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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, October 14, 1918, LAST EDITION - 3:30 P.M., Image 1

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1 jightiT Year-No. 246. Price Five centa. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, MONDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 14, 1918. LAST EDITION 3:30 P. M. H
I Three Groups of Entente Troops are I
Making Rapid Progress Toward Ghent I
14, 10:30 a. m., by The Associated Press. British, Belgian
and American forces attacked at dawn this morning on a wide
front in Flanders. The Allied troops are driving in the gen
eral direction of Ghent and Courtrai.
The attack seems to be generally from Comines to the
northward. The troops of the three nations went over the
top after a "crash" bombardment only. There was no pre
r iminary bombardment. It undoubtedly tactcally surprised
the enemy. J
14, by The Associated Press. Reports from the advanced
positions this morning indicated that the three groups of
Allied troops were making excellent progress in the Belgian
salient from which the Germans have been precipitately re
moving war material for two weeks.
PARIS, Oct. 1 4. French troops last night continued to
keep in contact with the retiring Germans, the French War
office announced today. The French repulsed the remaining
enemy troops showing resistanceon-theTiorth-bank of -the-Oise
canal south of Chateau Porcien.
PARIS, Oct. 1 4. Premier Clemenceau has-been at the
front for the last 48 hours.
LISBON, Portugal, Oct. 14. The Portuguese govern
ment has declared a state of siege for all Portuguese territory.
The president, as commander-in-chief of the military and naval
units, has takon direct command of the forces. Tranquility
reigns in the country.
LONDON, Oct. 1 4. After capturing Nish on Saturday,
Serbian forces took possession of the enemy positions north
of the town, according to the Serbian official announcement
pr', issued tday. French cavahy have occupied the Bela Palanda.
LONDON, Oct. 1 4. The British are pressing in on both
sides of Douai. Field Marshal Haig's official statement today
reports gains of ground both north and south of the city.
PARIS, Oct. 13. Sixty-five hundred civilians were
liberated when the French troops entered the city of Laon.
The statement issued at the war office says that the
French have passed far beyond the town on the whole front
I between the Oise and the Ailette river.
Germans Open Bombardment
LONDON, Oct. 14 The text of the
Halg -war statement reads:
"Yesterday nfternoon the enemy op
ened a heavy bombardment on a -wide
front north of Le Cateau. Under cover
of this artillery fire, strong infantry
attacks were launched against our po
sitions east of the Selle river in the
neighborhood of Solesmes. These at
tacks were repulsed after stiff fight
ing. "Other attacks in which tanks were
employed to support infantry assaults
were delivered by the enemy yester
day without success against our posi
tions -opposite the village of Haspres
(southwest of Valenciennes).
, "Our patrols pushed forward in the
rfp course of the night at a number of
I ' points south and north of Douai. We
gained ground and took prisoners."
German Retreat Forced.
PARIS, Oct 1-1. Newspapers here
; - believe that, as a result of the continu-
(Jus advance of the allies, the Germans
will bo forced to retreat to the Lille -Mezires-Metz
The German retreat is being carried
out with difficulty owing to tho bom
bardment of railroads by airplanes.
British troops are reported to have
outflanked Bouchaln and to be ad
, 1 vancing on Denain, from which town
; - they aro only three miles distant.
; American " forces aro advancing in
the direction of Dun-sur-Meusc in the
; Argonne sector, according to the In
',, translgeant.
; , t
ir Pershing Reports German Repulse
; Washington, Oct. 14 Repulse of
I i strong and repeated enemy counler-
; attacks upon the newly won American
,-j . Positions on both sides of the Meuso
and continued participation by Ameri-
1 can divisions in successful operations
4 ' yy tho British south of Le Cateau and
the French in Champagne is reported
fi , by General Pershing in his comniun
PJquofor Sunday. i
France Breaks With Finland
PARIS, Oct. 11 France has broken
off tho semi-official diplomatic rela
tions which have existed with Fin
land, it is officially announced. This
action was taken because the Finnish
diet called a German prince to the
throne. French interests In Finland
will bo in charge of a consular agent
at Helsingfors.
FRANCE, Sunday, Oct. 13. (Night)
By the Associated Press) Reports re
ceived at British headquarters from
the French front tonight show tho
French across the Oise river north of
Origny, seven miles southwest of
Guise. They are holding tho railway
on the easterly side of the river on a
front of about a third of a mile.
Lieut. Johnson
Dies of Spanish
Influenza in Canada
OTTAWA, Oct. 14. Lieut. Robert S.
Johnston, aged 27, a civil engineer lent
to the Canadian government "by the
United States government for duty in
connection with construction of de
fenses on the Canadian Atlantic coast,
died today of Spanish influenza. His
home was in Ireton, la.
CHICAGO, Oct. 14 Announcement
from the gallery of the Board of Trade
today that the United States govern
ment would buy large amounts of
corn for November and December de
llvory made corn prices jump skyward.
The November option touched $1.20
a rise of six cents above Friday's close,
and a far greater advance from a sharp
initial setback today due to the Ger
man reply to President Wilson's In
BBil j
'Northeastern Minnesota
I' a Smouldering Ruin
i With Hundreds Dead.
Ideate list grows
Thousands Destitute and
Loss Millions.
DULUTH, Minn.. Oct. 1-1 A large
section of northeastern Minnesota
three days ago a busy and prosperous
business and farming country today
was a smouldering ruin with hundreds
of bodies of men, women and children,
many of them burned beyond recogni
tion, strewn about the countryside as
the result of the disastrous forest fires
which swept this territory Saturday
and Sunday.
Latest estimates place the death list
at close to 1,000 although no official
figures are available. Hundreds of
persons are more or less seriously
burned, thousands are destitute and
homeless and the property loss will
run into many millions of dollars. At
least a dozen towns and cities were
destroyed. The worst blazes were at
Moose Lake, Settle River and Cloquet.
Relief work under direction of Adjutant-General
W. F. Rhinow and Gov
ernor Burnquist is progressing rapid -
It developed that Counsellor Polk
of the state department was at the
British embassy in consultation with
Colville Barclay, counsellor and charge
in the absence of Lord Reading and
other officials of the embassy.
Allies Agree On Common Action
Counsellor Polk's visit Avas consid
ered to be significantly connected with
the word from London that tho Bri
tish government is inclined to opposo
tho granting of an armistice until
complete guarantees of both a mili
tary and naval nature come from Ger
many. This development, reported in
an Associated Press dispatch from
London, probably has some relation
to the announcement Saturday that
Great Britain, France and Italy were
agreeing upon a common line of ac
tion. Charred Ruins Mark Path of Fire
DULUTH, Minn.. Oct, 1-1 Charred
ruins mark the path of tho fire which
swept into Duluth destroying homes
within tho city limits. Back of Du
luth the villages of Adolph, Munger,
Five Corners, Barney, Grand Lake,
Maple Grove and Twig which were
thriving communities Saturday mor
ning, are almost obliterated. Further
west Carlton, Cloquet, Brookston and
Brevator can be recognized only by
sign posts. Pike Lake and Pine Hill
are no more, while to the south the
Moose Lake district is a smouldering
Thousands of homeless persons
have been brought here, hundreds
more taken to points further south
while many of those seriously burned
have been removed to hospitals in St.
Paul and Minneapolis.
Refugees here seemingly have no
desire to learn tho truth regarding
their losses. Most of them believe
that everything they had In the world
i has been destroyed and city health of-
fleers of the city have thrown open
I every available house to enre for them,
i Persons who have visited the burned
districts declare there is no way to
place a monetary estimate of the loss.
Red Cross headquarters devoted al
most tho entire day in the effort to
re-unite families.
Oreatest difficulty has been encoun
tered in supplying suitable clothing.
The fire loss in Duluth alone Is
placed at ?750,000, nearly 100 buildings
having been destroyed.
He, is a strong man who can over-
como his smallest weakness,-
LONDON, Oct. 14 It is learned in authoritative quarters says Reuter's, limited, that there II
is no prospect of an early armistice as the result of Germany's overtures. II I
i '
President Calls Lansing;
j and Baker for Con- ;
t ference. j
l-WI Be No-End of Hoc
tilities Without Uncon
ditional Surrender.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 14. An official
dispatch from Rome today says that
while the Italian public knows the al
lied governments adhere In principle to
President Wilson's expressed program
of peace they "have opinions of their
own clearing up Wilson's principles on
special points of national interest.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 14 Turkey's
long delayed note, asking, like Ger
many and Austria-Hungary, that Pres
ident Wilson take in hand the restor
ation of peace, was received today at
the state department.
The note, differing only slightly in
phraseology from those of the1 greater
Central Powers, was delivered by the
Spanish ambassador.
The communication as it reached the
state department Is unsigned. It was
transmitted by Ambassador Riano as
"the text of a communication received
by the minister of foreign affairs of
Spain from the charge d'affaires of
Turkey in Madrid on October 12."
Ambassador Riano said it reached
him late yesterday evening.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 14 Germany's
reply to President Wilson arrived in
official form by cable this morning.
It was in German text, a translation
of which was identical with that re-,
! ceived by wireless Saturday night.
The Swiss charge appeared at the
state department shortly after the ap
pointed time and delivered the note
without comment. Colonel House was
in Secretary Lansing's office at, the
Instead of taking the riole directly
to the White House as he did Prince
Maximilian's peace plea, Frederick
Oederlin," Swiss charge, communicated
with the state department. He was
askbd to present it to Secretary Lan
sing at 11:15 o'clock.
Wilson Calls Lansing and Baker
In the meantime President Wilson
had called Secretaries Lansing and
Baker to the White House for a con
ference. The president and Mr. Lan
sing had been considering the German
communication since Saturday night
when the unofficial text reached them,
and Secretary Baker, just back from
France, was prepared to give first
hand information about the situation
at the battle front which has brought
about the Gorman eagerness for peace,
Colonel B. M. House joined in the
Wilson To Act Quickly
The only official intimation that has
come regarding the probable course
of the president Is that ho is sure to
act quickly and positively. The con
fident belief prevailed that, whatever
might be the form of that action, it
would not contemplate a cessation of
hostilities nor negotiation for peace
with the Germnn government except
upon conditions amounting to uncon
ditional surrender.
Last night the government asked the
American people to suspend judgment
on the German note until the presi
dent could consider, it. If the opinion j
of the man in the street Is reflected i
by editorial comment coming from ev
ery corner of the country, the people:
already have made" up their minds
j thnt-thoro shouldrbe no -temporizing.,
WASHINGTON, Oct. 14 Senator
Ashurst of Arizona after conferring
with President Wilson today said:
"The president will take no action
that will weaken in the smallest de
gree the successes of the American
and Allied armies In the field."
"On the contrary," Senator Ashurst
added, "what he will do will rather
strengthen the military situation."
This was the first statement,by any
body who .has talked with the presi
dent. The senator said that the country
should not be Avorried: that of course
the president knew the views of Clem
enceau and Lloyd-George and was
prepared to take the proper step in
, accord with the Allies.
British Attache
Dies as Result
of Influenza
WASHINGTON. Oct. 13 Captain
Angus Mackintosh, honorary attache
'of the British embassy here and son-in-law
of the' Duke of Devonshire.
I Governor General of Canada, died at
I his home here today of pneumonia,
following influenza.
Captain Mackintosh was taken to a
hospital here last Monday but his con
dition was not considered serious un
j til a few days ago. His mother-in-law,
the Duchess of Devonshire, was
at his bedside at the time of his
,death. Captain Mackintosh was mar
Vied about a year ago to Lady Maude
Cavendish, who is in Ottawa with their
I infant daughter.
) Prior to his assignment to the cm
ibassy here Captain Mackintosh saw
service with the British army in
France, where he received several
; decorations for bravery. He was
j wounded in action and also gassed,
the latter In the opinion of his phy
! sician probably having weakened his
power to resist the disease which
caused his death.
with an enemy whose word is worth
only what the victorious Allied armies
make it.
It is assumed that since Saturday
night at least Informal exchanges have
taken place between Washington and
the capitals of the co-belligerents. In
formed of the views of the Allied pre
miers, the president may determine
his action before the day is over.
It was stated that ?he president
might ask for a joint session of the
senate and house to communicate his
decision and the reasons for it to con
gress, the country and the world.
Secretary Daniels Joins Conference
Secretary Daniels joined the White
House conference. The president and
his advisers were together for nearly
two hours, then the cabinet officers
and Colonel House walked over to the
state, war and navy building, leaving
the president alone in his study where
nearly all of his notes and utterances
have been drafted. ,
Ukraine Appeals to President
BERNE, Switzerland, Oct. 14 It is J
stated in Ukranlan circles that the;
governor of the Ukraine is about to"
send a telegram to President WilsoiiJ
drawing his attention to the conse- j
quence to the Ukraine of the appllca- j
lion of his program with regard to the.
evacuation of occupied territories. The
Ukranian cabinet, it is said, considers
tho Ukraine to be occupied territory
and it holds that tho article of thei
president's program regarding this;
question would risk the infringing of
its sovereign rights. 1
People Throng Streets In Berlin
LONDON, Oct. 14 Many thousand'
men and women in Berlin thronged
to the center of the city Saturday "night
and waited for hours for the Gorman
reply to President Wilson, according
to a Copenhagen dispatch to tho Ex
change Telegraph company. They
were waiting when the text was is
sued at ten o'clock.
The Vorwaerts warns the Tan-Germans,
who are preparing counterlac
tlons, to secure tho continuance of the
old system that they are pursuing a
dangerous course and should beware
of exhausting the people's patience.
Maximilian May Resigp.
LONDON, Oct. 14. Tho resignation
of Prince Maximilian of Baden as
German imperial chancellor is prob
able, according to reports from Hol
land today. They quote" the Berlin Na
tional Zeitung as saying the chancel
lor's retirement is regarded "in certain
circles as inevitable-
Unconditional Surrender
Is Dominant Note of
WASHINGTON, Oct, 14. Discus
j sion of Germany's peace reply in the ,
I senate was opened today by Senator ,
1 New of Indiana who declared nothing I
I short of unconditional surrender of the i
i German army will meet the demands;
i of-the American-people? -
I Senator Thomas of Colorado, Demo- j
I crat, Introduced a resolution stipulat- j
I ing that no peace pact be entered intOj
jby the United States with Germany
I without a specific recognition of the
j rights of self government for the Slav- (
ouic and Polish people.
Senator Charnberlain of Oregon,!
chairman of the senate military com-i
mittee, in a statement today opposed
accepting Germany's latest note which
he said was more a suggestion of ne
gotiations than a promise to surrender,
j "I approved of the president's note
:lo Germany," he said, "because I felt
that It was a diplomatic demand for an
unconditional surrender. Whether Ger
many's reply amounts to a promise of
unconditional surrender or not, I am in
doubt. There should be no doubt in
any mind."
In the third of President Wilson's
fourteen principles which Germany
has accepted. Senator New said he
saw a plan to write Into the peace
treaty a free trade agreement.
"I do not believe," he said, "that the;
American people will willingly or com
placently submit to having themselves
placed at a permanent and irremedlal
commercial disadvantage through the
form of the peace agreement whenever
or wherever they may be submitted."
Many resolutions and telegrams re
ceived by senators from their home
stales opposing any temporizing with
Germany and urging unconditional
surrender alone as the basis for peace
were reaa into tne recoru.
Among the senators presenting themj
were Minority Leader Lodge and Sen
ators Townsend of Michigan and Bran
dagee of Connecticut.
Republican Leader Lodge today in-1
troduced a resolution to declare it the I
sense of the senate that no further
communication be handed the German
government of the subject of an arm
istice and that no communication With
that government, except on the ques
tion of unconditional surrender.
Senator Lodge made no comment on
the resolution at tho time of Its Intro
duction. LONDON, Oct. 14 While certain
developments are taking place, the
Central "News agency says it learns,
it can be said that the British govern
ment will resolutely oppose tho grant
ing of any armistice to Germany un
less absolute guarantees, both military
and naval, aro forthcoming.
- uu
Americans Will
Subscribe Three
Billions in 6 Days
WASHINGTON, Oct. 14 Unaffected
by proposals of peace by Germany, the
American people today set themselves
to subscribe at least three billion dol- j
lars in the next six days to the fourth ,
Liberty loan the greatest financial!
task ever placed before the nation.
Reports to the treasury today based,
on information received from each ofj
the twelve districts showed lhat to-j
tal subscriptions received to date j
amount lo only S3,000,0t0,000.
LONDON, Oct. 14. King George,
Queen Mary and Queen Mother Alex
andra yesterday received a party of
twenty-five American editors at Sand
ringhara, the estate of the royal fam
ily., in Norfolk.
No Armistice Without H
Unconditional Surren- !;
der Is Dominant Word. i
;No"?eii$orary C'essa- j
tion of Hostilities Per- I
missible, British View.
LONDON, Oct. 14. No armistice, Ij
unless accompanied by Germany's un- Ir
conditional surrender, is the dominant Ij
note in the comment on the peace sit- H,
uation in this morning's newspapers. W
I "The allies will take nothing less. I
than unconditional surrender in the II j
field." says the Post. "Otherwise the w
war has been fought In vain." Rj
' The paper sees in Germany's en- It;
deavor to open peace negotiations jfli
merely an attempt to avoid disaster, M
and adds: W
"It is not the first time the Germans ffl'
have erroneously assumed that Presi- yj)
dent Wilson does not understand the R,
people with whom he is dealing. But I .
President Wilson knows the enemy as 1 :
well as do the allies. Germany's design h i
is lo first create dissension between 01
the United Slates and the allies. If Dr. j
Solf can got the allies and America to W
talking he will have achieved the pur- I1
pose for which he and Prince Max ,u
were appointed." i
The Chronicle contends that no ,g
peace discussion is possible without a
final cessation of fighting. Under the i
caption "temporary armistice inad- jj!
I missible," the paper says:
I "We must insist upon such terms as FJI
will virtually disarm the Central pow- i
I ers. We cannot contemplate Germany Ijl
withdrawing her armies intact, recon- jWj
stituting them on shorter lines and jnjl
then rattling the sword again at the
peace conference." ; 1 1H 1
"Tho German reply Is not an ac- j
ceptance of President Wilson's terms," j jl I
says the Mail. "The statement that ! fjj j
they have been accepted Is not ,tne '. gj
only untruth in theGerman reply ' . 11 1
j The present German peace note was 1 IS i
' formed by the same powers and ruin- jj .
j Ions as those who have directed every jj
foul act that has disgraced the nation . 19
j of Germany from tearing up a 'scrap ra
i of paper' to sinking of the Leinster. 9
j The pally "News says the German 1
I nolo implies that Germany accepts de- jjj
I feat as the verdict of the war, but ex- j
presses some doubt as to Dr. Solf's ra
representation of Germany's people t lii
instead of Germany's military rulers. Ill
The newspaper continues: i m
j May Provoke Jealousies. 01
"Germany may hope lhat by ap- gj
proaching President Wilson she was j
able to see the launching of jealousy i M
among the allies. This is of great im- I M
i portance. Wo must bo careful that no M
(shadow of distrust or jealousy comes m
between the allies at this critical 1 jl
Tho paper shows anxiety over the UK
question whether the allies arc really 9
in accord with President Wilson's j K
peacii principles and whether they j us
J agree with the terms he fixed for an M'
armistice. JB
It continues: ijl
"We wish a formal declaration as to I W
an armistice by Great Britain. France j B
and Italy, existed to place this matter j 11
beyond doubt." j H
! it believes, however, there cannot be tnj
any practical doubt on this point and tvm
thinks that there seems to be no rooni j M
for the possibility of a hitch between iH
Foch Must Settle Armistice. j M
j The Telegraph points out that the I M
(Continued on.Pago 4.), j j

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