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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, January 17, 1914, 4 o'clock p.m. City Edition, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 13

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058396/1914-01-17/ed-1/seq-13/

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About ever' fourth dey some
fouple comes to the front with the
claim that thev aro the first eugenic
couple to be married in their partic
ular bailiwick.
About four thousand three hun
dred and eight first eugenic babies
have been born at different points,
according to the reports of newspa
per correspondents from about the
same number of cities and hamlets.
One of the peculiarities of these eu
genic children Is that they come
mostly from the rank of the poor.
Rich folks have been theorizing
about eugenics for several years
College professors have been study
Ing about it, but down in the slums
they have been practicing it. When
a descendant of Henry Wadsworth
Longfellow decides she Is to be mar
ried according to the latest theories,
the news Is heralded far and wide.
It is considerable of an accomplish
ment for her, but down In the Ghet
to there aro eupenlc marriages every
little while and there Is no more
noise about it than If the marriages
were Just ordinary ones. The fact Is
the couples don't particularly care
to brag about their scientific mar
riage. They don't nay finyihlnc about It
until their first baby takeB the
sweopstakes at the baby show, and
then when questioned by reporters
they admit they found they were
physically fit to have rhildren before
marriage. They admit 'hey didn't
rush to the altar blind to the future.
They went to a physician and had
their qualities inventoried before
they got the marriage license. Aft
er the irtork made his visit the
mother Joined the mother's cluh and
began bringing up the child Just like
any stock raiser would bring up a
prize-wlnninjr colt.
babies and co'tr are a pood deql
alike, the scientist say T?oth need
care If (hcv are to be first-class ani
mals There are those who can af
ford to have 111 born eryinc: babies;
but down In the Ghetto they want
children who laugh instead of
squawk rrinr children don't al
low their mothers to finish their
work. TCngonlrs is not a necessity
among: the rich. A nurse can he
hired to take care of the baby if he
is sickly, but nmong the poor eu
penics in economy.
When farmers rale colts they
take the best care of them in the
world. Tn fact they start before
the colts are born. They begin with
the mothers and fathers. Tf a far
mer owns a mare subject to dis
temper or that Is lean and scrawny,
he does not allow it to produce
offspring, because the colt are al
most sure to develop Into lean.
I scrawny, distempered horses. When
, he wants to increase his herd of
horses ho picks the finest mare he
has to become the mother of the
f colts and mates her to the finest
male In the township.
When the colt arrives It Is a per
fect animal. In fact. It is a eu
genic colt, though It does not. go by
I that name The mother of the colt
e tends to Its bringing up. She does
d not allow other horses to nose her
d colt kissing it la what they call It
I In man language. When another
horse tries to nose her colt she
kicks with all her might. Instinct
teaches the mother that other
horses might do the colt harm
that is. bring it disease germs.
The mother horse Is one of the
best followers of eugenics going.
Scientists have learned a lot from
her about bringing up babies.
Dean Walter T. Sumner of the
Cathedral of SS Peter and Paul
in Chicago, is enthusiastic in
following the wake of the farmer
find applying eugenics to the hu
man race. Several years ago he
refused to marry couples unless
they brought medical certificates of
good health. One of he first cou
ples he married was Mr. and Mrs.
A. E Bode. Bode is a police tel
egrapher. A child was born to that mar
riage last December 6. Physicians
said It was perfectly formed.
In Jersey City, X. J. Edward
Dean, four months old, recently
Joined the ranks of eugenic babies
and in a better babies show won
first prize.
Nathan Erwln Shapiro, 6 months
old, carried off the sweepstakes in
St. Louis at the Better Babies Show
of the Jewish Alliance, Christmas
week. Nathan's home conslete of
three rooms in the heart of the
poorer quarters of St Louis His
father, Ben Shapiro, has a shop in
front of the store. The baby le
twenty-six inches long, weighs sev
enteen pounds, has chest and ab
domen measure of seventeen Inches
and an arm reach of sixteen and
one-half Inches.
He Laughs most of the time h
Is awake. His mother. Mrs. Fan
nie Rlchter Shapiro, says all babies
are born good. They cry only when
something Is the matter with them
Nathan never gives her any trouble
because he was born with nothing
the matter with hirn and he has
been kept well ever since She
doesn't experiment with her child.
She cares for him according to tho
most approved lines.
"Maybe I didn't have all the
chances in the world," she says
"Maybe1 Ben and I do not have them
now, but Nathan is going to havo
a chance to bo strong and well."
Some of the far-reaching results
of the scientific research work be
ins: done by the Eugenics Record
office at Cold Spring Harbor. L. L,
are made public In a report of the
Committee on Applied Eugenics of
the American MedLc-Psychologl-cal
Association, recently published
in pamphlet form.
In addition, the committee, con
sisting of Dr. Hubert Work, chair
man, Dr, H. M. Carey and Dr.
Charles G. III11. make some start
ling recommendations on its own
account. Including the removal of
the feeble-minded from the public
schools and society, and that no
males should bo admitted to de
tention until all females of child
bearing age have been safe
guarded. Colonization of defec
tives for Immediate relief Is also
recommended. In Its summary of
results already obtained the report
Twenty-seven States have given
legislative consideration to this
subject, eleven having enacted
laws. Many Legislatures associated
with these bills marriage regula
tion features, while some consid
ered this last feature Independent
ly. Public school Inspection has
bnen adopted by hoards of educa
tion in the lrrge cities of the
United States. A few city schools
have attempted to segregate back
ward children in classes, chiefly as
a protection 'o normal children.
"Medical periodicals have given
the subject unstinted space In tho
ear past; the Utah Medical Jour
nal established a department of
eugenics with a staff of associate
editors, whll. tho research work
being done at the Training School
at Vlneland, N. J., is the crowning
glory of this new science. Our in
quiries tench that the thoughtful
A' IRO in different poses.
niiddlo classes are earnestly Inter
ested in eugenics as nppUed to the
human family, while tho thought
less extremes of society are Inter
ested only In generating material.
Society Is renewed from below. It
Is from blood of the peasantry and
our farms that men of affairs
come, and It is of vit;il importance
to the nation that ihcso sources be
kept pure.
"This committee mailed ques
tlonalre Into every State, ano xa
surprised to receive letters from
Governors and others in public life,
Tvho were not addressed, but who
saw our inquiries Incident ly. Re
quests for literature from members
of several Legislatures were received
nnrl compiled vs 1 1 li . and man hos
pital superintendents' reports de
voted space to the subject. The con
sensus of opinion from scientific
thinkers on eugenics teaches that
the feeble-minded are the result of
Inherited defect. That lmprorement
may be confidently predicted tn
many, but restoration In none. That
whether defect be recessive or con
genital, tho trail of feeble-mlnded-ness
Is transmitted with certainty.
That the rate of increase by propa
gation Is more rapid than in normal
people, and that the defective class
Is a self-perpetuntlng body. That
the feeble-Minded female is about
three times as likely to mato sex
ually as the male.
No one has been found who de
preciates the menace of the feeble
minded In America. Many aro sur
prised at the sudden pending of the
evil, forgetting that heretofore they
were hidden or destroyed through
necrleet and disease, as the Insane
were, but now they are uncovered
by census and public care to mature
and multiply. All who express them
selves agree that limitation of off
spring from defectives must be ac
complished. "We believe that neither steriliza
tion nor colonization will meet the
situation alone, but the advantages
of bo'h should be Joined. It would
be Impractical for a commission to
canvass a community and compel
sterilization of Its children. The
beneficence of the colonv should first
be employed and tne advice of those
skilled In the subject procured, after
observation has been had. Now that
Intellect can be measured, youthful
genius and Imbecility need not be
confused or the Interruption of lines
of genius feared by the timid.
"Two per cent of our school chil
dren are Incapable of taking their
place In society because mentally
deficient New York City alone has
IS, 000 feeble minded children In its
schools. Allowing 500 to the colony,
this would mean thirty Institutions
for that city or thirty times more
than it now has.
"In the opinion of your commit
tee, the problem of the feeble
minded Is first In Importance of all
public questions and may never be.
solved in Its entirety. Its limitation
Is all we can hope for, because It is
so difficult for the human mind to
understand mind and recognize de
fect Against this hope stands that
semlre.lljrlous sect which h is for Its
shibboleth. Everything that Is, Is
rbcht.' that part of the Christian
church that fears the soul may ex
ist w ithout Intellect. The mental de
fect that Is covered by criminality,
and tho moron, who, because dif
ferent from his family. Is suspected
of being a Renlus until his attempts
to earn a livelihood show his de
fects as through a transparency.
"Once the relation between feeble
mindedness, crlminallt) and the les
ser derelictions can be Impressed
upon the public, then only will the
enormity of the subject become pat
ent to It and Its cost In dollars bo
appreciated. Criminals are Incar
cerated hecanse they represent dan
ger to life and property. Reform
schools are supported to turn hoys
away from a criminal manhood. The
public must learn that th.- feeble
minded propagate themselves. A
phase of mental defect not hereto
fore generally associated lias horri
fied the reading public for a year
past. Sociologists have long known
that prostlttftes as a class are men
tally deficient, so weak, in fact, that
they are colonized and rented by
keepers, receiving for themselves
scant maintenance only. The cun
ning procuress has enlisted the pro
curer, also a moral idiot, who boldly
abducts from (he streets those pli
ant enough to listen, and has Inci
dentally advertised this traffic.
"It is not low wages alone that
lies back of our vice commissions'
findings. We have no assurance
that girls who become Immoral
while earning S per week would
remain virtuous If paid $12 per
week. It is well known that the I' I
working girl is as moral as her sis- I
ters who dJTB provided tor; In itself ''
evidence that tho firs: cauao of fo
male degradation is not financial.
There s a definite relation between
a limited earning capacity and a low
wage. Any arbitrary fixed minimum
wage is a doubtful moral aid slid an
industrial ImpossiUlity . Soclolo- ;
gists searching for the cause of pov
erty have given Jit t To thought to
mental defect Alcoholism, crim
inal Instinct, environment and ava
ricious employers have each been
attacked, passing over the inherent '
organization of the individual that
craves alcohol; invites crime, selects
environment and makes him unem
ployable. "Back of it all lies mental de- j
fectiveness, the principal asset of
commercialized vice and not Its
putative parent, low wages. The In
Stltutions already built for the feeble-minded
have been deigned In
error, for the development of la
tent faculties and to graduate nor
mal citizens from your children. We
now know that these efforts have
failed because mentality was not
latent, but absent.
"Literary education of the feeble
minded Is valueless. That gained by
the defective can not compete with
tii it acquired by norm.il children
because no stability of character is
associated; but it often la an aid In
"Abstract teaching is wasted ener
gy. The defective brain may be im
pressed only by repeated bombard
ment of Its centers by Impressions
received through association of the
hands and eyes. Imitation Is the
schoolmaster of the feeble-minded
and It Is equally accessible fron?
vicious and virtuous sources."
Blight Impress the Bull.
Whistler the artist, was once
walking through a field, when sud
denly he found tht a huge bull
was making straight towards him.
He ran as he had never run be
fore. When he reached the other
side of the fence he saw a farmer,
the owner of tho field, coolly
watching the proceedings. Mr.
Whistler was furious, and shaking j.
his fist at the farmer paid:
"What do you mean. sir. by let
tine a savage dull like that roam
at large? Do you know who I aro
sir? I'm Whistler"
"Are you?" replied the farmer.
'Then what's the good of leHlng
me? Why didn't you till the
Telephone Learned From the ieaf.
Alexander Graham Bell, the In-
v ator of the telephone, hit on his
marvelous discovery while study
ing and while teaching the deaf.
At ,i dinner In Washington Pro
fessor Eell said, apropos of this
"Tea we can learn valuable
secrets from the most unlikely
sources. A Persian poet, famed
for his wisdom, was once asked
by his king where he had learned
his philosophy.
" From the blind sir ' the poet
replied 'from the blind. who
never advance a step until they
have tried the ground.' "

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