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M Ever since that eventful day 9 when Porflno Diaz threw Kranels- J 10 Madero In prison because be had lie temerity to oppose ihe dictator St 'or the presidency; foreigners In 'hut Southern Republic have been 1 r, & state of watchful waiting. wk Wnt-hful waiting on Die north side ;yB 'of the Rio Grande Is far different ' 2B from that same pastime on the ' "H touthern side of the river. wk There thoe who dare to remain H have hod to watch with guns at 9 hand. During those fearful limes I '. IB when Huerta vv a villi in authority :.7S' nd the Amerunn marine were ntciing era Qrus, British sub- SH jects and Americans were con stantly In danger of attacK. Tn 1 v!B Americans were hated because jH; they were . of the race of ihe in voders. The British were hated because they spoke the language of I fM the grlngoes. "',.W Those who refund to obey ih" I -.Sim- orders of their governments and 'mi fly to the protection of their Hags ' ..jB gathered in little settlements. At night the men met and drilled to flchi They learned the rudiment -, '; jfl f inllilary tactics and In base- M mcnts where the sound would be tJfM deadened they practiced ai shoot - - Ing Every horn., was a small rrms vvH arsenal. . X jm ot once since the imprisonment "3B nf Madero have Americans lived In -':i?M Mexico with a sense of gre-U secu- 'J rlty Now with the Constitutlonal- frW ,n authority conditions are not I , tB mui-h improve d. The murderer Zapata still b supreme In the fi?fM South. Villa atid Carranza Si 11 5SkM flcure as dominant figures. Even kSfli FeUa Dlay has his following. rSofl There are Mexicans praying for iJsM peace who would follow any stand- g9 aid that promised strength. That H 1s why any man promising peace tSfjB can cet a following. 1 Now there arc 300 volunteers un- 'vffiW der ;irms in Mexico City Before, SfjBB the European conflict there were 7ie::rly 500. Many of the 500 were Germans, however, and nil with- aB drew to attempt a trip to Germane Some of them learned they could JtyH not make the trip because of En- itjBliB gland's interference on the sea. 0H Now they are back in Mexico drill- jgffiH ing side by side with the English- BjSB men, for the defense of their homos f&KBi In case of a Mexican uprising, rrB Many of the English too have fiyH gone to their homes to fight for tHH their country. The drill they re- 9BH ceived In Mexico made them jwraH trained foldlers fit for service ' on ojiH a European battlefield. jSjH The guard fell Into a dlsorgan- jKjH lted stale when Huerta fled, but fB when Villa sent his ultimatum to kj&B his former chief, fear reigned BBB again and English and Germans fH' and Americans joined handh aim in hSH against a common peril. They will 3BB now remain under arms until a H firm government Is established. nH How many revolutions and counter MRH revolutions will take place before 9H then no one can tell. HJH The foreigners there who have their money Invested nre loath to ujH leave their property They fear H that It will be destroyed or greatly UPPER LEFT Members ot the British a-nd American coluny in Mexico City preparing for possible emergencies. Upper right General Carranza. Be low General Villa. damaged should thv away and ihir buaneu win fail into ruin. PJIF "loMI. r PIGVRfi is PANCHO 11 1 The prmodiriant fijure in .Mexi co i pane ho " 1 1 la. '"!;;- Illiterate son of a peon is a iiatioii.il hero. ThooKh unjettered he knows enough to take good advice. Ills programme Is cloubiksp the most sano aver presented in Mexico. M.idero was too visionary He promi.-. d thin- h- could not fulfill. The people turned against, him for that reason. ln promises a programme, which can be fulfille-j and he proves his earnestness by deilaring he will not enter the race lor the pfcal lehcy. Villa's statement at the time of hi? ultimatum to Carrmza shOw his position Tn It he nays: In View of the at:itnd of Yen usttano Car ranee, which has been the cause of great injuries t. our country, and since he Cpyld never govern a republic nor make happy a country wbl h .is ires t6 1 n U democracy, 1 country whlqh wanfi to ha e a government emanailng from thi people, subject La aii m terpretitiun of the national feeilng. we have been obliged ( renounce him as commander-in-' hli f of the Constitutionalist army in ch:rg. 0 the executive power, and we have declared hictillties. being disppaed to fight until the (ait until he is forced to abandon hi" power unci Place the same In the hands of the real representatives of the people, who are disposed to remedy all evils at the republic and to direct It through tha road of progress and well being. W arc not in fa'vpr of person l Ism, but we are defenders ot prin ciples, and consequent ly w will not tight against any other of the chiels who have contributed to the down fall of the ueurper Huerta, our dif ficulties being against the person of Vcnustlano Carranza. The State of Sonora. Zacntecas and a part of Coahuila have seconded up to tbo present our attitude, and shortly we will be Joined by adherents from other localities. Felix Dlax has long wished to tako the leadership of the Mexican Government. He was not the type of a man to lead, however He had too much regard for his personal safety. But for the name of his uncle he would never have figured In Mexican affairs extensively. Xow he again Is trying to enter the af fairs of tho country. Gen. Felix Diaz Is a nephew of Porflrio Diaz, who for thirty-five years ruled Mexico with an iron hand. Felix Diar, in 1912 led a revolt against Madero and his army, with forces that afterward aided Huerta. Atcr the death of Madero, Diaz, fearing Huerta, fled from Mexico to Havaha, Cuba !! was stabbed November T, i r 1 1. on fashionable promenade In Havana, bv Mexicans, said 10 have been followers of Huerta. S m e then hi has not attracted public attention until now Ha again wants t get in t ri - fray. ANGELES IMPORTANT l. MEXICAN AFFAIRS While much has been written nt. , ut Villn and t'nrranza. one ( tha great force of Mexico and a in hi win, ma; vuiue day determine ihe affalri ( that country Is Felipe Angeles; yet few ever hpord "f Angeles except through Villa's dn-iiind- Hi i ihe man with th- pon cal sounding nalne be made rir.t chief of the republic. Angeles is Villas chief of artil lery, and was formerly a member f Ifadero's Cabinet. He may i th next President of Mexico. Under Diaz the lands and mines of the republic fell into the hands pf an autocracy and the common man, the peon, became litMc better than a ?!ave. Madero tried to help him and was murdered Maderos BUi cessor. Huerta. stood for the Diaz principle and was driven out. Mow "'arranza, who made his flpht lor the common people, did r."t meet Villa s approval That is the cause of his trouule. Carranza Is not crooked He Is weak He Is an old man easily influenced, and above all Intensely jealous His pet aversion is Villa because, per haps. Yiiin is the pre at hero of the country; and without doubt this wfikne?s j? being taken advantage Of iv the unscrupulous Interests In M, itlco City! As a result reforms, if they do come at all, are a long way off. Villa knows this better than any one. Honestly bellevlnpr that Car ranza puts his own ambitions ahead of Mexh o villa, who Is heart and SOUl for the i-ommon people, js urging a forceful man In the Presl rtenfa . hair. That mun is Felipo Angeles. Next to Villa he is the most popu lar man in Mexico today Soldiers and citizens agree that with An geles as President Mexico would again take Its place among nations. First of all he Is self-effacing and has the cause of the peon at heart He is one of the stancheoi supporters of the peace of Guada loupe, which declares that confis cated lands must be restored to the people 62 acres to the man that schools shall be built, that Mexico be enlightened, Anpeles Is of good family. He is able to meet the diplomats of tha world on common ground. As a graduate of the military academy at Chapultepec he Is well edu cated. He has workeo with and amon: the peons and understands their point of view. Probably the most noticeable characteristic of the man is his vigorous virile per sonality You know insinctlvely that "manna" ln't In his vocabu lary; that when he says a thing he means It; that when he makes a promise he keeps It. His bravery and bulldog "hold ing on'- while in command of Vil la" artillery were largely responsi ble for more than one victory. Troubled Repub- fB Spite of Revolu- K flHKaV w . MmBT" iMBKBi-a Wr " Villa trusts him and is big enough to sec in Angeles the great er man. The two are linked together by many bonds. Angeles was the ad viser of his chief In the last cam paign. Villa admires and trusU him On the other hand Angeles knows the peon-general better than any other man. He understands his weakness and his worth and Is clever enough to subdue the one and advance the other. The two have a mutual dislike for Carranza, who would have de graded Angeles had It not been for Villa's protection More than that, the two are united In a definite plan for the betterment of Mexico. This, then, is Villa's solution of the Mexican problem. To take Car ranza out and put Angeles In. An geles la the diplomat, the financier, ih man of International affairs. Villa, who has no ambition to b President. Is the soldier and the hero of the common people. As general-ln-chief of the Mex ican Army he proposes to be the reorganizer of internal affairs and will be satisfied to aid Angeles by administering and carrying out the fought. Gold Giving Out. One 01 the chief arguments brought forward by the silver men of the West in favor of their great white metal Is the fact that grad ually but surely the sold of the world Is decreasing. Their argu ment is strengthened by the follow ing from the Boston Commercial Bulletin In a statement of the pro duction In rocent years at the fa mous Rand mines in the Transvaal which lead the world, from which the following Is taken "For the first seven months of this year the gold production of the Transvaal amounted to 4,819,33$ ' ounces, compared with 5. 295, SIS ounces in the orre.spotulinB period of 1913. The decrease In- value was about 110, 000. Out). It Is apparent, however, that much of the handicap Which was created by the South African labor troubles of 1911 hs passed awa In th mining indus try. As compariaoti will be made for - f-ral future months with the re turns of last year as influenced bj the dlstuibanees of labor, there may be future gains made by the Rand figures, thus tending to reduce t tie net loss 5o far disclosed in produc tion In 1914 contrasted with 1913. "An absolute gain In production is of especial importance to Great Britain in existing circumstances and of great Importance to the en tire world '1 here has been quite an Increase In recent months In the number of natives employed at the. Rand mines and there has also been a 1 irtit! Increase in the number of small rock drifts operated by pow er, which dislodge larger masses of ro."!k and enable more ore-bearing material to be utilized In extraction processes. ' The hope is entertained there fore, that the great African gold held may Increase Its contribution CO the world's supply in the future. Nothing has so far developed, how ever, to Justif expectation that the richness or extent of the Rand de posits may be increased." Child Training. When the child ails physically we snd for the doctor; when he alls morally we send for the police," a friend of children declares. In de fending the average child against those who would mlsbrand as way ward and incorrigible youth which i" in reality unguided morally. The child crippled physically de serves all the help and comfort it is possible to give the child crippled morally by lack of training, sym pathetic understanding and guid ance, is In a pitiable plight. Such a child may become a menace to so ciety. Sturdy, strong, rtles3, if undirected he may grow defiant. The crippled child "stays put." but these other cripples are swift in their acts, knowing no restraint of physical handicap and little of moral upbringing. There is pathos lu It all. Often the mother becomes hard pressed by chlldbearing and Infant nourishing,, while the children on their feet are veritably pushed into the streets, to maH room In the house for their juniors. Herein entors the benefaction of the public kindergarten; Indirect and unconscious moral training Is given and absorbed in these semi schools and play places. Children learn by Imitation: in , fact, education Is largely Imitation. , either In thought or act The act 1 liiiita'.-s the precept example or r thought, and so children lo become k; largely the creatures of environ- J ment. Happy the child who has an understanding counselor and guide J?J with a safe example to follow. The imitation of wrong becomes Huj as much a mat'r of course or nat- I.li. ural sequence to th hild as doe JjJ the Imitation of ric-hi In th mat- : ter of s pproprlatin ihings or taking ihings," which become "stealing" If indulged in after baby days, the condition is often but an uninterrupted continuance of the baby habit of reaching out and tak ing what is wanted. Children hava a perfectly legitimate desire of pos session, and in the beginning are wholly Ignorant of the laws govern ing property of ts: Taught Hnbby Buslne. Mt-3. George W. Falrchlld, wife of j. Representative Falrchlld of New ife York, has a business ability which. If she had been a man, would prob- ably have made her a captain of flnani e. a With characteristic modeety she overlooks this fact whenever she Is S2 .vkMl for Information regarding herself, but Ihe truth concerning hr may always be had upon good authority. This authority is her husband. j- Representative Falrchlld give her credit In a large measure for his success as a business man, Mrs. Fairchlld having for years been fa miliar with every detail of her hus band's large business Interests and having piaved an important part In K JBH their development. Sf 1 tii Before her marriage Mrs Fair- M.. child was Josephine Mills Sherman, niece of the late Joseph G. Mills of Now York City. Q Executive and business ability in 1 a woman an- usually arguments for ll woman suffrage. Yet with true womanly Inconsistence Mrs. Fair- j Sffei child Is anti-suffrage In her sympa thies. ye. Representative and Mrs. Fair- MU child have In Oneonta, X. Y., one of aHv 1 the handsomest homes In that sec tlon of the State. ft? . Mrs. Falrchlld, though not to any er great extent a clubwoman. Is wnj member of the Daughters of the Th American Revolution. She also be- j k longs to the Congressional Club of buk Washington. Xo Control. Th let The auto speeder was arrested J 1 late one night and brought before the court next morning 6 You say th machine ws be- 1 th yond your control'' ' asked his " t honor. It was." Why was it ? And can re mrmm It- sua "Listen, your honor: If I oeafg 1 mve controlled that machine, hew ie 1 ould the cop have caught ins?' ftlli 3o.ton Record.