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The Ogden standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, July 20, 1916, PIONEER CELEBRATION EDITION, Image 8

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058396/1916-07-20/ed-1/seq-8/

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I .
; C New and Terrible Element of
j Destruction in Military
I - Science a World
i ProBIem.
'. y.
i Liquid Flame, Tear Producing
I and Actual Poison Gas That
I Is Horrible Suffocator.
! :
" Paris, July 20. (Correspondence of
; the Associated Press.) Colonel Spon.
; cer Cosby, United States military at
; tache at Paris, has been speaking in a
hoarso whisper of late. His friends,
have noted it and have expressed their
regrets at his very bad cold. Colonel
i ? Cosby's voice has not permitted him
, ' to reply, and ho has let it go at that
i r luiu. nut iu s not a coin.
I j , The use which the German army
f. has made of poison gas in the in the
f ' present war has brought a new and
s . : terrible element of destruction. Into
military science. Just what this terri-'
' bio new agency Is, what part it plays
; in the offensive and defensive tactics,
and to what extent, If any, if any, It
, must be reckoned with as a permanent
j element in future warfare these are
J problems which the military experts
l' ; throughout the world are trying to
f determine. Here in France where the
; poison gas has been used with most
deadly effect in Champagne, Argonne,
f and all along the fighting line, Its
ravage have been particularly appar
; ent, and the military attaches of many
countries havo been active in secur
ing data for their governments on this
new agency.
r ' , Victims of Gas.
Colonel Cosby shares the keen in
! terest of his brother military investiga-
f tor and in one respect he 'went far
- beyond them. There was ample data,
from the battlefields and the hospitals,
t Mill
where ghastly patients wore a living
witness of the effects of the now ele.
ment. But Colonel Cosby determined
on a direct personal investigation on
the element itself tho poison gas in
all its forms just as a medical sclen
tist has at times put some new serum
to the supreme test on himself.
"But you should be warned of tho
extreme risk," said tho Chief Chemist.
"It is very dangerous a matter of
lifo and death."
Yet againstt he warning was the
feeling that a mysterious agency of
warfare needed to be explored to ita
very end. And so the word was given
to go ahead and the official wheels
turned swiftly in bringing together
all sorts of gas, fresh and powerful,
from the near-by fighting fronts.
Tests Are Made.
The facilities for such a test of tho
gases were not easily obtained. But
these were at last secured, and the
American military attaacho was tho
first and only one to be granted these
exceptional facilities. With these
(Preliminaries arranged, Colonol Cosby
found himself in the presence of long
lines of bottles, ranged Qn shelves,
much as in a chemist's shop. Sur
geons and white-garbed attendants
and chemical experts were about, with
pestle and mortar, vacumin pumps
and air-tight jars, making experiments
and tests of gases and antidotes.
Mnir Yr linncr n lino nf PTI3 TYinslfR
with gaping eye-holes, used to counter,
act the poisonous fumes.
Tho large bottles contained the
various forms of liquid gas, direct
from the front, and in varying degrees
of strength. Most of them showed
a volatile yellowish liquid which on
being exposed to the air gave off the
deadly gases which have wrought such
havoc. There were three distinct
groups of these gases: First, those
bursting into flame and commonly
known as liquid flame; second, the
tear-producing gases, which do not kill
or permanently maim, but which so
blind a column of on-rushing troops
that they become helpless and arc
brought to a halt; and, third, the ac
tual poison gas which suffocates and
kills with ten times the horror of a
bullet or shell. This last, it is the
belief of military experts, is a barbar
ism of warfare which must be ulti
mately banned by the universal senti
ment of civilization. But they are
equally of the belief that the lesser
forms of gas which do not kill but
:!; When Baking Powder Sharpers I
I come to your home and try to" fool you I
1 Show Them the Door 1
.1 , t 'The United States court in Idaho 1
I has declared the comparative water j
j' I glass test a fraud. I
Y I This is the test they use on you to J
I h I get an order for their baking powder. I
; I I Do not waste your time on Sharpers. 1
U j I Keep your hand on your pocket book. I
jl j Buy a baking powder which does not I
t k contain albumen (sometimes called I
l j white of egg.) j
:t! ! I The fake water glass test is never I
i ,", J used by a baking powder company J
? I unless their goods contain albumen. I
j I Mucilage or soap root also makes this I
;r ? . ! fake test possible. K C Baking Powder I
& I contains no albumen, (sometimes called J
: ' m white of egg) no fake tests to annoy m
i I yu n yur ome Guaranteed pure
r v OGf Ounces For OE? B
H jt J (More than a pound JJaWyL-. Hf
jH m&l and a half for a quarter) K
I Jaques Mfg. Company, Chicago H
"Temptation and the Man" I
Drama of the Great White Way, in 5 parts.
I Eddie Eyons "Never
in Again 1
Lee Moran Eddie" D
merely interrupt the forward- progress I
of an attaclc are a permanent clement
of defensive military strategy which
must be taken into consideration In
future warfare.
"This is the least deadly," explained
tho chief chemist, a3 he presented
one of the bottles containing the in.
flamatory gas. He drew the glass
stopper very cautiously, and Colonel
Cosby took a slight whiff of the gas.
It was not overpowering or violent in
its effect only a pungent odor of
ether. Now the second class of gases
were reached tho tear-producing
gases and these too were tested lu
the samo way. These, also, wore not
overpowering but gave the same
sharp odor of ether and a perceptible
effect on tho eyes. Colonel Cosby
was beginning to think the gases were
not so very bad after all.
Deadly Gas Kills.
They had now reached the poison
gas the deadly gas which clutches
and kills. Tho chemist paused.
"You will not try this," he said ap
peallngly. "Yes, all of them," said tho Colonel
positively, recalling tho rather agree
able pungeant odor of .the other gases.
"Then we must bo very cautious."
said N the chemist. "Place yourselt
nbout a foot away from the "bottle,
I will raise the glass stopper the
sugniesi possioie iraciion ol an men, (j
so that only- an. insignificant portion
of gas can escape but it will bo B
enough. Now, ready!" 1
Like Tongues of Fire. E
He drew tho stopper the slightest B
particle, and only for an instant, with 1
Colonel Cosby a foot away. But in I
that instant the Colonel felt he had I
been hurled back twentykeet. Tongues ff
of fires were eating at his throat,
and ten thousand needles were dart- 9
Ing around his neck. It seemed as I
though live vitrol had emptied in his I
mouth and was coursing through his 3
veins. His whole vocal system was 5
paralyzed. The infinitesimal portion j
of the deadly gas had, in an instant, 1
overpowered him.
It was some little time before Col
onel Cosby was in a position to dis
cuss his tests. The chief chemist said
the effect would continue some hours
and probably somo days. It would
be most observable, he said, In eating
or drinking.
Colonel Cosby took an auto home,
his throat still on fire, but not other. 1
wise physically affected. That night 1
every mouthful of dinner had the
unmistakable taste of the poison gas; I
each draught of water had the same m
taste of the deadly gas; and even R
tho puffs of a cigar had the taste 1
of so many puffs of this death-dealing H
gas always the fiery needles and so I
many draughts of vitriol. Colonel 1
Cosby could speak to his family only H
in inarticulate whispers. They were I
naturally much concerned over the I
possible after effects. H
When Colonel Cosby saw a doctor ij
next day, the throat was found to be H
in a very bad condition, as from an
acute attack of laryngitis. The Col- g
onel continued on his duties, but for B
a week he could speak only in whis -
pers. It was ten days before the
clutch of the poison gas on the throat
had been relaxed enough to let him
speak agafn in full voice.
"That's a bad case of laryngitis,"
said the Russian ambassador.
"Yes," whispered Colonel Cosby, "an
acute form, recently discovered by
German scientists a form that kills."
John C. Davis was re-nominated
late yesterday afternoon for district
attorney of the second judicial dis
trict, on the Republican ticket. Five
ballots were taken before the nomi
nation was made, the friends of the
four candidates, David Jensen, A. G.
Horn, Ezra Robinson and John C,
Davis holding out strongly for their
favorftes, until the names of the two
having the lowest number of support
ers were withdrawn The name of Jo
seph E. Evans was thrown Into the
contest on the fourth ballot, but the
Weber county attorney failed to show
any strength.
The final vote was Davis 55, Jensen
19. The results of the first four bal
lots were as follows:
Robinson, IS; Davis 33; Jensen, 29;
Horn, 24 y2.
On the second ballot Robinson had
20, Davis, 33; Jensen, 29, and Horn,
On the third baliotRoblnson re
ceived 22,Davis, 32;. Jensen, 31,
and Horn 19.
On the fourth "ballot -the result
was Robinson, 3; Davis, 49; Jen
sen, 30; Horn, 18, and Joseph E.
Evans. 4
Final Vote. 1
The final vote, which gave Davis i
the victory, was: ' !
Davis. Jensen '
Davis 18 - 5
Morgan 8
Ogdcn, First . .;. . 3 7
Ogden, Second ..w. 1 5 '
Ogden, Third g
Ogden, Fourth 7 G i
Ogden, Fifth 7 4 j
County Dist, 11 14 j
Total wv v.v.v. ...55 49 I
Immediately after the announce j
ment of the vote was made, Attoruoy i
Jensen secured the floor and moved
the nomination be made unanimous.
The motion carried and the closing
order of business was tho making of
the three county chairmen C P Hol
lingsworth of Weber, C. E. Condie of
Morgan, and John W. Thornley of
Davis a judicial campaign, commit
tee. Tho official voto for the district
judges waB as follows:
HowelL Harris.-Reeder.
Davis 22 j 22 o
Morgan .... 8 3 5
Ogden, First.. 10 2 8
Ogden, second 62
Ogden, Third. 8 4 j
Ogden, Fourth 12 ' lov, n-u
Ogden, Fifth.. 10 5 7
County Dist... 22 20 g
Totals v ... 98 68 777
Although the government of China
has officially adopted the western or
solar calendar, and it Is used In' all
!fmIalMC rC,es the old calendar Is
I still widely observed. It Is a luna?
calendar, and the words "ffrst moon
Just say what you need for Pioneer Day and we are prepared to provide it. Smart looking, servipeable and cool
apparel at the right prices. Take a look and you will buy. Such bargains as we offer for Friday and Saturday I
should not be missed. 1
$1.50 values 98c tmmam I
$3.00 Silk Crepe $ 1 .95 I
' $4.00 Crepe and Georgettes $2.95 , 1
Whether you pay cash Our dignified Credit 1
or charge it, our mission SKIRTS System makes it pos- I
is to bring you the best nj j gQ Skirts 98c sille for every man an I
in gearing apparel, to- V.'.'.V.V.'.'.V.V. $1.95 WOmM1 I
gether at the lowest fc? (K well dressed on Pioneer I
possible prices, and we W'UU bkirtS . .MMO Make your selec- 1
do it. It pays to buy : tion from these special I
here because you are DRESSES prices and pay for them 1
protected in your pur- . . . J . in small weekly or I
. c A special lot of Summer Dresses, f 1
chases. y ' monthly payments. I
values up to $10.00, yourfijl ftC 1
choice, while they last. . .V-lstFel 1
1 mmtmmmmm $6.oo Dresses $3.95 wmmmsm I
$8.00 Dresses .....$4.95 I
$12.00 Dresses $6.95 ' 1
All White Shoes md Oxfords. . . . . HALF PRICE $2.00 Parasols 98c I
A complete line of Shoes and Oxfords, $3.00 Parasols $1.39 1
$3.50 and $4.00 values, special $2.50 $5.00 Parasols $2.95 1
HPT TT7 XT A HPTOISJ A T harry reinshriber, Mgr. I
JL JLXJlV 1 . JL JLvIJlLJU 2345 Washington Ave.
"second moon," etc., are used in re
ferring to months; for instance, "the
first day of the first moon" means
the first day of the year. The iatter
varies, with reference to the western
calendar, according to the moon's
phases. In 1915 Chinese New Year
began on February 14; during the
year the first, fifth, seventh, ninth
and eleveiith moons, or months, will
have 29 days and the other seven
months 30. . In some years a read
justment Is made in the calendar
by having an extra, or thirteenth
In trade there are so-called "settling
days," on which the Chinese dealers
make a, special effort to pay up all
their obligations in order to "save
face," or maintain their credit. The
most important settling day is the
l ,
last day of the year, Pebruary 3,
1916; others are the thirtieth day of
the third month, May 13, in 1915; the
fifth day of the month, June 17, In
1915; the fifteenth day of the eighth
month, September 23, in 1915, and
the twenty-ninth day of the ninth
month, November 6, in 1915. The
thirtieth day of the third month, the
twenty-ninth day of the ninth month,
and the thirtieth day of the twelfth
month are settling days for the large
dealers; the others for the small mer
chants. Kansas City Journal.
An unusually Interesting story
about the Japanese situation on the
Pacific coast is In the August Ameri
can Magazine. The writer, Mabel
Abbott, describes how a Washington
farmer named Sylvester Is dusted by
his Japanese hired man.' In summing
up the situation, Sylvester says:
" 'An' the Japs get more work done,
too,' declared Sylvester, expanding
with the unaccustomed sense of en
dorsement. 'A white man'll throw,
say, as many sacks of potatoes In a
day. At the end of the day some
body's got to cook him a big, expen
sive meal of meat to keep his strength
up for the next day's work. A Jap'll
throw more sacks than the white man
will, an' then he'll go get him a
'bucket of rice an wash It at the pump
an' cook it himself.'
"The faces around him had dark
ened. "'That's how they're gettln the
valley into their hands,' Wemmlck
said. 'They can outwork us and un
derllve us.' It's a good thing the law
don't let 'em buy land, only lease It.
If they could own land, I guess in
stead of them workin' for us we'd be
workln' for them.' "
"Interesting conversation?"
"Not very. One of those conversa
tions in which each takes credit for
phenomenal patience in an effort to
instruct the other." Washington
Mr. Newed Oh, well, you wanted
me, Emily, and I wanted you. That's
about the way of it, my dear.
Mrs. Newed-But you wanted mo
first, Jack, you know you did. Life.
ISO so I
SAVORY - rr ' ' ' GOOD
: -.. BRANDS ,;Ht
,so : "' " 5-"-j so J :

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