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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, April 27, 1917, 4 P.M. CITY EDITION, Image 1

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NEW YORK, April 27-Sllver, kJ V L J JW JV f W V W V W'V 'V
741-ac; lead, $9.76; speltpr, S9.125 J ' JL J 17 UTAH Cloudy, with continued cold H
I 9.375; copper, $25.0031.00. C AmT weather In northwest portion. Satur- H
5 - day, fair. M
) Forty-ceventh Year-No. 101. Prce Flve Cenf. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 27, 1917. Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Postofflce, Ogden, Utah. M
i Fiercest Fighting World Has Seen Since Bloody
j I Days of VerdunAttacks Will Be Renewed If
I German Man-power Can Stand
I Awful Drain.
in " .
I Desperate efforts of the Germans to
drive the -British from the captured
heights on the Arras front have failed
, after four days of the bitterest fighting
; that the world has seen since the
bloody days of Verdun.
; Military critics expect the attacks
will be renewed, if the German man-
power can stand the awful drains, as
; the retention by General Haig of the
hills crowning the plain of Doual
spells almost certain doom to the Wo
tan line, the last protecting barrier be
twoen Douai and Cambral.
In the lull of the great battle, the
murmur of the rising currents of dis
, content which are sweeping through
Europe can be heard more plainly.
The Berlin papers are showing con
siderable alarm over the threatened
general strike on May 1.
British Make Important Gains.
; LONDON, April 27. Important po
sitions between Roueux and Gavrelle
and near the Arras-Cambrai road have
been captured by the British, the war
office announced today.
I The statement reads:
Mb "The enemy mtfde a minor unsuc-
lS cessful attempt last night near Fayet,
1 northwest of St. Quentin.
"During the night wo captured the
! quarries on the eastern outskirts of
i , Ilarglcourt.
"Near the Arras-Cambrai road and
on the spur between Roeux and Gav-
rollo important enemy positions were
captured by us.
I "Northwest of Lens a Gormain raid-
ing party was repulsed."
Violent Battle Developing.
BERLIN, April 27, via London, 4:25
p. m. Along the Aisne and in the
Champagne tbo artillery fighting is
developing to a pitch of greater vio
lence, says today's official report from
the western front.
1 Forces Retire Considerable
IIJI Distance North of Samara
I Entrenching in Foothills. !
1 1 LONDON, April 27, 12:30 p. m A
I llf further retirement of the Turks in
l Mesopotamia for a considerable dis-
I I tance north of Samara, recently cap-
I E lured by the British, is reported by
Dill General Maude. The thirteenth Tur-
I if kish corps Is entrenching in the foot
I Iff hills of the Jebel Hamnn range be
llil tween the Tigris and the Dlala, where
II the British are in touch with it.
I it 00
lift WASHINGTON, April 27. Officers
I Is ' reffular army who will command
I El fficers' training camps in the
111 west are:
I Colonel William J. Nicholson, Elev-
III cnth cavalry. Fort Sheridan, 111.; Col-
I f onel Robort L. Bullard, Twenty-sixth
If iriTantry, Fort Logan H. Root, Arkan-
lln sas; Colonel William H. Sage, Twelfth
lift Infantry, Fort Snelllng, Minn.; Colonel
Mr Tyree R. Rivers? detachced cavalry,
l Fort Riley, Kan.; Colonel William S.
I ; " Scott, Slxteonth cavalry. Leon Springs,
I ' Texas; Lieutenant Colonel W. B, Farr,
I ! Seventh field nrtlllery, San Francisco.
i WASHINGTON, April 27. The rail-
. roads of the country and the chief
' Bhippors represented in the National
; Traffic league have agreed upon a 100
per cent increase in demurrage charg-
es over the rate in effect prior to De
cember 1 last, when emergency ratos
were prescribed by the interstate com
merce commission.
t The new rates which will go Into ef-
I feet May 1 provide charges of $2 per
I day on each car detained for loading,
K after arrlvnl at its destination for the
lit first our days, and $5 per day thcrc
Ef aftor-
French Commission and
American Officials Discuss
Part U. S. Will Play.
Ships Great Necessity: Sub
marine Campaign Has Cre
ated Critical Situation.
WASHINGTON, April 27. Confer
ences between France's war commis
sion to the United States and Ameri
can officials on the part of this coun
try will play in the way against Ger
man autocraoy today were well under
Conferences begun yesterday will
bo continued today and it is believed
the commission may havo concluded
its business with the United States
government before the middle of next
Plans may then be definitely made
for its members to visit historic points
including Valley Forge and several
cities, including Philadelphia, New
York, Boston and Chicago.
Immense Program Planned.
The British war commissioners had
nothing before them today but the dis
cussion with American officials of de
tails of the immense program of the
United States' participation in the war
and the next ten days should see the
completed drawing up of plans as to
America's part in the conflict.
Ships increasingly appear as the
great necessity in the war. It is evi
dent that the German, submarine cam
paign has Treated a critical situation
in France and Italy and also in Eng
land, which acts as the relay and sup
ply point for her allies.
Abbruzzl Heads Commission.
ROME, April 27, via Paris. The
Duke of Abbruzzl, cousin of the king
and admiral of the navy, will head the
Italian mission to tho United States.
Senator William Marconi also will bo
a member.
Money to Come From Further
Issue of Treasury
WASHINGTON, April 27. Loans by
tho United States to France and It
aly, possibly within a week, wero in
dicated today.
The amounts of tho loans have not
been definitely settled, but indications
are that France will get approximately
$100,000,000 and Italy a smaller sum.
The money will como from a further
Issue of treasury certificates of indebt
edness. Secretary McAdoo probably will
make tho first formal announcement
of the terms of the forthcoming bond
issue within tho next few days. Ho
has definitely decided not to offer the
entire $5,000,000,000 in one issue. The
first offering probably will bo $2,000,
000,000, and the proceeds will be avail
able not later than July 1.
ST. PAUL, Minn.. April 27. Tho
conviction of Joseph W. Bragdon. a
Minneapolis millionaire, charged with
an offense against a girl, was upheld
today by the state supremo court Ho
was sentenced to from one to seven
years in prison and, pending the su
preme court decision, was released on
$35,000 ball and is being sought by the
LONDON, April 27, 2:25 p. m. A
small explosion occurred in a north
of England munitions factory today, it
is officially announced. One person
was killed and four injured.
Widespread Apprehension of
May Day Demonstration
Violence Is Feared.
Berlin Seething With Strike
Agitation Caused by Food
Conditions and Prices.
COPENHAGEN, April 27, via Lon
don, 1.04 p. m. German newspapers
today indicate widespread apprehen
sion of a possible May day strike.
A proclamation from Chancellor von
Bethmann-Holhveg, addressed formal
ly to the. federal states, but really to
labor, contains both appeal and a stern
warning against further interference
with the munitions work.
A manifesto from the four big mi
ners unions warns their members
against reckless and regrettable action
because of unsatisfactory food condi
tions. "Don't permit yourselves in those
grave times to bo dragged into riot
ing and strikes," Is the keyn6te of the
manifesto, showing that not merely an
orderly demonstrative walkout, but ac
tual vlolonce Is feared in the great
mining and manufacturing districts of
Westfalen and Silesia.
Great Effort to Obtain Men.
Finally there is another official an
nouncement that a great combing out
of tho war Industries Is necessary to
revive men for the army. This gives
tho government any needed justifica
tion for sending to tho front muni
tions workers who yield to tempta
tion. All in all, a strong ferment is work
ing even among the laboring masses,
caused by food conditions, including
the reduction of rations and the ex
treme cost of living. This view Is con
firmed by an American business man
who has just succeeded in leaving Ger
many and who, though ignorant of the
indications given by the German news
papers of yesterday and today, told the
Associated Press correspondent that
Berlin was still seething with strike
feeling and that the impression was
widespread that there will be another
strike outbreak on May day.
Persons horo familiar with condi
tions in Germany, however, express
the belief that tho German authorities
will bo able to cope with the situation.
Spain Cannot Adopt Neutrality
When Honor and Interests
Are at Stake.
PARIS. April 27, 4:55 a. m. The
Marquis Prleto, Spain's now premier,
In an Interview with the Madrid cor
respondent of the Petit Journal, de
clares that Spain cannot adopt neutral
ity when its honor and Interests are
involved. Incidentally the premier in
timated that his administration was
prepared to support tho vigorous note
sent to Germany by Count Romanones,
his predecessor, in respect to the sub
marine Issue
German Spy and Seven Trait
orous Americans Brought
Before Federal Court.
NEW YORK, April 27. Franz Von
RIntolin, alleged German master spy,
and seven Americans accused of hav
ing conspired to institute strikes in
munitions plants, wore brought before
the fcdoral court here today for trial.
The other defendants are David La
mar, known as "The Wolf of Wall
Stroet"; fonnor Congressman H. Rob
ert Fowler and Frank Buchanan of Il
linois; former Attorney General Frank
S. Monnett of Ohio, Henry B. Martin,
a Washington lobbyist, and Herman
Schultcls and Jacob C. Taylor. They
are said to have operated through the
medium of labor's national peace coun
cil. Counsel for Rintelln sought delay
on tho plea that bis client will bo un
able to obtain a fair trial, as tho jury
will look upon him as an enemy.
Judge Cushman overruled this objec
tion, as he did also a plea by tho oth
er defendants that as "loyal American
citizens" they should not bo forced to
stand trial with an alion enomy.
LONDON, April 27. Many persons
aro reported to havo been killed by
an earthquako In Ttiscany .and Umbrla
Thursday, according to a Rome dis
patch to the Exchange Tolegraph com
pany. The province of Umbrla is directly
north of the province of Abruzzo Ultra
II, where 24,203 persons wero killed by
an earthquake January, 13t 1915,
Petrograd Crowd Drives So
cialist Audience Into Street
Small Riot Occurs.
Rank and File Generally Re
pudiate Pacifist Element
Full Victory Desired.
PETROGRAD, April 26, via London,
April 27, 8:45 a. m A small riot was
precipitated last night when a crowd
drove the audience of the Socialist Le
nino in the street as a protest against
his exhortations for a separate peace
and his attacks on the provisional gov
ernment. A score of Lenine's follow
ers were arrested, but the agitator
himself remains at liberty, as the gov
ernment fears that his arrest would
make him a martyr.
Lenlne, who recently returned from
exile through Germany, has become
the leader of a faction of Socialists
who desire the end of the war. He is
living in the palace of the dancer,
Ksheeshinska, a former favorite of the
emporor, from the balconies of which
he dally and nightly harangues his
followers. It is generally assumed that
he is in the pay of Germany.
Rank and File Object.
With the new freedom of speech in
the press and assembly there is a de
luge of new dailies and periodicals
and numberless conferences and con
ventions of peoples of all trades, pro
fessions and callings. The separate
peace element appears to be concen
trated in the group under Lenine's
domination. Their views are quite
generally repudiated by the rank and
file of the Socialists and working
classes and even by the Socialist
peace party, which Is working for a
unanimous cessation of the war. On
the question of peace the newly es
tablished Workingmen's Gazette says'
"Every day tho bourgeois newspa
pers Tepeat the same thing, namely,
that peace without annexation means
a separate peace and that those op
posed to a separate peace must con
tinue the war to a full victory and the
ruin of German militarism and impe
rialism. That Is an error. We do not
want a separate peace, because Bel
gium, Serbia and Franco would bo vic
tims of such a peace."
The paper then outlines the peace
conditions which it advocates and
which are based on a restoration of
the previous map of Europe and full
freedom for all nations.
Between $400,000,000 and
$500,000,000 Required
WASHINGTON, April 27. Between
$400,000,000 and $500,000,000 a month
probably will be required by the allied
nations in war loans from the United
States, preliminary estimates in Sec
retary McAdoo's hands today ind?
Great Britain needs $200,000,00 to
$250,000,000,000 a month; France $100,
000,000 to $125,000,000; Russia not
more than $100,000,000 and Italy about
$50,000,000. These figures are tenta
tive, but Secretary McAdoo is anxious
to reduce them speedily to a definite
basis so that he may recommend soon
to President Wilson a program for is
suing the necessary securities.
Very Joyous News for the'
British People Is Word Sent
to England.
WASHINGTON. April 27. Arthur
Balfour, head of Great Britain's mis
sion, today sent to England his first
report of tho reception accorded the
commission and the progress of nego
tiations, which, It was stated, would
bo "very Joyous news for the British
people." Tho report will be made pub
lic through the London official press
Rear Admiral Sir Dudley R. S. De
chalr today was presented by Secre
tary Danlols to the heads of all the
navy bureaus for an intimate discus
sion on submarines, patrol, blockade,
construction and kindred subjects.
This is tho beginning of detailed con
ferences to work out lines of co-operation
between tho United States and
the entente
Lord Cunliffe, governor of the Bank
of England, went to New York today
to confer with bankers.
Lieutenant Gonoral Bridges had an
appointment today to see Marshal Jof
fre of the French mission.
Mr. Balfour devoted the morning to
sending hla dispatches to England,
lunched alone and went out to drive
in tho afternoon.
French Writer Explains Why
Army Widened Their
Recent Attack.
Germans Lose 100,000 Men in
First Two Days of
PARIS. April 27, 4:50 a. m. Under
the caption "Why we attacked," a writ
er in the Matin points out that before
tho present forward movement began
the German plan undoubtedly was to
escape from the grasp of tho allies.
He continues:
"To frustrate this plan the French
widened their attack so as lo overlap
tho front on which the Germans were
retreating. The result was that the
enemy found both his wings involved.
He decided to fight on the first line
and the French plan was altered to
"The result of the first and second
days' fighting was that the Germans
lost fully 100.000 men and what was
moro Important, were obliged to en
gage thirty-three out of their forty
three reserve divisions.
Dearly Bought Results.
The dearly bought, but valuable, re
sults of tho Alsne and Champagne op
erations are mus:
"First, the enemy was prevented
from carrying out his own plan, thus
disposing of tho famous Hindenburg
scheme which was to be followed on
the conclusion of the retreat from Nay
on; second, the enemy was obliged to
order his troops to hold out on the first
line, but the whole line has been cap
tured, a tactful success to which must
be added heavy losses In men, material
and guns."
Success of Submarine Cam
paign Continues Great and
Losses Are Small.
BERLIN. April 27. via London, 12.20
p. m. A confidential statement In re
gard to the progress of submarine
warfare has been made by Vice Ad
miral Von Capelle, minister of the na
vy, to the relchstag main committee.
An official statement regarding the
minister's communication was given
out here today, showing that he told
tho committee the success of the sub
marines continued to be great and the
losses small. Reports already at hand
showed that a favorable result could
be expected for tho month of April.
Tho reduction of tonnage at the dis
posal of hostile nations, ho said, was
taking place with mathematical cer
tainty,' thereby increasing the lack of
foodstuffs, while tho want of pit-props
had made itself felt In the sharpest
CHICAGO, April 27. Wild fluctua
tions occurred at the opening of the
market today, May wheat rising 15 3-4
cents to $2.70. This was followed im
mediately by a tumble to $2.58 1-2. Tho
volume of trade was small.
July advanced 9 cents to $2.25 and
September 7 3-4 cents to $1.95. July
and September held most of the gain,
while May was declining.
A car of No. 2 red wheat was sold
in the sample department of the board
of trade today at $3.04 and at St. Louis
a car of the same grade brought $3.10.
These prices far outstrip all previous
I oo
WASHINGTON, April 27. Action to
prevent even a suspicion of graft in
tho disbursement of $3,000,000,000
army funds has been taken by the
war department.
The following order has been sent
"Tho purchase of any article, pub
lication or other way by which an of
ficer of the army would derive finan
cial profit will not bo permitted to be
made from public funds during tho
present war."
Every effort to decentralize tho ad
ministration of army funds will be
mado In the interest of quick service,
but officers will bo held rigidly accountable.
WASHINGTON, April 27. Hearings
on the general increaso in freight rates
will be held before the Interstate com
merco commission beginning May 7.
During that week It is expected the
railroads will put in their case. Hear
ings will be resumed May 23.
Capture Trenches on Heights,
Advance at Other Points
and Take Prisoners.
Spirited Artillery Fire Occurs t
I Along French Jpront With
Good Results.
PARIS, April 27, noon. The French
havo captured several trenches on the
heights around Moronvilllers and have
also gained ground near Hurtebise and
Cerny, the war office announced today.
Ono hundred and thirty cannon hav
beon captured since April 16.
Tho statement follows
"Tho artillery fighting was rather
spirited south of SL Quentin, in tho
sector between Nanteull la Fosse and
Sancy and near Vllle aux Bois. Dur
ing the night German surprise attacks
against our front were repulsed.
"Near Hurtebise and Cerny we
gained ground and took forty prison
ers. Near Moronvilllers wero captur
ed several trench elements and occu
pied a point of support east of the
Mountain Without a Name. During
an incursion into the enemy lines, at
the forest of Le Pretre, French de
tachments inflicted heavy losses on
the adversary, destroyed shelters and
Drought back prisoners.
"Between Soissons and Auberive
sinre April 16 we have captured one
hundred and thirty cannon."
German Minister of War Ad
mits Field Post Letters
Show Discouragement.
COPENHAGEN, via London, April
27, 11:52 a .m. General von Stein,
German minister of Avar, admitted be
fore the reichstag military affairs com
mittee yesterday that field post let
ters from soldiers at the front showed
a certain amount of discouragement,
but that, in general, the spirit of the
troops was good.
The committee then sent assurances
of solid support to the army which
the radical Socialist members of the
committee alone refused to sign. The
committee rejected a radical Socialist
proposal to establish a committee of
parliamentary control to supervise the
conduct of the war Herr Stuecklein.
a Socialist, complained that men were
sent to tho front as a punishment.
ft I fil w! ft 1 1 r lu
fill I EjI alu AYJUttlJIu I u
Army Needs Arms and Muni
tions and Nation's Existence
Is at Stake.
AMSTERDAM, via London, April 27.
Berlin newspapers publish an appeal
made by General Grooner, director of
munitions and supplies which has
been placarded in all public places.
He says:
"Our army needs arms and muni
tions. Did you not read Hindonburg's
letter? How dare you defy him?
"He will bo a mean hound who does
not work as long as the army is oppo
site the enemy. The worst enemies
aro among us. They aro small-minded
people and those who instigato a strike
must bo branded before tho nation as
traitors to the fatherland and to the
army. Those who listen to their words
are cowards.
"Who dares to stop when Hinden
burg commands him. to work. We are
not far from the goal. The nation's
existence is at stake."
LliuLluiI uUiWI
German Destroyers Attack
Ramsgate, Kill and Injure
Civilians Wreck Homes.
LONDON, April 27, 1:05 p. m. Ger
man destroyers attacked Ramsgate
last night, tho war office announced
today. A large number of shells were
fired, but tho destroyers wero driven
off by land batteries.
The official statement follows:
"The daniago and casualties occa
sioned by the enemy during the bom
bardment of the East Kentish coast
last night are: Killed, one man and
one woman; injured, ono man and
two women.
"Damage was done twenty-ono dwell
ing houses and two stables. Ono horse
was killed."
Settlement of Irish Question H
Essential to Speedy Vic- H
tory in War. H
Must Be Converted From Dan- H
gerous Suspicious Neighbor H
to Loyal Comrade. H
LONDON, April 27, 2:26 p. m. In H
an Important speech at the Guild Hall fl
today, Premier Lloyd George discussed H
the military situation, the Irish ques- M
Lion and other of the major problems M
with which the government is now en- M
gaged. Tho premier's speech was in M
acknowledgment of the conferring on M
him of the freedom of tho city of Lon- H
Referring to Ireland, the premier
said: M
"Wo must convert Ireland from M
a suspicious, surly, dangerous neigh- H
bor to a cheerful, loyal comrade. Set- H
tlement of the Irish question is essen- M
tial for the peace of the world and es- H
scntial to a speedy victory in the war.
I appeal to the patriotism of all men H
to sink everything for tho one purposo H
of getting this question out of tho H
After alluding to the organization of H
the ministry of munitions, the pre- H
micr said: H
Real Chance In Fight. H
"Now, thank God, our men have a H
real chance in the fighL The Btory jH
now is very different from what it was H
in the early stages of tho war. Be- H
fore June, 1915, wo lost 84 guns and H
a considerable number of prisoners. H
Since that date wo have not lost a H
single gun, while we have captured H
400. Regarding prisoners, we have ta- H
ken at least ten to one. The tide has H
now turned. Victory is coming in- H
creasingly nearer. H
"During the first eighteen days of H
the Somme battle we captured 11,000 H
prisoners and eighty-four guns Dur- H
ing the first eighteen days of the Ar- H
ras battle our captures wero 18,000 H
men and 230 guns, whilo we gained H
four times as much ground. This jH
meant not only ultimate victory. It H
meant victory is going to be won at H
less loss and our chances are growing M
as our equipment is improving and the H
Germans know It. That is the explana- H
tion of the despair which has driven H
them to black piracy on the high seas. H
Enormous Food Problem. M
"This is the next job we have to H
deal with. Our minimum problem is H
to feed a population of 45.000,000 in H
a country which is not self-supporting, M
to provide the necessary material and M
food to equip our armies and keep the H
seas free for the transport of our IH
troops, of ourselves and our allies. M
That has had to be done against tho H
swarm of pirates moving unseen under H
the trackless seas, since tho Germans jH
determined to sink all craft indiscrini- H
mately without warning. There is no H
doubt we have lost many ships, but H
they brought America in and I am per- M
fectly satisfied with the balance. Anier- H
lea, after great patience, came to the M
conclusion there was no use of wav- M
ing a neutral flag in the teeth of a M
shark and she is definitely with us to M
put down this menace once for all." M
"The best brains of America and M
Britain are concentrated on this prob- M
lem. There never was a human prob- M
lem which was not solved." M
Dealing with the effort to make tho 1
country self-supporting, the premier 1
said guarantees to the farmer and tho 1
farm laborer had brought a million 1
fresh acres of land under cultivation. H
Germans Are Determined. M
"1 do not say that the war Is going H
to continue through 1918," Mr. Lloyd- H
Georgo said, "but if the Germans knew M
that by holding out until tho end of iH
1918 they could win. they would hold H
out. If tho German knows that the M
longer he holds out the worse It will H
be for him, peace will como much ear- M
Tho premier said plans were be- B
ing made for the harvest of 1918 which H
would guaranteo that without a ton M
of foodstuffs coming from abroad no M
one would starve. But tho country H
must help In husbanding foodstuffs. M
Tons of Imports Cut Off. H
The premier then outlined the steps H
already taken by which 11,000.000 tons H
of Imports would be cut off and added H
that Great Britain would ge three H
times, perhaps four times, as many H
new ships this year as last. H
He continued: 1
"Tho Germans think we arc done H
for, but they do not know the race H
they arc dealing with. I am confident H
that if our present program is carried M
out the submarine campaign is beat- H
on H
WASHINGTON, April 27 That the H
captain of the German submanno M
which sank tlfe Lusitania should be H
brought to trial before an American M
tribunal at tho close of tho war was H
the demand made today before tho M
American Society of International Law M
by E. P. Wheeler of New York. M
The opinion was generally expressed JM
that a durable world peace must take M
Into consideration a Just control of tho M
economic intercourse of nationB. M

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