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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, August 15, 1914, 4 P.M. City Edition, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 15

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058396/1914-08-15/ed-1/seq-15/

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Will equal suffrage put an end to
John Barleycorn? The recent elec
tions In Illinois in hK h women
voted for the first time caused 1.
000 saloons In that State to be
- closed. Local option election! were
''t ' held In many ounlics and towns
an J the oto of the women is given
hj being responsible for the closing
of the salocrha
Saloon men in many parts of the
country have bitterly opposed worn
' en s suffrage on the ground that
v women would vote the saloons out
li of existence. Temperance workers
and prohibitionists long have been
the friends of equal suffrage, yet
the ballot gien to women has not
closed the saloons m Wyoming,
which has been a woman's suffiage
State since its admission to the
Unldn and before.
Utah has woman's suffrage and
licensed saloons. Other States are
in the same Class Kansas is a pro
hibition State and is also a woman's
suffrage State, but woman s suffrage
followed prohibition It was only
two years ago that the voters of the
Sunflower State give women the
right to vole. It was more than
three decades ago that the Slate
oted dry
The allegation that women will
vote as their husbands is flatly de
nied by women's suffrage leaders,
who say their vote 13 not controlled
by the men of their families. Wom
en vote as they please. It Is a fari,
however, that they please to vote as
their husbands in the majority of
cases. Persons living in the same
family have the same Ideas on 1m
jjk portant dUCStions and that accounts
p for the similarity In th ballol
It is admitted by all. however,
that women have been loaders in or
ganizing temperance societies.
One hundred and six years ago
the first temperance society was
organized In this country. Since
then the struggle between ".wots"
and "drys" has gone on without
ceasing. the temperance army
steadily gaining over the liquor in
terests, until now th3 prohibition
crusade has sw ept forward to sue a
an extent that in more than two
thirds of the territory of the United
States the saloon has been abolished.
while in most of the rest of tho
country it seems to be threatened
with approaching extinction
The United States has an area of
2.9T3.SJ0 square miles. The area
under no-lhense is 2,1.::74G square
miles, and only 841.144 Is wet
The population of the United
Slates Is 91, 972,226. The population
living In dry territory is iB, 029,1 50.
or lf087t274 more than one-half
The greater part of tihs no
license area has been captured by
the dry army within the last ten
-and fifteen years, under the ban
ner of the Anti-Saioon League,
which Is the most efficient fighting
; temperance organization ever
ff formed.
The first American temperance so
ciety was organized by Dr. William
J Clarke. In 180S, in Saratoga Coun
ty. N V. but it bore little resem
blance to the temperance societies of
today, and any member of our
C. T U. of today would pronounce
this society of Doctor Clarke's noth
ing more nor less than a drinking
rhjl. its forty-three members
pledged themselves to cut every
thing Intoxicating except beer from
their list of drinkables. This was
not only (he first temperance ao-
lety, hut Its members took the first
temperance pledge ever signed in
this country. The Society exists to
this day. and in 1008 jt members
celebrated the centennial of its
founding: Which was attended by
temperance workers from over all
the country.
Previous to the forming of this
first temperance society there had
been little agitation against drink
ing although Doctor Rush Of Phila
delphia, one of ihe signers of the
Declare tion of Independence, wrote
a pamphlet against drunkenness,
Which had a large circulation.
The early American was a hard
drinker. The rich man had his
sideboard, the poor man his jug
: The rich man waved hla guests to
chised 1
Saloons in
I he decanter, the poor man pulled
the com cob cork of his jug Near
ly everyone drank.
But there came a change in pub
lic sentiment, very gradually at first,
but which kept on growing and ex
panding In 1813 the Massachusetts
Society f"r the Suppression of In
temperance was formed, and six
years later a similar society was
organized In Connecticut.
The first great temperance orator
In this country was Dr. Lyman
Beecher, a preacher of East Hamp
ton, L 1 . and one of the most pow
erful pulpit orators in America. In
1S26 he amazed the whole country
by a startling series of sermons
against drinking and drunkenness.
Out of this agitation came the
American Temperance Union, which
swept over the country. This was
the first temperance crusade.
in 1850, Neal Dow. Mayor of
Portland! Me . bad a neighbor with
a large family, a good man ami in
the main a good provider, bul he
was addicted to going off on long
fli unken sprees and then he 10 -
lected his family. Finally this neigh
bor lost hi' Job. His wife appealed
to the saloonkeepers not to sell
p-R-O M 1 N E N T suffrage
workers and women
voters of the country At
top, from left to right: Hula
La Follette, Inez Mitlhol-land-Boissevain,
Mrs. Cai tei
Manason. Below : Mrs Wal
ter McKnab Miller, Mrs.
Ella Stewart, Virginia
Including m its membership
churches of all denominations.
Catholic and Protestant, and such
societies as the Christian EndeaVor
and the Kpworth League. Its lo
cal work Is to endeavor to obtain
the nomination and election of men
for municipal oflh who are against
the saloon. In the State it works
to obtain the nomination and elec
tion of men opposed to the saloon,
lis ultimate aim Is to obtain an
amendment to the United states
him any more liquor. They laughed
at her. She appealed to Neal Dow.
the Max or. and he went to see
several saloonkeeper and they
laughc-d at him. too. Right there
and then Neal Dow consecrated his
life to fighting the )iior traflic.
lb' began making temperance
speeches nil over the State, ami in
1861, through Ills work, the legis
lature of Maine enacted the first
States law prohibiting the Ihiuor
traffic. Tn 1884 Maine adopted a
prohibition amendment to Its con
stitution. It Is yet a dry State.
Before the war there was no tax
on whisky, and no license was Im
posed for selling it. Nearly every
grocery store in the country solid
It openly, and it was drunk just as
openly. Whisky was cheap. its
cost by the barrel was about 1".
eiits a gallon. The retail prlco of
the pure urtb le of 1-soar-rdd bour
bon or rye was about 4 0 cents a
gallon. 13 cents a quart, Hi rents
a pint, 5 cents a drink. The govern
ment put a tax on whisky, and other
liquors to raise money to help puy
the cost of tin- civil W ar This in
creased the price; Ami then the
States, counties and cities began to
impose a license tax on saloon
keepers, providing severe penalties
for selling liquors without license,
and this was the greatest blow the
liquor Interests ever received. It
contracted the Mile and per capita
consumption everywhere; but on
the other hand, it formed a means
ot uniting and strengthening the
lighting force of the wet army, and
everywhere they drew together In
association of wholesale u ml retail
liquor dealers, brewers and distil
lers, with camP Sign funds of mil
lions of dollars; and paid vigilance
commit! 8SS to watch for and try
and head off legislation antagonistic
to the liquor interests.
The latest and the greatest of all
the temperance movements Is the
Anti-Saloon League. It was organ
ized in 1 895 as the result of a
casual conversation between Axoh-
bislu.p Ireland of the Catholic
Church and tho Rev. Alpha J. Key
nctt. then chairman of the perma
nent committee on temperance and
prohibition of the Methodist
Church. It differs from all other
temperance societies in that it is
an organization, not alone of Indi
viduals, but of organisations: too.
Constitution prohibiting the manu
facture and sale of beverage alco
holic liquors.
The full results of the agitation
thai has been goln on for upwards
of a century against the saloon in
this country Is now rear hinx
fruition In the united cfTort of the
A:iti-Saloon League One of Ihe
earliest and most effective weapons
was In having laws passed twentv
flve years ago compelling the in
troduction into schools of text
books frni which boys and Klrls
were taught that alcoholic liquors
were medicinally worthless anl
physically and morally tfcstriicttv?Rsi
In plain simple language, such fl
would impress ' youthful mind? J
these text-books described the bale-BHf
ful results of alcoholic indulgem "-Hff'1
The boys and girls of twcnty-H
and fifteen years ago, v. 1 IH
.studied from those text-hooks ""'iHRt
who were taught at the knees ''uBf.
their mothers, the women of "I'fffr,
'crusade" and the W. C. T. I" . areHfC
now men and women and they iormMi, I
a mighty army of antagonism ' .ty
the saloon that i being -xpi e.-scdH '.
the polls
There is no doubt but that theS
teachings In the public schools haveHJ.v
more to do with the vote in ''H
many of the States than anythlnR
else. Many of the leading womanH,
suffragists are not prohibitionls'sB
Clearing Tropical Forests.
In tht true f.ropbal forest a?riW
culluie is practically out of triH
question Eeu for the white 1 S
11 Is difficult to clear the groui
and for the sluggish son of l fl
tropics it is almost impossible
that he cannot cut the trees, al
though this is s slow process whejH
h ige trunks throiv out bufl
tresses live to ten feel in radiuH
but thai having cul hem he . .mnl
dispose "f them The primary rcfl
BOH for the existence of the genuiH
tropical forest is that run fl
abundant 1 at practically all - U
There may be, and usually, is, M
short dry season, when the sun
Farthest from the zenith. NcxerthM
less, even at this time the drouth I
riol absolute When the trees aH
felled the onl Of getting rl
of them Is by burning. Under ('4H
trdenl tropical sun most trees ll
become dr: enough to bum in ill
or t h rec 1 1
not become vet again In the ml
If rain falls, however, the fr.-es. M
Course dr; nun h more .lccl. H
the do not become ready to burH
during the dry sc i-on if ' !V
to think of such a thing later ThM
will rot away, to he sure, and ":H
appear within a few seasons,
this is of little use. for ineanwhiM
new growth has qul kl sproute'dM
In the tropical rain forest miii-
will grow to a height of ten ofl
twenty feet in a single year. Imb-eeM
in the short spice of two nioni
so much herbage will spring up
a piece of forest which ha., beenj
ut cannot be burned, even thowqlj
trees have become dry- T)uM
1 t heon bul tual fa 1 M
the spring of 1913. in a part ofH
Guatemala where the fori bI Is byB
no means of the densest kind, andH
where a considerable number ofH
,,,,, ,. plantations exlsl I saw thisH
hapi The trees had been cut,B
but so many showers fell durlngB
the nominal season tit it fheM
inches did not become drs:B
enough to burn, and consequently!
many pcoile were unable to plantB
it Wtflii Be Worse. 1
stout-hearted as ever, although I
Hal do n In bed with sciatica,
Clara Morris, the actress, sent a I
note to d reporter on her sixty- I
ninth birthday saying that she I
happj for these reason.- First, be-
. lUse n l. hi r limited vision she
Id still see the notes of her gui-
t .,, mush an I read the seed rata-
logues Slcdnd, because her hu;-H
ban '. 1 u"-' ''I In the same room
ifter a stroke Of paralysis. v.is bet-
ter. Third, be- ause her mother.
aged ninety, had fought throughH
imonis safely. I" the cheerfui-B
. -r ill kpii-A liftle woman. H
ness ol 1013 "
Bhul up by and with sickness, lies
;0son f-u those of us who are wonUl
to complain and lose hope n'heiH
, onfronted by misfortunes compare
ttivelj trivial. Her point of k'lew il
her salvation Nothing Is so badH
rding to Olara Morns, that S
might not bo worse.
Philosophy of the Chdrufl
First Chorus Lady You willB
h.udh know George since his return 1 J
from Sootjl Africa He has lost .WW
ins money and I
3, ond Chorus Lady Then
Shan't know him at nil. dear.
09 Mb? i

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