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The Evening standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1910-1913, September 10, 1910, Part Two, Image 13

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058397/1910-09-10/ed-1/seq-13/

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J t I F Z I lic Scdllcc oi Fa K m lUg e r p t r < I 6 27 J f t f 110 J2JJLr t i = Tm 1
I i nun UIO bi n
J tkn1 Prti ClllcroJ
I i
1 I
i I i i Answers by the veterinarian
Dr A S Alexanricr
ttliconln College of Aorlcuttury
Moon Calves
I I MY COW dill not clean and when I re
jVI moved tho afterbirth olahteim moon
i calves ctfrnc away with It After a tlmo I
got Home more afterbirth and some more
I moon calves but this cow la aid ntlll ami
tho removaL of afterbirth and muon calve
did not help much If any What causes moon
calves and how may they bo preventedf
I I What IB the best way to remove the after
birth when held back by the cow KcntUck
1 i ReplyThere Is no such thIng as a moon
I calf BMIef In such absurdities belongs lit
I I the sflino category with such mythical dlc
I eoacs as wolf III the tall hollow horn
tho hooks lampers wolf teeth etc
and thopeoplo who Speak of them and treat I
them usually are devout believers In the I
filgns of the zodiac The signs have no
bearing whatever on mundane affairs J1d ure I
no longer believed In by educated people
The things you have called moon calves arc
I th cotyledbiiH or buttons of the womb j
I and arc natural normal and nocetsary They I
i should riot be removed It they arc torn I
I oft bythc one who removes the afterbirth by
I hand Infection la alnwst sure ta follow or I
fthe cow may hired seriously aiiil afterward I
I may prove barren The afterbirth should
I bo removed by hand but tho man doing tho i
I Mwork should understand the anatomy of the
womb and take needed antiseptic precautions I
U to prevent infection
1 I i h i
f Cock Ankles I
1 i
f I have a large mule affected with cock
rankles behind Silo stands on hor toca and
when walking often stumbles It was caused
I five months ago by backing a heavy oil
I wagon If there Is u cure will you kindly I
teII me what It Is and obllgc1 C 0 I
Madison S D j
1 ReplyWheti thickening and consequent
I phortonlng of the tendons has led to knuck I
ling of the fotlocke and tho condition has
become chronic nothing short of an opera
r tlnn by an expert veterinarian will prove t
I i remedial The operation consists Jn severing
the tendons bringing the fetlocks Into nor
mal position and then Riving suitable treat I I
jnont until healing of the wounds has taken
place In tho preaent stage it Is possible
that the operation may be avoided Hemovo
the nlioes and trim thu hoofs
n to normal pro
I ortlonu and shape Poultice the back ten
frlons with antlphloglstlne put on hot and I
cover with cotton batting and bandars
Renew the poultices each tlmo they become
somewhat dry Continue ror a week then
wash oft clown and when dry put on ban
dages After another week If the knuckling I
utlll Is present blister one affected part I
back tendons with cerate of cantlmrldes
after removing the hair and in a week or ion I
days bilK ter the other one In the sumo way
It may be necessary to blister the tendons I
several times at Intervals of two or threo
weeks but this treatment may do some Rood I
Tho blister Is rubbed in for fifteen minutes
and the mule tied up so that the part cannot
k bo bittcn or rubbed Wash the blister off in
fortyeight hours and then apply a little lard I
I I dully for a week
I m
i H L I r i
I I Showing tho tlrnplo porches lhatmay bo oiaMy
p t I I rontoKtd from tho hout oat any tlmo
Ii ompall inS rut are made with this in view
By not being nailed to the sides of tho build
l ing they ran be taken out whenever it Is
t I necessary to disinfect them By being low
tho fowls of the heavier breeds can easily
11 y up on them and they will not Injure their
i feet In jumping down as they frequently do
I when the roosts arc high
I Aa to the matter of nests the sumo rule
I will hold The cut shows a good way to con
struct nest MO they can be removed for
cleaning Old boxes are all right for making
the nests and they can be not on the shelf
which haM supports fastened to the wall It
I Is a constant fight to keep the poultry free
from lice and mIte and b
by having things ar
nuigud properly the work can be made
In natures capricious lap aro hid the cle
ments of food clothing and shelter of the
human nice bonldoz untold million of gold
silver and other metals which she refuses to
Give up exceptin compllanccvlth htr lawn
I A K SUcltney prttefflvni Chicago Great
Waa railway
t t t
rr f i
Iw orld s F ture SuppIyof Wheat
THE present time tho nubjet < the
AT possibilities of tho worlde supply of
I wheat IK kept before tim people of the
country by rome of the magazines and the
commercial props that seem prone to dls
J cuss It from several standpoints but as yet
j I have not seen any comment on tho subject
j that approaches Its magnitude It Is a great
I HUbJacl one difficult to calculate near the
I exact extent with any absolute assurance of
I bolog oorrict But ax many who have read
some of the articles on the subject and
heard the matter discussed In private are
expressing feelings of apprehension of a
great shortage of this important cercijir I
have though best to venture some facts
thnt may set at rest the feelings of dark
forebidngs und bring rays of hope for us
and future generatIons
As a student of anthropology or the
I science of mankind in Itn entirety It has
been a > e3uMiru to serk out what facts I
Imo been able to In regard to thc Important
nubjoct of tho possibilities of a livelihood for
th4 entire mas es r humanity And also
as a student r > f ethnolovv or the science of
tho races of mankind It has bcca ja pleasure
to study till characteristics of each of the
mces of men and get as nearly the facts
as poKslblo as it their natural Inclinations
and probable achievements which can be
reckoned upon very coscly as to tho out
come of each lu the worlds jork In tho
It Is a fact well known to all students of
men that of the three great branches of
the human kind the lowest tho black races
have been too Indolent When left to them
selves to make tray worthy progress in
civilization The middle races or tho reds
and browns have been builders of temples
and tombs and yet have been selfish brutal
and cruel slow to take In advancement cx
cipt when they have i een forced to do so
ivhon brought Into competition with the
white races The Japtneae are tho noted
exception and their progress is duo to hav
ing been awakened by tl < e vhle races
The Arylon or white races have been
making rapid strides during the last ono
thousand roars und have become the domi
nant races that are soon to control the world
As the nnmu Aryan i in pi I ox they are the
tillers of the soil Ayr meant originally to
plow They were the first to discover the
use that could be made of the king of metals
Iron and after manipulating It and shaping
their tools they cleared the native forest
trees away plowed the ground and planted
the crop
They started from In the northeast of
Asia and worked their way to western Asia
and Europe It was undoubtedly In the fer
tile valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates
rivers that they Improved the conditions and
developed from grass trlllcum or wheat
grass what we call wheat It was for a long
time supposed that central Asia was the
native country of the wheat plant but
recent discoveries disclose the fact that
around the Mediterranean sea tho wheat
grass Is found and when brought under
cultivation becomes transformed Into wheat
ByNA Clapp
1 ii i
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F f J P v Jhy
i Products of the Constituents of Ultcat Judging the Merits of Jfhcat Itself
Studcnts at the University of Missouri college of agriculture studying wheat in the
farm crops laboratory Six hundred were enrolled in the agronomy courses last year
More care is required in the gathering of seed wheat than seed corn and the practice of
seed selection in wheat is not advanced the degree of seed corp selection
amount would begin to stimulate activities In
production In nil parts of time wheat growing
portions of the world nu1 > yw must calcu
late that tho annual yield mentioned would
bo much larger than will be required for the
reason that In the portions of the world north
of thu temperate zone tho consumption of
wheat Is not large In those countries near
the equator other articles of food are used
largely and tho demand for wheat will not
be great
The condition in our own country and
tho possibilities of production are what con
cerns UH most I am willing to admitthat
the alarmists assertions ha5 In somtl ays
good foundation as far as the probabilities
of the supply of wheat In our country to
meet h < Jmc needs Thp practices of a great
portion of tho wheat grower are such as
entitle them to thc cognomen of poll rob
bers They continue to raise wheat aR r
wheat without returning to the soil th
essential elements theyhavo taken from It
and when the business in that locality be
comes unprofitable they move on to newer
The elements of plant food that become
exhausted first are nitrogen and phosporus
The nitrogen can bo returned by the use of
clover and the arIlcatlon of tho excrement
from farm animals The phosphorus must
bo gathered and returned by thy use of bones
from animals and the ground and treated
rock from the phosphate bed the primeval
grave yards found in some parts of the world
It Is undoubtedly true that nhc phosphate
beds In t1e soutl ftsterly portions of the
country are n tho hands of syndicates und
If tho wheat growers ecek a supply from
that source tlVy will be required to pay
well for It In the states of Utah Idaho andr
Wyoming there arc vast beds of phospho
rock and there have been efforts made to
Induce congress to withdraw them from the
market and hold them for the benefit of Un I
people of tho country Instead of allowing
them to go Into the hands of speculators
Our congressmen have not been thus far
awakened to the necessities of the situation
They arc willing to spend weeks and months j
In an apparent effort to unseat a 3Iorman
senator a thing they know they cannot ilo
under the contltution for it guarantees to j
every Individual a right to any religious I
faith and religious liberty
AVo have reason to believe that the pros I
enl agitation of the wheat pioblem will bring
about beneficial results If by reason of
these discussions In the press jlie matter
can be brought to = the confederation of the
vast army of wheat producers of the coun
try and each and every Individual can be
Induced to Intelligently conserve the ele
ments necessary for continuous wheat pro
duction It will tond to ease the minds of
Ciose who are apprehensive of trouble In
the near future ann defer by a long period I
of year the time when the people of the
United Stat will be obliged to draw from
tho outside world a portion of tho wheat I
needed to meet their necessities
I A LL Improved breeds of animals are the re I
suit of mans genius It Is not the na
ture of any cow to proHuco a large quantity I
of milk and establish such records as we
read < jf from time to time her natural duty
is to give sulilclent milk to nourish her I
calf for a few months each year Neither
Is It natural for the animals wo designate
as beef breeds to carry such an enormous
amount of Mesh Nature Intended the for
mation of llcsh solely for warmth and pro
tection of tho body with no thought of the
Commercial value of fat and Hush Years j
ago perhaps thousands all cattle were tho
ha me just as we know the buffalo tho deer
uid the elk today It was not until man
undertook their domestication that tin Vari
ous breeds were formed and a system of
evolution inaugurated which has brought
about the present variety and assortment
of breeds The dairy cow has been the re
sult of feeding phd selection for a dullnilo
purpose so that by selecting tho best milk
ers and giving tptm proper feeding and
care it has been lJOHlbloo bring to their
presunt high state of development the differ
ent breeds of dairy cattle However while
they are aprwirenlly fixed In type and char
I acjerlstlca thoro Is alays a tendency to
revert to some remote ancestral trait It
Ibu unlmalu U EJ UU U Ui4auiuvt the iooil
Starting from the early homo of the
Ayrnn races we can begin to calculate on tho
extent and possibilities of thc worlds pro
duction of wheat If we look to the north
east across the fertile valleys of the Euphra
tes and tho Tigris up across Independent
Tartary Into Itusala and on Into Siberia
wu would cover more than one hundred mll
lions of acres that can bu reclaimed and mad
to add to the already largo supply of wheat
Leave out the United States which has not
nearly reached her maximum capabilities
nail glance to the great country northwest of
us comprising Manitoba Saskatchewan and
Alberta and we entild find fifty millions of
acres well adapted to raising wheat that has
as yet been untouched
If we look at Australia we find a vast
country capable of furnishing an addition
to the whcatllelds of llfty millions of acre
If we look to Africa there la the great fertile
country of Manchuria and other portions
that can more than duplicate the possibilities
of Australia Then we have at the south of
t the great country of Argentina with her
eighty millions of acres adapted to raiding
wheat an I only onefourth of It touched by
the plow
work of generations of progressive breed I
ing would be lost sight of There is no
breed of animals that will go on Improving
without constant assistance and the direct
Ing hand of man As civilization baa ad
vanccd and the population become more
I dense the demand for milk and its products
has increased and the dairy cow by selec
I tion and feeding has developed tu meet this
demand Obeying that universal law that
always moves along the lino of least resist
ance the dairy cow has taken on tho form t
best adapted to enable her to produce a
I heavy fiow of milk with the least expend
iture of energy Thus we have what Is
known aJUhu dairy typo or dairy form which
we find in all dairy breeds of cattle I e I
I Jersey Gucrn6iy Ayrshire and Holstein I
The Shorthorn was at one time called a dairy j
I breed or the dual purpose cow hut the show I
yard Judges have shown such a preference
1 to the breed as a beef animal that It Is no
longer known among the heavy milkers Tho
j Wisconsin experimental station tried for sev
I eral years under Professor Curllsliig instruc
I tIon to prove that the large dual purpose
cows were time most profitable for the Wis
I consin farmers After calculating the value
i of food consumed and allowing market prices I
I fur 111ii iai It w1 Uown conclusive 4V rot
Of course It requires limo to develop and
put Into productive operations the vast
stretches of territory that arc adapted to
wheat growing but as fast as the stimulus
of hlch prices Is given to the over active and
Industrious Aryans the movements for the
comutsts of the great whrat lleld will be
Inair Xiratcd and the supplies of wheat will
bo Increased By the modern methods of
transporialon distance Is almost eliminated
from the proposition and It matters but hit
tie wirte the worlds supply iu to como
from Camda Siberia Manchuria Australia
or Argentina our necessities will be supplied
Without great advancement in price to the
1 About fifty years ago we were taughtthat
thefo were ten hundred million of people In
time world I At tho present time ILls claimed
that there are sixteen hundred nnd twenty
live million or an Increase of n little over 60
per cent At the sani ratio of increase
In 1930 there will be approximately twenty
live hundred million people which at the
efltliratrd average rate of consumption of
five bushels per head would require twelve
billion five hundred million bushels to supply
lt9 necessities of the annual needs That
the dual purpose cow could not bo strongly
lucommendcd In the report of the Wiscon I
sin station for liOG It is stated At the
present time we find It practically Impossi I
ble o secure cows of marked capacity for I
dairy production among tlm Shorthorn I
breed Tvo covs stand In the same tutu i
ble both arc fed the same ration yet ono
will extract from tho food twice the amount l
of butter fat This fact Is seen very fro I
quently In all herds What Is the Inner I
quality whereby one cow can produce so I
much more than the other from the samo I
amount of food It Is hard to find the right
nairtts for It bet It may be called dairy qual I
ity low urtaln breeds of tattle are dls
llnswlanc fo7 this Duality the hnvn the
power to accomplish this work in the pro I
portion and perfection by reason of having
been bred for that purpose from long line j
of ancestors nt like quality Thousands of i
farmers will spend their tlmo and monoy I
trying to make cows of beef breeding do I
daliy work Docs It not seem reasonable that I
In a breed where dairy traits havo been the I
sole object of the originators whoy0 work
has been handed down or rather carried on I
for several centuries by generation after
after generation of successful brooders Hint
4V w tfldMu aducc animal of aprollta
J At F
bio dairy type Is much more firmly fixed and
the power to transmit thoeu qualities Is
greater In the purebreeds than the animals
that havo been bred Indifferently It Is Just
as easy for a man to serve two masters aa
It Is for a cow to please both tho butcher
and dairyman Tim functions rf meat and
dairy production are opposite factors The
ow will either cleave to the one rr yield to
the other limo modern dairy cow is the
marvel of the twentieth century When
cows arc capable of prodtic4ig ntisrly their
own weight of butter annually It Is certainly i
a wonderful performance I e ihc Holstein
flow Sarn Jewel Hongcerveld 3d produced
t04 pounds of butter In seven days J21 13
pounds In thirty days her mother produced
a little over 100 pounds of milk in one day
and 085 pounds In veven days last summer
There Is no reason why this recoil cannot
bo beaten The wholo history of the ad
vanced dairy cow Is It constant recurrence
of reeordfc established and broken down
While we do not hope in see the average
cow producing her weight in butter anfl
thh record taken as the standard of excel
lence for the farmers herd yet we have con
vincing proof of what can be accomplished
by uI IUtlo care and an intelligent selec
tion and 1 hope to P ee the time when cvary
farmer Is keeping a record of his cows and
Insisting upon a certain standard orc4 ry
cow lu his herd
f IJ t
r c
I Questions of the Feed Lot
j Proftator Herbert IY Mumford I
1 Itllioli Ccllest of Aarleutfjrj
Gutting Most Out of Pasture
I 14AHICH Is tho best way to get tho mosl I
I VV out of pasture and by pasturing My I
tixperlfVo in buying 1000pjund feeders In
the spi I c at J5CO per 100 pounds and feed
I ing five 111 six months and sellIng at 000 at
home or 040 In rlilcazo with lilghprlced
I corn does not mix on 150 land I have tried
buying 700 to 800 pound steers nt 175 In the
I prinK fending hay nnd corn till grass and
graze from May till stalk field rough them
about n year then feed them out time fol I
lowing summer but the first com plus what
their grass and food turn worth makes thorn I
cost me tG to 310 more than what they could
I be bought for In the market I have sixtyfour I
I head now bought last February at 176
i warmed up on corn and clover hay until May
m 20 have had all the rII stalks and straw
I they wanted They weighed 350 pounds then
I last February and 1050 pounds now nnd
I would lirjDR 185 at Lome or JIC5 to S 173
In Chicago I have corn clover and timothy
hay and straw oats and wheat Would It
be profitable to add cottonseed or ollmeaf
If so how much per day feed all along or r
start them with It and when turned on gross
leave off the meal Time KAHMHIUI AND
I DHOVRIIS JoiRXAU quotes heifers poor to fair
I mixed at 2751350 per hundredweight If
I one should buy the 350 kind or better
I weighing 600 to 700 pounds and feed them
I 120 days from March 1 what gain could hf
I expect Would they fatten up faster than
steers oftimo rame quality and weigh and
I v
show better price for corn 7
I Your question Which Is the host way to
grot the most out of pasture land by pastur
I I ing cattle Is an extremely difficult one
What would prove the most profitable one
I year might not another Wo have known
some persons to get very satisfactory tent
I per acrs by buying thin feeding cattle In time I
spring or possibly the fall before wintering
them as cheaply as possible kcophig them
I thrifty and growing turning them to pasture
I and selling them in the ill as feeders without
any attempt to flesh them up with grain
I feeding Stock heifers such as you describe
arc also bought for the same purpose but
I must of course be purchased much cheaper
They can be matured In shorter lime Heif
i ers Much as you describe put In the feed lot
I and fed corn with good roughage and pos
sibly some cottonseed meal ought to gain
I from a pound and a half to two pounds and
a half per head per day depending of course
upon time weight and condition of tho cattle
anH the amount and character of tho rotlon
fed Concerning the feeding of the sjxty
four head now on hand I think It would cor
lulnly pay to feed omo cottonseed meal un
less the quality of your loughage Is good and
pretty nearly pure clover hay
The Dual Purpose Cow
THE difference between tho dual purpose
I cow and the dairy cow Is Just tho differ
ence between a machine that Is made for Its
purpose nnd opo that Is nptf What would
you think of a man who would go out to hlH
field to cut grass with a sowing machine
ExGovernor W D Hoard of Wisconsin
w =
4 f r
t Poultry House Fixtures
1WN the poultry house is being erected
hVY Inside fixtures ohould bo arranged
ioifailitato the cleaning and disinfecting of
I the house for lice To do this the roosts
I 1toutd be outdo so they can be cosily re
F oveOand taken out of the house at any
I tlme The roosU recommended by the De
I partment Agriculture as shown in the acv
li H f crnfLo
i J ff1
shbt > cneot oio e and
supports Th
s I Thojilocoao
VSAro the orlyVriVoTioioncdlo tho building
2 d
i t
L1 j
ffr 1
j frr
I i 111
1r t j iiii1tIii
I I 1i fl I I l
Machine Not Complete Success I
A SUCCESSFUL milking machine satis I
j factory in all points should mean much
tq the dairy Industry At present the small
quantitj and poor quality of farm labor I
available In many sections make dairying
there Impracticable on a large scale for with
uncertain help the farmer can keep only so
many cows as he can handle alone when need
arises If u machine be perfected that will
take the place of any considerable part of
the necessary hand labor In caring for dairy
stables it will mark a long step In advance
for dairying The production of milk on
many farms could then be raised from an
incident to a business and It Is only as a
I business carefully studied and properly
managed that dairying can bo an economic
Machines are on the market that are at
least mechanically successful that Is they
do milk cows but before they can he recom
mended without many qualifications much
more than this must he known The work
must not only be done but to be considered
successful It must be done ns well or better
than it can be done by hand and more cheap
ly without decrease In quantity or lowering
of quality of the milk and without Immediate
or remote 111 effect upon the animals Tho
advent of these machines has placed on dairy
Investigators the duly of determining their
good and bad points
Spend less time In envying tho success of
your neighbors and a little more Intrying to
get there yyur elC I
l Foreign Live Stock Notes
THE jradlng up of sheep stocks In South
I Africa by drafts from noted Australian
Hocks has begun to tell Since the war tho
output of wool has been doubled and In a
ow years South Africa may easily become
one of the principal sources of our wool sup
The sheep markets aro not particularly
brisk and prices both for store and fat con
signments have shown u tendency to decline
Anthrax continues to be the most dis
quieting feature In the returns under the dis
eases of animals acts published by the board
of agriculture This dread disease 1M wide
spread1 and outbreaks are becoming more
common and though every precaution is
taken for the destruction of the bodies of In
fected animals It Is evident that more drastic
measures will be necessary to keep it in
Grassfed cattle ore arriving In the mar
kets In Increasing numbers but the majority
are very Imperfectly llrlshed Buyers how
ever arc not In a position to pick and
choose and all classes of animals sell at
good prices The grazier has a double object
In marketing his bullocks nt this early period
he not only benefits by the high prices by
clearing his llrst supplies he will be able to
restock Ills pastures and have another lot
ready for the butcher before harvest In
this way ho hopes to Increase his profit
though he has to pay dearly for store stock
cspcsclally for those In advanced condition
and that class alone Is suitable for his pur
pose London Live Stpck Journal
I J Blasting Bowlders i I
j PROFESSOR STEWART chief of the
j 1 division of cnglneeilng at Mlnnorotn ag
ricullural college says that ordinarily it la
I not economical to break rocks by placing ex
plosives on top of them a method requiring a
very high grade mid large quantity of dyna
mite In such casv If the bowlder is hard
I the attempt will often result in failure The
efficiency of this method may be somewhat
increased by laying the explosive In a depres I
sion In the Iocl and covering it with wet
Another method Is to make a hole with a I
long auger or spade through the earth to a
point under thocenter of the rock and place I
the explosive there tamping the hole full of
I dirt afterward This method Is much more
satisfactory than time first though It many
times throws the rock out of the ground un
I The surest method and the one requiring
the least explosive Is to drill a hole In the
rock and tamp In the chargs with dunp clay
The proper plan where a large numbur
of rocks are to bebroken up IT to do a little I
experimenting Try each of these methods I
keeping an account of the time required to
prepare the charge the cost of explosive used
and the results and from these determine thai I
best method to use with the rocks In ques
tion With highpriced explosive and cheap
labor It will ordinarily be most economical
to drill the rock If labor Is scarce and high
priced It may bo more dcslrablo to use a lar
ger quantity of explosive under the rock us
suggested above
Treating Sidebone
OIDBBONE Is a disease that comes on a
t horse on the outside of the front foot
juSt above tho hoof There Is a cartilage there
probably used to give somewhat of a spring
to the heel In a healthy horse you place
your finger there and you can spring thai
cartilage but sometimes that turns into side
bone In young growing colts if the feet
turn out on tho outside It causes Inllamma
tlonrn bony growth Is thrown out and we
havo ildebone Then again a horse may bc
ccme bruised there by another horse stepping
on him or something In the field and it
causes aldebone The sldcbono may not do
any particular harm where It Is soft around
on your farm but when you get that horse
on frozen ground or in the city he gets lame
We cannot treat It any more than any other
bone disease All we can do Is to put On
some kind of Irritating liniment and Irritate
It and bring tho blood there It Is like bon
You cannot cure bone spavin All you can
do Is to put on sonic Irritating liniment and
got those bones grown together and your
horse goes without laming He goes wti
a little Jerk but not lame You can take It
oft so it gets smooth to tho outside but If
you will dissect It you will find they have
grown together
It will do the professional students good
to be educated side by aide with those who
expect to obtain a living by Illborlloi1
Justin S Morrlll
I a Draw a Plan of the Farm
I x OHDEIt to properly arrange crop rota
1 lions It Is best to draw a plan of tho farm
and arrange It on paper first and then put It i
Into actual practice The man who makes j
the greatest success is he who plans bin work I
ahoad rime following farm plan Is drawn by
JGIT ech I
II gJ zR 1u aPt I
i + wr co I 2SOOTL I
I Vt OR acv
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Professor W J Splllman of the Department
1 of Agriculture at Washington and Is of a
I nlntvacre farm and permits of a single
road to every field on the farm The doubln
t lln + s represent the road
I Undocked Lambs Filthy
THE animal husbandry division of the
T luvpurtinont 11 ixritultuie of this state
suggests the docking of lambs at nn early
I age become those undocked not only pre
sent a filtlty condition when turned out to
pasture but soon get Into an Insanitary
condition that Invites disturbance from flies
Docked ewc lumbs are also shown lmy fhu
station experiments to develop Into better
and surer breeders A large per cent of un
dooHed owe himbs utterly fall to breed On
the market tlin docked sheep being sightly
and clunn bring 25 or fiO cents a hundred
pounds more than the undocked The inor
let demands clean holesomolooklng stock
If a distinguishing murk In sexes Is desired I
by the farmer an ear can be clipped on one
lOX Such x wound will heal In a day or
t O and will nut detract fiomtho esli vuluo
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