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H NEW YORK Copper 19c; iron unchanged; anti-. J JT O JLI l L tyT L s 1 iL JO iLL lj 4 ' Ply" ) H mony 11c; lead 8.50c; zinf 9.10c. 'V' J ''L. . L northwest portion; colder Tuesday In north portion. ' B Q FEARLESS 4? INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER I i . . Fiftieth Year-No. 22 Price Five Cents OGDEN CITY, UTAH, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 26, 1920 - LAST EDITION 4 P. IVL y FRAMING REPLY TO ANSWER OF HOLLAND I COUNCIL DISCUSSES ILL LEGAL PISES OF CALL FBI KASSER. Next Step in Plan to Get Pos session of Wilhelm Topic at Paris Confab PREMIER MILLERAND PRESIDES AT MEETING Polish Minister of Foreign Af fairs Pleads for Help Against Bolsheviki PARIS, Jan. 26. The reply to the refusal of the Dutch government to comply with a demand of the allied for the surrender of former Emperor William, was the first subject dis cussed today at the initial meeting of the council of the ambassador, cre ated to carry on the unfinished rou tine -work of the supreme council of the peace conference which disbanded last week. It was decided that the French legal experts available should go into all of the aspects of the case tomorrow which will be submitted fori approval of the council early next Legal Phase Topic. The discussion in the council did not disclose the trend of opinion among the members further than that it ap peared to be the view that the legal phase of the question had become the . . chief one. Lj2&?s, The council was presided over by Premier-Millerand. Hugh-C. Wallace,- : K 'ihe American ambassador, was pres- Bf ent with the other members of the B: body. After disposing for the clay of B the extradition question, the council H decided to give the representatives of B the Jugo-Slavs four days additional ( B time to reply regarding the proposed B compromise on the Adriatic question, B including the disposition of Fiume. ! B This carries the question along until B:- Wednesday. neas lor neip. iThe council received a letter from Stanislas Patek, Polish minister of foreign affairs, calling attention to the possibility of a strong aaggressive movement by the Bolsheviki against Polish territory and recommending 5 that a plan be adopted for defensive measures. The letter asked that the ; question be called to the attention of ! . Marshal Foch. ! J. Note From Germans. The council also had before it a ; i note from tho German plenipotentiar- F les raising certain points regarding y f the make-up of the boundary commis- ' l- sions provided for by the treaty of By Versailles. The questions were raised 1 1 by the Germans because of the non- ' ratification of the treaty by the Unit ed States and the consequent lack of , American members on the commis- ' sions as provided for by the peace document. The absence of the Ameri- cans also raised a question as to the presidency of the commissions to con- l trol the plebiscite In the Teschen ter- j i ! ritory, on the Czecho-Slovak-Polish l frontier. It was pointed' out that the French member would act, pending' the qualification of the American ji member, through the ratification of , jj the pact, should, such action be taken , by the United States government. . ; At the close of the morning session, ( tho council decided to hold another ' , ' meeting this afternoon. , ; War Council Chosen. L Marshals Foch, Joffre and Petaln i and Major General Buat, chief of staff, ;i mako up tho new French war coun- , ; cil, according to announcement. Nine i . generals will be chosen later to act I on the council, which will be under the j. presidency of Uie minister of war. Marshal Petaln will be vice president and commander-in-chief of French e armies in time of war. I Another Drop Recorded Ik Rate of Exchange ,NEW YORK, Jan. 26. Rates on French, Italian and German exchange "ropped to new levels in the local .arket today. Demand bills on the ztund sterling wero quoted at $3.60, f cents from Saturday's close, Pid c off and lc above the low rec rd. Franc checks were quoted at the 2.27 for the dollar and tho lire checks t the rate of 14.42. The German b lark, worth between 23 and 24 cents t foro the war, was quoted today at : 09 cents. Wk MISTAKE IS MADE. Mb POUGHKEEPSIE, N. Y., Jan. 26, B nvinced that Harrison B. Ellis of It aeon, arrested on suspicion of being Syt" hn Iteed, writer and Bolshevist rep WTT sentativo, is not Reed, District At- r ney AJdrich has ordered Ellis' re s''' - ise. 1 action was taken after two B "w York detectives failed to make an B aatlUi&UqiL 1 ' qb tg g g g igi g . I BRITISH NAVY TO HAVE WONDERFUL NEW GUN, CLAIM LONDON, Jan. 25 The Brit ish navy may soon be given a "new and unsurpassed wea pon" in a large caliber shell which will pierce the heaviest armor without shattering, said Sir Robert Hadfield, chairman and managing director of Had fields, Limited, steel manufac turers, recently. He indicated that possession of such a shell during the great war would have been of inestimable value to the British fleet. "The feat has been accom plished," he said, "within the last few days of getting the largest caliber of armor-piercing shell unbroken through the thickest of modern hard-faced armor plate. This result will render the British gun unsur passed, incomparable, and the master in any naval engage ments of the future." i , i TURKEY EXPERIENCES i LOVE FOR "REDS." MILITARY HEAD SAYS Bolshevism Contrary to Relig ious Training of Ottoman, Declares Pasha CONSTANTINOPLE. Jan. 1. Bol shevism has no appeal to the Turks, being contrary to their religious train ing and their patriotic sentiment, says Muslapha Kernel Pasha, political and military leader of the Turkish nation alist movement in Asia Minor. Re cently there have been reports that tho Bolsheviki have made inroads in Turkish Asia Minor and that Enver Pasha, minister of "war here- in 191-1, has sponsored a Bolshevik uprising in Turkestan. Muslapha Kemal denied his adher ents in the nationalist cause were in league with Enver Pasha or Talaat Pasha, former grand vizer, who is re ported to have been converted to Bol shevism. Bolshevism might result, however, from a peace which makes the Turks a subject people, he assert ed, but he added that such an alliance with the soviet power would be but temporary. Bloodshed would follow a peace set tlement which placed the Greeks in control of this city, he said, and the giving of Thrace to Greece would have the same result. oo U. S. Prodociiisr Over Half of World's Oil WASHINGTON. Jan. 26. The Unit ed Slates has produced more than 61 per cent of the world's crude petro leum since the discovery of that prod uct and at latest reports was produc ing more than 69 per cent of the world's supply. Compilation of pro duction statistics just issued by the ge ological survey shows that from 1857 to and including 191S, there were pro duced throughout the world 7,603,147, 13S barrels of crudo petroleum, of which Ihe United States supplied A, 60S.571.719 barrels. Russia furnished almost 25 per cent. In the last year's statistics, those of 1918, the United States produced 355,927,716 barrels, while Mexico furnished more than 12 per cent and Russia almost 8 per cent. Wealthy Stockman Murdered at Ranch CASPER, Wye. Jan. C3. John Cor bctt, -12 ycra old, a wealthy pioneer stockman of Natrona county, was found murdered at his ranch home six miles southeast of Casper whon county officers made an investigation of his premises which had been deserted for days Robbery is believed to have been the motive for the murder, ac cording Lo.olflcers. REDS STRONG ENOUGH TO FIGHT WORLD, IS aSSERTIONTOSEITE Soviet Agent Martens Boasts There is No Need for Urging International Revolt HUGE SUMS FOUND IN ' BOLSHEVIKI TREASURY i j "Ambassador" Says Lenine ; Government Wants to Spend Millions for Necessities i FLORENCE, Italy, Jan. 26. Curing a meeting here at ! which the anarchist Enrico J Malatesta, recently elected to the chamber of deputies, urged a revolution, a mob tried to overcome a party of Carabineers. The latter, de i fending themselves, fired at the demonstrators, wounding a score of them. WASHINGTON,, Ja u.26. B us i sian soviet organizations have be- conic "strong enough to fight the ; world," Luchvig C. A. K. Marions, soviet agent to the United States, tuld a senate investigating com mittee today. Because of this, he 'said, the Soviets have ceased lo iirge international revolution lo (support them. i The Russian soviels have "be tween $450,000,000 and $500,000, 1000" in the public treasury, Mar tens said, which it Avas now de sired to spend in foreign countries on the purchase of necessities. There was now no gold in the hands of private banks or individ uals in Russia, he added. RECEPTION TO RADICALS. LONDON. Jan. 2G- A Moscow wire less dispatch, describing the reception tendered the 249 radicals deported from the United States as undesirable aliens and brought to Ilango, Finland, on the United States army transport Buford, says: "Our comrades were greeted by the red army's shouts of hurrah and music playing the 'Internationale' while red flags waved over the frontier stream Systerbak, the shores of which were lined with red rifles facing a mass of Finn soldiers on the other bank. "With a band and standard twenty paces from the enemy, the guard of honor, the red army triumphantly greeted Its comrades from across the ; ocean." oo Victory of the Manse to he Commemorated I NEW YORK, Jan. 2G.--In commem ! oration of the victorious stand of the i French on the River Marne In 1914, a colossal stone statue, one of the larg est of the world's sculptured monu ments, will be placed there by Ameri can citizens, according to plans an nounced here today by Thomas TV. La mont of J. P. Morgan and company, chairman of the committee of repre sentative Americans who have the project In hand. Frederick Mahmonnles has been se lected as the sculptor. It is expected that the monument will cost S250.000. which will be raised by a free will of fering of citizens in all parts of the country. oo Aliemby Striving to Keep Out Undesirables CAIRO, Egypt, Jan. 2G Field Mar-! r.hal Viscount Allcnby, high commis sioner in Egypt and the Sudan, has an nounced by proclamation that new passport regulations designed to bar out undesirables will go into effect February 1. oo KANSAS MINERS STRIKE PITTSBURG. Kan., Jan. 26 Four hundred Kansas minors struck this morning because of the passage of the industrial court bill A mine of the Western Coal and Mining company at Franklin, and a mine of the Wear Coal company at.DunJdrk were Idle. French Premier PARIS Alexandre Millerand, governor of Alsace, has accepted the offer of President Poincare to head the new French cabinet. ;0EBTlf 1! II 1 BILLIONS Sffi ESTIMATE OF BK i Indebtedness Increases 160 Bil lions of Dollars in Six Years Figures Disclose NEW YORK, Jan. 26. The world's debt was estimated by the National City bank today at 5200.000,000,000 compared with $-10,000,000,000 in 1914. Paper currency throughout tho world increased G00' per cent since 1914, while the gold reserve behind it increased only 40 per cent, according to statistics compiled by the bank. The face value of paper currency of thirty principal countries, which to talled S7.250.000.000 In 1914, had in creased to $40,000,000,000 at the time of the armistice and to $50,000,000,000 in December, 1919, exclusive of S34, 000,000,000 issued by the Russian sov iet government. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria show an advanco in note circulation from $1,200,000,000 In 1914 to $12,300,000,000 at the close of the war, and $18,770,000,000 iln December, 1919. the gold reserve falling from $600,000,000 in 1914 to $327,000,000 in 1919, tho ratio of gold to notes declin ing from 49.7 per cent in 1914 to 5.5G per cent in November, 1918, and 1.7 i per cent in December, 1919. j In tho eight principal countries of liho allies paper notes increased from $1,166,000,000 in 1914 to $2,420,000,000 in 1919,w hile the gold reserve increas ed from $516,000,000 to $1,450,000,000, a ratio of 44.3 in 1914 and 59.9 in 1919.1 i 'Noted Jews to Build Hebrew University NEW YORK, Jan. 26. Noted Jew ish scholars from all parts of the world,' including Dr. Albert Einstein, physicist and originator of the "Ein stein theory" on light rays and gravi tation, will meot soon in Basle, Swit zerland, to prepare the foundation of a Hebrew university in Jerusalem, tho Zionist organization of America an nounced here today. The corner stone of the university has been laid al ready on the top of tho Mount of 01 , Ives. nn . Poincaire Wants to Aid in Rebuilding France PARIS. Jan. 26 (Havas) Raymond Poincaire, who will retiro from the presidency of tho republic on Febru ary 17, desires to devote himself en tirely to tho l-e-construction of the de partment of tho Mouse which was a part of the battle zone and for this reason will not accept a position in the government for three years, according to the Eclair. GERMAN MINISTER QF EIHCE WOUNDED AS BE LEAVES COURTROOM One Shot Strikes Official Fol lowing Hearing In Suit for Alleged Libel EVACUATION OF UPPER SILESIA IS BEGUN i Teuton Troops Moving From District and-Allied Forces will Replace Them BERLIN, Jan. 26. Ma- j ) thias Erzberger, the minister ' j of finance, was wounded by a j ' shot fired at him today. j Herr Erzberger was shot as j i he was leaving the criminal ; I courts building after a hear- I ing in the Helfferich libel . ! suit. Only one shot struck ! the minister. The minister was slightly woitnded in the shoulder. -His assailant, who gave "his name j i as Oltwigvon Hirschfeld was 1 I arrested. i ; BERLIN, Saturday, Jan, 24 Ger-J man troops began evacuation of Up- J per Silesia today in accordance with ! the terms of the peace treaty which j 1 requires that the movement begin 1 within fifteen days after its ratifica , tion. The first allied troops are expected to reach Oppelnon January 30. Evacu ation will be accomplished by zones, each of which will remain under a pro visional military administration under the interallied commission. The treaty provides for the occupa tion of Upper Silesia by a total of 1S, 000 allied troops. English, French and Italian troops will be used. The Lokal Anzeiger yesterday ac cused the Poles of cutting telegraph and telephone wires and interfering with the conveyance of the mails in territories where plebiscites arc to be taken. The newspaper declares that the telephone connections with Allen Graudens and Osterodc have beer, j cut for the past few days. It also accuses the Poles of having severed at the frontier tho wire connecting Stettin and Posen. Anti-Saloon League i Urged to Get Busy "WASHINGTON, Jan. 26. Calling on friends of prohibition lo get busy rath er than quit, Wayne B. Wheeler, gen eral counsel of the anti-saloon league of America, in a statement charged that "wet organizations and some wet officials are encouraging defiance to national prohibition In Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New York. New Jersey Wisconsin and several other states." "They." said Mr. Wheeler, referring to these organizations and officials, "have enacted or attempted to enact laws to permit certain liquors which the federal government prohibits and I in their campaign with wet propagan da are inflaming the lawless to defy the federal prohibition act. The court attacks on national prohibition, the threat of tho liquor organizations to elect a wet congress to weaken the na tional prohibition code and resubmit the eighteenth amendment and to elect wet legislatures to carry out their program, is a sufficient challenge to tho friends of prohibition to get busy rather than to quit." oo Senator La Follette Suffers Infection MADISON, Wis., Jan. 26. As a re sult of an infection due to his teeth, Senator R. M. LaFollette Js in a hos pital at Rochester, Minn. His condi tion Is not considered critical and he Is expected to return to his home the ' latter part of the week. oo AUTHOR ILL. LOS ANGELES, Jan. 26. Vinccnte Blasco Ibanez, Spanish author, whose illness yesterday necessitated the can- . collation of a lecture engagement here, ; was reported slightly bettor. He is 1 confined to his bed In a Pasadena ho- i tel, suffering from what his physician i states is a severe cold. " LAWYERS LEAD IN SUICIDES REPORT; ' EDITORS IMMUNE : NEW YORK, Jan. 26. Since I the signing of the armistice j there has been a constantly in creasing number of suicides ev erywhere, according to a report issued today by the Save-a-Life league. The report tabulates 5122 cases of suicide in the United States during 1919. Of the pro. fessions lawyers led the list with 43, of whom 12 were judges 36 victims were physi cians; 28 teachers and 11 cler gymen. The list included 20 presidents of large business concerns and 50 prominent clubmen, millionaires and wealthy society women. Unhap py marital relations were re sponsible for 350 tragedies. Men outnumbered women 2987 to 1657, but of the child suicides 252 were girls and 225 boys. Newspaper editors ap peared to be immune. I : UUERIGHB MOUSED Iff BRITISH CLAIM OF TRADE SUCCESSES Statement That United States Will Lose Market Gained in S. A. Republics Resented BUENOS AIRES, Sunday. Jan. 25 Statements by Lord Ashfield, presi dent of the British board of trade, that the British would supplant the United States in the market she won in South American during the war, have aroused considerable feeling among Americans here. They were given wide publication here by a British ad vertising agency. Speaking last night at tho first an nual banquet of the United States chamber of commerce in Argentina, William II. Robertson. American con sul general here, took exception to ihem as being "versatile propaganda." "The amount of our Latin-American and Argentine trade we hold after tho war," he said, "will depend exactly, as always, upon the efficiency of our manufacturers and the skill of our salesmen in other words considera tions of our price and quality." oo New Union to Fight for People's Rights NEW YORK, Jan. 26 The forma tion of a new organization to be known as the American Civil Liberties Union "to chamvion in the highest courts the civi' libert rights of persons and or ganizations' was announced here to nignt by Prof. Harry F. Ward of the Union Theological Seminary, who will head the union. Others who will serve on tho executive committee will be Helen Phelps Stokes, treasurer; Al bert de Silver and Roger N. Baldwin, Walter Nelles is to be chief counsel. The national committee of the new organization are: James H. Maurer, president of tho Pennsylvania state federation of labor; Helen Keller, "Mor ris Hillquit, Jane Addams, John Sayre and others. The union, according lo Prof. Ward, "will fight in the courts all attempts to violate the right of free speech and free press." He added that it was pro posed to keep "industrial struggles in conformity with the constitution of the United Slates and of the several states of the union." oo Foch to Take Part in Unveiling of Monument PARIS, Jan. 2G. (Havas) Marshal Foch left Paris today for Capo Blanc Mez, west of Calais, on the channel coast where he will unveil a monu ment to the memory of victims of Gcr aian submarines. BOLSHEVIK PEftSWtfT I WS0NISTE1 I BORDER OF MQNGOLIR I Washington Receives No Newa on Alleged Capture of Ameri cans by "Reds" PLAGUE AT MOSCOW IS CAUSE OF DEPARTURE Japanese Premier Gives Re a- son for Dispatch of More Troops to Siberia LONDON, Jan. 26. An of- ficial statements' issued by the soviet government at Moscow says that the Bolshevik peas ! ant corps has reached the Chinese frontier in the vicin ity of Kobdo, on the western border of Mongolia. j STOCKHOLM, Jan. 26. Members of the soviet gov I ernment have left Moscow after a renewed outbreak of the plague and have gone to the city of Tvor, on the upper Volga, according to advices received here. j WASHINGTON, Jan. 26. No report VM regarding the capture by the Bolshe- IH vik forces of a group of American rail ' way engineers and a party of Ameri- can "Red Cross workers at Kiuchlns jkaya. Siberia, reported in press dls- IH ! patches from ditto, Siberia, had been IH received today by the state or war de ; partments, or tit national headquar ilerc of the Red Cross. IH j At Red Cross headquarters r.ecorda .showed that the Captain Charettc re j ferred to as captured probably was :Edwnrd Hercules Charette, a pharma- cist, of Stockton, Cal., who went over iwith an early detachment- There was J no record of a "Miss Ford," also re- ported captured. It was assumed shi had joined the Red Cross staff in Si- IH ' bona. j The Colonel Blunt referred to in ; Red Cross dispatches as having been i captured, was believed at the war de I partment to be Frank Roscoe Blum, 'of Plalno, 111., a member of the Stev j ens' railway commission. At the time he joined the railway commission Mr. Blunt, who held a commission as major in the engineer reserve corps, was general manager of tho Chilean National railways. Pre viously, he had been general superin fl teudent of the Chicago &. Great West PREMIER EXPLAINS. TOKIO, Sataurday, Jan. 24. The dispatch of Japanese reinforcements fl to Siberia, was unavoidably necessary to assist the Czechs and guard the IH extensive railways, Premier Hara de clured in replying to interpellations in the lower house of .the diet today. It was also necessary as a means of as suring the safety of the Japanese gar There was no reason to withdraw the Japanese troops, added the pre mier, simply because the Americans were being withdrawn, the position ol Japan and China In the far east being far different from that of the United States or Great Britain. Also, he pointed out, the future moves of the Bolsheviki In Siberia could not be ' forecast. i Foreign Minister Uchida also said that iminediatae withdrawal was hn i possible because some of the Vladl vostok Koreans ivere supporting the Korean independence movement while others were conspiring with the Bol sheviki against Japanese interests. War Minister Tanaka told the house that a thousand Japanese lives had been sacrificed in maintaining order In Siberia. oo Russia to Take Over Emperor's Property I BERLIN, Jan. 25 (By the Associ ated Press.) A measure providing a settlement between Prussia and the Hohenzollerns with regard to tho for mar roval family's movable and im movable holdings will shortly be con sidered by the diet. Tho draft of tho measure, which was worked out by a special commis sion, provides for payment for the re- flH tention of several castles and palaces BH with the right to dispose of the prop erty without restrictions. Some of tho former emperor's art objects "are to be taken over by the state but ho will be VM given compensation for them. jH . oo NEARLY LYNCHED. fM TULSA, Okla., Jan. 26 Joe Bad gett, who was at liberty under bond HH on a charge of automobile theft, and BH who was taken from tho city last night IjH bv a crowd declared to have been bent upon lynching him, was maltreated by the crowd, but not seriously injured, the police said tonight. Badgott, according to tho authori- IjH ties, is now back in Tulsa. Details of jH the affair are still lacking, and the po lice aro continuing their investigation.