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IT I' K1X 74S: VfLlJ V ylljUJtlt Dvit- I l"V VvX- V TWELVE PAGES IH $9.3759.625; copper, $25.00 to $31.0o'. SaL-' fc ' T f y UTAH Tonight generally fair, pre- H - ceded by local rain this afternoon; H . . Nji. rrmJ colder, with frost In west portion; H v" v Thursday generally fair. H - FEA&LESS. INDEPENDENT. PROGRE SSIVE NEWSPAPER. H Forty-second Year-No. 105. PrIce F " H - " J OGDEN CITY, UTAH, WEDNESDAY ' EVENING, MAY 21917. Entered as Sccond.Clao8 Matter at the Postofflce, Ogden, Utah. H tl - 1 I U-BOAT MENACE alarming U. S. I Four Hundred Thousand Tons I of Shipping Sunk by Ger H mans in Week. I SERIOUS PROBLEM 1 Study of Inventions to Com- bat Enemy Submarines Be I ing Diligently Pursued. 1 WASHINGTON, May 2. Secretary 3 Lane told the governors conferring I here today with the council of na tional defense on the part state gov ernments will take in the war, that the federal government had heard 400, 000 tons of shipping had been sunk in i the last week by German submarines. The destruction, Secretary Lane said, was not only threatening the ex istence of England and France, but was alarming the United States. Study of inventions to combat the subma rine menace is being diligently pur sued in the interior department, he raid Secretary Lane declared he believed the war would last several years and that eery resource of the country must be brought into place to bring ii to a successful conclusion. "Many persons thought," said Sec retary Lane, "that all we had to do I was to issue bonds and that Germany would bow her head in submission. Nothing could be farther from the truth We do not know when this rar will end. It may not be a one )ear war Personally, I believe it will last several years." Hoover Informs U. S. Herbert C. Hoover has informed this government that Germany has food enough to last two years, per 1 taps longer. "Germany has put up the greatest fight of history and. she has the ad vantage of now fighting a defensive warfare. Don't go back home and in spire your people with the thought that immediate action can bring this ar to an immediate end Your peo ple must look to this year's crop and nest year's crop, and the next after that. "We can't afford to fail in this war. Every man In the country is involved In this work and every man in the wintry is a soldier." The United States must build ships 2s rapidly as possible, Lane told the delegates. "If we don't fight the war on the other side," he said, "we shall have to I fight It on this side of the Atlantic." Lane Warns People. Secretary Lane warned his hearers against discontent and attack on the government. Always, he said, there is dissatisfaction with those who are I directing a war and he urged his hear- i ere to base their criticism on facts aid not on rumor. Secretary Baker asked the state rep resentatives to co-operate with the .overnment in putting into operation I the army draft law. He told of mili tary and industrial preparations, and described difficulties the government faces in raising the greatest army in tie history of the country, and of the Eeed of supplies, especially farm pro ducts and ships. States Should Aid. The states, Secretary Baker said, &n assist the government by giving wpport to the draft, aiding recruiting d seeing to it that proper exemp tions are enforced and that men need ed at home are not sent Into the army. "We are not going to work," he jald, "with our right hand or our loft fcwid, but with both hands, and every toaQ in the country can aid." Secretary Daniels asked the aid of ho states in recruiting the naval per sonnel to 150,000 men, after the new bUl is passed. Later, at tho state department, Sec retary LanBlng, in response to In Qilrles, said. "It may as well be recognized that the submarlno situation is very se nous." nn ID SUPPLIES K SEIZED t,Gpvernment to Take Posses ' ort of Part of Nation's Sup : ply, Says an Official. '.CHICAGO, May 2. Plans to seize at l.-st a part of tho nation's food supply 2 being considered by tho United 6icj Government. This was admlt- k today by District Attorney C. F. f ,lyne. who said that within the last r in ,days district attorneys from the mp'Rsippl valley have conferred in fS0 n. means of taking over the J ' mil? Glared that any further infor p "on must come from Washington. oo FRENCH COMMISSIONERS SNAPPED WITH SECRETARY LANSING IN WASHINGTON Ate - MWwMm04 9r woo t .vflixoo. sy"" ) Left to right: Secretary Lansing, General JofTre and M. Yiviani. THIRTFFU II S SULK LOST Captain Harris Reports Five Gunners, Third Mate and Boatswain Saved. LIEUTENANT LOST One Death From Exposure Explosion on the Vacuum Was Terrific. LIVERPOOL, May 2, 3:10 p. m. The safety of Captain Harris, five gun ners and the third mate and boatswain of the American tank ship Vacuum, all of whom had been given up for lost, was made known by the captain him self in a telegram received today by the American consul H. L. Washing ton. This telegram reduces tho loss of life to twenty-three, about thirteen of this number being Americans. It in creases to eight the number of gun ners saved. It also places the loss from the crew at eighteen and the saved at eighteen. The captain's meager telegram gave the first definite news of the loss of Lieutenant Thomas, U. S. N and the death from exposure of R H. Loreo, but did not tell how the survivors reached land. Explosion Was Terrific. Leslie Hatton, the wireless operat or, of Niagara, Wis., who. from the wireless hut, saw the wake of a tor pedo and the periscope of a subma rine, said the explosion was so torri flc that It blew a hole right up through the ship abaft tho engine room and put tho wireless dynamo out of com mission. "I therefore," the operator added, "was unable to send wireless calls. When we were in the small boat the submarine appeared on the surface and mado a square hit .with the first shell on the wireless hut, shattering it." Frank J. Yorney, the second mate, who lost his life when the Vacuum went down, was making his first trip after the torpedoing of the American steamship Algonquin, last March Ycr ney was also second mate on that vessel. oo- ENEMY AIRPLANES RAID ITALIAN TOWN ROME, May 1, via Paris, May 2. An official announcement today says "Enomy airplanes last night raided Villa Vlcentina. Immediately a squad ron of Italian seaplanes and a section o? military airplanes bombarfed vrlth visible effect enemy sheds In the ivl cinlty of Triest and returned to their bases intact. An onemy airplane also raided Vallona yesterday, doing insig Sflcant: material damage. There were no vtetlms." i UK RINTELEN li!S GUT Made Efforts to Embroil United States With Mexico and Japan. FOMENTED STRIKES Planned a Pro-German Pub licity Campaign and Con spired With Seven Others. NEW YORK, May 2. Efforts to em broil this country with Mexico and Japan so as to stop the shipment of munitions from the United States to the entente allies were, by his own as sertion, mado by Captain Franz Rin telcn of thfl German navy, according to testimony given here today at his trial on a charge of conspiring with seven other men. Americans, to fo ment strikes in munition factories and on docks. The testimony was given by John C. Hammond, an advertising man, who said Rintelen came to him with a plan to carry on a pro-German pub licity campaign, details of which he gave tho department of justice at the irne. oo turks occupy TDWNOF MUSH Constantinople Reports Rus sian Evacuation of Import ant Position in Armenia. CONSTANTINOPLE, Tuesday, May 1, via London, May 2, 1:50 p. m. The evacuation by tho Russians of Mush, in Turkish Armenia, is announced by the war office. Tho town has been occupied by tho Turks. Mush is an Important town olghty threo miles southeast of Erzerum, for ty milos west of Lako Van. The Russians have been in posses sion of virtually all of Turkish Arme nia since last year and there has been no indication of any change in tho mil itary situation which would cause them to retire. ADVENTIST3 FEAR WAR WASHINGTON, May 2. Sevonth Day Adventists, fearing misunder standing of the declaration filed with the war department asking exemption from military service which would vio late tholr "conscientious obedience to the law of God" today directed atten tion to paragraphs of tho declaration. Those expross tho willingness of mem bers of the organization to aid the gov ernment in this war In any capacity which would not violate their convic , tlons. French Commission Recom-1 mends Participation of Amer icans in Fighting Germans. HAVE MORAL EFFECT Food Shipments Must Go First Troops Would Divert 500,000 Tons. WASHINGTON, May 2. The French commissioners today had as surance that the American govern ment is willing to send troops to France one of the urgent recommen dations they brought to this country when the allios believe they can afford to spare the necessary ships for trans porting an army and its equipment across the Atlantic. The administration has put aside the objections of the army general staff to sending any troops to the bat tle front until a big force has been raised and trained for nearly a year, and has decided that for tho sake of the moral effect of America's actual participation in trench battling a small contingent shall go forward as soon as possible. This will be soon, It is believed, al- , though the government Is mindful that nearly 500,000 tons of shipping would bo required for a regular army unit of 24.000 men. and that this amount would have to be diverted from car rying food. oo GERMANY MUST Governmental Methods Clear ly Proven Failure Bureau cratic Barriers Must Be Removed. AMSTERDAM, via London, May 2, 6:25 a. m. The Hamburger Fremden blatt has come to the conclusion that the German political system is a fail ure and must be changed. The paper says: "There is no use theorizing. There is something wrong with our govern mental system, as Is clearly proved by Germany's political failures and In fact by the whole war. Fresh blood must be infused in the government" The Fremdenblatt advocates the re moval of the bureaucratic barriers in order to allow tho parliament and gov ernment to work In closer touch. oo BRITISH EXPERTS TO STAYIN U. S. Will Help Work Out Ar rangements for Shipping, Mu nitions, Food and Trade. WASHINGTON, May 2 The Brit ish mission expects to be here at least ten days longer. Then tho party will leave for Now York and possibly a short trip into tho mlddlowesL Sev eral experts will remain permanently in Washington to help work out the arrangement agreed upon and to rein force tho staff of tho British embassy. Included would probably be a shipping, munitions, food and trade export. Reports of fresh peace offers from Berlin brought forth tho statement from the mission today that a series of feelers were oxpected during the next few months. As an Immense amount of quiet peace efforts has been under way by Teutonic emissaries, but no credence Is being placed in their acceptability. Germany was stated to have made ad vances proposing surrendering her conquests in tho east and west on con dition of retaining her Balkan way to Bagdad and Mesopotamia, but the al lies havo been moro united against that plan than agnlnst any other proposal. TRAFFIC IN HABIT FORMING DRUGS WASHINGTON, May 2. Traffic in habit-forming drugs In the United States has beon reduced many-fold un der tho Harrison anti-narcotic act, and is decreasing annually, nccording to reports to tho national drug trade con ference meeting here today, by Inves tigating committees. The conference was attended by representatives of druggists', manufacturing chemists' and phyeioiajia' oruanizatlons. HAWAIIAN YOUTHS LOYAL TO THE FLAG If y ( ?St MC it 1 :& M 3P MK J faF $ &&$ I tflfl If i - -v l$&mk$A K . eft; ? Gov. PInkliam of Hawaii presenting a new flag to the color squad of th boys' brigade oi tbg government Jiigh jschol atjonolulu. ruippinn nniT 10 i ItKLb rluil lo t Russian Attack on Heights North of Oituz Valley Re pulsed With Heavy Loss. BERLIN, May 2, via London, 4:55 p. m. Severe fighting was begun on the Rumanian front yesterday. The war office announces that a Russian attack on the heights north of the Oituz val ley was repulsed and that heavy loss es wore inflicted by the Germans. on GERM ATTACK M AISNE FRONT Assaults Only Partially Re pulsed by Troops Violent Fighting in Champagne. Air Squadrons Throw Pro jectiles on Military Estab lishments of Germans. PARIS. May 2, 2:07 p. m. The Ger mans made several attacks last night on tho Alsno front Today's official announcement says they were partial ly repulsed by French machine gun fire and grenades. In the Champagne the French made progress. Tho statement follows: "Near Chemln-des-Dames the artil lery was fairly active. On the Cerny-Hurteblse-Craonne front the enemy made several attacks on our trenches and small posts. Tho attacks were partially repulsed. "In tho Champagne the artillery fighting nttained a degree of violence In tho sectors of Mont Cornlllet and Mont Haut. Grenade fighting occurred In the wood west of Mont Cornlllet, In which wo made progress. Near Eparges our detachments penetrated the Gorman lines at several points, de stroying defense works and returning with material. "On Monday night French air squad rons throw projectiles on tho military establishments at Laeon, Vouzieres and Rethel. oo GERMANY'S WAR L0SSJS GREAT AMSTERDAM, via London, May 2, 7:55 a. m. One million, threo hun dred thousand Gormans have perish ed ln tho war, according to a state ment mado by Joseph Frledrich Nau nann, formerly a conservative member of tho Reichstag. Herr Naunann, lec turing on the "Influenco of the war on population," said in part: "Until now tho war has caused a loss of 1,300,000 dead. This, together with tho decrease in birth, gives a re duction of 3,800,000. The surplus of femules has Increased 800,000 to far moro than 2,000,000. Tho nation has bled as never since the thirty years war." I 4. FLEETNEEDED Great Problems Before Allied Nations Closest Possible Co-operation Needed. WASHINGTON, May 2. Vice Ad miral Chocheprat, representing the ministry of marine in the French mis sion here, issued a statement today which, in part, follows: "Tho United States is in possession of the most powerful fleet in the world next to the British, and this is bound to weigh heavily in hastening the day when final victory will be wrung from the foe. "You must not expect mo to discuss in detail our general war plans, espe cially as regards our campaign against enemy submarines. I need only say that that is a question claiming pri ority above all others "You will understand that I have fully and frankly explained these prob lems to your high naval officials. I have every reason to hope that we shall succeed in establishing the clos est possible co-operation between the American allied navies for the assur ance of tho freedom of the seas, the protection of trade and the triumph of our rights." Conferences between the members of the mission and representatives of tho United States continued oo ARE CONFISCATED Eleven Officers and 35 Men From Steamships at Samoa Are Confined. PAGO PAGO, American Samoa, Ap ril 1G. (Correspondence of the Asso ciated Press). Information that a state of war had been declared be tween the United States and Germany was made public hero by Commander John M. Poyer, the governor of Am erican Samoa, Saturday, April 7, after the two German ships In the harbor had been seized by naval detachments. The vessels arc the steamships Elsass, 6,591 tons, and tho Solf, 3.40S tons. Tho machinery of the boats was prac tically undamaged. Tho eleven officers and 35 men of tho crews of the two vessels were at breakfast when the bluejackets board ed them without warning. They were removed to the shore, where the in terrupted breakfast was continued. The officors have been given quarters in tho station barracks and the sail ors confined in the building used by tho island government as a jail. nn BIG MAY DAY FETE. PETROGRAD, via London, May 1, 9.45 p. m. The Russian capital today Inaugurated its first great May day fete without fear of opposition from any reactionary quarter. The weath er was beautiful and numberless pro cessions passed along the streets throughout the day. Everything pass ed off in perfect order, although a million persons participated in the pa rades The government had proclaim ed the day a general holiday IS TORPEDOED II German Submarines Sends H Down Steamship Rocking- H ham Thirteen Missing. H TWO BOATS ARE SAVED !H Thirty-three of Crew Picked HH Up by Patrol En Route ' BS to Liverpool. HSI LONDON, May 2, 6:14 p. m. The IBH American steamer Rockingham has '&9H been sunk by a German submarine. IMfl Thirteen men are missing. BH Two boats containing thirty-three ;HH men were picked up yesterday by a il patrol vessel. One boat containing 13 il men is missing il The Rockingham carried guns and tH a United States naval crew when she H left Baltimore, her owners said. llll NEW YORK, May 2. The Amerl- iHH can steamship Rockingham, formerly fll the steamship Nebraskan, was of 4,- IH 10S tons gross. She was built at ll Camden, N. J in 1902 and was owned ll by the Garland steamship corporation. H It was announced by officers of the tl corporation here that the Rockingham !H left Baltimore April 19 for Liverpool HH under command of Captain Charles B Edwards of Brooklyn. Captain Ed- ,H wards is a naturalized American of ' English birth. '1 The Rockingham carried forty-nine H men, including many Americans. The H , crew numbered thirty-six, and the na- tB val contingent consisted of a lieuten- l I ant and twelve men. The value of the IH ship and her general cargo was $3,- ! 250,000. The vessel was due in Liv- il erpool today. 1l oo ll MANY NEUTRALS fl 2d M Seventy-five Norwegian Ves- p t sels Sunk and Over 100 jf Sailors Lives Lost in April. vut H T H CHRISTIANIA. Norway, May 2, via L M London, 11:22 a. m. Seventy-five Nor- ".'e H wegian vessels wcro sunk by German 'jn H submarines in April and more than 100 ,jir H sailors lost their lives. If such a '0. H monthly loss was maintained Nor- q. H way's merchant navy would be de- ,'n H stroyed in a year and a half. jn IH v. H LONDON, May 2, 11:20 a- m. Ac- n- H cording to the Central News, the Nor- n iH wegian foreign office has announced V, H the sinking of the Norwegian steam- ha H ers Hectorla and Langland by German io H submarines. The crews were saved. .jd H oo I H 1 K hf I no I nr Uli Ulilliull LIliL f Is 1 Both Sides Active at Various H Points Between Lens and . J M St. Quentin. Ja vM LONDON, May 2. 1:42 p. m. "Both jH the artilleries were active during tho ) H night at a number of points on our a H front between St. Quentin and Lens," jj H says today's official statement regard- V1 H Ing operations on the Franco-Belgian P H front. i' H "In the neighborhood of Fauquissart JF H German raiding party was repulsed. 'fl jH Otherwise nothing occurred." Jjl" H BENEVOLENT ORDER f H of I AMERICAN SCOUTS The first meeting of Benev- H olent Order of American J Scouts will be held at Eagle H Hall, 2437 Hudson Ave., at 8 p. m. Monday evening, May 7th. All members are M requested to be present at H this meeting. It is desired M that all members get ac- H quainted and gain a full un- H derstanding of just what this J M society is offering in the line H of unusual advantages to M those who join its ranks. H E. J. SPOONER, Chief Scout. f H 1 , jj H