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THE STANDARD MAGAZINE SECTION OGDEN, UTAH, JUNE 1914,
I UNCLE SAM S ' KiNDNESSOBMi ; BY WILLIAM RIES. il e ew remaining Indian in the Vl United Statees are withering Into I fes extinction through t ho agency of ':i$m that most deadly scourge, the White- I V'ij! Plague. 1r . v3i The one dominant and virile inas- H I : I ters of the Western Hemisphere, H who roamed at will recognizing only the boundaries of the seas, H i-fig now are perishing of tuberculosis i'J lr' their little cabins and farm W &j bouses within the confines of gov- em men t reservations. ;i : 58 Tne tepee, that healthful abode I tti tneir own making, has given way - . f.S to the permanent houses prescribed I af y tne lnvatlers. Tuberculosis and I th residence of civilization have jgfga' been to the Indian what powder ; Rnr firearms were to the wild game ' tJle 'ores,!l' an the Indian la I 3 following In the footsteps of the I ym buffalo. fill The torm of llvlnc p suddenly '. H thrust upon a race who for thou- O sand of vears knew no infection ir I H disease and whose roof was the Yj kin of a deer or a thatch of reeds, J a8 tieen disastrous to the red man. I I Infection introduced by the whites has been responsible for the con stantly increasing death rate among 1 the Indians. J This alarmlnsr condition Is re- I veaJed by Cato Sells. United States I Commissioner of Indian Affairs, m his annual report to the Secretary of the Interior. The report Is ton- , j lalned In a 300 page volume Which J treats of the Indian, his progress, 4. thrift, diligence, and his deplorable s health conditions. s-' S Tuberculosis for many vears has I I heen steadily tightening Its bold on I u nis unfortunate race and has i . ' rained such headway that at the 'V "I present stage, heroic efforts and an I f normoU8 expenditure will be neces- iV a eary to save the decendants of the -ij aborigines to posterity. wAS While millions of dollars are ex Tended annually hv the government jfifj for the education of the Indian, lit tie Is done to safeguard his health or ne,P him In his fight against tu- HgW berouloela and inevitable extinction. TO More than $85,000,000 has been gg spent sine 1S76 for colleges and Sgjl schools that he might be as well gnB educated as his white brother. The KS slight attention given to the men- Hg nnclng health problem is scored by R9 Warren K Moorohead, formerly a Kg member of the United States Board fjm Indian Commissioners, after an sm Investigation at the Instance of an Indian protective society. E "Education is of little value to H Indians who are dying of mnsump' 9 Hon," he said. "The health ques- $9 tlbn la much more vital than the BhI educational problem, yet It Is ex- JB tremely difficult to secure adequate H .appropriations. el smat.l sri FOR H MEDICAL STAFF. WjM "'t was with the greatest diffl- M culty that members of the board Ql persuaded the Senate Committee to Si Iiut the Indian Rill, nn Item of H 126.000 for the Increase of the H medical staff working among the B Indians This amount should have H hecn $1,000,000. but we were thank- gj; fill to secure the sum granted." Hi The alarming extent of this infee- HJj Uon can not be over estimated; hardly a family or a home bring exempt from one or more cases To quote the Commissioner's startling report ; "I find the health conditions among the Indians are deplorable. Under the Jurisdiction of this bu reau there are approximately 25, 000 Indians, suffering from tuber- ulOSla Available Indian hospital facilities for all these patients, adults and children, will not exceed 300 beds. "During the last fisscal year. 1, B05 Indians were reported as hav ing died from tuberculosis. This Is probably not more than 75 per cent of the total number of Indians who have died from this disease during the present fiscal year, which means tha't the death rate Is in creasing one third every year. "The death rate amonp Indians Is .12.2 4 per thousand, while the Cen sus Bureau gives sixteen per thou sand outside the reservations" What it is that has brought a strong anil virule people to this con dition Is a problem that has puz zled scientists and medical experts since the disease became so preva lent among the red men? Was It that their constitutions were unable to withstand the rav ages of infection brought across the water by the white man. or was It the mi. bb -n hange In their mode of living demanded by civilization? In the old life the Indians were a strong and healthful people. The constant roaming demanded hard labor and kept their habitations sanitary. With the Invaders came the infectious diseases that found the unprepared constitution of the Indian so susceptible to their de structive Inroads. Now that the ideals of the mod ern civilization are strictly com plied with, and the Indian lives In a cabin or bunk-house, the dread scourge finds him an easy prey, it is well known that the frequency Of tuberculosis cases In the open country is twice that of the con gested sections of the city This laid to the fact that the systems of city dwellers have been strength ened in the power to throw off dis ease germs through constant con tact and exposure. By the samy token is the Indian unable to com bat successfully , a disease that is Mm I VERM1N COST UNITED STATES MILLIONS OF DOLLARS EACH YEAR Many popular beliefs on medical M subjects seem to be based on in- H Btlnct without any facts to Justify H them, yet Increasing knowledge in H new fields frequently Justifies opln- ions Which have been held for cen H turles. Kats. mice, files, inos- H cjultoes and the various forms df body parasites have always been held in contempt and disgust, and always and everywhere have been regarded as vermin. Growing j knowledge of the important role played by those lowerorma of ani- mal life in the I ran: mission of dla I ease U ample Justification for this Hf; feeling. The attention which has been failed to parasites and scavengers ft tVe human race haa resulted In l'crniUtratlng another reason why H rnanklna jaa alwajs abhorred them. They ar an exceedingly expensive luxur,. The Journal of the Amerl- Hi . an Medical Association . ..minents H n a recent article in tho t'arm snd Vlroji.lc mhtrh rimruai thS amount of damage done In this country by rate, and estimates that there are in the United States at least 300,000,000 of these animals, alike destructive to property and dangerous to health. Kats arc said to destroy a hundred million dol lars' worth of grain every year In this country, or enough to feed oru hen for every man. woman and ( blld in the nation. The annual cost of rats to the nation is esti mated hi $:!fi0,000.00o. In addition, the rat population of the country forms fertile' field for the dissemination of bubonic p u which only needs a starting point In any of our neaportg to spread hroughout the country and cause the los of thousands of lives. In the same Usuc of the Farm and Kireslde. but in a different de partment, appears an aVticle on the . rtttlo tick. In which It Is estimated i hat the difference between the mar ket value of an animal free from this parasite and one infected with It Is about $8 a cow, and that the i ii tie tick is toda i e-t Ing I b ato li -men of the country a billion dothus each decade, or a hundred million dollars each year. The discovery and development of bacteriology showed that man ha.l been carrying m for centuries an unconscious struggle with the lower forms" of vegetable life Recent additions to our knowledge of the habits and characteristics of vermin show that nn equally relentless struggle has been going on between man and tbo l"W.er forms of animal life. Leuiguajce f wiiiinm the Conqueror Still SMUi n In Cliarim-I Islands. The Channel Islands where 'hi re Is still in everyday use a patois almost identical with the Norman French spoken by William the Con queror are the home of other lualnt antiquarian relics. A local politician whose election as Jural had been annulled by the , royal court of the Island on the ground of h'.s having been sentenced to a term of Imprisonment some years ago, knelt bare-headed at the entrance to the Courthouse and ex claimed: "Hare! llaro! Haro! a l'alde, mon prince, on me fait tort." The effect of this appeal, techni cally called the '"clamcur de Haro," Is to stay proceedings until the peti tioner's case has been heard. In modern times the cry has most frequently been raised to in terrupt building operations on land to Which the title is disputed much to the annoyance of unsuspecting t rangers who have settled In the Islands Without being nware of this curious tradition. Popular etymol osry explains "Haro" as an abbrevi ation of "Ha! Rollo," thus making rho cry a direct appeal to the first Duke of Normandy. Mr. Lloyd George, after distribut ing prizes at a school, said he hoped the children would have a pood record when he came again. Thereupon thev ros, and with one accord said. "Sanaa to you, sir." 0 ; comparatlvly new to his constitu tion. Under these circumstances, it would be supposed that the white brother would do all in his power to alleviate the suffering caused by an infection of his introduction, but t on the contrary those connected with the Indian Service report that it Is most difficult to obtain aid f r. .in the authorities. Apparently, he Impression generally enter tained, is that we are repaying the Indian lor the loss of his vast do- main by education aed mainte nance. A pathetic appeal to the gradu ates leaving the Carlisle Indian .School by a young Indian girl teach er, entreating them to tako up the task of saving their race will serve to show how the condition Js viewed by the Indians themselves. "The intelligent and effective con trol of tuberculosis among our peo ple is of the greatest importance to the graduates leaving our school, in that it has to do with our very ex istence as mortals No matter whit our intellectual attainments and ef ficiency may be. without healthy bodies we are a dead people. "Listen! This is a call and it Is imperative. We are dying. I en treat you, study medicine and sani tation and thereby save us, your people from eternal ruin. MINDS DO NOT GRASP SITUATION. "Are your ears so deaf that these frantic death groans do not move you to resolve immediately that such conditions shall not exist In the future? Are your minds so blank that you do not realize and grasp the situation" The obligation is thrust upon you by those that are your own. "If the Indian race Is to be rid of this killing Influence, this cancer that Is forever preying upon our mortal lives, Indians must become doctors, doctors with racial sym pathy for their stricken brothers. They must, by urgent necessity and bounden duty, be responsible for the intelligent control of this dis ease, this demon of death that has been devouring our people by the thousands. "Now is the accepted time. Re solve to take up the study that will deliver your people. We are doomed. Mir future shall bo In the footsteps of the Buffalo, If we permit these fatal shameful conditions to exist. It Is high time that we take effec tive steps to stamp out these hor rible conditions that will obliterate us and efface us from the earth. Thirty-five deaths In a thousand spells eternal doom and oblitera tion for the Indian." An examination of all the Indian children of school age revealed that 90 per cent were Infected with tu bercular germs. Although this does not mean active cases, it Indicates th.- excessive inciden-e of the dis , much of which ' nder the pres ent conditions will become active. What he terms an Illusion as to the condition of the Indian, created by magazine articles, was scored by Commissioner Moorehead after he had completed his investigation anions: the Indians. In his report he said: "Nothing la further from the truth than the statement that th Indian Is better off todav than In the days 0 SgPt - sSfs sV ' v T OP. left Patagonian tribe of Indians in camp. At extreme right Typical Indian home of the better class. Next row Angel De Cora Deitz, in structor of native art, Car lisle Indian School; sunset after the council of war; Cato Sells, U. S. Commis sioner of Indian Affairs. Bottom row Delaware In dian baby asleep for the niht; Kiowa mother and child; a Moki maiden in her best dress. ' of Lewis and Clark. Individuals are better off but the Indian nation is not. I ohserve with great regret articles published In apparently re liable magazines which state that the Indian problem is virtually set tled. Thousands and thousands of persons who read such articles nat urally conclude that the Indians are as capable and as distinguished as are certain Individuals cited as exa rn pies. 'While the authors of these stories write them with the best in tentions, yet to those of us who are in the thick of the flcrht, they may ome as most unfortunate and In opportune. Far be It from me to discourage optimism, i am not by nature a pessimist, but if we are to save the American Indian, we must count on tho entire citizen body of the United States. When the best class of people In this country are informed that the Indians as a whole are healthful and prosperous when Just the reverse Is true, much injury is done the cause for which so many men and women are un selfishly striving." Pome work has been done on the various reservations that promises the amelioration In a taeasure of the frightful conditions that now pre vail. Lectures have been prepared and delivered with stereoptlcon slides and movlncr pictures instruct ing the Indian how to improve his living conditions. An appeal has been sent out to him to take every precaution against the spread of any disease he may have. These lectures have been well attended and the Interest displayed prcves that the Indian Is more than will ing to do his part if cooppratlon Is offered in the shape of adequate hospitals and medical attendants. Many plans have already been worked out fo- the government to follow. Stammering Causrd by Carelessness of Mother. An Interesting lecture was given at the Polyclinic Hospital by Dr. fj Hudson Makucn. on the reasons for defective speech and the men tal progress of the child when It learns to speak. "Most cases of stammering." he said, "are to a reat extent tho fault of the mother. She talks too fast and the child tries to Imitate, but Is unable to do so. because Its muscles and brain will not work fast enough. Thus It starts to say a word and has to wait for the image to complete Itself In the brain before it can finish It. While waiting It makes a repetition of ths first sound. "In all cases of defective speech we find that the real cause Is that the brain receives no auditory 'mages. Thuc the person does not know what he says when he makes sounds with, hie mouth. .