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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, August 14, 1914, 4 P.M. City Edition, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058396/1914-08-14/ed-1/seq-5/

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NOTES OF THE HOG LOT
Pasture and pure water are the per
fection of pig feed for summer
Mud holes and wallows hare no
place in a hog pasture.
Every pig that pons to pasture
should have a ring in his nose
For summer bedding a few loads
if clear white Band is excellent
Eliminate cabbage, turnips, etc , e
Ctv weeks before butchering lime.
Do not let the yards become foul I
IH unsanitary Plow them often.
Cast-iron troughs are the most san I
Itary, although plank will do If kept
clean
Fiit hogs In a bunch will thrive bet-'
ter than a large number
Tho perfect mother bunches her
brcod in some corner and settles down '
a few feet from them.
.rer Belecl a ;, oung boar with a
coarse, homely head and expect re
sults that will be satisfactory.
ben a sow is cross and ugly to
two litters in succession, sell her.
Prolificacy must not be lost sight
of in the general-purpose hog
The pig's digestive apparatus must
lie developed to its full capacity be
fore the fattening period begins
Select sires and rams from large
litters.
Excessive dealt produces a crowding
of the internal organs that is detri
mental to fecundity
The digestive powers of the hogs
are the feeder's foundation of success
Similarity of breeding stock pro
duces offspring of much greater value.
Do not compel the pigs to lie in wet,
muddy nests over night and never al
low them to become chilled
Pneumonia is just as likely to oc
cur with pigs as with human beings,
although the pig is more certain to re
cover, however, it is an unfavorable
condition and is not wanted
Young pigs should have fresh sod
thrown into them occasionally if they
; iire not allowed to run out into the
large yard. The best thing for young
pigs is to get them out on the ground
i and in the sunshine It Is almost Im-
r possible to secure thrifty young pigs
unless they have sunshine, exercise
e and a yard to run in
The business of breeding pure-bred
swine, is a business by itself and 11
should not be undertaken by anyone
w ho cannot keep records straight and
who is not willing to invest good
Money for improved blood
The most conservative course is to
I elect the breed most popular in your
ilcinity and Improve upon the com
HOD individuals by the use of im
; roved breeding boars
The idea of perfect comfort Bhould
predominate in every building that is
constructed for hogs
As farrowinc time approaches be
pure that the old BOW la in a good pen
with a strong rail or plank around
ibe sides standing QUt some 15 inches
Large Stock Tank on Farm of Illinois Farmer.
and standing aboul a foot from the
floor.
Great care should be taken not to
overfeed the sow for the first few days
The skinful feeder will regulate her
feed so that her milk supply will in
crease about as fast as the demands
of her litter for it increase until at
about two weeks of ago they are ta
rn n i; imour xu roeir uaui i
of giving when on full feed.
A large proportion of the growth
obtained while the pig is less than
Ave months of age costs only a
little actual money and to make the
business profitable it is essential that
we secure the most gain possible dur
ing the first f'-w months of the pigs
life.
When pigs are kept eight months,
when fully as good v. eight could have
been obtained at six months, the profit
is anything but what it should have
been.
There are good openings for men In
the pig business, who will teed city
! swill. It is good material lor pig feed
ing, but mut be red with judgment.
Before feeding, it should be heated up
and fed before it becomes cold In
many cases outbreaks of disease come
from feeding cold swill
CARING FOR AN ORPHAN COLT
By W. D. N E ALE.
An orphan colt can be raised by
hand successfully if a little care is
taken It should be fed on cow s milk,
but the cow should be fresh if pos
sible. Do not feed the milk at its normal
strength, but weaken with one third
water that is, to two parts milk put
one part warm water.
The mixture should be sweetened a
little with sugar and given when
about tho temperature of a mares
milk.
At the end of two weeks, the quan
tity of water may gradually be re
1 ducrd and the amount of milk in
I
CARE OF HORSES IN HOT WEATHER
A creat many horses are laid up 1
again this summer with sore shoulders.
This can be remedied in a very large
measure with sense and care
A good horse collar is the main part
f the harness and it should be of the
very best kind and fit the animal's
neck perfect l
The collar should be kept clean at
all times and the horses shoulders
well washed and brushed daily
Much dust and dirt arise in the
fields and on the roads at this season
and these are caught, and held on the
moist and sweaty shoulders and col
lar, t he re to form hard lumps and
ridges.
i:ery time the cellar is put on the
horse it should be examined for these
lumps and ridges If any found they
should be caretully brushed and rubbed
away
A tier each day's work, especially in
warm weather, bathe and clean tho
shoulders with a mixture of warm
water, salt and soda
Hot water is one of the best known
natural agents for relieving soreness
due to sprains, bruises, and excessive
pressure of the animal body. Salt
and soda are healing and disinfecting
agents.
A little alum and tannic acid, the
Juice from the bark or leaves of oak
or willow trees, will heal and toughen
tho skin and should be applied with
warm water.
Regularity of work counts in every
thing, ami especially In th- handling
of animal.
The horse that is worked regularly
acquires strong muscle3 and lough
shoulders.
Many farmers allow their work
horses to remain idle for several days
or even weeks at a time, and then
Immediately put them into hard serv
ice. A horse that has been Idle for sev
eral days should be given very light
and moderate work for the first day or
two so that the muscle and skin will
regain their strength and toughness
P it a better plan to arrange some
work for the horses dally, in this
way their bodies never become soft
' and weak, hence they seldom become
111 or Injured and ore always in traiu-
I lug for efficient service
&
' ' Ascot' Chief, First Prize Three-Year-Old Stallion.
I creased until the water Is left off al
together. Don't forget to sweeten the
milk at all times.
Whenever possible the milk should
be given immediately after milking It
from the cow. If it is desired, a fresh
egg may be added three times a day
It will be a strengthened- pnd will
make the colt's hair sleek and glossy.
Tim miolUil f mill 1. 1 ,1 Kn
a lie- tjuciiiiT vi iiiiiii. kiwi, -wmuiu urj
governed by ones judgment. Some
colts require more than others, but be
careful not to overfeed, for the colt
may get the scours. Until the colt is
a month old, it will be necessary to
feed it three or four times each day.
To teach the colt to drink from a
pall is not a very great task Put .your
finger In his mouth and lower your
hand into the milk He will get a
taste of the milk and soon you can
slip your finger from his mouth and
he w ill proceed without you
If he proves obstinate, wrap a gooso
quill with a strip of cloth and use it
as a nipple mi a bo; tie, or purchase
a nipple from the drug store
Good care must be taken of the pail
from which the colt drinks. It should
be scalded each lime it is used.
Never use sour or skimmed milk,
if you would 8 -end bowel iroubles.
Give cler.n water between feeds. Let
him run in the ard and soon he will
be nipping the green grass
After a while he will be eating dry
bran from your hand if you put a lit
tle sugar in it
Soon you will be able to feed him
some grain and then your hardest
w ork is over
HOW TO SWING UP A CARCASS
It is easy if you know how Take
a good stout, half-Inch rope and fasten
the ends to a pole, as shown in the
cut, letting the rope hang down like
a swing Make a smooth, round stick
A 1 A
For Swinging a Carca39.
six feet long, run it through the lead
ers and bring the feet together as they
would come naturally. Insert a short
stick in the end of the loop and then
wind up until the carcass t. wings clear.
WORDS OF WISDOM
Some of us waste too much time
trying to make tools and other things
fur use on the farm, when belter aud
cheaper ones can bo bought in the
open market.
The straight and narrow path is not
always lined with Uie rno.-t attractive
scenery .
It is not always tho best-looking
horse that covers the greatest num-
i-.f milc in a rl ill-
PCOple who expect a reward (or
kindness are often ombiltered by their
failure to receive It Put a real kind
ness, one without a string to It. al
ways brings Hs own rewnrd.
Some men sow thistles and then
pray for a good crop.
Do you want something to serve as
a border or edging'' Try lobelia,
candytuft or sweet alyssum
From time to time examine the
window plants to find if any have be
come pot-bound. If so, shift into a
pot one or two sizes larger.
The world moves, and if a man has
the grit to hang on he will be pulled
out of many a bad hole
The sun always casts Its shadow be
hind us as we face It. So does trou
ble. It Is just as necessary to repair the
weak places in the fence as It is to
ylrengthcn the thin spots in the soil.
WEEDS FROM AFAR
By BELLE P. DRURY.
Many of our most troublesome
weeds are introduced plants It is a
curious fact that the migrations of
man have often been traced by a study
of such plants
The American Indians, it Is said,
called plantain the "footsteps of the
whites because it followed the Euro
pean colonists. It has become natural
ized and is remarkable for following
civilized man all over the world
j The daisy is another weed of culti
vation. as is also shepherd's purse,
whose wild type has disappeared
Purslane is not considered a weed
in England, or at least it Is used as
a pot herb. Its flowera open only In
the morning It is troublesome on
account of its prolificacy and rapid
maturity It will live and even mature-
seed after it Is pulled up It has
been estimated that one plant will
produce 1,250,000 seed
Goosefoot, fennel and the nettle fol
low the European wherever he goes.
Our common mullein is a noxious
weed, which some unknown enemy to
the plant doubtless keeps in check, as
otherwise Its large number of seedB
would spread with greater rapidity.
There are several varieties. On ac
count of its soft leaves, it is called the
"velvet plant ' in England.
Why the Canadian thistle is so
difficult to kill can be readily un
derstood when its structure is
considered It Is called the "cursed j
thistle" and deserves the name, be
cause while other thistles are an- '
nual or biennial, this one has a pe
rennial horizontally branching under
ground runner, so that when the slen
der, perpendicular root is pulled up,
this is by no means the end of the
plant, for the runner ramifies and
sends up Its branches to the surface
The only w-ay to kill it is to cut the
radical leaves Cattle dislike this weed
so much that they will not feed near it.
Some farmers are not vigilant as
they might he in waging war upon
poison Ivy. The task of exterminat
ing so thrifty a vine is certalnl) diffi
cult, for it clambers over fences,
weaves itself into hedges, and from
secret places, like an enemy in am
bush, sends forth its harmful Influence
Its poisonous properties are exhaled in
a vapor especially on damp days or
dewy mornings The wind seems to
bear the poison on its breath, and sim
ply to be in the vicinity of the vine
is, to some persons, to be inoculated
with it.
It is fortunate that wherever a pois
onous weeds grows, Its antidote Is
not far away Near the treacherous
Ivy, blooms the virulent nightshade,
whose bruised leaves may be used as
a remedy In some cases, with good
effect , as may bo also the leaves of
the common plantain
HOME CURING OF HAMS
By MRS. W. C. HUTCHINSON.
There is no other product of the
farm to which the owner points with
greater pride than to his abundance
of well cured hams, one of the daily
essentials for the table, and if the
ham i6 well cured and well cooked,
we certainly have one of the most
appetizing dishes which can be set
before us
This edible need not be limited to
the farmer alone, those of the city
may enjoy, equally with him. by pur
chasing tho slaughtered hogs, or hams
of the butchers, then, using a good
method of sugar curing.
It Is economy to those In the city,
and a profit to the farmer should ho
j place his home cured hams on the
market; there is always a ready sale,
and they bring a much better price
lhan the packers meat or the ordi
nary enlt ham
Should we decide to market our own j
' home-made,'' "sugar-cured" hams,
there would be a very great demand
for them Each year we are compelled
to refuse a number of would-be pur
chasers. To all Interested In the sugar-cured
method of preparing It, we give the
following recipe.
For 1 000 pounds of meat, take
40 pounds of common salt, ten pounds
of Orleans sugar, four pounds black
pepper, three pounds Baltpeter, half
pound cayenne popper. Mix thorough
ly, then rub one-half of the mixture
on the meat, let it lie two weeks, and
then rub on the remainder, after which
let it lie four weeks, then hang and
Btnoke.
As soon as the animal heat is out of
I ih rnaat annlv first half, carefullv
covering skin and flesh side alike, and
well over hock bono
The extra expense over salted meat
is small and 1 think about equal to oth
er methods of curing, the amount of la
bor required for first application Is
very little more than ordinary salting,
and for second, requires one, man
about one hour If you wi6h to cure
smaller quantities, time and labor will
be In proportion
Do not think the quantity of the
preparation too small when mixed, for
although It may look so, yet It Is an
abundance
As this is put on the meat, each
ham Is placed separately upon a plat
form, there to await the second appli
cation, when it Is again placed for the
four weeks, after which w hnng and
smoke for four days from wood Are,
not being partial to hickory wood
By this time the meat is firm and
dry, and it is wrapped In newspapers,
then placed in sacks made of denim,
or other strong material and hung in
a cool dark place.
We have used this recipe for IB
years, have never had a ham spoil
and have never tasted better hams.
ruii Tg 1
gfo ADVANTAGES OF THE SOY BEAN
There are some who really think 1
they have discovered something new,
when they find out by actual experi
ence that "corn and beans" form an
almost ideal balanced ration for, not
only horses, but all live stock as well
Most people think of navy beans,
string beans, or lima bpans when the
word "beans" is spoken, but this is
not the sort we wish to apeak of
Soy beans or soys, as they are most
commonly called, are not beana at all.
It Is well known that the true bean
sends up the cotyledons of the seed
as the first pair of leaves. Sovs do
not have this habit of growth, but
! like peas, send up a pair of seed
leaves In reality soy bean is a pea.
The pea and the bean, however, are
both members of that splendid family
of plants known as legumes and as
such, when given the right conditions,
secure their supply of nitrogen large
ly from the air This is a second rea
son why you ought to try a patch this
year.
The soy bean is a native of Asia, but
unlike most of the Asiatics, it is not
only admitted to the United States,
but is welcomed as well This bean
(pea) is a Btrong-grow Ing, erect, an
nual plant It grows anywhere from
two to four feet tall, is of varying
shades of green, but is Invariably cov
ered with rusty hairs, both on the
stem and leave?
The leaves are borne in sets of three
and the leaflets are large, thin, and
broadly ovate In shape The flowers
and beans are borne in the axils of
the leaves from ground to top of the
plant The ripened pods, after the
leaves have fallen, appear In clus
ters all along the main stem. In shape
this erect-growing plant with numer
ous brancnes, resembles a miniature
tree.
Soys are adapted to a wider range of
soils than even red eloer They do
well on loam, on light clay 6, on any
mixture of these, on sandy soils, and
on heavy clay The soil of the corn
belt of Illinois, is particularly suited
to their production, since they yield
both an abundance of foliage (and
therefore are excellent for hay when
; so desired!, and also an abundance of
i seed This plant seems to adapt it- i
! self not only to various soils but to
seasons as well. It seems to thrive I
remarkably well n a droughty sea
son, when other plants suffer for
want of moisture, and yet, In a wet
season neither growth nor production
Is petarded.
Soys are not difflcult to harvest
Anyone who has had experience with
the cow or ( anada pea, knows how
difficult it is to handle those vinlng
plants This difficulty is not expe
rienced with soys, since they may be
harvested with the regular grain bind
er and shocked not unlike wheat or
oats The only caution to observe is
; to bind them into smaller bundles and
I shock them in smaller shocks.
After shocking they will stand a
very large amount of bad weather
and be uninjured We have found
that the use of the binder is the eas
iest, quickest and best way to han
dle this crop even a hen cut for hay
LAMBS IN THE CORNFIELD
By Mi A. COVERDELL.
While both the older sheep and the
lambfl may be turned into the corn
field after the corn reaches a stage
at which the lower blades begin to
wither, It is well to keep a close watch j
of the larger animals, to see that
they do not get to nibbling the husks
from the low -hanging ears
This is not apt to occur until all
tho lower blades of the corn have
Herdwick Ram.
been eaten ofT, and in that case the
lambs may be allowed to run in the
field till they are sold, or brought In
for winter shelter
Where, one has lamDs to turn inco
the cornfield they will not only make
use of the blades of corn which are
usually wasted, but they will keep
down the weeds that are invariably
springing up after corn plowing Is
over, thus seeding the field to the pest
for the following season.
The manure dropped by the lambs
will also be scattered around over the
fields, thereby fertilizing the laud with
out the usual time and labor expended
in hauling and spreading the manure.
Another advantage in pasturing the
cornfield after cultivation is ended is
that it will be much easier to get
through the corn at gathering time,
and the ears will be the more exposed
to view
Make a cheesecloth mat of two
thicknesses of the material, and after
cleaning the ice box out. before plac
ing the blocks therein, lay the mat
carefully over the drain pipes and it
will collect all matter that would oth
erwise clog the water pipe
Garlic, leeks and olives stimulate
the circulation of the blood.
-
A Cluster of Pole Lima Beans. Most People Think of Navy, String, or LI-
ma Beans, When the Word "Beans" Is Spoken.
Soys have a feeding value that Is
exceedingly high Henry, in Feeds
and Feeding, in a comparison of soy
hay and clover shows that "beans" are
actually richer feed than clover and j
that they are excelled only by alfalfa
Clover hay contains 6.8 per cent pro
tein, 36 8 per cent carbob drates and
1.7 per cent (at per 100 pounds dry
mptter Alfalfa contains 11 per cent ,
protein, 39 6 per cent carbohydrates,
I and 1 2 per cent fat, while soy hay
has 10.8 per cent protein, 38 6 per
cent carbohydrates and 1 1 per cent
fat per 100 pounds dry matter
Comparing the grain from soys with
the grain usually fed for concentrates,
and again we find them of high value.
Bran contains 12 2 per cent protein,
2 per cent carbohydrates and 2 7
per cent fat; linseed meal has 29 3
per cent protein, 37.7 per cent carbohy
drates and 14.4 per cent fat per 100
oounds drv matter.
W hat better feed, either as hay or
grain, could one want?
The yield of grain of soys varies
with the variety planted The Illinois
experiment station has found that '
yields as high as SO bushels per acre
ma be produced However, the av
erage yield of the medium maturing
j sorts will be more nearly 25 than 50. :
Soys possess many adantages over,
! any of the legumes commonly grown
Among the advantages may be men
tioned They are erect growers with
out runners, therefore, do not tnnple
The seed may be harvested by machin
ery, and threshed with the ordinary
thresher They ar1 heavy yleldera.
' The grain is highly nitrogenous and
therefore very valuable for feeding
I purposes; they may be pastured by
either hogs, horses or cattle and will
furnish both grain and forage when
so pastured Ah a supplemental feed
to corn, they are a grain that com- j
bines well to balance the ration and
take place of expensive concentrates.
They can be easily raised in any part
of Illinois, are not difficult to handle. 1
provide a greater variety of feed, and m
are relished by cattle, horses, hogs, I
sheep and poultry, and furnish to all Ll
classes of live stock in a cheap way, 1
the moBt expensive of our feeds C I
M. S. J
BOOKS FOR THE YOUNG I
What are you striving foranyway J
to live rich or to die rich? Better 1
think it over a little and see If you I
are on the right road. God never I
means a man to send $10 to the hea- 8
then and then begrudge his wife 10 I
cents for a scrap of lace. Pretty poor
sort of Christian, that If the boy has I
a hobby, let him ride it. If you lead It
for him, it won't be so likely to run
away with him. Get the children a I
few bright books, the readable sort on I
botany, geology, zoology and astron- 1
oray, "nature study'" books (avoiding I
the big works ) It will make the world J
seem like a bigger, brighter place to I
! live In, not only for the children but 1
for yourself, for you can't help reading to'
them if they are left lying around i
handy m
DON'T CROWD THE CHICKS I
If chickens are allowed to crowd fi
into bunches in close houses, these
hot nights, they will easily catch cold
when a damp day comes. Why not
move the roosts out into the scratch' '1
I ing sheds'' f
Government statistics tell UB that 1
next to the apple, the strawberry is
the most uDiversaJl grown fruit in
this country, and that the amount of
annual revenue received from the j
strawberry crop Is second only to that
received from the apple crop 1
THE PLACE FOR SHEEP ON THE FARM 1
By ELMER HENDERSON.
Every farm in the corn belt, wheth
er large or small. Bhould maintain a
few 6heep. They are docile, clean and
easily handled.
Compared with the cost of main
taining other stock, the up-keep of
maintaining a small flock is quite
small
They do best upon a grass diet,
with a little grain in addition The
profit comes, not from keeping them
as a main issue, but from a few head
Of well-bred, well-fed ewes kept to j
clean up the fence corners, kep down
the lawns, graze on the hillsides, and '
other kindred places
Tho keep of a flock managed this
way, Is practically nothing, for what
they eat would otherwise go to waste
A flock of 10 or If. sheep, so man
aged, will yield a very handsome in
come. Fifteen ewes can easily be de- '
peuded upon to raise 20 lamb9 which
at even tho low price offered by the
country buyer, will bring about $100. I
The wool from the 15 ewes 6hould I
amount to 150 pounds, worth from 20 II
to 30 cents the pound, say from 10 I
to 35 dollars, or a net Income of about
$135 a very neat little eum, when it
Is considered that It reprsents prac- ' j I
ticnlly a clear gain
Of course the greatest profit comes
to the man who, instead of keeping ' J
the ordinary grade sheep, has a flock 1 1
of high clas" pure-breds.
The outlay on these need be no
more than that for the ordinary
grades. However, by handling them
carefully a much greater income may
be secured Ten ram lambs to sell
each fall would bring anywhere from
$15 to $30 each It Is best to keep
the choice of the ewe lambs to re- J
plenish the flock Tho rest could be
sold to supply the pure breed trade,
together with those of '.he maruro
ewes that for some reason or other
are takon from the reserve flock j
FIHm in t ' tAmel 0f
hire Ewe Lamb at the New York State Fair.

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