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H 4 THE OGDEN STANDARD, OGDEN, UTAH, MONDAY, APRIL 13, I914".
WiLUam Glasmann, Publisher. Atf INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER, (Established 1570) This paper will always fight for progress and reform, it will not know1 Ingly tolerato Injustice or corruption and will always fight demagogues of all parties; It will oppose privileged claeaes Jmd public plunderers; it will never lack sympathy with, the poor; it will always remain devoted to the public welfare and will never be sat isfied with merely printing news; It will alwaya be drastically independ' cnt and will never be afraid to attack wrong, whether committed by the rich or tho poor. I DRAG THE STREETS AFTER THE STORMS. On Saturday, David Ward White, of the split-log drag, gave a demon stration of what his simple Invention could do in the converting of poor dirt roads into good roads. The drag was employed for a short stretch on Twentieth street hill, and within a few minutes the ruts were smoothed over and a water-shedding road ere- Iated. ' At one time Ogden City, with each returning spring, caused a drag not the split-log. but one somewhat simi lar to be hauled over the dirt streets, just as the mud of winter Was dis appearing, and the results obtained were most gratifying, as all summer long the good effects were to .be seen. The city should return to that system, or, better still, adopt the White split log and drag ourstrects after each storm period. Money would-be "saved and our streets would be placed in better condition. on I CITY OF DENVER IS BOYCOTTED Denver Is a city of constant turmoil oer public affairs. No place in the country Is the same bitterness ex hibited In politics, whether state or city, and the latest uproar, which is over the water question. Is as excit ing as anything in the past. One of our contemporaries presents this his tory of the struggle there for muni cipal, ownership of the waterworks: For a good many years there has been a contest on in Denver between I the private company which owns the water plant and the city. The ma jority of the people wanted to own water supply, and the company, which was a power in politics, fought the proposition strenuously. Finally the franchise of the company expired, and the people voted to put in a new plant. Then the company offered to sell its plant to the city for $14,000, 000, The people rejected the pro posal and voted .to issue bonds to the extent of $8,000,000,' and build a plant. The company fought the bond and through the supreme court of the and through the suprmee court of the United States, and lost out. Now Denver. Is engaged in the ef fort to market its bonds, and the company has undertaken to boycott the city among investors. A banking firm In New York, City has issued a letter in which it advises people not to buy the Denver water bonds. The reason given by the bankers for the action is that .the establishment of the municipal plant would destroy the value of the privately owned system, and that it would mean the confisca-' tion of property. The supreme court of the nation passed upon thle ques tion when the bond issue was before It. That tribunal held that under the law the water company has not and never had any right to demand com pensation for its property from the city. The franchise was accepted and investments were made subject to the life of the franchise. It is manifestly not Incumbent upon Den ver to purchase the property. Wheth er or not the city should buy, de pends upon the price and condition of the plant. The letter is remark able because it is an attempt at a boycott, against which capital has fought strenuously in the courts. The New York bankers are proposing something which, if undertaken by others, would be- unmercifully con demned. It may he that Denver er red In refusing to buy the waterworks but the bankers blundered in propos ing a financial boycott. nn ABSENTEE LANDLORDS OF OGDEN "The poor man can be depended on to clean his back and front yards," said a pioneer to a Standard man. "but what of the big vacant lots of Ogden, owned by the well-to-do and by absentee landlords? They are un sightly and will remain so, even after our boys and girls today, tomorrow and all this week have done their full share. The Standard should start a campaign to Induce the owners of vacant lots to do their part in this cleanup. Why not set the agents of one of these absentee owners of dirty lots, to pose for a picture. There arc a number of places where the man, all but the upper part of his face, might be hid from view by the accumulations of a quarter of a cen tury." The pioneer, who, by the way, has made his impress on- Weber county in a thousand beneficial ways, was assured that this paper would not overlook his excellent suggestion, and. beginning today, the Standard will urge on all owners of empty lots the necessity of participating In this movement to make Ogden a cleaner city. Those who build should not be alone obligated to cleanup the city. The work of applying the hoe and the rake, should extend to every person who has a dollar's worth of property here or who participates in the pleas: ure of living in a city that should be one of the purest, most beautiful on earth. FLOOD THAT BENEFITS NO ONE. Thf Ogden river is a turbulent stream these days. The flood waters of a thousand little streams ar roar ing through Ogden canyon, and pass ing the portal of the gorge, are flow ing on to the Great Salt Lake, there to serve no good purpose. This flood stream totals millions of cubic feet of water, that, if stored, could be made to Irrigation thousands of acres of. farm land in the dry days of July and August. The old song relates how the mill can never grind with the water that has passed, and once the snow, stored by winter storms in the deep ravines, be moved down from the mountains ' to mix with the salt of the lake, it Is impossible to make use of that ' moisture, which nature has so abund- 1 1 'if I SUITS I I TWO-PIECE THREE-PIECE I I N0RF0LKS SUITS I I I $12.50 $15.00 I H Full line, of men's and Latest cuts in sack suits I H young mens sizes every a fine quality terge. antly placed at our command. On Friday last 200 feet of road bed of the Ogden Rapid Transit com pany's canyon line was damaged by the flood, so that instead of the wa ter serving man's purposes, as It would, if properly directed, the stream destroyed man's handiwork. The flood teaches the necessity of a storage reservoir on the head waters- of the Ogden river, which, at the time of. high water, could regulate the flow of the stream while con serving the winter precipitation for summer use. JUDGE ATTACKS ASSOCIATED PRESS NEWS SERVICE On April S, Judge George Dayton of the United States court for the northern district of West Virginia, in charging the federal grand jury, said: "The Associated Press is the larg est and most Influential news agency in the world. This gigantic monopoly Is selling the news to thousands of newspapers, and this service, in stead of being news In a fair and Im partial manner, is made to serve per sonal and selfish purposes." This statement is viewed by those familiar with the Associated Press as a prejudiced opinion of a judge wholly unfamiliar withe organiza tion. The editor of the Sacramento Bee, who is one of the directors of the Associated Press, points out the error, saying: "If Judge Dayton had made even casual Inquiry he would have found the Associated Press not only docs not sell news, but is not permitted by Its charter to do so. or to make any profit from conduct of Its busi ness. "It is permitted only to collect for and distribute to its own members, the news of the world, and to appor tion the expenses incurred to those members on an agreed assessment plan. "The same casual inquiry would have convinced him that the news report of the Associated Press, be cause of Its method of organization, cannot be used "to serve personal and selfish purposes," aud must nec-, essarily be as fair and Impartial as is possible to obtain under human conditions. "The Associated Press is composed Of over S00 members, representing the most diverse opinions and inter ests In all matters handled by the report, each one watching It dally to see that those interests are not un fairly presented, and prompt to com plain, If, through the carelessness or disloyalty of an employe, they are. "And to enforce impartial handling of the news, each member has the benefit of his own full vote, the ma chinery of his circuit, the Advisory Board of his division and the power of the directors, one or more of whom come from his division. "It will be a sorry day for the free Institutions of this country when a general news agency conducted on the lines of the Associated Press ceases to exist and the public is forc ed to base its opinion of all import ant matters entirely on the news re ports prepared by private interests." nn TOO MUCH MYSTERY OVER FOREIGN AFFAIRS There Is a demand for more light on the canal tolls question, and nei ther Bryan nor any member of Pres ident Wilson's official family is re sponding to that demand, although the secretary of state yesterday at tempted an explanation. Even Sena tor Lodge left us in the dark. The Omaha Bee points out how the people have been left in the dark, saying: I "In the preliminary' discussion of the canal tolls question, which is now going on in the senate, Senator Lodge, ranking Republican member of the committee on foreign relations, and who has been intimately familiar with those relations for almost a generation, declared that he had no doubt whatever of our right under the treaty to exempt not only our coastwise ships, but all kour ships from tolls, but that, "in view of the delicate position in -which the coun try finds Itself in its foreign rela tions," we had better repeal the ex emption. "In taking that position, the sen ator advises his countrymen to sur render a valuable right to which he declares we are entitled, because, if we do not, some evil will befall us. "To escape that evil, whatever it is, the senator advises that we back down. "That makes the situation serious. There might be some reason in ask ing repeal on the ground that our previous interpretation of the treaty was wrong, but not then until after a moBt vigorous presentation of the American view, such as would dem onstrate our own sincerity and good faith. "But there is no reasoning in sup port of the position of Senator Lodge, except the assumption that the nation is in danger from ,6ome power or com bination of powers 'stronger than our selves, and which will enforce against us some policy which we do not like unless we buy off by surrendering that to which we are entitled. "Now, if that is the situation, the publio is entitled to know the facts to the last detail. There Is generally ' g6od reason for withholding from the public the progress of international discussion of controversial topics lest the people on both sides become un duly excited, and the countries drift into unfriendly relations and perhaps war. Our war with Spain, for exam ple, was a people's war which the governments could-not prevent.' "But if anything i$ to be said, it ebould all be said. The vague warn ing of the .president In his message, now re-enforced by the equally ex plicit and equally vague declarations of Senator Ldge, has created a sit. uatlon more dangerous than could ap parently exist If the public knew all that the president and his advlsert know. The situation can hardly be made worse, and would almost cer lalnly be made better if all the fact? were public property. "In a general way, the public ma suspect that the difficulties which, confront the president are related tc our relations with the Latin-Americar states, under what Is officially call ed "our traditional policy," or to th( question whether we shall determine for ourselves what classes or racee of aliens we will admit to residence among us or both. "But, whatever the difficulties, th public Is entitled to know them and also to be Informed in what way and for what reason the situation will be mended by the surrender of a right which we believe to be ours and which can be exercised without in jury to others. If we are to back down, we are entitled, to know why." TO AN ENGLISH SPARROW THAT DISTURBS MY MORNING SLUMBERS. Bold buccaneer from over the sea, A wicked freebooter that' sly; With property notions as free As a cyclone's, let down from the sky! Like a Nihilist, out for a lark With pockets of dynamite flll'd, And conduct prodigiously dark, So happy if somebody's killed! In the sunshine that kisses the bud, Or hid In the velvety leaves, Thy hysterical cries freeze the blood Of the featherless under the Oaves! Thou rowdy of courage and skill, With mouth like a buzz.saw to bite; Thou lover or ruffian at will. And a nasty old band in a fight! Thou chatterbox, brazen and bold. Hatched blustering, noisy and mad, With a voice like the brawl of a scold, And a meddlesome tongue that is bad! j Thou pirate from Albion's clm? With a lexicon crammed full of words ; Blasphemer, and jfenius of crime, A braggart and bluffer of birds! Thou 'rt home on the lawn of the king, Or a fenceless or tennantless lot, Thou moveth to mirth when you sing, And are sociable when we are not! O, thy cheek would stagger belief, And thy game not easily beat. A scavenger worse than a thief, And a soul swelled with strut and conceltl The pomp and the brass in thy skin Are a foolish and profitless guide, Nor knoweth those vices are sin, That a toad has more reason for pride! O, yof, 'twas an uncommon Right, And worthy the boasts of a spar row, Thy march to the realms Of night, With cock robin, a spade, and a barrow! From Dr. Condon's Book of Poems. a INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN TO THE JURY W JUDGE HOWELL (Continued from Page 1) I another place at the time of the com mission of the crime. The court in structs the jury that such a defense i6 as proper and legitimate as any other, and that the evidence offered upon that subject should be consid ered by you in the same manner that you consider the other evidence in the case. "The court charges you that the de fendant is not required to prove this defense beyond a reasonable doubt before he is entitled to acquittal, nor Is he required to prove it by a pre ponderance, or the greater weight of the evidence, but that t ib sufficient if, when considered with all the other evidence in the case, it creates a reasonable doubt In your minds as to the guilt of the defendant; in other words, if upon a consideration of all ! the evidence in the case, including that offered in support of the alibi, th jurors entertain 'a reasonable doubt of the guilt of the defendant, he Is entitled to a verdict of acquit tal. No Other Crimes Involved. "The court charges you that the crime charged in the information and that which is included within the in formation, as you have been hereto fore instructed, is the only crime for which the defendant is on trial in this cause, and you are not concerned with any other crimes, nor would you be justified In finding the defendant guilty, even though you are convinced that he committed some other crime. The court further charges you that : the evidence in relation to other crimes. If any, which has heen. intro duced In this cause, was introduced merely for the purpose of showing the common plan, motive and method un der which the crime in question was committed, If you find that any is shown by such evidence, and for the purpose of identifying the party or parties participating in the perpetra tion of said crime, if you find that said crime has been committed, and for no other purpose, that js to say such evidence of any crime, if any, other than the one for which the de fendant is now on trial, should not be considered by y6u in arriving at your verdict as to whether or not the defendant committed the crime in' question, Only insofar as such evidence may aid you, if It does aid you, in de termining the Identity of the. party or parties who committed the crime charged In the information, if you find such crime was c6mmitted. Proof of G,o4 CharacUr. "In this case, the court charges you that the defendant has offered proof as to his previous good character, and the court chargis you that in deter- B be more Dust Proof? Dirt p keeps out dampness water even the air. Every thing undesirable is kept completely away from the fresh pure beneficial dainty inside. Bv your teeth, digestion, breath and wfik -: I t I Jr iy cents at most dealers. m H d y Each box contains twenty 5 cent H ji packages. They stay fresh until used. m H II Chew it after every meal " m I Wa Be SURE it's clean, pure, H M healthful WRIGLEY'S. ? Look for the spear. K mining his guilt or Innocence you should consider this evidence offered of good character, together with all the evidence in the case, and If. after consideration of all the evidence you entertain a reasonable doubt, or if the evidence of good character alone when considered in connection with the other evidence as aforesaid pro duces or creates a reasonable doubt In your minds of the guilt of the de fendant, then he is entitled to the benefit of such doubt and should be acquitted. "If you shall believe that any wit ness has wilfully testified falsely as to any material fact In the case, you are at liberty, but not required, lo disregard the whole of the testimony of such witness, except insofar as he may have been corroborated by cred ble witnesses or creditable evidence in the case. "In case there is a conflict in the testimony of the witnesses, It is your duty to reconcile such conflict Insofar as you can, but it is still for you to determine for yourselves what the ul timate truth of the case Is. "The defendant in this case has tes tified before you in. his own behalf, this being a right which the law gives to him, and you are instructed that you have no right to disregard his testimony upon the ground that he is the defendant and stands charged with the commission of a crime. In judg ing of the credibility and weight of his testimony, you should apply to It the same tests and standards that you apply to the testimony of any other witness who has appeared before you. Not Influenced by Rumor. "It Is your duty to consider the evidence all together fairly, impar tially and conscientiously. You Should arrive at your verdict solely upon the evidence introduced before you upon the trial. Yo.u should not consider nor be influenced by any evidence offered, but not admitted by the court, nor any evidence stricken out by the court or withdrawn by counsel. "You should not consider or be in fluenced by any rumor or expressions of opinion you may have heard or read out of court, nor by the fact, if you believe it to be a fact, that a public sentiment exists in favor of or against the defendant. You should not consider nor be Influenced by any statements of court or counsel as to what the evidence is, unless they state it correctly, nor by any state ment of court or counsel of facts not shown by the evidence, nor by any statements of counsel as to what the law governing this case is, unless such statements comport with the law as herein enunciated. "Theae instructions arc to be con sidered and construed together as a whole; each instruction should be read ' and understood with reference to, and a,t a part of, the entire charge, and not as though each Instruction) was intended to present the whole law of the case on any particular point. "You are the exclusive judges ol the facts proven, of the credibility of the witnesses', of the weight and the effect of the evidence, and of the inferences to be drawn therefrom I and in determining these matters you are to exercise your best Judgment based upon your experience in life as men, and your knowledge of the mo'tives which influence persons In their statements. You have a right to take into consideration the conduct and manner of the witnesses while testifying before you, their Intelli gence and means of observation, their opportunities to know and capacity to remember and to state the facts to which they testif), their interost or lack of Interest. If any has been shown, in the result of the trial, their H prejudice or bias, if any has been !H shown, the state of mind of any wit ness at the time of the occurrence of the things about which he has tes- iS tified, insofar as the evidence enables fl you to judge It, and the probability S or improbability of the truth of these S statements, in view of all the other S evidence. 9 "You are not bound to believe the JjB testimony of any witness, or any num- J: ber ofilwitnesses. You are to search IjM for the truth, believing only such tes- -jfl timony as carries conviction of its 9 I truth to your minds." ffl 1 1 "thTw biregt ""'"if I 1 1 the affairs of a Bank are important factors in 11 i II 1 1 determining its Safety and Efficiency. II ; j 1 1 The Directorate of the Commercial National II 11 I Bank is composed of men widely known for II ; Ml 1 1 their business ability, financial standing and 1 1 y-' 1 1 They are men who give their active, person- I 1 11 al supervision to every department of the Jjl I Price Mucwfl j I on WET WASH to three cents per pound on all tJLnclles , received after Tuesday of each week. 1 i ' Ilet uc help you clean house by caring for yoW. rugS f and curtains. v j j Ogden Steam Launmry