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THE OGDEN STANDARD: OGDEN. UTAH, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 25, 1917.
I Site QDofott gfrstnftarft Member of the A.ud!t Borean of Circulation and the Aasoetated Pr . The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news credited to it not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news Dub'.Ished herein. I FOURTH OF JULY OF 1919. Ocrden is to observe the Fourth of July. Opden never should neg lect to celebrate that day. These fixed celebrations around which axe woven the inspirations of our national life, should be as dear to I us as are the feast days to those devoted to religious ceremonies. The Fourth of July marks the beginning of our existence as a nation. More than that it stands today as the date on which the world turned from lords and masters to self-governme.nl When the Declaration of Independence was signed, the foundation I was laid for tremendous events on this continent to be followed by a toppling of nearlv all the royal houses in Europe. The guide of the uorld today is America. We searccly realize how great has been the influence of this republic. First, monarchies dis appeared from the western continent. Now they are being driven out of the old world. In celebrating the Fourth of July we have a right to review the j course of events from 1776 to this time.and trace that radical, ldealis ; tie act of our forefathers, which has so impressed humanity as to turn ca en imperialistic Germany into a republic. On the Fourth of July, in rhe years gone by, our orators have dwelt on the unconquerable spirit of America. Those words of praise I have developed a pride in country and in personal performance that is today one of our greatest assets in war. Tt is related that in the I war zone in France our troops were looked upon as reckless in their disregard of danger. The boys went into the struggle filled with the thought that Americans could not be defeated and their courage was a might factor in sustaining the morale of the allies. We must keep up this confidence in our youth, and the way to do so is to continue to proclaim our irtues on our natal day. I We must, stop long enough from daily toil to gi- emphasis to our I national spirit and to teach our young people to continue to believe in America as the most blessed of all lands The country towns of Weber county are making preparations to celebrate this Fourth and now 0?den is to round nut the patriotic demonstration by givm? three days to the memorable event A NEAR VIEW OF WAR. War is brutalizing, which goes without saying But how deep are the passion of hatred and revenge aroused no one who has not been under the terrible Strain seems capable of reahang. Here is a first-handed account of wha sometimes occurs, ami it illustrates the point : An Ogden soldier Mas with the Canadians when his platoon com mander received word that his brother, further up the line near Kem mel Hill, had been killed. The brothers had been closely held by the ties of affection and admiration and the shocking news sunk deep into the heart of the Canadian officer. He became irreconcil able and moody Then he made this resolve: "Boys, when we go over the top apam, I hae sworn to have ven geance !" Next day came the opportunity The Canadians rapidly gained ground and the platoon moved upon a dugout. Shouting down, the officer of the platoon commanded : "Come out, you devils' Come out'" Then turning to his men, he said "Stand back! This is my du of appealing wrath' This is my hour of supreme revenge! This is my butchery!" With hands up. appeared Hun No. I. He appealed as "Kamerad" once. Then, before he could repeat, he fell, his face plowing into the dust. Not a quiver, not a move. Death reigned! Then followed Hun No. 2. .When the slaughter ended, nineteen men had been shot by this frantic man. Does war brutalize" Is there a need for an instrument to put a stop to such scenes? I GET THE LEADERS OF FRIGHTFULNESS. Nothing so stings the Prussian military man as the provision in the peace treaty requiring the German government to yield up the kaiser and those in authority guilty of violating the rules of war and moral rights of humanity. Even now that the national assembly at Weimar has voted to sign which is an act obligating Germany to carry out the terms of peace, the military leaders are saing: "You shall not have our kaiser. We shall protect Hindenburg and Ludendorff. " To inake good, those unrelenting dogs of war have resolved to organize secretly and, we presume fight, as would a guerrilla band, to save its chief. A special dispatch from Weimar, describing the excitement at headquarters when the decision to sign was reached, says: A manifesto spread broadcast today by the military leaders declares the" will go to Holland to protect the ex-monarch. "When we arrive at the frontier, we will find a way across,' says the document. "We cannot protect the kaiser with our bodies, but rely on the generosity of the Dutch." Rapidly the old monarchical spirit, coupled with pity for the former emperor, is spreading through sections of the population which had laconically accepted the republican order but had been waiting only for a spark of inspiration to revivify their in born love and loyalty to the self-exiled former monarch. The Kreuzzeitung proposes a heroic sacrifice: All those who were officers in the army in 1914, says the paper, should notify President Ebert that they are ready to accept whatever penalty the allies may impose upon the ex-kaiser. Meanwhile, the officers' association has sent a request to the government of Holland not to deliver William Hohenzollem. The allies should be prepared to handle the defiant militarists of Germany with vigor. Of all the offenders against civilization, the worst were Ludendorff and Hindenburg. who sanctioned the horrors of Belgium and northern France. They should be placed against a stone wall, facing a firing squad. Instead of inflicting extreme dis tress on the homes of Germany, those guilty of outrages should be dealt with. One reason heavy penalties are being inflicted on the masses is to guard against, a repetition of the awful disaster of the past five years, It the militarists were disposed of, Germany would take its place immediately with the peace-loving people of alf nations I AMERICA LEADS THE WORLD. There was a time when England was the steel and iron master of the world. But that enviable position is now occupied by the United States. It is over twenty years since the great steel mills of this country went out to bid for the trade of the world and succeeded in placing American rails in India, one of Great Britain's colonial possessions, in Japan and elsewhere. At the time there were men going about the country preaching the gospel of isolation and sarin g it could not be done, that America could not compete with the pauper labor of Europe, but those preachers, who pictured a shrivelcd-up America, had too narrow a point of view. They did not know that American genius and skill and system, combined with inexhaustible natural resources, not only could meet the competition of foreign lands but could invade those markets and undersell the foreigner. This is being repeated today, although conditions are abnormal and a little later on America may not enjoy the great advantage now possessed by us. For years the manufacturers of the United States, in lines in which they have specialized and have shown deep interest, have undersold the world, except where they have met with unfair competition such as Germany, by secret governmental bounty and private conapiracv, employed prior to the war. The Liverpool Journal expresses alarm over the sweeping manner in which American manufacturers arc capturing trade and confesses that the prices offered are below the cost cf production in England Wc quote from the Journal as follows: The placing of an order for steel rails in the United States by the Birmingham corporation is only one, and perhaps the least striking, instance of the kind. France also requires rails, and recently offered contracts to English and American manufactur ers for 750,000 tons of them When the English manufacturers got down to absolute bare, net cost, with no profit at all, they were still 30s per ton outside the price quoted by the American manufacturers. Orders for the first 500,000 tons have already gone to the United States. The remaining 250. 000 tons were held 1 over for English manufacturers, but. the latter could make no certain promise of delivery owing to threats of strikes, and if they have not already gone, they arc likely to follow the first '500000 tons to the United States. An order for about 375,000 for loeomotives was offered to the North British Locomotive com pany. This is also believed lost to the United States. It is com mon knowledge in the iron and steel and engineering industries that reconstruction orders for France and Belgium are going to the United States far more than are coming to this country, though British manufacturers want the work badly. This is all a wonderful story of American triumphs in industry and proves that well fed, well paid workmen, operating under the most favorable working conditions, enn produce more and better goods, j at less cost, than where labor is on a lower plane. FEDERAL RESERVE IS SAFETY VALVE. How great is the influence of the Federal reserve system on the busi ness and banking of the country is brought out by Henry Clews in a let ter to The Standard, in which he ' says: 'The stock market has not fully un derstood the peculiar new conditions to which it is subject under the Fed eral reserve system. There was a deficit of reserves at the close of last week and this deficit could most eas-j lly be made up by larger discounting at Federal reserve banks for the pur pose of establishing greater reserve credits on the books of the banks In spite of this call money promptlv bounded upward as in the old days when a deficit of reserves meant a necessary curtailment of loans. The fact is that the Federal reserve sys item could supply very much larger reserves through the rediscount pro cess, if it chose to do so. and the funds thus provided If once obtained by the member banks could be used in any way that (he banks might see fit whether for speculation or for ' some other purpose. The member I banks have rcdiseounted heavily on j the strength of liberty bonds and cer tificates of indebtedness as collateral, and it is in this way that a good deal of the recent upward movement in the stock market has been financed. But the warnings sent out by the Federal reserve board and its call for infornn tion as to the use of rediscount pro ceeds necessarily have caused some anxiety to bankers who were already carrying large lines and who would naturally hesitate to put themselves into any position that might Invoke legitimate criticism. The reserve sys tem has not functioned as It was ex pected to in this particular It has i reasons to show for its peculiar posi ! tion regarding speculation in that It had been called upon to finance the treasury so largely and at low and stable rates. Still the fact remains that it is the gTeat source of supply of funds, and that the policies that it may determine upon will in no small measure regulate those of the actual lending banks In short the money situation has as never before become the key tOitbe stock market oo TREACHERY OF GERMANS PROVED BY A JELEGR AM PARIS, June 2. (By the Associated Press) The Polish high command has forwarded to Premier Clemenceau a copy of a German official telegram, which it intercepted in Silesia, the text of which follows: "Posen, June 21 The government will sign (the peace treaty). Never theless Horsing in Silesia and Wig in western and eastern Prussia, will pro claim war against the Orient. The government officially will oppose, but BPmi -officially will support, the bus iness in every way." Horsing and Wig are the Prussian high commissioners in Silesia and Kast and West Prussia respectively. American Mlnirter Returns PARIS, June 24 High Gibson, the American minister to Poland, has re turned to Paris from Warsaw and to day conferred with the American peace delegates. oo Irish to Campaign In Canada and In Australia NEW YORK. June 25 The activl ties of the Irish in their campaign for independence will not be confined to the United States but will be extend ed to Canada and Ausralla, Eamonu de Valera, "president of the Irish Re public," announced here today. "We have sympathizers just aa strong in Australia and Canada as we have here in the United States and wo will float a portion of our loan in those two countries," he said. G ASTORIA For Infants and Children In Use For Over 30 Years Always bears -- 1 Signature of CLEMENCEAU IS CONGRATULATED BY CABINET PARIS, June 21 Premier Clemen eean was congratulated on the result of the peace negotiations b his fel low ministers at a meeting of ihe French cabinet today at which accept ance of the peace treaty by Germany was discussed. The cabinet also examined various political and parliamentary' questions involved in the reace settlement Rejoicing In Copenhagen. COPENHAGEN. June 24. There was a remarkable spontaneous out break in rejoicing when the news that Germany had decided to sign the peace treat) reached Copenhagen The mins i.t ih' Britllb and French warships in the roadstead in salvos announred lie news. The singing of the Marseillaise and other patriotic songs was to be henrd ! everywhere. French and British ail ors marched to the national Danish conument commemorating the w;ir of 1864 and decorated it with flowers. The populace wildly cheered the al lies who had won Schleswig again for l)nmark. The ( openhagen news papers today print enthusiastic editori al articles. Signers Hard to Find. WEIMAR. June 24. (By The A-o-ciated Press.) The plenipotentiaries who will sign the peace treaty for Germany have not yet been chosen. It i- -till proving difficult to find men who are willing to affix their signa ture to a document which is to be gnch a momentus historical record. rw NOTICE. QUEEN ESTHER CHAPTER. 0. E. S. The special meetings of Queen Es Ither Chapter No. 4 O. E. S called for Friday, June 27th. has been postponed ; until after vacation by order of the Worthy Matron. L. L. Irwin. Secretary. 4677 PRIZE OFFERED FOR BEST PUN OF U. S. CONDUCT PHILADELPHIA, June 25 The es jsayist who advances th best plan for I the conduct of the congress and the president In our foreign relations "will jwin the Hpnrv M. Phillips prize of $2000 in gold. Announcement was made todav by the American Philosophical Socy j Promoting Useful Knowledge, that competing essays must be submlttea . before the end of next year. The subject Is: "The control of the foreign relations of the United States; the relative rights, duties and responsibilities of jthe president, of the senate and tho house, and the judiciary, in theory aud in practice " I Essays are to be submitted incog jnlto and may be written in any lang uage, but if they are not In English they must be accompanied by an Eng lish translation. oo Methodists Attend Funeral of Little Kensuke Ozaki COLUMBUS, O.. June 25. The old est Methodist bishop stationed In Japan, two Japanese Methodist min isters from Japan and the American superintendent of oriental mission, of tho Methodist Episcopal church todav took part. In funeral services held here for little Kensuke Ozaki, three-yoir-old son of Rev Kazau Ozaki of Oak land, Cal , who died from Injuries re eeived in a fall while attending the Methodist centenary celebration hare. Old familiar hymns were sung in 'Japanese without acoompanimen.. There were English and Japanese prayers and the sermon was in Japan ese. The burial was after the Japan ese custom, ach mourner scooping up a handful of earth and dropping it on the coffin The mother is ill in Oak land and has not been advised of her son's death. oo SWISS TO DEMOBILIZE. GENEVA, June 24 The fedrra! au thorities have' taken measures to de mobilize the Swiss army. ILi POLLY-ANN A fVvi EA III ' 5 H I Here s just the charmingly dainty garment you j I j have been looking for to wear under the corset. , I Hfflj ! i I f A new combination of vest and drawers with the N - W full skirt back that insures the same comfort and -y T - P freedom to both slim and stout figures as in men's A c0 Wfifjfr V athletic underwear. Be sure to see POLLY- ! I poe j I P jjl j ANNA. Note its individuality its dainty rib- j tfnl J I I I bon shoulder straps the hemstitched top and j gj JJ j I lit bottom, pearl buttons and careful tailoring j v Jiy throughout. A truly feminine garment made to j r ' " meet feminine needs. You will be delighted with prei POLLY-ANNA I your POLLY-ANNA. HiBJ j underwear! I pfgjr BURT'S 1 I I -.or 1 1 w Band Concert to Be Given in City Hall Park Arrangement? have been made for a series of band concerts by the O5 den Municipal band in the city hall I park, through the co-operation of the muMcal orpanizai ion, the Merehantfl of Ogden and by Ogden City. The con? certs will be from 6:45 o'clock to S.30, 1 c'clock every Wednesday evening, the first to be piveu tonight. A handst.ui'l will be built in the park by the cits The program of thi evening will be ns follows: March, "Royal Decree" W P. English Concert Walts La Srenafta-D'Arcy JutOPe "Some Band Rng" F. Jewell Popular Numbers Overture Princess of India K. L King. (a) "A Little Birch Canoe L S Roberts (b) 'The Booster Rag" M. L. Lake "The Lost Chord" , ... Sullivan . . . Concert solo by Otto Larsen. . . . Impresano March 1 Hugh -1 "Among the, Roses" (Summer Idvll) M. L. Lako "Star Spangled Banner." 00 OMAHA ASKS AID. OMAHA. June 25. The only new de elopment in the strike situation here this morning was an appeal by Mayor Smith, to the Douglas county chap ter of the American Legion, for aflsiat mre in maintaining law and order in 1 ase of a general sympathetic st 1 'ke, threatened to be called tomorrow by the central labor union A mass meet ing of the legion promised the mayor their support. I Walk-Over Boot Shop 3 Days Only THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY We place on sale approxi mately 1 49 pairs of women's and children's ODDS AND ENDS at Pair This is an opportunity no one can afford to overlook come early while sizes are good. 3 Days Only Walk-Over Bool Shop 2481 Wash. Ave. M BILLPDSTING CO. 10 REMOVE THE cjunroN signs In a communication received todav frum the Utah Billposting company, whose main offices are in Salt Lake City, it is stated that the company will arquiesre in the desires to have the signs removed and that it will remove the boards from the present locat;jns just as soon as help can be secured to have the work done. This word was gladly received by the various organizations and individuals who have for some time been con vinced of the fact that Ogden can. n, Oden'? most important attraction, should be kept free from commercia1 ism and maintained in all of its natural wildness and roughness. In making his decision, the Utah Billposting company will receive com mendation of he Ogden public aa In doing so it is giving up valuable Ign bbard locations in order that tho peo jple of Ogden might have their desires I with reference to their faorite play ground. This question is one that has been under discussion for some time, with a number of organizations going on I record against it, among them the ( den Publicity bureau, the Merchants of Ogden, the Women of American Patriots and the Federation of Wo ! men's Clubs. 00 Henry E. Owens r Found Wandering In the Foothills Henry E. Owens, who has been mis sing from his home. 229 Madison ave nue, since 9 o'clock last Saturday morning, was found about 8 o'clock last night wandering in the brush near the mouth of Strong's canyon, by M. Baker of the Clover Leaf dairy. Last evening when Mr. Baker went to the hills to get his cows he ran on to Owens aimlessly walking through the brush, apparently in a dazed con- jdition. In response to a question as to what he was doing, Owens replied, I "I am looking for my boy." Owens was taken to the Baker home, and there offered something to eat,: which he declined. He drank several J glasses of milk, however. He was then conveyed to his home. Scoutmaster Walter Wright and sev en boy scouts of Troop 3, scoured Strong's and Waterfall canyon yester- 1 day morning, spending six hours in thej hills without results. Reports have been received that Ow ens had been seen in the vicintty, whore he was found. VTV' Grass Valley Miners Reject Offer Made By Mine Operators GRASS VALLEY, Cal.. June 25 A I 1 proposal made today by the gold mine) operators offering the striking miners' a wage increase of ten per cent pay j ment of half the wages for time lost I during the strike, and the establish j ment of a free market was rejected by the men. They demand a straight' j increase of fifty cents a day. The mines are filling with water, 1 since the pump men were called off !a few days ago, and serious damage will be done unless the work of un watering is begun soon. Much of the I machinery in the lower workings has 1 been removed by the companies. More than a thousand men are affected by the strike, many of whom already have sought work elsewhere. rr NETHERLANDS TO FLOAT BONDS The HAGUE, Tuesday. June 24 On July 4 subscriptions will be received ! for The Netherlands and The Nether lands' Indies six per cent loan of 180,- 1 000,000 florin ($72,000,000.) The issue will be sold at par plus a premium of one half of one per cent. The bonds will be redeemable in forty years. BERRY CROP SOLD SALEM, Ore., June 24 About forty Loganberry growers who controF over 200 acres announced today the sale 'of their Joint crop to a fruit company 'at nine cents a pound The crowers are planning to make their pool per - : tmanenL j Traffic Rules at R the Congested 1 Corners of City J The city commissioners are now con sidering a plan to change traffls rv.lo for the city on account of tbe increar- A lng congestion of traffic at Twenty fifth street and Wahlngton aveDU, and also at the intersection of the ave nue at Twenty-fourth street. Under present conditions autoino- a biles are required to wait at thte j ti .points whilp passengars are leaving H i and entering the cars, and is is hoped 1 some way will be found to relieve the jeutos be allowed to proceed as . .on r 'as the passengers are all safely wit'oin t1 jthe safety zone area. The present sy 1 I item is bplieved to be dangerous 10 lives of citizens and to be growing more dangerous as the traffic in creases, the Twenty-fifth street hill adding somewhat to this element. x ATTENTION GIRLS Why look for a new job all the time? In a few weeks you can learn a "Trade" that will employ you permanently, the year round; short hours, satis- JjJ factory conditions, and WE PAY YOU WHILE YOU LEARN. Apply John Scow croft & Sons Co., Mfg. De partment. 4466 Woman Falls on m Stove and Is I Picked Up Dead 4j BRIGHAM CITY, June 24. Word reached the city today of the sudden death of Mrs. Lucy E Phillips of Port age yesterday at her home there. Ac cording to the information. Mrs Phil lips had just returned from a pleasure trip to Logan canyon, where she had ! spent a week, accompanied by her -son, ! Clarence About 7 o'clock in the evening sn went to the son's home to learn the time. She immediately returned to her home and is supposed to have i limbed upon the table to set the clock, which had run down during her ab sence While attempting to accom plish this act she Is though Xo bav fallen and struck her head squarely upon the kitchen stove. One of her sons was working out in the garden. y and, hearing the fall, rushed to the house and found his mother lying on the floor dead. Mrs. Phillips was a daughter of Mr. and Mrs Robert H Eagles, and wa born In Kaysville June 17, 1852. Sh leaves two sons, two daughters, f."ur brothers and three sisters. The world may exist or it may get sick aa second- I class food, trot it cannot H get well on second-class H drugs. jj Drugs exist only because H of deepest human need. I Like food, they answer to jj I the first law of Nature H self-preservation. Quality the vital funda ment of drugs is the jj foundation of the world's I largest drag house the Meyer Br of hers Drug fj Company. LAeyer Certified PiuductB on tic H drrap3' re the proof jj Q MeyerBrotHers Dj ug Oo. 1 - St. Lmnim ! " fj J 77m lTft ZVvy Hmmt In I km WmrU Jj