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f TODAY'S METAL PRICES 1 gt W A ft f j f i Jf'tlf M jf'V NT WEATHER FORECAST I JJ NEW YORK Copper and iron unchanged. Antimony 1 1 M m, s' R I H B ll i ft sZy) M &jK 1 I 11 L H I B 8 Weathar Indications for Opden and Vicinity GrJll lcad 8J'C; 2lnC 8-67c' J "V CL L -V 'V ( V W W - V "V 4 ton5ght and Thu-day; little change In tempera- " " FEARLESS 4 INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER . ''I I L -- : , L . I KFiftieth Year-No. 42 Price Five Cents OGDEN CITY, UTAH, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 18, 192(3 LAST EDlTlON4 P. M. ' a s & " & & pLLIES FEAR NEW BOLSHEVIK TRIUMPH ipll RUSSIA fflTl DEGUBED !GB0mK SERIOUS bluntecr Forces Holding the Crimean Peninsula Against Pressing Soviet Hordes EDS MAY APPROACH OVER FROZEN LAGOON bfugees from Odessa Tell of Terrible Events in Escaping From City CONSTANTINOPLE, Monday. Feb. (By the Associated Press.) The u.tion in southern Russia is so un tain that the allied officials are rlul of a general Bolshevik triumph re, however, from internal dissen a than from the entrance of red crs from the outside. r2ner.il Schilling is at Sebastopol, imanding the volunteer forces ich hold the Crimean isthmus. The rounding lagoons are frozen hard, rever, and it is feared the Bolshe i may approach on the ice. ebastopol harbor is cluttered with less shipping. Ten thousand per 3 are registered as wishing to get iv, while eleven thousand more are ships from Odessa, without ade to food or medicine. Typhus Is ing among the refugees. : is impossible -to take away the ulati'on as commanders of allied ships in the harboi apparently lack tiority for such action. " i4 Agreement is Reached. I jM ngreement has been reachced -be- Itwoin General Denikine and the Cos- ;Sack supremo council. The Terek ' J Cossacks are giving their whole heart- jed support, but the Don and Kuban fcoseacks are making reservations which weaken tlie anti-Bolshevik b "i (slroDglh and make the Crimean silua- j ijiou doubtful. J i f The population at Sebastopol. Rus f esla great seaport in the Crimea, has 1 -i jbecome so panic stricken over the Bol- ;j fsheyik menace that ther.e is danger of a:repctItion of the events whicli took plare at Odessa when the reds cap- iiured that city recently, according to the reports of belated refugees arriv ing in Constantinople. Machine Guns Used. The refugees in telling of the last hours spent in Odessa harbor say that the crews of ship3 were compelled to turn machine guns upon the crowds tojjprevent them from overloading and sinking refugee vessels which were ibot to sail. The Bolsheviki h id be jun raking the docks nt Odessa with machine gun fire while there were ful ly 5000 persons still trying to make iheir escape. Many of these crowded ipon disabled coalless ships hoping tha they might be towed out to sea rad awny from danger. U is asserted by the refugees that ffhen the foreign warships left Odes sa many women drowned themselves uul officers committed suicide. j Fighting Is Fierce. 2 j i LONDON, Feb. IS. Fierce fighting a 1 between the Bolshevik! and separate &9 ! eiu-my groups in the Tiraspol and m Odessa regions is reported in an offi m ! plal statement issued by the soviet a government at Moscow today. The 9 istalemcnt continues: m "We have entered Ovidiopol (on the M fDlnck sea southeast of Odessa). W--9 shave evacuated Pogaevskaya, twenty m Iversta from Novocherkassk, under en ageray pressure. p-ff "in tne direction of Krasnovodsk we f1'H.have cantured the island of Chek-ken. (ifTlie oil wells were found undamaged. Hf 11 booty was captured." Conflict Avoided. Ill VLADIVOSTOK. Monday, Feb. . Jaif a result of negotiations between sBKGeneral Krakowitiski, commander of .tno zemstvo army, and M. Matsudairsi. BffePrescnting Japan, instructions have 's K"cen sent to the Japanese general In JB command to cease sending Japanese ;JB'lr?p.& from Vladivostok westward. fflB- This move is interpreted here is in wBdlcatiug that Japan desires to avoid ni BFa Conf,lcL with the Russians. a Hh 00 ALEXANDER KERENSKY I B THROVN INTO PRISON l'R LONDON, Feb. IS. Alexander Ke laB?0"''' lue former Russian premier aK whose regime was overthrown by the WHBqlsheviki in November, 1917, has lKDecn imprisoned in the Caucasus, ac rnK cordiug to a Central News dispatch II IK rom Copenhagen quoting the Estbon 'll B newspaper Varanias. mI'Ii The message declares that Kcrensky MK' recently proceeded to the Caucasus on JB-bonrd a British steamer for the pur jMK Poae of inducing the population to illf Promise their support to the Russian flBf Democratic Center party. The Cau "djRca3,ts leaders, however, gave him a SI HE Cold reception, and it is asserted on Mm his arrival at Baku he was arrested PH In:i thrown into prison. P J B . PAUL DESCHANEL : INAUGURATED AS TENTHPRESSDENT PARIS, Feb. 18. Paul Des , chanel today became tenth president of the French repub lic, succeeding: Raymond Poin . care who laid aside the ro"bes of ! office after one of the most crit- 1 ical periods of time in the his- j tory of the country. The for- I . mal transfer from the old to the ! new regime occurred at the Pal I ace of EJysee thi3 af ternoon. ! The inauguration of the i French president is a formal ceremony and the number per J mitted to witness the transfer j of authority is limited to the ' i presidents of the senate and the 1 chamber of deputies, commit- ! tees from each house and mem- bers of the cabinet. j Premier Millerand shortly be- ; fore the hour set for the cere I mony, drove to the Palais Eour 1 bon where, as president of the j chamber, M. TJeschanel has I maintained his residence, and ' called for the president-elect. .Entering a state carriage. ,JUid j ' escorted' by a regiment of cui- j rassiers and preceded by a flag j I bearer, they drove to the palace ; where the ceremony was to take I , place. , i .DOT JON NHKS i ; OF STANDPATTERS, j I IOIIiEllEO: j I Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt ' Points Out Way for New Voters in Politics CHICAGO, Feb. 18- Alignment of vvoinen voters with existing political .parties and abandonment of efforts to inaugurate a political organization of 1 tholr own, was advocated today by the 'loaders of the League of Women Vot ers, successor to the National Ameri ' can Woman Suffrage association. Re publican and Democratic members of 1 the league urged the women to affili late with their respective parties and i expressed their opposition to the for ' mation of a woman's party. , The retiring president of the suf frage association, Mrs. Carrie Chap ' mnn Call, urged women to enroll in one of the political parties ! In a rarewell address Mrs. Catt cau tioned women voters against "stand pat politics and the role of followers in the political parties." "Do not go to the polls as a mere indorser of a platform that others have written for you In some back of j fice," she said. "Take a vow before I you leave Chicago and before you en j roll in a political party that you will I never vote a ticket until it has been submitted to your intelligence and rat ified by your conscience. Don't be a regular.' " oo ONE SOW SELLS FOR $2650 IN NEBRASKA j NEHAWKA, Neb., Feb. 18. What 'the ovMier said was a new world's (record price for Hampshire bred sows I was brought here yesterday at a sale bv, Raymond C. Bollard of I his city. Forty-two head sold for $21,985, an av erage of $52S, as compared with the previous high of ?360. One sow brought ?2(J50, a new top for this breed. Buyers from twenty-eight states were present. oo GOVERNOR PROMISES ! TO PROTECT HOLDINGS SAN JUAN, Porto Rico, Tuesday, Feb. 17. Jose E. Benedicto, acting governor, today issued a proclamation asserting that property would be pro tected and peace maintained through- out the present strike of workers in the sugar cane fields. He declared that recent disorders and incendiary fires had made the issuance of a proclama tion advisable M'JDOO DECLARES HE IS IT SEEKING , JD8 OF PRESIDENT i I Former Secretary0 of Treasury Says He is Not Seeking the Job of President I TIME TO FIGHT FOR PRINCIPLES HE SAYSj Advocates Sending Delegates j I To Convention Who Were I Uninstructed ! ( j NEW YORK. Feb. IS. William j Gibbs McAdoo announced today thati : he would not permit his nam? to bq ;used on presidential primary ballots in J ; the various states and that he udvo i cated the sending of uninstructed dale gatos to the Democratic national con vention. The former secretary of the (treasury said he believed the highest I constructive leadership can -best be I obtained if the national interest "is not gubmergctV'in a contest of Individ uad candidacies." ,. . " - Persbnallr.'' MTnTAicfo'WhTiTltie"d7 "I would be delighted if the next na tional convention might bo a great Democratic conference where te ut- most freedom of action should prevail and v here the motive of high service alnn should control." Mr. McAdoo's views wore expressed in a letter sent to Miller S. Bell, mayor of Millodgeville. Ga.. in response to a telegram saying the citizens -of his boyhood home had placed his name on the presidential preferential ticket. States His Position. "I am deeply moved," wrote Mr. Mc Adoo, "by this manifestation of fre conlidonce of my friends who live in the citv of my boyhood and in thn sta-.e of my nativity. It is indeed an honor to beconsidered by them wor thy cf such high station. I feel, how ever, that I should candidly state my position. 1 am not seeking the nomi nation and am reluctant to do auy- thing that would create the rtppenr 'aneo of a candidacy. I cannot help bu j feel that this is peculiarly a time when we should fight -for principles and not for individuals. "The momentous years through which we have just gone have brought to the fore great human problems whicli go to the very roots of our so cial and economic life and insistently j demand settlement. Tho destiny of ! the human race ..will be profoundly af j fueled by the things we do and by tho wiodom we show during the next four ! years. Patriotism and constructive j leadership of the highest order are necc-ssary and I am convinced that we are most likely to secure them if the supreme consideration, national mter lest, is not submerged in a contest of j individual candidacies for the presi :deikU office Therefore, I ohouid liko to see the next Democratic na I tionnl convention composed of untram I niel'.d men and women bound to no particular candidate and allowed to jexp-ess their preference freely through (the abolition of the unit rule. ' Cannot Enter Primary. ''I cannot consistently enter tho pri mary in any state when it is my earn est conviction that the delegates from .every state should go to the convon- tion without instructions, save use their power and opportunity for the J bes: services pf their country. "No greater hnor than a nomination for tho presidency can come to any man short of election to the presiden cy itself. Please accept my warm thanks for you generous support and be good enough to assure my friends of my sincere gratitude for the honor tliey hav c done me " oo LOWDEN READY TO j OPEN HIS CAMPAIGN ! SIOUX FALLS, S. D Feb 18. Gov lornot' Frnnk O. Lowden of Illinois, ml mority Republican candidate for presi dent in the Mai'ch 23 primaries, arriv ed in Sioux Falls today to open his campaign in this state with a speech here tonight. Ho Is tho first 1920 presidential candidate to speak in South Dakota Jind will deliver five ad dresses while in tho state. Major General Leonard Wood, ma jority Republican candidate for presi dent, will open his South Dakota cam paign at Yankton on February 24, Senator Hiram W. Johnson, of Cali fornia, independent Republican candi date, is expected to trail General Wood within the next two or three weeks. Y 9 r Noted Ballerina Turns Author Ij i' ! NEW YORK. Vera Fokine, the world's greatest ballerina, is en- j ! gaged in writing a book which, when translated into English will ' bear the title, "Childhood and Beauty." Mme. Fokine has a little j 'boy of her ovrti. Ir the book she deals with the psychological and, I spiritual aspects of her subject and then outlines a series of exer- j 1 cises which any mother may teach Jier young child for the purpose of ! ! developing freedom, grace and poise. iCIRia TROOPS PURSUE HITS 10 HOLD YANKEE i I. ' Los Angeles Man Held For $20,000 Ransom After His Capture in Mexico NEW YORK, Feb. IS Mexican gov ernment troops are pursuing the ban dits who kicmapod Welsh Adams, an I American nifne superintendent, but I contact with the outlaws has been lost 1 in the hills of Zacalecas, Mexico, ac cording to a telegram received today by the American Metal company, lim ited, Adams' employer, from Its offices at Montorey. Mexico. The telegram also stated that the bandits assured others at the Providencia mine where I Adams was captured, tha. no harm I would befall him. Ransom of ?25,000 I was 'demanded for his release. Mrs. Adams, who lives in Los Ange ; les, Cal.. has been informed of her j husband's plight by the Monterey of ' f ices, I on ROSE PASTON STOKES TOSSES HAT IN RING CHICAGO, Fob. 18. Mrs. Roso Pas tor Slokes, of New York, millionaire communist and former Socialist, one of 1G7 persons indicted by a special grand jury here January 23 for "ad vocating tho overthrow of tho govern ment of tho United States," today an nounced she would be a candidate for congress from tho fourteenth New York district. Mrs. Stokes brought hero last night, by a police woman, Is at large on bond pending appeal from n sentence lo 10 years in a federal prison for obstruct ing the draft. GERMANS SEE TRAP IH EWE 1TE UPOIEXTRITIOI Awakening of the Democratic j Spirit in England and Italy Is j Held Responsible I " ! BERLIN, Tuesday, Feb. 17. Com menting on tho allied note to Ger many making concessions regarding the trial of Germans accused of war crimes, the Tageblall today says: ; "Tho awakening of the democratic! spirit in England and Italy has had its effect in inducing the leaders of the entente lo recede from their previous attitude on the extradition issue." Vorwaerts says that the note is in no wise frco from traps which are likely to lead lo complications later, but it declares tho document represents "the victory of sanity." The Vossischo Zeitung thinks tho entente will do well in abstaining from interference with the trials Ger many is to hold as the allies will thus be spared the "lgno'mlous defeat awaiting them in case they attempt to reaffirm their charges before an unbi ased court." 1 Tho Pan Deutsche Zeitung finds the note unacceptable. SERMON CAUSE OF BROKEN WINDOWS TULLE, France, Feb. 18. The vicar of the village of AIx. near here, de nounced modorn dancing and balls dur ing his sermon on Sunday morning and on Monday night the windows of his church were smashed. It is alleged that young- people of the town are guil ty of the offense. 4 BETTER TO HIS VESSELS Til IKE THEM OVER, CUI Shipping Board Chairman Tells Senate Now Is Time to Dis pose of Ships LINERS TO OPERATE UNDER YANK FLAG Public Ownership of Shipping i Requires Huge Expenditure j Solons are Told ! i WASHINGTON, Feb. IS. Rejection at all bids received for the 30 German.: passenger ships offered for sale by the shipping board was recommended to the senate commerce committee today, by Chairman Payne of the board who; asked authority to renew negotiations for sale of the vessels for operation un-j der the American flag. j The resolution was embodied in a prepared statement which Mr. Payne! road to tho committee. He recalled that the board had sold 18S ships in accord with its .policy to dispose of the fleet to American citizens for op-j oration under Jhc American rjag and. and that 18 former German cargo ves-j sels were included In this number.! The price received was SU3.545.947. Must Spend Millions Chairman Payne said if the congress desired to change this policy to pub- lie ownership or ships the passenger liners should not be sold and congress should direct the board to spend the( $75,000,000 estimated as necessary to( convert them from troop to passenger vessels. "It should be understood," he said, "that the ships whether owned by the government or by private capital must! in either case be operated by the ship ing companies which are bidding for, the ships. The government has no, adequate organization for tho direct operation of ships. j "If the government continues to bei the owner, it must pay the operators! a fixed fee and a commission upon re-; ceipts and take whatever profit re mains, or if no profit remains, must bear all the losses." Values High Now The chairman went on lo say that in accord with the joint resolution of congress under which tho ships were taken over a naval board had apprais ed the craft and that the prices at' which the board could sell now were) substantially in excess of the apprais ed value. Mr. Payne said passenger ships were scarce now and building prices high, but that these conditions might change and the value of the ships be correspondingly lessened. "If we prececd lo re-condition tho ships, making them fit for passenger) use." continued the chairman, "it will lake from six to twelve months to put1 them into service. Our conviction is thai we will not hereaftqr bo able to sell the ships for the cost of re-con-uitioning plus the price at which we can now sell." Questioned as to the possibility of tho vessels ultimately being sold to for'M.zn interests, Chairman Payne told Ihe committee- the ships could not be, transferred from under the American flag without permission of-the ship ping board. ! Vessels sold to private operators forj service in lines designated by the, board could not and inalterably be held in these lines without congres sional guarantees against Joss, tho chairman said. ' Company Ic American. Auked about the ownership of Ihl International Mercantile Marine.' Chairman Payne declared that invest i-i gation by the board had sho.vvn the company to be 100 per cent American. Discussing the authority given the board to sell ships, Chairman Payn said: "We understand it is the policj of congress that wo cannot operate ships if we can sell them and that we must sell all ships after five years." Replying to Senator Calder, Ropubli can, Now York, Chairman Payne said shipping men felt that the govern ment "would not discriminate against American ship operators in -competition with foreign ships in the patter of prohibition." no SYSTEMATIC ROBBERY OF GRAVES PRACTISED VIENNA, Monday, Feb. 16. Syste matic vandalism and robbery in ceme teries has led to demands for police protection. Newspapers say graves and vaults have been despoiled, arti cles of the slightest value stolen and coffins smashed for firewood, K mm cot 1 1 APPROPRIATIONS I BlU. 5. COMMITTEE I Report of House Group Calls II for Eliminating Surveyor H General at Salt Lake . H ASSAY OFFICE TO' M BE ABOLISHED ALSO 1 Largest Peace Time Budget on j I Record Presented to JH Congress j H WASHINGTON, Feb. IS. Abolish- H ment of the nine subtreasUries, the of- i II fice. of thirteen surveyors-generals 1,1 H and two assay offices is proposed in !'' the legislative appropriation 'bill re- MH ported today by the house appropria- lijH lions committee. p H A reduction of ?1S,000.000 from de- partment estimates for clerk hire and III miscellaneous expenses was made, but j I the bill's total of S104.120.000 is one of t I tho largest peace-time legislative ap- " j fl propriauons on recoru. ,ja h Several unusual Items, including jig S42.038.000 for the Internal revenue iaj bureau for collecting taxes and enforc- m Ing the national prohibiten; $11,324,- $ 000 for the war risk insurance bureau, 1$ and $5,000,000 for the decennial cen- !S sus, largely account for the high total. j The subtreasuries which would be !3 H abolished at the end of this year are il H at Baltimore, New York, Philadelphia. g Boston, Cincinnati, Chicago, St. Louis, w New Orleans and San Francisco. i&j H The surveyors-general to be discard- L ed on June 30 next, would include those In Arizona, California, Colorado, 3H Idaho, Montana, Nevada. New Mexico, Oregon, South" Da6rarTJtaTi7sTiThg- JM ton, Wyoming, and Alaska. The assay office at Deadwood, S. D , and Salt Lake City would be closed on June 30. Reductions made by the committee are general throughout the government service and include some self-imposed economies on tho part of congress, jH there being cuts aggregating $400,000 in the nmount spent by congress for JU miscellaneous services, including em- No new government services are es tablished by the bilk and the request jH of the department of commerce for en largement of the foreign and domestic commerce bureau Ijy appointment of additional field agents in the Far East, Central and South America and new European counties was denied. oo DEMONSTRATION COAL MINES RECOMMENDED JH WASHINGTON. Feb. 18. A plea jH for "demonstration coal mines" along the same lines as demonstration jH farms maintained by the United States jH department of agriculture was made jH before the 121st annual meeting of the jWMm American Institute of Mining and Met- H allurgical Engineers here today by J. mWmWM J. Rutlcdgc, of the United States bu JH The object of these mines which jH would be located in the principal coal jM mining areas would be to make v(' rious experiments with various (,C'H tails of coal mining to discover thejH most effective local methods. H DULUTH VISITED BY 'H WOLVES, ONE KILLEDH DULUTH. Minn., Feb. IS. For week a wolf pack has invaded nightlyH the western end of Dulutlr and not UU'H til last night did the trappers andjH scores of people "lying out" for thoH pack succeed in killing one, wounding jjl another and trapping a third of tho jH pack of H Two policemen fitted with snow-jH shoes and rifles prowled the district flH of Fortieth avenue west, and EighthjH street, for nearly a week and ulthoughH they saw the pack drift up and dov. jH nearby streets, failed to get a shot H the Jmmmm U. S. AND FRANCE TOH EXCHANGE OFFICjH COBLENZ, IS An H ment has just been completed command of the Amcric armies occupation 1 regular exchange of junior officl training the military methodtH Thrce AmericalH cers a unit Rhineland tomorrow for three ;NJ service and French officers ofH samo rank will join tho AmcricnniJ tho same A same agreement between Amef can and British officers on the RhinH has been concluded and the exchangH will begin H JOB FOR POINCARE. H PARIS, Feb. 18 Raymond Poincaro, who today retired from the presidency of tho French republic, may succeed IH Charles C. A. Jonnart as president of tho French delegation on the repara lions' committed.