OCR Interpretation

The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, July 13, 1914, 4 P.M. City Edition, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058396/1914-07-13/ed-1/seq-8/

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Good Flock of Plymouth Rock,
j 1 rogard green feed as absolutely
necessary to the welfare of poultry,
old and young. Where fowls are kept
J confined It must be 6upplied to them,
and where they have full liberty it
may bo fed to them with profit during
the months when vegetation is some
what burned by the heat
Throw out a lot of fresh lettuce
leaves where the liens can get it, and
they will eat It up clean Cabbage
Stumps thrown out to the hens will
be picked clean, even where the hens
run at large
Those w-ho must keep their hens
confined will find that a small plot of
rape -will furnish a large quantity of
green feed during the summer.
( It will be large enough to begin cut-
There are many old fields that have
oeen thrown out years ago, and have so
grown up with scrub timber green
briers and other filth that it looks to
be almost an Impossible undertaking
to reclear them.
: If it is undertaken to kill them by
grubbing out briere and bruh it is in
deed a hard job, and the briers will
Bprout for years, but, if the brush is
hacked down and let dry, then burned
over, the land can be effectually
cleared by pasturing It with cattle and
A few years ago I had a field over
grown with green briers and pine
There were patches of green brier so
dense that it was impossible to get
through them, let alone grub them out
These thickest patches were burned
through. The fire killed other briers
then in a few months they, too, would
burn, so I made it a rule that when
ever I found a patch of preen brier
dry enough to burn I would set fire to
pines were all cut down and as
soon as they got dry, they, too, were
The briers were kept down by the
stock grazing o er them.
Whenever a yoaDg brier appeared it
was ripped up. By the end of the third
rear the brier roots were all rotted and
the pine stumps were pretty well rot
ted so that the land could be plowed.
The old notion that chicks must be
all out of the way by July has been
largely driven out partly by the in
cubator, which Is willing to work at
all seasons; partly by the poultry
raiser, who finds that there is less
feed to buy when the bugs and worms
are most plentiful
As we have learned better how to
raise the flock and keep them grow
ing fast, the old problem of having
pullets ready to lay in fall is more
easily approximated, even though the
chicks do not emerge from the shell
during a snowstorm
Summer chicks must ha's e a little
extra care in keeping the feeding
board and drinkiDg fountain clean;
they must also have plenty of shade,
but in several ways they can better
, ting in fhe or six weeks and as soon
as it Is cut off w ill throw up new shoot.-,
thus renewing itself constantly, so the
same ground may be cut over time j
! after time.
Lettuce or dandelions make a very
good green feed for laying hens or
' growing chicks. There seems to be
some medicinal property about both j
these vegetables which promotes good
health In the fowls
Roth are easily grown and furnish
la good supply of feed If the tops are
cut off instead of pulling the plants
out by the roots when gathering the i
; feed
Turnips and beet tops, mustard. Dea
vines, and all other tender green stuff !
will be relished, and saAe much feed
of a more costly kind
care for themselves than during the
spring months
If they are liberally fed morning
j and night after they get nicely feath
ered on' they are readv to hunt up
j the numerous seeds of early autumn
grasses which do no good to the farm
er, but rather the reverse, though
I they put plenty of flesh and
j muscle into the chick
Crowd them with as much pains as
if they were early, and the extra waste
grain and Infers will help them along
: amazingly.
You will have little wet weather
with which to contend
Even if they are not quite ready to j
commence laying in November, they
will be among the best workers in
the flock during spring and the less
ened cost o'f production will offset
the winter eggs that may be lacking
Let them run in the orchard when
little, and gie them plenty of fresh
water, and they will thrive
Kill weeds on the lawn by either
, pulling or cutting off the plant below
the crown.
Don't mow- the lawn too closel"
' during the heated term, but do not
! allow weeds to go to seed.
Deep working, thorough pulverlza
i tion. effective fertilization and a
thorough raking and rolling down to
a smooth level are all necessary to a
j smooth, level lawn,
j Get your lawn seeds of a reliable
, seedsman and ask for the best and
' the freshest Don t use old seed left
over from last year, but insist on hav
ing it fresh and of a good mixture.
The best time to seed a lawn Is
during the latter part of August, or
the early part of September. At that
season, the heat is over and showers i
are almost sure to come, and the !
young grass will have several months !
f of cool, moist weather in which to
grow before winter.
J As soon as the Icmbs are weaned
I the thin ewes should be separated
from the flock and given a little graln
twice a day until they are in good con
dltlon again. They will not be apt to
breed this fall unless this precaution
is taken to insure their being in
! thrifty condition.
I Why not take the boy into partner
j ship In your farming' The son of a
good man and a good farmer should
, mak" a desirable- partner
II If you expect to sell hogs at fancy
prices you must produce fancy hogs.
Too many breeders are content with a
fancy pedigree, expecting the blood
lines of the animal to carry it into
While it is very essential that an
animal have a desirable pedigree it is
all the more essential that the animal
itself possess individual merit
A well-known Illinois breeder of
Poland Chinas says that he has had
I the best trade the past six months
that he ever enjoyed, and the prices
he received have been very satisfac
tory. As soon as breeders of pedigreed
hogs come to a full understanding that
I the animal produced must possess
greater merit in connection with the
pedigree, then the people will readily
pay a good price for it, regardless of
whether or not public demand is strong
for such animals.--A. T. S.
Poland China Hog.
1 m
Timber Land Nee
Farmers of the central and eastern
states are now seeing the need of re
placing the timber lands that were so
needlessly destroyed In order to se
cure more land for cultivation and as
a method of securing money by cut
ting into lumber and other materials
Now this same timber is wanted to
replace farm buildings and then in
the building of fences.
Thoughout the central west, good
fence posts can only be had lrom lum
ber dealers, who sell cypress and ce
dar posts at prices almost beyond the
reach of the small farm owner.
Many are now planting timber for
a future supply. In planting, many
plant the calalpa. Others are plant
ing Osage orange, but It is a slow
growing tree and has the fault of
growing crooked, with short trunks
and over much top
The tree that gives the bert results
with little care after planting Is the
black locust. It does well on any
soil, wet or dry. It is a quick grower
and when planted thick, say six feet
each way, the trees will grow tall
with but little top, and will, at the
end of five years, be ready for the
first thinning out
At this time all stunted trees should
be worked up, and from this time on.
ground thus planted will furnish ma
terial for posts as each year more
thinning must be done
In 15 years the trees will be largo
enough to make four posts to the cut
and many of them will make three
to five post cuts, with some round
posts In the top.
The black locust is also a fine tree
for planting about the house and barn.
When planted in the open it forms a
dlessly Destroyed.
beautiful tree, having a thick, heavy
foliage, retaining Its leaves through
out the sumer. and in the early spring,
has an abundance of sweet-smelling
white flowers.
When young, it is well protected by
thorns, making it a tree that can be
grown In a pasture or stock lot with
out being damaged by stock
Next to the black locust for quick
returns, Is the white mulberry With
this tree on rich soil, only four to five
years are required to grow thorn large
enough for use, but they seldom make
over one post length to the tree, and ;
should all be cut at the end of the
seventh year, as they will soon re
place themselves, from two to five
shoots sprouting from the 6tump.
If left to grow longer than 6even '
years, they will commence putting out
limbs near the ground, spoiling the
growth already made.
All land owners should plant some
kinds of trees. There s always some
waste land about the farm, some hill
side or swamp that is not cultivated,
which if planted to some kind of tim
ber, would soon return a profit and
would also lmproe the looks of the
There has been much discussion in
the agricultural press concerning the '
best investments for farmers In my
opinion there Is no better or safer in
vestment for the average farmer, than
tile drainage on such parts of the
farm as fp.il to produce maximum
crops during wet seasons.
There are many acres of naturally
I fertile soil that are not paying the
1 owner the C03t of working, that could
bo made the most productive portion
of the farm, if a good system of under
draining were put in
In many cases the first crop will pay
the entire cost of drainage Of course
many farmers are so situated that
they cannot afford to put in the com
plete drainage system at one time.
My advice to such men is to have
their plans made at one time, and do
a little every year. In this way their
work will not be haphazard, discon
nected efforts, but will fit Into a pre
viously worked out system and form a
permanent part of It.
A work bench well stocked Is a
modern farm necessity.
I 1 I
Three-Year-Old Catalpas Grown for Fence Posts on a Farm in Illinois.
A Fine Flock of Ducklings.
Change the pens of the ducks and1
sow the unused ground with rye or
ba rley.
To fatten ducks do not allow them)
to have access to a swimming pool,
as the exercise of swimming keeps '
them down.
The ground and duck pen should be
disinfected every spring and fall by
digging up and sowing green crops.
Feed and water ducks at the same
time. You will notice that they take
a sip of water after every two or
three bites of food.
Young ducks are extremely nervous j
and cannot stand undue excitement
Keep the dogs and strangers away
from them
A light placed in the roosting quar
ters will keep the ducks quiet at
Young ducks should be ready for
market at ten weeks uld. No profit in
feeding them after thai
Never set duck eggs under a duck
they are poor mothers. Put them
under a large hen.
Provide plenty of shelter for the
youngsters to which they can run dur
ing sudden storms.
The water troughs should be deep
1 11 1 r - -
enough to allow the ducks to plunge
' their heads entirely beneath the sur-
1 face.
If there is any difference, the duck
runs should be kept cleaner than the
chicken yards.
Round up the young ducklings before
the storms Sometimes they will sit
on the ground with their bills open
, wide, pointing upward, during heavy
storms and drown
It is claimed by those who have
tried it that a cross of Muscovy drake
on Pekln ducks will produce sterile
' progeny.
Boil a large handful of hops in two
quarts of water, then strain, scald two
cups of flour with the water, stirring
constantly to keep It from forming
lumps Add a large handful of salt,
same of sugar tablespoon of ginger.
Let cool until milk warm, then stir in
two yeast cakes, dissolved In water.
Let rise over night, early the next day
stir thick with corn meal aDd let rise
once more. Put on a board, knead in
more meal if needed, roll to less than
a half-inch, cut In pieces as large as
two yeast cakes side by side Put on
a board; dry In the shade, as the sun
will sour It. Turn often, put in a sack
and hang up to keep
Plant evergreens to induce the birds
to come early and 6tay late. Trees of
this class form the best protection
from the storm. ,
r a D
- . -
Good Road, Help in Ev.ry W.y-Boin , AM. to Haul Over Road. Rduc
h r.n&t of Delivery.
Pad roads are an extravagance that
no farming community can afford. Just
what they cost in unnecessary ex
pense, it takes but a moment to detcr
' mine
A team and driver is reasonably
worth $2 a day. and by the use of
1 these it Is possible to deliver to mar
ket, from your home, 100 bushels of
corn. Hauling over good roads, the
cost of delivery Is three cents per
bushel. But. if In consequence of bad
roads but 50 bushels can be delivered,
The currant-v. orm. working with
equal relish upon either currant or
gooseberry bush, always works up
ward. As soon as the first lower leaves are
attacked, sprinkle the bushes with
white hellebore when they are wet
with dew and the pest will soon be
I routed.
While the antidote is poison, there is
' no danger, as the fruit Is small at this
time and it will be washed by many 1
rains betore the fruit is ripe You can
give It an additional rinsing when pre
paring for use to destroy all prejudice
against the drug.
There are two or three broods dur
ing the summer. Be sure that you are
ready to receive each colony In the
: proper manner.
I When cats or dog? are kept, the flea
is a source of annoyance Unlike many I
; insects they thrive in cleanliness I
1 rather than filth; and the more the pet
j 19 washed the more the flea will annoy
An entomologist of India states that
the best method found in that country,
notorious as a hothouse for fleas, Is
an emulsion of crude petroleum, using
it In the proportion of 80 per cent
petroleum with 20 per cent whale oil
' soap. Dilute with water for general
. use to about three per cent A ten
' per cent solution is warranted to de
stroy fleas effectually
The inroads of the gipsy moth can
be kept in check by a parasite upon
the larvae of the insect. It is a sort
of ichneumon fly discovered by a mis
sionary in Japan, who first noticed
! that while the gipsy mo'h Is a resi-
Pigs should be sorted as to size and
each lot kept by Itself. This is not
much trouble and will enable the lit
tie fellows to stand a better ehow at
the feeding trough.
Many small pigs are stunted in their
early growth because they cannot hold
their own against their larger and
more quarrelsome brothers.
The man w ho raises pigs ought to
have a field of peas into which they
can be turned just before the peas
become hard
There is no better way to harvest
peas than by turning the hogs into
them at this stage.
Many farmers in the corn belt hog
off their corn by turning the animals
Into the fields and alldwlng them to
ride down the stalks and help them
selves This la a labor-saving plan, but it Is
wasteful beyond measure.
As soon as a ptg is discovered to
be droopy or falling behind the rest of j
the herd it should be taken out and
put in an enclosure by itself
A pig is nothing more than a money
making machine and should be fed all
he will eat cleanly from the time ho I
is able to nibble, then keep him going
until he goes to the block.
i the cost is doubled and the difference
is what the impassable roads cost you.
Continue this calculation, applying
it to the hauling of all of your crops
and it quickly becomes apparent that
it amounts to a very burdensome tax.
Good roads help in every way, they .
I promote sociability by making friends
I and relatives accessible, and by means
I of them it is easier to reach the
schools and churches, and to generally
I do and enjoy those things which make
J life really worth living. C. M. S.
dent of that kingdom it seems to do
comparatively little harm.
It is said that if the birds were
wiped out of existence, in ton years
time the insects would master the
earth, converting it Into a leafless
The birds will. If we permit, main
tain the balance in our favor. But
many of them thrive in spite of rather
than with our co-operation.
The -vast majority of our summer
residents are insect destroyers, some
even picking our potato bugs If we
but allow.
If the tent caterpillar pitches his
home in your orchard, remember that
its flock is gathered together in the
home at night, the members going
forth by day to look for food. A torch
applied to the home evenings or early
mornings catches the worm in quanti
ties. If in midsummer you find a bunch of ,
brown worms with red markings clus
tered on the trunk of a walnut or apple
tree, do not be alarmed, but get busy
Like the 6warm of bees they will not
hang there many hours, for they are
only molting. By the next day the old
skins alone will be left to tell the
I story, while the larvae, each in a
bright new coat, will be scattered over
the tree, rapidly denuding it of its
i leaves.
This is the hand-maid moth, easily
kept In check by taking advantage of
its peculiar habits.
I There are various ways of routing
; that universal pest, the cabbage worm.
Road dust, wood ashes or flour
sprinkled lightly over the cabbage
heads when wet with dew will inter
fere with the workings of the Insect.
Soap-suds sprinkled over the plants
has also the desired effect
Keep a pair of nippers handy to
snip off the sharp points of a sucking
pig's teeth
Sometimes they are as sharp as
needles and hurt the sow so much that
she will not permit them to suckle '
Sun stall is very often mistaken for
mange Never turn very young pigs
into tne field In hot weather for more
than an hour or two a day until the
skin becomes toughened
It is a great mistake to fatten sows
if breeding depends upon the spring
gilts for a next year's crop, as thif
plan will in time result in inferioi
If a sow proves a good breeder ther
is no reason why sbe should not he
kept as long as she produces strong
The most common mistake made by
many farmers is to allow the boar tc
run with the herd continually. Ht
should be kept In a roomy enclosur?
by himself.
Cement floors are best for feedint
purposes, but It is our belief that i
hog should always sleep on a boarc
floor with plenty of clean bedding
A drove of hogs of all colors an
sizes never brings as much raonev ai
a drove of the same breed and coloi
and size. A C.
Champion Berkshire Sow.
" ' jH

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