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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, July 15, 1919, LAST EDITION - 3:30 P.M., Image 1

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. NEW YORK Copper strong; electrolytic, spot 21c; H j 3 R7 V 1 1 1 1 I B 11 il I I if 1 !; ! Weather mdications for Ogden and vlcin.ty: K .
I '
Forty-n.nth Year-No. 168. Prce Fve cents. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 15, 1919. LAST EDITION -3:30 P. m7 p
Ek 'eh House ? of U.S. Congress in I
Throes of Bitter Debate Over I
I Treaty and Wartime Prohibition I
t. 1
Prohibition Enforcement
B Measure Only Busi-
ness in House
Many Amendments
Ruled Out and Repeal
Overwhelmingly Lost.
WASHINGTON, July 15 With indi
cations there- would he no let up in j
ihr bitter fight which several times
yesterday reached such a stage that I
proceedings were conducted in con
)rohibition enforcement measure de
bate was expected to be the only bus
iness in the house today
Every attempt so far to have the
measure as reported from eommittee
amended has met with defeat except
in two instances which had no Import
ant bearing Amendments voted down
yesterday included that permit tint the
wmAi sale of two and three-quarters per cent
beer, another leaving to the couris in
stead of congress to decide what con
stitutes an intoxicating be erase and
still another permitting the manufac-
M turc of light wines, which was di sicrn
ed to protect California grape growers.
Numerous amendments were ruled out
under points of order and a straight
out motion to repeal ihe war time act
was defeated overwhelmingly
WASHINGTON, July 14 There
n ere many references to President
Wilson during Ihe house prohibit Ion
debate, ;md several speakers r ad 'hat
section of his message recommending
repeal of the wartime law so f.ir ;is it
related to the manufacture and bale of
t x light wines and beer.
In lifting his voice for two and three
quarters per cent beer Representative
Rainey, Democrat, of Illinois, declared
ihese were uncertain times, that the
people were in a peculiar frame of
mind, and that, poverty was causing
more misery than alcohol. He brought
a volley of applause from ihe "wets"
when ho expressed the hope that the
president would veto the enforcement
bill because of its drastic provisions.
Feeling Runs High.
The feeling between the factions got
SO bitter at times that the usual cour
tesy of permitting a member to revise
and extend his remarks was denied.
Prohibition members objected when
Representative Reber, Republican,
Pennsylvania, who had made a strong
plea for beer, wanted to add something
he wa.c denrivert nf cavinrr ir vi Umi
ed allotment of time. Mr. Reber had
intimated In his speech that some
members were not altogether truthful
as to thetr drinking habits, declaring
that so far as 2 per cent beer waa
concerned, he had taken two drinks
of it, handrunning, and it had no more
effect than so much water. He added
that he never drank a gallon of beer
in his life, and simply took this much
the other day to see if it would make
him drunk.
Emphatic appeals for modifications
of the bill's drastic provisions were
made by Representatives Iyer. Igoe
and Card, Democrat, of hio. all mem
bers of the judiciary committee. Mr.
Igoe declared the situation was the
most unusual ever presented to the
house All other wartime legislation,
he said, had been repealed, or had -1'ired,
without attempt to extend Lt, yet
congress was attempting to assert that
the war still existed so far sb the sale
" liquor was concerned Blmilar ar
gument was advanced by Mr. Gard
Chair Unable to Keep Order.
The chair was unable at times dur
Ing t'-e speepn of Mr. Gallivan to pre
serve a semblance of order, and the
galleries joined in the uproar. Stand
ing in the center aisle, the Massachu
setts member waived his arms like a
baoba!l pitcher warming up for a
i . - game, and r.houtcd:
"There are members who are not a?
'dry' as th It statt own a on this floor
tfnlght indicate and in their homes Is
Death Dealing Hurricane
! Sweeps Port of .
One Hundred Fourteen
Craft Sunk and
Destroyed. !
VALPARAISO, Chile, July 15. I
Eighty-seven persons are known to
have been drowned, and Ihe loss of j
life may haveben much greater, in'
hurricane which swept this port Sat
urdav and Sunday.
Fourteen vessels of various sues
were sunk and about a hundred light
ers and other small craft were de
Btroyed. The property loss is estimat
ed at v20n.000.00ft
Among the steamers lost was the
Don Carlos, l.lll net tonnage. The
German steamer Saias, which was
washed ashore and pounded to pieces,
lost ten of its crew.
Seven other vessels, including the
steamer Tanls of 6,000 tons, were re
ported lost in dispatches receivJ
Saturday and yesterday.
American Commander and
Staff Warmly Welcomed at
Peace Day Celebration.
LONDON, July IT.. General John J
Pershing, commander of the American
forces in France, arrived here with his
staff this forenoon to take p.irt in the
peace celebration. He was met ,,i
Dover by General Sir Henry s Home
and a guard of honor.
Arriving at Victoria station, General
Pershing was welcomed by Colonel
Winston Spencer Churchill, secretary
ol -iite for war, and officers repre
senting Field Marsha llaig and Sir
Henry H. Wilson . chief of the imperial
staff. After an inspection of the
guard of honor, the party drove to the
Carlton hotel, being warmly cheered
by the crowds along the route which
is already gay with decorations for
the celebration of peace day
liquor enough to last them twent
Instantly the house set up a cry, '
"name them, name them."
"If they weren't, such good fellows
I surely would," Mr Gallivan replied ,
"There was so much confusion at '
this point that the house adjourned
just after reaching section 2 of part 1
of the three-part bill. There are in all
sixty-four sections, only one of which ;
wae passed today, which gives some in- '
dication as to how much time may be'
required to get through with all.
Speaker Makes Ruling
WASHINGTON, July 15 Before the i
prohibition ehforci men! bill was takrn
up in the house today. Speaker Glllett
ruled that Representative Gallivan.
Democrat, Massachusetts, in declaring
in an address yesterday l hat he had
heard members ol congress had -lore.!
away enough whiskey to last them)
twenty years had not transgressed
Tilt - ol the house
Representative Blanton. Democrat
Ol Texas, attacked the speech of the
Massachusetts members and on a
question of personal privilege was pro
ceeding With the defense of prohibition
members against the charge of liquor
hoarding when the speaker cut him
short by announcing that Mr. Galli
van's speech was in order. Mr. Blan
ton then tried to offer a motion to
have the speech stricken from ihe re
Icord but there was objection.
He Is the new United State
enator from Colorado He sue
eods Sci :tor John F Shafroth
Cannot Give Service Expected
Under Revenue They Are
Now Receiving.
WASHINGTON. July 15- Under ex-1
isting conditions and with reenue
they are now receiving the electric!
railways cannot continue to perform
the function expected of them, John H I
Pardee, president of the American j
Electric Railway association, today1
I told the federal electric railways com
mission The commission was ap
pointed by Presidt m Wilson to inves
tigate the local transportation situa
tion throughout the country
"It is no longer a question of what
return shall be allowed to the owners
of the railways." Mr. Pardee said, "it
is a question as to what service, if
any, shall be rendered to the public."
Asserting it was not the purpose of
the railway representatives to "make
a case" before the commission. Mr.
Pardee said they appeared to give the
facts in the situation in the hope a I
i solution might be tound satisfactory to!
the public, employes and owners alike,
(interested as they all were in main
taining good service al reasonable
"Owing to the complete system of
control and regulation over the I nited
Stales by the public authorities which i
both prescribe our Bervice and control!
our rates, we are unable to readjust I
ourselves to changing conditions as!
every other industry, not so hampered,'
lis readjusting itself."
I Outstanding phases of the situation
drmanding attention, he continued, are
"the absolutely uneconomic and un
satisfactory" restrictions heaped upon
; the railways by the public commis
sions and war time conditions In
cluded in the war time restrictions to
which the companies readily consent
ed wen- the raising of employ ' wage.
as much as 100 per cent, the (uutrol
I of the price and delivery of coal, the
i fixing of prices 'of other commodities
(and in many cases, the prescribing of
I service to be given
Santa Malta Arrives.
NEW YORK, July 15. The trans
port Santa Malta arrived today from
i Bordeaux with 1694 troops, including
(detachments of the 237th military po-,
lite company, headquarters company
of the 121st engineers; 459th. 460th
Irnd G90th motor transport companies,
C12th repair unit and casuals.
f WASHINGTON, July 15. One
4- officer and six enlisted men were
killed in the destruction of the
American mine sweeper Richard -
li Buckley by the explosion of a 4
mine in the North sea July 12.
4 Two other officer.-, were injured.
Two officers and sixteen en- -f i
Listed men were rescued.
The Buckley was engaged with I
other mine BWeepers in removing 4H
the North sea mine barrage, when
a mine became entangled in the
4 BWeeping 'able and exploded dl
rectly under the ship's stern -f
- The trawler sank in six minutes
before other vessels of the fleet
could reach her. -4-
Commander Frank A. King re-
4- mained on the bridge directing
-f the efforts to save the crew and 4
4 went down with his ship. The 4
4 remainder of the dead either 4
4 were killed by the explosion or 4
4 trapped below decks when the 4
4 vessel sank. 4
44444444444444 4l
Japan Secretly Secured
Treaty With Allies
in 1917.
Pressure to Obtain Shan
tung Transfer Ex
plained by Pledges.
WASHINGTON. July 1 5 A charge
that Japan secretly secured pledget
from Groat Britain, Frfmce, Italy ari
Russia early in 1917 that in the peat
settlement Shantung peninsula should.
for certain considerations, be turned
over to the Tokio government was
made in the senate today by Senator
Norris, Republican, of Nebraska, who
produced what he declared to be copies j
of diplomatic correspondence embody-;
ing the promises of Great Britain and
These pledges, the Nebraska senator
said, fully explained ihe pressure j
which resulted in Shantung's transfer
to Japan under the Versailles treaty,
whose ratification by the senate, he
asserted, would write "the blackest
page in the nation's history " i
Pressuf-c Brought to Bear.
Great Britain's influence n the mat
ter, he charged, was secured by Ja
pan's -MipiKirt of British claims to Pa !
cific islands south of the equator,'
while France's aid was purchased by
a promise of the Tokio government to
help draw China into the war so thdt
German ships in rhinese harbors
would be available for carrying troops
and provisions to France.
"On the 27th day of January'. 1917."
said Senator Norris, 'the Japanese
minister of foreign affairs at Tokio,
;ppnached the British ambassador lo
cated at that place with a view of
bringing abont an agreement with the
British government. The British min-j
ister cabled to his govi rnment at Lon-:
don and lifter receiving instructions
from his government, wrote the Jap
anese government as follows:
British Ambassador's Letter.
" 'British embassy, Tokio, Februar
16. 1917.
"'My dear excellency:
"'With reference to the subject of
our conversation of the 27th ultimo
his Britannic majesty's gov
ernment accedes with pleasure to th,
request of the Japanese government
for an assurance thai LhOj Will sup-1
port Japan's claims in regard to the
disposal of Germany's rights in Shan
lung and possessions in the islands
north of the enuator on the occasion
of the peace conference; lt being un
derstood that the Japanese govern
ment will in the eventual peace set
tlement treat in the same .spirit Great
Britain's claims to the German islands
south of the equator.
" 'I avail myself of this opportunity.
M Lo Ministre to renew to Your Ex
cellencv the assurance of my highest
"'His Brittanic Majesty's Ambas
sador.' Japanese Send Reply.
On the 21st. day of February. 1917.;
the Japanese government replied to
this communication of the British gov-1
trnmeiit as follows (omitting formal I
" The Japanese government Is deep- j
ly appreciative of the friendly spirit'
in which your government has given
assurance and is happy to note it as
fresh proof of the close ties that unite
the two allied powers. I lake pleas
ure in stating that the Japanese gov
ernment on Hs part, is fully prepared
to support in the same spirit the claims
which may be put forward at the peace
conference in regard to the German
possessions in the islands south of the
"While the Japanese government
was waiting for a reply from the Bri
tish government it proceeded also to
negotiate with the other allied gov
ernments. Its message to the French
ambassador at Tokio wa-1 signed by
vS vl o
Hedln rs to lead another expe
dition into Central Asia, where hi
has made notable discoveries.
Funds are provided by the Swed
ish government. Transhimalaya
nDd Tibet and the wild mountain
regions beyond are his objective.
the Japanese foreign minister and was
as follows
" 'The imperial Japanese government
proposes to demand from Ger
I many at the time of the peace nego
tiations the surrender of the territor
ial rights and special interests Ger
, many possessed before the war in
Shantung and the islands situated
; north of the equator in the Pacific
" 'The imperial Japanese government
j confidently hopes government of
the French government, realizing the
j legitimacy of these demands, will give
assurance that, her case being proved,
! Japan may count upon Its full support
in this question.
i " 'It goes without saying that rep
aration for damages caused to the life
1 and property of the Japanese people
, by the unjustifiable attacks of the ene
my as well as other conditions of
! peace, of a character common to all
the entente powers, ae entirely out
I side the consideration of the present
i situation."
a tew aays uiei tne brencn am
bassador replied to the Japanese for- I
eign office as follows'
" 'The government of the French re- j
public Is disposed to give the Japanese;
government its accord In regulatinv; at i
the time of the peace negotiations
questions vital to Japan concerning
Shantung and the German islands in
the Pacific north of the equator. H
also agrees to support the demands of
the imperial Japanese government for
the surrend r of the rights Germany
possessed before the war in this I :hi
Dt province and these Islands.
' 'M Briand demands, on the other
hand, that Japan give ils support to!
obtain from China the breaking of its
diplomatic relations with Germany and
that it give this act desirable signifi
cance. The consequences of this in
china should be the following
" 'First, handing passports to the:
German diplomatic agents and con-'
" Second, the obligation of all un-!
der German jurisdiction to leave Chi
nese territory'.
" Third, the internment of German
mips m Chinese ports and the ulti
mate requisition of thse ships In order
to place them at the disposition of the (
allies following the example of Italy i
and Portugal, According to the in- j
tormation of the French government,
there are fifteen German ships in Chi
nes., ports totalling about 40,000 tons.
"'Fourth, requisition of ;ermui
commercial houses established In
china forfeiting the right of Germany
in the concessions she possesses in
en tin parts of China '
Comply With Request
"Upon receipt of this communication
the foreign minister of Japan on br j
half of Japan, promised compliance
with ihe request of the French gov
ernment contained in this letter. Simi
lar negotiations were entered with I
similar results with Italy, although the'
negotiations with Italy took place in!
Rome and not in Tokio Similar
agreement also was made with Russia
Dad II must be remembered that, at
that time Russia was still in the war
and it was anticipated that at the close
Of the war she would have a place at
the peace table.
"It is thus clearly disclosed that
while these leading governments of
the world were inducing China to get
into the war, in order that they might
Secure her assistance and particularly
that they might be able to get posses
sion of the German ships itnerned in
China's harbors, they were secretly
plotting among themselves as to her
destruction as soon as she had com
plied with their wishes and the war
vas over. In all the annals of history,
I do not believe there is recorded an
Instance of a more disgraceful and dis
honorable agreement to carve up the
U rrltory of an enemy, but of an allied
"And if we approve this wicked d'-
t ree, is it any defense to say that Wei
were the only member of the court j
that was not bribed? If we ratify this
treaty as it stands, we approve not
only the judgment, but the reprehen
sible method by which it was brought
about. Should this treaty a.s it stands
become operative and later the thirty
millions of Chinese in Shantung should
iebei against the rule of Japan and
then if the balance of China should
go io the assistance of their own
brethern in attempting to overthrow'
ihe unlawful and cruel rule of a for
eign government, then under Section I
Foreign Relations Com
' mittee Wants All Avail
I able Treaty Data.
Hitchcock Asks All Fu
ture Meetings Be
WASHINGTON. July 15 Issues of
: the peace treaty fighcwere expected
to result in iurther committee action
land several hours of debate in the
senate chamber todav.
The foreign relations committee
which reported three resolutions ask
ing the president for information about
the Versailles negotiations had before
it today a proposal by Senator John
son, Republican of California, to re- i
quest all available data bearing upon
the preparation of the treaty and par- 1
ticularly all proposed drafts of ihe
league of nations.
Another proposal considered 'certain
to arouse considerable discussion in i
the meeting was a motion by Senator
Hitchcock, Nebraska, ranking Demo- I
cratic member, that all luture com
mittee meetings be open to the public.
In the senate Chairman Lodge of
the committee was prepared to cnM up
for passage his resolution, reported j
rday, asking the president for a
copy of an alleged secret treat v nego
tiated in 1918 between Japan and
Germany. Senators Norris, Republi
can, Nebraska, and Underwood. Dem
ocrat, Alabama, also had announced
that they probablj would speak at
length during the day on other fea
tures of ihe treaty fight.
ROME. Monday. July 14 (By The
Associated Press.) The Italian gov
ernment. Premier Nlttl announced in
the chamber of deputies today, has
taken ample measures to preserve or-'
Uir ill mc Ul i lie mi ri i ui i rut'iiii
strike throughout the country Troops.
he said, have been distributed every
where in the country and they were
provided with supplies for more than
4S hours in case they should bo cut
off from the bases.
There is no reason for a general
strike in Italy, the premier continued.
The government does not wish blood
shed and will do its utmost to prevent
Italy is one country where a general
strike should not occur, Signor Nitti
asserted; Bolshevism was an "Asiatic
evil which could not spread to Italy.'
10 of the league of nations as it now
stands, it would be our duty to con
tribute American lives and American
blood on the battlefield to assist Japan
to retain her power.
"This treaty should rro bacti. and
I believe if the American people could
h ue an opportunity to see all the vice
that it contains and were able to ex
press their patriotic sentiments, it
would go back practically b a unani-i
mous vote. When the honest citizens
of GreAt Britain, of France and of!
Italy realize the injustice that it con
tains they will unite with us iu do-'
mandlng that it be rejected."
While declaring he favored the gen
eral Idea of a league of nations, Sena
tor Norris said he considered the Ver
sailles covenant contained many Ob
jectionable features and would Wlte
lor changes in it .-, I
Foreign Relations Com- H
mittee Hostile to Con- I
f erence Proposals. I
President Will Not Be I
Asked to Discuss I
With Them.
WASHINGTON. July 13 Intima- f;
lions that the senate foreign relation
committee might not arrange for an !
'early conference with President Wll- 1
' c-An f A i on o ion if W r- rvrwsNrt t rAO r
and the league of nations covenant led
to the suggestion today that Mr. Wll- I
son might begin his tour of the coun-
try sooner than he had planned. j
Fixing of the itinerary for "the
swing around the circle' was under j
Stood to have been delayed to await i
completion of the committee's program t
in order that there might be no con- jp
flict. The committee met again to
da) and, la; me aside temporarily the I
question of asking for more informa- j
Hon, began a reading of the official j
text of the trcat submitted by the K H
Among administration senators the I
impression prevailed 'hat the presi
dent and tbe committee undoubtedly j
would be brought together to discus ; j
some features of the treaty. It was j
expected, however that these meet-
ings would be at the White House ra j
th( r than at the capitol. i
The foreign relation- committee lat- j
er adopted a resolution requesting the
president, if not incompatible with the j
public interest, to furnish the com- 1
mittee viriualh all document consid j
ered b the American peace commis '
sioners in their work on the treaty
with Germany.
It was said that the resolution of
winch Senator Johnson, Republican,
i alifornia, was the author was adopt- L
ed bj vlrtuallj unanimous vote and J
that action bv the senate was not con-
sidered I' requests ihe president tp i1
submit drafts of all proposals for a J
league of nations a: well as stenogra- jl
phic transcripts of formal proceedings I
Si the peace conference.
Should ihe commltee decide not to
invite the president to appear before
it Mr. Wilson mishi begin his tour of
the country earlier than he had plan- L
ncd The general undemanding ha. I
been thai the president was withhold- .
ing decision regarding his itinerary
and the dme rm- beginning his "swing I
i punnH tli.-. rirrltj" until t h .- fnrt.i n . f
lations' committee should decide whe- j
ther It desired to discuss the treaty
with him .
In the beginning the reading of the I
I treaty text today, the committee by jj
(mutual consent between Republican
and Democratic member? deferred
'consideration of the league of nations f-
: covenant. Chairman Lodge read the t
text and frequently was interrupted by I
questions and discussions of arious If
sections Members expected that the I
i reading would require several days. jj
WASHINGTON, July 15. Indie i I
j tions that President Wilson would 001 I
'be asked to appear before the foreign k
relations committee for discussion of jj,
the peace treaty were said today to II
have been received in administration Jl
quarters. 1
High administration officials inti
mated they had been informed by some I
members of the committee that the jk
majority of that body seemed hostilo !j
(o suggestions that the president he I
asked to appear, or that the commit
tee confer as a body with bim at the
Whlto House. 1
Strike Disorders I
ROME, Monday. July 11 (By the I
Associated Press) Strike disorder 6"
occurred at various places in Italy to- h
day At Lucera eight persons were I
killed and thirty wounded. Near Ge- V
noa two anarchists wen- killed in a P
tight with carabiuleri.

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