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The Evening standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1910-1913, September 10, 1910, Part Two, Image 16

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Tho following article is reproduced from the American Magazine for September by Stewart Edward White The article is copy r
righted all rights being reserved But by special favor from the editor of the magazine the Standard is permitted to reproduce the
sarno on condition that proper protection is given
S Mr White the author of the article has given the Ballinger testimony deep personal study and he says that Secretary Ballinger
is an unfaithful man and that he represents the interests and not the people of the United States The article should be read by I
I everybody
r Nearly a year ago when the Glavis
I charges first cauio dnt nnd when
F circumstantial and documentary evi
r dence piled up with startling rapidity
I and unanimity Ballinger announced
I that his dofondo would cause tho as
tounded public at once to acknowl
ti edge him us an abused and vilified
man That defense Is now all In
One bumble inomber of the public
is willing to acknowledge himself
1 Ballingors defense fell along de
I fined lines a It flatly denied tho
f veracity of a half dozen reputable wit
i nesses b forgot failed to re
member could not recall c it
substituted for the obvious reading
m of letters and public documents the
most remarkable technical involved
and from tho vluuirolut of common
sense absurd Interpretations d It
I sheltered I Ufl principal behind assser
ions of ignorance Against a truly
I formidable array of public records
prlvatp documents personal testi
iriouy and logical deduction It had
only tho above flimsy subterfuges to
offer Not one record not one letter
nothing but technically legal Inter
L protatlons 01 nonlegal matters no
private testimony save denials This
n a measured statement made after
an exhaustive and somewhat ex
hausting examination of tho proceed
ings The promised defense has
dwindled to shifts and evasions
Balllngor has been twice while
washed once by Taft once by WIck
ersham Both these gentlemen claim
ed that their action was based on
thorough Investigation Tho ofticlal
Inquiry scorns to show that the In
1 vestigation was Balllngers
Three Thrillers and One Farce
How do we know By an examina
tion of the evidence I had Intended
to attempt a resume of the trial but
the space at my disposal Is too con
tracted There are some thousands
of pages to the record So Instead I
shall offer you throe ycencs and a
farce from thy main drama
These are only four of a couple
of dozen or so bo It understood
Perhaps somo people would crit
1cho my selection alleging
that other scenes and other farces are
more significant My reply would be
that even were this so these are sig
nificant enough 1
Ao will take up then the following
I The ClQarllstlng of the Public
II The Activities of u Private Citi
III The Interpretation of the Law
This to be followed by that shriek
Ing farce
IV The Mystery of tho Missing
Letters I
I The Clearllstlng of the Public
It will bo recalled Uiat Agent Love
made a report favorable to the clear
listing of the Cunningham claims I
This was Immediately followed by ad
verse icporta from Agents Jones and
f Glavls BalHnger then land commis
sioner jumped over the two later ad
verse reports made on Investigation j
and clcarllsted on the basis of Love
earlier report Even the Love report
was not so very favorable In It ho
remarked that Cunningham had stat
ed Jt has always been the hope
that arrangements might be effected
after entry for the Joint working of
the lnndsa hope In this connec
tion was hardly a guarantee that the i
rights of tho public would be protect
ed Subsequently both Glavls and
Jones testified that In conversation
Ballinger bad agreed with them that
Love was not fit to decide the case
owing to political aspirations This
Is one of tho things Balllngor In his
testimony did not recall I
At any rate the lands wore order
ed clearllstcd on the basis of Loves
report Balllngors letter to Taft on
this point reads as follows
ml had no knowledge of the specific
facts or any facts contained In the
records nnd files of the general land
ofllce further than what was con
tained In Special Agent Loves report
Tho files were not laid before mo
nor examined by mo at any time nor
wore their contents made Known to
me I
That Is a fairly specific statement
i On tho basis of that and evidently
t without other basis Taft wrote
I llnd that as Commissioner you
I acquired no knowledge with respect to
I tho claims except thut of the moat
formal character
A Thing That Needs Explaining
Lot us soc how ncciirnto Is one gen
tleman nnd how much misled the oth
It occurred to neither that this was
In Itself a strange utntoment Balllu
ors personal friends wore engaged
In getting many many million dol
lars worth of land for oJSOO and he
knew nothlne of IL Furthermore
that land was under Balllngers guar
dlanahlp Suppose you were to put a
I Subordinate In charge of your busi
ness suppose ho were to come to you
saying I let three men Into tho
vaults last night Somebody said they
were all right but my knowledge c4
them Is of the most formal character
what would you Bay to him and how
I Jar would you bounco him
Now In taco of this I
alleged Igno
rance comes tho toBtiraony not of men
merely but of documentary records
It was shown that on four specific oc
cnslons BalllDRor had personally In
terviewed nil throe of his agents In
regard to the riiuninRhnm claim
that In those IntorvlcwR ho had given
I inlnuto and dnflnltn orders that elm
JOE them ho discussed with both Love
and Jones all the
evidence they wore
gatherIng Furthermore Jones teatl
fled that ho had delIvered his report ot
Bnlllugor In portion On this latter
point Balllnger Is agaIn forgetful
Cornered on tlila point Balllnpcr
calmly stated thai ho considered also
be Jonos report favorable
It accrued therefore Urn Mr Hal
linger was acquainted with thhr Impor
I tant document though he told tho
i fjroaldcnt he know only tho Love re
I port
I Ballinger In Private Life
t There wag nine more corroborative
b4d11Fmaf4 iLJuatee C w ntaneJo
with the situation It Is not necessary
to adduce it here Let us pass on to
n The Activities of a Private Cit
izenAfter ordering the clbarllsting ot
the Cunningham claims Balltnger
was forced by Glavis piotoat to re
scind the order and to command fur
ther Investigation His sincerity and
zeal in doing this aro Mst Illustrated
by a private telegram sent to one of
tho Cunningham claimants
Temporary sic t delay caused by
report of field agent
Ho urged impossible haste on the
Investigators he tried by every means
In his power to bring tho lands to
patent This I Hlfotched In the Amor
lean Magazine for March Every
point therein staled was strengthened
by the testimony before tho Investi
gating committee On March I hay
ing failed In his efforts Bnllingor re
tired to private life
Now there arc two rules to cover
his subsequent actlvllles one legal
the other ethical
The law stales that no oxpublic of
ficial can take up a pending claim
against tho government within two
years after ho leaves office
Legal ethics forbid a lawyer taking
foe fr6m both sides
When Ballinger entered prlate life
an affidavit for the Cunninghams was
drawn up and Ballinger personally
took It across tho continent to Gar
field For tills It can bo proved that
ho received 250 No ouo knows what
further consideration Ballinger may
have received hut this much Is cor
lain Bnlllnger gays his activities
woro merely friendly that these were
not legal services under tho law
To this quibble Vertrees his counsel
adds that this affidavit does not fall
within tho scope of an Investigating
committee anyway because at that
tlmo Balllngor was not In the govern
mcnl employ As a nice frank manly i
refutation this is to be comraonded
Furthermore and just for good meas I
mo tho allldavit was not wholly truo i
If Balllngor did not know of this lat
tor fact his friendly advice was
worth just about what he claims ho t
got for It 0
It was also proved that at least sev
en times the philanthropic Ballingor
held consultations with different Cun
nlnghaiii claimants Ballinger says he
gave this advice Surely a disinter J
osted act for a professional man Still
Taft thinks lie did 1
During Balllngors year of private
life he acted for and used his Infill
once In behalf of the Hanford Irrlga
ton company Klncald H n Hard I
man White McKenzie Coal Lands
and the Green group The latter wore
at that time under investigation for >
fraud lie ulso tried to get the In
dlnn office to sell land to tho Wahpalo I
irrigation company which ho repre
pouted This land was so sold after I
he became secretary of the
In all these activities ho was jnost
cortalnly violating legal ethics As j
land commissioner he had been or
was supposed to have been the at I
torney for the people I
III The interpretation of the Law
Balllngor now became secretary of
the interior Immediately the Gun
awoke to life after
nlngham claims le afer
This must
lying quiescent for a year
have been mere coincidence for sure
ly Ballingor as a public servant would I
never have knowingly stood behind
claims which bore such palpable ev
idence of attempted fraud
More Interesting Facts
Among tho expedients tried oul was I
one evolved by Plerco and Dennell
two of Balllngors subordinates later
elevated to loading roles In the cele
brated goat defense Dennett dug
up an Interpretation of the law under
which the Cunningham claims could
be patented Glavls took the opposite
view and objected so strongly that
Ilalllnger agreed to refor the matter
to tho attorney general for decision
A letter was prepared with this pur
pose In view This letter was never
signed and never sent Having paci
fied Glavle by this bluff Halllnger re
ferred the matter to Plorce Tho
astute reader Is allowed one guess as
to which way Pierce decided Once
more the claims were In a fair way
to patent I
Glavls was naturally much disturb
ed when he found this out Ho con
Bulled with a friend exAttorney Gen
I oral Hoyt Hoyts testimony is that
on May 2i he himself went to tho at
torney general and lull before him
tlu documents The attorney general
I agreed that Pierces decision seemed
wrong ami would cause n scandal
and requested that Gals come to sos
him This Glavls did on May 25 Im
mediately after this Interview the at
torney general saw Ralllnger The
matter of the laws interpretation was
thereupon referred to the attorney
general who promptly overruled
Pierces decision >
Before going on to Ballingcrs reply
to this most significant point it Is
to Lo noted the defense did not call
the attorney general to deny Hoyts
ilfflnlto testimony and whon Glavls
tried to havo him called the attorney
general did not come
Balllngor claimed that ho did not
know the mailer had been decided by
I Pierce that ho had always intended
to bring It before the attorney gen
oral and thnt when ho Approached
thai Individual ho found to his sur
prlBe that Glavls had already butted
in In his exoneration Taft stated
on May 25 Bnlllnger had told him he
rn going to submit the caseto the
attorney gonernl Of course if thin
lalk with Tuft took place before Thai
linger saw the attorney gauortl It
substantiateS BftlHngorR eXIllnnlon
hut I Ballingcr saw tho attorney gen
oral before ho saw Taft the mailer Is
quite otherwise
i Thus as you can 100 the whole
case hero depends on dales Now
quite unexpectedly n document was
found to exist TIll was the famous
I Lawlor letter nalllugors own tqfetl
L mon shows definitely that Balllnger
I saw Wlcfcorshnm on May 23 and Taft
I on May 20
As though this were not enough
Ballinger stated In hi letter to Taft
Bnlnger Moore caused him
that hatterS from mUlod hint
to inqulro whether tho opinion of
attorney general had been aorurirt
atorney IQncrt
pdt1dD JILUhcte l h
been made ho directed formal papers I
to be prepared for that purpose lie
did order those formal papers to be
prepared ono day after his interview I
with Wlckerflhnm had scared him Into
It and the same day of his talk with
Iaf He forgot to mention that de
tail to Taft
For the chief executive here again
as In all other Instances apparently
confines his exhaustive examination
to just what Ballinger himself says
and to those documents Ballinger
chooses to bring before him and on
tho basin of that Issues ills famous
whitewashing letter of September l
And Wlckorshnm llko a good dog
follows along The latter says noth
ing of this mailer but contents him
self with referring lo Balllngers own
IV The Myslcry ot the Missing
This is a comic Interlude that may
or may nothave to do with Bal I
linger I certainly had to do with
thoSe behind him When Glavls was
In Seattle a fold agont left with him
among other things twentyfour let
ters Glavls ordered these copied I
The stenographer copied thorn and
laid them on his desk At this llmo
Glnvls was discharged nnd turned
over his official papers to Christen
sen his successor Later In the In
vosllgallou Glavlsdemnmled thc pro
Jucllon of these twenty fqur lotlerd
Thavy were not forthcoming
denly Christensen telegraphed That ho
had broken open Glavis box in the
grand jury room and hnd found the
mlsulng letters Whereupon the de
fense rose upon its hind logs pointed
the finger of scorn at Glavls and ac
cused him of concealing the letters
for the purpose of demanding them
In vain This was to discredit Glavla
as a witness of course
All It accomplished was delay and
wasle of time The affair was laugh I
ably crude By unimpeachable leUl
mony Glavls proved that Chrlstonson
was wrong
1 In saying that ho had broken
open the box The box was closed
only by loose boards
2 In saying that tho box was in
tho grand Jury room I had boon
moved by the janitor into a store
room in order to make space al
though It had been In the grand jury
loom until a few days before
3 In saying that ho had found the
twentyfour letters He couldnt
Three of Ihom haiL already boon
found though Chtlstonsou did not
remember it
4 In saying that ho had never
been in the grand Jury room before j
the day the letters wore found Ho
had in tho presence of witnesses I
Ballinger on the Witness Stand
Now In conclusion let uj examine
Balllngers testimony He Is through
out reluctant insincere and ovaslvo
His desire seems to be not so much
to bring out the truth for his own
vindication as to quibble with tech I
nlcallllcd That must have shown I
clearly enough In the body of this
article or I have written very badly
In the hotter to Taft on which tho j
President based his vindication Bal I
linger as has been seen deliberately
distorts the truth As another ox
ample he stated to Taft that aftor I
all the Pierce decision did not af I
feet the Cunningham Claims becauso I
the Cunninghams had repeatedly re I
fused to put their claims under that I
law U Is true that eventually the
Cunninghams decided not to
Cunlinghams conio
under this law but their deci lon
was mado more Ihan a month af
tel the AttorneyGeneral had re
versed Pierce Of course they refused
fused to como under that law then I
On the witness stand Balllngcrs
memory proved as bad as Rockefel j
lors His recollections extended
however under Brandcid prodding
1 am going to quote Ballhigers re
plies t a long series of questions
Tho absolute Ignorance of the first
cinswcrs and the full but reluctant
knowledge contained in the last aro i
In striking contrast i
The question before the coinmlltoo
was as to Balllngers knowledge of
certain papers carried by Lawler on
a visit to Taft BrandeIs askod Bal I
lluger what Lawler took Balllngers I
various follows j
answers wove as folowu
1 A grip with some clothes In It 1
I do not know what else ho took
2 And some records I know he i
had some other things Yes I
Ii I could not definitely dofin1
just what he had In his portfolio or I
what bo m k Mflh him j
I Ho had certain memoranda that
ho had made up himself thai Is I
know of some memoranda I do not t
lnow what else he had
5 He had n memoranda covering
a sort of resume of the facts as set I
out in the records
C I think he prepared It himj
self and 1 think he consulted with
other persons in connection with It
7 I would not guy that he con
sulted with mo but I wont over his
1010rnndl I
Mr Brandeld How many copies
of that memoranda were prepared
Secretary Ballinger Your question
thai I know I do
implies know i
an thlng about It I
Mr Brandols Will you state to
the committee what you know I
Secretary Balllnger I have stated
Mr Brandols What became of the
copy or copies of that memoranda j
Secretary Balllnger 1 know noth
Ing about the copy or copiea of that
Mr Brnndels Well will you state
to the commiltec what you Unpw IU
to the contents of that memoranda I
Secretary Balllngor I havu stated 1
all IJnow or can recall as t the I
i jiontpntj ot i J WJUS a roaumc of I
tho fact ajjtD the Gas charged
whether It related to the
and whcthor papers
that were delivered to the Pro llent I
regarding the cooperative certificate
withdrawal I i
matler or do not re
i Ilmbor
I Mr Urnndols And that memo ran I
I dumJ MVhnt he tuok with him and
that was the occasion of his goIng
to Bcerly the hecond Url was it I
irirftai HalHnK r That n m
I ndrtnudur0g
l Kerb > LUIWCUUU 0 tUicu ttat
f this memorandum was prepared at
I tho Secretarys own desk that ho
saw Lawler put cople in the port
folio and that he know Lawler had
consulted with both Schwartz and
Carr In regard to it
Another example The question IR
as to the authorship of a certain tel
egram V
Socretnry Ballinger Probably It
was prepared by some one for my sig
Mr Brandeis Well let us see
whether that Is the fact
Secretary Bnlllnger I do not know
whether H WHS Jt might t have been
prepared by me
11 Brnndols I Understand I want
Just to see whether It was or 10t
Secretary Bnlllnger J recall having
een some pencil memoranda put on
the telegram by me yAs sir
I Mr Brnndels Yes That Indicates
that you personally
Secretary Bnlllnger Yes I person
Mr Brandcis1 Did you dictate that
Secretary Balllngcr 1 dictated
wrote that telegram If you want a
and I assume nil of the responsibility
And nil tho awful r
al responsibility con
nected with that telegram 1 assume
Mr Brandeis Now that is just
what I wanted to bring to your attention
You remember Lawyer Bnlllngor as
a private citizen and his efforts
among others lu behalf of the Han
ford Irrigation Co His contention
was that these efforts were out of
friendship for Hanford and that ho
had no other Interest In the matter
Let his own testimony follow
1 1 wrote two or three letters
regarding the question of
getting pat
en Is 1 was a transaction
ford as a friendly act to Judge H la
2 HI might have written half a
dozen 1 do not know
o Brandels Do you wish the
committee to understand that you
had no interest except as a friendly
act for Judge Hanford 1
Mr Balllngev Thnt ig the position
I took in connection with It
I Brnndels prods him with some
more facts Finally
Secretary Balllngcr At some time
possibly nt the time Iho letters wero I
written I had 2000 worth of stock
In the llanfoid Irrigation Co I have
forgotten when I disposed of it
6 I think i was over a year
ago I do not remember dctlnltely
C I am not sure whether I dis
posed of it since 1 became Secretary
or not
7 Mr Brandols Well then you
were Interested at that time finan
cially In hue company on whose be
half you were seeking these various
Secretary Bnlllnger In a very In
considerable way I had stock Inter
est In a mutter that did not look very
All the rest of i Is of the same
sort except when he adopts a lone
of solfInudutlon It is a most sin
gular exhibition for those who have
the patience to dig it out of tho Keo
on1 This Is enough for our purpose
here I J
Record as < Cabinet Officer
Outside the coal lands cases Bal
lingers secretarial record Is equally
dubious i
He hat attempted to oust Newell
from the Reclamation Service New
ell has served twentytwo years well
The attempt may yet succeed
He has restored power sites to en
try On public clamor he withdrew
sOle land I does nol yet appear
Hint these rewithdrawals are enough
to cover power sites
He has had his subordinates pro
pare a statement oi facts in re
gard to water certificates on LImo ba
is of which the attorney general abol
ished the certificates This state
ment of facts was inaccurate
He abolished a mutually advantage
ous agreement between the Forest
ry and Indian departments When
asked by the president for his author
Itj he trausmltlcd to Taft a decision
of the comptroller which declares one
arrangement under this agreement
illegal but says nothing against the
agreement Itself
HI has refused to withdraw from
entry administrative sites In the Na
tional forests
And in tho course of tho trial lie
his taken direct Issue of voracity
wItll Newell with Chief Engineer
Davis with oxAttorney General Hoyt
with Plnchot with davit Jones Ker
by with Pei kins nnd with exSecre
tary Garfield Truly an imposing and
varied array of liars against one
tiuthful mail
This not C legal trial It Is a trial
of fitness At tho time of this writing
the committees verdict Is not in
The verdict of the people Is being
I may be that Ballinger thinks he
Is doing his best for the country If
so his attItude boiled down Is Chat if
a man thinks a property law wisp or
nonsensical ho Is thereby Justified in
violating it and the very fact of that
violation gives him a vested right
which must not be disturbed Thnt in
essence Is anarchy Furthermore Bal
llngers only justification of his course
in office Is that he disapproves of the
laws he Is sworn to uphold Whether
It can be legally proved that he has
done anything illegal Ballinger him
self has amply proved hits unlltnuss
He has worked and 2 working mis
chief to progreS
Bnlllngcr has not realized that he
mlioulU fight for the poole anti if 11
cannot do Uiut lie should resign
Wickcrahnm hasnot been the Judge
but the zealous advocalo
I President Taft hits been woefully
misled and forgotten the diuios of his
I great olllc9 In his defense of nn unfit
A great many years ago a phrase of
Ciceros wa driven Into my head by
main strength and high school roltpr I
aUon and tImer i has tuck ever
since 1 have never used it because
Ive never had n rosilY good chance
P comes right ben and WI used to
translat I
I HW Ions 0 Cutaluc will jou
J Lm t 01 i tODCI
Cod Weekly Review of Trade to
II morrow will say
Thorn Is a continuance of former
mixed condltlonHof trade and Indus
try which Is less pronounced In pro
ductive sections than in the distrib
uting markets It
I shows most clear
ly In the speculative and llnanclal
centers which are exceedingly sen
sitive to political influences It Is I
felt in some Industries more than In
others there being an uneven devel
opment of trade But In spite of the i
reaction a vast aggregate of busi
ness Is being carried on making a
ically high average of transaclions
The profit of commerce however I
is not so evident as Its volume Uio
margin between the cost and price
being narrowed nnd leading In some I
castB notably In cotton spinning to
suspension of operations While con I
servatism among buyers makes for
purchases limited to cunonl needs
yet there is no sign of any collapse
of confidence the crops arc turning
out much belter than was expected
the banks arc In a secure position
and thieve if for the most pnit a more
opt Imlsllc feeling
Reports from lending Jobbers of
dry goods Indicate a steadier distri
bution hut the volume o businoss
Is still below that oC recent active
Footwear lines continue quiet Job
bers buy cautiously and wholesalers
hold off for lower prices Trade In
leather Is quiet anti thougti some In
crease In the demand was noted a
week or so ago no further Improve
ment hns since occurred
ttoajo paying for fat Logs as rol
l wu
Hogs from 200 Ibs and up per
100 Ibs 375
Hogs from 160 to 200 Ibo per
100 lbs 850
Hops from 125 to 1GO Ibs per
100 Ibs 775
We rocclvo hogs dally
Anybody who prefers dressed
weight on hors may bring them In on
Tuesdays or Fridays between 730
and 10 a m Wo will then slaughter
them while you wait and pay 1175
par 100 Ibs dressed At either ot
these days you inny choose whether
you want tho live weight price or
1175 dressed
Wo pay for fat vealo from 70 to 125
lb = dressed weight 11 cents per lb
and receive them dally You may
bring them In either live or dressed
Access to our plant Is now con
venient slnco tho construction of tho
lad uu ct
HAVRE Mont Sept 9 Richard
T Sweeney a former Chicago letter
canler charged with embezzling let
ters is under arrest here After a
hearing tomorrow he will be taken to i
Helena and a warrant fOI his removal
to Chicago secured Sweeney was in
dicted in Chicago In June I
SALT LAKE Sep 9 Sat Lake
has no Interest In tho League of
American Municipalities that Is if
the report of the finance and salaries
of the city council meets with the ap
proval of the council The committee
lust night decided that the invitation
to send a representative to tho convention
vention simply be filed No ono of
fered to pay his own expenses and
the city hasnt the money so Salt
Ijake will probably have no represent
ation In the convention of the American
nlon mer
can cities
The public grounds and waterworks
committee finds Itself In a contra
vcrsy with Maxwell R Brothers the
lessee of the Warm Springs property
and hero Is likely to be u court sot
tlomcnt Mr Brothers In his agree
ment provided that ho would spend
10000 and in his statement says he
has now expended some 15000 The
controversy arises overdue refusal of I
Mr Brothers to accept tho citys bill
of sale for tho holler at the property
at a price of 300 unless the stipula
tion is carried that he may remove
at any time any bold which In
might substitute for the ono sold by
the city
In the commitlco mcelliiKS last
night the majority of the papers com
ing before them wero put on the rec
ommended filed list Benjamin J
Harvey who while as fireman and In
tho testing of hose one day sustained
personal Injuries presented n petition
asking the city to award him 3000
In compensation for his Injuries The
claims committee will recommend
that the petition simply be filed
wi ADIES or gentlemens gar
ments can be kept In beau
t tlful condition until worn
l oulby taking frequent ad
i vantage of our dry cleaning aud
pressing service
Our dry cleaulifg process removes
the soil and Btalns from your cloth
ing freshens up the fabric brightens
the colors nnd raises the nap like
new It docs not affect the life or
color of even the most dainty or deli
cate garments
Our pressing cervlco takes out Iho
wrinkles creases and other marks of
wear I gives the garments a new
like shape and ft I removes all the
bagginess In tIme kneos and elbows
Every garment or article Is handled
In each part of the process by skill
ful careful workers We use tJIQ gen
nine French Dry Cleaning tproccBs of
cleaning by spirits and ijolventa and
have a thoroughly uptodato equip
You should send your garments to
us and take advantage or this ser
vice No article of men or womonfl
wear is too dainty for us toclrr
clean and finish satisfactorily
our charges arc not
PHc c 174 437 25th St
I t <
0 0 o L L
I tF Marxian C1ib Socalsts 1 i + I
= Any queotlon concerning Socialism an
1 EUGENE A BATTELL awcred Address Communications to c
Howard Hall 2783 Pacific Ave Ogden
IH + kI1
Unrest unroot And ret iicrchance
The restless ones are best
Acton fares on the quick advance
Only the dead men r st
Eugene C Dolson
FIRST It accept the principle I
that the Interests of the working class
and of the employing class are Irre
concilably opposed In accepting this
pclnoiple the Industrial Unionist gives
the Ho to the notion which doihlnalos
the ordinary trade or craft union I
namely that the Interest of the two
clashes are harmonious
That the poverty of the working
class Is due to tho fact of labor power
being n commodity is becoming in
creasingly evident rho working
mans wages arc simply the price of
the commodity ho must sell to the cm
ployor In order to live and this prlci
represents only n very small portion
of the wealth produced by him In the
service of tho capitalist clnss Mod
trn society Is made up of wage work i
ers who perform all the necessary
labor and capitalist owners of the
meanu of life who appropriate the
hulk of labors product Tho Interests
of the two societies are not the same
Tho one tolls and produces the other
Idles and appropriates Tho one re
ceives wages enough only to enable It
to work tho other pays wages out of
previous surplus produce and gets
them back a hundred fold The ono
has no means of production the other
has all tho means of production The
working class alone Is necessary and
should rule society and Industry the
capitalist class Is unnecessary and
should therefore be abolished Be
tween the two there exists a clas
struggle continuous and bitter
Capitalism Is organized to obtain Its
sway while Labors ranks present the
appearance of a disorganized rabble
trades unionism helping the confusion
by keeping tho workers divided along
craft lines Industrial unionism seeks
lo organize and unite all wage earners
In order to pursue the class struggle
to an end intelligently all relentlessly
Fifty thousand enlisted soldiers
hoe deserted from the United States
army In the last twelve yeans states
a writer in the Cosmopolitan The
army it scorns must be a poor place
of refuge for those who fee from the
industrial battlefield With the one
O A with tile other It is hard work and
poor paye
Dr Wiley tho government chemist
nnd pure food ngent having con
demned as harmful to health the use
of sonic chemicals In the food prod
uct of a largo concern the concerns
representative unblushing asked tho
doctor If he would consider that a suf
ficient reason for Interfering with a
business In which large capital was
Invested Tho doctor said that ho
would consider It his duty to Inter
fore But was tho other man so very I
far out of the way In asking the ques
tion While inanBlaughlering is per
Tnitlcd daily In the world of indus
try why draw the line at harmful in
gredients in food
The answer of Socialism to tho Cap
italist Is that society can do with
out him just as society now does with
out the slave owner nnd the feudal
lord both were formerly regarded I
as necessary to tho wellbeing and
even the very existence of society I
The peace advocates who go up and
down the length and breadth of tho
nations crying pence peace when
there Is no peace nre themselves
the upholders of the capitalist social
system the Inciter of war Not only
Is the capitalist social system an In
citer of war It Is In Itself a system of
war with Its class conflicts whereby 1
time useful cass of the nations If held
in subjection robbed nnd browbeaten j
The naval contractors nnd builders
of armnments nre also advocates of I
peace only they advocate that the
peacc ll
way to have peace Is by boluFT propar1
cd for war In this thor are entirely I
logical lTndor capitalism war offers I
nn opportunity for business hence
war ant preparation for war becomes r
1 branch of Industry An Industry
which by tho way seems nt present j
to bo suffering from overproduction
Manufacturers of guns powdor and
all Implements of wholesale murder i
of shoddy clothing for soldiers cf embalmed
babied beef with which to feed them
nro alladvocnles of pence by being
prepared for war and of actual war j
whoa being prepared alone does not t
produce enough business for them i
War ever looms upon tho horizon
It looms either for the purpose of find
Ing n market abroad or to stimulate i
a demand for war goods at homo I
War also offers a refuge t lyrants I
from danger at homo Take condl f
bus as they are today the world
over and the possibility of war as a
refuge for capitalism does uot seem
so remote Duo to high prices unem1
ploymcut hardships and grinding con j
dltlons the workers everywhere are
what to do
restless They know not I
Kept In montal darkness by the i
agencies of capitalism the danger Is
that they will strike out blindly Un j
dor such conditions it wont do io try i
und shoot them down Thnt program
Is to dangorouB Here Is whorl the
beauty of the foreign war conies In
Lure tho people Into a patriotic com I
bat with the people of another COUl
try iud lot them hammer away nt
while tho guilty capital
one another whie guit cnplnl
tat class goets free not only goes free
but profits byi the strife
It is a nice profram all earofullv
mapped out there is howovor one
flaw In It the wllKngiesK of the peo
ple to be made food for cannon
Thanks to Socialism the workers are
coming more and more to the con
clusion tnt no good and only evil to
them rcBulUi from capitalist ninth
war The workers jrrowln thd of awcl
terlne on fJ if Inilu riftl Hi Id for can
IPlrt T1 maif in art so icad
ly deluded these uaja Into weltering
OM master battlefields for those same tusk
Luhonlci Journal an organ of tJI
Latter Day Saints orjnn at Inde I
pendence Mo in cppylng from the
Appeal a recent reference to J Wes
Icy Hill says I
Yes It Itt the same J Wesley Hill
who ran a rampant career In Utah
and ate figuratively speaking a Mor
iiian for breakfast each morning The
foundations of the college thnt
should have brought enlightenment to
benighted Utah sllll may bo seen near
I time mountains east of Ogden cruinhl
Ing Into ruins
I The reason thC Appeal bas boon
u showing up the record of this man
I who has organized a movement to
fight Socialism Is to discredit him
from his past life A preacher who
drinks lies and misappropriates
money collected for religious pur
poses nod has done It for years Is
not a man who should bo hclicud
I when he orcnnlze a inoxemciil for
I time purpose of lying about Socialism
The time has come when the
thoughtful nnd decent on whether
1 religionists or not are willing to con
j slder Socialism lor what it Is When
I men deliberately misrepresent It say
ing It Is opposed to homo to private
property and religion they discredit
themselves Such action might have
been condonctl a dozen years ago
but there Is absolutely no reason for
I it today You cant find a reputable
newspaper man In the United Statcn
who will make such a plea now nnd
It Is time thnt church men should
I rise to a higher plane of attack
I We want Socialism discussed but
I we want It discussed as Socialism
I not In a fanatical line of misrepre
sentation It will bo discussed as
such and they who think that per
sistent l > lng will count at this day
are going to find themselves very
mucti mistaken
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