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, I MAGAZINE SECTION THE OGDEN STANDARD 1 MAGAZINE SECTION i I
OOPEX CITY, UTAH, SATURDAY, JANUARY, 17, 1914. " - About ever' fourth dey some fouple comes to the front with the claim that thev aro the first eugenic couple to be married in their partic ular bailiwick. About four thousand three hun dred and eight first eugenic babies have been born at different points, according to the reports of newspa per correspondents from about the same number of cities and hamlets. One of the peculiarities of these eu genic children Is that they come mostly from the rank of the poor. Rich folks have been theorizing about eugenics for several years College professors have been study Ing about it, but down in the slums they have been practicing it. When a descendant of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow decides she Is to be mar ried according to the latest theories, the news Is heralded far and wide. It is considerable of an accomplish ment for her, but down In the Ghet to there aro eupenlc marriages every little while and there Is no more noise about it than If the marriages were Just ordinary ones. The fact Is the couples don't particularly care to brag about their scientific mar riage. They don't nay finyihlnc about It until their first baby takeB the sweopstakes at the baby show, and then when questioned by reporters they admit they found they were physically fit to have rhildren before marriage. They admit 'hey didn't rush to the altar blind to the future. They went to a physician and had their qualities inventoried before they got the marriage license. Aft er the irtork made his visit the mother Joined the mother's cluh and began bringing up the child Just like any stock raiser would bring up a prize-wlnninjr colt. babies and co'tr are a pood deql alike, the scientist say T?oth need care If (hcv are to be first-class ani mals There are those who can af ford to have 111 born eryinc: babies; but down In the Ghetto they want children who laugh instead of squawk rrinr children don't al low their mothers to finish their work. TCngonlrs is not a necessity among: the rich. A nurse can he hired to take care of the baby if he is sickly, but nmong the poor eu penics in economy. FrGENTCS TV VOCTE IN STOCK RAISING. When farmers rale colts they take the best care of them in the world. Tn fact they start before the colts are born. They begin with the mothers and fathers. Tf a far mer owns a mare subject to dis temper or that Is lean and scrawny, he does not allow it to produce offspring, because the colt are al most sure to develop Into lean. I scrawny, distempered horses. When , he wants to increase his herd of horses ho picks the finest mare he has to become the mother of the f colts and mates her to the finest male In the township. When the colt arrives It Is a per fect animal. In fact. It is a eu genic colt, though It does not. go by I that name The mother of the colt e tends to Its bringing up. She does d not allow other horses to nose her d colt kissing it la what they call It I In man language. When another I 1 horse tries to nose her colt she kicks with all her might. Instinct teaches the mother that other horses might do the colt harm that is. bring it disease germs. The mother horse Is one of the best followers of eugenics going. Scientists have learned a lot from her about bringing up babies. Dean Walter T. Sumner of the Cathedral of SS Peter and Paul in Chicago, is enthusiastic in following the wake of the farmer find applying eugenics to the hu man race. Several years ago he refused to marry couples unless they brought medical certificates of good health. One of he first cou ples he married was Mr. and Mrs. A. E Bode. Bode is a police tel egrapher. A child was born to that mar riage last December 6. Physicians said It was perfectly formed. In Jersey City, X. J. Edward Dean, four months old, recently Joined the ranks of eugenic babies and in a better babies show won first prize. Nathan Erwln Shapiro, 6 months old, carried off the sweepstakes in St. Louis at the Better Babies Show of the Jewish Alliance, Christmas week. Nathan's home conslete of three rooms in the heart of the poorer quarters of St Louis His father, Ben Shapiro, has a shop in front of the store. The baby le twenty-six inches long, weighs sev enteen pounds, has chest and ab domen measure of seventeen Inches and an arm reach of sixteen and one-half Inches. A Mi BABIES BORN GOOD NATURES). He Laughs most of the time h Is awake. His mother. Mrs. Fan nie Rlchter Shapiro, says all babies are born good. They cry only when something Is the matter with them Nathan never gives her any trouble because he was born with nothing the matter with hirn and he has been kept well ever since She doesn't experiment with her child. She cares for him according to tho most approved lines. "Maybe I didn't have all the chances in the world," she says "Maybe1 Ben and I do not have them now, but Nathan is going to havo a chance to bo strong and well." Some of the far-reaching results of the scientific research work be ins: done by the Eugenics Record office at Cold Spring Harbor. L. L, are made public In a report of the Committee on Applied Eugenics of the American MedLc-Psychologl-cal Association, recently published in pamphlet form. In addition, the committee, con sisting of Dr. Hubert Work, chair man, Dr, H. M. Carey and Dr. Charles G. III11. make some start ling recommendations on its own account. Including the removal of the feeble-minded from the public schools and society, and that no males should bo admitted to de tention until all females of child bearing age have been safe guarded. Colonization of defec tives for Immediate relief Is also recommended. In Its summary of results already obtained the report says: Twenty-seven States have given CLINT MURPr legislative consideration to this subject, eleven having enacted laws. Many Legislatures associated with these bills marriage regula tion features, while some consid ered this last feature Independent ly. Public school Inspection has bnen adopted by hoards of educa tion in the lrrge cities of the United States. A few city schools have attempted to segregate back ward children in classes, chiefly as a protection 'o normal children. UTAH MEDICAL JOURNAL HAS EUGENIC STAFF. "Medical periodicals have given the subject unstinted space In tho ear past; the Utah Medical Jour nal established a department of eugenics with a staff of associate editors, whll. tho research work being done at the Training School at Vlneland, N. J., is the crowning glory of this new science. Our in quiries tench that the thoughtful M ATHAN ERWIN SHAP A' IRO in different poses. niiddlo classes are earnestly Inter ested in eugenics as nppUed to the human family, while tho thought less extremes of society are Inter ested only In generating material. Society Is renewed from below. It Is from blood of the peasantry and our farms that men of affairs come, and It is of vit;il importance to the nation that ihcso sources be kept pure. "This committee mailed ques tlonalre Into every State, ano xa surprised to receive letters from Governors and others in public life, Tvho were not addressed, but who saw our inquiries Incident ly. Re quests for literature from members of several Legislatures were received nnrl compiled vs 1 1 li . and man hos pital superintendents' reports de voted space to the subject. The con sensus of opinion from scientific thinkers on eugenics teaches that the feeble-minded are the result of Inherited defect. That lmprorement may be confidently predicted tn many, but restoration In none. That whether defect be recessive or con genital, tho trail of feeble-mlnded-ness Is transmitted with certainty. That the rate of increase by propa gation Is more rapid than in normal people, and that the defective class Is a self-perpetuntlng body. That the feeble-Minded female is about three times as likely to mato sex ually as the male. No one has been found who de preciates the menace of the feeble minded In America. Many aro sur prised at the sudden pending of the evil, forgetting that heretofore they were hidden or destroyed through necrleet and disease, as the Insane were, but now they are uncovered by census and public care to mature and multiply. All who express them selves agree that limitation of off spring from defectives must be ac complished. "We believe that neither steriliza tion nor colonization will meet the situation alone, but the advantages of bo'h should be Joined. It would be Impractical for a commission to canvass a community and compel sterilization of Its children. The beneficence of the colonv should first be employed and tne advice of those skilled In the subject procured, after observation has been had. Now that Intellect can be measured, youthful genius and Imbecility need not be confused or the Interruption of lines of genius feared by the timid. TWO PER CFXT OF CHILDREN DEFECTIVE. "Two per cent of our school chil dren are Incapable of taking their place In society because mentally deficient New York City alone has IS, 000 feeble minded children In its schools. Allowing 500 to the colony, this would mean thirty Institutions for that city or thirty times more than it now has. "In the opinion of your commit tee, the problem of the feeble minded Is first In Importance of all public questions and may never be. solved in Its entirety. Its limitation Is all we can hope for, because It is so difficult for the human mind to understand mind and recognize de fect Against this hope stands that semlre.lljrlous sect which h is for Its shibboleth. Everything that Is, Is rbcht.' that part of the Christian church that fears the soul may ex ist w ithout Intellect. The mental de fect that Is covered by criminality, and tho moron, who, because dif ferent from his family. Is suspected of being a Renlus until his attempts to earn a livelihood show his de fects as through a transparency. "Once the relation between feeble mindedness, crlminallt) and the les ser derelictions can be Impressed upon the public, then only will the enormity of the subject become pat ent to It and Its cost In dollars bo appreciated. Criminals are Incar cerated hecanse they represent dan ger to life and property. Reform schools are supported to turn hoys away from a criminal manhood. The public must learn that th.- feeble minded propagate themselves. A phase of mental defect not hereto fore generally associated lias horri fied the reading public for a year past. Sociologists have long known that prostlttftes as a class are men tally deficient, so weak, in fact, that they are colonized and rented by keepers, receiving for themselves scant maintenance only. The cun ning procuress has enlisted the pro curer, also a moral idiot, who boldly abducts from (he streets those pli ant enough to listen, and has Inci dentally advertised this traffic. W AGES ALONE WILL NOT LIFT MORALS. "It is not low wages alone that lies back of our vice commissions' findings. We have no assurance that girls who become Immoral while earning S per week would remain virtuous If paid $12 per week. It is well known that the I' I working girl is as moral as her sis- I ters who dJTB provided tor; In itself '' evidence that tho firs: cauao of fo male degradation is not financial. There s a definite relation between a limited earning capacity and a low wage. Any arbitrary fixed minimum wage is a doubtful moral aid slid an industrial ImpossiUlity . Soclolo- ; gists searching for the cause of pov erty have given Jit t To thought to mental defect Alcoholism, crim inal Instinct, environment and ava ricious employers have each been attacked, passing over the inherent ' organization of the individual that craves alcohol; invites crime, selects environment and makes him unem ployable. "Back of it all lies mental de- j fectiveness, the principal asset of commercialized vice and not Its putative parent, low wages. The In Stltutions already built for the feeble-minded have been deigned In error, for the development of la tent faculties and to graduate nor mal citizens from your children. We now know that these efforts have failed because mentality was not latent, but absent. "Literary education of the feeble minded Is valueless. That gained by the defective can not compete with tii it acquired by norm.il children because no stability of character is associated; but it often la an aid In criminality. "Abstract teaching is wasted ener gy. The defective brain may be im pressed only by repeated bombard ment of Its centers by Impressions received through association of the hands and eyes. Imitation Is the schoolmaster of the feeble-minded and It Is equally accessible fron? vicious and virtuous sources." Blight Impress the Bull. Whistler the artist, was once walking through a field, when sud denly he found tht a huge bull was making straight towards him. He ran as he had never run be fore. When he reached the other side of the fence he saw a farmer, the owner of tho field, coolly watching the proceedings. Mr. Whistler was furious, and shaking j. his fist at the farmer paid: "What do you mean. sir. by let tine a savage dull like that roam at large? Do you know who I aro sir? I'm Whistler" "Are you?" replied the farmer. 'Then what's the good of leHlng me? Why didn't you till the Telephone Learned From the ieaf. Alexander Graham Bell, the In- v ator of the telephone, hit on his marvelous discovery while study ing and while teaching the deaf. At ,i dinner In Washington Pro fessor Eell said, apropos of this "Tea we can learn valuable secrets from the most unlikely sources. A Persian poet, famed for his wisdom, was once asked by his king where he had learned his philosophy. " From the blind sir ' the poet replied 'from the blind. who never advance a step until they have tried the ground.' "