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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, October 17, 1914, 4 P.M. City Edition, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 19

Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058396/1914-10-17/ed-1/seq-19/

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-W . . . HH
American Gun
ners, Champion
Shots of the
World, Are
Using the
to Photograph
Shells in
Flight as an
Aid in Finding
the Range
The gunners of America have al
; ways held tho championship of the
world lor accuracy. Thej are now
" experimenting with a new range
1 finding device, which will give th
B American gunner the range before
j "ihi enemy can get it and give the
I fighter for tho American Army the
IV chance to hit the marl; first.
The cinematagraph is the device
B tailed Into use by the American
B gunner and experiments are now
m heing conducted by an Eastern ()(
M tlcal Company under the super
B vision of the United States Govcrn
ff ment along the lines of new Btylt)
B - ranee finding
f The movie ni.in who has Invaded
; the church, the political hull, the
j public f hn and is capturing much
I of the patronage of the theater Is
I now going to be the knight of war.
He will be part of the personnel of
every battleship of over every coast
Sa. ""defpnse. While xperlmenta h ive
'' n made with the moving picture
M -roan operating his lamcra standing
T on the turret of the battleship, the
If best results have b en with a
B camera attached to the gun Itself.
B'' In cases when th mark cannot re
Btseen from the Rim the mn hlno will
jj havr- to he stationed elsewhere, but
Btso far good results have not been
9 obtalneil from such operation.
The human eye cannot detect tho
J motion of a projectile through the
Hf air. We can hear the cannon ball
J comlncr, but it conns so swiftly it
! I cannot be seen with the eye, The
j camera, however. Is -wlft enough to
i "atch sight of the projectile. Ac
2,c"rtl, photographs "f projectiles
Jf have been taken by a swift shut
" tor, hut not until recently has the
t'tM moving picture machine been cm I :!
ftj upon to photograph the flight of
m I the projectile.
Tho plates of tho moving picture
.-j I 'camera after taking the picture an
2 ; Tun into a fixing hath, and the 1m
T ' Tl"C-S5t"-in i- Iirmh fixed 80 It an be
'"-j Been on the plate with the it k I
fl l yc, The point when- the piojecMU
H Kptrikcs la shown clearly. In case
?H B the bullet Strikes short of the mark
HI tho distance Is photographed find
! th gun can be raised. Tf It shoots
i over th. marl; the r-'un can bo low-
. : '.'red.
H K. The Americans having been the
-t first to , -r Hi- f. w .) 1 . ...
;Jt doubtless will have it more highly
jS I developed than any other nation
ll f hould wo ko to war.
The advantagi of getting the cx
ct range of the eti-my before he
i SKs your ran-.' is obvious. If VOU
;..Cftn cb. 1. M'vrral shrapnel shells
r3t I n the enemy's trenches or aboard
V" ..his boat b f..re he .an find your
r" anKf' you h.ie v. on i great ad
lJM I vantage. All other tilings being
equal, thr. sble y, 1,,,-h i - in the
"fh-ft telling shot win.--. The same Is
f" .iV"' "f a proleetlb Should a pro
Hit 1,h' b' nr"'1 lm" n l'l s side it
I'll n,v be poc.-li.i,. ,,, s)nV. t i . - -n.-mv
ig?5l b'for h rnn find rour rnnge.
Operating on that theory the Amar-
i ans are sparing no pains to get
t he first shot.
A monster telescope Is mounted
on a cannon to give B large j)icturo
of the spot struck to tho camera.
This innovation in ranee finding is
entirely unknown to the Europeans,
Europe Still contents itelf with
watching for the range with tho eye
and the eye Is likely to err greatly.
The camera never makes oven the
slightest mistake. Tho machine
never thinks Fatlmtly It responds
to the demands of the maker.
Since the birth of tho American
R( public a remarkable progress has
l a ken place In the science of w ar,
.old nowhere bus the progress been
noted more than in range finding.
Tho men who fought under John
Paul Jones took a look at the
whites of the eyes of tho English
and bred. They puller thiir ships
alongside and fired load after load
of cannot shot and rifle balls into
each other. It was a favorlti? trick
of Admiral Jones to lash his Ship to
that of the English und board the
enemy. Imagine the fighters of to
day boarding the enemy's craft. In
' g
those early days of American fight
ing our ancestors won their spurs as
. h tropica shots and gunners of the
While we first earned thnt title In
the das of muzzle loiiding gun
fighting, we have never lost It- A
story of the Battle of Lexington has
it that a. farmer with a single bar
r l muzzle ipading musket of the
Hint lock type, ieft his farm and
hurried across a neighbor's field
to snipe some of the British soldiers
who were retreating from that fa
mous battlefield. He had one load
In his gun and enough powder for
a second charge.
"Why didn't you lake a full horn
of powder." another minute man
If I kill tWO man and every other
minute man does his duty that will
be f-nough, will it not?" Hashed
back the man with an extra charge
The two minute men lay In wult be
hind a fenee for tho approach of
mmm i -
CEBIES of photographs tnk'-n
oi discharge from liq: siege
gun. At top, from lefl to right,
are firsl four photographs of
sei ies, show mcr the fin befoi e
i he shot . the smoke emerging
from the mouth f the gun, the
volume- of Hie smoke incivusmr
and i he olume l smoke so
jrroat it hides the projectile
Photo in circle shows the Bmoki
filling still more space. ( lentral
pliot o shows projectile emerg
ing from the 'dee ()f the smoke.
Lower righl photo shows pro
jectile speeding through the
air These photos were taken
by the same camera al differ
ent times of firing. That ac
counts for the changed posi
tions of Hie men. Note how the
men plat e their hands to then
ears to avoid concussion of
shock. Upper ripht a moving
picture man under the big guns
mi a battleship. &ov 1 r lefl
shows the hig guns in time of
i ei
the retreating English. The man
With two shots took deliberate aim
:it one of the officers and fired. Tho
man fell. The minute man delib
erately loaded his gun. Carefully
he rammed the charge home,
looked lifter the prluilnx. examined
the flint to see if all was in readi
ness and fired ngaln. Another offi
cer fell He then returned to his
home. He had done his duty.
The minute man's desire not to
waste gunpowder was born of ne
cessity Gunpowder was expensive
and ahout the time of the Buttlw of
Lexington It looked as though
there might be need of a great deal
of It before the war was over. Tho
mlnuto men did not shoot blindly.
They flrxt got the range, sighted de
liberately and then used up their
Witting The Mark I
WW) Tho Aid Of I
Photon of .!( guar copyrights by Mulllt
ti'ny of Erkr F.ro Optkitl Coiupnuy
Before the Americans had oppor
tunity to test the power of th lr
ability ns ,-unncrs again, cannon
had come Into use more widely th;in
ever before. Wars had been waged
all o er Kurope.
The Invention of cannon there had
hieJ the American imagination nnd
cannon w:r manufnetu'-od hore
extensively. The Revolutionary War
h id found us with llltlo artillery
The War of 1 S 1 2 found us much
better prepared.
Oen. William Henry HarrlBOD.
fighting in Ohio and Indiana ami
working In communication with
Commodore Oliver Terry of tho
navy, wa ghen the task of ousting
the English who had crossed over
Into the Northwest territory of the
United States and menaced the
ownership of the entire Mississippi
Harrison waited for Perry. It
soon came. Perry, with his sailors,
made his way to the great lakes.
There he chopped down trees and
built a navy to meet the English
lake fleet Men-o'-war of that time
were not tho wonderfully construct
ed things they now are They were
for the most part merchantmen
fitted up with guns for the occa
sion. Perry milled out on the lake.
Although his flagship was riddled
and sunk und r him. h boarded
another of his boats and Mulshed
the battle, driving the English from
the lakes by his grcut gunnery
Perry w is onl following on? the
example of Admiral Jones when he
refused to give up with the sinking
of his ship. Jons was a little more
unusual, however He first boarded
i British ship Then, leaving his
Pcd Shutter Company ; reproduced by cour-
own to sink, sailed away on his
captured vessel.
The Mexican War did not give tho
Americans much change to dis
tinguish themselves for gunnery
on sea. but they bu'.'.t up quite a
reputation on land for quickly Bnd
Ing the range.
At one of the battles In Northern
Mexico, Gen. Zachary Taylor s srapo
artillery as undtr the direction t
Captain Bragg. Grape shot was
something new in the annals of ar
tillery. It was a good deal like our
modern shrapnel. To le more ex
plicit. It might he termed the father
of shrapnel. The shells were load
ed with the shot When tho shell
exploded In the ranks of the enemy
by the burning out of the fuse tho
shot was scattered all through tho
The cost of var was creeping
up even then It was much more
expensive to tight In the Mexican
War than to fight In the Revolu
tion. Captain Prasg so distinguished
himself for his good marksman
ship that the Mexicans retreated In
bad order.
The Civil War Is another example
of nrst-clnss American gunnery. In
that conflict the nhootlng was done
on both sides, however, and it WSS
not until the Spanish American
War that we had opportunity to
test our ability with the enemy
When the Spanish-American war
opened, the report wu current la
Europe that we could not fight sc
ceptably. We were poor gunners at
the best, according to the reports.
Americans were discredited In near
ly cery European port.
But the Americas Josses were so
Alight n the war with Spain that .
the eyes of the world were opened.
Spain was considered tho military j
equal of the United States. She had
n bigger standing army. She had 1
been conducting a long war In f
GUba and had more regular soldiers I
fighting there than we had alto- t
gcthcr. Her navy v. a-s as big as y
ours, although it was far removed f
from the baso of supplies I-
The United States war chiefs lr
called the Oregon to come around L
Capo Horn and help fight Spain I'
Thero were Titles who said she t
would he the prey of Spainiarda
There were Europeans who s-aid sbo
never would be of any use to Amer-
lea again. The United States trust-
ed to the ability of the Americans
to find the range and shoot first and
fast. The Oregon made the trip
without cverit In the meantime
the Spanish fleet crossed to Cuba
and took position in Santiago.
Before the Santiago fleet could
be conquered, Dewey sailed Into
Manila Ray and there surprised the
world by utterly destroying the
Spanish fleet. The Spanish did not
seem to have 2 chance While all
their ships were sunk the Amerl
cans lost nothing. Only a few of
the Spanish Shots found their mark.
The .-tor;, wat repeated In Cuba.
When the Sanplsh fleet tried to
leave the hay, the Americans began
an attack They entirely destroyed
the Spanish fleet, although not a
single American ship was lost In
both cases it was a matter of finding
the range first and shooting ac
curately after the finding.
It s a long lump from Admiral
J. hn Paul Jones and his methods I
of fighting to the methods of Ad
miral Dewey. It Is still a longer
Jump from the methods of Dewey
to the methods which will be em
ployed if America cer goes to war
Today there are hundreds of
things to be taken Into consldera
lion, which never were thought of
in Paul Jones' day. The direction
and velocity of the wind is one. The
wind has a mighty Influence on a
big projectile It made no difference
when your enemy was within pistol
shot. When he is fourteen miles
away It makes a lot of difference.
The gunner also has to reckon on
the wind between him and the
enemy. There are often contrary
currents That Is especially true
when fighting on land where thero
arc many hollows and alleys, or on
sea Just off the coast.
The gunner instead of depending H
on his vision, has to figure out by H
trlangulation where his bulle:
ought 10 land He has to raise his
gun Instead of shooting straight
at the enemy he shoots high In the
air and tho shell falls down on the
enemy. Instead of shooting In the
reneral direction of the enemy, he
has to shoot to the right or left,
according to the wind and the dls
tance to be traversed. He has to
know the. violence of the wind, too.
It Is ilmost Impossible to fight ,
as the minute man and hit tho mark
tho first thing Therefore, the mov
ing picture machine comes in handy
because it makes It possible to find
the range at least after the first
few trial shots A bullet In a olg H
gun cots from JfiOO to JSfiO. We
ran afford to pend B good deal of
monev Just to find the rang before
shooting a whole broadside.
rw down Mr. tt tackles klaf.
It n raping in dpptlr j
Fit pitchlnS AtaflT In on ttif blank. j,
Ills outfield oulr fair
flU Tetcraut nr frsll and II, In
And weak and worn tud near. M
And all ttiat tbff fan do to irlu
A pennant every year. j

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