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' pSis iAi:RrLt s . p ftOfth'f Ti )f $11 nT Tit . M spelter ea. 7.25c. Jj l ' T ' '"W "SlV a,r "j'1 a n r : I'ttle change in tempera. I ' " " 0 FEARLESS 4 INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER ' ill I TL: enj, QGDEN CITY, UTAH, WEDNESDAY EVEN1NG7 AUGUST 6Ti9i : LAST EDITION 3:30 P. M. HW Congress I o Act on Reducing r rices 1 J President Cabled to Keep Minutes From the '"r French Senate. TELLS OF TREATIES Denies Statements of j Republican Members of Big Committee. im WASHINGTON. Aug. 6 Secretary- Lansing told the senate foreign rela 9 tions committee today thai the Amer I I lean plan for a leagui nl nations wa? I "nol pressed" at Versailles and never v n. d to the full peace con H I former. The secretary, appearing at a public JJ hearing of the committee, said he did 1 I not know whether a op: of the Ann r I ic;in draft M'll v as in existence. He presumed, ho .'-aid. that the draft was II made by President Wilson and added 2 i hat a eop might still be in the pros :d"-ni's possession. As to the Shantung provision of ihe , ti-patv Sijrrrt'irv Lansing said the Lan-dog- Ichiyii agroemenl made to ob I tain re-affirmation bv Japan of the open-door prillcy in China, was rnier-it- ' od by the American government with j out knowledge of the secret treaty be 11 teen Japan and the allies for a trans il for of (it-rnian concessions in Shan 11 L turjg to Japan. Mr Lansing said it was true ih?' n . Prt-.-iu- ni Wilson had f abled to the fe pearo commission requesting that the in confidential minutes of the proceod I ings of the commission on the league a r'f nation- b. not furnished to the i Frenoh sena'e Senator Brandegee asked regarding 3- reports that tne preeident had cabl-d f j Preruior lome nr cui "disappro nit,-" a Ik ; request of the French senate for the i I minutes. Denies Statement a "That' isn't a tine statement," said Mr L.m-nm "The Benate asked Mr I Clemenceau to lay before it the rain- utos of Mi ' mmlttee on tne league I of nations end Mr. Clemenceau said as - r that was a matter pertaining to other I wernmrnts ho must make Inquiry . i He Inquired oi me and I said itwou!d , '"'f unwise ;i lay the minutes before I the senate and that I would communi I cate with the president. The piesi j dent agreed with me and cabled the I T'ace committee." Mr. Lansing told the committee It! j ' a; uncertain v. a I 111 COmmll t 6 I could secure the records of the Amen I can peaee delegation, as they will be I ued in Paris lor some lime. The Shantung settlement then was I taken up by Senator Borah. Idaho, who t asked when the state department first r heard of the secret treat) beU i en j Japan. Great Britain, France and Italy for the cession of Shantung to Japan. "I should ha vp to look the matter up before I could give a definite answer," Mr. Lansing replied He promised to do 60. When the Lanslng-Ishll agreement i was made. Mr Lansing said, (he d partment knew of Jap an . 2 demands 'Jpon China, but added that ihe de mands did nor enter Into the dlscus I sion of tho agreement. "And the agreement was not rn- 'oreement of the secret agreement re Rarding Shantung-'" "No." Favored Secrecy. "nd if you had known of those secret agreements would you have likely entered into the agreement with discount Ishii?" I "Yes, i think bo," Mr. Lansing re plied "I think I can say that one ol the very reasons for the Lansing-Ishii agreement was to secure from Japan i a re-declaration of the open door poi- icy which she gave " Senator Borah asked whether the J-ashig-lshlt agreement had been con i ,,(le1red an endorsement of Japan' I demands t "I know It was in Japan," Mr Lan I lT1g replied. Dld not China send a protest1" 1 fill hav to refresh my memory." DRIVES 700 MILES ELIZABETH: 2Z&g "WINNIPEG. Seven hundred miles across country le some drive for a girl. But Miss Elizabeth Muse made the drive from Mason City, la., to Winnipeg and held her own with the caravan or har dened Now Orleans tourists who were making a 6000 mile round trip drive. It was "the annual Jefferson Highway Sociability run, and It Is scheduled to end In New Orleans August 15. I ' Was the secret treaty between Japan and allies brought to the atten tion of the president before you went to Versailles?" "Oh, yes." Not Give a Copy. Mr. Borah then took up the report that Secretary Lansing, General Bliss jand Henry Y hite had filed a written i protest against the Shantung pro l Ision. Mr. Lansing stated that Oen leral Bliss wrote a letter to tho presi dent and that it was signed by General ! Bliss alone. I "Did it purport to the writing on ;the part of any others?" "Yes, Mr. White and myself." Secretary Lansing said he person ally would be opposed to furnishing tho senate a copy of the transcript of the discussions before the league of nations section of the peace confer- ence "on the general principle" that it misht prove "irritating" to other na tions. Not Recall Plan. Mr. Lansing did not recall how the American plan tor a league of nations differed from that adopted. Asked by Senator Brandegee whether it wa. true that the American plan was draft ed by two New York lawyers, the wit ness replied : "I think that is not true" The .secretary I bought that the plan embodied in the league covenant was "a decided Improvement" over the American plan. He could not go Into details, however, because he was noi a number of the commission, whlcb drafted the covenant. Asked how expenses of the league were to be paid, the .secretary said the league had no authority to "assess" any nation, but would apportion ex penses and their payment so far as the United States was concerned would be entirely depnedent upon the decision of congress. Pressed to describe the Bliss let ter, Mr. Lansing said: ' The president bad asked us to gie our opinions. General Bliss prepared ; a letter and showed it to US and we concurred in it. "Was it in the nature of a prolyl ? ' Bi feed Senator Borah. "No." Aked why the letter was not avail-; able, Secretary Lansing said: "Ask the president. It was sent to him." The secretary said he could not re call having seen a letter relating to an efforl oi the Japanese delegates to "intimidate" the Chinese. Questioned again about the Ishii Lansing agreement, the secretary said he would prefer to make a full state ment later on that subject. C X- .. I. ,J - - fl I oriiuiui ie, iiMivu n uf iui.'i iu ei- fort was made by United States to have Japan guarantee tho return of Shantung to China. "Yet;," replied the secretary, "there was such an effort and by that word I don't mean to imply that it was not a failure." "Do you mean to say that it was not a failure?" asked Senator Harding of Ohio. "I cannot pass upon that as the mat ter was handled entirely bv the pree ident" Set rotary Lansinc said he "had rea son to believe" Uaere was no Becr I agreements in effect now among the other allied and associated powers of which the United States had no know ledge. He also said be had been as BUred by Mr. Balfour, (the British for eign secretary) that Great Britain fa vored the open door policy in ddna. Ur?es Passage of Bill Embodying Railroad Employes' Plan. MAKES STRONG PLEA Extortionate Profits Take Wages at Any Rate Given. ; WASHINGTON. Aug. 6 Organized labor may, alter a more thorough in jquirv, advocate a firing squad for sonic I of those responsible foT the wave of profiteering sweeping over the coun try, Warren S. Stone, grand chit f of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi neers, told the house interstate com merce committee today Mr. Stone appeared before the com mitteo at the hearinc of the Plumb plan for railroad control by the public, i tho operating managements and labor j Mr. Stone said the railway brother -I hoods were bitterly opposed to the old j system of railway control. If the Plumb plan is retired it would be the policy of labor, he added, to create enough sentiment in and out of con gress to force its adoption ' We have not and do not make any strike threats," the witness said in this connection. "We have not even demanded an increase in wages, pre ferring a reduction in the cost of liv ing. "I do not believe any labor organi zation will strike simply to rorce the Plumb plan," Mr. Stone continued "1 think some organizations will strike unless something is done immediately to raise wages or cut down the living oosi When you reduce the latter you solve the entire problem of Industrial unret." WASHINGTON, Aug 6 Labor now demands that America become the home of industrial freedom as it has the home of political freedom. War ren S. Stone, grand chief of the Bro therhood of Locomotive Engineers, laid today in appearing before the bouse interstate commerce committee in support of labor's plans for publli ownership and private operation of the railroads. Declaring that American democracy wras controlled by an autocracy in in dustry Mr. Stone argued that there could be no loweriffg of the cost of living as long as consumers had to pay extortionate profits in purchasing the necessities of life. Labor's belief in the Sims bill i ni -bodvin ihe railroad employes' plan for the solution of the railroad prob lem was declared by Mr. Stone to be profound. "At the request of these organiza tions (tin railroad brotherhoods), ihe Sims bill is now before you," said Mr. Stone. "1 speak as the voice ol ili two million men, delegated by them to announce to this committor and to the people of this country that the are supporting this measure with all the strength and allelic unity ol pui pobe that can move so large a body of citizens. "Joined with us is the American Federation of Labor adding three mil lion and a half men to the body of railway employes who instituted this movement. "In the industrial development of this country great organizations of capital lirst appeared as employers. Individual workers, following the ex ample set by capital, organized as em ploye "There has boon a perpetual strug gle by the workers to maintain a tol erable standard of existence; on the part of capital to amass greater pro fits. At times both sides could ignore the needs of ihe public But now the very growth of the labor organization., has brought into their ranks a great mass ot the consumers. Wage earners now constitute a larse percentage of the people The evu non of Industry has changed the nature ol the previous struggle. "For whatever the worker receives Grain Market Swings Up ward at a Most Startling Pace. t'HlCAGO, Auk 6 An Instahtoneous upward jump of 9 to 9'c a bush I was the response of the corn market today to the announcement that the govern raent would maintain the guaranteed ?2 26 price of wheat The biggest rise of the corn market was in the prlncl-l pal trading delivery', December, which soared at once to $1.52 Wildness to buy was as evident to-; day as the overwhelming rush to sell yesterday. Holders and Speculators bad done the selling yesterday on the ex pectation that the government would decide to pocket a hugo loss and would nt once cut wheat prices to consum-1 ers as much as 50 cents a bushel. When this idea was shown to be WlrrrnTe- market conditions were squarely re versed and lor the time being little or no attention was paid to notice that flour would be sold at a reduction of $1 a barrel. New soaring prices extended to oth er commodities than corn. Oats quick-1 ly shot skyward 2 to 5,c, brd 85c ai hundredweight and pork $1.50 a barrel. I So large were the buying opera- j tions in the pits of 'ehunqe today that individual trades no matter on what a scale counted lor little. Offering3 were limited and came only from the comparative few who were fortunate enough to be in a position to collect profits. One of the freakish developments was that dealers for the most part re garded the cut of $1 in flour prices a.3 i bullish instead of bearish. For the moment the view was generally accept ed that such a small cut where a much larger one had been looked for would tend to lift the market for all dommod ities rather than to relieve the situa- j Hon. Lone after the usual period when a reaction from an excited advance might be looked for, tho market today kept strongly pointed toward the zen-1 ith. Prices swung backward at tine s, but In the main the big initial bulge was upheld. I In wages he must spend for the ne cessaries of life The cost of his liv ing is determined by the sum he earns plua the profit be la charged on his own labor. And, as a group, labor is forever prevented from bettering its ' lot because of the profits exacted by the employer. S !ong as consumers are forced to pay extortionate profits 'on their own earnings to a third In terest is no solution of the Industrial 1 problem "We find that this third interest ab solutely controls nnd dominates tho , management of Industry. It fixes wag es and controls working conditions. It fixes the prices of commodities with out regard to the needs of society, or the necessities of producers and con sumers "We exist under government but by Industry we live. Fnder such a sys tem, the majority of a democracy can through their government enjoy only such rights and privileges as an autoc- 1 racy in industry permits them to re- i coive. "We now demand industrial free- dom This can only be achieved by permitting producers and consumers to share in control of the management of thedr means of existence. The ma chinery for attaining thla result, we believe, is embodied in the Sims' bill." Effect of Strike In Traffic. CHICAGO, Aug. 6. -Effects on traf Nt of the strike of Federated Railway Shopmen, which started last Frid iy. wei'- seen today in the embargo placed liv several lines on all freight shlp Iments except carload shipments of livestock and perishable goods Ao cessions to the ranks of the strikers, which seemed to be increasing, it was believed, would lead additional lines to refuse to accept less thap carload shipments. Investigation r Ihe manner In which the strike was called is under way hcru by R, A. Mllroy. assistant United States district attorney, who seeks evidence with n view to prose cution of those responsible for effort made to tie up (he railroads which are under government supervision. SHE'S SENATOR'S WIFE . v. ' - i i I W Mrs New Is wife of the senator from Indiana and a member or the National Women's Republi can committee. She 13 prominent socially. MEXICO 10 TAKE f niL DECREE Congress to Consider Legisla tion Covering Whole Ques tion cf Oil Land Leasing. r JAPS BUYING LAND American, British and Othar Interests Holding Most of Valuable Petroleum Interests. MEXICO CITY, Tuesday, Aug. 5.--Oil legislation will be taken up about the middle of this month by the ? traordlnary session of the Mexican congress which bases Its consideration ot the subject on the message sent to congress last November by President Carranxa, according to statement made today to Tho Associated Tress by Leon SaUnas, acting head of the department of industry and commerce and also ehief of the oil bureau of that depart ment. Senor Satinas declared that, in- aorar as uis aeparuneni was con cerned, the question of new oil legis lation was closed, saying that the de partment s issuing provisional per mils for oil interests to sink wells had turned the whole question over to con gress for final disposition. in cui sing the reports that Japanese Interests are securing oil lands on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Mexico, Senor Satinas declared that his de partment had no official record of Such transactions nnd that Japanese oil men had made no inquiries at the de partment, He admitted however, that it would be possible for them to secure holdings from private individuals and that his department would not be ad vised as to these deals. Since most of the oil territory along the Atlantic coast is held by American, British or other Interests, Senor Satinas said it seemed hardly probable that any new comers could acquire important hold ings by purchasing small tracts from Mexlcani Referring to "Circular No. 9" giviug! permission for the sinking of oil wells which was issued under date of lugu first by the direction of President Car-1 ranza, the acting head of the depart ment said "This circular Is intend ed to be a temporary solution of the fuel problem. Oil companies have1 complained that their supplies were running low and that they could not fill their contract because they were not. permitted to drill wells as a result 61 the non-compliance with the decree of July 31, 1918. The Mexican gov ernment lor the purpose of shown. Its helpful disposition, gives permis sion companies to drill wells providt 'J they subject themselves to the law Which will be enacted by the Mexican congToss. n the companlea do not agree lo obey the regulations which will be laid down they will show unreasonable1 obstinacy. The government has ul waya been disposed lo listen to th- ir' appeals wh-n BUCb appeals did no: j attack legal principles which the gov ernment is under si net obligation toj keep and lo enforce Upon others. The I immediate commercial problem of the companies haviug contracts for sup- plying fuel oil is solved bv the circa- j lar." I 4- Andrew Bonar Law Says j Allies Are Resolved to Haye Trial. LONPON Aug. 6. The allies have not altered tbeir decision to hold the trial of the former Gorman emperor I in London. Andrew Bonar Law. gov ernment leader, announced in the i house of commons today. Ho said no action in the mat'er 1 could be taken until the Germm peare I treaty is ratified. 00 Austria's Reply j ' Has Been Received PARTS. Aug 6 The Austrian coun ter-proposals to the peace terms were handed to the allied mission at St. Cermajn-en-Layo at 12:15 o'clock lo day. The counterproposals wer brought at once to Paris and deliver ed to the supreme council 'of the peace j conference. oo Union Labor Is To Organize the Big Steel Works WASHINGTON. August 6. Predic tion that labor would organize the United States Steel corporation and es tablish the eight-hour day for its em ployefl was made today by Frank Mor rison, secretary of the American Fed eration of Labor, testifying before a congressional committee at a railroad bill hearing oo TROLLEY LINE WORKERS STRIKE Thousands on Way to Work in New York Wait in Vain for Service. NEW voRK, Aug. 6. Service ot? the subways, elevated and trolley j lines of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit 'system was demoralized at the jmsn hour early today by the strike of part iof the company's 13.000 employes I Tho walkout did not assume serious proportions until 8 a. m. when thou sands of passengers on their way to work In New York from various bor oughs aero--- the river waited in vain for sendee. The Easi river bridges soon were crowded with automobile, motor trucks and other vehicles pressed in to service. Congestion In the subwa trains which were operated on a limit ed scale, was most marked Trains on the "T." roads ran desultorily Slid the surface cars gave only part ser vice. The strike wa.- called to enforce d mands for an eight-hour day, recogei tion of the union and Increase in pay to 75 cents -nn hour for all trainni n and proportionate raise for other em ployee. 00 Bolsheviki Driven From the Streets By Population TRIEST, Aug. 5. (By The AssoclaT ed Pn BS.) A group of Bolsheviki ap peared on the streets here today and attempted to start rioting. The dis turbers, however were dispersed by the pollc.6 with the assistance of the population. As the result ol the demonstration, 700 arrests w ere made. 1 WILSON I ACTION j 4M President Will Appear Before Congress on High Cost of Living. I WASHINGTON. August 6. Presi ded Yilson will address congress in person Frldaj to make recommenda tions for legislation designed to aid in redut ing the cost of living This was learned today al the White House. H -i oo 'fl HIGH PRICE OF I SHOES EXPLAINED I I Excessive Profits and Unwar ranted Increase in Price of Hides the Cause. COMMISSION'S REPORT Retailers Pass on to Public High Prices of Tanners and Manufacturers. WASHINGTON. Aug. 6. The high f y price of sh-:: was declared to be dit" j i 'to excessive profits taken by every' facr jtor in the shoe production industry in fl la report by ih federal trade commls- H jslon to congress mad" public today. 1 i The pack ; , were charged with ha. - ing begun the pyramiding of shoe I prices by an unwarranted' increase in the pric-r. of hides, the supply of which they were said to control Oo top Ol this the tanners have taken "ex- ' H Iceptional profits," while the shoo f aH I manufacturers have demanded an "ur.- usual margin" and the retailers haw f aB charged prices that are "noi just 1 1" i Xfl '- ; The commission's report covers '.'.i -four-year period from 1911 to 191$. To show that the packers have made unwarranted Increases In the price ol ' packer" hides, the report pointed ou that ;hi price differential between Svl 1 1 heir hides and "country" hides hid-. V of a lower grade has increased "far . beyoud the usual proportion." Charges Iof excessive profits against the tau- iiiiiiB ner and the shoe manufacturer were t Lbh jsnid to be supported by "the hLjU 'iaH ates or return on investments" In i both industries following the price in t i eases. . I "The public." said the report, "hd bo pay prices for shoes that not only COUld not be Justified because retail fl hoe dealers took too much profit, but I ' cause the dealer had to pass on to the consumer tho excessive profits r .' tifl celved by butchers for hides ?nd al j . 'fl the excess prolits of tanners and .-ho, manufacturers nn 1 Bh PROFITEERS TO BE M TRACKED DOWN l Attorney General Starts in Pursuit of Those Hoard ing Food. Ill WASHINGTON, Aug. 6 Agents of the department of justice throughout the country today are at work to cam out the order of the attorney genei thai profiteers and hoarders of food and other necessities be tracked down 'and prosecuted under Ihe lever tood I control act. ! Recommendations for additional legislation necessary to effect a redut tiou in the cost of fiving formulate,! ) the special sub-committee of the cabinet were in President Wilson s hands and be was expected to make these recommendations the subject of an early message to congress. Their nature has not been disclosed. uu Bmsmv It Is in accord with the eternal fit ness of things that the police tele graph wires should be made of cn;. pr r.