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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, February 14, 1914, 4 o'clock p.m. City Edition, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 10

Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058396/1914-02-14/ed-1/seq-10/

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! ' I:""'1 A -f " i:. ' 1 ' 1 ' Suppose both of these men i 1 1
31 '9 -t-H.Cl 3r"LlSCS ill C lYl 1 1HHB B ar -schooled well Intjhcart of busl- II
I "j "" C$ P r 1 -j nn t i q lB ' "rued on them and each' can I ffjp" 8
I flBj C" CV J. te'Xl'H lljii. BW pfifflBj EB undergoing There will no more B B -, R
jj ' I flj- "" ' "i 'a ill stand exposed .is the sun nnw HJ I - I
flj BSj "" H IB """" j gflj b fore the spectro- 9 j
j i TJ y AXA jL - -. . Wdi.... ii Wm Through the spectroscope we ran j; I s fj
if I HB :!! '' fc? ..,ff N' -SSHBBF a. EH H every element In the compost- H jj -H
I II j Jl rl Cl Cl 6 1. F-T. r' WHjHjBr " Jk' " f.' Kg -'.m tell the elements in the human j
BiSMeMienjewS J 3 L" Q jflfiBS '"K IH Wr rf,;uJ cver-v item BBji : tJM
BBBflB Kk 'M- "' man's makeup. BSMHMmBSSSSsB -
I! .4 man In .i race Is sweeter than
I pretty lauphins pirls.
I W. B. Cameron, professor In the
I medical school of Harvard Uni-
I erslty. Is sronsor for that stall--
I ment. He has analyzed thp hlood
I and tissues of angry men and pie i -
ant frlrls and has found man In tho
height of nnijer Is niuch sweeter
I than any Kir!.
Professor Cameron's Investiga
tions are in accordance with Inves
tigations of other scientists. Most of
tho9 tests have heen made with
I the X-ray photographic Instrument
j and have been made on dogs and
cats chiefly. The tissues of animals
respond to emotions the same as
J those in human beings,
I Eery emotlun causes a chemical
j change, s:iys Professor C'amenui.
The emotions ha Inp the great 3t
effect are fear and nnqer ThpC
are four noteworthy hanpes in the
human bpdy due to rage and fear
"The first Is a cessation of ac
j Clon in the stomach and Intestines,
1 and the flow of the gastric Juice; ,
1 the second Is an Increased dis-
charge of adrenalin, the fluid pn.l-
Uct of the adrenal eland, the third
I Is the olottlng of the Idood and the.
1 fourth is the marked Increase of
J sugar in th blood
if "These are iinniediate reactions
1 to outer conditions and are reflex
I responses, not of those of the will
J These lnoluntar i hanes, ausi 'I
by emotional crimes, have all prn. . l
ibb useful in different ways to the body,
so from a physiological standpoint,
at least. It may be inferred that
4 rage and fear are to some extent
I heneflcial.
1 'When digestion is stopped for
4i Instance, the blood lw cariied In
4 larger quantities in other organs,
jj and (hereby aids in preventing or-
. panic diseases Secondly, the in-
crease of sugar is an immediate
source uf muscular enarg. Tlie
a common belief that chocolate and
g other sweets ha- nutritious qual-
hies is based on this fac t.
4 'Moreover the discharge of the
w adrenalin fluid quick.lv relieves
a muscular fatigue, and It has also
'i! been known in great emotional
1 rises to have heen the source nf the
al sudHen cur -f chronic diseat
I "The rlntting of lilor.il jc (he
. Jj fourth advantage, n verv evident
. ;,fa one. though more accidentally beh-
H j eflcral than the other. It i wIiUm
3 in the state of fear or anger that
1 one is most likely ti receive bodily
. Jj. wounds, and fhr- quirk ' lotting of
I ,K the tilood prevents lo?8 of Mood.
I m "Qf these four prlncijol re.-uis
' 'Vgl f lne emotions of rag1 and fenr on
K the bodily condition ih discharge
''3 f le adrenal seems t r, lie the BTOSl
benpficial. The same effect as that
"m produced on the nervous system by
B these en)otlon.s ma) obtained by
B an injection n( the drug ad-
B renalin In the blood "
sriti;GTH GiyKN
K Professor discovery
'-. n explains, the strength of the flght-
, 9 '"R angry hoy. Man times around
the school yards one can hear the
. .9 exclamation "I (an lick you it I
' - ,,a gel good and tuad onee." Ancrer
befuddles the brain, but at th
J arne time it give? a sudden burst
' Mi ' strength, which carries tin- Rght-
a fr to victory The rhernical change
makes the difference
How thes. changes pan take
Km place in ihe bod) is readily under.
st,lfj by the cnemisi Xccordlng to
the molecular theory i which
B chemical changes art- explained,
I .' M each molecule of matter is i om-
(;' M posed of atoms. Different arrange
i'V rnnts of these atoms in the mole-
; ''u' causes different substances to
,t 3i e formed.
1 Z''$lW -Sugar for Instance, is composed
' --in f carhon hvdrogen and ogygen
' raaB grouped together in a certain mat-
'X9; tpr v'11'1"1 nnolecule The su-
cr ' ,jn broken up so that the
U'j'Jwl same substance will form carbon
dioxide and alcohol. Chemical
chances are brought about through
fffinM the Introduction of heat, light and
other agencies
'ri&B The emotion of ancer or fenr
"SB Seems to e one of these other
V!3B agencies Forrnerlv chemists 'ailed
IKt?B everytlllng sugar that had a sweet
LhB taste. Tint idea has long since
.vfcjB been exploded. Names, however.
'i'lM which were piven to substances in
.'"M 'he cays when sweetness and supar
w-'B were svnonymous. jtill cling to
KjiB them. For example, we use the
name sugar of lead. That is a rank
'vj poison. Yet sugar of lead has a
' itlm sweet taste and it was named In
S-g5B that period.
gklS Early In chemical historv It was
ragra discovered there were different
CJ kinds of sugars. Cane sugar was
ffiifSM the nrsr tn Da put B class bv
M itself. Tn 1619 it was discovered
lJfl that milk contained sugar Exam
inations proved that sugar in honey
zSSBM Is different from cane sugar and
gaBI ,f- to- WS given a different class-
HBU lticatlon
RRB Long study has been given to the
mHB emotfrs fo- Tinc ,,,t t S nnly
recently that chemists rtav- invcstl
Sated i hem with an. Idea of discov
ering what molecular changes take
place In -the human body.
The study of the emotions began
with the Kgyptians ami Greek-.
Their study Was one of imitation
more than real investigation. Ac
tors of ancient da; s lJBed to attempt
to imitate others in anje. They
used to try to get ftn appearance
tvpifylng anger. Joy. hope and all
the other phases of the humu"
mind. The actress who best couid
depict emotion was ''.ailed as the
Even today actor arc judged
chiefly by their ability to portray
the emotions The man with a pas
sive countenance is not a good sub
ject for the actor and the actor does
not waste his time trying to imitate
him. He wants to imitate real emo
tion. The character In' the book
who hides his emotions does not
reach the stage If he does the
character is - hanged. He Is forced
Into the open and made to exhibit
his character He must show what
he thinks In his face.
Artists have followed the lead of
actors and have labored to show
character In the face. Unless they
( in do so their art does not sell.
There air.- any number of artists
who ran i' " -i -.,
pa Int goo.j pictures. Ever where
photographers can take good pic
tures. The artit who can get
character in the picture Is the one
who brings the crowds to his door'
In the forest.
In photography the problem al
ways Is to et the subject to he
photographed in some expressive
position and with some expression
In the face. The picture is dull and
lifeless without the facial express
ion showing some emotion.
The artist who works with a pen
or brush must strive for the same
ideal. He must study his subject
and seek some characteristic ex
pression. Men like to have them
eelves pictured ns strong com
manding riururrs The problem of
the artist Is then to draw out their
emotions and study them so as to
paint them In some commanding
position, j,
Women like to appear young, A
wrinkled woman doesn't like to
have all her wrinkles showing She
wants youthfulness and hope' show
ing In her face. The artist has to
bring that nature of the woman out.
Of course he could go ahead and
draw the woman with her wrinkles
and then paint them out but she
"'"'ildn't look natural then. He hss
to get the kind of youthfulness that
will wear wejl on that particular
Were wo. alone In the world or
were we without ability to see each
other or get some kind of preemp
tion of each other our emotions
wpuid show more on the surfaco
than they do
An untrained child shows its full ,
emotions. The baby howls with
rage, and laughs wlth i- lt
screams with terror and Its" face
gives an expression of terror. It
looks disgusted and pleased It
looks domineering if it feels that
way. As the, child grows older lt Is
taught not to get angry Once in
whll( it gexa ananked for showing
anger; It learns to he angry with
out showing lt. It learns In time to
curb its, other emotions.
A gambler learns to wear a mask
over his face so his opponent can
not tel! what kind of a hand he has
drawn. If the child plaved at cards
he would smile with delight and
frown with disappointment accord
ing to the kind of hand he drew.
The old gamliler learns not to show
Ids feeling becauso If he does it
means he will give away the se
crets of his hand. The chemist,
however, does not need to analyze
the emotions by sight. Were It pos
sible for Muick analysis he' could
tukc a little blood or tissue and ex
amine it. He could then make his
report without difficulty.
At the present time that Is Im
practicable. Experiments are being
made with X-Ray telescopes so that
they can be turned on an object
for Immediate Impressions. There
la no doubt that science. can go even
further. It Is not at all improbable
that In the course of time we can
turn a glass on one with whom we
a.re deal. it; and see hi- Innermost
fOi lings. In that wonderful glass,
Bho il l it ever be perfected, we
could see hate. Jealousy, anger. Joy.
sm i
lion much Joy. how much fear, how
much courage and so on.
The dictograph has aided us in
hunting down criminals by getting
their conversation. This goes fur
ther. It gets men's thoughts and
emotion. It goes deeper than con
versation ever went. It would make
men stand solely on their merits.
Today we call girls sweet accord
ing to their face. If science makes
the advance lt is now promising we
will call them sweet . only after
reading their character.
Sweetness of disposition and
sweetness of substance are found to
he two entirely different things. We
have learned that a sugar fed child
may become 111 tempered. We can
readily understand why when we
"tudy chemistry only a little. Sugar
Is simply a substance formed by
certain molecular changes.
The greatest quantity of sugar
used In America comes. from cane.
Cane sugar came to Europe from
India and was transplanted In the
West Indies The Orientals knew
all about the uses of " sugar long
before the white race. In China they
boiled sugar as early as the seventh
century. When sugar first was In
troduced Into Europe it was called
cane honey. No one knows Its ex
act origin except that lt came from
that mystic country called India.
At the time of the discovery of
America, East India merchants im
ported their sugar to Italy from
whence it was reshlpped to all parts
of Europe.
In the age of discovery the Span
lards became great disseminators
sugar cultivation Cane was planted
in Maderia In 142ft. It was Carried
to San Domingo In 149 4 and from
there spread all over West Indies.
By levying dues on the sugar im
ported to Spain from San Domingo
In the early part of the sixteenth
century, the King obtained money
to build his palaces at Madrid and
Toledo. Spain wrested the great
sugar trade from Venice. In the
Middle Ages Venice had been the
great sugar market of the world.
In Venice many of the groat sugar
Inventions were made. Just before
Spain wrested the trade from
Venice by raising sugar in the West
Indies, a Venetian citizen wis given
royalties of lOO.ftOO crowns for In
venting loaf sucar.
In 1747 German scientists dis
covered sugar in the beet root. The
beet root growing Industry has
Keen Important in Germany since
that time. In America sugar beets
are grown. The advantage of beet
sugar la that It can be raised in
temperate regions and cultivated
by highly improved machinery,
('ane sugar is raised under tropical
or semi-tropical skies and all the
labor is done b negroes. Former
ly sugar was not refined on the
plantations. The raw product was
sent to Europe for refining
Sugar cane is a species of grass.
The stalks or canes resemble corn
stalks of regions further north.
Great quantities of cane are grown
In Louisiana and other Southern
States. As the canes approach ma
turity they throw out a long smooth
hollow joint termed the arrow. As
the joints ripen the leaves wither
and fall away with the stem.
Tho juice is extracted b) heing
pressed in a sugar mill between
several heavy rollers. The juice Is1
forced out by pressure The Juice
Is immediately boiled down to pre
vent fermentation.
Tobacco Foals Rears.
As a safeguard against atta kS
from angry bears, It. Chace. a
veteran trapper, recommends to
bacco In the pockets.
Ills story has its comic as well
as its near tragic side
f 'hai e ran Into a big cinnamon,
coming down the trail at full speed.
The bear struck him in the pit of
the stomach with his head, hurling
him into the underbrush and sink
ing his teeth Into his thigh. The
bear's teeth were setting deeper,
and Chace had about given up
when the bear suddenly let go. sat
up on his haunches and began to
strangle, much like a dog with a
bOne in his throat. He continued
the performance for a few seconds
then rose to his feet and started
up the mountain as fast as he could
Chace discovered a plug of chew
ing tobacco in his pocket had been
ground to a pulp and wet with the
animal's saliva. The tobacco had
evidently made him so sick that he
was glad to let go.
Value of Co-Opcraticn.
In the Northwest, at least, they
are learning that the magic word In
agriculture is eo-operation. Sir
Horace Plunkett's visit to St Paul
coincided with a report from a
state board that Minnesota now has
co-operative agencies enough; they
need only to be strengthened. This
the state University is undertaking,
through courses on co-operation,
with special training for managers.
In the sale oZ wheat the extortion
of elevator owners has led to tho
erection of more than H00 hundred
farmers' elevators. The costly
method of selling cattle through
buyers and commission men has
given way t0 (ne formation of 100
live stock shipping associations.
Three-fourths of the 864 cream
eries are co-operative, and each
ships Its product direct to New
York or Chicago More In line with
Sir Horace's work In Ireland are
twelve cow testing associations,
scores of co-operatlce breeding as-
sociatlons and hundreds of co-operative
buying agenele.

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