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Forty-n.nth Year-No. 183 Price F.ve centc " OGDEN CITY, UTAH, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 2, 1919. " LAST EDITION 3 : 30 P. M. J I
t BELA KUN RESIGNS DICTATORSHIP 1
! NATION IS TO PROSECUTE PROFITEERS I
! CHICAGO FIRES LEAVE 3,000 HOMELESS I
BOWS TO DEMANDS
j OF ALLIED COUNCIL
VIENNA. Friday, Aug. 1 , by The Associated Press.
Bela Kun, the Hungarian communist dictator, has resigned and
been succeeded by a Socialist government, according to a tele
r I phone message from Budapest.
On receipt of news from the front that created consterna
tion in Budapest. Kun at a meeting of the soviet Socialists be
came pale of face and with his back, to the wall, declared:
1 "V ery well. If you demand it, I must resign. I made
the best fight I could."
Captain Thomas C. Gregory, the United States food ad
, ministrator in this region, is credited with a large share in th
hastening of Bela Kun's retirement.
Captain Gregory arranged tonight for food relief for
Budapest. He is bringing up supplies from the Banat region
I and also sending them down the Danube from Austria.
VIENNA, Aug. 2, by The Associated Press. Overture -for
peace with the allies have been made by the new Socialist
government of Hungary which has been set up in succession
ito the Bela Kun regime.
Bela Kun, who resigned his virtual dictatorship, has been
furnished a safe conduct by the allies and is expected to seek
refuge here, as it is felt that his life would be endangered if
he remained in Budapest.
The peace overtures were made by Jacob Weltner. presi
dent of the soldiers' and workers' soviet of Hungary. Arriving
in Vienna from Budapest, Hcrr Weltner asked Colonel Cun
ningham, the leading representative of the allies at Vienna,
and the other allied officials here, to recognize the new govern
ment and to treat for peace.
K The new Hungarian cabinet is presided over bv Jules
E Peidll. vho was formerly minister of the people's walfare in
the Count Karolyi cabinet. The cabinet contains provisional
ly many members of the former Bela Kun ministry.
COPENHAGEN. Friday. Aug. 1 . A dispatch from
Budapest today announces that a purely Socialistic govern
ment has been formed under the leadership of Herr Peidll
The new government has issued a manifesto, the advices de
K clare. saying that its chief tasks will be to preserve internation
al order and enter into negotiations with the Entente.
LONDON, Aug. 2. A dispatch to the Exchange Tele
M graph company from Copenhagen says it is officially reported
1 from Budapest that the government of Bela Kun has resigned.
The trades' union have formed a Socialist government, the
J dispatch adds.
BERNE, An". 2 The announee
1 luent of rhr. impending resignation of
m the Austrian ministry, received here
M lroin Vienna Thursday, was erron.
oils, it has developed. A mistake, in
m the transmission of the diapa,tch from
Vienna was responsible. The mes
Bagc originated In Belgrade, it ap
pears, and referred to the Serbo-Croat
ion minist rv
The dispatch ret erred to in the fore
zonz was received in Berne from
Vlnna .July u stated that the
Austrian cabinet had decided to re
8'n a similar message reaching
M London via Berne said It had been
; semi officially announeed that the cab
ine. reached the decision to resign l
B a meeting held Tuesday.
VIENNA, Friday, Aug. I. (By The
A Associated Press.) The crisis at
Budapest was due to the combined
m effect, of the allied note issued at
M Paris last Sunday, warning the Hun
m Sarians they must set up a truly
jt representative government, and the
A successful adance of the Rumanian
The soviet military .orces were
aiu to have been reduced to 40,000
A unwilling soldiers who lacked anluia
fm 'ion and who were harassed by the
,J Kuerilla warfare of peasants. This
A force was thoroughly defeated today
The Hungarians were said to ljave
A surrendered or fled when. -Rumanian
A division crosed th Ttiela rier. The
,1 Rumanians crosed the river TheilB ai
Tisza-Pured. They also took Szolnok,
tutting the Budapest railway.
Stragglers from the soviet army
4 brought the news of the Rumanian
advance. They sid the enemy forces
f vore only 25 miles trom the capital.
I j Hungarian refugees here held a
celebration tonight over the downfall
of communism. Officials here said the
reconstruction of the Hungarian gov-
ernment was expected to improve the
situation In Austria, lessening the
danger of disorders.
VIENNA, Thursday. Julv 31. (By
The Associated Press.) The resigna
tion of Bela Kun from ihe Hungarian
go ernment wai effected this after
noon Hjs retirement was precipi'a'
ed by the Rumanian successes along
the river Theiss and the rout of the
Hungarian Red army.
COPENHAGEN, Aug 2 The strict
est martial law is being enforced in
Budapest by Ihe war ministry in the
new government, Joseph Haubrich, ad
vices from the Hungarian capital to
da states The city Is reported quiet.
ENNA, Aug. 2. (By the Associat
ed Press The new cabinet is made
I up as follows .
Premier Jules Peidll.
Minister of foreign affairs Peter
Minister of war Joseph Haubrich.
Minister of jutsice- -Paul Carami.
Minister of welfare Alexander Gar-j
Minister of commerce M DOVOhalL.
Minister of education Stephan I
Minister of home affairs Karl 1
Minister of agriculture Joseph1
Minister of finance Joseph Miskics.
Minister of food M. Knittelhofer.
Premier Peidll is said to be a cour-j
ageousman of simple habits. He has
been . typographer, an editor and a
Minister of Wax Haubrich formerly
Shopmen Expect Walk
out Will Become Nation-wide
EXTEND TO ALLR.R.
Strike Against Delays
In Consideration of
CHICAGO. Aug 2. Leaders of the
Federated Railway Shopmen's union
today predict that the strike which
-tarted yesterday- would become the
nationwide movement that it was ev
pected to be when it was called. A1
present the strike is for the most part
confined to points in the middle wosl
and southeast, with some of the crafts
men nut at points outside that terri
In the middk west some 30,000 men
were reported out. with a like number,
in Ihe south and southeast sections.1
j Those affected are car repairers, in
spectors, machinists, electricians,
blacksmiths and sheet metal workers.
jThey demand a wage increase from
the present scale of 88 cents an hour
! to 85 cents with 60 cents an hour for
helpers and thatthe increase be ef-j
feciive from January 1, 1919.
'fEvery railroad Bystem In the eoun- j
try will be affected by night," John j
D. Saunders, secretary of the council
directing the Chicago situation said.
I ' The strike was ordered as a protest
against Ihe many delays in our de
mands Negotiations in Washington
have been without avail We will
make a clean sweep of every road in
DEM ER. Colo , Aug 2 That the
strike of railroad shopmen declared
yesterday Is in direct violation of or
ders insued by the grand lodge of the!
railway department of the American!
'Federation of Labor, was the state-!
. ment made toda by F. E fifties gen-'
eral chairman of district 20. of the in-'
ternational Association of Machinists I
District l'ii i nniprix-s Colorado, Wyoni-'
ling and New Mexico,
i "The railwaj department of the
American Federation of Labor Is the
parent body of all organizations of
railway employes," said Mr. Miles "ln
view of that fact. I an. doing my ut
most tn keep the men at work In my 1
district, since the eight grand lodges
Of Ihe railway departmmt have
pressed their wishes that there b1' no
On the Rhine to Be
On Way by Aug 20
COBLENZ Thursday, July r.i (By
the Associated Press) All American
soldiers excepting abou' 80fin who will
remain on the Rhine Indefinitely, will
be out of Germany by August 20, a -cording
to the latest Instructions from
It was announced today that the first
division had been turned over to the
transportation department and that the
first units of this division would prob
ably entrain for Brest August 12.
was chief of police at Budapest and
is reputed to be an an: I c ommunist
Minister of Justice Garaml and Min
ister of Education Szabo were in the
Persons in touch with the situation
at Budapest said it was their under
standing that the members of the Kun
ministry holding over under the recon
struction was doing so In order to
save themselves and their supporters
and they probably would not remain
In office long. ,
TO DIE FOR MURDER I
OSSrNING, N . Y. i Gordon
Fawcett Hamby, whJp-hand in 13
daylight bank robberies and
countless other thieving, mur
derer of at least six men, will die
' In the electric chair, this week,
j for the murder of DeWltt C. Peal,
issistant cashier of the j East i
Brooklyn Savings Bank.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug 2 Return
ing unescorted to her apartment in the
Fairmont hotel today, after having
been absent throughout the nicht,
nine-year-old Virginia Byinton. daugh
ter of a New York manufacturer, end
ed an alleged kidnaping mystery
which had busied every policeman in
The pivi said she has been "visiting
friends in Berkeley." Her mother
fainted when she entered the room.
W H Byington, the father, is a New
York munitions manufacturer and the
brothei of K L Byington, an official
of the nit 1 Railroads of San Fran
clsco. Known In New York.
NF.w irk, Aug 2. W. it Bying
ton, whose nine-year-old daughter
( reated a missing child mysterj In San
Francisco, formerly was employed as
a salesman by the National Tractor
company of Cedar Rapids, la Hia
headquarters were in New York. When
the tractor company was sold last Feb
ruary to an automobile corporation,
Byington wa employed for a week as
a salesman tor the latter concern At
the end of that period he resigned, i'
v.as said here today, and has not been
seen here sinco then.
PARIS, Aug 2 (By the Associated!
Press) Negotiations which have been
going on for some time for a coalition
Of the moderate political parties of
France In the coming elections against'
both the royalists and she extreme So
cialists, are ieported on good authority!
I to he making headway and likely to
succeed. This combination would in
clude the radicals, Republican Social-)
ists, Alliance Democrat iq ies and Fed
eralion des Guch.es, whose combined'
voting strength in the elections of:
1914 was 4,725,000 out of a total of
8,250.000 as against 1 100,000 foi So
cialist. 1.300,000 for the royalists and
conservatives and 800,000 for the pro
gressives. A tundamenlal point in the combi
nation platform will he "neither re
action nor revolution."
Maryland Take Steps to'
Enforce Cold Storage
PUBLIC TO ASSIST
Several States Pledge
Support to Grand Jury
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2 The sen
?te today adopted a resolution request
ing the senate banking committee to
report whether legislation to reduce
the amount of currency In circulation
was advisable as a means of reducing
the cost of living. The resolution
which was sponsored by Senator My
ers, Democrat, Montana, had been un
der debate for two days.
I f 1
BALTIMORE. Md., Aug 8. Mary
land and Baltimore public officials to
day began to take steps to prosecute
food profiteers Attorney-General
I Ritchie will enforce the 30-day cold
Storage provision. He believes this
Will result in the public refusing to pay
top prices for cold storage products,
while in turn the imprisonment or fin
: ng of persons who sell suchstorag-
goods in violation of the law will aid
I The governor said today that he will
ila - all available fund9 at the dis-
Iposal of a committee to probo the
whole situation, with a view of brins-
'ing out into the strong daylight the
Identity of persons guilty of hoard
ing and profiteering
COLUMBUS, O.. Aug. 2 Ohio and
Michigan have pledced co-operaoon in
, the food pric e investigations which
have been launched in both states.
Attorney-Genera John G. Price of
Ohio. Assistant Attorneys-General S.
D. Pepper and Clare Retan of Michl
tan at a conference here oppressed the
hope that all the central west states
will join in the investigation.
The co operation, it was stated, will
ronsi' chiefly in exchange of infor
mation obtained by grand jury inves
tigations and the like which may lead
from one state to the other.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2. Represen
tative Fitzgerald of Massachusetts
(ailed at the White House toda to
advocate increased wages for all go
"In view of the president's stand r
garding increases for railroad em
ployes," said Mr. Fitzgerald, "some
ihinu should be done for all classes
Of government employes, all of whom
are notoriously underpaid."
IOWA IN ACTION.
DES MOINES. Ia., Aug. 2. Gover
nor W. L. Harding today started a
campaign to reduce the high coat of
living m Iowa by sending orders to all
county attorneys to meet here next
Friday to discuss ways and means of
lighting profiteers The governor's ac
tion followed an announcement made
last night that he would "use every
means available" to reduce the cost of
Block Recess Action.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2 Erforts to
have the house recess for two weeks
were blocked today by Representative
Isoo Democrat of Missouri, who re
fused unanimous consent for con- j
sideration of the recess resolution
until the house acted on his measure
proposing an investigation of the
high cost of shoes.
700 JOIN STRIKE.
DBS MOINES. Ia.. Aug. 2. Approxi
mately 700 railway shopmen in the
Rock Island yards at Valley Junction,
near here, went on strike today in re
sponse to the call for a nation wide
TROOPS UNABLE TO
CHICAGO, Aug. 2. Scores of families were made
homeless early today by half a dozen fires which broke out in j I
a six block area west of the stockyards and inhabited chiefly
by foreigners. Squads of police sent to the fires pronounced
by firemen as of incendiary origin, found it impossble to con- f
trol the crowds and several companies of militia were ordered
to the quarter, in which fram structures predominate.
The presence of the militia led to rumors of renewal of
the recent race disturbances and of incendiarism growing out : : I
of that trouble. Police officials, however, said that these were
probably baseless. j
One woman reported the loss of three children but it was
thought they had escaped from the house and been lost in the
excited crowds that flocked to the scene. Firemen carried a i
number of small children from the rapidly burning frame j I
houses but there was no known loss of life.
According to Fire Marshal O'Connor, nearly 1 -00 homes IHI
were destroyed and 3,000 persons were made homeless by
the fire. I
QUIET IN "BLACK BELT"
CHICAGO. Aug. 2 Calm pervaded
the "black belt" district of the south:
, side today, and but for the presence
I of soldiers and policemen, a visitor
! would scarcely have known that for
four days and nights the district
.seethed with feeling of race hatred
'that resulted in thirty-five deaths and
,more than 300 known injured.
One fist fight between a white man
and a negro was the only report of
trouble in the sector for the twelve
! hours preceding this morning.
With the resumption of service on
the elevated railroads Adjutant-General
Dickson notified regimental com
manders to place guards at the var
ious stations and those of the curious
who sought entrance to Ihe 'belt" over
the elevated found a soldier with a
ba onetted gun to turn them back if
I no proof of business tbereabouts was
With quiet restored in the "black
i belt" the legal machinery of the coun
ty began active operation in investi
gating the riot "More than a hundred
of the prisoners held at the police sla
tlons in the riot zone lv.ve thus far
been interrogated, and Trom these con
I fessions were said to have been pro
' curd which will lead to further ar
rests on more serious charges than
those on which the many prisoners are
!now held. The officials declared con
spiracies among negroes to "snipe"
policemen and whites have been rc
! vealed and also similar combination0
I among whites to burn the homes of
Resume Car Service
CHICAGO, Aug. 2 Street car serv
ice was resumed today after a four
dav strike of surface and elevated can
men that Is estimated to have cost the
workers 330 "OO in wages lost. Re- i
sumption of traffic soon followed an
nouncement of rescinding of the strike
order and acceptance of a wage sche
dule of 65 cents an hour for surface
and 67 cents for eloated men.
Hearings were begun today by the
i state public utilities commission to j
i determine what raise m fares will be
I necessary to pay the 17 cents an hour
; increase in wages given to the men.
It is said a 7 cent fare on surface lines
and an eight cent faie on elevated
roads will be granted by the commis- I
sion. In addition a one cent charge
I for transfers may be assessed.
Started by Negroes
An incendiary fire which the police
declare was started by negroes early
t today swept through the district
bounded by West 13rd. West 46th.
South Lincoln street, and South Her-
mitage avenue, destroying 100 homes
I Of Polish and Lithuanian employes of
Ithe stockyards and causing a property
loss of more than 1200,000. Three
j persons are missing and a score were
iniured in the cnnelagration.
Three thousand men, women and
children have been rendered homeless
by the fire and the bad feeling be
tween the whites and negroes greatly
aggravated. State troops were sent
to the scene of the fire to disperse
the crowds and prevent a renewal of
A number of witnesses have been
found by the police who say they saw
several automobiles of negroes with
burning torches in the district shortly
before the fire was discovered. The
fire broke out in three sections of the
district at Ihe same Ume, according
to the police. Telephone wires in the
district were cut a few moments after
the blaze broke out. A number of
shots were fired at negroes in auto
mobiles who, it is said, were attempi I
ing to escape after the fires were I H
started. ne negro was said to have El
been wounded but was carried away
by his companions.
Fire Chief O'Connor fler a hasty
Investigation declared that the fires
were undoubtedly of iocendiary origin
and evidently started by throwing gas
oline on the outside of building and
applying a lighted torch or matches.
Fire Attorney Harry Donnelly gave , I
the police the nam' ol twelve per- I
sons ho declare they saw negroes in
the district bearing burning torches
and cutting telephone wires.
The situation in other sections of th I
danger zone of the south side was re
ported satisfactory to the authorities r
although there were a number of mi
HOME GUARDS .
AS POLICEMEN jj
COBLENZ. Wednesday, July -0 ji
By Courier to Paris to The Associated
Press.) Tho plan of Gustav Noske. I I
the Cerman secretary for military af
fairs, to retain the home guards
throughout Germany by transferrins
them to the civil authorities and call
ing the guards "local police resenes,"
is going into effect, according to in- j.
formation reaching the American area I I
In conuection with this procedure,
the German newspapers are carrying
ad ertisements which say that re
cruits for the home guards no longer
are required to take an oath to de
fend the countrv against invasion. In
American circles, it is said that the
abolition of this pledge obviously is a
result of Nosko's new plan for If some
of the guards were bound by such an
oath they would clearly be prohibitel
under the terms of Article 177 of the
An American army bulletin com
menting on the change of the guaffl
to police reserves, says. w
"This is the first confession that
such a pledge had been taken bv the
home guards It confirms Busplcio I
that the home guards were intended
to be a great reserve army and justi
ces further suspicion of the home
guards under their new guise or
civil police reserves."
SOLDIERS KILL STRIKER
LONDON, Aug. 8 A dispatch from
Geneva under date of August 1 sas
that during fierce rioting at Basle, in
I connection with the .strike there,
'troops fired on the strikers, killing
nine and wounding many.
RUSSIA WANTS TROOPS.
PARIS, Aug. 2 Nicholas TsehalOl
Ski. president of the provisional gov
ernment of north Russia, Left yes'er
day for London He will endeavor to
induce the British government not to
withdraw Lta troops from Archangel.
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