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changed; lead 7.75c; zinc 8.82c. l ' peraturc.
: . - Q FEARLESS 4 INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER . . ! . Fiftieth Year-No. 2 Price Five cents OGDEN CITYTliTAH, FRIDAY EVENING' JANUARY 2," 1920 1 LAST ED1TION--4 P. mi. I ' ! 85,000 Theusaod Eram- : erators Begin the 14th Deeensiial Count WASHINGTON7, Jan. 2. The four forme; "w leentli decennial census began today Fort 1 -with 85,000 enumerators engaged in ustfqj counting the men. women and children ofUj? of the United States and collecting) jB data on the resources of the nation, j i The census is expected to be complete . -JH ed within two weeks, but the compila-1 ESig tion of tho figures probably will re- quire four months. lrSw Tne Population is estimated at be- bvM tween 107,000,000 and 112,000.000 com- JtalSI paml with 93000'000 111 191- When areTT ' the first census was taken in 1790 dur - 0vjB Ing George Washington's administra te! tion tnQ population was reported at led lhree mil1Ions- -h?Tl3L Washington is. tho-headquartors ot- ilar T I tne census work which is being done ,nvS M : under the supervision of Samuel L. V m Rogers, chief of the bureau. Officials ft ; " here expect to be able to estimate the '75 1 i r population of the larger cities by the mm '. . middle of March, but the returns from the countD' districts will be slower- IjA : Besides the enumeration of persons, jS ! tho census includes the accumulation W ' ' of information on farmers, manufactur- rg : crs, oil and mineral productions. ' I A$ ; . . j, NEW YORK, Jan. 2. Nearly 1000 ) l3 enumerators today commenced thei P task of counting New York's popu lation. The metropolis presents onoj of the greatest problems confronting! A the census bureau, officials said, and , m special attention had been given to W m instructing the enumerators here. The , A n ever-changing population of Manhattan! ;JJ tt island; its ceaseless activity tending dm I io keep persons sought continually out' I reacn f enumerator, and tht ' "vast number of residents of foreign! s'A B birth living in congested districts, add- jS I f d to the normal troubles of the enu- EL nierator. 'W I The census machinery has been soj '.w if perfected here, however, that officials 'Mm predicted that the work would be ac- '2w complished within the time limit set. 9 In selecting the enumerators in New iJI York by competitive examination, pref- , J erence was given to war workers. The MfL force of men and women chosen in Jjl Brooklyn is nearly 100 per cent ex- vD service. 'jil oo l Detzer Continues Mis j Denial of Charges j i of Brutality in War! S NEW YORK. Jan- 2. Captain Karl IWg ' " W. Detzer, court martialed for alleged fjtt'i brutality to prisoners at Lemans, ; t France, where he was commander of a M i military police company, today contin- ; ued his categorical denial of all the V charges 'agalnsL him. II c told tho ; court that lie never struck Private George Williams, as had been asserted 2f by witnesses for the prosecution and S I e also denied beating Private George lg I. Napier. Detzer declared that Napier was first m i arrested in a raid on a camp which' was a rendezvous for disreputable1 women. Napier was struck by Ser ' geant Frank Hoyt after he had at- tempted to strike the sergeant with :, his fist encased in brass knuckles, ac- cording to a .report made to tho cap- ! tain by Hoyt at that time. Hoyt lurn- '. ed the brass knuckles over lo Captain ; Detzer, who said that ho used them as f a paper weight on his desk MB D W orking Mm Freezes H to Death While H Walking to Work Wm, CHICAGO, Jan. 2. With tho H thermometer registering D below zero HfuF t 6 o'clock this morning, an unldentl- Imt lied man was found frozen to death in W" the snow. HV Ho apparently was. walking to work, HS: as a full dinner pail .was found at his Br 'fiidu, ' If' 'Big Explosion Shakes ; Coiiotry Near Willmiag- ton For Miles ' j WILMINGTON, Del., Jan. 2. One of the grinding mills of the Hagley plant of the Dupbnt Powder company blow up this morning. Five workmen were killed and one was injured Wilmington and the surrounding country for thirty miles was violently shaken and some houses in tho imme diate vicinity of the plant were badly damaged. The home of former Federal judge Edward G. Bradford, about half la mile from the mills, was partially wrecked. Judge Bradford, who is re I covering from a long illness, was af fected by the shock. Terrific Explosion Heard. PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 2. A. terrific, explosion at nine o'clockThis morning in the vicinity of Wilmington, Del., shook the country for miles around. Telephone service is Interrupted temporarily. It is reported to have oc curred in the Dupont Powder company mills on Brandywine creek, Wilming ton. Tho force of the blow-up was so great that houses thirty miles away were shaken violently. Later it was learned the explosion was in the Hagley plant of the Du pont company. It is located on the Brandywine three miles from Wil mington. Four years ago an explosion in the same plant killed thirty workmen. Head of the Cereiae Delegation Delays Peace Conference PAItlS. Thursday, Jan. 1. (Havas) Kurt von Lersner, head of the Ger man delegation at Versailles, is ill with a cold and will not be able to confer with Paul Dutasta, secretary of the peace conference, for a few days. Allied delegates and other German representatives today discussed ques tions concerning territories where ple biscites will be held. rr . British Victory at Jetland Due to Valor of the Men Paris, Dec. 15. Captain do Pnrscv.il, of the French navy, who has Just written a book on the Battle of Jutland, says: "Tlio British owed their success to the valor of the sailors, the strength of the chiefs, more than to any niaterlnl super iority because as a matter of fact, thn material at the disposal of tho Britisn admirals was relatively Inferior to that of the Germans." oo Renewed Effort M.ade ' to Read? Lightkeepers I Who are Without Food. NORTH SYDNEY, N. S., Jan. 2. Th Canadian government steamer Montcalm started early today on an other attempt to reach Belle Isle with supplies for tho lightkeepers there who are facing starvation. The Montcalm will try to get to Belle Isle by going around the east coast of New Foundland. ADMIRAL JELLICOE. NEW YORK, Jan. 2. Admiral Jelli coe, retired first lord of tho British admiralty, who lias been making a tour of Canada and mapping out a naval policy for that country, today visited the New York stock exchange as a guest of Charles M. Schwab, chairman of the board of directors of the Bethlehem Steel company. i . CHICAGO, Jan 2. Out at the county 1 jail. In the grizzly dim hour of dawn, an experiment in psychology was tried this morning when two hundred prisoners were forced to witness the hanging of I Rafaelo Durrange, convicted murdered, j Hardened criminals others murderers I and felons whoso expiation i3 not yet the gallows were placed in cells, tier on , tier of which surrounded the square in uhich tho scaffold had been erected. It was tho contention of Sheriff Peters 1 that tho sight of the gruesome trappings, I tho watching of the noose adjustment, tnc I listening to the administration of last rites, tho sound of tho click of tho spring trap and tho jerk of the rope as its slack was snapped up by tho falling body all these would have n most salutory effect upon thoso in whisc life might come fu ture temptations to slay or rob or to burn. And so firmly did the sheriff bclicvu in the efficacy of this Idea that ho per sisted Jn it despite the request from Governor Frank O. Lowdon" that he aban don the plan, and added protests from scores of other persons who thought tho I scheme was unnecessarily brutal. - Stage Set In Death Chamber j Accordingly the stage was set in thd i death chamber. ' Durrange was led forth. The quiet In the death chamber became absoluto for a moment. Then the nose was .slipped over, tho murderer's head. . From one o, the-higher tiers came a strident shout. "When do wo cat?" Tier by tier, cell by cell the cry was taken up. It became a roar above which the warders voices could not bo heard. The trap was spaing. Durran.cc dropped into tho space beneath the scat fold dead. "When do we eat?" was his requiem. Chicago. January 2. Sheriff Peters de clared after the execution that Governor Lowdcn's secretary. Mr. Sutton, tele phoned the jail and asked regarding plans for the hang'lng. hut did not object lo the sheriff's program. jSENATORS PLAN ! COMPROMISE ON j PEACETMEATY WASHINGTON. Jan. 2. Republi can and Democratic lenders of the sen ate gave attention again today to negotiations for a peace treaty com promise, conferring with various mem bers of their respective parties. Senator Lodge, Massachusetts, Re publican leader, sent for Senator Mc Nary, Oregon, leader of the mild reser vation Republican group, and dis cussed with him how far the Republi cans could go in modifying reserva tions approved by the senate majority at the last session of congress. Sev eral other senators also saw Mr. Lodge. On the Democratic side. Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, party leader, conferred with Senator Swanson of Virginia, a consistent supporter of thej administration in the treaty fight, and; Senator King, Utah, who voted for reservations in tho last session. It was understood that the article ten reservation was given the greater tho share of attention by members of both parties and that so far neither sido had advanced a solution which the other would consider favorably. oo Carratiza May Grant Amnesty to Fugitive Mexicans Now Abroad MEXICO CITY, Thursday? Jan. 1. Amnesty may be granted Mexican fu gitives in foreign countries by the government, President Carranza de clared today at the Now Year's recep tion at the palace. The president's statement was in answer to a petition presented by Colone Antonio Jauregul, survivor of tho war of French Interven tion, who asked thnt former federal officers be pardoned for offenses charged against them. Many of these were involved in the revolt of 1933. President Carranza counselled Colo nel Jauregul lo "wait tranquilly" for disposition of the matter. An There is as little nmusement with out fire as without firewater. ' Sheriff Peters' Statement. Sheriff Charles W. Peters later is sued a statement answering critics who opposed his action in permitting prisoners in the jail to witness the hanging as an object lesion. His statement reads as follows: "In my opinion the modern coddling of criminals by well-meaning, but mis guided, sympathetic, theoretical re formers and self constituted organiza tions, is one of the greatest causes of, tho present crime wave in this city Their interference with tho vigorous enforcement of the law has destroyed I I tho fear of punishment by criminals to tho extent that it is no longer a dc-l terrent to the further commission of crime to be incarcerated In our penal institutions. A large number of pris oners openly acknowledged that they would prefor to be incarcerated in the county jail where they are better fed and where sanitary conditions are far better than in their ordinary environ ments. "The reformers are constantly advo-'1 eating) the adoption and enactment of laws which are for the purpose of 'al leviating the punishment of tho crim inal, forgetting and losing entire sight of the protection that the law abiding and peaccablo citizen is entitled to as1 against these human parasites- "If one-half of the energy now spent in sympathy on murderers and crimi nals would be devoted to the families of the victims and the other ha(4tflL bringing To "'justlSo (he brutes who have blotted out the lives of law abid ing and peaceful citizens and darken ed forever the lives of others, this would bo a happier and safer world to live Mn." Before the execution the receiver of the only telephone connecting the jail with the outr-ido world was removed from its hook in Jailer Davis' office. It was reported that this nction was taken to prevent a possible reprieve of the condemned man at the last min ute. When asked for an explanation Jailer Davis smiled and said: "I can't say why it was done. You see the telephone is out of order." PEACE TREATY CONSTANTINOPLE, Tuesday, Dec. 23. Mustapha Rusti Pasha, former foreign minister, Nabi Bey, former Turkish ambassador lo Italy and a member of the committee which has been preparing data for submission to the peace conference, will, with for mer Grand Vizier Tewfik Pasha, form Turkey's delegation to make peace with tho allies. Tewfik Pasha will head the delegation. WIDESPREAD TERROR. CONSTANTINOPLE, Tuesday, Dec. 23. There was widespread terror throughout Turkey on December 17 bc causo of reports reaching this country from America that the end of the world was predicted for that day. Chil dren were not sent to school, largo numbers of people were afraid to leave their homos and many Armenian and Turkish women became Insane. oo ; Reason for Decline of Liberty Bonds Given SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Jan. 2. "Daily quotations on Liberty bonds which, at present, show them below par, have nothing to do with the ma turity value of the bonds and of no interest to the ordinary bond holder," Governor John U. Calkins of tho San Francisco federal reserve bank de clared here today, "The United S'.ntes government will redeem every Liberty bond at its maturity date at face value plue accrued interest." The reason for tho decline in the prico of the government securities is thnt tho speculators, anxious to win higher returns on riskier investments, have thrown their Liberty bonds on the market, while subscribers who, 1n some cases, hnvo found difficulty in completing payments, have lot go of largo blocks of tho bonds. The dally quotations on Liberty bonds reflect the action of these forces which fix market values. Market values, however, have nothing whatever to do with real values. Kitchens for 150,000 Children Closely Guard ed from Pilferers NEW YORK, Jan. 2. Famine condi tions in Vienna are so acute that chil dren's relief kitchens have to be; guarded closely to protect them from 1 pilfering, according to a copy of the newspaper Morgen just received here. Rigorous rules have been made I against taking fcod away from kilch- iens where children are brought by their mothers to bo fed. The newspaper says 105,000 children in Vienna aro fed daily in kitchens es tablished by the American relief ad ministration's European children's ,funiL , The dally valuo of meals served by this fund thi-oughout Austria is es timated at 2,100,000 crowns. oo PROHIBITION IN ITALY. ROME, Jan. 2. Prohibitionists claim their first notable achievement in Italy in the issuance of a decree by which the sale of liquor containing more than 20 per cent of alcohol will be permitted only between 8 o'clock in the morning and 3 o'clock in the after noon on week days and until -1 o'clock p. m. on Saturdays. Sales must cease at noon on Sundays and are complete ly prohibited on holidays. oo Seize Several Thousand Poiieds in Cash and Money Orders LIMERICK, Ireland, Jan. 2. The Limerick postofflce was raided about midnight last night by twenty masked and armed men who seized several thousand pounds in cash and money orders. Tho postofflce staff, number twelve persons, was held up until the pillage was completed oo Weber County Obtains Money n Road Bonds Of a total of one half million dol lars obtained from the sale of state road bonds about S22.000 has been transferred to Wober county. Tho ap portionments for tho other countlos follow: Beaver, 510,000; Box Elder, ?-10,000; Cache, S15.000; Carbon, S12.000; Dag gett, $2000; Davis, $15,000; Duchesne, $10,000; Emory, SG.000; Garfield, $4, 000; Grand, S21.000; Iron, $21,000; Juab, S3,000; Kano, 52,000; Millard, $6,000; Salt Lake, $40,000; San Juan, $20,000; Sanpete, $10,000; Sevier, $35, 000; Summit, $12,000; Tooele, $2,000; Utah, $50,000; Washington,' $3,000; warehouse contingent, $12,000; equip ment, $11,000; Lincoln highway, $1,000; Wasatch, $15,000. Total $411,-000, Will Grew mi -Save I LONDON, Jan. 2. On the eve of his return to Copenhagen to resume the pris on exchange negotiations with Mux'm Litvjnoff, the Bolshevik representative, James O'Grady told the Mirror corre spondent that he believed the pourparlers would be successful and the repatriation of British prisoners and British civilian residents In soviet Russia would be ci fected by the end of January. Mr. O'Grady said his consultations since ids return from Copenhagen would oit materially In bringing about a settlc- ment. He expressed it as his opinion ' that Russia would save herself if left ' alone. "She is now like a child groping in the dark, but she la growing up," he declared. "Russia will regenerate herself by her oy.Ti resources. I believe she will bccon the America of another new world. The soviet government today Is far more hu manitarian, far saner and far more statesmanlike than- tho soviet government of a year ago.- Atrocities, of course, air. being committed by the' Asiatic, but I know that when the perpetrators arc adjudged guilty they arc csctcrmlnatea. Mr. O'Grady strongly opposed annea intervention In Russia, Saying it woulu be a. delusion to build hopes on Admirai Kplchak and General Dqnlklnc, both of whose armies, ho added, wero beaten and broken. - . ,- i No Peace Vith Denikine. DORPAT, Thursday. Jan. 1. Bol shevik Russia is willing to make great concessions to the big powers in the interests of peace but will not hold out the olive branch to General Deni kine, according to M. Klishke, secre tary of the soviet delegation conferring with Eslhonian delegates here. "A year ago we would have consid ered peace with General Denikine." he said, "but now it is a fight to the fin ish." M. Klishke said that the Bolshevik army now numbered about 3,000,000 men and declared it to be "invincible." Esthonians Score Success. DORPAT, Thursday, Jan. 1. Study of the agreement signecfby Esthonian and Bolshevik representatives last night preliminary to an armistice, par ticularly the military guarantees, indi cate the Esthonians have scored a Promisiesit Speakers Discuss Foreign Missionary Work DES MOINES, la., Jan. 2. Just what the Christian churches of the United States and Canada is demand ing of students in the two countries was expnined today by several speak ers at the convention of the Student's 'Volunteer Movement for Foreign Mis sions here. Dr. James I. Vance of Nashville, Tenu., told of one of the demands and how it is being met. Dr. James Endicott of Toronto, Canada, discussed the Canadian sido of the question, while Mrs. F. S. Bennett of Now York, president of the board of homo missions of the Presbyterian church, spoke on the subject from the ! viewpoint of women. Dr. J. Camp 1 bell of New York, connected with the inter-church world movement, also spoke. This afternoon the convention delp gates met in sections and heard va rious phases of mission work discuss ed. The sections were divided under the heads of agricultural, educational, medical and evangelistic, j Non-Christian religions, their work and their failures will be the subject for the general meeting of tho con vention tonight. no l Foreign Nations Send Greetings to Pres. Wilson WASHINGTON, Jan. 1 Now Year's greeting from the heads of a number of foreign governments were received to day by President Wilson. Messages came from England, Belgium, Luxem burg, Sweden, Italy and several other European countries and from most of the South American republics. The president spent more than two hours in his wheelchair on the south portico of the White House and ale a moderate meal in his roonu notable success. The biggest surprise jH of the guarantees was that the 13 s- thanians would not be required, to eject soldiers who fought under Gen- eral Yudenitch in his recent campaign against Pctrograd until after ratifica- IH lion of the treaty. Il Bolshevik representatives admit tH they made great concessions as to fH frontiers and military guarantees, M. Joffe, head of the soviet delegation, declaring: "I far exceeded the latitude allowed by the Moscow government and expect to be called to account when I return but we have shown we are able to make peace." Military Guarantees. jH The military guarantees prohibit the presence on territory of either soviet Russia or Esthonla and armies other H J than their own or friendly powers with which one of the contracting parties has concluded a military convention, but which is not actually warring against the other. Recruiting and or ganizing armies of other states and other organizations hostile to either side is prohibited. It is provided that all troops hot under the authority of cither govern ment on January 1, 1019, shall 6c dis- H armed and that all army and navy mu- ! Initions and stores excepting foodstuffs iand clothing belonging to such forces MMM shall be neutralized andimniooillzeu runtll Janunry-'l, 1922-Fhirty- per cent jMMM of such disarmament and neutraliza tion of stores of non-goernment char- MMM acter must be completed within 30 day.i after the ratification of the peace J treaty and thirty per cent of the re mainder must be completed each week following ratification. jH Non-Government Armies. Soldiers and officers in non-govern-mental armies mny not enter the arm ics of either of the contracting parties with the exception that men of Ejtho rnian nationality may enter the Estho- 'H nian army. Use of ports in either E? thonia or soviet P.ussia is forb'dden for the transport of goods' which bo used against the other. The agree ment stipulates that organization may not be formed in cither Esthonia or soviet Russia undor the pretense that such organization ir the government of all or part of the territory or either ! party. In case of international neu- mMM tralization of the Gulf of Finland, both parties agree to joint the convention. President of Germany Issues a New Year's Manifesto to People BERLIN, Thursday, Jan. 1, Presi dent Ebert requested the chancellor to publish the following New Year manifesto today: "In the year just ended chaos was averted and the unity of the envplro wns maintained and consolidated Un- fl der pressure of a reckless force wc were (compolled to conclude a peaco threatening the honor and welfare of our nation and placing tho fruits of our work of past and future years at the mercy of foreigners. "The year which begins must decide , whether Germany, despite all difflcul ;ties. will maintain herself as a nation 'and state and develop her economic mm life on a sound basis or whether, through internal quarrels sho will def inltely collapse and bury the hopes, even of her future generation. 'H "With these prospects of our fate before my eyes I urge all those calling themselves Germans, in view of tho common danger, to close their ranks 'M in order that each one, according to 'M his capacity, may help to the utmost in the restoration of the fatherland." lOemenceau Fears to ' I Again Represent the I Department of War I DRAGUIGNAN, France, Thursday, jH Jan. 1. (Havas) Premier Clemen ceau declared today he could noi con 'mM tinue to represent tho department of war in the chamber of deputies, adding that "after the effort of the past year I would bo loath to start again on a task with a fear that my strength fail me before It could be accomplished." "Everything is not finished with our iH victory," he continued. "We must still accomplish formidable work de mnnding patience for which Franco mav bo Incapable. I will always nave ;mmm a duty to perform though I have ceas- 'Mmw ed to be a member of parliament." . mm mmm