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METAL PRICES A f A T1f HWVlV I WEATHER FORECAST fl NEW YORK. May 17.Metal quotations -or today B IB U H 1 I 1 I I 1 9 Nk9 1 1 Nl R B Anther Indications for Ogcier and vicinity FEARLESS INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER " ToTty-eighth Yoar-No. 118. Price Five cTs OGDEN CITY, UTAtFRIDAY EVENING AY17 1918. 3:30 P. M. CITY EDITION 12 PAGES U. S. TROOPS IN f LANDERS I : Germans Expected to Play Last High Trump I I I In Next Attempt to Break Through Allied Line ; GREAT GUNS HAMMERING THE FRENCH FRONT I Americans On Line Barring Way to Coast! America is contributing to the stiffening of the Allied line not only in Picardy but in Flanders. American troops, today s dispatches report, have arrived: on the British front and are finishing their training among the troops holding the line which bars the way of the Germans to the English channel, their objective in the north. It is stated these Americans are the first troops to get into the fighting zone as units brigaded with the British. They arc part of the force which has been dispatched from the United States in the new movement of troops forecast soon ! after the German offensive was 23. It seems not improbable that there will be a renewal of the German thrust in the Flanders' area shortly, either as a separate operation or in conjunction with a re-opening of the 1 offensive on a great scale all along the battle line. German Guns Active. The German guns hnve been per sistently active a'l around the Lys salient, where the enemy's wedge pro trudes toward Hazelbrouck, the rail way junction which is the key to the transportation system in this whole area, and an increase in the intensity of the bombardment there is reportjd by the London war office today. On the Somme front the chief ac tivity continues to manifest itself in the vicinity of HaiHes, where the Ger man salient in Picardy has its tip. The Frtnch have been cutting into the German advance line here recently and the guns of the opposing artillery' forces are again hammering hard "'t each other's positions as if in pre paration for some new movement by one side or the other. Except for raiding operations there have been no infantry actions on either of the battle fronts. The air forces have been extremely busy, however, and incidentally the Americans are showing effective work in this branch of the fighting service. Thus, closely following the bringing down of three airplanes in one day, the American aviation force has added an- i other German machine to its list of j victims. The latest enemy machine to fall from American attack was! brought down this morning in the sec tor north of Tout. Americans in France. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, May 17. (By the Associat- , ed Press.) Troops of the new Amen, can army have arrived within the zone of the British forces in northern France and are now completing their, training in the area occupied by the ; troops which are blocking the path f the Germane to the channel ports. Paris Reports American Arrival. PARIS, May 17 Announcement was' made here today that American troops have arrived in northern France, in the zone occupied by British forces. The announcement concludes with the statement that the relations be- . tween the British and American f- i fleers and soldiers arc extremely cor dial. Their commander already has com mended American forces in "the ! tranches on the French from The British officers and men who are iralning ihe new force say thel Americans are of the finest material and are certain to give a most excel lent account of themselves. Americans Loudly Cheered. British troops greeted the Ameri ans not only as comrades in arms, but as warm friends. On arriving with in the British zone they were cheered lustily by the sons of Britain, many of whom bore unmistakable sijrns of battle. They had not seen the Amerl cans before but they knew they were coming. The latest, stages of their training before entering the line were begun al most as soon as they reached their destinations. From that point they ( ould hear the rumble of the not-distant guns. How long the American troops have been with thm British when the news that they are making their presence felt ilong the line ma be expected and where the homes of Hie men are cannot he disclosed. LONDON. May 17. The German ar tillery fire Is increasingly active from Locon to Hinges, along the western side of the Flanders' salient and be IX, l"een the lorest of Nleppe and Me.c-iri 4 -f 4 - 4 4- NEW AMERICAN ARMY. 4 4 1 WASHINGTON, May 17. The American troopr, referred to as 4 i 4 "the new American army" in di- 4 patches today reporting iheir ar- 4 4 rhal in the zon of British oper- 4 4 ations in France ore flir- forces 4 4 being brigaded and trained with 4! 4 ihe British, probably on the 4 4 Flanders battlo front 4-; 4 They are not troops detached 4 4 from General Pershing's present 4 4 forces, but are part of the new 4 4 movement of troops from tho 4! 4 United States forecas! by Prmi 4 4 ier Lloyd-George some time agp. 4 t , on the northern side of the salient, the war office announces. The statement, follows: "A hostile raiding party was repulv! ed last night in the neighborhood of1 Moyenville south of arras "There was great artillery actii( on both sides during the niKht in the Pacaut wood sector north of Hinges.) The hostile artillery also has shown Increased activity between Locon and; Hinges and from the forest of Nieppol tu Motern " Bolshevlki Refuse Aid to Finnty. LONDON. May 17 The Pelrograd Bolsheviki government has declined to intervene at Helsingfors on behalf of the Finnish rebel leaders, according to I a telegram from Helsingfors. Violent Artillery Fighting. PARIS. Maj 17. Violent artillery flghtine in the region of Hailles, south east of Amiens, Is reported in toda's official statement The announcement follows: "During the nicht there was a vio lent bombardment in the region of Hailles. "Near Mesnil-SL Georges we re pnlsed 8 German raid and took prison crs. South of Canny -Sur -Mats I (southeast of Montdidioi ) French de- ; tachments penetrated ihe German lines at two poinis bringing back forty prisone rs including an officer "On the southern bonk of the Oise! German attacks on small 1 rem h posts j in the sector of Yarennes were brok en up by our fire. 1 "Elsewhere the night passed in I quiet " Morning Review of War Situation. I Germany still hesitates to renew .heavy fighting on the main battlefields of the western front but the Increase in aerial artillery activity Indicates that infantry action on a larger BCale I than in the past, two weeks soon may be in progress Allied and German gunners are j harassing ihe opposing lines wit h shell fire and this fighting continues most! marked on tho front north of the Lj B, in Flanders and south of the Somme in Picardy. It has been the German policy to precede a strong infantry operation with a few hours ot the most intense artillery fire, but the enemy bombardments have not yet reached the highest pitch, thoueih it is believed the German preparation for anothei offensive move are about completed. Airmen Are Busy . Recently British and French airmen 'have been meeting with little opposi tion in dropping mobs on railway sta llions, Lroop encampments and other military targets behind the German Aviation in Great Offen sive on West Front Breaks Down. ENORMOUS WASTAGE Germans Lack Both Men and Machines in Fly ing Program. LONDON. May 6 (Correspondence of The Associated Press.) German aviation has proved a signal failure in the great offensive on the western front according to an officer corre spondent of the Morning Post. Returning from the front, he says: "German aviation does not exist at present. There were two principal reasons, the first being the tremend ous wastage caused by the incessant attacks of the British and French pilots on German machines, the sec ond being the bombinc of airdromes. The enemy today suffers from lack both of men and machines in its fly ing program." uu Seven Submarines Destroyed by Crews LONDON Thursday. May 16 The seven British submarines destroyed by their crews al Helsingfors to prevent their b. ins captured bv the Germans reached the Baltic sea "either through ihe si raits between Denmark and Nor way and Sweden or by way of Arcban S el ar 1 ordirm 10 an admirali .- t.i te ment. The class C boats went by wav of Archangel while the class E boats took the other roui e lines. Now the enemy has become most act he ;unl has attcmpir-.l bomb ing raids behind the allied lines as well as tryine; to prevent the allied bombers from carrying on their work Fifty-six German machines ;,rt report ed accounted for by London and Paris. Of these 43 machines were destroyed by allied a. iators. Berlin, on the oth er hand, lalms 1 be desti u 1 Ion" of 82 allied airplane:.. After a battle with Cerman air planes, British airmen on Thursday dropped bomb on Saarbrucken, Gei man Lorraine, causing at least one fire. The British then attacked the German airplanes anew and destroyed five of them while losing one or their own number. No Infantry Activity, There has been no infantry activity except for patrol raids, on all the long sectors from the North sea to Switz erland, Including 'he American sec tors. American artillerymen in Pic ardy again have caused fires in Mont didier. Little Rest for Austriann. Between Lake Garda and the Piave the Italian troops are giving the ,u trians little rest The success in gain ng the BUfnmit of Monte Corno, south of AsiagO, has been followed b an operation against Monte Asolone, just. , .1 1 of the Brentu. At l wo places the Austrian trenches were entered, the part of the garrison, not killed or cap tured, fleeing Vienna says the Ital ian activities spread to Monte Per tlca. east of Asolene. Both these heights are outposts of the formidable Monte Grappa. Along the front from the Steivlo pass to Lako Garda enemy patrols bavt been repulsed by tnp Italians Between Lake Garda and the Brenta , nd on the Aslago plateau the artillery fire has increased. AVIATOR KILLED IN TEST Captain of Royai Italian Flying Corps Falls 1 to Death. PLANES CRUMPLE UP Officer Crashed Under One of Three Heavy Engines. N KW YORK, May 17. Captain An tonio Sih 10 Rosnati of the Royal Ital ian Flying corps, who piloted the ten passenger Caproni biplanr- from 1 Washing ton to Nov. York and back 1 a?ain recently, was killed at noon to I day at th Hempstead flying field. Reanat i. one of 'he most famous Italian military aviators, met hia death while testing an American built Cap roni plane of the bombing type re cently authorized fov purchase b) lie United 'ates go -vnnient. Flying alon and carrying a cargo I of sixty bombs, ("apt a In Resist I left the f.yir. field -u what was 'o have ; been the first t ft of the new tpe of biplane The Rchine rose only ; feet wi .f one of 'J B planes cnr-.-.pled and it f'.ll hac'.vwp.rds. Capt-'ir Res jnatl, strapped to his seat, was un 1 able to rt leaje himself in tint j nr one Of the three heavy engines crushed ; him to ttcathj GERMAN BIRTH RATE DECLINING Compulsory Marriage for Peo ple Under Twenty Recom mended by Commission. LONDON, May 17 - The German commission appointed to examine the 1 ' decline In the birth rate m Germany j has reported a recommendation for the I compulsory marriage of Germans be , fori- theli twentieth year h passed at , cording to a dispatch to the Daily Ex press from Amsterdam Financial assistance would be grant i ed by the state, accordion to ih: plan,' which provides penalties tor thosi fail , ing to comply. Provision also is madel I for the punishment of married couples who remain childless. A report compiled by the local gov j ernment board based on Information from German sources shows a fall In the birth rate in Germany foi the three ! years 1915 to 1517. Inclusive, equiva lent to the loss of two million infants i Forty per cent loer biiths occurred in iniG ihan in l'G?.. These figures an j compared with a decrease of 10 p si cui in the birth rate in England and Wales The infantile death rate? In Ger- man. has beer kept v.HI down, but; n-s erthf-less, tto report shows, la 50 1 I per cent highei than in England and 1 Wales uu ' MRS. PALMER LEAVES ONLY TWO MILLION j : CHICAGO, May 17 The personal , property left by Mrs. Potter Palmer, the society leader who died last week I in Florida", is estimated at $2,600,000. This Is exclusive of the trust and es tate left by Mrs. Palmer's husband which twelve years ago was estimated at J8.H0O. nun Mrs. Palmer's will ua( I filed today. 1 T. S. LABOR LEADER I VISITS THE FRONT ; if''' far Martin F. Ryan pmerjrine from a tank. This snapshot of Martin F. Ryan, president of the Brotherhood of Railway Carmen and member of the executive council railway employees' department of the American Federa tion of Labor, was made on the oc casion of the visit of the American labor committee to an industrial plant in Eneland recently. The com mittee of which Mr. lyan is a mem ber made a tour of all war industries plants in the British Isles and it is nw inspecting the conditions ea the allied front in France. LIEUT. MAXON AGAIN REPORTED AMONOMISSING BALTIMORE. Md.. May 16. Lieu tenant Charles Maxon of Baltimore, reported missing in action in today's casually list, was twice before cap tured by the Germans, escaping the first time and being rescued by Brit Ista troops the second time. In each Instance, Maxon, who was attached to the medic-1 corps of the British army was on the battlefield attending to the wounded. Lieutenant Maxon s wife received a letter from him yesterdaj nrhich siid that he was back with the British troops and had been decorated twice for braver He gave no details of deeds for which he received the dec orations, on FIFTH WINTER OF WAR NOW IS INEVITABLE BERNE, Switzerland, Maj 17 - Via British Admiralty per Wireless Press In n speech before the Wuorttem bo;z diet, Herr Hausmann. one of the leaders of the Progressive party, said that a fifth winter of war was now inc iuiblc. Germans must umke up their minds to face disappointment, he said, in Btead of obtaining the victory hoped for during the summer. uu MEATLESS DAYS ABOLISHED." LONDON, May 17. Meatless days in London restaurants are abolished beginning today Restrictions on ea ins meat in restaurants have been made unnecessary by the meat ra lions system now in force. BAG PUKES British Bomb Factories and Railway Station at ! Saarbrucken. j ENGAGE JNJ I GHT Destroy Five Hun Ma chines and Lose One in Battle. With THE AMERICAN ARMY rN 1 FRANCE. May 17. -(By the Associat- 1 ed Press). American aviators in the' section northwest of Toul brought down another German airplane this 1 morning Full details of the action have not I been received. It appears, however.' that Lieutenant Udward Rickcnbachcr of Columbus, O.. answering an alaim ; shortly after daylight, encountered ' three enemy planes. He attacked them and shot one down three kilo , meters inside the enemy lines. Lieutenant Rickonbacber, formerly ! ' an automobile racer, was decorated with the French war cross on Wednes day. He assisted in bringing down 1 German airplane in enemy territory I two weeks ago LONDON. May 17. In spite of de-I termined opposition by German air planes British a iators on Thursday dropped bombs on factories and the railway station at Saarbrucken, in German Lorraine, starting a gre on the railway. After bombing the town, the Britishers turned on the enemy and in aerial fighting, .-ays an official state ment on aerial activities issued last midnight, destroyed five of the enemy j machines. One of the British airplanes , was lost. In intense aerial fighting on the. ; western front Wednesday thirty-seven German airplane were accounted for) by British aviators while eleven Brit-, ish machines are reported missing. RUSSIANS FLEE FROM AUSTRIAN NARTIALPATROL LONDON. Thursday May 16 -Martial law has been proclaimed .it Odes 1 1 sa by the Austrian commandant at thel request of the- tJermans, according to advices from Amsterdam. Street fight lug in Odessa is reported. At Kiev Austrian patrols are in the streets day; 'and night and thousands of persons! 'are Peeing from the cit. , I-. vlin expects to receive loo.OOOi j sheep and 50.000 pigs shortly from Ru ; ruauia and 100,000 tons of cereals in j July or August. on TEN PASSENGERS ON ; FRENCH SHIP KILLED PARIS. May 17 Ten passengers, j one European and nine Arabs were 1 killed when the French steamer At I lantique was torpedoed in the Medl ; tcrranean early this month- The : steamship managed to reach a port by 1 her own steam, it i.- announced. She measures 6147 tons. S I Germans Expected to H Show Their Hand H Soon. H CRUCIAL TEST COMING I Next Push to Be of Great I Magnitude and Fierceness. H WITH THE BBIT1SH TROOPS j IN PRANCE, May 17 (By The As sociated Press.) The ideal flying e.--terda:. on th" British front in Flan ders constituted a bad period for the enemy aerial service One British brigade alone up to 8 o'clock in the afternoon had destroyed fifteen Ger man planes and have drien six oth ers down out of control, according to unofficial but reliable figures which the correspondent learned, and at least five other hostile machines were sent crashing down Today Is another perfect day and it is certain to see many bitter clashes in the WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN FRANCE. Thursday. May 18 The al lies are still waiting for Field Marshal von Hindenburg to show his hand. No more magnificent weather could be imagined than has favored the west ern front in the last 48 hours. But eten this has brought no change in the military situation The Germans con tinue to remain comparatively inac tive in their sunbaked defenses and were it not for the grumbling of the guns, the clouds of the dust along the lines of transport and the flight of airplanes winging their way across the battle zone it would be hard to realize that u war was going on. Notwithstanding this, there has ben no relaxation of the tension which has exi.-ted alone the front tor many day.- It is realized that the en emy may strike at any time Certain ly no one doubts that an ambitious offensive is in preparation and the time ueoessary to complete the plans must havo about run its course. The delay is in itself an added Indi cation that the bext German push is to he one ot great magnitude and fierce ness This nxt battle may easily he the crucial one. for the Germans un doubtedly will attempt once more to smash entirely through the allied If the Germans again fail to achieve iheir aim and all along this front there is confidence that they will th. defending forces will feel easy once more for they feel that if the en emy cannot break through this time be will have played his last high trump. Then it will be the beginning of the end for the Central powers, military experts say In this connection the assistance of America, fast coming to the rescue, is emphasized. It Is felt that with Meadilv increasing manpower the al lies will b able to resume the offen sive and reclaim the land overrun by the invaders. Dependency is being placed out here on the help of the United States in delivering the finish ing blow. She holds the balance ot power and the prospects are being discussed eagerly throughout the length of the line. Everywhere there is tho greatest confidence in America, on the part of allied officers and men. uu MORE TO THE PURPOSE. Daughter I tell you, mother, you are prejudiced against Reginald, but he is a coming man Mother Perhaps so. but I wish hsj had more "go" In him.