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I ""f T0DAY'S M&T'AL PR!?F : I" ft fliY4tlft Mirlhf WEATHER FORECAST j H
EW YORK Copper, Iron and lead unchanged; ar.tf. I I il X f 1 H f R S lf) 1 CB II LI 4. HL fl Weather Indications for Ogtien and Vjclnlty: I Sl T n y 1187c -inc 8 95c Q V sty vEl. fJ& '''r 'v' Rain or snow probable tonight and tomorrow; colder- I Ql le of Z- : (j FEARLESS INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER . in north portion jH j rYcar-No.44 Price Five cen OGDEN CTY ITtAhT FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 20, 1920 LAST EDITION 4 P.M ! IE : " ' " ' " K & S A. - ffti aSa W' A A A Sa ffii a S ilTESEiPORIl !' IIS OF SOUS, fl: WIRELESS REPORTS j Soldiers Defending Town Join ; Reds When Bolshevik Forces Enter Archangel ' WEAKENING OF DVINA i LINE CHIEF RESULT ) . - v Fighting in Progress on Amur -J'r River in Siberia Between Japs and Insurgents C : LONDON, Feb. 20 Bolshevik force's ; have captured Archangel, on the J While sea, according to a wireless dis- l patch from Moscow today. The : "whites" abandoned the towns and the 5 troops Joined the Bolsheviki, the mes- ) sage declared. '.. 1 The Inst advices to the British war .ifi ; : office on the north Russian situation j ; 7cre that on February 18 the red i ' forces were seventy miles south of i I Archangel. . Bolshevik possession of the city 'VM : i would mean a material weakening of 1 ' the Dvlna line. .!fv Archangel for a long period during g ! r the war was the main port of entry iSyj 1 for Ttussian war supplies from the al- nym ' 'cs' raf,road joining the principal 'Jm - Russian rail lines to the south gave 5 irtgrcss for the war material made out Mh El(e of Russia and supplied to Ihe sBgvf armies of the old regime and after the J S2f fl revolution to the forces of the Keren- sky government. I JU AVltn tlxc atlvent qf ,thfi ,iBolshevik ; &l ' rn'e" m B.tissiavATchangel waS "main-; talncd by the allies aa a base for cou-j W i tact with interior Russia and later as the supply depot for the forces of the ; ; north Russian government established I - in opposition to the Bplsheviki and : for the allied troops, including n con ij sidcrable number of Americans sent in to help protect the north Russian ' area from Bolshevik incursion. Abandonment of the Archangel ex- I pedition by the allied and associated powers were determined upon last ' year and the British, American aud . I other allied forces there were with- 1 dnwn during the summer and fall. , i London advices bearing Thursday's date reported the beginning of an of- - I fensivc by Bolshevik forces on the if front south of Archangel, the capture of several villages on the Dvina being s announced. LONDON, Feb. 20. Fighting has : been in progicss on the Amur river in v Siberia between insurgent forces and 6 Japanese, a SIoscow wireless message i slates. "White" troops reinforced, the i Japanese and a fierce struggle is rag Z ing with the insurgents supported by Chinese, the dispatch declares. I In regard to tho situation in south ;t Uu8Sia a Bolshevik communique today ;t says: fr "Enemy ships have bombarded Ge- nichesk (on the sea of Azov.) Stub- ;i born fighting is occurring 25 versts '1 uortheast of Stvropol (on the left ban!: j'l f of tho Volga. )" $ - TOO MANY BOARDS LOWDEN DECLARES 'I ') ABERDEEN, S. D., Feb. 20. Abol .5 ?; Ishment of the plan of appointing jS commissions to investigate charges of t ; irregularities was strongly urged by i I Governor Frank O. Lowden, minority 'Js J; Republican candidate for president, ni. tho primaries next March, in an ad- ; dress here this afternoon. "We havo gotten into the habit ofj f late years," Mr. Lowden declared, "whonevcr anything went wrong of J iff appointing a commission and then con- fgratulating ourselves that we had dis posed of that question." Mr. Lowden said that under his ad ministration as governor of Illinois a now budget system had made possible the substitution of nine Individuals as department heads for 125 agencies and commissions. "Instead of putting Boards or com missions at tho head of various stale departments, we have put individuals," lie said. "This was upon the theory that it is life Individual who does things, not boards or commissions." Mr. Lowden left here this ai'lernoon foi Huron, where ho will deliver an address tonight. j : THIRTEEN KILLED AS I ' STEAMER HITS MINE ir PARIS, Thursday. Feb ' 19. The I vitamer Danube struck a mine in Ihe Black sea thirteen miles off Capo Ra- mili, on the European shore at the en it 'n nco to the Bosphorus today, thir- j I en peraenson board being killed by $ h' explosion. Two watertight com- Pr:runMH of the ship were flooded but CT "'' .-.veepetioil & reaching tlonstanti II 'ji.!'. Th- "esaol ij owned by. the VI f.urris Mart lines of this c:ty. j U I o iv w tt m I I Soon toBe Bride I FZORA PAfflE rW?tf&y NEW YORK Mr. and Mrs.! Karry Payne Whitney recently an-1 nounccd the engagement of their! daughter, Miss Flora Payne Whit ney, to Roderick Tower of Phila delphia, son of Charlemange Tow er, former United States ambassa dor to Austria," Germany and Rus sia. , . COURT OF JUSTICE TO TRY SE1IS ' WILL BE SELECTED' Holland To Ask Wilhelm's Views on Subject of His Per- manent Internment j LONDON.'Feb. 20. The selection of i a court of justice to try Gennaus ac-; cuscd of violations of laws of war and examination of witnesses and argu ments will begin next week, according to a Berlin dispatch to the Central News. Pleadings will open beforo the Leipsic court within the next month, it is said, ' Persons living in Great Britain, Bel gium and France v.-ho arc witnesses against Germans accused of war I crimes will not have to go to Germany to testify, it is declared in a Berlin dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company today. Such witnesses, it is stated, will be examined by commis sioners sent to the countries named. THE HAGUE, Wednesday, Feb. IS. Beforo answering the last allied note rotative to the extradition of former Emperor William, the Dutch govern- j meni is cxrecled to assure itself that the erstwhile monarch is willing to settle down for life at Doom ani' not disturb the world's peace. While, on answering the original demand for ex tradition, tho Dutch government dieted without consulting Count Hohenzol lern in any way, a different course may bo pursued in the present in stance. Holland will undoubtedly reply she is willing to guard William of II oh en zollern closely at Doom and accept responsibility for preventing any dan ger to the world peace, but it will probably be necessary to consult the cxi'e before replying. No difficulty is anticipated in this connection as Count Hohenzollern Is reported to be ready to accept Doorn ,as a haven for the rest of his life. oo IRISH ATTACK ON BARRACKS REPULSED WEST KERRY, Ireland, Thursday,: Feb. 19. After a throe-hour siege, in which hand grenades,-' rifle3 and revol-! vers were freely used, an attack on police barracks by armed raiderd was repulsed here early today. Cne police officer was wounded and it is believed thr.o raiders were struck by bullets. The raiders blocked all roads with fah'.n ti'es arid bairlcud'-s and dup deep trenches to check tho approach of military lorries. Telegraph and telephone wire wore out over a ra dius cf fifteen jmlies about this place. One end of the tarrocks, waa -tlemol-i&hcl by the explosion or a bomb. i BRITISH WEED WOT GEORGE BECOMES 'Great Britain Under No Obli j gallons When Reds Seek to Take Orin Territory 'PEACE PROGRAM TO BE PUBLISHED SOON Ukranian Government Banks ' Taken Over by Polish Au- thorities, Dispatch Says . I LONDON. Thursday. Feb. 10. Great I Britain is not committed m any way I to fome to the support of Poland with men. money and munitions if parts of Russia such as Dvinsk, now occupied by Polish armies, are attacked by thr Bolsheviki, Premier Lloyd George de 'clared in the house of commons today in answer to a question. ' WARSAW, Thursday, Feb. JO. A resolution was introduced in the Pol ish diet today requesting the Polish government to take measures to peti tion thqillies to recall from Teochen the interallied plebiscite commission ers who have been accused of partial ly favoring Czechs in that region. Pohq n d 's p'ga ce t n royn m to bp snlm m-ft-fefl lotneRussian soviet govere ment. is nearing cdmpletiou and will be communicated to France and Eng land for their approval before being dispatched to Moscow. Premiere Mil lcrand of France and Lloyd George of .Great Britain have already been con sulted on several of the chief points under consideration It is said an answor will be sent to the Bolsheviki by March 1. Members of the former Ukranian government have 'been arrested by Polish military authorities who accuse former Premier Mazeppa and others with political co-operation with the Bolsheviki, according to a Lemberg dispatch. At the same time Ukranian government banks at Komcniev and Podolsk were taken over by the Poles woo contend the banks financed prop aganda against Poland. uu PRINCE OF WALES TQ MAKE NEW TRIP i LONDON, Feb. 20. The Prince ofj Wales will leave on his trip to the I Antipodes on March 5. on-. which dale his ship, the dreadnaughl Renown,' will depart from Portsmouth, accord ing to the official itinerary today. He will arrive at Colon on March 23. The next day will be occupied In the prog ress through the Panama canal and then the Renown will turn northward, touching at San Diego, Cal., on March 31. From this point the trip across the Pacific will be begun and tho sched ule provides for reaching Honolulu on April C. the Fiji Islands on April 13, and Auckland on April 17. oo $1,000,000 STOCK OF LIQUOR IS RELEASED CHICAGO, Feb. 20. The biggest stock of liquor in Chicago, valued at more than $1,000,000. will be released today by federal authorities after hav ing been confiscated yesterday follow ing the arrest of two lawyers in what is said lo have been a plot to place the whisky on sale. The warehouse sold 400 cases of whisky on forged permits issued lo tho two attorneys by a clerk in Ihe internal revenue department, Major Dalrymple said. The clerk has disap peared. A warrant for his arrest is in the hands of the department of Jus tice. oo SOX TOO HIGH SO CLERK IS MURDERED CHICAGO. Feb. 20. Richard Putz, aged 1G, walked into a haberdashery store,- and asked for a pair of socks,. J. F Burchan, the clerk, showed him a pair. Pulz offered a dime in pay ment. The clerk asked a quarter. Putz drew a gun and shot the clerk twice. Burchan died this morning and tho boy was booked for first degree mur der. oo BOOSTING BRYAN. LINCOLN, Npb.,.Feb. 20. Friends of William J. Bryan have begun ihe circulation in Nebraska of petitions lo plac his name on the Democratic bal lot of April 20 as n candidate for dele gate at large to the Democratic na tional convention at San Francisco. ! V ' . . . J WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. E ear Admiral Robert Edwin Peary, re tired, Arctic explorer and discoverer of the North pole, died at his iiome here today from pernicious anemia from which he had suffered for several years. Arrangements for the funeral have not been com pleted, but he will be buried with full nayal honors. Admiral Peary submitted to a blood transfusion at a hospital here ten days ag'c He later was removed to his home and his condition then was reported as somewhat improved. He gradually grew weak er, howcverj'jjand the end came early this morning. Dr. H. F. Strine, the admiralphysician, disclosed that the transfusion this month was the thiw-fifth to which Admiral Peary had submitted within It was on-fcne afternoon of Sep tember C, Ifltjjthat tho following few words ropurted to the- civilized world for (1& first time this -crowning nqWjjyement of three centuries of enrt: "INDIAN IMRBOR, via Cape Ray, N, F.. Se$ernber G. To the Associated Prqjjg, New York. "Stars and Stripes hailed to North Pole. H fPEARY," Pearyls actual attainment of the pole had been just five months be lore, on April Gi 1009. When .(his dispatch came, the world wasT,. ntii.te unknown . to Peaiyalreadpraising Dr: '-Frdd- .erick -A.-GiasIierisc'oT-erer.-' Only four days previous lo the Peary announcement, Cook, who was on his way lo Copenhagen on board a Danish steamer, had telegraphed the claim that he reached the pole on April 21, 190S nearly a year ahead of Peary. While Dr. Cook's claim did not go unquestioned from the first, he had for four days at least been widely acclaimed as the discover er of the pole. With Peary's message there arose one of the greatest controversies of all ages over the honor of actual first dis covery. There can be no one who has forgotten the dispute. Peary's assertions were not seriously questioned, but among newspaper readers there came to be 'two great camps, for and against Cook. - Peary with his record of seven successful trips to the Arctic, his officinl standing iu the United States navy and scientific circles . easily held the commanding posi tion in the controversy. But it was only after the scientific bod ies one b,y one had sifted tho evi dence and pronounced Cook's claims unfounded that Peary's title as discoverer of the pole was really won. The bitterness of this episodo is only one item in the price 'which Pearv naid for tho immortal fame that is now acknowledged to be his. He spent practically all he had in money, gave all that was in him for hard work, and suffered all that the human frame could endure from hunger, cold and dis appointmen. He made eight 'jour neys into the Arctic, spent up wards of half a million dollars and j several times ho barely escaped the doatli which in various forms had been the fate of more than 700 explorers before him. Tho first step 'that led Peary to ward the polo was taken in Wash ington one day when he walked into a book store to browse and picked up a fugitive account of Greenland. He became an insati able reader on the subject of Ihe Arctic. 0 He was then 30 years old. He was born In Cresson, Pa., in 185G. i-Iis father died when ho w.as three years old, and his mother took him to Portland, Me., where ho spent his boyhood, roaming about j Casco Bay. He wont to Bowdoln College, won fame as a runner and jumper, and stood in the hon or column of scholarship. It was a little later lha't he had gone to Washington to work as draughts man in the Coast and Geodetic Survey offices. Ho spent his spare time studying civil engineering and passed in that branch into the i naval service. He became Licu- tenant Peary, U. S. N ' His first assignment was lo tho tropics. He was a leader of .tho surveying for the Nicaraguan canal route. It was when he re turned to Washington that he fell upon the 'book about Greenland, aud thereafter virtually consecrat ed himself to polar exploratin i Obtaining leave from tho naval rervice. he led an expedition into Greenland, lo determine the ox tent of this mysterious land He determined its insularity, . discov ered and named many Artie puiULs which today are lamiliar namea tuch as Independence Bay, Mel ville Land and Heilpiln Lad, and in one of his later voyages he dis covered the famous me'porites which ho brought back to civiliza tion. One of them, weighing SO tons, is the wonder of visitors to the Museum of Natural History in New York. Between voyages Peary resorted to the lecture platform lo raise funds for further exploration. In one instance he delivered 16S lec tures in 9G days, raising 513,000. On his sixth voyage, with The polo In view, he had to give up be causo both his feet became frozen. Although he had reached the most northerly, Jandjp the world nam-5-' ing it' Cape Morris K. Jessup it the tip of Greenland and had also attained lattitude SL17, the norermost record in the westrn world, he was still i ngreat des pair. He wrote in his diary: "The game Is off. My dream cf sixteen years is ended. I have made the best fight I knew. I he lieve it was a good one. But T cannot accomplish the impos sible." By Ihn time Peary reached civil ization, however, he had decided upon still another trip. With Ihe specially designed ship Roosevelt, Peary drove further Into the froz en ocean than navigator had ever been before. On foot he advanced until his record for this seventh trip stood at S6.G, where starva tion and cold again checked the party. The explorer was 52 years old when in July, 190S, he set out on his eighth and successful invasion of the Polar region. Captain Bartlett, the veteran navigator for Peary, shouted to Colonel Roosevelt as the ship was leaving its wharf at New York: "It's the pole or bust this time, Mr. Roosevelt." The method of attacking the pole was in five detachments, pushing north in tho manner of a tolescone. At thn SRth narallel Peary parted with Captain Bart lett, in charge of the fourth de tachment, and he, with one mem ber of his crew, and four eskimos made the final dash. They cov ered the 135 miles in five days. Thirty hours from April G to 7 were spent at and around the pole a great tract of frozen sea none of the land which Dr. Cook report ed. Tho weather was cloudless and flawless. The temperaure ranged from 33 below to 12 below. Where open places permitted the souuding. 9.000 feet of wire, which was all that Peary had, failed to touch the bottom. When he got back to civiliza tion Peary was surprised to find such a fierce controversy raging over him and his rival, Dr. Cook, but he easily established his claim beforo scientific bodies through out the world. He was raised to tho rank of rear admiral of the United States navy and retired on pay; congress voted him its thanks in a special act, and gold medals, declarations and honors of many kinds were showered upon him. A scientific and popular nara tlve of his success he wove into a book called "The North Pole," while his other expeditions are described in detail in his "North ward Over the Great Ice," and "Nearest the Pole." Peary's closing years were spent in wcll-earued rest, living for a large part of the time with his family of three wife, daughter and son on Eagle Island, off the coast of Portland, Me. Mrs. Peary was formerly Jgsephino DIebilsch. of Washington, D C, marrying the explorer In 188S. She fre quently accompanied her husband on his northward journeys, and on ono of these trips Marie Ahnighito Peary was born and bears the dis tinction of having been born far ther north than any other whito Child in the world. She is popu larly known as "T6e Snow Babv " FEDERAL OFFICERS '. SEIZE IS11B , DEM SHIPMENT 1 Cranberry Type Labeled Red Kidneys, Government Ag ents Charge ! PRICE OF SUBSTITUTE HELD MUCH LOWER i ; Uncle Sam Wants to Protect j Legitimate Canner and Grower as Well WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. Seizure of a large" shipment of canned beans, labeled as "Red Kidney Beans," but which were long cranberry beans, was made recently in Chicago on informa tion furnished by federal food inspec tors. Officials of tiie bureau of chem istry, United Slates department of ag riculture, who are charged with the enforcement of the federal food and drugs act have received information that' large quantities of the low-priced long cranberry bean have been put up under the label or t,he high-priced red kidney bean and are being sold to the consumers at the highor price. Ia spectprs.' hMvc bceit inslTucLeH""to re port for seizure all shipments so mis branded coming within, the jurisdic tion of the federal food and drugs act. The long cranberry bean costs Ihe canner only about half as much as docs the red kidney bean, yet investi gation has shown that when the long cranberry bean is sold under the label of red kidney bean the price to thi! consumer is as much as that of the j genuine red kidney bean. Tho canner is able to sell the mis-j branded red kidney bean to the trade I at a lower price than the genuine red kidney beans command and still make a large profit, since lie pays only about half as much for the long cranberry beau. Tho honest canner who packs the genuine red kidney bean is forced to meet the unfair competition of the lcwer-priced product masquerading un der the same name as the higher-; priced one. The cut.in price which tho canner makes to the trade is of no benefit to the consumer, since in vestigation has shown that the retailer charges the consumer as much for the misbranded articles as for the genuine. The long cranberry bean, which im ported in large quantities from Japan is an excellent article of food, and there is no objection to its sale and use under a truthful label, say the offi cials. The bean looks and tastes very much like the genuine red kidney bean and if sold under its own name could soon establish a market on its own merit, but because its cost is so nniclt1 less than the red kidney bean, its sale under the name of the higher-priced bean is demoralizing to the trade, and j unfair to the consumer. The officials i have inaugurated a campaign to seize j all interstate shipments of beaiw which in this particular violate the food and drugs act. oo SWITZERLAND LIKELY TCt-ENTER LEAGUE BERNE, Thursday. Feb. 19. Adher ence by Switzerland to the league of nations was recommended by the Swiss government in a message to par liament today. What has been known a3 the "American clauses," by which. Switzerland's entry to the league would depend upon similar action by the United States, has been abandoned if parliament approves the recoramen daiion Switzerland will become a member at once FARMERS ASKED FOR CENSUS ASSISTANCE WASHINGTON, Feb. 20 An appeal to the farmers for fuller co-operation with the census bureau was issued to day by Secretary of Agriculture Mere dith The delay and difficulty in tak ing the census of the farms, the sec retary said, has become a matter of serious concern to the department. Part of the delay was ascribed to ad verso weather conditions. Farmers were askel by Mr. Mere dith lo assist tho work by notifying ths department of any farms which havo been overlooked by enumerators. oo REPORT UPON BILL. WASHINGTON, Fob. 20. Tho sen ate commerce committee today order ed favorably reported Chairman Jones' bill prohibiting the sale of the 30 for mer German passenger liners except as may hereafter be provided by con grass. vr t REPLY OF WILSON TO HUTU! ITF ': CLOSES ARGUMENTS President Makes It Clear That SAf-flmArtf- an AcrrPArl I Innn I) UH -t ; JH Cannot be Accepted 1 iH 1 Ll SECRET TREATY OF , LONDON IS OPPOSED Great Cry Made for Publica- l tion of Correspondence Deal- ing With Situation , WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. (By the Associated Press.) The position of jH the American government on the Adri- iH atic settlement has been made so plain ' H in President Wilson's reply to tho al- '1 lied note that administration officials , believe the way to further argument , on the subject virtually has been it was said, however, that by thi.-i th-jy did not mean that the door to j further exchanges had been shut On 1 the contrary, a reply lo the president's latest communication is anticipated I and a final agreement between the great powers on the vexing question j expected. ' The president is understood lo have K made it perfectly clear thathe United J ttl States cannot accept the settlement I! R reached by the allied premiers and ll concurred inby Italy and which was Rl made the subject matter of the ulti fl matum td Jugo-Slavia last month. He , n Is r.aid lo have made it equally clear h B that enforcement of the Adriatic v terms of the secret treaty of London ;' negotiated before this country entered '' tho war, would be wholly unacceptable to the United Slates. 'I ; The president's note probably will I bo put on the cables tomorrow...- j ltAva.latcdoriicialU)at,th"c''hu'c5i IC t,ion of giving publicity to . the e. changes would wait on the delivery of ' f the president's note and the acquics . 1 coace ot the other governments. j ROME. Wednesday. Feb. IS. Com ! menting. on the situation which ha., arisen since President Wilson sent hi I note ro the supreme allied council rci 1 ativn to the Adriatic question the l Epoca says: '! "Old Europe with all its defects ' 9 never, until five years ago, needed f B American advice in the conduct of V yM r.f faiis, while now after victory has ' been achieved, every European aotlor ' must be submitted to President Wil son. Is it possible that even Amerl ; can public opinion can countenance- .i lH such an absurdity?" j. JJ The situation created by Mr. Wilson )1 pleases El Tempo, which says tin j! president's action "strengthens tho (' 'M union of the European allies." The r Popolo Romano expresses Its "thanks t' jM to Mr. Wilson," saying "for the third time he has saved Italy from accept I jM ing a solution of the Adriatic question i lM which was a renunciation of rights le ' ! which she was entitled." The Messaggero asks for tho publi , cation of the text of Mr. Wilson's coi- H respondence about the Adriatic ques. lion, expressing surprise that the Am- Sl crlcau president "doesn't abolish so cret diplomacy." The same newspaper , publishes a statement from Charles Hitchcock Sherrell. former United 'States minister to 'Argentina, saying:' 1 "For the same- reason the Panama ca- 'M nal belongs to America, the Adriatic j belongs lo Italy." 1 i YOUTHFUL GUNMAN H HANGED IN CHICAGO I 1 CHICAGO, Feb. 20 John "Smiling j Jacli" O'Brien. 21-year-old gunman, was hanged in Cook county Juil lliiy j morning for the murder of Patrolman ; JH Richard Burke. ' ' Tho execution was delayed nearly an i hour when a last-in inu to request was gl received from the grand jury asking ;V J to sec O'Brien. The jurors remained in the death chamber and watched the hanging. fl O'Brien was convicted of shooting a fil policeman in a gun battle in a saloon t f He ueclared in court that he was guil- fil ty, but three days ago claimed that he fll had pleaded guilty when the lato ll "Mossy" Enright, leader of a gunmen's jl clan, who was killed recently by a ll member of his own band, offered to f get him off with a two-year sentence 1 if ho would accept the hlamo to shield v. a relative of Enright. The pardon bo am and Lieutenant Governor Oglesbee re fusee', to grant a reprieve to Invest! gate the story. oo I AMERICAN HELD BY H ! BANDITS IS RELEASED i ! .NEW YORK, Feb. 20 Wilson Welch , Adams, an American mine superinten dent, has been released by tho bandit:. who kidnaped him for ransom from the Provldencia mine in Mexico, and jl has arrived safely at Saltillo, accord- ' ing to a telegram received today by tho American Metal company, limited, V his employer. The bandits demanded $25,000 ransom but the telegram did h wM not say whether the money had been j paid or whether Adams' release was V forced by Mexican government troops j who wore known to he in pursuit. Ad j ams' wife lives in Los Angeles.