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B ' mony 8.75c: lead 7.87c. spelter 9.12c. j . i'' -ty tonight.
M I Q FEARLESS 43 INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER I i : : : I IB Fiftieth Year-No. 4 Price Five cents " " QGDEN CITY,. UTAH, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 5, 1920 LAST EDITION4 P. M. . j. A. J. AA. &4&4& I FHUS 2,75 BEEH I IS DOOMED IMH I SUPREME DECISION I Court Divided 5 to 4 on Opin I ion Delivered by Justice I Brandeis IH UPHOLDS RIGHT TO I SUPPRESS LIQUORS i Dissenting Juror Declares That II j Government Has No Power II To Prohibit II WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. The l : supreme court today declared cou-j stitutional sections of the Yol- I! stead prohibition enforcement act II ; prohibiting the manufacture and I ' sale of "beer, wine or other in- II tosicating malt or vineous li l ' quors," containing one-half o one II per cent or more of alcohol. It : Beer containing 2.75 per cent of I alcohol is illegal under the war I time prohibition act, the supreme I court decided. I ; Dismissal Sustained. r Dismissal by the lower court in New York of injunction proceed- Iinsrs brought to restrain govern ment 'officials fsom interfering with Jacob R.nppert,i breA'.erin. ike manufacture of beer contain ing approximately 2.75 per cent alcohol, but alleged to be non-intoxicating, was sustained. Associate Justice Brandeis, who rendered the opinion of the court, said the right of congress to suppress the liquor traffic was not an implied power, but a power expressly granted. The court divided, 5 to 4, Asso- cialc Justices Diry, Vandevcnter and McReynolds dissenting. Rights Arc Upheld. Under the war emergency con gress has a right to stop immedi ately the sale of intoxicating li quor, the court held. Justice McReynolds in a dis senting opinion, said that the eighteenth amendment had not yet come into effect and that the federal government had no gen eral power to prohibit the manu facture and sale of liquor. Justice McReynolds took the position that the war emergency - under which national prohibition 1 was made effective had passed. ; 1JEB STIES IT I 1SUP11CBKL Ambassador Wallace Present ' as Observer President i Wilson is Final Arbiter ! PARIS, Jan. 5. Hugh Wallace. Amor- lean ambasador to France, has nsked the ' supreme council to precede future du- clsions of the council with the formula "allied powers," instead of "allied and associated powers," which has been usco in the past, according to the Echo dc Parls- "This." says the newspaper. mar.ta the determination of the United SUVea not to participate officially in decisions to be reached In Paris. Washington. while declining the responsibilities of tho Eupreme council continues to be repre sented at its sessions. How can Mr. i Wallace's rolo be defined? Ho Is not a r plenipotentiary. Witness or onservers u, the accepted term.'" Washington Kept Informed Pleasure at the presence of an Amer ican representative who will keep Wash ington informed an to events until the United States delegates rcsumo th.ilr places on the council, is expressed by the newspaper, which says: "Nothing can bo definitely concludeo without Presidents Wilson's assent be forehand. So the council Is supreme only ".n name. Supremacy belongs to Sir. Wilson, who Inhabits, not the White ITou30, but Mount Olympus. Dilemma Will Arlce 2 "U is inevitable that a dilemma will &V arise. The Un I flail States will be obliged M to bike responsibilities corresponding to W her action, or sho will renounce this rolo. . ' . A wmm claim FI LIST in PROBE CONDUCTED j Leading Chicago Department Stores Do Rushing Business, Inquiry Shows PRICE OF CLOTHSNG NOW JUST DOUBLE . Cost of Man's Suit Is Fixed at $24.50 by the Committee j CHICAGO, Jan. 5. Investigation J of the "fair price" list for clothing j issued. by the Illinois fair price com mittee and which out-of-town mer-' .chants declare is lower than the whole-1 salo price, has revealed a buslnes.n deal .whereby leading Chicago depart ment stores have done a rushing busi ness In cheaper grades of clothing. Tho clothing fair price committee composed of five big officials of the downtown department stores and one voprescntative of the suburban dealers, frankly admit that clothing cannot bo bought in the wholesale market todav I at the "fair price" set for retailors. The committee fixed the fair price for men's suits and overcoats at $4:50dmehV-3Trrre'-ar ?l5;fa,c"mff'g" and women's hose at twenty-five cents a pair, and other articles on a cor-: responding scale. J The big downtown stores have com plete lines of clothing on sale in their "subway" sections at tho prices fixed and have been doing a rushing busi ness. Fair Price "Unfair." When merchants from many sections complained that the "fair price" list; was unfair, that it made them appear to be profiteers, and that they could not buy clothing at wholesale for the committee's retail price, t,he Chicago dealers explained. The clothing on sale here was all purchased many months ago, none be ing bought within the past six months. Tho men's suits, for example, are of two classes, cotton and wool mixtures and all wool shoddy. When the merchants agreed on ho "fair price" list each placed a complete line of this class of clothing on salo,! regardless of tho wholesale cost. After the present supplies are exhausted noj more will be available, it is said. j Reason for Prices. "The big buying power of stores here, combined with the fact that they I carry very large stocks mado this j price list possible," according to D, F.I Kelly, manager of one of the biggest Chicago department stores, and act ing chairman of the fair prico com mittee. "The merchants in smaller cities arc right when they say they cannot buy now at wholesale prices as low as our fair price list We couldn't either. We fixed this list and made a special drive for the man and woman who wantB low-priced clothing. Clothing Price Doubles. j "The cheapest wool suit, moderately well tailored on sale in the regular clothing departments today is priced at $50. The average well dressed busi ness man cannot be outfitted for less than $75 or $85 for a suit. The suits! wo are selling at $24.50 would have re-1 tailed at $16 in 1914, showing an in crease of about 50 per cent since be for the war. The suits that sell today for $50 'would have sold at $25 before the war." Members of the "fair prico" com mittee besides Mr. Kelly are John T. Pierie, George Lytton, John O'Connor and Dudley Palmer, representing Chi cago business district stores and Irv ing Klein, representative of the su burban dealers. I nn Industrial Relations Court to Be Created TOPEKA, Kan., Jan. 5. Industrial legislation, including the creation of a court of industrial relations, is the principal business before an extra ses sion of the Kansas legislature here to day. The bill proposing the industry relations, court confer de powers upon the body and has been con demned by labor leadors as anti-strike legislation. It Is hoped this absurd situation may V arranged by speedy ratification f the treaty, according to the pro,7rnm of Sen ator I-Odge, followed by rot urn ot Amn lcu to her rightful placo in the settle ment of "European affairs." Battle Begun To Save Utah's Auto Owners Huge Sum Ogden automobile, owners a.re watching with Interest the fight that was begun in Salt Lake today to reduce the cost of gasoline in Utah. The Utah Automobile association has petitioned for a reduction of rates on gasoline and other refined petroleum products shipped to Salt Lake, Ogden and Provo. This petition will be heard t5- , gether with additional evidence by Fl. T. Eddy of the Interstate com merce commission, who Is in Salt Lake. The automobile association eff'r cials declare that auto owners of the state will be saved $500,000 a year If the petition for more equit able rates is granted. smk con DEGiDES 1 NOTE jm mm, Demand for Reparation Be lieved Reduced to About 275,000 Tons j PARIS, Jan. 5. Tho supreme coun-1 cil this morning formally decided on! the wording of tho nolo to the German delegation confirminr tho verbal state ment regarding the indemnity for the' Scapa Flow . sinkings made to Baron von Lersner by Secretary Duta3ta of the peace conference. It is understood that this note virtually reduces the demand for reparation from 100,000 tons to about 275.000 lo'ns of dock and harbor materials. This note will be delivered at the same time that the protocol is signed. Tho signing of the protocol and the exchange of ratifications of the peace troaty now depend, it is stated, upon the answer of the Berlin government to the German delegates hero on ques tions concerning the arrangements for the plebiscites provided for by the treat y. It appears certain therefore that these important formalities can not take placo tomorrow as had been originally Intended. The question of commercial rela tions between Turkey and the Central j powers after the exchange of ratifi cations of tho treaty of Versailles was 'discussed by the council at the ruorn Ung session and it was decided that the status created by the armistice should continue until peace was signed with Turkey. The armistice terms prohibit such relations. oo Pres. Wilson to Send j Jackson Day Message i WASHINGTON. Jan 5. President Wil son Tvill send "an important word of greeting" to the Democratic dinner ou Jackson Day, January 8. it was announc ed today at the "While Houso. No Information was available at the White House as to the form the pre.-.i-pent's message would take. Secretary Tumulty declined to amplify the bard announcement that It would be an "im portant word." Thero waa a wide conjecture as to whether tho president would discuss the I third term question. On this White I Hons officials were silent, but some of ; the president's' friends have insistca ! throughout that he would not be a can I dldato under any circumstances. They regard it as probable that he will make j this clear In his message. Mail Planes Blazing Way for the Service CHICAGO, Jan. 5. Two de Havi-land-i mail planes left Chicago at 8:30 o'clock this morning for Omaha, Neb., to blaze tho trail for regular service west. Tho planes will stop at Iowa City about 10:30 for gasolene and oil. They ar di in Omaha shortly after noon. Pilots Nutter and Smith are in eharga. Tlegular majl scrvico from Chicago to Omaha will be commenced January S. No mail is being carried on the trial trip this morning. ARRESTED RADlGftLS LMIW BATTLE TO EVADE DEPflRTM Lawyers Hired in Cities Where Government Made Raid on Reds ELLIS ISLAND NOW CROWDED TO LIMIT i What to Do With U. S. Citi-i zens Seized in Raids Is Present Problem WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. Radicals taken in tho government raids on the communist and communist-labor par-, ties have all machinery set for fighting! desperately against deportation, it wa-?' announced today at the department ot justice. Lawyers have been engaged jin practically every city where raids were made and officials predicted they would take advantage of every tech nicality until their clients actually i were aboard vessels bound for their native lands. In view of this information Assistant Attorney General Garvan gftTq "fhstruc tions to spoed the work of pompfetinc thechhln7fitirclr "Tibpcs "fib"" niake deportations certain. Habeas corpus proceedings will bo employed In a majority of the cases, Mr. Garvan believed. Tho two parties which the depart ment is attempting to disperse, are I known' to have a "slush fnnd," he de l clarcd, -and largo amounts of this have ibcen made available for legal defense land ball. i More Arrests Made. ! i Reports of more arrests dribbled in ( to the department today. ' Although nearly 5,000 persons have i been arrested since tho latest radical Iraid was started last Friday night, de jpartmeut of justice agents ovor tho j country today still were seeking mem bers of the communist and communist labor organizations who thus far had escaped the general dragnet. Apparently New York and Chicago were the chief centers of activity. Sev eral hundred warrants were yet to be served in the metropolis. Island Is Crowded. Nearly 3,000 of those arrested have been held for deportation proceedings and because of the congestion now at Ellis Island, all of them cannot be con centrated there. At' tho bureau of im migration it was said that if army and navy branches at thoi sland were re moved there would be ample room to concentrate all of the alien radicals who might be deported. Immigration officials would not discuss reports that they would ask the war department 'for the use of either Camps Mills or Upton, New York, as a concentration camp. Palmer Urges Action. J Congress had before it today the rc- quest of Attorney General Palmer thatj it take prompt action on a bill pro- posed by him several months ago and 'designed to enable tho government to, ideal with citizens found to be en-! gaged in radical activities. There Is ! no federal law under which they can ! bo dealt with. j Hundreds of citizens were taken iuj the raids Friday and Saturday andj these must bo turned over to the state authorities for trial. NEW YORK, Jan. 5. Gregory Weinstcin, chief of stuff for Ludwig C. A. K. Martens, self-styled ambass ador to the United States of tho Rus slau soviet republic, was arrested on. a deportation warrant today by agents of tho department of justice. Wein stein, according to department of justice officials, is tho most influential Russian communist, next to Martens, in America. Students Organizing For World Monumeef DES MOINES, la., Jan. 5 For the purpose of further organizing students In tho universities and colleges of the United States for service among stu dents and universities of foreign countries in the "world movement against alcohol" tho Intercollegiate Prohibition association held its bien nial national convention and oratori cal contest her today. Resolutions were presented outlin ing a program for immediate temper ance work in foreign colleges desiring American aid and raising a fund of $1, 000,000 with which to carry on the I work. ', Lettish Soldiers Break Bolshevik Front; Take Booty COPENHAGEN, Jan. 5. Dis patches from Riga today declare that the Lettish troops have broken the Bolshevik front along the Dvlna. Numerous prisoners have , been taken together with much booty, It Is asserted. Two divisions of Letts, supported by Baltic landwehr, attacked the Bolsheviki on a vide front, the die patches say. Very heavy fighting followed, resulting In a penetration of the Bolshevik positions on the first day. The attack was pressed, the red IIne3 pierced and the Dvina crossed. The advance continues, the Bolsheviki retreating rapidly. i SIPS FLOW GIF .RESULT OF JUTLAND JELLICOE DECLARES .EirsfenSea-Lord of Britich Ad miralty Is On Visit to . America WASHINGTON, Jan. .Viscount Jellicoe, of Scapa, first sea lord of tho British admiralty who arrived here yesterday from New York, began a round of official visits today as the guest of the nation. Immediately af ter breakfast he called on Secretary Deniols at the navy department and later met newspapor correspondents to whom he expressed grateful apprecia tion of the cordial reception given him in the United States. Lord Jellicoe was asked what he now regarded as the outstanding re sult from a naval standpoint of the battle of Jutland. The admiral hesi tated and said: "Scfipa Flow." From the navy iepartment Viscount Jellicoe was taken to the great naval gun factory at tho navy yard here where he saw some of the largest na val rifles in the world in tho making. He was accompanied by Rear Admiral Nlblack, who has been designated as his aide, and other high naval officials. After the .visit Viscount Jellicoe and the party were entertained at luncheon by Rear Admiral Grant, commandant of the yard. In the afternoon the distinguished guest was to visit the senate and house of representatives and later to have tea with Assistant Secretary Roosevelt and dinner with Secretary of the navy and Mrs. Daniels. The ; dinner was to be followed by a reception- Archaeologists Find I Great Aztec Pyramid MEXICO CITV. Saturday, Jan. 3. DIscovory nt Tcotlhuacan of a third pyr amid greater than thoso to tho sun and moon, which have long puzzled archool ogists. and rivalling these of Egypt lb announced here. Experts who have been Investigating ruins of forgotten civiliza tions near this city believe that In the now pyramid may be found relics whlcn will be Invaluable in the study of tliu ages of tho Tollecs. Archcologlsts have for many decadoa been Interested In tho two great pyranidis at Teotihuaoan. a town 27 miles nortr. ! east of Mexico City, tlio name of whlcn ) means "City of tho goda." In the Aztec j tongue. Tho origin of those pyramids is unknown. They wore, however, used a.i burial places, and In many ways re semble tho pyramids of Egypt. oo Coal Dealers Begin Marking Up Prices e CHICAGO, Jan. 5. Chicago coal dcaloars who last Saturday appealed to President Wilson for permission to Increase their groBS margins fixed by tho fuel administrator, today began chargrlngr the increase Trhll vraitinjf for the president's reply. Tho dealers nolifiod all customers that coal billed out would be marked up 15 cents a ton. HUB READY TO TIKE UP ISS OF VITAL MATTERS Treaty of Peace Between U. S. and Germany To Be Acted On SENATE AND HOUSE TO WORK TILL FALL Railroad and Leasing Bills Await Action at Hands of Congress WASHINGTON. Jan. 5. Rctuiing o work today after two weeks rest congre5b began one of the busiest sessions In his tory. In addition to numerous domestic matters, thero are international qucs- I tlons of far-reaching Import that must be j ' settled including the treaty of pcaco j with GcrmanJ- and Austria, j Adjournment was not expected before fall and the only break, in the long so- slon that members can look forward to Is ! the brief recess that will be taken in ! coincidence with tho holding of the na , tlonal party conventions during tho sumnlQi. ; rtoaidos the treaties with Germany and L with Austria. International problems to J be considered at the resumed session lr- t elude tile proposed.. alliance with Fran::, tho Panama canal settlement with Colom bia, troallos with Poland and possibly ; Turkey and numerous measures dcallpf? : with the war changed conditions of ' American commercial and financial rein j tlons abroad. Important domostic legislation a waling ! actions Includes tho railroad bill and tho ' oil. gas and phosphate land leasing" ttxil. ! both of which arc now in conference. army re-organization, shipping lcgls'-H-I tlon. control of undesirable aliens and on I scores of other subjects. Many Investi ! gatlons also have been arranged for b;, both tho senate and house. Among them will bo inquiries Into the Mexican situa ; tlon, Bolshovist activities, coal situation. ' federal trade commission, war expendi ! lures and the Ford-Newberry election. ! Meets at Noon. I Congress met promptly at noon to I day after a two weeks' recess over j the holidays, with the treaty of Ver sailles still the foremost of the great j array of subjects with which the na ; tional lawmakers were expected to ideal before adjournment, probably just before the presidential election next j November. ; Private conferences Initiated during i the holidays looking to some sort of a compromise in the treaty fight were I continued ajd renewal of debate on I the senate floor was expected nt any jtlme. No concrete plan under which 1 tho senate would resume formal con sideration of the subject had been (agreed upon, however. ! In the senate today the sedition 'bill of Senator Sterling, Republican, South Dakota, had the right of way. " i Election of Laborite is Blow to Coaliiira LONDON. Jan. 5 Great Britain's coalition government suffered thej worst blow as yet dealt it in the elec tion of Tom Myers, Laborite, over Sir John Simon, Liberal, in the parliamen tary by-election in the Spen valley dis trict of Yorkshire, according to nows papers opposing tho cabinet. Even the Daily News, although it supports official Liberals like Sir John Simon, urges that Liberal candidates be elim inated in contests whore Laborite suc cess seems probable, adding: "The principal task of the electors is to got rid of the coalition." Significance is seen in tho Spen val ley result by ,all newspapers here which point to many indications of growing Laborite strength Conserva tive and coalition journals whilo rec ognizing remarkablo progress by tho Labor forces, profess to see a current 'against the present government rather j than iq tho direction of a general elec tion. oo Oliver J. Grimes Secretary of Road SALT LAKE, Jan. 6. Tho appoint ment of Oliver J. Grimes as secretary of tho Salt Lako and Denver railroad, the new corporation organized by Governor Bambergor and others to give transporta- SCORES KILLED AS I MEXICO IS HOCKED BY GREAT TREMOR Ten States Shaken and Villages are Destroyed By Big IH Upheaval OPERA HOUSE SCENE OF GREAT TUMULT Volcanic Eruption Is Feared on Canary. Islands, Spain Reports MEXICO CITY, Jan. 5. Ten states were shaken by the earthquake which jH on Saturday night destroyed at least ! two Villages and caused many deaths in the state of Vera Cruz. These states wore Mexico, Puebla, Vera Cruz, Oax aca, Guerrero, Morelos, Jalisco, Tlax cala, Hidalgo and Queretaro. They stretch from the Isthmus of Tehaun tepee in a northwesterly direction H nearly 500 miles and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Iteports received up to 11 o'clock last night indicated the center of tho seismic convulsion was in the neigh borhood of Mount Orizaba, a volcano situated about seventy miles west o. Vera Cruz "on the line between the states of Vera Cruz and Puebla. It was in that neighborhood that tho most serious damage was done. 1 Village 'Destroyed. Tcocelo, a village 35 miles northeast of the volcano, has been virtually de stroyed and a similar fate befell Couztlan, a small hamlet in that neigh- borhood. Wires were torn down by jH violence of the tremor and only frag- montary reports have reached, this H city, but it is stated there were many H casualties in both towns. Many houses and churches in Ja lapa, a city about ifty miles north west of Vera Cruz, were damaged, while reports from Orizaba, a city ten miles south of the volcano, state that iH several business blocks and churches nearthq center of tho town Tvere crack'ed. In the suburbs of Orizaba 'H the shock was very severe, many per- sons being reported killed beneath H their wrecked houses. The shock 'H came during a performance at the :H theater at Orizaba and panic-stricken people leaped from the balconies into ll the pit. No one was killed but many were injured. Many Shocks Felt. Fifteen shocks were experienced at iH Cordoba, a city ten miles cast of Orl- il zaba where eleven were distinctly felt. .H First reports received here stated that the tremor centered at Acambaro, a town near Teluca. about 25 miles south r west of Mexico City, but more recent advices stated the shocks were not se- vere there. ll While telegrams last night from the pfl state of Vera Cruz, where the earth- quake was "more severe, stated that i scores had perished. Accurate esti- lH mates of the casualties cannot bo fl made as yet. Il Big Eruption Feared. MADRID, Jan. 5 Earthquake IH shocks were felt in the interior of tho lH Canary islands yesterday, according to f dispatches from Las Palnias. Great 4H crevices were opened in the earth aH from which columns of smoke are Is- jH suing. A volcanic eruption is feared. JH oo llH James B. Reynolds H Resigns Old Position jH CHICAGO. Jan 5. James C. Reynolds of Massachusetts, secretary of the R - iH i publican national commltteo slncb 101. jB has rcsUncd. it was announced lod-n, to take the management of the campaign of Govornor C. Coolidgo. of Maosachu- jM setts, for the nomination of presides. The roslpnatlon is. effective January 1'. Tho announcement .from central wc3t- JH cm headquarters of tho Republican n- tional commltteo .said It was oxpoctc-1 fH that Clarence B. Miller of Minneapolis. iH for ten .-ears a member of congress from jH tho Duluth district, would be mado acting secretary. Ho would assume all of .Mr. Reynolds' duties until the national cor.' mil tee takes formal action. "Jlmmlo" Roy'nolds. factotem of ih? national committee for years, will op-n Governor Coolldgo's campaign hcndqtiR! ters In Washington. Mr. Miller has been engaged for. seven I flB months in special woik at Washington for the national committee. He last rep resented the Duluth district in the Sixty- fifth congress. fl tlon facilities to tho Uintah basin, was causo yestorday for congratulations on il the part of his many friends In the ciy and stato. iH Mr. Orlmes bocamo secretary to Gov ornor Bamberger, a post which ho now holds, on September 1, 131S, succeeding Major r. V. Fitz Gerald, who was Utah's ll draft executive. Prior to that time Mr. Grimes had for five years boen a ?v- jB porter, special writer and mining editor of The Tribune. il