Newspaper Page Text
m " 1 ''1 1
J N,v , v WEATHER FORECAST ? : li I: ' " ' 0 FEARLESS INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER ",v H p7hth Year-No. 281. , Price Five cenTo. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, SATURDAYEVENING, NOVEMBER 30, 19l8. LAST EDITION 3:30 P.M. Iffil , f William Hohercoflern Expresses Mope That "the New Regent" Would Be Able to Protect People Against Anarchy and Foreign Supremacy; British Threaten to Renew m I f War If Treatment of Prisoners Is Not Remedied; Socialists Seize German Wireless Stations, H W V ; . , Bfij i Amer icon Prisoners Suffer at Hands oi Huns I S I? . r ' . H I ; - - ; S I LONDON, Nov. 30, via Montreal. The coalition gov- ' ft ernment, if it is returned to power, will insist upon the pe- : sonal accountability of former Emperor William for the 5 . crimes for which he personally was responsible, said Sir Fred- I erick E. Smith, British attorney-general, in an election day j speech yesterday. i Sir Frederick said it was also the intention of the coalition J government to punish Germany which had broken every W law, human and divine. With regard to the Germans interned in England, the attorney-general announced it was the government's inten- " f tion to send them back to Germany. 1 f AMSTERDAM, Nov. 30. William Hohenzolleni lias definitely, I i renounced all future rights to the crowns of Prussia and Germany J according to the test of a document signed by the former emperor, I ; which is quoted in a telegram received here from Berlin. j LONDON, Nov. 30. Former Emperor William signed his abdi-1 i J cation at Amerohgen, Holland, yesterday, according to a dispatch 1 jj' to the Wolff bureau of Berlin, transmitted by the Exchange Tele- ( graph correspondent at Copenhagen. j; The abdication decree, according to the message, expressed the hope that "the new regent" would be able to protect the German J people against anarchy, starvation and foreign supremacy. The use of the word regent in the statement is commented upon ', I here as possibly significant. i.'Im !j WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. State department advices from The I Hague today reported that Admiral von Hintze, former head of the t t German navy, was in Holland to obtain from the former kaiser a formal proclamation of abdication. j AMSTERDAM, Nov. 30. In response to a threat by the British ; I armistice commissioners that hostilities would be resumed unless the ( ; conditions under which prisoners were arriving in the allied lines ; was remedied, a Berlin telegram declares that everything is being j ?' done by Germany to assure the orderly return of prisoners. j The German response adds that the transport of returning Brit-1 i ish prisoners is now assured and that much transport has already I been effected to a considerable extent. j j PARIS, Friday, Nov. 29. The first of the 150,000 railway cars : ! which Germany must deliver to the allies under the terms of the ! armistice, arrived yesterday at the frontier and were received by j military authorities, acocrding to the Matin. i t BERLIN, Friday, Nov. 29. A group of independent Socialist I Democrats closely identified with the Spartacus element of Dr. Lieb- t knecht has seized control of all wireless stations in Germany and I now is transmitting propaganda and other news, the Berlin Tage- I blatt says it is informed. I Chancellor Ebert and Herr Haase on behalf of the government, I the newspaper adds, warn the press at home and abroad of this con-' dition and declare further that the government will not assume re-1 I sponsibility for wireless information now being sent out of Ger- j many. j j PARIS, Wednesday, Nov. 27. Fifteen thousand allied soldiers : who have been prisoners of war in Germany are pouring through ;'. Metz and an equal-number is passing through Verdun, according to 1 Y. M. C. A, headquarters here. Americans and British are being received at Verdun by the Y. M. C. A. and are given any aid that) , may be necessary. m A large number of American officers will enter Switzerland on j Pridaj, according to the Y. M. C. A. These men are now being con- centrated at Villengen, Germany. i k BERLIN, Thursday, Nov. 28. The ,a!ms of the new German Democratic '( Party were outlined to the correspond. ent today by Theodore Wolff, editor in ,j ' chief of the Berlin Tageblatt. It was on Herr Wolff's initiative that the par H y was formed. He said: "Our party has been formed to cup- Port the republic, to further demo l cratic reforms on a Soclallstiocconom- t ic basis and to furnish a rallying point Jor the middle classes, and kept them J from falling Into the power of the re- actionarieo. The party will naturally oppose Bolshevism with all means at ' command. In order words ve aim "to win and hold the middle class for democracy." rnHerr Wo,ff exP'ancd that all former 'I "jembers of the former Progressive or I i if" part,eB who have been active In I 'militaristic and nationalistic agitations k r Who have actively advocated the I submarine campaign, have beeri flatly ;j informed that, while they cannot be cx- 4 eluded from the party If they desire to join, thoy will nevertheless be rig orously excluded from any partlcipa tion In its leadership. j "The 'party's membership is already colossal," said Herr Wolff, "and thou sands of accessions arc coming in daily. Virtually all the progressive party membership except a few on the extreme right will Join and many prominent Democrats vho formerly stood so far to the left that they were kept out of party councils. These in clude mwi like Hugo Preuss, Ger many's foremost authority on consti tutional law, vho Is now drafting a constitution for submission to the na tional assembly, Professor Walther Schuecklng, of Marburg university, Professor Gerlach, D.eputy Fishbeck and Professor Max Weber. The left wing of the National-LTb-eralo is also furnishing recruits, ac cording to Herr Wolff. Herr Wolff de clared that his party, next to the So icalists, was by far the strongest Int Army Reserve Stores ! Enough to Last People Until April. :N0T USED SINCE OCT. Solf Playing for World Sympathy by Urgent I?.--- Appeal... ' ZURICH, Switzerland, Nov. 30. Food conditions in Germany are by no means so critical and urgent as Dr. W. S. Solf, the German for eign minister, woidd lead the world to believe, according to in formation received here. Germany has food enough there to last until April if the army reserve stores are placed at the disposal of the people. Since October these re serves have not been touched. There should be no famine in Germany this winter, it is said, if strict rationing is enforced and stocks are methodically distrib uted. STRASSBURG, Wednesday, Nov. 27. Several hundred thousand Germans In Alsace and Lorraine have begun to experience suffering which equals, if It does not exceed, that which the Germans have Inflicted upon the na tives during the past forty-eight years. A great many of them who are holding public offices find their occu pations suddenly withdrawn. Many others who were employes of the pub flc administrations are living in daily fear of the necessity of leaving the, country. i In addition to these apprehensions, j the Germans feel real anguish at the idea of leaving Alsace and Lorraine. They now strongly prefer the two j provinces to Germany. They have ceased to be German but still have not become Alsatians, They have not acquired French culture because they have lacked the necessary social con tact with the natives but they have forgotten some of their German Ideas and have grown to highly regard Al sace and Lorraine and arc solicitous for the future. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY OF OCCUPATION. Friday, Nov, 29. (By The Associated Press) An American who has just returned from a trip which extended as far as Frankfort, Germany, says that the withdrawal of the Gorman troops Is being conducted in a most orderly manner everywhere, despite reports to the contrary. This man Is familiar with military matters generally. Another American who has returned from Germany says that on Wednes day he passed German troops all day. The columns, he says, Avere in perfect order and there was the usual num ber of officers with the men. He be lieves that reports that the Germans are disorganized arc based on a fow isolated cases. FORMER UTAH MAN IS KILLED IN MINE COALVILLE, Nov. 129 Word was received In Coalvillo today or the ac cidental death at Cumberland, Wyo., of John M. Faddls, superintendent of the U. P. coal mine at that place. Mr. Faddls met death by being crushed by a runaway car in one of the stones of the mine. the empire. It will favor tho Soclali zation of certain Industries such a6 mines and will demand that great es tates be divided for settlement on re turning soldiers. It holds, however, that private property shall not be .ouched without compensatoin. r I Germans Adopt Inhuman Acts to Bring Death i to Prisoners. j MURDER AND ROB Only Red Cross Kept Americans From Starv- gto Death I I LONDON. Nov. 29. Eight American j former prisoners of war, the first men j of this class to reach London, arrived 'hero this morning. Thoy are Corporal, Thomas Barry, Frank Butler and Cor-! , poral John Bathgate, all of New Ha ;ven; "William Lilly of Southington. ' Conn., Corporal Lech Whitehead or (Jeffroy, Ky.. William O'Sullivan of I Forestville, Conn., James Epltochelle I of North Providence. R. I., and Cor I poral Leroy Congleton of Philadelphia. ! All, the men are in good condition. I All tho men are members of th- 102nd infantry. They were captured I in April. Congleton was Injured in I the shoulder, Bar In the knee and Lilly I in the eye. All three men were placed ; in various hospitals but later Joined J the other prisoners who wero taken first to Conflans for a week then to DarmsUdt for five weeks, to Limburg for three months anil thou to the Op laden work camp. Thoy were attach ed to the Friedrichsflcld camp until their release November 15. All the men said they had been forc ed to work hard and were given in sufficient food. They would have starved had it not been for tho Amer ican Red Cross packagqs which were 'received at long intervals. English J prisoners tried to aid them, but the , Germans' prevented this, i The men said they were supposed ! to get American Fed Cross packages weekly but they were lucky if the Germans permitted this monthly. Even ' I tho packages received, especially of1 snnn wore lnntprl nrrnrtWntr tn lhr nris- I , ! pnors. Their treatment was varied in the different camps. In Darmstadt they endured civilian insults. While work ing on the roads they ofton were spat jupou. After the armistice was sign- ed guards and civilians "got down on I their knees to us" they said. Limburg was called tho "mystery camp" owing to tho numerous disap pearances of prisoners, tho fato of whom was never revoaled.. Tho Americans everywhere observ ed a scarcity of men for onerous work, women doing the tasks in lumber yards and on the railroads with picks land shovels and unloading coal. Lilly j rsaid the women and men looked alike; and as far as the girls were concorned.) "you would not know they woro girls." I At Opladen the women workers' , pushed freight cars at six cents a day,' I said Lilly. He added that thirty1 American prisoners wore shipped to aj coal mine. Hero it was reported that a corporal named Luclen whose regi ment is unknown, refused to enter the pit. German guards pushed him over tho brink and ho was killed by tho fall. He was burled the next day. The American prisoners exporienc jed considerable Illness. Several of them, suffered from influenza. The men wero permitted to write two let ters or four postal cards monthly but were allowed to receive only two. j Four days after the armistice the men wero taken to Frlodrlcksfiold and then to Hod, whenco they sailed from Rotterdam on the 13th. Thoy arrived at RIpon, England, November 24 Ex-! cept for an average loss In weight of ten pounds each all the mon woro in good health and spirits. They will be sent to camp at Winchester. vi PROVO, Nov. 29 Oscar M. Pedor sen of tho Bonneville ward die last night from an affootion of the heart, with which ho had suffered for several years. I y PARIS, Thursday, Nov. 28. (Hav as) Following the dinner given at the Elysee palace today in honor of King George a reception was held at the ! British embassy. During the recep- tion King George bestowed upon Mar shal Foch the Order or fMcr;t. Mar , shal Foch Is the only French holder of this decoration. In bestowing it, King George said: WASHINGTON, Nov. 30 general Pershing has designated for early con voy to tho- United Statos a lotalof 3,451 officers nd 79.G63 men, Gen eral March announced today. , Tho units comprising these mon will be mado public later. In the list uppear as entire divisions tho 39th, the 76th and the 87th. The other troops comprise artillery units and army corps troops. Genoral March gave out amended casualty reports from General Persh ing, giving tho official total to Novem ber 2G as 262,723, exclusive of pris oners. The figures on prisoners were unintelligible in the cablegram, Gen eral March said tho total under this head probably would be practically tho same as announced Saturday. General Pershing reported the fol lowing official casualties to November 26: Killed in action 2S.363. Died of wounds 12,101. Died of disease 16,03-1. Died of other causes I.9S0. Missing in action 14,290. Prisoners (unintelligible.) Wounded, 1S9,956. divided as fol lows: Severely wounded 54,751; undeter mined 43,168; slightly 92,036. The war departmont expects to bring back home In tho moritb of December i between 150,000 and 175",000 men, Gen eral March said. To accomplish this, It will UBe in addition 'to army trans ports and converted cargo boats, enough old battleships and cruisers to "I am happy to give the highest dls- l tinction of which I can dispose to thcj eminent soldier who has conducted; the Allied armies to victory." The British Order of Merit was in stituted by King Edward Seventh, June 6, 1902. it is very exclusive, but carries with it no special title or per sonal precedence. I furnish an additional carrying capacity for 25,000 men. Shipping experts ex-1 ports expect to ' transport 300.000 monthly when - the demobilization is under full speed. i Tho total number of troops already i designated for early discharge in the United States was given as 049,000.' These include depot and development battalions 2G.000; divisional troops 10,000; railway troops 2S.000; United States guards 26.000; tank corps 7,000; chemical warfare troops 7,000; central officers training schools 20.000; stu dont army training corps 160,000. To date 46,478 men have been mus tered out of tho camps in this coun try The schedule under which the department is working calls for tho release of an average of 1,000 men per camp per day, and General March said that every effort Avould be made to maintain the average. Revised -army estimates for the coming year resulted in cutting the $19,000,000,000 of army appropriations to lass than three billions, General March '.nnouncod. Genoral Pershing has been directed by President Wilson to confer the Distinguished Service medal on Gen eral Bliss, Lieutenant-Gonerals Lig gett and Bullard, and Major-Generals Dlckman, McAndrows and Harboard. General March corrected an erron eous Impression that the 27th and 30th divisions, reported as withdrawn from the British lines, had been designated for early return to the United States. Thcso two divisions, he explained, have been returned to Pershing's i command and have not yet been as signed for transportation home. Plans for bringing soldiers home, it was announced, include the use of hos pital ships for severely wounded and specially fitted transports for the! slightly, wounded and convalescents, i On tho arrival the mon will be met by j hospital trains and the Pullman com pany has been directed to convert a ! number 'of sleepers into hospital ears to carry them to the army reconstruc tion hospitals, base hospitals and other places already provided. rr HEBER D. WELLS IS INFLUENZA VICTIM SALT LAKE. Nov. 30. Heber D. Wells, 32 years old, son of former Gov ernor H.ober M. Wells, died yesterday morning from Influenza. He had been an invalid nearly all his llfo. and in ills weakened condition was not strong enough to withstand the attack of the dread disease. s President, Lansing 1 White, House and Bliss i to Represent U. S. Jj INCREASE NUMBER 1 General Bliss Will Act P for Military at the I Conference. 1 WASHINGTON. Nov. 29 The rep- gill resentatives of the United States au Mil the peace conferences will be: Ira President Wilson. H Robert Lansing, secretary of stato. H9 Henry White, former ambassador to In France and Italy. H E. M. House. Ill General Tasker H. Bliss, represcn- I tative of the American array with the H supreme Avar council at Versailles. Jl This announcement was mado to- B night at the White House. In tho ab- I i sence of any official explanation it was H assumed that the president goes as prcsfdent of tho United States and that Secretary Lansing, Mr. White and HR Colonel House and possibly also Gen- oral Bliss will be delegates with am- H bassadorial rank. H It was recalled that the president's IH announcement that he would go to IH France" for the purpose of taking part mm in the discussion and settlement of IH the main features of the treaty oi II peace" said that it was not likoly that I I he could remain throughout the ses sion of the peace conference and that llfl he would be "accompanied by dele- Ifl gates who will sit as the representa- I ft lives of the United States throughout B I the conference." H I' The White House announcement i follows: fill "It was announced at the executive m offices tonight that the representatives tt of the United States at the peace con- ffi forcuce would be: The president him- self, the secretary of state, the Hon. w Henry White, recently ambassador to m France, Mr. Edward M. House and. IliJ General Tasker H. Bliss. Wm "It was explained that it had not been tUB possible to announce those appoint- 111 ments before because the number of am representatives each of the chief bel- If HI ligerents was to send had until a day fl or two ago been under discussion." Im White House officials would add IN nothing to the formal statoment and no one professing to be in the confi- Rn denco of the president would talk. ufl There was only one surprise In the Wi statement the appearance of the jjjjl name of General Bliss as one of the MI representatives of the United States n on the supreme' war council would tnke fljjJ part in the discussions ul Versailles, fj but tho general idea had been h6 would ill be attached to the delegation in a mill- f tary capacity just as Admiral Benson y probably will be present as spokesman W I for the navy in the great naval prob- H lems to bo solved. jja Only yesterday callers at the White iw House gained the distinct impression m that thero would be but .three accrcd- HI ited delegates of full rank. It was m suggested tonight that the name of ffw General Bliss probably was added ai jjf the last moment upon receipt of In- m formation that the allied powers would Ll include a military man among their lijl ; representation. ijfl Tho premiers of Great Britain. jjfl ,' France and Italy arp expected to at- M j tend the peace conference as repre- uK sentatives of t heir governments bur gjg like the president, may not romaln Hon throughout the conferences. The gen- n eral understanding here Is that pres- MR! ent plans are to have the conference V first, agree to the broad principles of the treaty and leave the working out of details to further sittings. This would enable the president and mi J tho entente premiers speedily to re- turn to the capitals of their respec- kjjfiV tlve countries so ns to give their per- JR (Continued on Page 4.) ' 'iil.