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. NEW YORK Copper strong; electrolytic, spot 21c; H j 3 R7 V 1 1 1 1 I B 11 il I I if 1 !; ! Weather mdications for Ogden and vlcin.ty: K . "sj " j FEARLESS 4 INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER ' J I ' Forty-n.nth Year-No. 168. Prce Fve cents. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 15, 1919. LAST EDITION -3:30 P. m7 p Ek 'eh House ? of U.S. Congress in I Throes of Bitter Debate Over I I Treaty and Wartime Prohibition I BITTER FIGHT : IS ON u t. 1 Prohibition Enforcement B Measure Only Busi- ness in House j CHANGES DEFEATED Many Amendments Ruled Out and Repeal Overwhelmingly Lost. WASHINGTON, July 15 With indi cations there- would he no let up in j ihr bitter fight which several times yesterday reached such a stage that I proceedings were conducted in con )rohibition enforcement measure de bate was expected to be the only bus iness in the house today Every attempt so far to have the measure as reported from eommittee amended has met with defeat except in two instances which had no Import ant bearing Amendments voted down yesterday included that permit tint the wmAi sale of two and three-quarters per cent beer, another leaving to the couris in stead of congress to decide what con stitutes an intoxicating be erase and still another permitting the manufac- M turc of light wines, which was di sicrn ed to protect California grape growers. Numerous amendments were ruled out under points of order and a straight out motion to repeal ihe war time act was defeated overwhelmingly PRESIDENT IS CRITICISED. WASHINGTON, July 14 There n ere many references to President Wilson during Ihe house prohibit Ion debate, ;md several speakers r ad 'hat section of his message recommending repeal of the wartime law so f.ir ;is it related to the manufacture and bale of t x light wines and beer. In lifting his voice for two and three quarters per cent beer Representative Rainey, Democrat, of Illinois, declared ihese were uncertain times, that the people were in a peculiar frame of mind, and that, poverty was causing more misery than alcohol. He brought a volley of applause from ihe "wets" when ho expressed the hope that the president would veto the enforcement bill because of its drastic provisions. Feeling Runs High. The feeling between the factions got SO bitter at times that the usual cour tesy of permitting a member to revise and extend his remarks was denied. Prohibition members objected when Representative Reber, Republican, Pennsylvania, who had made a strong plea for beer, wanted to add something he wa.c denrivert nf cavinrr ir vi Umi ed allotment of time. Mr. Reber had intimated In his speech that some members were not altogether truthful as to thetr drinking habits, declaring that so far as 2 per cent beer waa concerned, he had taken two drinks of it, handrunning, and it had no more effect than so much water. He added that he never drank a gallon of beer in his life, and simply took this much the other day to see if it would make him drunk. Emphatic appeals for modifications of the bill's drastic provisions were made by Representatives Iyer. Igoe and Card, Democrat, of hio. all mem bers of the judiciary committee. Mr. Igoe declared the situation was the most unusual ever presented to the house All other wartime legislation, he said, had been repealed, or had -1'ired, without attempt to extend Lt, yet congress was attempting to assert that the war still existed so far sb the sale " liquor was concerned Blmilar ar gument was advanced by Mr. Gard Chair Unable to Keep Order. The chair was unable at times dur Ing t'-e speepn of Mr. Gallivan to pre serve a semblance of order, and the galleries joined in the uproar. Stand ing in the center aisle, the Massachu setts member waived his arms like a baoba!l pitcher warming up for a i . - game, and r.houtcd: "There are members who are not a? 'dry' as th It statt own a on this floor tfnlght indicate and in their homes Is IjlfES I Death Dealing Hurricane ! Sweeps Port of . Valparaiso. 87 KNOWN DEAD One Hundred Fourteen Craft Sunk and Destroyed. ! VALPARAISO, Chile, July 15. I Eighty-seven persons are known to have been drowned, and Ihe loss of j life may haveben much greater, in' hurricane which swept this port Sat urdav and Sunday. Fourteen vessels of various sues were sunk and about a hundred light ers and other small craft were de Btroyed. The property loss is estimat ed at v20n.000.00ft Among the steamers lost was the Don Carlos, l.lll net tonnage. The German steamer Saias, which was washed ashore and pounded to pieces, lost ten of its crew. Seven other vessels, including the steamer Tanls of 6,000 tons, were re ported lost in dispatches receivJ Saturday and yesterday. oo GEN, PERSHING IS IN10ND0N American Commander and Staff Warmly Welcomed at Peace Day Celebration. LONDON, July IT.. General John J Pershing, commander of the American forces in France, arrived here with his staff this forenoon to take p.irt in the peace celebration. He was met ,,i Dover by General Sir Henry s Home and a guard of honor. Arriving at Victoria station, General Pershing was welcomed by Colonel Winston Spencer Churchill, secretary ol -iite for war, and officers repre senting Field Marsha llaig and Sir Henry H. Wilson . chief of the imperial staff. After an inspection of the guard of honor, the party drove to the Carlton hotel, being warmly cheered by the crowds along the route which is already gay with decorations for the celebration of peace day liquor enough to last them twent years." Instantly the house set up a cry, ' "name them, name them." "If they weren't, such good fellows I surely would," Mr Gallivan replied , "There was so much confusion at ' this point that the house adjourned just after reaching section 2 of part 1 of the three-part bill. There are in all sixty-four sections, only one of which ; wae passed today, which gives some in- ' dication as to how much time may be' required to get through with all. Speaker Makes Ruling WASHINGTON, July 15 Before the i prohibition ehforci men! bill was takrn up in the house today. Speaker Glllett ruled that Representative Gallivan. Democrat, Massachusetts, in declaring in an address yesterday l hat he had heard members ol congress had -lore.! away enough whiskey to last them) twenty years had not transgressed Tilt - ol the house Representative Blanton. Democrat Ol Texas, attacked the speech of the Massachusetts members and on a question of personal privilege was pro ceeding With the defense of prohibition members against the charge of liquor hoarding when the speaker cut him short by announcing that Mr. Galli van's speech was in order. Mr. Blan ton then tried to offer a motion to have the speech stricken from ihe re Icord but there was objection. He Is the new United State enator from Colorado He sue eods Sci :tor John F Shafroth ELECTRIC ROADS' HEAVYBURDEN Cannot Give Service Expected Under Revenue They Are Now Receiving. WASHINGTON. July 15- Under ex-1 isting conditions and with reenue they are now receiving the electric! railways cannot continue to perform the function expected of them, John H I Pardee, president of the American j Electric Railway association, today1 I told the federal electric railways com mission The commission was ap pointed by Presidt m Wilson to inves tigate the local transportation situa tion throughout the country "It is no longer a question of what return shall be allowed to the owners of the railways." Mr. Pardee said, "it is a question as to what service, if any, shall be rendered to the public." Asserting it was not the purpose of the railway representatives to "make a case" before the commission. Mr. Pardee said they appeared to give the facts in the situation in the hope a I i solution might be tound satisfactory to! the public, employes and owners alike, (interested as they all were in main taining good service al reasonable cost. "Owing to the complete system of control and regulation over the I nited Stales by the public authorities which i both prescribe our Bervice and control! our rates, we are unable to readjust I ourselves to changing conditions as! every other industry, not so hampered,' lis readjusting itself." I Outstanding phases of the situation drmanding attention, he continued, are "the absolutely uneconomic and un satisfactory" restrictions heaped upon ; the railways by the public commis sions and war time conditions In cluded in the war time restrictions to which the companies readily consent ed wen- the raising of employ ' wage. as much as 100 per cent, the (uutrol I of the price and delivery of coal, the i fixing of prices 'of other commodities (and in many cases, the prescribing of I service to be given Santa Malta Arrives. NEW YORK, July 15. The trans port Santa Malta arrived today from i Bordeaux with 1694 troops, including (detachments of the 237th military po-, lite company, headquarters company of the 121st engineers; 459th. 460th Irnd G90th motor transport companies, C12th repair unit and casuals. MINE SWEEPER SUNK. f WASHINGTON, July 15. One 4- officer and six enlisted men were killed in the destruction of the American mine sweeper Richard - li Buckley by the explosion of a 4 mine in the North sea July 12. 4 Two other officer.-, were injured. Two officers and sixteen en- -f i Listed men were rescued. The Buckley was engaged with I other mine BWeepers in removing 4H the North sea mine barrage, when a mine became entangled in the 4 BWeeping 'able and exploded dl rectly under the ship's stern -f - The trawler sank in six minutes before other vessels of the fleet could reach her. -4- Commander Frank A. King re- 4- mained on the bridge directing -f the efforts to save the crew and 4 4 went down with his ship. The 4 4 remainder of the dead either 4 4 were killed by the explosion or 4 4 trapped below decks when the 4 4 vessel sank. 4 4 44444444444444 4l Be Japan Secretly Secured Treaty With Allies in 1917. ACT DISHONORABLE Pressure to Obtain Shan tung Transfer Ex plained by Pledges. WASHINGTON. July 1 5 A charge that Japan secretly secured pledget from Groat Britain, Frfmce, Italy ari Russia early in 1917 that in the peat settlement Shantung peninsula should. for certain considerations, be turned over to the Tokio government was made in the senate today by Senator Norris, Republican, of Nebraska, who produced what he declared to be copies j of diplomatic correspondence embody-; ing the promises of Great Britain and France. These pledges, the Nebraska senator said, fully explained ihe pressure j which resulted in Shantung's transfer to Japan under the Versailles treaty, whose ratification by the senate, he asserted, would write "the blackest page in the nation's history " i Pressuf-c Brought to Bear. Great Britain's influence n the mat ter, he charged, was secured by Ja pan's -MipiKirt of British claims to Pa ! cific islands south of the equator,' while France's aid was purchased by a promise of the Tokio government to help draw China into the war so thdt German ships in rhinese harbors would be available for carrying troops and provisions to France. "On the 27th day of January'. 1917." said Senator Norris, 'the Japanese minister of foreign affairs at Tokio, ;ppnached the British ambassador lo cated at that place with a view of bringing abont an agreement with the British government. The British min-j ister cabled to his govi rnment at Lon-: don and lifter receiving instructions from his government, wrote the Jap anese government as follows: British Ambassador's Letter. " 'British embassy, Tokio, Februar 16. 1917. "'My dear excellency: "'With reference to the subject of our conversation of the 27th ultimo his Britannic majesty's gov ernment accedes with pleasure to th, request of the Japanese government for an assurance thai LhOj Will sup-1 port Japan's claims in regard to the disposal of Germany's rights in Shan lung and possessions in the islands north of the enuator on the occasion of the peace conference; lt being un derstood that the Japanese govern ment will in the eventual peace set tlement treat in the same .spirit Great Britain's claims to the German islands south of the equator. " 'I avail myself of this opportunity. M Lo Ministre to renew to Your Ex cellencv the assurance of my highest consideration. (Signed) " 'CONYINGHAM GREENE. "'His Brittanic Majesty's Ambas sador.' Japanese Send Reply. On the 21st. day of February. 1917.; the Japanese government replied to this communication of the British gov-1 trnmeiit as follows (omitting formal I part) " The Japanese government Is deep- j ly appreciative of the friendly spirit' in which your government has given assurance and is happy to note it as fresh proof of the close ties that unite the two allied powers. I lake pleas ure in stating that the Japanese gov ernment on Hs part, is fully prepared to support in the same spirit the claims which may be put forward at the peace conference in regard to the German possessions in the islands south of the equator, "While the Japanese government was waiting for a reply from the Bri tish government it proceeded also to negotiate with the other allied gov ernments. Its message to the French ambassador at Tokio wa-1 signed by HE LL EXPLORE ASIA vS vl o Hedln rs to lead another expe dition into Central Asia, where hi has made notable discoveries. Funds are provided by the Swed ish government. Transhimalaya nDd Tibet and the wild mountain regions beyond are his objective. the Japanese foreign minister and was as follows " 'The imperial Japanese government proposes to demand from Ger I many at the time of the peace nego tiations the surrender of the territor ial rights and special interests Ger , many possessed before the war in Shantung and the islands situated ; north of the equator in the Pacific ocean. " 'The imperial Japanese government j confidently hopes government of the French government, realizing the j legitimacy of these demands, will give assurance that, her case being proved, ! Japan may count upon Its full support in this question. i " 'It goes without saying that rep aration for damages caused to the life 1 and property of the Japanese people , by the unjustifiable attacks of the ene my as well as other conditions of ! peace, of a character common to all the entente powers, ae entirely out I side the consideration of the present i situation." a tew aays uiei tne brencn am bassador replied to the Japanese for- I eign office as follows' " 'The government of the French re- j public Is disposed to give the Japanese; government its accord In regulatinv; at i the time of the peace negotiations questions vital to Japan concerning Shantung and the German islands in the Pacific north of the equator. H also agrees to support the demands of the imperial Japanese government for the surrend r of the rights Germany possessed before the war in this I :hi Dt province and these Islands. ' 'M Briand demands, on the other hand, that Japan give ils support to! obtain from China the breaking of its diplomatic relations with Germany and that it give this act desirable signifi cance. The consequences of this in china should be the following " 'First, handing passports to the: German diplomatic agents and con-' sula. " Second, the obligation of all un-! der German jurisdiction to leave Chi nese territory'. " Third, the internment of German mips m Chinese ports and the ulti mate requisition of thse ships In order to place them at the disposition of the ( allies following the example of Italy i and Portugal, According to the in- j tormation of the French government, there are fifteen German ships in Chi nes., ports totalling about 40,000 tons. "'Fourth, requisition of ;ermui commercial houses established In china forfeiting the right of Germany in the concessions she possesses in en tin parts of China ' Comply With Request "Upon receipt of this communication the foreign minister of Japan on br j half of Japan, promised compliance with ihe request of the French gov ernment contained in this letter. Simi lar negotiations were entered with I similar results with Italy, although the' negotiations with Italy took place in! Rome and not in Tokio Similar agreement also was made with Russia Dad II must be remembered that, at that time Russia was still in the war and it was anticipated that at the close Of the war she would have a place at the peace table. "It is thus clearly disclosed that while these leading governments of the world were inducing China to get into the war, in order that they might Secure her assistance and particularly that they might be able to get posses sion of the German ships itnerned in China's harbors, they were secretly plotting among themselves as to her destruction as soon as she had com plied with their wishes and the war vas over. In all the annals of history, I do not believe there is recorded an Instance of a more disgraceful and dis honorable agreement to carve up the U rrltory of an enemy, but of an allied friend. "And if we approve this wicked d'- t ree, is it any defense to say that Wei were the only member of the court j that was not bribed? If we ratify this treaty as it stands, we approve not only the judgment, but the reprehen sible method by which it was brought about. Should this treaty a.s it stands become operative and later the thirty millions of Chinese in Shantung should iebei against the rule of Japan and then if the balance of China should go io the assistance of their own brethern in attempting to overthrow' ihe unlawful and cruel rule of a for eign government, then under Section I SENATE MAKING QUERIES Foreign Relations Com ' mittee Wants All Avail I able Treaty Data. D E B A T EEXPECTED Hitchcock Asks All Fu ture Meetings Be Public. WASHINGTON. July 15 Issues of : the peace treaty fighcwere expected to result in iurther committee action land several hours of debate in the senate chamber todav. The foreign relations committee which reported three resolutions ask ing the president for information about the Versailles negotiations had before it today a proposal by Senator John son, Republican of California, to re- i quest all available data bearing upon the preparation of the treaty and par- 1 ticularly all proposed drafts of ihe league of nations. Another proposal considered 'certain to arouse considerable discussion in i the meeting was a motion by Senator Hitchcock, Nebraska, ranking Demo- I cratic member, that all luture com mittee meetings be open to the public. In the senate Chairman Lodge of the committee was prepared to cnM up for passage his resolution, reported j rday, asking the president for a copy of an alleged secret treat v nego tiated in 1918 between Japan and Germany. Senators Norris, Republi can, Nebraska, and Underwood. Dem ocrat, Alabama, also had announced that they probablj would speak at length during the day on other fea tures of ihe treaty fight. ITALY TO KEEP 1 ORDER IN FACE OF BIO STRIKE ROME. Monday. July 14 (By The Associated Press.) The Italian gov ernment. Premier Nlttl announced in the chamber of deputies today, has taken ample measures to preserve or-' Uir ill mc Ul i lie mi ri i ui i rut'iiii strike throughout the country Troops. he said, have been distributed every where in the country and they were provided with supplies for more than 4S hours in case they should bo cut off from the bases. There is no reason for a general strike in Italy, the premier continued. The government does not wish blood shed and will do its utmost to prevent it, Italy is one country where a general strike should not occur, Signor Nitti asserted; Bolshevism was an "Asiatic evil which could not spread to Italy.' 10 of the league of nations as it now stands, it would be our duty to con tribute American lives and American blood on the battlefield to assist Japan to retain her power. "This treaty should rro bacti. and I believe if the American people could h ue an opportunity to see all the vice that it contains and were able to ex press their patriotic sentiments, it would go back practically b a unani-i mous vote. When the honest citizens of GreAt Britain, of France and of! Italy realize the injustice that it con tains they will unite with us iu do-' mandlng that it be rejected." While declaring he favored the gen eral Idea of a league of nations, Sena tor Norris said he considered the Ver sailles covenant contained many Ob jectionable features and would Wlte lor changes in it .-, I WILSON I IS NOT I WANTED I Foreign Relations Com- H mittee Hostile to Con- I f erence Proposals. I WILL NOT CONFER I President Will Not Be I Asked to Discuss I With Them. WASHINGTON. July 13 Intima- f; lions that the senate foreign relation committee might not arrange for an ! 'early conference with President Wll- 1 ' c-An f A i on o ion if W r- rvrwsNrt t rAO r and the league of nations covenant led to the suggestion today that Mr. Wll- I son might begin his tour of the coun- try sooner than he had planned. j Fixing of the itinerary for "the swing around the circle' was under j Stood to have been delayed to await i completion of the committee's program t in order that there might be no con- jp flict. The committee met again to da) and, la; me aside temporarily the I question of asking for more informa- j Hon, began a reading of the official j text of the trcat submitted by the K H pre.-ident. Among administration senators the I impression prevailed 'hat the presi dent and tbe committee undoubtedly j would be brought together to discus ; j some features of the treaty. It was j expected, however that these meet- ings would be at the White House ra j th( r than at the capitol. i The foreign relation- committee lat- j er adopted a resolution requesting the president, if not incompatible with the j public interest, to furnish the com- 1 mittee viriualh all document consid j ered b the American peace commis ' sioners in their work on the treaty with Germany. It was said that the resolution of winch Senator Johnson, Republican, i alifornia, was the author was adopt- L ed bj vlrtuallj unanimous vote and J that action bv the senate was not con- sidered I' requests ihe president tp i1 submit drafts of all proposals for a J league of nations a: well as stenogra- jl phic transcripts of formal proceedings I Si the peace conference. Should ihe commltee decide not to invite the president to appear before it Mr. Wilson mishi begin his tour of the country earlier than he had plan- L ncd The general undemanding ha. I been thai the president was withhold- . ing decision regarding his itinerary and the dme rm- beginning his "swing I i punnH tli.-. rirrltj" until t h .- fnrt.i n . f lations' committee should decide whe- j ther It desired to discuss the treaty with him . In the beginning the reading of the I I treaty text today, the committee by jj (mutual consent between Republican and Democratic member? deferred 'consideration of the league of nations f- : covenant. Chairman Lodge read the t text and frequently was interrupted by I questions and discussions of arious If sections Members expected that the I i reading would require several days. jj iH WASHINGTON, July 15. Indie i I j tions that President Wilson would 001 I 'be asked to appear before the foreign k relations committee for discussion of jj, the peace treaty were said today to II have been received in administration Jl quarters. 1 High administration officials inti mated they had been informed by some I members of the committee that the jk majority of that body seemed hostilo !j (o suggestions that the president he I asked to appear, or that the commit tee confer as a body with bim at the Whlto House. 1 Strike Disorders I ROME, Monday. July 11 (By the I Associated Press) Strike disorder 6" occurred at various places in Italy to- h day At Lucera eight persons were I killed and thirty wounded. Near Ge- V noa two anarchists wen- killed in a P tight with carabiuleri.