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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, January 11, 1918, 4 P.M. CITY EDITION, Image 4

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lab Take no chances." When you buy Aspirin gig
demand the original unbroken package 1a5g
;ggl and see that it bears the Bayer Cross. Vgj
g Then you will know you are getting the t5
ifS one true Aspirin
ifti Sslli&U "The Bayer, Yoar Caarantea S
h Cross J f Pari"
mil1 ftft ''Si3 TABLETS in Pociftit Dose of 12-Bottlcf of 24 nd 100 3
V ll?f CAPSULES in Salod Packacc of 12 and 24
M$ - ItZs 5 . -t J JlfP&fr. . The trd-mrk " Atplrin " OlfC- U. S. Pt. Off.)
W) T fcJl '." AvrL7'V,VSSLr U froarnt lb rooncacellearidcsUr JVSn
Hik - -4 "c.vl 1KjlMt' 4 2 llcylJciil In then UbUtt vnd ijSfiU
K5?J-3 f JiiVJCjPi'HbA ecul Uof th r:lb! Dijir Vttfe
An Independent Newspaper, pub
Uthod every evening except Suna&y,
vlthout a muzzlo or a club.
I The Associated Pros la exclusively en.
titled to the uoo for rcpubllcaton of all
tows credited to It or not otherwise
I credited In this papor and also ,mo local
j news published herein.
After two months of delightful win
ter weather, Ogden can accept tho
,now fall and frost of the present
storm with a feeling of resignation.
Last winter made the average Og- .
drnite an easily pleased individual in
the matter of clouds or sunshine. The j
storms started in October, 1916, and
continued almost without interruption
up to tho spring period of 1917, and
during all that time the days of sun
shine could be counted on tho fingers
of one hand. ' j
' Whatever the weather may be from j
I now on, the disagreeable features of
j last winter cannot be equaled,
i Today's forecast tells of rising tem
peratures, so that by Sunday anoth
er pleasing spell of mild weather is
lo be expected.
What wonderful back-sight we all
' possess? Today there is no one so
I humble or nearslgnteu mat ne uuw j
not feel called on to criticise the mis
! takes of the . war and navy depart-j
When Secretary Baker of the war
department was being examined yes
terday by a senatorial commission,
questions by the score, which were j
criticisms, were directed at him.
The senators who were doing the
grilling should have been asked a few
Senator Chahberlain said: "Why
did you faiL to order guns when war
became Inevitable?"
What a nice farce our diplomacy
would have taken on If, while we were
constantly talking peace and, preach
ing neutrality the war department un
mistakably was secretly getting ready
to make an attack on the central power.-?
The ono big thing in favor of the al
ii c : . in their refutation of tho German
accusation that tho allies brought on
1 tho war. Is the irrefutable evidence
that England and Franco were unpre
J prred for war, Great Britain having
no reserve ammunition and no equip
i '
l in ii i 1 - -. -1.
I China Music
HI Chinese Costumes
H A cracking good specialty along
Hl this line at the Elks' annual show,
"The Whirl of Mirth," Orpheum
theater, January 14, 15, 16. 50c,
1 Wholesale and Retail.
Auto & Electric Supply Co.
1 Phones 2564-6
1 325-326.38. Waeh Ave.
1 ,
I ment for a largo army. Thoso coun
tries could not have plotted a world
cataclysm. So with tho United States,
tho big outstanding fact in favor of
our professions of an earnest desiro
to keop out of tho war, was our failure
to plan for war.
Now it takes something more than
the mandato of tho secretary of war
lo start the machinery with which to
equip an army. Congress first must
act, and every one recalls how Blow
the senators and congressmen wore in
getting final action on the war meas
ures which gave power to thodlffcrent
departments of government to con
tract huge debts, totaling billions of
dollars, without which no army worth
while could bo brought Into oxistenco.
The declaration of war camo sud
denly, following German acts of piracy
which proved tho Berlin government
had made promises which the kaiser
and Ills advisers had no thought of
I keeping.
J No one man nor group of men had
the perspicacity to know all that
should be done or the genius to uner
ringly do that which was required to
convert peaceful, unarmed America
I into a great military camp. Not oven
i the nucleus of a great organization
was available, and therefore, mistakes
of judgment and of inefficiency were
Even today if Senator Chamberlain
were to be requested to map out an
ordnance campaign for the future, he
would either blunder in underestimat
ing the needs- of the American forces,
or enter into tho wild domain of fancy
which has no place when every dollar
must be applied to the greatest, most
j urgent need.
Looking forward is much more dif-
ficult than looking backward. Even
j Napoleon, if he could have foreseen
certain difficulties, would not have
ended his days on the island of St. He
lena in 1821.
When the poultry show opens In
Ogden next week, tho local poultry
men will more thoroughly work put
their plans, for helping the United
States increase the "meat" supply of
the country.
Experts declare that by stimulating
chicken raising, tho nation can obtain
the quickest response to tho demand
for a greater supply of meat, which
has become. essential to the feeding of
our army in France and the allied
forces depending on America in great
I part.
' There are millions of eggs produced
' in this country which, instead of be
' ing eaten, can be made to produce
millions of pounds of poultry, and that
transformation from eggs to chickens
Is what the poultry men are being
urged to bring about.
Every home, where there is a yard
large enough to place a coop, can bo
instrumental in increasing the chicken
supply of the United States.
In an editorial in tho New York
Times of late date, a vigorous protest
is made against any form ,of peace
which may mean eventual disaster for
the peaceful nations of the world.
Just now the pacifists arc hysterical
with joy over the German peace terms.
The German peace terms are that .the
status qou ante be restored in Europe.
The status quo ante is tho thing that
caused the present war and will
cause more unless it bo utterly de
stroyed. But tho status quo onto will
never be restored exactly as it was;
for under that status there wore some
nations that did not enjoy the blcBB
ings of permanent conscriptions. Eng
land was ono and the United States,
Brazil, Canada, Argentina and Aus
tralia wero among tho others. Thoso
j nations will not be caught napping
.again. If tho geographical and politi
cal status quo ante is restored, it will
follow as tho night tho day that the
1 unmllltary status quo anto will not bo.
If the unmllltary statUB quo ante is to
be restored, the geographical and po
litical ono must first be put beyond
' The German .terms, disguised under
, t,he title of "no annexations and no
indemnities," mean that Germany will
i return, undefeated and undlacouraged
to the aerie from which for forty
years she watched her chanc to
pounce on the flocks and herds in the
plain nclow. If she is permitted to re
turn there, tho shepherds will bo on
their guard. They will watch that aerio
for the next descent; and they will
watch it with guns in their hands. And
modern guns coat money. In plain
wordB, tho accoptanco of tho German
terms means uncscapablo permanent
militarism for the whole world, and
when thoso who favor it masquorado
under tho misnomer of "pacifists" It
is as if tho Battalions of Doath wore
to call themselves "Quakers."
Tho BolBhevikl organ Isveatla sees
in tho Gorman torms "hopo for a dem
ocratic pcaco." A democratic pcaco
which returns Palestine and what 1b
loft of Armenia to tho democratic,
kindly Turk. A democratic pcaco
which nominally freos Bolglum and
Poland and puts them undor tho eco
nomic maatory of Germany, Poland
under a thinly disguised political mas
tory. too. A democratic pcaco which
welds Germany, Austria, Turkey and
Bulgaria Into one for purposes and
power of aggression on their neigh
bors, near and far. A democratic peace
which returns tho decimated and on
slaved negroes of Africa to thoir own
ers and tyrants. A democratic peace
which loaves Alsaco and Italia Irro-
dentn still as loot in the highway
man's bag, and now hopelessly 30. A
democratic pcaco which ieaves all tho
peaceful nations at the inorcy of the
maraudor, unless they bid goodby for
over to their peaceful state, and, like
tho Amorlcan colonists on tho edge of
the wilderness, go not forth to plow
"In this war," says Minister PIch
on, "France will havo played a great
role, for, as Roosevelt has said. Hho
will havo saved humanity." Saved
humanity for this? Saved numanity
for tho laxgalberer? Thoso arc the
German terms. Is that what Ave are
fighting for? Or aro wo fighting, as
Secretary Baker said, "to seo that tho
world shall be freed from tho monaco
of a triumphant barbarism?" That
phraso sums up our terms; and they
aro tho terms of all of us except thoso
inveterate militarists, tho pacifists.
Utah, as well as other states, has
been authorized to form a homo guard
to bo made up of mon not eligible for
regular army service.
Ogden should be ono of tho first cit
ies to apply for the authority to organ
ize a company of the homo guard.
At tho beginning of tho war, when
many uncertainties in connection with
German spy activities in this country,
prompted patriotic Americans to vol
unteer to help put down any conspir
acy, Ogden had a home guard of good
size, made up of men drawn from the
best elements of tho community.
Thoro were many young fellows, but
a large sprinkling of men with gray
hairs was noticeable. Tho older
guards could not have gono into the
trenches without "hardening," but if
wo were selecting a body of recruits
to do home duty, nothing better than
tho men of mature years, who took
part in the drilling at that time, would
bo desired.
We would liko to seo this old homo
guard reorganized and brought undor
government support. Thoro is a ne
cessity for an armed force In this city,
now that Battery B has loft us. No
one can foretell what a day will bring
forth, as there is an undercurrent of
disloyalty in this country which may
break out in tho form of sabotage or
even open revolt.
Baker Assures the
Senate Supplies
For War Adequate
(Continued from pago L.)
General Groble reported had been sub
stantially supplied.
"It would havo boon very fortunate
if we could have gotten machine guns
sooner." he added.
"Is there any reason why 1200
should be held In storago?" asked Sen
ator Hitchcock, referring to testimony
by General Orozier to that effect
"I didn't know that," said Mr. Baker.
Large Production of Browning Guns.
Reverting to delays in machino gun
deliveries, Senator Hitchcock de
plored tardy contracts for Lewis guns,
and Mr. Baker rejoined that large
production of Browning guns would
begin In February.
This aroused Senator Hitchcock.
"That isn't so," ho retorted sharply,
slapping his hands together at the
socrotary. "We won't havo a large
quantity before 1919 in actual use. We
naven i ono now.
Baker Makos Explanation.
"Wo have nino," Mr. Baker sug
gested, smiling. Seriously, ho added,
that production was being speeded up
and that his latest information was
that quantity production of tho Brown
ing guns would begin in February.
Senator Hitchcock and Weeks both
called the secretary's attention to tes
timony of General Crozlcr and manu
facturers who wero given contracts
for tho Browning gun, that produc
tion in quantity would not begin bo
fore April.
Secretary Baker's formal statement
of yesterday regarding army pro
paredness, Senator Woeks declared,
would "unintentionally mislead the
"Tho country," said tho senator,
"should not bo lulled to sloop by a
general statement of facta that don't
During tho rapid cross-questioning,
the secretary was apparently serene,
puffing a cigar .and answering all
questions calmly.
Secretary Baker said ho was "not
surprised" at the machine gun short
age reported at Camp Bowie in view
of tho general machino gun situation.
Senator Weeks Baid that witnesses
declare machino gun units "are prac
tically throwing their time away" by
not having guns for practice.
"I think you should give this your
immodlato and earnest attention,"
Senator Weeks said.
Rhymer (with a sigh.) Yea: my poom
haa been returned by Scrlbners
Frlond Why don't you send it to tho
Wayuppo Magazine? They print some
awfully rotten stuff. Boaton TranBcrlpL
Bill Hollo! Homo from your honey
moon trip already?
QUI Oh, yes.
"Rather short, -wasn't it?"
"Oh, yos, Jfy now wlfo seemed rathor
nnxlou.s to gol homo and try her cook
ing on mo. ' Yonkers Stateaman.
Will Finance the Next Cuban
Yield to Extent of $150,
Money to Be Assured to
Handle Largest Crop
in History.
NEW YORK, Jan. 1L A plan undor
which Now York banking interests
would finance tho next Cuban sugar
crop Involving expenditure of a sum
as high as $150,000,000 Is under con
sideration here, It was learned today.
The ImporUinco of assuring the
country an adequate supply of sugar,
together with shipmonts required by
tho Entento allies was placed bnforo
a bankers' committee by tho Interna
tional sugar committee acting for tho
national food administration.
If the plan matures as the commit -too
desires money will be assured to
finance tho -next crop In Cuba expect -od
to bo tho largest in tho history of
tho island republic. Another sugar
shortago such as tho ono of recent
woeks would perhaps bo averted.
Local bankers, It was assorted to
day, would not bo likely to take the
suggested action without tho consent
of tho federal reserve bank but it was
assumed here that this would bo
forthcoming inasmuch as it was the
national food administration which
suggested the plan. It was statod also
that tho government would mak9 ovory
effort to supply tho tonnngo necessary
to transfer tho sugar to American
Bankers lnterosted in tho plan havo
conferred hero with members of tho
International sugar committee. Tho
proposed syndicate would include the
National City bank, the Chase Nation
al bank and tho Guaranty Trust com
pany. Charles M. Sabin, president of
the Guaranty company. Is chairman of
tho bankers' committee considering
tho plan. No Indication was given to
day as to how soon this committee
would report to tho sugar authorities,
Will Not Re-habilitate Old
Army, But Create New and I
Smaller One.
All Officers Ordered to Re
turn to Posts Held Before
LONDON. Jan. 11. Confirming pre
vious reports that the Bolshovikl aro
preparing to re-establish tho fighting
power of the army against a possible
final break in tho negotiations wuu
tho central powers, the Petrograd cor
respondent of the Daily News sayB
that they are not attempting a re
animation of tho old worn out army
but to create a now and much small
er one. Concerning this new army
Foreign Minister Trotzky Is reported
to havo said:
"It will wage not war but revolu
tion. Its front trenches will be bar
ricades against oppressors."
Tho central powers' peaco terms of
Docember 25 were voiced by Count
Czernin, tho Austro-Hungarian foreign
minister. They expressed willingness
to conclude a "general peace without
forcible annexations and indemnities"
and announced that it was not tho in
tention of tho central powers to de
prive of political independence tlioso
nations which had lost it during the
war, but stlpulatod that tno question
of the political independence of na
tionalities and possessing it could not
be solved internationally but must be
left to each government and its peo
ples. This qualified recognition of tho
right of self-determination was made
use of in tho concrete terms for a
treaty later proposed to Russia by tho
central powers, in which it was
claimed this right had already been
exercised in Poland, Courland and
Lithuania. Tho refusal of tho central
powers to consent to the withdrawal
of their troops from these regions led
to the temporary interruption of tho
negotiations and the counter-proposal
by the Russians that further discus
sions of peaco bo transferred to
Stockholm, which question apparently
was still ponding, when the full sitting
of tho peaco conference was called to
order yesterday.
t fv.T-inrr thlr tnrmR thn pontrnl
powers stated that they were desirous
of bringing about general peaco nego
tiations, the Russians apparently be
ing expected to Influenco tho allied
governments to Join In the parleys. A
ten-day limit for tho entente to ex
press itself was set but no response
was forthcoming from tho entento
powers. Since the expiration of this
poriod on Jnnuary 4 it has been un
officially stated that the central
powors felt freo to withdraw their
offer which was conditioned upon a
general peaco being brought about
Owing to the non-acceptance by all
the enemy powers of those terms, Dr.
von Kuchlmann stated that documents
had "become null and void."
The Bolshevlkl doubt whether the
German soldiers will advance but if
they do and tako more territory they
will bo no nearer an ond of the war.
Tho correspondent says that the
greatest difficulties of tho Bolshovikl
in theso preparations aro transport
and supply, of which the latter is less
hopeful. Ensign Kryenko, tho Bolshe
vlkl commander-in-chief, is reportod
to be organizing a volunteer army and
has ordered all officers to return to
tho posts they held before tho Bol
shovikl revolution.
In reference to the civil war in dif
ferent parts of Russia, the correspond
ent says they are not wars of one part
of Russia against another but attempts
to spread class warfare in those parts
where the proletariat has not yet ob-
1 Then lose no time but I jp
jllp COME IN and see us 1 i
Our's Is The Only Store Where fJL' k'j j
You Can Compare All Makes t
of Machines. igJ !
' ' Victrola A XI wUh 20 Selec a jj
"Ogden's Phonograph Headquarters." I i!
Tel. 181. 1 2472 Hudson Ave. j j
I . "
tained the upper hand. Thus, the Bol
shevik! arc- not warring against the
Ukraine, but against tho bourgeois?
Ukrainan rada; not with the Cossack
country but with tho military govern
ment of the Cossacks.
Tho Daily News correspondent says
that the anti-Bolshovikl newspapers
dally record Bolshevlki defeats but de
clares it is curious that after each. de
feat tho Bolshevlki advanced instead
of retiring. The map, he says, shows
that each reported defeat takes the
Bolshevlki further Into tho enemy
country. Ho mentions some of these
advances and adds that the Black sea
fleet Is now controlled by the Bolshe
vlki. The Petrograd correspondent of tho
Times says that enormous sums have
been taken from tho State bank by
f6rged checks since the bank has been
in tho possession of the Bolshevik!.
Three million rubles were withdrawn
through ono spurious check.
LONDON, Jan. 11. The meat situ
ation, which has been so acuto during
tho last week, was greatly improved
today. Large consignments of beef
and mutton reached Smithfiold last
night and all retailers applying re
ceived supplies this morning.
Unprecedented Temperatures
Reported in Sweden 70.6
Degrees Below at Asele.
STOCKHOLM, Thursday, Jan. 10.
Unprecedented temperatures for tho
season wero reported at various placos
in the north. Some of tho lowest fig
ures at 70.G degrees bolow zero Fah
renheit at Asele, 67 below at Soor
fors and 63.4 below at Hogdaljoe.
PARIS, Thursday. Jan. 10. In re
sponse to an Invitation from the Jul
ian army headquarters, tho American
army and navy Young Men's Christian
association will extend its recreation
and comfort work to tho Italian army.
This announcement was mado by the
Y. M. C. A. headquarters at Paris to
day. Within a short time a group of those
workers will proceed to Italy and es
tablish recreation huts there similar to
those at the American camps.
It la, of course, well known that Sir
Doupflas Hnlf,' Is a soldier first, last and
all tho time, regarding all other profca
alons nu of Quito negligible Importance
Ho was Inspecting a cavalry troop and
vras particularly struck with the neat way
In which repairs had been mado In somo
of tho saddles.
"Very good work," he remarked to tho
troop sergeant major, "JVho did that?"
"Two of my troopers, sir," was tho
reply .
"You'ro fortunato to haov two such
export saddlers In your troop," said
"As a matter of fact, air," was tho re
ply, "they're not saddlers,' In civil life, bo
Ine lawyers."
r'Woll," ejaculated Sir Doufjlas, "how
men who can do work Uko that could
have wasted their livers over law I can't
imagine!" Minneapolis Tribune.
' v :.- ., m m m
Wilson Message to Congress
the First Courageous Step
Toward Peace.
Generous Intentions of Ameri
can Government Praised
Greatest Statesmen of Age.
ROME, Thursday. Jan. 10. Presi
dent Wilson's message is the first
courageous step towards peace, says
the Messagero. It says that President
Wilson in his message evidently wish
ed to meet the Russian people and to
help them to complete their resurrec-,
After tho statement of Promier
Lloyd -George and the message of
President Wilson," it adds, "tho world
can seo whether the boast of pacifism
of Berlin and Vienna really exists or is
an Imperialistic dream of triumph.
Meanwhile the whole civilized world,
all honest people and evorybody who
earnestly wishes a just and lasting
peace will applaud President Wilson's
"Italy has no Imperialistic ambitions
but wishes to free Italians from for
eign oppression, creating a state of
safety for her own country on both
sea and land."
Enormous Sacrifices Made.
Tho Tempo recalls that Italy, like
tho United States, freely entered the
world war for reasons of principle. She
has sustained enormous sacrifices to
redeem her provinces still under Aus
tria and also lo secure the safety of
her frontier on land and sea which
alone can allow her to "live on a foot
ing of equality under conditions of lib
erty." . The nnnnln T?nmnnn m-nicn iu.
erous intentions of President Wilson
and tho American people and govern
ment. It eulogizes tho declaration of
tho president concerning the solidarity
of the Allies and says that as soon as
Italy and France make similar state
ments they will bo the answers to tho
government of Lenlne and Trotzky
with which the Entente does not yet
havo diplomatic relations.
The Giornale d'ltalia applauds tho
messago and calls President Wilson
"ono of the greatest statesmen of our
epoch." It expresses hopo that tho
president's enlightened mind will see
the necessity of solving definitely tho
Italo-Austrlan problem in order to
avoid future excuses for conflict,
NEW ORLEANS, La., Jan. n. Spe
cial classification in the draft for
young men of cities and towns who
will work on farms, similar to that giv
on shipyard workers, is asked of the
war department in resolutions adopt
ed yesterday by tho association of
state presidents of farmers' unions.
Tho association is composed of the
heads of farmers' unions in thirteen
southern states.
yj.ciiLii I
All Men Subject to Military 'M
Service to Remain at Post mf..
Until Called.
Men Over Draft Age or Who SI? j
Have Been Rejected to fl
Fill Vacancies. fjljj
' PARIS, Thursday, Jan. 10. The fSha
American army and navy Y. M. C. A. (S Irish
in France Issued a statement today MfM
that it is not accepting for its service w'-iaj
any men who aro eligible for military ilH
service. All men now in the Y. M. C. 'JKa
A. service who are subject to the draft :Bai
have been requested, with the ap- 1
proval of the American army author!- KTb(
ties, to remain at their posts until !' .Hib
their draft numbers are called. All i Bcdj
eventually will be replaced by men Botr;
over draft age, or those rejected for , Hhl j
military service. ' 'H j
It is said that 10 per cent of the Y. iMki
M. C. A. personnel in France consists '.Hualc
of men subject to tho draft and that 'M&
nearly 50 per cent of those eligible fcuj
who arrived during the first six ty
months tho organization was estab- Baice
lished here, already have enlisted. Kiba
PARIS, Jan. 11. Bolo Pasha, who is 'mh
charged, with having conducted Ger- jwd
man propaganda in Franco, will be iB0
tried by court martial beginning Feb- Bpa
ruary 4. ib-i ft
on Wfeir
CHICAGO, Jan. 11. Plans for send-
Ing to France the leading teams of iflK
the American and National leagues vMfU-C
providing the war Is ended at the clos- qKVfcJ
ing of the coming baseball season KlfcJij
were discussed todav by a number of lWlc
major league officials. 'M!
President C. A. Comiskey of the W jJJJ
Chicago Americans, Prosldent Charles !tiL
Weeghman of the Chicago Nationals, wBr
President J. C. Dunn of the Cleveland 'nerft
Americans, all of whom have pennant
aspirations, expressed approval of
such a trip and B. B. Johnson, presi- ;Mw!ft
dent of the American league, said ho 'JH&itJ
would use every effort to further the
Plan- MO1,
oo "'MVv
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. Senator "t
Brady of Idaho, stricken with an acute My1
attack of heart trouble last night, was C
Bllghtly Improved today and hopes fc f'HFUr?
his recovery were entertained by his jBflej .?
physician. jM r

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