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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, May 17, 1918, 3:30 P.M. CITY EDITION, Image 1

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METAL PRICES A f A T1f HWVlV I WEATHER FORECAST
fl NEW YORK. May 17.Metal quotations -or today B IB U H 1 I 1 I I 1 9 Nk9 1 1 Nl R B Anther Indications for Ogcier and vicinity
FEARLESS INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER "
ToTty-eighth Yoar-No. 118. Price Five cTs OGDEN CITY, UTAtFRIDAY EVENING AY17 1918. 3:30 P. M. CITY EDITION 12 PAGES
U. S. TROOPS IN f LANDERS I
: Germans Expected to Play Last High Trump I I
I In Next Attempt to Break Through Allied Line
; GREAT GUNS HAMMERING THE FRENCH FRONT I
Americans On
Line Barring
Way to Coast!
America is contributing to the stiffening of the Allied line
not only in Picardy but in Flanders.
American troops, today s dispatches report, have arrived:
on the British front and are finishing their training among
the troops holding the line which bars the way of the Germans
to the English channel, their objective in the north.
It is stated these Americans are the first troops to get
into the fighting zone as units brigaded with the British. They
arc part of the force which has been dispatched from the
United States in the new movement of troops forecast soon !
after the German offensive was 23.
It seems not improbable that there will be a renewal of
the German thrust in the Flanders' area shortly, either as a
separate operation or in conjunction with a re-opening of the 1
offensive on a great scale all along the battle line.
German Guns Active.
The German guns hnve been per
sistently active a'l around the Lys
salient, where the enemy's wedge pro
trudes toward Hazelbrouck, the rail
way junction which is the key to the
transportation system in this whole
area, and an increase in the intensity
of the bombardment there is reportjd
by the London war office today.
On the Somme front the chief ac
tivity continues to manifest itself in
the vicinity of HaiHes, where the Ger
man salient in Picardy has its tip. The
Frtnch have been cutting into the
German advance line here recently and
the guns of the opposing artillery'
forces are again hammering hard "'t
each other's positions as if in pre
paration for some new movement
by one side or the other.
Except for raiding operations there
have been no infantry actions on either
of the battle fronts. The air forces
have been extremely busy, however,
and incidentally the Americans are
showing effective work in this branch
of the fighting service.
Thus, closely following the bringing
down of three airplanes in one day, the
American aviation force has added an- i
other German machine to its list of j
victims. The latest enemy machine
to fall from American attack was!
brought down this morning in the sec
tor north of Tout.
Americans in France.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, May 17. (By the Associat- ,
ed Press.) Troops of the new Amen,
can army have arrived within the zone
of the British forces in northern
France and are now completing their,
training in the area occupied by the ;
troops which are blocking the path f
the Germane to the channel ports.
Paris Reports American Arrival.
PARIS, May 17 Announcement was'
made here today that American troops
have arrived in northern France, in
the zone occupied by British forces.
The announcement concludes with
the statement that the relations be- .
tween the British and American f- i
fleers and soldiers arc extremely cor
dial.
Their commander already has com
mended American forces in "the !
tranches on the French from
The British officers and men who
are iralning ihe new force say thel
Americans are of the finest material
and are certain to give a most excel
lent account of themselves.
Americans Loudly Cheered.
British troops greeted the Ameri
ans not only as comrades in arms,
but as warm friends. On arriving with
in the British zone they were cheered
lustily by the sons of Britain, many
of whom bore unmistakable sijrns of
battle. They had not seen the Amerl
cans before but they knew they were
coming.
The latest, stages of their training
before entering the line were begun al
most as soon as they reached their
destinations. From that point they
( ould hear the rumble of the not-distant
guns.
How long the American troops have
been with thm British when the news
that they are making their presence
felt ilong the line ma be expected
and where the homes of Hie men are
cannot he disclosed.
LONDON. May 17. The German ar
tillery fire Is increasingly active from
Locon to Hinges, along the western
side of the Flanders' salient and be
IX, l"een the lorest of Nleppe and Me.c-iri
4 -f 4
- 4
4- NEW AMERICAN ARMY. 4
4 1
WASHINGTON, May 17. The
American troopr, referred to as 4 i
4 "the new American army" in di-
4 patches today reporting iheir ar- 4
4 rhal in the zon of British oper- 4
4 ations in France ore flir- forces 4
4 being brigaded and trained with 4!
4 ihe British, probably on the 4
4 Flanders battlo front 4-;
4 They are not troops detached 4
4 from General Pershing's present 4
4 forces, but are part of the new 4
4 movement of troops from tho 4!
4 United States forecas! by Prmi 4
4 ier Lloyd-George some time agp. 4
t
,
on the northern side of the salient, the
war office announces.
The statement, follows:
"A hostile raiding party was repulv!
ed last night in the neighborhood of1
Moyenville south of arras
"There was great artillery actii(
on both sides during the niKht in the
Pacaut wood sector north of Hinges.)
The hostile artillery also has shown
Increased activity between Locon and;
Hinges and from the forest of Nieppol
tu Motern "
Bolshevlki Refuse Aid to Finnty.
LONDON. May 17 The Pelrograd
Bolsheviki government has declined to
intervene at Helsingfors on behalf of
the Finnish rebel leaders, according to I
a telegram from Helsingfors.
Violent Artillery Fighting.
PARIS. Maj 17. Violent artillery
flghtine in the region of Hailles, south
east of Amiens, Is reported in toda's
official statement
The announcement follows:
"During the nicht there was a vio
lent bombardment in the region of
Hailles.
"Near Mesnil-SL Georges we re
pnlsed 8 German raid and took prison
crs. South of Canny -Sur -Mats I
(southeast of Montdidioi ) French de- ;
tachments penetrated ihe German
lines at two poinis bringing back forty
prisone rs including an officer
"On the southern bonk of the Oise!
German attacks on small 1 rem h posts j
in the sector of Yarennes were brok
en up by our fire.
1 "Elsewhere the night passed in
I quiet "
Morning Review of War Situation.
I Germany still hesitates to renew
.heavy fighting on the main battlefields
of the western front but the Increase
in aerial artillery activity Indicates
that infantry action on a larger BCale
I than in the past, two weeks soon may
be in progress
Allied and German gunners are
j harassing ihe opposing lines wit h shell
fire and this fighting continues most!
marked on tho front north of the Lj B,
in Flanders and south of the Somme
in Picardy. It has been the German
policy to precede a strong infantry
operation with a few hours ot the most
intense artillery fire, but the enemy
bombardments have not yet reached
the highest pitch, thoueih it is believed
the German preparation for anothei
offensive move are about completed.
Airmen Are Busy .
Recently British and French airmen
'have been meeting with little opposi
tion in dropping mobs on railway sta
llions, Lroop encampments and other
military targets behind the German
Aviation in Great Offen
sive on West Front
Breaks Down.
ENORMOUS WASTAGE
Germans Lack Both Men
and Machines in Fly
ing Program.
LONDON. May 6 (Correspondence
of The Associated Press.) German
aviation has proved a signal failure in
the great offensive on the western
front according to an officer corre
spondent of the Morning Post.
Returning from the front, he says:
"German aviation does not exist at
present. There were two principal
reasons, the first being the tremend
ous wastage caused by the incessant
attacks of the British and French
pilots on German machines, the sec
ond being the bombinc of airdromes.
The enemy today suffers from lack
both of men and machines in its fly
ing program."
uu
Seven Submarines
Destroyed by Crews
LONDON Thursday. May 16 The
seven British submarines destroyed by
their crews al Helsingfors to prevent
their b. ins captured bv the Germans
reached the Baltic sea "either through
ihe si raits between Denmark and Nor
way and Sweden or by way of Arcban
S el ar 1 ordirm 10 an admirali .- t.i te
ment. The class C boats went by wav
of Archangel while the class E boats
took the other roui e
lines. Now the enemy has become
most act he ;unl has attcmpir-.l bomb
ing raids behind the allied lines as
well as tryine; to prevent the allied
bombers from carrying on their work
Fifty-six German machines ;,rt report
ed accounted for by London and Paris.
Of these 43 machines were destroyed
by allied a. iators. Berlin, on the oth
er hand, lalms 1 be desti u 1 Ion" of 82
allied airplane:..
After a battle with Cerman air
planes, British airmen on Thursday
dropped bomb on Saarbrucken, Gei
man Lorraine, causing at least one
fire. The British then attacked the
German airplanes anew and destroyed
five of them while losing one or their
own number.
No Infantry Activity,
There has been no infantry activity
except for patrol raids, on all the long
sectors from the North sea to Switz
erland, Including 'he American sec
tors. American artillerymen in Pic
ardy again have caused fires in Mont
didier. Little Rest for Austriann.
Between Lake Garda and the Piave
the Italian troops are giving the ,u
trians little rest The success in gain
ng the BUfnmit of Monte Corno, south
of AsiagO, has been followed b an
operation against Monte Asolone, just.
, .1 1 of the Brentu. At l wo places the
Austrian trenches were entered, the
part of the garrison, not killed or cap
tured, fleeing Vienna says the Ital
ian activities spread to Monte Per
tlca. east of Asolene. Both these
heights are outposts of the formidable
Monte Grappa.
Along the front from the Steivlo
pass to Lako Garda enemy patrols
bavt been repulsed by tnp Italians
Between Lake Garda and the Brenta
, nd on the Aslago plateau the artillery
fire has increased.
AVIATOR
KILLED
IN TEST
Captain of Royai Italian
Flying Corps Falls
1 to Death.
PLANES CRUMPLE UP
Officer Crashed Under
One of Three Heavy
Engines.
N KW YORK, May 17. Captain An
tonio Sih 10 Rosnati of the Royal Ital
ian Flying corps, who piloted the
ten passenger Caproni biplanr- from
1 Washing ton to Nov. York and back
1 a?ain recently, was killed at noon to
I day at th Hempstead flying field.
Reanat i. one of 'he most famous
Italian military aviators, met hia death
while testing an American built Cap
roni plane of the bombing type re
cently authorized fov purchase b) lie
United 'ates go -vnnient.
Flying alon and carrying a cargo
I of sixty bombs, ("apt a In Resist I left
the f.yir. field -u what was 'o have
; been the first t ft of the new tpe of
biplane The Rchine rose only
; feet wi .f one of 'J B planes cnr-.-.pled
and it f'.ll hac'.vwp.rds. Capt-'ir Res
jnatl, strapped to his seat, was un
1 able to rt leaje himself in tint j nr one
Of the three heavy engines crushed
; him to ttcathj
GERMAN BIRTH
RATE DECLINING
Compulsory Marriage for Peo
ple Under Twenty Recom
mended by Commission.
LONDON, May 17 - The German
commission appointed to examine the 1
' decline In the birth rate m Germany
j has reported a recommendation for the I
compulsory marriage of Germans be
, fori- theli twentieth year h passed at
, cording to a dispatch to the Daily Ex
press from Amsterdam
Financial assistance would be grant
i ed by the state, accordion to ih: plan,'
which provides penalties tor thosi fail
, ing to comply. Provision also is madel
I for the punishment of married couples
who remain childless.
A report compiled by the local gov j
ernment board based on Information
from German sources shows a fall In
the birth rate in Germany foi the three !
years 1915 to 1517. Inclusive, equiva
lent to the loss of two million infants i
Forty per cent loer biiths occurred
in iniG ihan in l'G?.. These figures an
j compared with a decrease of 10 p si
cui in the birth rate in England and
Wales
The infantile death rate? In Ger-
man. has beer kept v.HI down, but;
n-s erthf-less, tto report shows, la 50 1
I per cent highei than in England and 1
Wales
uu
' MRS. PALMER LEAVES
ONLY TWO MILLION j
: CHICAGO, May 17 The personal ,
property left by Mrs. Potter Palmer,
the society leader who died last week I
in Florida", is estimated at $2,600,000.
This Is exclusive of the trust and es
tate left by Mrs. Palmer's husband
which twelve years ago was estimated
at J8.H0O. nun Mrs. Palmer's will ua(
I filed today. 1
T. S. LABOR LEADER I
VISITS THE FRONT ;
if'''
far
Martin F. Ryan pmerjrine from a
tank.
This snapshot of Martin F. Ryan,
president of the Brotherhood of
Railway Carmen and member of the
executive council railway employees'
department of the American Federa
tion of Labor, was made on the oc
casion of the visit of the American
labor committee to an industrial
plant in Eneland recently. The com
mittee of which Mr. lyan is a mem
ber made a tour of all war industries
plants in the British Isles and it is
nw inspecting the conditions ea the
allied front in France.
LIEUT. MAXON
AGAIN REPORTED
AMONOMISSING
BALTIMORE. Md.. May 16. Lieu
tenant Charles Maxon of Baltimore,
reported missing in action in today's
casually list, was twice before cap
tured by the Germans, escaping the
first time and being rescued by Brit
Ista troops the second time. In each
Instance, Maxon, who was attached to
the medic-1 corps of the British army
was on the battlefield attending to the
wounded.
Lieutenant Maxon s wife received a
letter from him yesterdaj nrhich siid
that he was back with the British
troops and had been decorated twice
for braver He gave no details of
deeds for which he received the dec
orations, on
FIFTH WINTER
OF WAR NOW
IS INEVITABLE
BERNE, Switzerland, Maj 17 - Via
British Admiralty per Wireless Press
In n speech before the Wuorttem
bo;z diet, Herr Hausmann. one of the
leaders of the Progressive party, said
that a fifth winter of war was now
inc iuiblc.
Germans must umke up their minds
to face disappointment, he said, in
Btead of obtaining the victory hoped
for during the summer.
uu
MEATLESS DAYS ABOLISHED."
LONDON, May 17. Meatless days
in London restaurants are abolished
beginning today Restrictions on ea
ins meat in restaurants have been
made unnecessary by the meat ra
lions system now in force.
BAG
PUKES
British Bomb Factories
and Railway Station at
! Saarbrucken. j
ENGAGE JNJ I GHT
Destroy Five Hun Ma
chines and Lose One
in Battle.
With THE AMERICAN ARMY rN 1
FRANCE. May 17. -(By the Associat- 1
ed Press). American aviators in the'
section northwest of Toul brought
down another German airplane this
1 morning
Full details of the action have not
I been received. It appears, however.'
that Lieutenant Udward Rickcnbachcr
of Columbus, O.. answering an alaim
; shortly after daylight, encountered
' three enemy planes. He attacked
them and shot one down three kilo
, meters inside the enemy lines.
Lieutenant Rickonbacber, formerly !
' an automobile racer, was decorated
with the French war cross on Wednes
day. He assisted in bringing down 1
German airplane in enemy territory I
two weeks ago
LONDON. May 17. In spite of de-I
termined opposition by German air
planes British a iators on Thursday
dropped bombs on factories and the
railway station at Saarbrucken, in
German Lorraine, starting a gre on the
railway. After bombing the town, the
Britishers turned on the enemy and in
aerial fighting, .-ays an official state
ment on aerial activities issued last
midnight, destroyed five of the enemy j
machines. One of the British airplanes
, was lost.
In intense aerial fighting on the.
; western front Wednesday thirty-seven
German airplane were accounted for)
by British aviators while eleven Brit-,
ish machines are reported missing.
RUSSIANS FLEE
FROM AUSTRIAN
NARTIALPATROL
LONDON. Thursday May 16 -Martial
law has been proclaimed .it Odes 1
1 sa by the Austrian commandant at thel
request of the- tJermans, according to
advices from Amsterdam. Street fight
lug in Odessa is reported. At Kiev
Austrian patrols are in the streets day;
'and night and thousands of persons!
'are Peeing from the cit.
, I-. vlin expects to receive loo.OOOi
j sheep and 50.000 pigs shortly from Ru
; ruauia and 100,000 tons of cereals in
j July or August.
on
TEN PASSENGERS ON
; FRENCH SHIP KILLED
PARIS. May 17 Ten passengers,
j one European and nine Arabs were
1 killed when the French steamer At
I lantique was torpedoed in the Medl
; tcrranean early this month- The
: steamship managed to reach a port by
1 her own steam, it i.- announced. She
measures 6147 tons.
S I
Germans Expected to H
Show Their Hand H
Soon. H
CRUCIAL TEST COMING I
Next Push to Be of Great I
Magnitude and
Fierceness. H
WITH THE BBIT1SH TROOPS j
IN PRANCE, May 17 (By The As
sociated Press.) The ideal flying e.--terda:.
on th" British front in Flan
ders constituted a bad period for the
enemy aerial service One British
brigade alone up to 8 o'clock in the
afternoon had destroyed fifteen Ger
man planes and have drien six oth
ers down out of control, according to
unofficial but reliable figures which
the correspondent learned, and at
least five other hostile machines were
sent crashing down
Today Is another perfect day and it
is certain to see many bitter clashes in
the
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN
FRANCE. Thursday. May 18 The al
lies are still waiting for Field Marshal
von Hindenburg to show his hand. No
more magnificent weather could be
imagined than has favored the west
ern front in the last 48 hours. But
eten this has brought no change in the
military situation The Germans con
tinue to remain comparatively inac
tive in their sunbaked defenses and
were it not for the grumbling of the
guns, the clouds of the dust along
the lines of transport and the flight
of airplanes winging their way across
the battle zone it would be hard to
realize that u war was going on.
Notwithstanding this, there has
ben no relaxation of the tension
which has exi.-ted alone the front tor
many day.- It is realized that the en
emy may strike at any time Certain
ly no one doubts that an ambitious
offensive is in preparation and the
time ueoessary to complete the plans
must havo about run its course.
The delay is in itself an added Indi
cation that the bext German push is to
he one ot great magnitude and fierce
ness This nxt battle may easily he
the crucial one. for the Germans un
doubtedly will attempt once more to
smash entirely through the allied
If the Germans again fail to achieve
iheir aim and all along this front
there is confidence that they will
th. defending forces will feel easy
once more for they feel that if the en
emy cannot break through this time
be will have played his last high
trump. Then it will be the beginning
of the end for the Central powers,
military experts say
In this connection the assistance of
America, fast coming to the rescue, is
emphasized. It Is felt that with
Meadilv increasing manpower the al
lies will b able to resume the offen
sive and reclaim the land overrun by
the invaders. Dependency is being
placed out here on the help of the
United States in delivering the finish
ing blow. She holds the balance ot
power and the prospects are being
discussed eagerly throughout the
length of the line. Everywhere there
is tho greatest confidence in America,
on the part of allied officers and men.
uu
MORE TO THE PURPOSE.
Daughter I tell you, mother, you
are prejudiced against Reginald, but
he is a coming man
Mother Perhaps so. but I wish hsj
had more "go" In him.

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