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THE STAiNDARD MAGAZINE SECTION-OGDEN, UTAH, OCTOBER 1914. '
JULES VERNES FANCY W OUTDONE IN FACT 'WLj. The Modern Submarine Accomplishes NtBfiui- More Than the Mythical Boat Which ' y HrT ! Traveled Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the gft Sea in a Novel .f ;'l wBBBbM The prophetic spirit of Jules Verne. who wrote "Twenty Thou sand Leagues Under tho Seat," sev eral decades ago. was criticised In those days as visionary In the ex treme. The submarine was con sidered In the light of an Impos sibility. It was a toy to play with, but not a machine to fight with. In fact. It was a sufficient feat In 11 polf for a boat to dive beneath the waves like a dolphin and return to the surface. To add fighting qual ities to such a machine was asking too much, but all these injurs have been accomplished. All Jules Verne imagined has come true, yeg, no. re than true, for the submarine in th;s present war Is the terror of the eea. Only the other day a report was brought of the sinking of three British cruisers, representing mil lions of dollars in money, by a sin gle submarine, much less valuable. Is war on tho water to be revo lutionized'' Will the fighting fleets of the future fight their battles In the submarine depths far from the eye of man and away from the range of the movie machine'' War is changing rapidly from the glorious spectacular hand-to-h.ind fighting of the olden times with tho non-combatants on the side lines, to a terrible machine conflict, with the men engaged in the battle noth ing but mere cogs of the machine. The war lords of old clashed their fighting men as pawns. but tho fighting lords of today class them &e cogs. "War is surely losing much of its glory, for what shall It profit & sailor If ho must descend Into tho deep to tight and die there without any one soelng his heroism0 At tho time of this writing It might be well to figure up the more Important losses of ships so far in the war. While no great naval battles are figured in this report, yet the loss is enormous. repre senting a terrific wcjte of treasure. Before this article is published the loss will be increased enormously. LIST OF LOSSES of fighting snips. Here is the list: German-Russian engagement ofl A 'I' TOP A submarine rising to rescue sailors left in a small boat to the mercy of the waves. Right trawler blown up by an unseen enemy. Views of various types of sub marines. Breslau sold to Turkey to cscapo capture. Austrian battleship Zerlnyl and three other Austrian warships sunk in Adriatic by French fleet. Unnamed German d re-d naught reported ashore and out of action at Trondhjam, Norway. German cruiser Magdeburg ashore In Gulf of Finland, attacked by Russian warships and blown up German converted commerce de stroyer Kaiser Wllhelm der Grosso sunk by British cruiser High Flier off west coast of Africa. Two German cruisers and two de stroyers sunk in night engagement off Heligoland. Another German cruiser set allro and several Ger man destroyers damaged. British cruiser Amethyst and destroyer Laertes damaged. Japanese destroyer Shlrotaye went ashore off Tsing Tau and demor tshed by German gunboot Jaguar Seven German destroyers arrived at Kiel badly damaged, believed in fight off Heligoland. Understood they afterwards sank in tho Kiel Canal. British torpedo gunboat Speenln sunk by mine North Sea. British light cruiser Pathfinder sunk by German submarine in North Sea, 2 46 lives lost. British cruiser Warrior reported stranded In Mediterranean after fight with German cruiser. British converted cruiser Oceanic wrecked off north coast of Scot land; all of crew saved. German light cruiser Hela sunk by British submarine; two casual ties. German converted cruiser, sup posedly Kap Trafalxar or Berlin sunk by British converted cruiser Carmanla off east coast of South A merlca. British training ship Flsgard II foundered in gale in English Chan nel. Twenty-one drowned. Austrian dreadnaught Vlrlbus T'nltls reported damaged in Adri atic. Austrian submarine A. E. 1 sunk. No details. British light cruiser Pegasus caught in Zanzibar Harbor over hauling machinery ant! completely 1 wo uerman cruisers and two de- hauling machinery an.' . otiijdetelj y lti.2d Aland Islands, two Russian ships lost. German mine layer Konlgen Luise sunk by British torpedo boat Lanco in North Sea. German torpedo boat sunk off Gedser Light by boiler explosion. British cruiser Amphlon sunk In North Sea by mine. German submarine sunk by Brit ish crulserB in North Sea. .' . German cruisers Goeben and disabled by German cruiser Konigs berg. British lose 2.'. killed. SO w ounded. German armed surveying ship Mowe Bunk by British cruiser Pegasus. Throe British cruisers sunk by a submarine In the North Sea. GREAT LOSS OF 1.1 I I' IS SUBMARINE FIGHTING Tho list does not show accurately the value of the submarine because many of the reports are Incomplete and the work of the submarine as a protective measure is incalculable. A warship does not daro enter a harbor where there Is a possibility of the presence of submarines. Tho German navy, though Inferior in strength, easily held the English navy from attack for a long period by the dread of the submarines. There is another point, which must be taken Into consideration In tho discussion of submarines. In straight hand to hand fighting above the sea level, the conquering battle ships rescue the survivors, picking them from the water. The sub marine does nothing of the kind. Tho lAndon Globe, dealing with the sinking of the three cruisers by submarines, says "Our fleet is necessarily exposed to these dangers It has to wait upon the pleasure of the enemy. It dare not wait too far away, because tin North Be ls small and could bo quickly traversed by hostile fleets. Tho risks must be run and wo need not fear that our men will shrink before them. Nevertheless., death dealt by an unseen hand is the most detectable of all. This disaster will rouse the British fleet to action as nothing else could have done, and the suc cess of this submarine attack may yet prove the death knell of tho German navy." A German submarine recently made a re onnoltrlng erulso to the Scottish coast, according to a letter written by a German sailor and published In the German newspa pers. She was ten days absent from her base and went all along tho English coast, at times under water. "It was the prettiest picture I ever saw," the sjiilor wrote. "Up there like a lot of peaceful lambs lay tho EngHs-h squadron, without care, and as If there wore no German seawolves In armored clothing. For two hours wo lay there under the water on the out posts. We could with certainty have succeeded in fetching under a big cruiser But we must not; we were on patrol and our boat had further work to do." The English Government Press Bureau report of the sinking of the cruisers showed that f.7 naval offi cers had been killed and CO rescued. Twenty-one ofilcer of the Abouklr were killed and IT saved The Cressy lost 25 officers, only 11 being rescued. Sorles told by the survivors of the disaster have failed to clear UJp many of the conflicting points The announcement In Berlin that the three ships were sunk by one sub marine ls contradicted by the story told by Albert Dougherty, chief gun ner of the Cressy, who was rescued and taken to Chatham Dougherty declares he saw five submarines and he shattered the conning tower of one of them. In a dispatch from Chatham tho correspondent of the Chronicle quotes Dougherty thus: "Suddenly I heard a great crash, and looking In the direction of it, BOW the Abouklr keeling over and going down rapidly "We came to the conclusion that she had been struck by a torpedo and kept a sharp lookout for these crafts, while steaming to assist the Abouklr. The Hogue also was clos ing in toward tho sinking ship with the object of assisting tho crew, who were dropping into the water, when we heard a second crash As the Hogue began to settle we knew that she also had been torpedoed. "We drew near and at that mo ment some one shouted: " 'Look out, sir, there Is a sub marine on your portbeam ' "I saw her She was about 400 yards away She showed only a lit tle aboe the water. I took careful aim at her. A 12-pound shot went over by about two yards That gave me the range "I fired again and hit the top. Then the submarine went down. The men standing by shouted: " "She's hit, sir.' and then they let out a great cheer as the submarine sank, and While she was going down two German sailors floated up from her, both swimming hard. "Our captain was on the bridge, and in those critical moments he spoke some words of advice to the crew. " 'Keep cool, my lafls; keep cool,' he said in a steady voice. That was the last I saw of Cap tain Johnson. "The Germans were discharging torpedoes at us while the water was thick with drowning men. Although I personalty observed five sub marines, and although the guns pegged at them, only one was hit as far as I know. "Our ship sunk about 7:45. and when I dropped Into the sea, cling ing to a bit of wood, there were men all around me. Their spirit was splendid. We shouted cheery mes sages to one another. "I was afloat in the sea four hours and then the destrovers hove In ttrht Numbers of men were near me." Fighting by submarines Is much like an Indian ambuscade. The submarines are Invisible except for a small view piece or sometimes a conning tower. A pipe for a look out with the rays of light reflected by mirrors shows the location of the fleet about to bo attacked. That enables the crew of the sub marine to see, though under water. Sugar In America. A statement Just Issued by tho Department of Agriculture, says the United States has ability to produce every pound of sugar consumed by the American people. The department announces there are nineteen States which have heen demonstrated to be well adapt ed to the growing of sugar beets Those States are California, Colo rado, Michigan, Minnesota. Missou ri. Montana. Nebraska, Nevada. North Dakota, Ohio, youth Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, Wyoming. These States contain more than 2,000.000 farms and more than 278.000,000 acres of improved lands. If one farmer In four of these States.'' says the Agricultural De partment bulletin, were to plant a three-acre patch and give It the caro that could readily be bestowed upon so small a plat, it would be unnecessary for us to buy foreign fl "Two-thirds of 1 per cent of the il improved land in this area ls all 'IH that would be required to accom- illlal plish this result. More than that acreage lien Idle, absolutely unused, ' From thin it can be seen that BE devoting the proposed ',030,000 iH acres to sugar-beet production would have an utterly insignificant fll effect in reducing the acreage of BH other crops. If they were grown In LaH properly considered rotation with HsH any of these crops, except cotton 1 and rice, the effect of the beets In increasing the yield of the others Hfl would much more than counterbal- BRI ance the acreage taken from the HqI latter." iHBH The United States and Great Jjwjffi" Britain are the chief sugar import- fiSHi lng countries. Each takes from BMHi foreign lands about 2.000,000 tons 8MB of raw sugar a year Groat Britain HSG has been buying from Europe. MH chiefly from Germany and Austria, BHrTrr about 1,500,000 tons of beet sugar. BpSw the production of which in Europe BraSSI last year was 7,235,000 tons, as fol- Elffiffi Germany 2,738,000 Bwiail Russia . . 1.750,000 Kcml Austria-Hungary 1,710,000 IHEuI Franco 800, 00C fraHs Belgium 230.001 iP! Bervia 7,000 wN?w Total 7,235,000 W&fc Opposing armies have fought for- ESm ward and back across the principal H&jsS sugar producing areas of both w,$y& Franf e and Beleium at the time the crop would be nearly ready for llfV'-? gathering In Germany sugar beets are Ik'"'-' grown largely In Prussia, in Aus- ff V trla chiefly In Hungary and Bo- 'fc'v''' hernia- Sugar beets are cultivated W in many parts of Russia, but very !HT generally in Poland. W hen war came Great Britain gYjSi-v was quick to cover her food re qulrements. She saw h,er usual supply of beet sugar from fighting Europe cut off. Immediately she P;,.' jumppd Into the raw sugar market iBtE and bought cane sugars from Cuba and Java destined for the Americar l?' markets. It Is estimated by Wlllett a ;rak of Nw York that such In- ; itlal purvhasrs of raw sugar by Great Britain, taken and contracted for, total 500,000 tons ud that she will, within a year, take threo times that much more raw sugar, buying it in keen competition with the United States. To Build a House. If you are going to build a new I house or remoJel an old one any one who ha been through the mill will I adi ise you to be sure that you have twice as much money as you think j. you will need. This Is good but an- j noving advice. H A more hopeful word comes from i a recent builder who for a year be- fore her new house "as built kept a scrap book of suggestions. Two scrap books. In fact, one of notes and one of picture. The book of notes was divided into so many t p ice? for each room For Instance, there was the heading "Kitchen," and underneath was noted any prae iiiat ri,. BttmeMi'A Ideas pertaining to kitchens that the owner had ob- ! served, as: "All shelves must be at. or below, the level of the eyes, so that dust cannot collect unnoticed." "B lbi'ep mats used before the j table and sink, are the easiest for the Then came "Pantry" with this . suggestion: "Back opening to refrigerator so it may be filled from the porch." "Window slides into the kitchen.' Room was given space for notes on decoration and Ideas. i In the other scrapbook were kept j Illustrations and photographs of windows, doorways, furniture, cur ; Mil arrangements, staircases, gar- dens anything that "k"1 prove h. ! i . r 1 1 of the new house. The result was that when the honse finally ame to be built th owner knew ekaotly when a cup board was to be built, what kind she I v nted, when the kitchen was d signed she knew In every detail what made for convenience. and throughout the house there was not a room to which her attention i had not been given. I Classical. A voung couple were sitting in ij the con' art cafe and listening atten tlvely to the orchestra. "What's that they're playing?" he asked "Aren't you ashamed " she answered, "not to recognize that' Why, that's ' Handel's Tango:"