Newspaper Page Text
I Although a large amount of Information
i jas been circulated on tho planting and
Jrcsslng of tho potato crop, so far very
I little has been raid on the storage ques-
u tlon. which Is quite as Important a piece
f -work as any so far carried out,
A certain amount of wastage In unavoid
able from one causo or another, but the
grower must rcallso that unless care and
forethought arc exercised she may find
that tho whole store has been lost
I When largo quantities havo to be dealt
nrlth things must bo done on a larger
I ic&lc. but this article In for the housewife
I j vho puts away her own Individual winter
' The best place to store potatoes In small
i , quantities Is a dry. frost proof shed. The!
I floor should bo covered with straw or!
' packing and the potatoes must not bo
J stacked more than two and a half feet
A layer of straw or sacking should be
J laid on the top to keep out the light. The!
i shed should bo ventilated on all sultablo'
j occasions and during a hard frost addl-
I tlonal straw should bo added on the top.
I "When no shed Is available, tho potatoes
t may be stored In thick bags and kept In
' ' tho pantry, but It Is advisable to sprinkle
i flowers of sulphur among the tubers.
I During the lato autumn the potatoes
1 should bo picked over every two or three
I creeks and any dlscused ones removed
ji i During hard weather extra covering
i should be put over the sacks at night and
removed during tho day, or kept on con
I Unuously' If the frost Is unusually severe.
A collar can bo uscn for storage If
I1 special attention Is paid to the vontlla-
U tlon. particularly during the first months
I 'i 3f storage, the door and window being
', topt open when the weather Is dry
, j ( OLD COLLAR RETURNS.
' The old fashioned berthe has come back
Ijttj , it Is many years since It was Inst in style
i; ll' tnd the vogue then was so pronounced
that it remained In fashion for several
j r ( icasons.
i It Is Lnnvln who has revived the be-
1 , coming ruffle of lace to bo worn across
! ' tho front and back of tho dress and over
j ' the shoulders. Originally, tho lace berthe
was worn principally as an accessory of
, j ihe oveplng dress, but now we may employ
r !t to outline tho square or round neck of
j tho afternoon frock,
i By courtesy the bertho may bo square
j cut as well as round, although It really
, losc3 Its early characteristic when shaped
( Into anything but round or oval contour.
l .formed by the gathering of the flounce
t or by circular shaping a pieco of tho
ji , material of which the dress is made
, j . Nowadays the berthe may bo edged with
J V fur. If that seems too weighty a finish,
j 1 the fur may be transposed to form a
I i, .heading.
' i t . ,
If ' A PLAY COSTUME.
I In any group of children the envied
. wearer of a "play suit" Is . leader and
1 J director of the moment's business. And
what moro ecstatic . happiness for tho
H small boy than to march out among his
r companions In a splc-span new cowboy
!. outfit or Indian suit or Jack Tar togs.
i , The child becomes for the time what he
, Imagines he Is, and half a dozen plr- suits
j t i will make him half a dozen different lndl-
f. rldualo In as many mornings and lncldon-
1 tally keep him busy and happv and out of
j! mischief In his own back yard
'l Some of the delightful costumes thai are
I h all readv for the little lad are: Military
; suits, sailor costumes, cowboy outfits, In-
I dlan chief outfits, policeman and fireman
uniforms, and baseball suits. The small
I" Sirl may have a' cowgirl suit, a nurse's
i ; uniform, a military v Iform or a squaw
J Women Performing Hard Tasks of 'Men .in Big Chemical Plants
FOR as long as the oldest employe of
the General Chemical Company can re
member woman's plnco has been in
.lie office To-day she is working side by
side with the men at tho Hudson Hivor
works of the company at Edgcwatcr, Js".
o., uoi uucimsc mero is a scarcity oi inoor
at this plant, hut because the General
Chemical Company is for proparcdncss.
Patriotic women have been invited to
enter the works and fill whatever posi
tions for whfeh they are adapted. ' Forty
eight of them have thus far donned the
bloomers. The company hopes to recruit
at least two hundred more.
Officials of the company have made it
plain to their men employes that tho new
comers are not to supplant them. The
women are to begin in the yard, which is
to be a sort of clearing bouse for the ap-,
plicanls. The yard also may be described;
as tho elementary grade of the school of j
preparedness. The other day, when the
writer visited the place, it resembled ai
kindergarten. The young women and I
girls entered upon the most menial duties'
with as much enthusiasm as a child clasps!
n new doll on Christmas morning. They
brought joy to jnded foremen, who have
tried in rain to inspire men workers with
a feeling that the work they were doing
was worth while.
Tho result of this enthusiasm has been
apparent in less than a week. A woman
who was carrying stock from one place
to another when she began a week ago
is now operating a radio drill. It is true
that she had had machine shop experi
ence, but she had to io through the clear
ing honse first. Other cirls were helpers
to armature winders and machinists; still
others were painting, packing, shipping
and the like.
Often the workers are too willing. W.
T. Shortall, master mechanic and respon
sible for so much of the work in tho yard
IJ The Outer Appearances
f The house was very ugly and bare and
seemed to those who passed It the outward
' . expression of a beggarly spirit cither of
i j j tho tenant or the landlord, so uninviting
i j was it with Its straight boxlike lines. Its
i l crying need of paint and Its cheerless wln-
! dows and tightly closed doors that offered
i ' no friendly welcome to any who might
' ) ,r come within Us radius.
I And then one morning, overnight as It
3 were, the house seemed to have turned In
, , Its sleep, to have shaken Itself'Jn pome
j way out of Its rigid lines and to have put
on an entirely now faco to greet the
, j ' parsorby.
. : .
f .. EXPRESSION OF SELF. I
I I 1 It was not any larger. It was not any
' 1 cleaner, on tho outside. It was not anv
i " newer as to paint or any less stralcht and
j box like- Tet. somehow It seemed to smile
i i '' at one, as If wishing-to mako friends with
i ' Ihe world.
'The shades were up. for one thing, and
! ! a different kind of shade too. It seemed
' they were. They did not look dull and
drab, but were irreen a soft and restful
j shade, that rave a certain dignity to the
) wide, old fashioned windows.
' Ther It seemed almont as If thre wer
pleasant secrets back of these windows, be
hind the nt curtains of tho drawing room,
the saah cnrtMns of dotted swIfs. nil care
fully bofrllled. and the moro pretentious
curtains of velvet that added a tone of clc
eance to the HVarv, From one of the win
dows a big box of chrysanthemums chal-
lenged the admiration of those who gazed
upon their brave beauty, and from another
I ferns rent out a suggestion that summer's
wealth had not yet beon absorbed by
The door wm ptlll clod. but It was
shlnlnc clean, and through Its plain glass
i one conl5 soft tho dainty handiwork of
A furry dog, tiny but large with friend
liness, barked at tho lauchlng baby that
1 suddenly appeared In tho rojuvenatcd
houee, "and the notes of a piano could
1 often be hiard. sometimes accompanied by
. , a singing I voice. In ragtime or lullaby,
fresh and clear.
I. It was difficult to ltallzo that the house
' was not different That It was no newer,
way than It had been day before yester
day, bofore the first tenant moved out
and tho new tonant moved In.
But when ono stopped to consider, one
realized that this was so. that it was not
at all the house Itself that was different
bu those who made their home within
and whoso personality It expressed
It Is so difficult for us to realize that
the outward things about us are not sep
arate' from themselves they arc our
solves The house wo live In. the clothe
JTf TCf ruh0 VCry f00d w cook- cxpr.s
not only the outward but the Innor self
A very charming woman who haa lived
for nearly three score ypars and ten has
become famous with her family ani
friends bocnusc of the happy faculty she
has of maklncr a home wherever she may
bo For many years she haa not had any
money to speak of. but wherever she is
and whatever her circumstance she cre
ates about her a charming environment.
Onuo sho wa3 forced to Hvo In a very
unattractive neighborhood In a vcrv uirlv
hH S b;eak J that her friend'
nltled her. for they knew she so loved
But when sho had made her home there
for six monthsi it was no longer unattrac
tive. "Vnth the aid of a cardener once or
twice a week she planted her garden
tending It for the most part herself. A
home carpenter built flower boxes, "and
she herself made hanging baskets for hir
ucly front porch.
Soon psoplc began to notice the beautv
of the rooms through the wide curtained
windows, for this woman did not shut
hor?elf away from the gaze of the friendly
world. When she had been In tho neigh
borhood for ono year no ono would have
known It for tho same bare, ugly, unin
CULTIVATE THE BEAUTIFUL.
Tho spirit of beauty that prompted her
to always havo flowers on her dining
table breathed In everything sho did
and transformed any ugliness about her.
Let us remember that beauty after all
Is one of tho least costly thlncs in the
world. We may all havo It, If wo care
for it enough to tako the time ahd
r llr t" - . t -Unrrvttr vo nro
! ill' "
WitlSlSJ f 2E5ltlMlUF( OENDO cC ANGELINA 'MM
that he needs the long legs with which
nature has endowed him, said that hi
principal task was to hold them back
from the tasks that are suitable only tr
men of considerable strength. Fie laughed
as he made the comparison between Mon
day morning and Saturday noon, when
all hands were glad to quit for the half
holiday nnd Sunday rest. On Monday
the superintendent presented him to mon
th. twenty girls and young women, nil
attired alike except for their shoes, and
told him to find work for them.
Mr. Shortall looked at the girls, taken
aback for a moment,' although he knew
that the problem was to he submitted to
him for,solution. They returned his stare,
hardly less abashed than he.
"Hofr am I going to boss this crowd?"
he mused. "It's tough to order n woman
ro go to piling brick and shovelling ashps
But I s'pose it's got to be done."
While he was trying to get a grip on
himself tho newcomers relieved the situa
tion for him. As if by prearranged signal
Ihey clamored in chorus :
"Well, what do you want us to do?"
In five minutes they were scattered
over the yard. One girl was placed on a
.smnll motor truck for instruction. Others
went into the new stockroom with paint
brushes and pails. There was a shortage
of help on the ash heap and here others
found employment. A girl who said that
she knew how to handle a horse found a
seat on n eart While men lifted carboys
into a freight car two energetic young
women set them back into, the oomor of
the car. This was soon after half-past
seven o'clock. At noon there were some
unusually healthy nppetites to be satis
fied. This, in a general way. is a description
of what has happened in a week nt Edge
water, X. J. Officinls of the company
were satisfied that they knew what they
were doing when they issued this notice:
A Patriot Announcement.
"To the employes of the General Chem
ical Company. Hudson River works:
"Our country has been forced into a
war which, on account of recent dovclop
ments, may last a number of years. The
longer it last6 tho larger mnst grow onr
, Capable Women, and Their Doings
Women are helping to save crops In
Colorado has forty-nine women county
France has a woman blacksmith.
New York Is tho twelfth State to give
women full suffrage
England has an excess of over CCO.000
women agricultural workers.
Moro than fifteen per cent of tho muni
tion workers In Lyons, France, are women.
Queen Helena of ,
Italy Is housing hun- fjiai8aS6jS
rcds of children In gplJ? ffik
tho royal palace. j 5&iiiS7Xo
Mrs. O. W Naylor MSmM,
Is acting as porter In WM'th
tho Cleveland depot .of fWSa
tho Nickel Plato Rail- ggg&ifc. r3tf&
Farmers In Southern j, M&
Indiana aro paying pT Js&E'
women as high as 12 gjfjfe
per day to help har- SaflgiW
vest their crops. fnWmi?
Sovcral of tho largor v?Jj4!r v'
department stores In-:;,' ' ,',2.'"" t " '
New York city are 0U" "SOJTALV
employing women to
act as floorwalkers.
Nearly thirty-seven per cent of tho fe
male wage earners in this country are
employed In stores, mills and factories.
More than 10.000.GOO women now havo
Presidential suffrago in the United States.
Women school teachers in Japan receive
from SS o $7,50 per month salary.
Statistics show that femalo wage earn
ers lose moro time on account of sickness
than do males.
Charwomen employed In the municipal
buildings In Baltimore have had their
nav Increased to per month.
The Laclede Gas Company, of St Loul3,
Is training women to read gas meters so
that they can roplace mnlo Inspectors
who may be called away to war.
Although they have won the right to
voto In Now York State, women arc
prohibited from serving on Juries, as they
do In other States.
Tho first time women in New York
will have a chance to cast a ballot will
probably be In Brooklyn In January,
where a vacancy In Congress exists.
Pennsylvania's women are In the lead
In tho number of food pledge cards signed
In tho United States. More than 750.M0
have already been signed by housewives
In the Koystone State.
More than six thousand women are em
ployed In combing the battlefields In
France, whore everything Is being salved,
ven old boots being picked up and made
o do duty again.
Women of New London, Conn., havo
appealed to the Police Commission to au
thorize the appointment of a squad of
women ro keep children off tho stroets
after a reasonable hour.
A million women to act ns home sruards
and take the places of men who aro In the
army Is the aim of the "Women's National
Home Guard of America. Just organized In
One of the first moves In the Interest of
women In New York, where thov recently
gained voting recognition. wll be .the
establishment of club houses for them In
each Assembly district
The practice of medicine Is much In
favor nmonrr the women In Japan, and
alrradv there are more than thrco hundred
f thrm who are practising medicine in
'hat countrv. where they earn as high ns
$200 a morih
The warres paid women workers In the
French muniti on factories are graduated!
according to tho character of the, work
and to their capacity. Tho average varies
between the minimum of eight cents an
hour to tho maximum of twenty-eight
cents an hour.
Mrs, Anna C. Ladd, a sculptress, of Bos-
FOR EVENING WRAPS.
For those who do not care for the
gorgeous mctalllcs and tho luminous vel
vets there arc self-brocades In soft satin
or In satin and velvet which arc decidedly
worth while for tho wrap.
In some Instances these come In dull
gray, which combines beautifully Tvlth
chinchilla or with hotter grade 0f squirrel.
And right here it Is worth noting that
Austrian opossum 13 back and Is being
used alike for evening and day coat3.
Kolinsky is another fuj to which the
Paris and American designers havo been
partial In Its association wjth rich wraps.
Ermine, of course, is considered tho fur
par excellence for evening wear.
It Is wonderfully alluring whon associ
ated with the beautiful vclvcta or with
dark cades. It docs not acem to be as
offcctlvc when. It Is used to trim the
metallic garments, perhaps because the
latter need a dark fur to bring out their
ton, has offered her services free to th'
government and will devote her time ir
restoring disfigured faces of soldiers
marred by gunfire.
The Duchess of Aos
ta. cousin of the King FT
of Italy. Is Inspector i!c vJJvay
of tho Italian Red ifeaS
Cross nurses SsmSB
French women em- SKS
ployed in the various SSgBTW
Industries of that 7m
country havo proved ir!w5y S
to bo more efficient ir-.' B
than tho men. all
hcl W. Mick, a it
twelve-year-old girl of Jsg
Omaha. Neb., evolved . ' J$&fg
the schome for tho or- l?Q$4sr MiWl:
ganlzatlon of tho Ju- frfe - -..acw
nlor Red Cross. DUCHESS OF AOSfA
of New York city. Is Jn favor of appoint
ing women as members of the Board of
Fducatlon In that city.
Miss Pat McCoy, of Omaha, Neb., lays
claim to the title of world's champion
drummer. Although she 13 only twenty
one years of ago, she has In the lost fow
months sold more than $100,000 worth of
fiuccts. ells, valves, fuller balls nnd pack
In? gasket to construction officers at thr
various cantonments now being built
throughout tho United States.
"Wonderfully pretty are the now chiffon
blouse ollpoverj. which Immediately add a
dressy touch to a simple waist and skirt
costume. The chiffon slipover is a wisr
of a thing in tho hand: donned over a
blouse of white 'silk or net or ono of
darker silk or net. If Its wearor prefers
lt resolves Itself Into a gay bit of fcmlnlnir
The neck la cut out In a shallow square,
edged with hemstitched plain chiffon, and
there aro very wide armholes also finished
with plain chiffon hems. The front ox
tends Itself Into long, broad sash ends,
which aro tied at tho back cf tho waist In
a big" "bustle" bow.
Ono of theso pretty slipovers, say in
flowered white and rose chiffon, will dress
up amazingly an ordinary white Georgette
shirtwaist, worn with a separate skirt of
dark mohair, serge or satin.
array and nary, recruited from the man
( power of the lnud.
j "It; is the duty of all loyal citizens,
j both men nnd women alike, to help the
country In its fight for liberty, inspired by
, tho examples of the countries of our
j allies, whore the men have gone to the
I front and (he women are Inking up their
work at home.
"Our company has therefore decided,
I in preparation for what the near future
j may bring, to offer opportunities now for
I patriotic women to come into our plant
and work in positions for which they
m.'iy" be fitted, the understanding being
that no present employe will be dis
charged to make way for theso women
; We shall simply rearrange certain work
j so as to provide the necessary openings,
and aro sure wo can count on the loyal
fo-operntion of all our employes in help
ing the women 'do their hit'
"Please inform anv woman von knnn-
who would be interested that applications
in this work will he received beginning
Wednesday. November 14, 3917."
The officials had expected results from
that notice, it is doubtful, however, if
they were prepnred for the flood of appli
cations which followed. Three or four
times ns ninny girls and young women
could havo been put to work thnn actu
ally were employed, but the company
held true to its policy of careful investi
gation. Every dny finds new bloomered
employes in the yards nnd shops. Appli
cations have been received from women
from all parts of the country. Some
of the women who are doing their "hit"
are shown in the photographs herewith.
WAYS and MEANS i
WAR TIMES ! 1
Every one knows the far reaching ef- 4 A
fects of cheerfulness, of what It mcan3 to P '3
bo associated In business or In tho homo ' !-
with a happy, optimistic Individual, and" $ -
wo all know, sadly and only too well, what J' 0
such an association Is If the person Is pM. gt
slmlstlc and "grumpy."
The fact Is well understood In ordinary,
every day times; hut In these days, while .
under the shadow of a war cloud, this 1
fact should be taken into consideration 1
aa unusually Important. j
t KEEP CHEERFUL. 1 1
It Is Important whon life Is at such a 'i
tension to look upon the bright side of 1
events, to try and see all things optlmlslic- I
ally. It may be In some cases that this
Is all one. can do to help win tho war All I,
cannot go to the tronohes or to ha hos- '
pltals, and to some It must scorn that nn . '
mnttcr how willing and anxious they may
bo to be of service there is little or nothing 1
for them to do.
That Idea Is false. If nothing else is open ?! M
to them always and every day tho great 'j M
spirit of enthusiasm and interest can be $
kept alive and added to Interest In all )
that tho country Is doing. Interest In th t
public events of the city, the parades, the r1
flag raisings, the camps, the food 'rcgula- fi
Enthusiasm Is a great gift that spreads ?j
In ever widening circles from Individuals t-
until It la like a great wave that cannot f
be stopped and that rushes far up the
beach of the world to wash away the ugly
debris which has collected there and to h
make the world cleaner and purer for the
generations to come. I. '
It Ib a forco that can accomplish the I
seemingly Impossible. Not that tho win- fr
nine of the war s an Impossibility, for It
is one of the moat certain things to which j(
Amorlca has ever turned her hand, and -!
she will do It at whatever cost the task Ji
may demand. But enthusiasm will help j
the winning, will quicken the day when W
the shadow of the war cloud will pass V
from our lives. Jp
There Is the cheerful acceptanco of what-
over trials tho war may bring, the self- 4j
forgetfulnoss in big or little sacrifices, the
romembranco of the devastated homos, lr:
the sufferings of the people of Europe in J;
contrast to our comparatively easy lot. i
Above all there Is the Inspiration of the t
Ideal for which wo Are waging the war, u,
and In the thought that this country, dls- g
regarded by Germany because she thought
we were too money loving and easy going fflnj
to endure Inns, linie nnrnntnA ,nnrinxn If
will accept them for the sako of that Ideal ilia
for which our forefathers fought liberty. fl,
CO-OPERATIVE INTEREST. 2
? (1 '
Surely there should be enthusiasm, In- !; ...
terest and a fine fervor In all that one ' im
does these days. Each one who helps win '' .
the war by auch encouragement will be
doing his or her part and doing It nobly )
None should feel that they can't help, for '' 12
they can. not In actual, tangible things, RC
perhnps, but not one person need lack tho ' C:
stirring spirit of enthusiasm which will "
help nerve those who are sacrificing In
the midst of this war cloud itself and will J
help bring the glad day when the world 4
will be free and at peaco. f
Canning and Preserving Jft
1 Pickling Is an important branch of home
preparedness, and It Is still not too latf
to mako use of a few belated vegetables In
that way. Following aro some recipes
vouched for by the National Emergency
Food Commission, each of which has been
asked for by our roaders :
Tho fermentation process of making
sauerkraut is simple and Is preferred by
many to the salting method. The outside
leaves and tho core of tho cabbago should
bo removed and tho rest shredded very
Either summer growth or fall cabbage
may be used. Immediately pack Into n
barrel, keg or tub. which is perfectly
clean, or Into an earthenware crock hold
ing four or five gallons. The smaller con
tainers are recommended for household
Whilo packing distribute salt as uni
formly as possible, using ono pound of
salt to forty pounds of cabagc. When
tho container Is almost filled press the
cabbage down as tightly as possibio and
apply a board cdver which will go Inside
For this mvor s1a- n.wi r.
nttch, such as tjasswood. Glazed plates
make excellent covers. On top of this
eover place stones or other weights (uslns?
flint or granite and avoiding the use of
limestone or sandstone"). These weights
iervc to forco tho brine above the cover.
Allow fermentation to proceed for ton
lays or two weeks. If tho room Is warm.
Tn a cellar or other cool place thrco to
'i'o weeks may be required. SWm off the
11m which forms when formentatlon starts
THE RED HAT. I
Every ono knows that it Is only a darlns
woman who will put on a bright red hat.
"mly those who are utterly careless and
ntlro nogllgcnt of their appearanco rush
into tho field of red millinery.
In the new hats, howovcr. these dark
shades of red predominate and they aro not
to have the danger signal over them
Nearly every woman in tho world can wear
a velvet hat In the tones called beetroot
There Is a touch of that rich mahogany
In one and that ;arth brown In the other
that makes them suitable to tho texture of
the skin and the color of the eve
md repeat dally If necessary to keep this -fiv
.'Mm from becoming scum. "When gas hub- ' Jl?
bles ccaso ,to arlso the fermentation is s
complete. ; jHfcir
If there is scum. It should be removed. IB
As a final step pour melted paraffin over M
the brine until It forms a layer from ono- -M
quarter to one-half Inch thick to prevent N
the formation of scum. If the weather Is
co"S.r 8toraBe Place Is not woll
tTlS l-S 10t n,cccasnrv unle-rs tho kraut Is jl
to be kept a long time. Tho kraut may
bemused as soon as the bubbles ceW to
Greon Tomato Pickle. 4
luiiHwoes maKe a very n
satisfactory wlntor salad In combination Mili
with lettuce and mayonnaise. 'Wt'
Combinations of tomatoes, onions, pep- MS
pcrs. cabbage and spices arc endless in Br
number, and they provido cheap and dc-
lightful variations to monotonous winter M'
lightful dishes. To make It take four W?i
quarts of green tomatoes, four small 0
onions and four green peppers. Slice tho 70
tomatoes and onions thin. SnrltVf2 Mfts
nhl Vr ? CUP 0f sa,t nnd 'cave over
night. In crock or enameled vessel. Ph.
The next morning drain off the brine Mkr
Into a separate vessel put ono quart of if S
vinegar, one level tablespoonful each of IJf"
black pepper, mustard seed, colory seed. WCl
cloves, allspice nnd cinnamon and three-
quarters cup of call. f V"
Br,.nt; t0 ,a bH and then add the pre- WtZ
oared tomatoes, onions and peppers Let - Hi'
boltfortwenty minutes. Fll.d 2 W,
HINTS FOR PIE BAKERS. JK
The next time you bake pics, especially Jftr1
Juicy pies, try adding a little cornstarch Wk
to the crust Ono teaapoonfnl to a pie will 'Ml H
Try mixing the sugar and flour and add-
Ing It to the fruit before putting your nlo Su
lumpLeofdf.our. Wl" "0t bUc ,nto J'r
Do not stretch tho top crust tight. In
n ?infihe Cd?.S t0Sct"cr(push tho e,RB
i P CFX8t lovard tn ccnlre of tho Mti
PJ.. ?h'S ft.,l0w-l p,cnty of roo'n tor the 1 ,
fruit to cook and prevents the cniHt from V fe,.
bursting onen and the Juice ecapln" 'mk