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""r"",""" X cL JUW Jv I v (C'VCv I d-v EH2r"i"f"":,'s I O FEARLESS INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER . ' ...Mh y..n.. phc. nv. c, "OGDENCrrY, UTAH, FRIDAY EVENING. APRIL 12. 191& 3:30 P M. CITY F.D1TIONI I ? pap.cq iHUNSJN TERRIFIC ASSAULT I British Hanging T Grimly to Bulk i ! of Messines Ridge Great Battle Raging Furiously and Enemy Throw ; ing in Reserves in Great Numbers British Drive Back Germans and Inflict Immense Losses in Counter Attack. LONDON, April I 2. German troops made a determnied attack along the Messines ridge and succeeded in gaining some ground, says a Reuter dispatch from British army head quarters in France and Belgium, but the British once again drove them out by a counter-attack early this morning. In brilliant sunshine the battle is continued with a fierce I ness which has scarcely fagged since the beginning. The Ger mans are throwing in their reserves in the same prodigal man ner a in the opening days of the offensive. The Germans are developing great artillery activity in the southern area, the dispatch says. The Bray-Corbie road is being fiercely shelled, heralding, it is believed, further in fantry attacks. Three attacks which the enemy launched yesterday in great waves near Ville Chapelle were repulsed with immense losses to the Germans . The ground was strewn with then corpses. I : . British Hanging to Ridge. With the British hanging grimly on the great bulk of I Messines ridge, their bulwark in Flanders, the Germans to the south are pushing their wedge deeper into the British lines northeast and north of Bcthune, one of the British advanced bases. The point of this wedge was driven last night further along the Lys canal to Merville, two miles west of Lestrem, which the British held up to yesterday. The salient was ex tended also slightly to the north near its tip to the vicinity of Neuf Berquin, two miles northwest of Estaires, another point where the British had been making a stand The Germans today were continuing what appeared to be their heaviest pressure in this region and had made some progress when the neen official report was issued in London. i British Hold Salient. The BOUtheiD side of the salient, as ii runs southeast toward Givenchy, is being strongly held by the British. They were standintr firm today at Loisne. three miles northeast of Bethune, and along Hie line northwest to the Merville regipn. Further t-outh-east, likewise they repelled a German attempt to advance norihwest of Giv enchy, the high ground about which protects the British right flank before Brthunc. The British task here patently is to prevent the sides of this salient from JT r'ins materially widened out as i ho dp cannot bo pushed in much farther g without L'roal danger to the attacking forces from flank attack unless they succeed in broadening their advance it frnru Abandonment of Armentieres. r Northwest of Armentieres, aban- t; fioned yesterday by the British, the V v. ,i . :-: ramht' in d out by their withdrawal from Ploegsteert whence they fell back, fighting, to the vlciniiy of Neuve Bglise, close to the southerly fnd of M -in. s ridge, wtuch protecta II their new positions. The British lines apparently are beins firmly maintained along the high ground in the Messines and Wyt ., wchaote ri'Cions and to the north to ward Yprea No material change In 'he situation is reported here. The battle, however, is continuing along i he whole tront from La Bassee canal h noth to Hollebeke, the Germans hani I merlng hard in their desperate at tempts to win something substantial out of this new ambitious eftort of 'heirs, so far Its only definite result I has been the piling up of casualties on both sides, notably their own On the Somme battlefield there lias been no resumption of infantry en gagements on a large scale The Brit ish, however, wore subjected to strong local attacks near Neuville-Vitassee, southeast of Arras, all of which tbej repulsed. The artillery is reported in creasingly active in the vicinity of the onime, while Pans announces a rather heavy bombardmi-nt along ihe French line to the southeast of Amiens in the vicinity of Hangard LONDON. April 12. Attacking yes terday in the neighborhood of Ploeg steert. the Germans pressed back tho British to the vicinity of Neuve Eglise, u is announced officially. On the remainder of the northern battle front there ib little change. -North of Festubcrt the British re gained ground by a counter-attack. Qn jnc front between Loisne and the I Lawe river German attacks were re pulsed Lasi night the Germans cap Lured Moniiie-. Heavy fighting is con- T ... tinning in the neighborhood of Mer ville and Neuf Berquin. The announcement follows "Severe- and continuous liuhtins took place last niuht in the neighborhood of Merville and Neuf Berquin in botn Of which localities the enemy concen trated his pressure and has mado progress. Merville was captured by the enemy during the night "Attacks made by the enemy yester day in the neighborhood of Ploeg steert succeeded, after heavy fighting, in pressing our troops back to the neighborhood of Neuve Eglise, 10 new positions. "On the remainder of the northern battle front tho silualion is substan tially unchanged. A part of our posi tions into which 'he en. -nr. for ed his way north of Festubert was regained by a counter-attack. On the front be tween Loisne and the Lawe river and 1 to the north hostile attacks have been repulsed Fighting is continuing on the whole front north of La Bassee canal as far as Hollebeke. "South of Arras strong local attacks were made by the enemy yesterday against our position in the neighbor hood of Neuville Vitassee and were repulsed in eat b i "Further north the enemy suc ceeded after prolonged fighting in en tering one oi our posts near Tilloy-Le Moffalaines, but he at once was driven out and the post re-established "The hostile artillery has shown in creased activity astride the river Somme." Heavy Artillery Fight'ng. PARIS, April 12 Heavy artillery fighting occurred last night in the vicinitj of Hangard -en-San terri on the front north of Montdidirr, the war office announces. The official statement follow The artillery battle became rather violent during the nisln in the region of hangard-en-Santerre. French patrols developed activity in the sector between Noyon and Canny -Sur-Mats. The French took a number of prisoners. "Spirited bombardments were car ried on in the regions of the Oisc canal and Uie forest of Parroy. Too French successfully raided the German lines near Chemlzy, north of ihr' Allelic, and west ot Butte di Mi -nil. bringing back prisoners. "On the remainder of the tront the night was calm." Review of War Situation. Having pushed back the British po sitions On a front of miles north and south of Armentieres. to an avej age depth of 8 little more than two miles, the Germans are struggling dos i perately to increase their gains. The brilliant defense of Field Marshal j Haig, however, is beginning to tell and the enemy advance has slowed up greatly although the German attacks have not diminished in intensity or -porially on the nonh and in the cen ter. Vital Points of Battle. Messines ridge and WytsChaete are' the vital points on tho battlefield andj the Germans in two days have not been able to reach the crest of the hills. Bv abandoning Armentieres the British have straightened out their Hue. Evidently the Germans have not yet occupied the town as the latest of flcial statement from Berlin reports fighting in the suburbs The British withdrawal yesterday afternoon was after their position had become unten able West of Armentieres the Ger- mans have pushed back tho British j several hundred yards nortn of Steen weerck. Germans Meet Repulse. On tho center ot the battle front be- I twoen Estaires. Lestrem and Loisne j there has been bitter fighting. Along the river Lawe between Lestrem and Loisne the Germans made Incessant! I attacks only to b repulsed with severe 'loss by the Fifty-first division These troops then attacked and drove the enemy from positions he had gained 'previously North of Estaires the Brit- Isfa have been driven back somewhat ;but the town Is stdl held bv Field , Marshal Haig On the Picardy battlefield there has j been no change in the situation. The! British front Is qu'et and the French ! have repulsed two German attacks in I the region of NoyoU. North of Mout-j didier and around Lassiny tho artillery j Ore has been violent The German adt i ; nee jn the Coucy region, has halted. Americans Lnd in Vladivostok. ; American marines have landed in ' Vladivostok with the British and Jap- ! anese and their presence is expected! I to have a re -assuring effect on Russian j ! feelings. Although no official notifica tion ha" been received in Washington, j the step was not unexpected. Petro I grad i said to view the situation at Vladivostok more calmly. Emperor Charles' Letter. I Emperor Charles, of Austria-Hungary in an autograph letter written a ear ago and which he directed should I be given the Frenc h government, de clared that Frances claim to Alsace-I Lorraine was justified and that Bel- gium and Serbia should be re -68 tab-1 lisbed. Prince Slxtus of Bourbon, the recipient, was asked to sound London and Pans on the emperor's attitude with a view to beginning peace pre liminaries. The Austrian emperor in a message to the German emperor de 1 nles that he informed the French gov-j eminent that its claim to Alsace-Lor- I I rain e was just and accuses Premier IClemenceau of falsehoods. SITUATION ON PICARDY FRONT. ' BERLIN, April 12 (Via London.) In reference to the' situation on the , Picardy battle front, the official slate j Iment from German general headquar-l : ters today, says : "The battle front on both sides of j j the Somme and on the southern hank Of the Olse the fighting activity was I I limited to artillery duels and minor In fantry operations." BOMBARDING CITY OF PARIS. j PARIS. April 12 The Germans re newed this morning the bombardment of Paris with their long range guns EMPEROR CHARLES TRUE TO KAISER VIENNA. Via Amsterdam. April 12. Complete solidarity exists between Austria and Germany and "we shall jointly enforce an honorable peace." says Emperor Charles in a telegram to Emperor William denying the truth of 'the declaration made early in the I w eek by Premier Clemenceau of France thai the Austrian emperor rec ognized France's claim to Alsace-Lor- i a inc. It is added that the fact that Austro I Hungarian troops are fighting for Al I sace-Lorraine on tho w estern front demonstrates the emperor's faithful ness to his all SENATE CONFIRMS KEPPEL. WASHINGTON, April 12 Confir mation by the senate of Frederick P Keppel, dean of Columbia university, to be an assistant secretary of war, was recommended unanimously today by the senate military' committee. Tlx nomination ot E. R. Stettinius as an assistant secretary already has been confirmed. OPERATIONS IN ITALY. VIENNA. Thursday, April 11 (Via London, April 12 ) "West of Lake Gaida and in the valley, of the Brenta there were successful operations by the thrusting troops." says the state ment from Austro-Hungarian head? quarters today on Operations in Italy GERMANS PAVING TERRIBLE TOLL Wounded Machine Gunner Describes Awful Carnage on the British Front. HUNS FALL IN HEAPS Bullets Pumped Into Oncom ing Hordes in Constant Stream. LONDON. April 12 Yon rouldl have shot them down with your eyes -.tiui ." said a wounded machine gunner in describing how the Germans attack od on the western front, according to the correspondent there of the Daily Mail "We fired Straight into thrru and they went down in heaps, yet wo could not stop them It was one down and another come on." rhe correspondent quotes other re marks Irom mounded soldiers winch are indicative of the unconquerable spirit of the British defenders and which bear further testimony to the terrible toll the Germans are paying for every' foot they advance. The cor - j respondent says wounded soldiers agreed that Ihe Germans outnumbered the defenders at least two to one. Highlander Tells Story. "Aye, we're never far away " a wounded Highlander replied to the re mark of the correspondent that the Highlanders seemed to get into all the I battles. He proceeded to tell how his regiment was on a canal bank when the Germans tried to cross: "They advanced on both Hanks, ' coming up on either side In the at - ' tempt to get across. We were told to hold our fire and waited until they , wi re well in view. Then, when there were hundreds before us, we let fly. ( Man it was murderous." A Yorkshire man. who was standing nearby, broke in: 'That may be. but that was no bet ter than when we saw them along the side of a hedge. They didn't expect us to be so near We pumped bullets into them with Lewis guns until our, bodies ached." As an illustration of the coolness and confidence of !) British troops, the Daily Mail correspondent says) ;onif Highlanders lold him how they! fought with a quantity of food in trenches which some other troops had been forced to evaluate before heavy i German attacks. The Highlanders said! the first thing they did was to sir flown and eat the food. "We forced their eggs and fricaled their bacon. 'Never miss a chance" is j our motto We had a fine feed." Poison Gas Patients In the garden of an improvised hos pital where the daffodils toss their; golden heads in a light breeze, several men sat on a bench. They did not seel the daffodils, they saw nothing. They ' sat hunched up as 'hey slowly recov- ! ered power to breathe freely. They were poison gas cases. The correspondent adds: 'Happily they wore not likely to be much worse, the doctor thought But they were bad enough and it made us feel that for chemists who invented such means of warcraft and generals who .vere devilish '-noup;h to introduce it and lor the nation which applauded its employment no punishment could be too cruel., no torture too refined." oo BRITISH ARMY WELL EQUIPPED England Replaces Lost Guns and Increases Quantity of Machine Guns. OTTAWA. April 12 The British! army in France is as well equipped to- ; day as when the German offensive in Picardy began, England having re placed all the lost guns and having in oreased the quantity of machine guns, according to Frederick George Kdla way, British parliamentary secretary ot the ministry of munitions. A Reut-j er s dispatch received here today from London quotes from a speech which Mr. Kellaway made last night at Bed lord, England "The tanks which the Germans cap tured were being replaced bj ones ol superior model." the secretary as serted, "and the ammunition con BUmed had more than been mad .- good. I while men were steadily being re i leased to fill the gaps occasioned through loss. In the air Britain con tinued as strong if not stronger." I UU I BABIES KILLED BY 1 LONG RANGE GUNS PARIS, April 12. A shell fired by the Gorman long range cannon ye-tor day struck a foundling asylum in the Rue d' la Creche, in the Monirouge district, on the southern outskirts of Paris, and three persons there were killed and eleven wounded. Within the hospital were thirty women with now born babies. One maternity nurse, one patient and one baby were killed, while two probationers, six women patients and three Infants were injured. Another shell struck an open tir bowling al ley and killed a man and a bo;, and wounded t.ju other persons. - li i i n : - H j I M E Foundation for Agree ment on Irish Prob lem Laid. LETTER TO PREMIER Nationalist and Unionist Majority to Establish Parliament LONDON April 12. The Irish ron ention laid the foundation for an agiremeni on ihe Irish question which is unprecedented in history. Sir Hor ace Plunkett, chairman of the conven tion. sas in a letter accompanying the report of that body. The convention did not find it pos sible to overcome the objections of the Ulster Unionists, says Sir Horace. A majority of the Nationalists, all the southern Unionists and five of the sev en labor representatives agreed upon a scheme ot Irish self -go ernment which is given in ihe conclusions reached by the majority which, he states, should bo enacted into lav. "We had every reason to believe the government contemplated immediate l gislation on the results of our labor," Baj - Sir Horace ' The work of an Iri-h settlement i if iB now felt, admits of no further postponement. In the domin ions and the United States, as well as the allied countries, the unsettled Irish que Ion js a disturbing factor, both as regards war effort and peace aims " Majority Report Submitted. After every possibility of agreement had been explored, Sir Horace writes, be was instructed to draft a report which would be a narrative of the con vention's proceedings with a statement for the government's information of the conclusions adopted unanimously or by a majority. This dratt of the report was adopted by a majority. Sir Horace adds that the public has bn provided with no majority report in the rLii-e of a reasoned statement in favor of conclusions upon which th majority agreed, but has been left to gather from the narrative of the proceedings what the contents 01 such a report would have been. The Issue of minority reports by the Ulster Unionists and a minority of National ists had minimized the agreement reached and emphasized the disagree ment. Letter to Lloyd-George In his letter which is addressed to Premier Lloyd-George, the chairman says the customs question became one Of the utal points and that upon a decision regarding it depended the ex tent of an agreement which could be n acht d. The geographical position of Ireland imposed restrictions regarding naval and military affairs and the claim for home rule was concentrated on the demand for unrestrained fiscal power. The Nationalists made a strong case for such fiscal powers and wore abb: to prove that a considerable num her of -the leading commercial men had come to favor fiscal autonomy. Hope to Establish Parliament. A majority of the Nationalists and of i li. u: hern I' n c 'U i -! .1 iP. d in 01 dn that a parliament might be established at once to postpone the- decision in re gard to the control of the customs. The Nationalists were prepared to agree to fn e trade with England but the south ern Unionists joined the filter Union ists in opposing a satisfactory system of customs control. 00 GOV. HARRISON FACING DIVORCE Wife of Philippines Executive Institutes Proceedings in Cali fornia Against Husband. SAN DIEGO, April -12. Divorce proceedings against. Francis Burton Harrison, former governor of the Philippines and former congressman from New York, have been instituted here by Mrs. Harrison, it became known today. The nature of the charges has pot been made public Mrs. Harrison arrived at Coronado from the east last Wednesday. She passed a considerable part of Inst win- 1 ler at coronado and at that time es- j tablished legal residence in California.! NOTED PROFESSOR' IN U. SjJJSTODY Dr. William Isaac Thomas of University of Chicago and Woman Arrested. VIOLATES MANN ACTi Both Married and Have Chil-j dren Professor 55 and Paramour 24 Years Old. CHICAGO, April 12 Hinton G la baugh, c-hiof of the local bureau of the department of justice, today an - nounced that his acents last nicht took into custody Dr. William Isaac Thomas of tho faculty of the Univer I Bity of Chicago, widely known as an 1 authority on sociology, and a woman , said to be the wife of a Texas man now (n France with '.'"neral Pershing. Mr t'ldbcuph said he bad turned over i to United States District Attorney Cline evidence completely rounded out 1 for institution of charges of violating the Mann act and the act forbidding false registrations at hotels. Clerk's Suspicions Aroused. Dr. Thomas and the woman, who 1 said she was a Mrs. R M. Granger of Washington, D. C., are said in the data I given Mr Cline to have registered at j a downtown hotel last night as man ' and wife from Gary, Ind. The alleged expose was due to the fact that the hotel clerk's suspicions were aroused. He notified Mr Clabaugh and the latter sent agents who looked through their luggage. Both were taken before Mr. Cline lasi night and are quoted as having at tempted little if any concealment. Accord int,' to Mr Clabaugh, Dr. Thomas said- Cares Not for World. "I love her and I don't care if the whole world knows it. My arrest is a tremendous injustice." Mr. Clabauch further quoted the woman as saying : "Dr. Thomas was kind to me After my husband left for France Dr. Thomas was most solicitous for my comfort. I just liked him al first, later it grew into love." Dr. Thomas a Married Man. Dr Thomas, a man of distinguished appearance, is 55 years of age, mar 1 1 led and has grown children. Airs. Thomas was one of the founders of j the Woman's Peace party. Mrs. 1 Granger la -4 years of age and has a three-year old child living with her I mother at Fort Worth, Tex. Husband in France. She said, according to Mr. Clabaugh, that she accompanied her husband from the training camp at Fort Worth to New York to say goodbye when he sailed Dr. Thomas was in the city to gather material for a book on Poland. They were introduced by Mrs. Granger's sister. The latter and Mrs.! Granger have been living at a south aidt Family hotel for about two weeks. At this hostelrj it was said that Mrs. Granger left suddenly last night in a taxicab to go downtown. The sister's name, according to G. W. Wayson, manager of the hotel, is Mrs Rains. Dr. Thomas Odd Doctrines. Dr. Thomas for some time was much iu demand for his lectures on sociol ogy and the relation of sex thereunto Among his teachings were ' Women are better off for having had their fling as men do. Dissipated women often make excellent w Ives. "Chia!ry la the persistence of the old-race habit of contempt ol women. "Any girl, mentally mature, has the right to have children and the right to limit their number. Morality An Expediency. "The morality of women is an ex pediency rat hoi than an innate vir tue. ' .Marriage, as it exists today, is rap (dly approaching a form of immorality. "Matrimony is often an arrangement by which the woman trades her Irre proachable conduct for irreproachable gowns. "Children are not the result of mar I riage, but marriage is the result of children." "No action will be taken today,'" said District Attorney Cline in whose hands the ease now re ts Although we have the results of the investiga tion of the department of justice, we feel thai we must make additional in vestigation ourselves because of the fact that there are a number of pecu liar ancles to the case." Dr. Thomas and Mrs Granger this afternoon were examim-d by the dis trict attorney in the presence of an assistant skilled in Mann act proceed ings. They were allowed to lenve the federal building on their own recognizance. 00 ALIEN WOMAN I SPURNS FLAG I 'Makes Disloyal Remarks and American Women Beat Her Severely. OMAHA, Neb , April 12. Mrs. Mar garet Selby, a Lithuanian by birth, a packing house employe, was badly beaten by three other women employed at toe same packing plant todaj when she ppurnod tho American flag they offered ber to wear and, they claim, mado disloyal remarks. She was af- ; terwards arrested and is being held tor investigation by federal authorities. I UNTOLD CRUELTlf J OF HUNS Prisoners Are Enslaved, I Starved and Subjected I to Untold Suffering. I MANY ARE KILLED I . I French Kicked, Beaten and Often Shot 111 Down. 1 1 LONDON. April 12. How Briti-h prisoners of war in Germany are en slaved, starved and subject to untold cruelties is related in an official re port of a government committee made public today. The detention and em ployment of non-commissioned officers and men captured on the western front, the report, -"have brought on these prisoners an amount of unjusti fiable suffering for which it would be 1 hard to find a parallel in all history. The report is based on an accumula tion of e ldence and shows that pris oners have been emploved constantly under shell fire and that many have I been killed bv British guns; that they have been kicked and beaten, denied 1 clothing and adequate shelter; have Often been fhot and that deaths from ) starvation and overwork have been ! constant. 1 French prisoners have been subject ed to the same treatment. Some of the prisoners received neither letters nor parcels for eight or nine months I after their capture Last November there was in the Limburg station be tween lS.Ufio and 20,000 undelivered parcels for British prisoners. no PRUSSIANS AIM I TO TAKE POLAND I Papers Comment Strongly on Political Consequences of Such Annexations. AMSTERDAM. April 12 -The safe guarding of the German position in the east is primarlh a Prussian interest and, therefore, Prussia must bear in mind that the military interests should be decisive over all others. Dr. Essen Hartruthe, Prussian minister of agri iiiiiure, declared in the Prussian up per house on Tuesday, according to the Berliner Tageblatt. This statement is interpreted by the Tageblatt as meaning that every sec tion of the Polish territory must be added to Trussia It comments very strongly on the political consequenc of such annexations. 'which would drive ih'' Poles politically into the arms of Russia and create in the east for the Germans a permanent breed ing center of political unrest, produc Ing an irredenta in dir eastern pro vinces and a perpetual Polish daa er" 00 DILLON PLEADS I FOR THE IRISH I Asks for More Time in Which to Consider the Man power Bill. LONDON. April 11 John Dillon. Irish nationalist leader, in the house j of commons yesterday said be under 1 stood that motor cars, machine guns and tanks already had been shipped land were sailing away from the bat tle front toward Ireland Mr. Dillon Pleaded strongly against what ho I termed the government's "guillotine methods." The debate on the manpower bill centered largely around a discussion of requesU bj Mr. Dillon and others ' for more time in which to consider the measure. The government eentually , conceded to permit the house con- trarv to custom, to sit on both. Friday and Saturday so as t0 ad(J two y8 to the time for the discussion. The bill then entered committee and an amendment submitting -IS years tor 5 as the age limit was defea'cd by a . vote of 2G2 to 152.