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The Evening standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1910-1913, October 05, 1912, Image 11

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Ifcaff Of InieresB "to Maid and Me.troix'tffl I
Tlie Effect of Perfumes Upon the Body
jfuid Mind
' T27- "C ?v. '
; -- -si t 1
fr Iin beautiful women of the East
CI have given much time and thought
k to the bewildering nrt of pcifumcry,
knowing well tho effects of Tarious scents
and perfumes upon the mind and the
flenses, but wc practical Occidentals, in
comparison, lo neglected this branch of
iknowlcdge, 1I1I3 art, this plenBiire, raostj
fehaniefully ! I
R In tho sacred temples of the East wo
mnd the wondrous incense burning upon
foe altars of the gods, sending up clouds
Tpf fine, heavily scented essence, delighting i
She senses and giving a certain mystic nt-.
fmosphcre to the place which Is unattain
able in any other way. The "heavily laden
'Jair bewitches the imagination, intoxicates
fthe soul, elevates the mind and refreshes
the body. In the same manner why should
tvc not study perfumes and incenses and
fthelr effects upon the body and mind, since
Ithoy arc capable of such infinite promise.?
fcTbere Is a field bore for study and cxperi
fment, and at the same lime exquisite
ft When we wate through a garden the
atmosphere of which is "heavily ladcu with
atlie scent of flowers we cannot but inhale
'deep, deep breaths, full of delight, and
breathe in tho subtle frngrauce till it
preaches our ery soul. ' Of all our senses
; none Is capable of giving us more enjoy
iinent than that of smell. And none of them
shave wo bo neglected, almost even per
"Ivcrted, ns the sense of smell. It should
Kbc "a thing of beauty and a joy forever"
Iwhorcvcr wc go, wherever we breathe and
llf we took the pains to perfume our rooms
land convert noxious odors into sweet fra
fgrnnce we should all bo far happier,
Jhealthier and better in mind and body.
J Effect o Perfume. j
J Perfumo doubtless has a great effect'
Jnpon tho mere animal spirits. When wc.
fsmell a beautiful flower we breathe deep-j
J' ly, we oxpaud the chest, we Inhale; ourj
whole being expands with delight. This i
,5 itself is beneficial, for we are all apt to
underbreathc. If tho air about us were
more sweet smelling than it is we should
) bclempted to breathe more deeply all the
tline as a matter of habit, and this would
expand the lungs, bring them into greater
i activity, and rnnc prevent many of the
diseases of tho lunge. Wc must uot for-
jet, also, that the ta3te of food is alino.t
- entirely a matter of smell, nud it is a fact
' that food which docs uot smell appetizing
is not so good for us as that which does.
There are only four real tastes : Sweet,
: Mlt, sour and bitter. The taste buds in
; the mouth furnish only these four seusa
i tions directly to us. All the other extra
! flavors, as it were, we smell. So long as
we do not breathe we cannot do justice
fto and taste fully the most delicious of
llfoods. Smell is everything; it is the real
pourcc of enjoyment in eating and a gift
bestowed upon us for which wo should be
grateful. It should play a large part also
in our breathing; wc should make that a
pleasure inslcnd of a mere habit.
Tho air wc breathe should contain a cer
tain quantity of perfume, if not from
flowers, then from some more artificial
I source. Of course, it is possible to overdo
in good thing, and make tho nir so heavy
'with scent that it becomes sickening.
Thi3 should never be done, especially nt
night. We must uot forget the story of
the Eastern potcntato who had one of his
subjects suffocated by placing him in a
'room containing 60 many roacs that the
urtfortuuato man died from the oppres
sively heavy odor.
What memories crowd in upon the mind,
for instance, when we inhale tho fra
j prance of violet perfume! Docs not lilac
'bring back, springtime at its sweetest
"tho timo, the place and the mau" ns a
vivnl flash of memory? The musk re
vives in us long sleeping memories of our
grandmother, when in childhood wo sort
ed her brocade, arranged her lnccs, turned
out old boxes In the attic, full of good
tilings and "treasures" of all eorts, long
since forgotten! Lacuder, too, reminds
ir: of many friends wc have known of
"lavender and old lace " Patchouli brings
li'foro tho mind the days of George IV. a
glimpse of gay court life flashes aeroy the
iimul, with its powdered wigs, its bl.uk
knuti patches, its gnycty nnd ii'clry.
iThctu differ, of course, with Individuals;
'but aurolj- all perfumes bring back certain
'memories and arouso certain emotions in
r.r. of us!
Arc Hygienic and Wholesome.
And there is a scientific reason for this.
The olfactorj nerve Is t.o intimately con
nected with tho brain that Dr. lioltnes
stated that "it Is not a nerve at all, but a
part of the brqlu, iu Intimate connection
with its anterior lobes." This close
utb'lialion with the thinking substauce
with thought itself may account for the
power it exercises n'.er the emotions, and
also for tho fact that familiar odors stim
ulate memory more than sensations of
tas-tc or touch.
Tho I'LTbians and tho Egyptians wero
ceitninly nware of tho power and beauty
of the most exquisite perfumes, for we
K-ad that the sails on Cleopatra's barge
were fragrant ns It
"Buru'd on the water the poop was
beaten gold ;
Purple the sails, aud so pcriuiutd that
Tho winds were loieslck with them."
In Nineveh, Bubjlou, Greece uud lionet
rcrfnrncs were used extensively. Llippoc-
rnlcs and Galen both prescribed them
I foi their nick patients. Arabia is known
las a land of Incense and perfume loving
The lato Queen Victoria U said to have
been particularly impressed wun mc
wholesome effects of cinnamon, aud she
took It in sonio form or other daily- It is
anld that 'tho Sultan Saladin, when making!
bis triumphal entry into Constantinople (
(u 1137, had the walls of the Mosque of
Omar washed with rose water. Queen
Elizabeth was cxtravagnntly fond ef per
fumes and had nlways a largo number of I
ikem on hand. At the present day a wide
varioty of choice and taste Ir mauifest,
but violet In one form or another seems to
bo over popular and is constantly in upc
Or all the leading society women of our
The strange psychological effect of va
rious perfumes nnd of the many kinds!
of incense is a question still to bo studied
and investigated. There is evidence that
the fakirs and magicians in the East
utilize this means to bewilder the senses
of those beholding their feats of magic,
for wc seldom hear of a magirian "who
does not employ incense for at least some
of his illusions. The necromancer who
caused Cellini to behold "a troupe of
devils" reported to this device, and so do
the Hindoo magicians who cause the
spectators to believe that they see various
things which they do not see
This Is a subject which desorve? to be
carefully worked out some day by skilled
physiologists nnd psychologists. Mean
while women are quite right in ma nif eat
ing their liking for perfumes; thc.T are
hj picnic and wholesome, and It would be
a good thing if they were more extensive
ly employed than they n.
Now Utilized in Surgery.
Tho potent efTect of perfume upon the
senses and the mind h now being utilized
in surgery. The administering of the an
aesthetic has been one of the Incidents of
surgical operations most dreaded by many
persons. By the use of a compound of
ether and elixir of orange peel it is 6aid
that tho-aincsthctic can be robbed of half
its terror, The fact that it is the vapor
bed essence of orange nnd a mere perfume
may produce such nn effect upon the mind
3i the patient that partial hypnosis will .
result, and in this condition the patient I
will lapse into unconsciousness without
the struggling that usually attends the ad
ministering of ether.
The mixture Is administered by means
of a special apparatus having three bot
tles, one holding a two gram essence of
orange in two ounces of water, another a
weak solution of ether and the third a!
siroiig solution of it. The liquids are
vaporised with a foot pump and arc tlis-,
charged into a larsc rubber bag which
rcpulates the force of the flow.
This new anaesthetic, whicli has been
successfully used in several cases, is the
result of experiments carried ou for sev
eral years by an eminent physician of
New York in the effort to determine
tho availability of perfumes and odors
a? aids to effective auaestbotization.
Surely if the sickening odor of the ether
can be lost In one of sweet perfume a great
gain will have been made in diminishing
the dread of surgical ordeals. IT. C.
giMjgEWUViJ F it wore not for tic wom
gWfcW en," said an experienced
gST t g8 auctioneer, "the snap
Hg2 J, &j would be entirely out of
Lrar:rcJ4 my business.. They've not
&-gsgg only made the buying by
auction of furniture, ruga,
paintings, bric-a-brac, jewelry and lare the
fashion, but they've inspired auctioneers
with idcalfl ot veracity never before held.
This is because they have become Bhrowd
judges of all objects of value, aud have In
their heads standards of merit that t'.o
successful auctioneer docs not care to over
look. They do throe-fourths of tho buying
at all notable auc'.lqns."
"I thought," interrupted tho llstcnrr,
"that vronicn always ran up lude against
themselves and Invariably took home from
an auction the things they didn't -want."
"That coudition prevailed some ycara
ago," he replied, "before auction going(
becamo a fad and before American
women spe'nt as much money as they do
now on tho interior decorations of Iheirj
homes. The auction business begins
io get in full swing in September and
continues at a Iholy pace through to
May, each month giving some special
sort of entertainment to tho buyers.
Visually September and October are
months -when household uoceisilies take
the lead of other articles. Then every
thing pertaining to a happy home life,
from a piano to a fircloss stove, can be
found in some one of the numerous auc
tion rooms of the city. These arc mouths
when the people living In npartmcuts
aud rented houses are changing from one
place to another, with tho Invariable
result that new things must bo-bought to
OU new spaces.
"Carppts, rugs, hangings, even bed
linen nnd towels, find ready bidder
among housewives, who know to "the
fraction of a cent the prices that similar
articles command In reliable shops. They
add as well to their possessions good fur
niture, silverware, china and ghiss, be
sides a long list of oruaments.
"With the coming of November a class
of articles is brought forward especially
adaptablo for Christmas and wedding
presents, St. Nicholas himself would be
amazed at tho number of Rifts that arc
bought by auction to cclobrat his busy
day. As for wedding presents, no stigma
now attaches to tho gift bought by auc
tion. It Is rather regarded as un honor
if ono says: 'My little remembrance was
picked up at the sale of such and such
a collection "
Exquisite mirrors, in carved frames of
either Ioui3 XV. or Colonial design, deco
rate various auction rooms prior to Christ
mas; beautiful work stands, tea wagons,
choice cabinets, Sevres vases, rugs from
Persia, decanters that appeal to the bos
p; tabic, besides a heterogeneous collection
of wares, are then put up, ono after the
other, to await tho highest bid of an
eager gathering.
The average woman bidder gauges an
article quickly, knowing at qucc whether
r would be of service to her or whether
;1 ere is some otic on her list to whom It
would be appropriate for either a Christ
oas or a wedding gift. Probably before
attending the sale she has made a tour
of most of the fTucliou rooms, inspected
their offerings and marked tho catalogues,
with the last pneo that she will bid on
each object. When outbid, therefore, she
shows no disappointment, being well
aware that on the morrow she will have,
at another auction, an opportunity to get
au article similar to the one sho has just
Although there Is no-cut and dried rule
that covers the situation, and although
auctions are largely a matter of unex
pected circumstances, it Is generally in
January and February that tho most
artistic and costly articles nro to ho found
In the auction rooms. The Christmns
rush has thon subsided, and many of tho
cleverest women in town find amusement
In frequenting the auction sales. Auto
mobiles and carriages of prominent wom
en stand before the auction doors by the
hour, while their stay in front of a re
ception awning is only from fifteen to
twenty minutes. When onco the auction
mania has taken hold of a woman it
seems as if she gets no end of enjoyment
out of seeing things put up. bid on and
knocked down. She likes the excitement
and the uncertainty of the g.ime.
But up to date women bid with discre
tion, seldom permitting dealers or employes-of
the auction rooms to assist them
Frequently the plaint is heard by a
woman whose courage has given out as
the bids for wme wished for article
climbed higher that she later regretted
her weakness and sought the lost treasure
in the shop of the dealer to whom St was
knocked down. But to get it thero would
have required a third, if uot half again, as
much money as it had brought under the
Sometimes thepo articles knocked down
by auction will be sold nnd resold 'several
limes before reaching a home or a place
where they are kept on sale for any leugth
of time. Women have declared the quest
of theso "lost bargains" to be extremely
fascinating. A few even aver thnt after
a reason of auction going the buying of
things in the regular way becomes ex
tremely boresomc.
The highly interesting auctions 3nd
thopc which bring out the most fashionable
women are those where private collections
broideriu, and individuals are induced to H
part with their household gods. The sap- H
ply still continues. Often articles are H
placed on sale in the auction room that; H
could not be found elscwhore. IH
While the standard of many anctloni H
haa been elevated to satisfy a highly
knowing public, It is trio thit there are
still many which prove other than eatis- H
factory to the average bidder. At such M
places articles are offered for Gale, ap-
pearing well under electric lights, -which lfl
in reality arc in bad repair, poor in make H
and could not bo disposed of again for H
lulf of the price paid under the hammer. H
The majority of women therefore exam- l
ine tho articles on which they desire to H
bid prior to the sale, n practice that is H
urged emphatically. H
Moths nnd obnoxious insect life h&ve
sometimes been taken into homes with
articles bought at ale6. One should b
jmwfr 18 I
w Mm
in the matter. The uninitiated have small
chance to follow their doings. In one
aisle a woman lifts her eyeglass to raise
a bid; directly opposite to her an inti
mate friend drops nn eyelash, while not
far aw'ay one equally determined moves
her finger as if to readjust a neckpiu. It
takes practiced watching to follow the
bids of these women.
They themselves arc observant. The
regular aucliongoers know by sight all the
conspicuous dealers In the articles they
intend to purchase. Some women make a
practice of watching Ibe dealers and then
offering just one bid after these men have
left off They belicvo that by so doing
they llae a cliaucc to get the articles at
a. bargain. A dealer stops bidding con
siderably short of the price with which
ho would mark tho article to appenr In
his shop.
of ait objects arc offered for sale. To offer
an extraordinary collection nt auction is
not now the risk that it was some years
ago, when financial loss was inevitable.
At these high class auctions nro seen
the women who specialize in certain styles
cf artistic things. One woman is invari
ably on hand when fine pieces of Adams
furniture arc sold, ami her judgment in
gauging their alue equals that of the
shrewdest dealers. Her selections each
time that she bids arc on a higher plane
than the last, and for every new pieco
she buys one of hor old and less valuable
ones is sold. In this way the standard of
her collections is steadily increased.
Other wonien haunt the auctions at
which Japanese objects arc sold. They
bid on everything that suits their fancy,
from spaniels to teakwood sofas; from
castoff robes of mandarins to dwarf trec3
in little saucers. Few women go in for
rug collecting, although they are favorite
wares among the nutioncers. Their hus
bands and dealers are the chief bidders
nt such sales.
To supply many of the notable auctions
old palaces of Europo arc stripped of
their tapestries and hangings, cathedrals
are shorn of their vestments and cm-
careful not to bid on objects that can IH
carry disease or p.sts in any form. The M
arguments pro and-con of women auc- H
liongocrs are varied and unique. H
Nor Is it only at sales of furnituro and
art objects that women have shown their M
skill as bidders. At a sale of realty
where TOO lots fell under the hammer, a
Male which made history in the ro-l c- H
tatc field of the city, women entered the
competition with men, and In runny cases fl
came off victor. They showed a fine busl- M
ness sense concerning the location and
speculative prospects of the properties IH
they purchased. Ono bought early a lot IH
which she shortly resold at a profit of IH
$230. She then bought another and mado M
$oOO on it during the next week. M
"I did not sit through that sale with- M
put my luncheon or even a gla of water
merely for fun," she exclaimed when con- H
gratulatcd, H
. The women who make the most general l
mistake in buying at sales arc those who M
purchase all sorts and conditions of H
things because they regard them as l
cheap, and then try to arrange them bar- M
moniously iu their homes. Houses or H
apartments furnished in this way aro sel- H
dotn attractive. fl
Plucky Woman Defies Great Labor Unions of Butte, Montana I
- HE eighteen thousand union labo'
j men of Butte, Mont, have Just expe
rienced their first defeat in a uuion
fight I The defeat was decisive and hu
miliating. The contest was not with l-o
big mining corporations which tho unions
of Butte have dominated for tho last
twonty-llve years, nor with the courts and
home government which the unions have
overawed timo and again, but with a little
woman, a mere ninety pounds of fighting
femininity, the keeper of a little corner
grocery in Butte.
More than a year ago Miss Elizabeth M.
O'Bojlc, pntitc and prepossessing, dark
eyed and dark h-iivd, van notified by n
very formal committee from the Clerks'
Uuion tlmt she was violating a rule of
the union iu selling goods aftej six o'clock
in the evening. To make out a case
against her a walking delegate called at
the little store after the union eloping
hour and pleaded great hunger. lie wanted
to buy a box of sardines and a few crack
ers, which the little woman sold to him.
Tim next day came the committee with
a notice that alio had been fined $23 for
selling the sardines and crackers to the
hungry man, uud that unless she paid the
line aud thereafter kopt her little grocerj
store closed after six o'clock she would
bo boycotted. Aside from the trickery
nractlsed on her and the apparent injus
tice of the threatened boycott, In view
of the fact that Miss O'Boyle conducted
her own buslnc3s and employed no clerk,
the nttempt o a "buuch of foreigners,"
ns she called them, attempting to run hor
businrts and prevent her from earning
hor liviug made hor "boiling mad." She
told tho committee that alio wouldn't pay,
neither would she close her storo at six
o'clock or any other hour to plea3c the
Then the fight vns on.
Thu clcrkrt reported their trouble with
ho wee woman to tho Central Labor
Council, n body which represents all tho
nions in Butte tho 10,000 miners, thu
lodcarriers' Union, the Stablemen's Pro-
cctivc Assoclution, the Street Sweepers'
Julon of Art nnd Labor, the Finnish
.Volkers' Literary and Social Union, the
,Voinen's Protectee Union, tho Barber'
n.vcnty-1 -ent Shavo and Early Clos-
"np Club, the Cook Ladle' Union, the
Musicians' Union, the Colored Porters'
society of Mutual Protection and all tho
est of them. For bo it known that there
a no labor, profession or calling iu Butte
hat is not orgauized, and the clerks' fight
&c;2Sir'J--T"-f. i y- 'yr
" r' ' " ...... - i ., i , ri"rJ
Miss O'RovIe ar Work on Rnof of Her House.
on Miss O'Boyle was indorsed under
strict union procedure.
Pickets were, put on guard at the little
Etorc and every customer of the place was
blopped, puruuaded, threatened, photo
'graphed and somo of them assaulted.
Women patrons were followed to thoir
homes nnd insulted, according to testi
mony given in court, and their husbands
threatened with a secondary boycott if
they permitted their wives to patronize
JMiss O'Boyle. When tho husbands didn't
obey the warnings their employers wore
threatened. Many customers admired
her spirit and patronized her place in
spite of warnings, ns-aulls and insulta.
One day n picket followed a customer
iDlo the store aud grabbed hold of hor.
Miss O'Boyle wus ill in bed, but Miss
iBerthu Sharp, who assisted her about the
house, having imbued somo o. Miss
p'Boyli.' fighting spirit, ordered the man
I out. He made an infiultiug remark to the
Igirl and refused to go. , ..
It was a losing egg trade that the
little storo did that dsij , for six fresh
ones flew in rapid succession from Miss
Sharp's baud to tho picket's head. Her
aim was ustoundingly true and cery egg
struck the mark. The egged picket nover
came back, but Miss Sharp and Mits
O'Boyle were arrested on a charge of
nssault, for which they were fined in thu
police court, but the socialist police judge
afterward remitted the fine.
A new picket appeared at the little
corner grocery and he, too, tried to forco
his way into the store, but this time
Miss O'Boyle met him with a revolver.
This picket got out and quit tho job.
He reported to the union that he believed
the little woman would shoot.
"Why, where are the cartridges to this
gun?" asked MLss Sharp, as she picked
up the weapon after the picket had been
"Here, in my apron pocket," said the
Httlo fighter, who didn't oven know that
I you had to put bullets into a gun to make
it effective.
Miss O'Boylo's business- was picking up
nnd the unions had to enforce a inoro
stringent bojeott, so the supply men were
notified th.it tbey must not sell anything
to her. The coal dealers were not per
mitted to sell coal to her, and the, mem
bers of the teamsters' union didn't dare
haul fuel or unything else to the little
store. With, the thermometer 20 degrees
bolow zero, MJss O'Boyle's brother, whom
she hnd not allowed to enter the fight
in her behalf, sneaked out one night nnd
hired a wagon at ono placo nnd horses at
another and smuggled a load of coal to
her, but he was caught iu the act and had
to pay a $25 union hno.
'Ihc milkmen were notified that they
would be lined $50 a pint for every pint
of milk or crenin sold to Miss O'Boyle,
even for her privato use.
Nearly ccry time sho loft her houso
some picket would follow her to discover
i 2z: .
w hat new scheme she might be up to. One H
man tried it once too often. M
"I 'rocked' him for three blocks," said H
Miss O'Boyle in telling of the affair. H
"Did what' asked the judgo who had IH
been listening to her testimony.
"I chased him for tbrco blocks and
tLrew stones at him."
When all the teamsters entered tho boy- l
cott against her she made a harness for H
her bulldog, Monte, and hitched him (o a IH
little cart, with which she brought home
her supplies and made deliveries to her
customers. Then the dog was poisoned.
The boycottere evidently feared that Mis? IH
O'Boylo's pot cat, Patsy, might be hitched H
to the cart to take Monte' s phicc, aud one
day when Patsy euttircu outside he emu
up his nine lives to the cause of unioniom. H
The little woman was finally advised IH
to try the courts for relief, and Injunction H
proceedings wore bosun in the District IH
Court. Finally the unions offered to ro- IH
mil the $23 fine if she would consent lev
keep her shop opeb only uuriuj union H
"I'll fight as long as I'c got life," war H
her answer. They oven proposed that il H
Hhc would recogiib-c their union laws they H
would transfer their boycott to another H
uoinan, the keeper of a little store and IH
the mother of, five children, a rival of Mi.s H
O'Boyle in business. jH
Rather than put the troubles I bavo H
'hnd ou a widow with fhc children you H
may kiep your pickets on, nnd if you H
l.uon't unough picketa send down your
.whole uuion," was thu answer. H
I The pickets were taken off uud dp- M
'parently the fight was ended. But one
morning a low weeks ago file from an un- H
known cause started in the little store and
'nuiily put Misa O'Coylc out of busJnc&tf. M
(When sho camo to settlo with the Insur- H
'anc-e company the agent ucnt union car- H
penters to repair damages, but sho immo- H
diatoly notified the agent to cull them off. H
"No member of the Butte unions can H
'work on my houc," she declared. Sho H
'said if bIio could uot get other carpenter. H
to do the work sho would do it herself. jH
"But tho unions won't let you do tho jH
work," sho was told. H
She pointed to hor revolver nud said : jH
"I'll work while my guu works," and jH
hen she wont to n furnishing store and jH
urchascd nn overall outfit for herself and jH
nother for Miss Sharp, and tho two H
women climbed to the roof, put on the H
hingles, and Inter the coping and siding, H
;hilc union carpenters on adjoining
uildings lost a lot of timo watching. And H
ow the boycott bus come to an end. H

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