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lW MMMml rz tt r- 7" ; METAL PRICES f r A. W iV A VV' VV'I'V iV W'Vlfr i WEATHER FORECAST I H I NEW YORK, March 23.-M.tal quotations for to- I I I I 17 I I lfllllll-' JsSl 1 hli I I I I l 1 G I Woathor Indications for Ogdcn and vicinity: MM toV'zyl" 7.157.20c; spelter 7.25c; j. J(Lr S Jl J' W1 iJ T fr'l W' ' Tonight and Sunday fair; not much change In tera- 1 FEARLESS -J INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER Forty-eighth Year-No. 71 Pric. Five cent OGDEN CITY, UTAH, SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 23, 1918. 3:30 P. M. CITY EDITION 38 PAGES ! PARIS, March 23. Since eight o'clock this moriiEg shells of 240 millimeters have been reaching the capital and suburbs at intervals of a quarter of an hour, lulling I about ten persons and wounding about fifteen. The shortest distance from Paris to the front is over 100 kilometers (62 miles.). The announcement that Paris was being I P bombarded was made officially this afternoon. Measures for counter attacking the enemy's cannon is under execution. ; I LONDON, March 23. Throughout the night the battle front extended southward 'and it was reported this morning that the French' army was now engaged. I j PARIS, March 23, 8 a. m. An air alarm has just been given. ; I ! ' BERLIN, March 23, via London. A crossing over the Oise west of La Fere, (12 miles south of St. Quentin)' was forced by Jaeger battalions, it is announced. v - if . I'British Meet Tremendous Onslaught of Over- whelming Odds Dashing Counter Attack j Drives Germans Out of. Mory Large I Enemy Party Surrounded and Cap . . fered Allies Fighting Gallantly f and Presenting Solid Front. The official announcement that Paris is being bombarded ; must remain unexplained until further details have been re ceived. The statement in the dispatch that the shortest dis tance from Paris to the front is over 1 00 kilometers indicates !)that there has been no breach in the battle line above Paris jsuch as would permit of bringing up guns to within what has gfbeen previously regarded as the extreme range of heavy lipieces. I Unless the Germans have some new invention, no such J 'range as sixty miles is conceivable. The most powerful guns, lin action heretofore have been able to hurl their projectiles only twenty miles or thereabouts. The caliber of the shells reaching Paris, 240 milimeters, lis equal to about 9 Yl inches. The heavy German siege !)pieces fire 1 7-inch shells. Paris had been under bombardment for about eight hours ;('at the time the foregoing dispatch was filed, 6:15 p.' m. WASHINGTON, March 23. Ordnance officers were inclined to believe the Germans were conducting the long irange bombardment from some nearer point to which they rhad broken through, but on reflection concluded that even had lithe German troops suddenly surrounded Paris, it would have ,'jbecn impossible to bring up and emplacc heavy long range ijguns in such a short time. ii f LONDON, March 23. The Germans forced their way jjinto Mory but a dashing counter-attack drove them out, j'Reuter's correspondent at British headquarters telegraphs. A large arty was surrounded and probably was captured. '. There is reason to believe fifty German divisions are flowing into the struggle, the correspondent states, and Mprobably half as many more are in close reserve. Under the jltremendous onslaught the British troops are falling back very i-i slowly and in excellent order. At many places they are with : drawing voluntarily so as to maintain an unbroken front, 'i The scenes of activity behind the battle front baffle de scription but everywhere there is the same well ordered or ganization and quiet confidence. The weather is wonder fully fine, although the Visibility is handicapped by local jurists. i Mory is on the northern battle ground fifteen mlies below Arras about four miles back of the line held by the British before the Germans began their offensive. S The ost intense fighting appears to have been around : Roisel and Trincourt. The slaughter in the enemy ranks was i appalling. :' Twelve times every available gun in the area was con centrated on solid massed bodies of enemy troops while the airmen grew weary with emptying their machine gun drums .and dropping their bombs into the dense gray crowds of ;troops and returning for more ammunition. L BRITISH ARMY HEADQUARTERS IN FRANCE, March 23, 11 a. m., by the Associated Press. The British, gallantly righting, are still presenting a solid front to the lllpercely attacking Germans, although the defensive troops ' MX : have withdrawn their lines in certain places for strategic reasons. After two days' terrific battling in their great offensive on the western front, the Germans have finally succeeded in bringing the action at one point on the front somewhat more into the open. Field Marshal Haig reports that the British defensive system, west of St. Quentin, near the southern edge of the fifty-mile front under attack, was broken through by the, great weight of the enemy infantry and artillery. The British here are falling back in good order. That the yielding of the line at this point had been by no means unexpected and possibly had been foreseen as ultimately inevitable, is indicated by the statement that the retirement is to prepared positions further west across the devastated district. i There is nothing in the report to indicate that this ret'o grade movement will affect the strong defensive lines to the north in any way seriously, as it is explicitly stated that tlese : positions continue to be held by the British forces. j Just what the effect will be upon the Entente line t? the south is not yet apparent. The British hold the front to a point some fifteen miles south of St. Qiientin, to the river Oise at about the town of La Fere, where the French lire be gins. No reports have been received from Paris as to wlether the French forces have become involved in the battle. From trie nearness of the point of German penetration to their lines, however, it would seem probable that they soon will be found taking part in the struggle. There is another factor to be considered also, sholld the German thrust develop more seriously. There was created last winter by the supreme war council at Versailles an Entente "army of maneuver" understood to be made up of tioops of all Allies, which was designed to be available for action at any point on the wide front from the North sea to the Adriatic whenever it should be needed. . j i It has doubtless not been tho en tente intention to throw this army into action hastily but it unquestionably stands ready for use in any emergency and might easily provo tho vital fac tor in any general engagement which tho western front fighting should de velop. Tho battle is still in progress along tho British front with the Germans continuing to throw fresh forces into the struggle. It is estimated that fifty Gorman divisions are already involved with probably twenty-five or more ad ditional divisions in closo reserve. Advices from correspondents indicate that wherever the British troops are falling back they are doing so in ex cellent order and with deliberation, withdrawing voluntarily at somo points in order to maintain an un broken front. Field Marshal Haig has deemed it expedient not to divulge tho exact lo cation of the British battle lino but the most intense fighting has been around Croiselles, on tho north, and Levcr guier on the south. In the center of the northern half of tho fifty-mile front, near the Bapaumc-Cambrai high road, tho British havo held against the enemy. The Germans have not yet taken advantago of tho concentration of al lied attention on the Cambrai front to make an attack on another section in tho west. The intenso artillery bom bardment in tho Verdun and Ypres sectors, however, continues. Along the Chemin des Dames and in the Champagne tho Gorman guns havo beon firing violently but thrco small German attacks in tho Champagne were repulsed by tho French. Germans Pressing Hard. LONDON, March 23. Tho Germans this morning were pressing hard the British forces defending -Hennies, (about 2 1-2 miles back of tho old lino, in the region" southwest of Cam brai). Conflict Rages Furiously. BRITISH ARMY HEADQUARTERS IN FRANCE, March 23. All day yes terday and much of last night the con flict continued to rago will incrcas Ing violence as fresh Herman divi slons were hurled into Iho fray in au attempt to smash through tho Brit ish defenses. More intense fighting ii expected. The operation is so va3t and is changing with such ktleidoscopic rapidity as the line surgel backward and forward that it Is inpossiblo to visualize the scone suffciently to give a connected and atcurato ac count of it at present. 46 Divisions Identified. Forty-six German divisions havo been identified thus far on tho bat tle .front and prisoners havo been taken from eighteen of hem. Somo estimates place tho numlcr of Gor man divisions engaged as high- as 90, but it Is impossible to say whether this is accurate. LONDON, March 23. Powerful en emy " attacks delivered with great weight of Infantry and artillery have broken through tho British defensive system west of St. Quentin, tto war office reports. The British troops on tho northern' portion of the battle grounds ara hold ing their positions. Tho British west of St, Quentin aro falling back in good ordet to positions further west Very hecvy fighting with fresh enemy forces Is in pro gress. Tho war office states that thero aro prepared positions behinl th- British, to which they arc fallingbact. The statement follows: "Heavy fighting continued until Into. Germans Dispersed and Prisoners Are Left Behind. PARIE, March 23. The Germans launched an attack ion tke French lines in the Wocvre district last night which was dispersed by the French fire. The Germans suffered appreciable losses and left some prisoners in the hands of the French. hours last night on tho whole battle front. During the afternoon powerful hostile attacks delivered with great woight of infantry and artillery, broke through our defensive system west of St. Quentin. "Our troops on this part of the bat tle front are falling back in good or der across the devastated area to pre pared positions further west. "Our troops in tho northern portion of the battle front aro holding their positions. "Very heavy fighting with fresh hos tile forces is in progress. For the first time In tho war on tho western front since the opposing ar mies established themselves in tholr trench system, the defensive zone has been broken through. In other great attacks tho British, French and Ger mans have been ablo to bend back tho lino but not to strike through the zone of defense. Many military critics had reached the opinion that on ac count of tho strength of tho lines it would bo impossible to break them un til one side or the other had been worn down to such a point that it would bo no longer able to man it strongly. Unless the British are ablo to re store tho situation by a counter-attack, a withdrawal on a wide front may be necessary with open field war fare. The point at which the British lino has been broken is near tho southern and of tho German attacking front which extends from Arras to La Fere, fifteen mile3 below St. Quentin. Be low this sector Is tho great arc in tho front where the lino, approaching near est to Paris, turns sharply to the east, Tho Gorman offensive has developed with almost unparelled rapidity. One reason for this is indicated in Field Marshal Halg's reports, showing that the Germans - constantly bringing up fresh bodies of troops. Tho statement of tho British war of fice that tho troops west of St Quen tin arc falling back to prepared posi tions indicates that tho Germans, al though thoy havo broken through the British defcnslvo system, have not ' pierced the ontiro British zono of de fense. The allusion In tho British statement to tho defensive system may bo only to tho mafn battle front sys tem behind which othor lines have been prepared. If that Is the case the Germans havo dono little more than repeat what tho British did in the bat tle of tho Sommo when they pierced tho HIndcnburg line and captured long stretches of it, forcing tho Germans to retreat to prepared positions in tho rear. Tho experiences of, the attacking ( Continued on Page; 3 ), 't CffiAJWK News From France Causes' Deep Concern at the Capital of This Nation. WASHINGTON, March 23. All of ficial Washington turned its attention almost wholly today to the news from the fighting front Dispatches telling of the British de fensive system, the retirement of British troops and Berlin's claims of largo captures of men and guns and finally tho news that the Germans wore bombarding Paris, at a. hitherto unheard of range of about 62 miles came as one surprise after the other. Embassies and legations, American officials, congressmen and others eag er for news of the great battle, be sieged the Associated Press offices for latest dispatches and crowds sur rounded the newspapers. With full realization of the tremen dous consequences hanging on the re sistance of the British and French armies, tho general attitude of officials here was ono of calm confidence. WASHINGTON. March 23. News that Paris was being bombarded by German guns at a range of about sixty-two miles astonished American ordnance officers beyond belief. No such range of guns had ever been dreamed of, they said. Tho world's record for long distance bom bardment was established by the Ger mans somo time ago when at a range of twenty to twenty -two miles they dropped occasional shells into Dunkirk. The greatest long-range American gun yet developed is the 16-inch rifle which, at the greatest possible eleva tion, it is estimated, would throw a shell about nineteen miles. Evidently, ordnance officers said, the German artillerists had developed some new world -surprising weapon, although it was thought possible they might be using some sort of aerial tor pedo. Although the great battle was not mentioned on tho floors of congress in the day's debates, overy member was thinking of it, and its effect on the fate of tho civilization of tho world. Senator without as much as a record vote, during consideration of some army bills, rejected a proposal by Senator Hardwlck to excuse drafted men from liability to military duty if they havo passed 31 without entering the national army. "Tho nation may need not only men who have passed tho ago of 30," de clared Chairman Chamberlain of the military committee, "but those as old as 45, and possibly those between IS and 21." American officers here recall that when tho Germans produced tho gun that would throw a shell 22 miles into Dunkirk the French soon found a way to meet tho attack, partially at least A French wireless station, it is said, is located a point in the ground not far from tho gun emplacement and at its position the concussion can be rocorded when tho shell leaves the gun. It takes something liko sixty seconds for the shell to travel to Dunkirk but a wireless signal Is recorded in the city, a warning is sounded and the inhabitants tako to dugouts, generally reaching shelter before tho shell strikes. Entente allies' ordnance exports said thoy could think of no gun which might bo employed at such long rango unless it was a development of tnei Skoda rifle made in Austria, That Is a tremendous enlargement on the plan of the usual high power rifle. These experts, however, have no knowledge that tho Skoda has been developed to 'such an enormous range. Another possibility discussed by tho exports is tho development of a great long range shell thrower operating by centrifugal force. Theoretically, they say, such a dovico could be geared up to throw a shell across the ocean, but they have no knowledge of Its oyer being practically applied. nn THREE TRAINMEN KltLED. WiCHITA FALLS, Texas. March 22. Throo trainmen wero ldlled when an engine of tho Fort Worth & Den ver City railroad, drawing a freight train, exploded at Eloclra, eighteen miles west of hero, about noon, Emperor in Command of. I Troops Stakes All I on Result I LONDON, March 23. Today's Ger man official announcement received hero states that Emperor William is in command on the western front Wmm This announcement is regarded as further cvldenco that tho emperor has wm staked his all on an offensive, hoping to win and go down in history as the victor in this great and decisive world's conflict. Dispatches from Amsterdam picture wm the emperor at Spa, Belgium, which jH is being kept isolated on a radius of IH fifteen kilometers. Tho German crown prince, Field Marshal von Hin denburg, General von Ludendorff and other prominent Germans also are reported there with him. GREAT SUCCESS REPORTED. , VIENNA, March 23. (British Ad miralty per Wireless Press.) Tho war office announces that a great sue cess has been won in the west jH oo ll Drop Bombs on City, Cause Death French Aviators Pursue Them. PARIS, March 23. An official state- ment issued here today says that WM about forty airplanes attacked Paris ' JWM last night, dropping a number of vWM bombs. Thero wero several casual- lH The following official announcement JWM was given out: WMWM "At 8:20 o'clock this morning a few mMM airplanes flying at a very high altitude succeeded in crossing the lines and jWM attacking Paris. Thoy were imme- dlatcly pursued by aviators of the en- WmWm trenched camps of Paris, as well as by those at tho front "The dropping of bombs at several yMM points has been reported. There are several victims. A later announcement mmWM will give further details of the raid." J BERLIN, March 23 Between Fon tainc les Croiselles and Moiuvrcs Ger- tWM man forces 'penetrated into the second enemy position and captured two vi -lages, army headquarters announced today. British counter-attacks failed. W So far, the statement announces, 25, 000 prisoners, -100 guns and 300 ma chine guns navo been taken. WM Tho two villages taken on the Fon- wm toine-Moeuvrcs wero Vaulx-Vraucourt wm and Morchies. (Tho former village is tmM about 3 miles and the latter about Mmw. 2 miles behind tho former Jritlsh aont).