killing of non-combatants that the poor were half starved and that the wealthy residents could not expect mercy at the hands of ihe Invaders. General Me.rcado Is said to have de cided on flight to the American bor der so that he could communicate with Provisional President Huerta. Communication betwpen Chihuahua and Mexico City has been impossible for weeks Hundreds Flee Across Desert. Reports received today from the telegraph outpo-sf at Villa Ahumada idated that hundreds of men. women and children were fleeing across the desert from Chihuahua to OJinaga and other border points. Long wag on trains, horses and burros, laden with household goods and valuables and followed by a scurrying horde of people on foot were seen. It appears as though almost the whole city, car rying Its richest possession, had been set iu motion suddenly and was strug gling through clouds of dust to keep pace with a hurrying escort of fed erals, according to the rebel scouts Among the refugees were said to be members of the wealthy Terrazas and Creel families, whose lives were threatened by the projected rebl at tack on Chihuahua. Thse families, some of whom were heads of bank ing institutions, had been isolated in Chihuahua for many weeks. All Facing Starvation. The reports brought to General Villa were that food supplies were so scant that not ouly the poor but the wealthy faced starvation and that finally these representations Induced the federals to evacuate. Villa sent conrlers south today to learn whether General Chao, the con stitutionalist, had entered the city. Villa said he did not regard the evacuation of ( hihuahua as a com plete surrender of federal authority, hut rather that the federal troops had decided to adopt guerrilla tactics and after replenishing their supplies and i communicating with Mexico City, planued to continue fighting. AMERICAN HELD FOR HANSOM Los Angeles, Dec 2. W. S. Wind ham, formerly cashier of a bank at Pasadena, now superintendent of a ranch at Qulmicbls. Mexican territo ry, of Teplc, sent wireless message to former United States Senator T Bard of nanl today, saying he was being held by Constitutionalists until he paid a ransom of ?5n00 gold Dr. W. H. Livingston, president of tie Qulmichis Ranch company, tle- uraphed to the stale department at Washington aflklns that a demand for protection be sen! to the Carranxa provisional government at Herrnoslllo no PANAMA HAT SALE Washington. Dec. 2. The govern ment has 26 cases of Panama hats on its hands for sale cheap. The hats arrived In New York from South America on invoices alleged to have boon fraudulently low, but Ihe con dgnee did not call for them. I In- shipper claimed then lore t In were not technically "entered" and could not bo seized by the govern ment The supreme court of tho I 'nlted Suites has decided otharwlso. RAEPD LOPEZ' FATEJEALED Heavy Fume of Wet Gun powder Turned Into Mine for Twenty-four Hours. NO DASH FOR LIBERTY Resourceful Mexican May Have Found Spot Not Yet Reached by Deadly Gases. Bingham, Utah, Dec. 2 The fate of Ralph Lopez, slayer of six men. remained a question early today which It appeared that only the removal of the bulkheads and a search of the Utah-Apes mine, where he took ref uge, would answer AJ1 night long smudgen poured their deadly gases Into the tunnels. A dozen deputies i watched each exit to shoot tho des perado on sight, but the expected daafa for liberty did not occur. Barlj today fumes from wet gun powder were directed Into the under- ground corridors. These fumes are nea anu nans close to th ground beneath the strata or lighter ga6es that have been pouring into the mine since yesterday morning. It was ex pected that the powder fumes would settle into several blind sropos not ye1 penetrated by the gases of loss density. Cranovich Not in Mine. The seven sheriffs in charge are convinced that Mike Cranovich, who recently shot and seriously wounded his wife, is not in the mine or that h! would have surrendered himself. They found evidence that he had j hidden there before Lopez entered tho Andy tunnel last Friday The failure of Lopez to attempt a dash rrom the mine has led some Io j the belief that perhaps the resource ful Mexican had found a secure re treat from the gases and would live to fight another underground battle , such as occurred Saturday when ho killed two deputies, before he sur rendered his own life, Iopez began his outlaw career on November 21 when h killed a fellow Mexican. Later In the day he killed (he chief of police and deputies who pursued him. After a chase through the mountains of several countleB he 1 returned to Bingham and took rofusn In the Ctah-Apex mine, where he kill ed two more deputies He Is per-hap- the most deadly shot that ever ill ed a posse He is handsome aryl debonair, hut his pursuers ha1. o com" Io know that his bravado is not assumed. oo WARRANTS ISSUED I AGAINSTHINERS I Twenty-five Officials and j Members of Trinidad Union Indicted by Grand Jury. Pueblo, Colo.. Dec. 2 The task of ) issuing warrants for the arrest of the j twenty-five officials and members of the Pnited Mine Workers of Ameri ca, who were indicted late yesterday by the United Slates grand jury', was J begun today hut court officials here. 1 The Indictments charge conspiracy ! to monopolize labor and conspiracy in restraint of Interstate commerce The Indictmeuts followed several weeks' investigation of conditions ex latlng in the Colorado coal fleld3 where a strike has been in progress since September 23. WOMEN TO DAVE I BUDGET SYSTEM I Suffragists May Adopt New Constitution on Broader Plan Some Opposition. rB W ashington, Dec. 2. Chief interest j- W I in the second day's session oi the Bj H convention of the National Amerlcau , M Woman Suffrage association was in the discussion of a new constitution c(jE for the organization The purpose of I a change in constitution, it was ex- P Bj plained, was to give the association a budget system Money for carrying on the work hitherto has been raised by subscriptions. Reports of creden tials, ways and means, church work, congressional and other committees, took up the morning sessiou. The - M committee which drew up tho new constitution was also ready to re- Despite the optimistic views of 9 those leading the new movement, however, there was talk of opposi tion when the suffragists got down to work today Some of those who ;( had become most radically opposed rA io the new plan were urging other delegates to Join a movement to form a concerted opposition to It before r the convention. Those favoring the I iffll plan, however, were confident all dif ferences would bo removed and that all forces would finally be united to work in harmony for the cause. POTTERS' ANNUAL MEETING. Pittsburg, Pa., Dec. 2. More than 2uo manufacturing potters assembled here today for the annual meeting of tlx. ITnthad StSLtJUi Potter' aaaoeln t lou.