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The Ogden standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1902-1910, May 29, 1909, Part Two, Image 12

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058398/1909-05-29/ed-1/seq-12/

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f I Under the Auspices Address all Communications to A
t of the W M PIGGOTT Editor f
C I OGDEN TRADES ASSEMBLY 375 Twentyfourth Street
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+ HHHrH + H1
As the labor day celebration is
awaited by most of the grown ups
and by all of the younger part of the
population with feverish Impatience
The Trades Assembly f Ogden hu
begun early this year and will endeavor
deavor to make tho celebration one
long to be remembered by all who at
tend and especially those who tako
Iart in the festivities The Four
State Fair association made a propo
sition to the committee to celebrate
tie day at the fair grounds this year
ns the CAll will open on that daytho
Gth of September Tlfe Assembly
gan by organizing what will hereafter
bi known as the FourState Labor Day
Association aud will hold a celebra
tion every year In Ogden and will try
t6 mnlce each succeeding year better
than the preceding one The commit
tee Is planning somewhat of a depart
Ure from the order of former celebra
tions and In conjunction with the
fair anl surely give the people the
their purpose
worth of money They I
to give away hundreds of prizes to
those who take part In the sports on i
that day It is too early ns yet to an
noiince anything definite in the way of
a program hut there will be a big one Ii
2nd ono full of interest and surprises
Thorp will bo no street parade as
has bccu horetoforo and the fun will
begin In the morning at about 930 i
Instead of in the afternoon The fair
will be opened by Governor Vm Spry I
and other prominent men which will
not occupy more than forty minutes
and then the fun will begin aud last c
alb day and evening We all enjdy
contests of all kinds and will go a i
long wayand spend money to witness
these things by those whom we do
not know but we believe that the real I
lover of harmless and innocent sports
will become more enthused In witnessing
nessing contests between those of
their acquaintance than In strangers
So wo will endeavor to please tho i
most exacting The general outline i
of bo summarized
our program may summarzed
as follows In the morning begin
ning at 10 oclock sharp there will
be foot races for girls from the age j
of four years to 16 being divided Into
eight classes i footrace for boys be i
tween the ages of 4 and 16 eight i
classes footraces for young women J
over 16 and under 21 for young men
over 1G and under 21 foot races for I
married women for married men for
old maids for old batchelors for stout
ladles for fat men There will be
potato races for girls potato races for
boys sack races for boys egg races
for married women nail driving con
tests for women pole climbing con
tests for union men pole vaulting
free for rail rope throwing contests
tug owar contests four teams and
many other things that we have not
thought of yet
In the afternoon you will be treated
to a good program of horse racing and
other sports In the evening there
will be entertaining sports of various
kinds and we will close the day with
a grand display of spectacular fire
works All this together with the
regular fair exhibitions It seems to
us is enough for anyone to get tho
worth of their money out of and to
satisfy the most fastidious We will
keep you posted from time to time
or new things we may think of so
be on the lookout We expect to make
this the greatest labor day celebra
tion that this intormountaln country
has ever seen and we also expect to
make It the banner day of the fair
Let everyone boost for Labor Day for
te Fair for Ogden for Utah and for
tho Intermountain West
Social conditions are too glaringly
out of joint to admit of tolerance or
justification and popular remedies
are succeeding to
any appreciable
extent Earnest reformers arc at
their wits end for new and more pot
ent devices to meet the worlds dire
need Yet among the multitude of
philosophers of all grades who have
tried to solvo these pressing prob
lems scarcely any reach the funda
mental solvent
Losing sight of tho unity of truth
society saviours aimto accomplish
tho salvation of society from poverty
and its attendant misery by povery
and one siderl remedies just as some
of the converts to the primitive
church substituted the fanciful mys
ticism of their prior
thel 11101 associations for
the simple
morality of the Nazarene
An instance of special Interest and
importance may be found In a new
book on philosophy by prof Euckcn of
1 nR For an honest front and Im
pressive indication of the loose con
jectural qualities ot moccrn philoso
phc observe this quotation
We feel with increasing distress
the wIde interval between the varied
and important work to ne done at the
circumference of life and the complete
emptiness of the
ompluess center When we
take an Inside view of life we find
that a life of mere bustling routine
preponderatec that men struggle and
strugle nne
boost and strive to outdo one another
that unlimited ambition and vanity
are characteerlstlc or Individuals that
they are always running to and Ire
and pressing forward or feverishly
exerting all their powers But
throughout It all we come upon noth
ing that gives any real value to life
and nothing spiritually elevating1
Hence wo do not find any meaning or
value In life but in the end a single
huge show in which culture is re
duecod to a
burlesque Any ono who
thinks it all over and reflects
the difference between the enormous upon
labor that hag been expended and tho
accompanying gain to the essentials
of life must either be csentas
plete negation and despair or must
seek new
ways of
value to life and liberating man from
the sway of the pettily human But
this will force
w1 mou to resume the
quest for inner connections
the Prof Eucken thus clearly describes
mental attitude ° c many thinkers
towards the existing Babel
life xlslng of human
and Its
grave problems
grve Never
were there s many divergent views
ostensibly tending to the common ob
Ject of making the crooked straicht
crookld I
anti the rough places plain Judge
Graham Brooks says ho has counted
upwarls of 80
different panaceas for
human Ilia But how
l many would bear
> 1 <
Intelligent and honest criticism 1 How
many touch the radical cause or causes
of the serious social wrongs that oust
be righted beforo humanity can live
a rational human life
Prof Eucken is Intensely earnest In
his desire to solve tho problems ol
the day but he too Is looking beyond
the mallerof fact In life to certain
or rather uncertain inner connec
tions for the satisfaction his anx
iety In this he IB but in line with
the trend of psychological thought
that marks much of the literature of
our time
Thinker and worker alike seem daz
ed by the mad rush for wealth on tho
one hand und tho persistent poverty
on the other That minds prone to
abstract thinking should seek relief
I for these social evils in theories more
I or less abstract based more or less
upon reason is not to wondered at
1 Much of lie philosophic thought of
I the past has been simply an exhibi
tIon of Intellectual dexterity In hand
11InS abstractions that have been of
i little or no value to human progress
j But the problems which now press for
I recognition ant solution arise out of
I the actual everyday experience ot I
mankind Our Impressions of them do
I not come from abstract mental pro
cesses however ingenious they might
possibly be but from experiences that
admil of no lcniaI
In the impressive language of the
author of Progress and Poverty
This association of poverty with
progress is the great enigma of our
time I is the central tact from
which spring industrial social and
political difficulties that perplex the
world and with which statesmanship
and philanthropy and education grap
pie in alnFrom i come the clouds
that overhang the future of the most
progressive and selfreliant nations
I is the riddle which the Sphinx of
Fate puts to our civilization and which
not to answer Is to be destroyed So
long as all the increased wealth which
modern progress brings goes but to
build up great fortunes to increase
luxury and make sharper the contrast
between the House of Have and the
House of Want progress is not real
and cannot be permanent The tower
leans from Its foundations and every
new story but hastens the final catas
trophe To educate men who must be
condemned poverty is but to make
them restive to base on a state of
most glaring inequality political In
stitutions under which men are the
oretically equal is to stand a pyramid
mid on its apex
I In these wretched conditions earn
est thinkers grow sick of all mater
ial things and look for help beyond
Some are even coming to doubt the
power of reason to understand and
solve our social difficulties One writ
er considerable note goes so tarn
to sneer at logic as something that
could bosafely dispensed with in our
inquiries after truth This is but the
reaction from the disappointment that
has come to us from material pro
gress with Its common experiences
of social confusion and disorder From
I this factlife men have turned wearily I
to the vague mysterious and un I
l known But if ever poverty Is to be
I f abolished It must be by matter of fact
I Why should we look up to the clouds
of speculation and theory for that
I which lies beneath our feet Is not
I the earth the source of all material
I wealth Where else then should the
I poor go for satisfaction of their needs
J they cannot get there that which
I will relieve their poverty It Is not be
I cause the wealth Is not there Nature
Is ever waiting at the call of labor to
bless mankind with more than enough
to satisfy 1 their wants
Why then are many out of work and
why do some starve Here is the vital
question of philosophers philanthro
pists and reformers What hinders
I millions of needy men and women
I from satisfying their needs I Js a
straightforward question and
I I would seem as though its true an
swer should suggest an obvious
Those millions are not willingly idle
I Tho lazy nre tho exception and not
the rule J then the earth is the
source of nil wealth and men are will
ing to avail themselves of her bounty
by hoijest labor why should poverty
keep pace with our growing civiliza
lon There can be but one answer
I they arc prevented from using natur
i I nl opportunities
I Who or what prevents them I There
Is but ono answer to that question
monopoly prevents them by arbitrar
ily appropriating those opportunities
and operating them exclusively for the
I benefit of the
beneft monopolist or not
monofoJst opcr
atlug them
atug or at all
i H Is plain then that in the land and
in the land only lies the primary so
l lutjon of all social problems Deep
ly Imbedded in this is the living root
lvlng root
I of the great Upas tree of monopoly
that overshadows and poisons our so
I cial Jle and If we would destroy this
dreadful thing we must cease clipping
off JU outer branches and strike at
the root
With few exceptions philosophers
and philanthropTsts ts have not even at
tempted to strike at this root They
have been looking up instead of down
i for the solution that they crush be
I neath their feet daily They liave
ever been and still are deaf to tho
call of the laudthe call to those who
are weary and heavy laden
the call
I to rest rest for the weary little cal
in our factories rest for tho hag
gard and hopeless victims of the sweat
shop rest for the thousands who tramp
the streets In tho vaiu search for an
opportunity to earn a bit of bread for
I yule and children rest for millions of
industrial slaves who toil hopelessly
on early and late from years end to
years end for a bare living while
the monopolist whose whie
monopolst privileges bring
them t this misery lives in 1uxiir r
and ease
If our popular philanthropists and
benefactors could but open their ears
to this call of the land
cal we should hear
no of
more soup kitchens nor charity
organizations Even Dr chnrly
I cher would find it unnecessary IJet
teach the poor how to gnaw their
way out of poverty and all other well I
meant plans to mitigate the priva I
tions of tho
lons poor would themselves
have to go abegging
But will this call tlnd many roapon
< J <
L i
Blve hearers or will It be aa with that
of tho Nazarene who had to say in
sorrow Many are called but few are
chosen Must wo continue to repeat
with he
the Impressive phrase which 10
often I not invariably supplemented
his discourse Ho that hath cars to
hear let him hear
Other calls besides that of the land
distract tile hiinds or men Its gen
tle pleading Is drowned in the Insane
clamor of the stock market In the
loud clangor of the trumpet and drum
of militarism in tho unreasoning tu
mult of pojltlcs in the rattle and clash
of machinery when the dazed and
tired brain lags and droops under the
long weary hours of toll
For many other reasons the truth
about the land falls upon deaf ears
Only in cars already attuned to this
simple tone may It find a ready re
sponse I was thus with the teach
ing of the Nazarene Only In the
good groundthat Is the good and
honest hearldhl the seed of truth
take root and fructify Where per
sonal gain is the supremo object this
call will have no charm for however
Just the truth may seem present con
ditions make its realization appear
remote Where a bare living Is all
that possessed or In prospect the
fear that to go further would be to
faro worso would probably stifle dis
content and the desire for better con
But there are among this classOf
toilers some honest and earnest souls
to whom the appeal or justice will al
ways be irresistibly sWeet They will
listen to the good news and then car
ry it as evangelists of liberty to oth
er honest and good hearts ready to re
ceive It and work for I
I remains but to note the extreme
simplicity or the method by which the
land now the instrument mainly
used by monopoly to rob nnd enslave
mankind may be freed from this un
natural control and made the natural
means for mans deliverance from
poverty and Its attendant evils
AU social disorder comes from tho
violation of Natures beneficent laws
To ensure social wellbeing wo must
Cease to do evil and learn to do well
This Is just as applicable to com
munities as to individuals and the
assembling of men and women into
groups or communities carries with it
obligations which cannot be neglect
ed or violated with safety to the per
sonal liberty or the social wellbeing
of the whole
Consider for a moment
The necessities of communal life
begin with its foundation and keep
pace with its growth Roads water
lighting and all other requisites of
village town or city must bo pro
vided for the comfort and safety
the inhabitants This cannot bo done
without expense and how may this
be met with the least Inconvenience
to all concerned This is the crucial
question on which hangs the present
and future wellbeing of these peo
Is there any provision made by Na
ture for that contingency 1 Let us
see From the very beginning of this
communal institution two striking
facts run together in parallel lines
namely increase of population and
increase of land values All intelli
gent sociologists admit this Even
Vngrqw Carnegie monopolist as ie
Is admits this Taking It for granted
arc we not justified In claiming that
this constantly growing land value
which augments naturally from the
Increase of population Is Natures
provision for the expenses entailed by
social organization
That the returns from this increase
would be amply sufficient to cover all
reasonable expense Is demonstrated
plainly by the rapid and enormous rise
I n the land values of tho best loca
tons in any city Single taxers tyave
urnlshed phenomenal Instances of
this fact In New York and other
large cities over and over again and
It Is not necessary to repeat them
here So overwhelmingly abundant is
this provision for municipal needs
that nothing short of inexcusable ex
ravagance or wholesale robbery by a I
corrupt city government could pos
sibly render it Insufficient
With this law In force the taxing of
any of the products of labor would be
unnecessary This exemption In Itself
would be a large step towards Indus
trIal freedom The laborer would re
tain all he produced the assessment
of all land at Its true value would open
ip natural opportunities to labor by
making it unprofitable to hold land
out of use Speculation in laud would
die a natural death and tho world
would thus be delivered from Its I
greatest obstacle to material progress
Industry on all hands would be stlm
ilated as never before and under the
reign of justice spiritual advance
ment would become possible And
the fear of want being removed the
feverish desire for excessive wealth
would decline Poverty and Us evils
including charity would cORe for
there would need be none who could
not realize Agurs prayer Give me
neither poverty nor riches teed me
with food convenient for me
But none of this can be brought 1
about by futile attempts to divorce
fie material from the spiritual The
highest ethical ideas animate this
land movement Its inspiring princi
ple is justice Its ultimate object the
complete freedom of the human race
Viewed even from Prof Euckens
moral standpoint the spirituality in
this movement must be obvious
The prevailing tendency to push to
extremes analysis and differentiation
In the consideration of all subject ma
In the end reduce the various constit
uent Ideas to a mojilstic basis I is
difficult event at this
dl1cul stage of psy
chological thought to mark a dividing
line between the material and the
More than half a century ago Mary
Somervllle wrote her splendid work
The Connection of the PhysicaJ Sci
ences In which she arranged aud
unified science as then known With
the skill of an inspired artist she
blended the socalled branches of sci
entific knowledge so that the old di
riding lines were lost in a wonderful
picture of nature as a stupendous unit
a coherent and Indivisible whole In
which the constituent elements acted
and reacted upon each other In the
evolution of phenomena Could this
unifying plan bo adapted to the vari
ous problems which arise out of the
relation of human beings to tho uni
verse and each other the task of the
truth seeker might ho much easier
ileasanter and more successful than
it has been under tho control and di
rection of an antiquated scholasticism
But matter what
no maloI changes may
evolve In the realm of thought tho
eternal spirit of justice as expressed
in the golden rule
rle Whatsoever
would that men should do to you do
ye een so to them will continue In
Its sublime simplicity to be the only
way to human progress and happiness
This IB the spirit that animates the
movemen for free land I makes It
tho hope lof the world for only with
free access to natural opportunities
in land can there be free men
1 IH + + HhII + ± HIH + + +
I 4
An Interesting Paper to Be Read at a
Future Meeting of the Local
The Good Templars Lodge is not
only found in this little town where
it is so much needed but it extends
over tho whole world and our larg
est membership and lodges are found
over the ocean On the British Isles
there are 2632 lodges and IUi77
members anc
In Europe there are 1016 lodges
and 217099 members In the U S
of America there arc 1221 lodges and
41297 members There are also lodges
In Australia New Zealand Africa I
Ceylon Turks Islands and others I
mSt might mention but time will not per
We have a record now of 8924 sub
ordinate lodges with a membership ot
419749 The juvenile reports 3487
temples 586 with a membership of 23D
Some of our brightest and wittiest
members are those across the water
Ope of our members who attended the
convention held at Washington re
marked on the enthusiasm these for I
eign members manifested and during
the convention formed themselves in
groups and held temperance meetings
on the street corners to crowds oC
people who would never hear any
thing about the Good Templars Lodge
in any other way Never perhaps dur
ing the whole history of the Temper
ance movement has the outlook
throughout the world been so bright
and satisfactory as it is today And
as W < have a lodge In Ogdon let us
not forget that we have something to
do and that our help and yours Is
needed in bringing about temperance
reforms I
rhree years ago on the eighth toy
of May this lodge was organized in
the Baptist church Twentyone sign
ed the constitution Rev Frank Shaw
was chosen Chief Templar and held
the chair until October 31 1906 when
0 A Smurthwaite was elected chief
templar and who is holding that pO I
sition at the present time Many
changes having taken place since the
lodge was at first organized During
the warm summer months our mem
bership has decreased but each year
we manage to pick up a gain oven If
it is a little hard on tho few faithful
ones At present we have about six
ty good members and others whom we
arc hoping to Ifilng back for there
are many who are Good Tenplars at I
heart and we feel sure they cannot
stay away long During the last two I
months a contesthas been on for the
purpose of gaining new members and
to help strengthen and uplift thoso
who have bei faithful two captains
were chosen Miss Rhoda Prothoro and
Miss LydIa McKinnon About lwenty
new members have been taken in be
sides several old ones brought back
At each weekr meeting a short pro
gram has been relfdered for the good
of the order whlc4 has been very in
teresting as well as Instructive Two
entertainments have been held and
the members and their friends enjoy
ed them very much Arrangements
vill soon begin for a banquet to n
had some time in June when our Na
tional Grand Chief Templar Senator
Cottrell of the State of Washington
intends to honor ns with a visit
Friend all of you who have the tem
L r r r r
perauce work at heart Is there a
need of tho Good Templars Lodge In
Ogden NOl and think for just a mo
ment Do you know what this order
is doing I you know can you an
swer otherwise than yes a great
need For the finished work of
strong drink Is an open pago The
milliner and dressmaker with pride
hang up their finished work Pro
gress in other lines of business dis
plays Its goods and advertise them to
draw custom and all it represents
I for value received But who ever
saw 1 rumseller ever hang up In his
windows his finished work or ever
placard the same with for value re
ceived But the day of toleration when
drinking and selling strong drink was
not considered so bad is past pro
gress has revealed the business of
drunkard making In its true light and
all men everywhere know In this day
Its very fibre and the business if not
protected under a detestable license
system would be an outlaw and die an
early death Then a Good Templars
Order Is needed not only to rescue
the fallen but to train those who
have the opportunity of righting this
wrong at the ballot box in the right
direction Then there are many chil
dren growing up in our midst who
need to have the awfulness of the
drink curse instilled in their minds
that they may always fight this evil
and stand for temperance all their
lives How many young men right
here and roundabout us have been
drugged out of respectability out ot
purity and out of character and into
darkness by this Infernal stuff called
strong drink Do you not see the
work to be dope In spite of all the
reformation we are yet terribly curs
ed The cries of the suffering reach
unto heaven The crime of the na
tion calls forth the wrath of an of
fended God Tho wail of despair rises
from the pit of torment as every five
minutes a new victrim of the scourge
goes down Into the drunkards hell
While good men are asleep touching
this great question the onemy keeps
sowing tho tares The rumbling or
Gods chariot wheels are hoard in the
distance The Iniquity of the saloon
traffic Is full Armies of children with
banners legions of women with pray
ers and labors and an ever Increas
ing body of men with Prohibition bal
lots In their hands unite In the mighty
watchword Tho saloon must go
What Is worth doing at all is worth
doing well and what Is worth doing
well is worth doing at once so that
you may have an early start to do
something better The temperance
cause needs the influence heVp and
support of the Christian people In
fact the Christian people should go
ahead in the fight The great God
yearns to save this world and He will
do it just as Eon as His church will
lend its cooperation If the murder
ous business Is ever to bo outlawe
and pulverized the Christian vote
must elect the men who will enact
the laws and see that they are en
forced Good men will not always be
blinded to these things as they seem
to be now The time Is coming when
our better class of people will awake
out of this moral sleep and then the
curse will go It is time now to
awake The night Is far spent and
the day Is at hand Let UR there
for cast off the work of darkness Wo
Invite you to share in our labors that
you may afterward share in our victories
r + H t + + + + HtH +
Marxian Club Socalsts i
x +
X Any question concerning Social
+ Ism answered Address all com
X munications to K S Hllliard
436 Hcrrlck Avenue
+ + + + IH1
Those who aro happy are good It Is
unhnpplness that makes the wicked
what they are Eugene Sue
To look for truth In the words of an
Insurance official is to look for figs
on a thistle and yet a fig has actual
ly blossomed on those arid stalks
The statement made by John K Gore
President of the Actuaries Associa
tion of America that human life would
soon span 150 years is no vulgar hope
fathered by tho wish for long pre
miums but a deep scientific possibil
The recent researches of Metchnl
koff into the causesand prevention of
old age the rapid growth of prevent
ive medicine the speedily swelling
volume of hygienic knowledge all
point to the gradual lengthening of
human life perhaps beyond the 150
year limit conjectured by Gore
And yet there are obstacles
In 1CG5 the Dutch painter Vader
Cats gave to the world his Allegory
of Life An apple tree perilously over
hangs a flaming pit Precariously
clinging thereto and menaced by tho
firedarting drago of the abyss while
all around him on the bank hiss ven
omous snakes hangs man straining
to pluck the fruit of life Glaring
hungrily at him crouches a giant wolf
between whose paws lies the scraped
clean skull of a previous victim And
to put the supreme touch to the haz
ards of tho Illstarred human two rats
are busily knawing away the trunk
which alone supports him above tho
raring tames which threaten and
the dragon which reaches for him
Mans Life Today
Two hundred and fifty years have
passed away since Vader Cats thus
conceived the state of man but the
conditions which Inspired that concep
ton have not passed away Rather
have they grown worse In the Interim i
Mans life today IB laid through I
graver perils than Cats could know
Food that a respectable burgher of I
that day would not have fed his
cattle has now become the mainstay I
of the people Murderous trades and j
Industries then undreamt of arc all I
thousands today have for a livelihood
A degree of unemployment Ivelhoo
conceivable to a mind accustomed to
the simple and easilyacquired tool of
that time now stalks through the land
with the tawdry badge of Prosperity I
tagged onto IL ThertiesUtutlon of mll
Editorial Committee I
lI + l + ll
j lions that a few may roll in gouty
i luxury affords an album of horrors
j which even Dante could not conjure up
I for his Inferno On such a ibasis no
ccutiiryandahalflong life can be
I The life of 150 years may probably
will come but first the Idle Gore
class must be swept away Weekly
I The difference between evolution
and revolution is Uiat hey mark dif
I ferent periods In the identical pro
1 cess Evolution begins for instance
1 from the instant conception takes
I place and continues until the hour of
j birth sounds At that stage of eolu
i tlon the evolutionary process isso ac
celerated that It becomes revolution
Tho evolutionist who knows what ho
11s saying must be an eventual revolu
j tionisL The revolutionist who knows
I what he is saying must be an evolu
I tionist The evolution that does not
mature in revolution is an addled
egg the revolution that Is not pre
I ceded by evolution Is a flash in the pan
The way thiags aro going on in
Turkey and Russia the population of I
Eastern Europe must soon be thinned
out badly In Turkey the Young Turks
tho revolutionary element are
hanging Old TIle the reactionary
element right and left over bridges
and along roads In Russia the Czar
Old Russian or reactionary element
arc hanging tho revolutionists New
Russian clement right and left any
and evcrywheie
However mistaken the bourgeois I
republican delegate In the French
I Chambers who excitedly charged the
Socialist delegates with being tools
of the reactionists the poor fellow
I was sincere The bo
bourgeois republi
cans are caught In a cleft stick They
aro not tyrants No not they Con
sequcutly they decry monarchy the
institution that once tyrannized them I
Below them however are the Social
ist proletariat While these have no
love for the monarchist tyrant neither
have they any love for his capitalist
substitute whom they are seeking to
dump Into the same nshbarrcl as his
monarchist predecessor The bour
geois radical stands between the dev
I and the deep blue sea Every as
sertion on the part of tho monarchists
forces the bourgeois closer t the So
cialist proletariat Every assertion of
cialst nroletarJat aserion
tho Socialist proletariat forces tIle
bourgeois closer to the monarchist
whichever way ho move ho moves to
wards a foe So that alternately he
looks upon Socialists and Monarchists
as each others tools Fact Is neither
Is Inevitably the monarchists grow
hopeful when the Socialists throw tho
bourgeois Inl a panic but all In
vain The cry Vive le Roi will start
In France Exchange
a spirit no longer F1anceEx
The classic ground for craft Union
ism Is Great Britain True enough the
more fertile sociolOgic soil of the Unit
ed States has enabled the plant of
British craft Unionism to grow hero
into rankest luxuriousness To that
extent it is best studied In America
At the same time lie place of its
birth offers exceptional insight
a type It isto Great Britain that
one must go In order to become clear F
ly aware of that Achilles heel that
fatally weak spot of craft Unionism
which consists in its unavoidable dis
location of the working class by plac I
ing the Labor Movement upon false
foundation through keeping of Increas
Ing numbers of workers outside of the
pale of Unionism Not the least start
ling feature of the new budget pro
posed by Mr LlojdGcorc is the light
one of its provisions throws upon
this very subject
The craft Unions of Great Britain
have been clamoring for Slate Insur
ance against unemployment Mr
LloydGeorge states that the governments
ments scheme while Including Trade
Unionists would Extend its advan
tages to the larger circle of unskilled I
laborers Which means
First that the Trades or craft
Unions do not embrace the unskilled
Secondly that the Trades or craft
unions do not look for the protection
of the unskilled workers
Summed up into one conclusion jt
means that craft Unionism is a carica
ture of middle classlsm It is n would
be jobTrst affair It ignores and ex
cludes the bulk and ever growing
bulk of the proletariat In short it
Is no part of the labor movement
Military Title Led to Pursers Unfor
tunate Assignment of Berths
As I entered tho stateroom as
signed to me on one of the coastwise
steamers on my last trip south I was
startled to find the lower berth littered
feminine apparel said a com
mercial traveler I immediately
sought out the purser of the boat and
told him he must have made some
mistake in allotting the rooms as tho
persons he had put in mine was un
doubtedly a woman If I might Judge
by her belongings
14 Well well he exclaimed much
excited There must be some mis
take Lets look at the passenger list
Examination of the list showed my
name and that of Maj White as the
occupants of the same room The
purser and I went to the stateroom
and there in the doorway stood a mild
eyed young woman When the purser
asked her If that was her room she
glanced at him casually and replied
that It was
But objected the officer 1 have
assigned this room to Maj White
Have I the pleasure of speaking to his
No sir was the prompt reply I
am Maj White Maj White of the
Salvation Army I
Pats Ailment a Grand Large Disease
I for a Small Man
A Chicago physician says that he
was once called to visit a sick man
named Cullen living In a tenement
Just before the doctor took his de
parture 1 number of the residents of
the place dropped in to hear the ver
Well me frlnds said Mrs Cullen
with an air of modest triumph tho
docther here says Pat has an attackt
of plural pneumonia Docther says
I to him aint you exaggeratin a
troifie for to mo way of thlnkln Pat
Is too shmall a man for hot Single
pneumonia I belave Is all thered be
room In him for
But the docther stands by his deci
sion Sure its a grand large disease
for such a shmall man as Pat
And the womans attitude showed
the conscious pride that she folU Il
lustrated Sunday Magazine
Cocoanut Creams
Buy one large cocoanut and in
breaking it open save every bit of Its
milk Pour a pound and a half of
graulated sugar into a pan with the
milk of the nut and beat slowly to
gether until tho sugar is melted and
then let it simmer for about five min
utes Grate the fresh cocoanut and
add it slowly Boll for Len minutes
after the cocoanut is all in and stir
constantly to keep It from sticking to
the bottom of the pot and burning
Pour out onto buttered china plates
and cut into squares This should then
bo set Into a cool place and left for
18 to harden hours as It takes about that time
An Admirable Profligate
Hikealong Henry Wots happened
to Measly Bill an where did he git
thorn new shoes
Plodding Peto Didnt you hear of
Bills windfall Hes got a wife some
week where thats send in him a dollar a
Dollar a week Hully smoke I
Wotll he do with it
Bill says lies goiu to spend every
cent of Il
Well J say what do you think ot
that Aint ho de wealthy voluptu
ary I
Beat whites of five eggs add yolks
nehalf pound of sugar stir 20 min
utes same direction
dlrcclon always to a
cream Add one heaping tablespoon
o f anise sued and half a pounds of
tour Stir together a while Bake In
long narrow tin rounded bottom if
osslblc In moderate heat or about
twenty minutes When partly cooled
cu in slices of threequarters a an
Inch each and brown I oven
ProofThat They Existed But No Sp0 1
clmcns Are In Existence
Dr Sudhoff not long ago read a
ren pa
per before tlo Leipzig Medical society
on dental forceps In antiquity He salt J1
that even before the time of Hippo
crates reference to the use of such ln
vstruments are found but no specimens i
are met with among the surgical Im
plements belonging to classical times
that have been discovered This can
only bo due to the material of which
they were made Unlike the mass of
other Graoc Roman surgical Instr
ments which were nearly all of bronze
the dental forceps of antiquity must
have been made of Iron or steel al
though no medical writer mentions tho
fact In the Aristotelian Mechanical
Problems there Is a pas
sage which according t Dr Sudhoff
has hitherto been overlooked in which
It Is mentioned a n familiar fact that
dental forceps wore made of Iron In
the museum at Homburg where there
is an almost unrivaled collection ot
Iron implements two steelplated den
tal forceps One for the upper the
other for the lower jaw have been
found That dental forceps should
have formed part of tho armamentari
um of a military surgeon in a remote
outpost shows in what common uao
the instrument was British Medical
Circumstances of Case All Point to
Suicide of Elephant
An Agra India correspondent
sends a remarkable story concerning
what Is declared to be the deliberate
suicide of an elephant
The great annual mela or fair at
Batesar In the northwest provinces Is
held on the bank of the Jumna which
Is there crossed by a bridge of bat
At the side of tho river opposite the
fair there is a slope down which the
elephants bringing visitors to tho
bridge slide into the river and swim
across A young elephant making tho
trip for tho first time trumpeted an
grily when his trappings were stripped
from him preparatory t his swim
but seeing other elephants crossing
the stream ahead of him he plunged
In and followed
When he reached the opposite
bank however he swerved
swered around
and swam back again Tho mahout
sought to force him around again
but without result and when within a
yard or two of the bank the elephant
after trumpeting again plunged down
into tho river Just In the nick of
time the mahout was rescued by
means of a long bamboo but the ele
phant was drowned to all appearance
by his own deliberate act
Matter of Relative Values As Under
stood In Holstein
In the province of Holstein says a
traveler who spends a good deal of his
time abroad where of course noth
ing Is more important than the breed
ing of superior cattle the country peo
ple arc not only very thrifty but ex
ceedingly fond of their cows as may
be gathered from a characteristic story
current there
I appears that one farmer was
walking sadly down the road one day
when the village pastor met him
114Why so downcast friend asked
the pastor
I have a sad errand pastor re
plied the farmer Farmer Ilenriks
cow is dead In my posture and I am
on my way to tell him
1 A hard task Indeed
I You may well say so pastor but
I shall break It t him gently
I And how will you do that
I Oh I shall tell him first that it is
his father who is dead and then hav
ing opened the way for sadder news
Btlll I shall toll him that It IB not his
father Weekly but the cowl Harpers
To Save the Birds
The statisticians who foot up tho
loss to the country resulting from tho
killing of insectdestroying birds and
from our further neglect t Intelli
gently protect and foster those winged
scavengers of the air put the gross
sum at 800000000 per year We do
not know upon what facts or what
basis of computation this enormous
total is reached but if it is onetenth
part true it is a startling showing Tho
proposition of the federal government
to set aside bird reservations and
resorvatons aul
breeding grounds where our feathered
friends might be protected In life lib
erty and the pursuit of happiness
seems to rest upon sound economical
grounds It Is a measure of safety for
ourselves as well as for the birds
Spanish Rice
Put one tablespoonful each of but
ter and olive oil In a frying pan
when hot add ono cupful dry rice
stirring constantly until It becomes a
golden brown Then add water
enough to cook the rice All one largo
onion chopped fine and salt to taste
Put two large dry poppers In the
oven until dark brown or crisp Put
them in a cloth and rub well to a
powder Add this to the rice When
rico Is thoroughly cooked sld a large
piece of butter Servo hot
Marshmallow Fudge
Put into a saucepan one cupful milk
wo cupfuls sugar two squares of
chocolate broken into bits and a tea
spoonful of butter Cook until the
sirup spins a light thread Just before
the sirup Is done drop into It ono
by one a half pound of marshmallows
Mash with a spoon then beat all to
gether until the mixture Is smooth and
flno grained Add if desired a little
vanilla to flavor turn onto a buttered
dish and mark Into squares
Dogs Bred for Uee
The bull dog used to drive cattle
and was trained to meet the rushes of
his enormous charges by gripping them
In their most vulnerable spot tho
nose Thus In time he became known
as the bull dog The dachshund is a
German dog and as his name indi
cates when translated was used for
hunting badgora L iiia name 11
badger dog

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