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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, October 04, 1919, LAST EDITION - 3:30 P.M., Image 20

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058396/1919-10-04/ed-1/seq-20/

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"There is, of course, the obvious comparison between William II.
mjBM ; j I Mmm& BBK. H B FT Tir ft""1 B anc' Napoleon, but the former Kaiser will find little encouragement in
T Mt WjBL W& JL.PfcSLAn0 gJL. w tj-,c paraJlc. The German Emperor never gained the hold upon the
$rrvs popular imagination enjoyed by Napoleon and cannot hope for even
How History Shows wT Wmf frwFr W one hundred day of restorcd pwcr-'
That William II. Has UJIiO JLttwJN' I -
I the Very Slimmest of hi , - . - - - --.-. , . k
I'; Chances of Ever Re- 1 I
If; gaining the Power He Hfi . (
I Once Reg artier! as jlB fi-
I Absolutely Secure. K'' 1::;J ;:;:.P Jr flk j
i , si! fBB
I Louis XVI. and His Prison.
By Clive Marshall
rT"'HE history of dethroned rulers of the past
j holds no hopr- for Mr William Hohenzollern.
. In the past "000 years scores of kings ha o
been ousted from their thrones never to return.
Let the tinsel which bedecks a king he torn away
and royalty quickly loses its glamor. The trap
pings and power of royalty are never restored.
In all history there are but one or two cases of
kings regaining their thrones, but the circum
stances are so unusual that those exceptions only
prove the rule According to the law of proba
bilities the former Emperor William 11 is coin
)r pletely down and out.
V This verdict of history throws n new light on
the situation in Germany. We still hear some
talk of restoring the dethroned Emperor. At
least one party still remains loyal and hopes to
restore the old dynasty. Where there is so much
f unrest as in Germany at present there is always
1 ' r
Charles I. in the Guard Room of the Tower of London Shortly Before ins Execution.
i - .
stronger than the German Emperor's Napo
j leon received the almost hysterical loyalty
r,f the French army and the French nation,
ijj but for all his genius he lasted for exactly
one hundred days. The chances were hope
lessly against him from the first, nnd he
died an exile at St. Helena. The German
Fmperor never gained the hold upon the popular
imagination enjoyed by Napoleon and cannot hoye
even for a hundred days of restored power.
William's Famous German Predecessor
The world has forgotten the fate of the most
powerful German ruler before William II , but
the parallel is very interesting. Charles V., the
Holy Roman Emperor of Germany. Spain, Naples,
Sicily nnd the Low Countries, failed in the re
ligious wars and lost the confidence of his people.
He was dethroned in 1057 and was obliged to take
refuge in a monastery Despite all his former
power and wraith, his restoration proved a hope
less task and he died almost forgotten.
Still another German Emperor shared tho
same fate. Frederick II., like William II., lost
a war and was deserted by his allies. He fell
even lower than the others and was excommuni
cated by the Pope. He left ln throne in 121."
never to return
But we need not go so far hack to witness an
other German Emperor deprived of power and
wealth. Francis II. of Germany lost most of his
possessions, was severely beaten by Napoleon,
. - - . . . . ' n
i
Louis XVI. with His Family Witnessing
His Deposition.
1
Scene at the Execution of Louis XVI. in the Place de la Concorde, Parish From an Old Engraving.
the chance that many people will become dissat
isfied with conditions and look to the empire as
the lesser evil. The only way to obtain the
proper perspective in judging the situation ii to
examine the lesson of history. And history deals
a sledge hammer blow to all hopes of restoration.
There is of course the obvious comparison be
tween William II. and Napoleon, but the former
Kaiser will find little encouragement in the par
allel. Napoleon returned from exile to resume
his throne and in many ways his position was
1
and was finally declared a bankrupt He laid
down his throne in 1806. By a singular coinci
dence Germany has witnessed the dethronement
of four emperors, all with a curious similarity of
title. Frederick II., William II. and Francis II.
have been dethroned and stayed put, so what
chance has the fourth German Emperor, Will
iam II.?
France has witnessed the exile of several em
perors, all of whom have failed to come back
The case of Charles of Orleans is especially in
teresting. He was captured by the British at
the battle of Agincourt and taken prisoner to
England. The records show that he was treated
with the respect due his rank, but be was obliged
to spend much of his time, nevertheless, in the
Tower of London. Later he was allowed to live
in a certain English country house and to hunt,
but he was kept prisoner for more than twenty
years. Charles has been called the father of
French poetry and it was during the long period
of enforced leisure in England that he gained
N Ml Mnirr IVnturc Service, mill.
much of his reputation. The car" is especially
interesting, since it illustrates how the English
may treat imprisoned royalty. King John II. of
France again was captured at the battle of
Poitiers and brought a nrisoner to England
in 1350.
The tragic end of Louis XVI. of France is, of
course, familiar. Een after the first movement
of thi Revolution Louis seemed .secure on his
throne and was publicly acclaimed by the popu
lace. After his attempt to escape from Paris he
was imprisoned and suffered many indignities be
fore being formally deposed. The point at which
he was guillotined is marked today by an Egyp
tian obelisk on th" Place dc la Concorde, which
has been familiar of late in the photographs of
the American troops in the Parisian parades.
Three Dethroned French Emperors
France has witnessed the dethronement of
three emperors almost within tho memory of men
now living. Charles X. of France, the last of the
Bourbon kings, lost his throne in 1830. He never
returned. In 1848 King Louis Philippe of France
followed him. The case of Napoleon II. is still
fresh in the memory of many peoplo. On his re
moval from the French throne he went to Eng
land where he lived many years and finally died
in exile. His wife, the Empress Josephine, re
turned to Paris after many years and was active
in relief work during the late war.
England prides herself on being able to trace
a long dynasty, but her history contains several
instances of dethroned rulers which also help to
prove the rule.
Edward II. of England, the first Prince of
Wales, was defeated at Bannockburn, imprisoned
and finally killed.
The story of Bonnie Prince Charlie of Scot
land is, of course, familiar. Driven from Scot
land he lived a virtual exile in France, where he
died
The mot famous instance in English history
is the case of Charles I. On losing his throne he
received the treatment of an ordinary prisoner
and was tried, condemned and beheaded before
his palace at Whitehall.
A Shining Exception
The case of James II. is the most striking ex
ample in all the history where a dethroned mon-
arch has been actually restored. James lived a
virtual exile abroad until the death of Cromwell
and the circumstances were such that this excep
tion only served to prove the rule
The end of Alexis II., son of Peter the Great
of Russia, again shows how quickly royalty may
fall from the most exhal'ed position to the low-
The Former Kaiser, Not Looking for
Freedom, but at the Flight of One
of His Aeroplanes.
est. Alexis was tried for treason and condemned
He was reprieved by his father, but ne ertheles 1
died in prison in 1(180.
In more recent times Austria lost Emperor
Ferdinand, who was deposed in favor of hii j
nephew. King Ludwig of Bavaria.
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia was deposed
in 1821
Within the past few years the crop of deposed M
rulers has been especially large all over the world!
Scarcely a year has passed without the news of !
some ruler, great or small, leaving his throne!
never to return.
Spain lost a ruler. Amodeno, in 1S73. King
Milan of Serbia was dethroned in 1889.
A peasant uprising hurled the ruler of Bui- 1
garia from his throne. Alexander of Battenber&l
Prince of Bulgaria, wras ousted in 1886."
Even here in America we have had a mmpara- i
tively recent example in Dom Pedro, the last Eni-I
peror of Brazil, who was dethroned after a blood-1
less revolution in 1889.
il 1919 it will be recalled Abdul Hamid II.,
Sultan of Turkey, was forced to abdicate after I
revolt The Emperor Hsuan Tung of China left!
his throne in 1912 King Manuel of Portugal walB
also dethroned and forced to live in England. I
In 1017 Nicholas II., Czar of Russia, was!
forced by a revolution to resign his throne and!
was shortly afterwards executed. The list might
be continued indefinitely by searching the history 1
of other lands and centuries, but tlu practically 1
unanimous record is everywhere discovered that I
the deposed ruler never "comes back." I
Women of Royal Rank Who Have Become Nuns I
F the rumor is true that the dethroned Grand
I Duchess of Luxemburg intends to seek a
refuge from the world in the cloister, she will
only be following in the steps of many another
roal lady who has turned her back on tho pomp
of palaces and the vanity of life to seek the
peace of the convent.
The Russian Empress Eudoxia spent twenty
years in the nunnery of the "Intercession of the
Blessed Virgin," thankful to scrub floors, and to
fare as poorly as the meanest of her sister-nuns,
to escape from the brutalities of her husband,
Peter the Great. And many a Princess of Rus
sia, according to London Answers, followed Eu
doxia ' behind the veil" before the Grand Duchess
Elizabeth entered a Moscow nunnery a few years
ago, after the assassination of her husband, tho
Grand Duke Sergius.
The widow of the ex-King Miguel, who
reigned six years over Portugal, became a Bene
dictine nun at Solcsmcs a score of years ago; and
when the community was banished from France
she came with the rest of the Sisters to a convent
in the Isle of Wight, where, among other Royal
companions, she has one of her sisters, a princess
of the House of Lowenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg.
It is said that there are today in various Eu
ropean convents more than thirty princesses. 1
member-- of many of the great ruling houses of j
Europe, who are wearing the veils of nuns, and!
are spending their lives in prayer and fasting.
And it is not only prince-sea who thus find an I
escape from the burden of their royalty. In tb
very heart of the Black Forest, in an environ- A
ment of mountains and woods, far remote from jH
the haunts of men, is the Abbey of Seckau, every fl
inmate of w hich is of royal or noble birth Amon? Wk
them are Princes Philip and Constantine of
Hohenlohe, who a few years ago were cuttinf I
splendid figures at the Courts of Europe. Men jH
of brilliant gifts and achievements, they seemed I
to be the spoiled children of fortune when, to
the amazement of the world, they vanished rays- II
tenously to the seclusion of the Black Fore.:, X
one to act as cook, and the other as a porter.
Among others who are engaged in the most
menial offices of the brotherhood arc Prince Ed- 1
ward Schonburg-Hartenstein, once famous as sol
dier and courtier; Count de Afemptinne, Baron I ,
von Oer, one of the chief ornaments of the Court M
of Saxony; Baron von Drais, one of the wealthi- Uj
est and most high-bom of Baden nobles, ar.d
many another noble and prince who have tacn- S?
ficed rank and riches and luxury to lead Spartas M
lives, completely shut off from, the wcrld. 1
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