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J"" TODAY'S METAL PRICES jj A f V H T llf HTV H WEATHER FORECAST "
. ill NEW YORK Copper W4c; iron unchanged; anti- I K L IB L I L K iji E 1 1 1 S II 4 l 1 Q 1 Weather Judications for Ogden and Vicinity: k V money 10 25c zinc 9 20c. JM 'V kX ! V & (7 'V W W 'V W Fair tonight and probably Sunday; warmer In south JM J M '. ' O FEARLESS 4 INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER portion tonight., 'IE la Fiftieth Year-No, o. Price -Five cents OGDEN CITY, UTAH, SATURDAY" EVENING,J ANUARY 10, 1920 LAST EDITION 4 P. M. A" I THIHTEEW RiATIDNS .951 AGAIN 01 FRIENDLY 51 TERMS WITH HI. I United States Only One of Big I Five Not To Ratify the . v u m Document W MANY COMMISSIONS 2d 1 TO TAKE UP DUTIES 1 Reparation Bureau Will Carry M Out Most of the Work of B Treaty Details , i PARIS, Jan. 10. The treaty "of Ver sailles, making peace between Ger many and the ratifying allied powers, was put into effect at -1:15 o'clock this afternoon by the exchange of ratifi cations. Tho German peace treaty protocol was signed by Germany's representa tive here today preliminary to the cer emony of exchanging ratifications put ting the treaty Into effect. Baron Kurt von Lersner, the head of tho German mission, nffixed his sig- nature to the protocol at -1:09 o'clock. Peace Is Restored. Peaceful relations between Germany and most of the nations engaged in the great war with her were established by the action taken at Paris today. The peace treaty now goes into effect as between Germany and those pow ers that have finally ratified It Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan, Belgium. Bolivia, Brazil, Guatemala, Peru, Po land, Siam, Czecho-Slovakla- and Uru guay. Tho United States alone of the "big five" has not ratified the treaty. As tho list shows, formal ratifications have been given by most of the small- er powers signatory to the treaty. Chi L na did not sign the document because of ncr objections to tho Shantung pro visions but proclaimed a state of peace with Germany. Germany Ratifies. The nil-important ratification by Germany was given on July 9, 1919, the day following which President Wilson presented the treaty to the United States senate. The long interval between the as sembling of tho peace delegates at Paris on January 18, 1919, and the signing of tho treaty was occupied with almost daily conferences on its provisions among the representatives of the nations which had been at war J with Germany and had broken rela tions with her, the principal parts be ing taken by delegates of France, Great Britain. Italy, Japan and tho t'nited States. The first important work completed was the drawing up of the covenant of the league of na-i tions which was finished on'February til- The German representatives rc-j ceived the treaty on May 7. Peace Terms Defined. I The treaty not only defines the S tains the league of nations covenant J " and tho provisions for the interna I tional labor organization. The docu I ment comprises fifteen parts with nu 1 mcrous annexes. It provided that as soon as it had been ratified by Ger-! many and three of the principal al ' lied and associated powers a process verbal of the deposit of ratifications should be drawn up, from the date of which the treaty would come Into 1 force as between the powers which had ratified it Tho treaty will en-j ter into force for each other power at the date of the deposit of its rati fication. ' Sinking of Vessclc M In October last a sufficient number n of powers had ratified tho treaty to ' comply with the requirements for its i effectiveness. Because of tho sinking! D ; of the interned German warships by H British officers and crews at Scapa Flow, however, and tho failure of the . Germans to live up to some of the IWm armistice terms, the nllies on Novem- her 1 demanded that before tho treaty, wa3 put Into effect Germany should I Hi sign a protocol providing for repatria-l mi tion for tho destruction of tho war-1 uhlps aud guaranteeing the carrying I et out of the armistice terms. I Since the timo of the question of' the protocol and particularly the re paration provisions in it have been under negotiation between tho allied supreme council and the German gov P eminent. It was only within tho past . fortnight that the situation began to' ' clear, an adjustment of tho tonnage de i . mands upon Germany being reached. i Commissions Created. I I With the taking effect of the treaty K a number of commissions created by it n spring Into existence. m. Of tho commissions now beginning their work probably the most impor W tant is the reparations commission H which will do a great amount of the m labor incident to tho execution of the treaty, its special duty being to regu S lato Germany's payment of indomnlfi jS caijon during the next thirty yenrs. m, Boundary commissions which are to y fix upon the spot tho new boundaries of Germany with Belgium, tho Sarre w basmVPoland and Czecho-Slovnkia are tg to roe appointed within fifteen days. IB AMERICAN DIES IN MADRID C MADRID, Thursday, Jan. 8. Theo fir. dore Carlt of San Francisco, Cal., a stu-m-l dent In one of the hospitals here, died y from influenza here today. His family is residing in Madrid. 1 ,j 5 mmmm ss ms STYLE TO REMAIN BUT COST OF MEN'S CLOTHES TO JUMP NEW YORK, Jan. 10. Further increases In the price of men's clothing, without much change In style, were predicted today by dele gates who attended the tenth an nual convention of the Interna tional Association, of Clothing De signers here. While the supply of woolen cloth was said to be increasing, the de signers offered little hope that this would decrease the cost of clothes. The designers declared the con servatism both as to cut and fabric would prevail in the United States. 'AIWERICA'S ABSENCE FROM RSTIFIClll i SUED 1 em; j 1 I Editor Declares Failure of U. S. ! To Take Part Weakens All Arrangements LONDON, Jan. 10. Regret over America's absentation from participat ing In the ratification of the treaty of Versailles is again expressed in edi torials printed in this morning's news papers. "America's absence," says the Tele graph, "clouds alike the prospect of the present and the futura it weak ens profoundly tho moral authority of the league of nations and the sense of security regarding the immediate fu ture. Tho allies have waited until the could wait no longer and must now go forward nlonov deeply sensible of thf loss they have sustained, but still hop ing that soonor or later they will be re joined by the great republic." Referring, like other journals, tc po litical conflicts in America regarding the league and the Versailles treaty, the Chronicle says: "The position is not very re-assuring to Europeans who are -living in a -world shattered by war. While AmcJ--i icans continue to debate we may dfe-j rive some crumbs of comfort from tho fact that statesmen like William Jen nings Bryan and Gilbert M. Hitchcock. Democratic leader in the United States senate, have no Illusions about the danger of delay for Europe and the effect it has had upon American prestige." uu j Over Five Bilions j Needed to Ron U. S. CHICAGO. Jan. 10. The estimated requirements of tho United States gov ernment, not including anything for the railroad administration for tho next fiscal year were placed at 5, 250,000,000 by Congressman James W. iGood of Iowa, chairman of the house committee on appropriations. He made the statement before the Illinois Man ufacturers' Association in an address advocating a budget system. The sum, he said, represented a peri capita tax of 47, and to collect even' a much smaller sum the hand of the tax gatherer will fall heavily on manv people. He charged many government departments' heads with extravagance and deplored the lack of "real business acumen."- in others. "No press bureau budget plan, nor the British budget system will ans i wer," he said for the need of an Amer ican budget code. The tax payers were becoming more insistent for gov ernment fiscal efficiency. , I oo j I Protest Against Oil j Land Decision Made! WASHINGTON, Jan. 10. Protest against the decision of Attorney Gen eral Palmer on December -1 In turning' 160,000 acres of oil lands in Callfor-t nia, estimated to bo worth $500,000,000 i jto tho Southern Pacific company, with- j : iout an appeal from tho adverse judg-j ment. of a lower court, was made by I Glfford Pinchot, president of tho Na-' tional Conservation association, in a' letter to tho attorney general. I Mr. Pinchot contended that the vie-1 tory of tho government against the I railroad last November in the Elk Hills case presaged an equally success ful adjudication of the second case if an appeal had been taken to the su preme court oo VICTORY HALL ENDORSED NEW YORK, Jan. 10. The Victory hall, which it is proposed to erect In this city near tho grand central ter minal ns a memorial to American sol diers at a cost of $15,000,000, has been endorsed by General Pershing as "a inonumont worthy of thoir achieve ments," it was announced today. : oo Diamonds have been discovered in Ihe Gold Coast colony of Africa. The lamest weighs a carat. jHUGE BANK SWINDLE EXPOSED I BABIES FROZEN TO DEATH 111 MOTHER'S ARMS. WORKERS SAY Storm Sweeps Over Esthonia Leaving Long Death List In Wake CONGRESS ASKED FOR RELIEF FOR EUROPE, Authority To Advance 150 Millions For Food Is Asked j By Sec'y. Glass REVAL, Jan. 10. Thousands j were frozen to death in a blizzard I which swept across Esthonia on j New Year's Day. Reports receiv- J ed here state that three hundred bodies of refugees were found In a forest between this city and Narva j and American Red Cross workers I say many babies were frozen to death at their mothers' breasts. . , Many fugitives from the collaps- ed army led by General Yudonitch i in his recent offensive against I Petrograd -have perished m the drifting snow. j WASHINGTON,v'Xanl"0rAUhority to advance $150,000,000 for food relief in Austria, Poland and Armenia was asked of congress today by Secretary Glass. Mr. Glass said this amount would relieve the situation until next fall, j Assistance by tho United States "Isj Imperatively required," he said, "to al-' leviate a desperate situation" affecting millions of people. Under the plan proposed by tho sec retary, the loans would be made out of the $1,000,000,000 wheat guaranty fund and would be used in establish ing credits in this country not only for Austria, Poland and Armenia, but for other suffering countries. Might Need More. An exact estimate of the needs ofj Europe Is impossible, the secretary! declared, adding that it later might be. necessary to ask congress to srant $50,000,000 additional. " j Assistant Secretary Davis, present-j ing Mr. Glass' letter, told the house ways and means committee that the i treasury "was vitally interested" be-J cause if those countries are not fed; disastrous results are feared, which' would seriously affect the financial j stability of the world." The British, he said, "are willing' to do all they can," adding that they' will likely transport the food, and also, supply some clothing. The burden, however, he said, would be placed on , the United States because the Ameri can foodstuffs were the "only surplus , supply." By the government grain i corporation handling tho supplies, Mr.1 Davis said, the movement would bej such as "not to disturb our own prices' of food." Form of Securities. Some form of securities would bo ob-' taincd from the foreign countries be-1 fore any credits were established, Mr Davis told the commission, adding that he did not want to "mislead tho com-' mitteo into thinking the loans are at tractive investments." The food situation in Austria has been given consideration by the su preme council at Paris and sugges tions that tho United States aid in I relief work there have been made. ' Baron Eichoff, head of the Austrian! peace delegation, appealed in a state-1 menl published in this country today for aid for his people who, he said,' "were threatened with anarchy and death by starvation during the win ter." ' Congress a year ago appropriated i $100,000,000 for food relief in Europe) and this was distributed through an In-1 leruational commission headed by Her bert Hoover. oo Barracks in Galway j Connty Bombed by Mob' DUBLIN, Jan, 10. Police barracks six miles from the village of Tuam, Galway county, wero attacked Thurs day ovening by a party of about 100 J men, according to reports reaching' this city. During tho fight two on three bombs wero thrown, one wall being demolished and ono police ser geant being slightly wounded, The occupants of the barracks returned the fire of tho night assailants. Four constables who were patrolling the neighborhood heard'.-the explosion of the bombs and hastened to the scene. When they arrived they put the besiegers to flight. ' 'STUDENTS OF 701 COLLEGES TO VOTE , UPON PEACE TREATY 1 'Senators Lodge and Hitchcock j Give Statements of Their I Pact Views g. o. p. senator says i document is faulty i Democrat Insists Article 10 Assures Nations Against Fur ther World Wars i i CLEVELAND, 0., Jan. 10. State- ments of their views on the treaty of' I peace and the league of nations have been contributed by Senators Lodge. and Hitchcock to be placed before the students and faculties of 700 colleges land universities, who will express their opinions in a referendum vote to ! be taken next Tuesday. Two thousand ' members of the Western Reserve uni-' Iversity will vote. Senater Lodge's statement says In part: Lodge Statement. "The United States has askednqth ing in the peace settlement andc has I receive anti ' desires- nothing- 'except" rthe security and peace of the world, t That peace, a majority of the senate ! believes, cannot be achieved through the league of nations as agreed to at ; Versailles. We cannot amend the league as it applies to other nations' but we are determined that it shall j be made safe for the United Slates. Rnrplv vn -trhn net nrt torrWnrv -wlm wish no spoils of war, are justified in i saying under what conditions we shall j enter this world alliance." ! Senator Hitchcock's statement says , in part: "The Lodge reservations are de-i stcuctive because they go much far ther and work a number of changes in ' the meaning of the league covenant.) They specifically repudiate the recip-' rocal obligation to join other nations' in preserving the territorial Integrity! and political independence of members i of the league against outside aggres- j sion. This obligation is specifically provided in Article X and if agreed to by all nations affords a practical in-j surance against any war of conquest' in the future. i ;"lf repudiated by us now It is an' invitation for Germany to renew at-! tacks, because It leaves in doubt the question whether we must be taken j into account." The students will vote on six ques-, tions, for. against, and compromise,, framed after consultation with leaders I of both sides, in order to present the ! case fairly. j As soon as compiled, the results j will be telegraphed to the inter-col-' legiato treaty referendum committee! at New York, who will record the re sults of the vote from all parts of the country. oo i Federal Reserve Bank 1 f Meases Discern i CHICAGO, Jan. 10. Chicago Fed eral Reserve bank today announced an increase in its discount rate on treas ury certificates of indebtedness from 1 1-2 to -1 3-1 per cent. Advances on commercial paper with a view to discouraging borrowers who speculate in commodities, land, cotton and oil soon will be begun, it was un derstood. Stock market borrowings are understood to have been reasonably re- duced. The reserve board announced It ex pects to put reserve banks in a posi tion where charges for borrowing money of them will bo higher than i the going commercial rate, so that re-j serve banks would be appealed to only in time of stress. oo Sergeant at Haiti J Has a Strange Job' PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti. Jan. 10. j Promotion of Sergeant William A.I "Spot" Miller, United States marine, corps, to a lieutenant in the Gendar merie d'Haitl has brought forth tho fact that he holds the strangest Job In the whole corps. Lieutenant Miller for tho last four years has been personal body guard of President Anteguenlve of the repub lic of Haiti. He has become so Influ ential in native governmental circles that he is known as the "vice president ot Haiti." i Government of Germany Has Fallen Says Rumor; Confirmation Lacking BRUSSELS, Jan. 10 Travelers from Germany reaching here to day brought unconfirmed reports that the German government has been overthrown. It was reported that the Social ists were masters of the situation and that a general strike had been declared throughout the territory not under allied occupation. The Brussels report of a German government overthrow are not con firmed from any other source and it may be noted that the dispatches themselves carry their own qualifica tions, emphasizing the lack of posi tive information. News dispatches from Germany are WA10 COITIES TO BELCH ELSIES: m KILLS SCORES -4 ' Lava and Floods of Contami nated Water Wreak "Havoc In Mexico MEXICO CITY, Jan. 10. Flames are still being emitted by the new volcano at San Miguel in the western part of the slate of Vera Cruz, according to advices received here last night. Every village in that vicinity has been destroyed while lava and fsoods of contaminated water from sources opened by the recent earthquakes are flooding the district near the crater. Refugees from San Miguel confirm qarlier reports telling of numerous deaths from falling buildingG and pois onous gases. Rebels who had their headquarters in that region have suf fered severely both from . casualties and from loss of supplies, it is said. Relief measures for quake sufferers are progressing rapidly, 200,000 pesos being subscribed by tho employes of the National Railways and more than 500,000 from the army. uu Allied Agreement With Prince FeisaS Opposed PARIS. Jan. 10. A dispatch from Nice today says Amir Sad, political op ponent of Amir Feisal, son of the king of the Hedjaz, has telegraphed to the peace conference protesting against protesting against the agreement re ported to have been arrived at be tween France and Prince Feisal. Tho dispatch says Amir Sad has nsked that he be permitted to go bofore the peace conference to present his case in the name of Syria before a final decision is made on the Syrian question. Dispatches from Paris January 7 said Prlnco Feisal and the French government had reached an agreement whereby the prince would recognize a French mandate for the whole of Syria in return for which France would rec ognize the formation of an Arabian state to include Damascus, Aleppo, Hems and Hamah under the adminis tration of tho prince with tho assist ance of French officials, . Four Alleged I W.W. Arrested in Boise BOISE, Idaho. Jan. 10. Four alleged I. W. W. members were arrested hero tonight whan the state conslabulary and Boise police force raided two lodg ing houses that have been under sus picion for somo time. Ono of the men arrested is E. Waddell, and on his person were found credentials -for an organizer, signed by Thomas White head, general secretary of the I. W. W. Books of stamps for membership dues and a quantity of I. W. W. "defense bonds" carrying a picture of a man looking through prison bars, were also seized, as were a quantity of letters, books and propaganda material. j NEW YORK, Jan. 10. A threatened! strike of teachers in New York public schools was averted when the board of aldermen was authorized to issue rev enue bonds to the amount of $620,000, in order to pay teachers' salaries for December. ! ordinarily at east 2-1 hours reaching this country and the latest messages from Berlin received Friday bore Thursday's date. Those messages in dicated some unsettlement in labor conditions, particularly in tho vicinity of Essen and in the Ruhr industrial basin, but the unrest reported did not appear to be of unusual significance. LONDON, Jan. 10. In connection with the unconfirmed reports from Brussels of a German government overthrow, messages from Berlin by way of Copenhagen, received this morning, did not indicate that any-' thing of an extraordinary nature had been foreseen in Germany up to late, last evening. j LEAGUE OF ill ! COMES III I!i i 1 Jlffil.JK! Ambassador Wallace Cables to President Wilson Notice of Paris Decision PARIS. Jan. 10. The putting of the league of nations into being, which will he one of the immediate oonse-i quences of the exchange of ratification of tho treaty of Versailles, will occur in Paris at 10:30 o'clock in the morn- ! ing of Friday, January 1G, the supreme ! council decided today. J Ambassador Wallace cabled this de cision of the council to President Wil- son so that the president might issue j tho formal notice of the meeting of the ' council of the league to be held on the jdate named. i Tho first meeting of the council will be called to order and presided over j by Leon Bourgeois, tho representative of France in the council. He will de liver a brief address. Earl Cmzon, ;the British foreign secretary, who will represent. Great Britain at the meeting, 'also will speak. j Georges Clemenceau is said to in I tend, if he is elected president of the republic, to cross tho Atlantic to carry ;on in the United States a "vigorous campaign" in behalf of the league of nations, according to the newspaper Evenement. j Freqaent Snows Are ; Promised for West WASHINGTON, Jan. 10. Weather predictions for the week beginning Monday are: Upper Missouri and lower Missis sippi valleys: Snow probably over north and snow or rain over south sec tibns by middle of the week by near j ily normal temperatures. Generally fair weather later days with tempera-1 tures somewhat normal. Northern Rocky mountain and pla- teau regions: Frequent snows prob-j able with temperatures below nor mal as a rule. Southern Rocky mountain and pla-1 teau regions: Occasional snows prob-1 able with temperatures below normal j as a rule except over extreme south ern portion. I Pacific states: Frequent rains proh-J able over north portion and occasion al rains over south portion; nearly normal temperatures. uu j Moving Pictures in Americanizing Work1 WASHINGTON, Jan. 10. Enlist- ment of the moving picture industry, In Americanization work will be furth ered by a committee of film producers and others appointed by Secretary Lano ns the result of rocent confer ences between the secretary and rcp rosentatlves of the industry. Included j 'on the committee, of which Mr. Lane is chairman are Adolph Zukor and Louis J. Selznick, of Now York, both prominent in the moving picture world. oo ROME, Friday. Jan. 9. Wearing of fancy costumes and masks during car nivais has been forbidden by the min ister of tho interior, according to the lEpoca. i ueieociEO 1 OK CWI1L OH I AUTHORITIES ASSERT I Several Banks are Robbed of iH Large Sum by Syndicate Is Charge ROBBERS GUARANTEED H PERCENTAGE OF SPOILS Stolen Securities Handled By a i Powerful Organization, Chi cago Police Allege CHICAGO, Jan. 10. Fourteen H members of a national syndicate ol bank swindlers, who are al leged by ' police lo have divided more than $2,000,Q00 with politi cians, lawyers, police and some 'Jt bank officials and employes, were j being sought here today. j John Louisi. representing a New jYork "indemnity company,... con ;ferrcd - with authority of the state's attorney's office and pre sentcd evidence intended to show jsueh a syndicate existed and a jH number of the ringleaders were Louisi said there was evidence to show members of this gang iv Icenlly robbed an Omaha bank oi! $11 0,000; and banks at Dollou H and South Holland, of more than $200,000. H ;'This gang employes women to I beguile bank employes, gain their V Will IV.IV.1IVV., 11lM 1L L1LV.1L OVjVjI V IOj -J H jpctially secrets concerning ship j ments of m one," Louisi said. !'Then they hire Iheir robbing i i ''The robbers arc guaranteed a j certain amount 20 per cent of the haul and a safe getaway. If ! they are arrested they are given ! counsel. "There is no security that can- I not be handled. And there arc 'clearing houses in Chicago where 'they arc handled. They pass I through at least five hands ant 1 each pair of hands deducts a 10 'per cent commission. " Thirteen men, alleged members !of th'e gang, are under arrest in IXew York, Louisi said. : Volunteer Regiments I M Maioiam Order I I LINCOLN, Neb., Jan. 10. Organiza I tion of two regiments of volunteerr. I known as "the Nebraska rifles" to maintain law and order in case they I wero called upon to act in any emer Igency, is practically complete, Adjut ant General H. J. Paul announced. The organization which is to be maintained until the state can organ ize its national guard is made up large ilv of ex-service men, who enlisted for six months service. The men are sub jeet onlv to call by the governor and are to be equipped with rifles and ma chine guns which have been consigned to them by the war department, Crowii Prince Charles I and Parents Reconciled I PARIS, Jan. 10. Complete reconclli- IH ation has been brought about between Crown Prince Charles of Rumania who entered a morganatic marriage in 191S, and his parents, according to a Paris newspaper. King Ferdinand and Queen Marie, with Princess Elizabeth, the paper says, went to visit tho prince on January 6th at Bristritza. Transyl vanla, where he is living in a garrison. Crown Prince Charles was recently reported to havo joined his morganatic wife, from whom be had been forced to separate by his parents shortly after tho marriage. The prince renounced his rights to tho throne after tho mar riage, and, and when ho was forced to separate from his bride, tried to kill himself, but only suceeded in putting a bullet through his foot.