OCR Interpretation

The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1902-1910, May 29, 1909, Part Two, Image 14

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058398/1909-05-29/ed-1/seq-14/

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In IJVJ by LMoclated Farm Irea Chicago I
Dank Damp Quarters and Lice
Responsible Nealy All
Deaths of Young Turkeys
y <
i Turkey hens begin laying early In
usually make
and an they u U
the spring
nests the ground it is not advisable
their on
the first lot or
them hatch
visable let
them to alt In
eggs unices one cnn get
sheltered place
cold damp nest
1C the hen alts a
will hatch well This
the ngt
eggs sickly
Is often the cause of weak
make the best
While turkey hens
plan to hatch the
mothers It Is a good
egfSWHh chicken hens
first clutch of eggs
then by the time the turkey hens have
flnlBhed the second laying the weather
and they may
IB somewhat warmer
allowed alt
See that thfc hens have good nests
and arc kept free of lice If the hens
riro allowed to sit In old nestboxes
become regular louso
they will soon
Incubators Then when the HUle tur
trouble will begin
out your
keys como
In earnest
lice to kill a
It doesnt take many
A ounJ turkey caj >
young turkey young
endure these lifesapping creatures as
long as a chick can
Ififho feed Is aU right and still they
donot seem to thrive the chances are
vermin oft some sort
Spread the wings out and examine
well on both the Inside and outside
Tholatter is a favorite hiding plate
and It sometimes happens that no lice
can be found anywhere else However
It is not uncommon to find the large
lice wherever there are pinfeathers
Head lice attack little turkeys almost
as soon as they ar6 hatched
pinned our faith to a
I osttyoar we
i Bocallod lousekiHer and before we
kJtew It our turkeys and chickens were
I literally all < e with lice Wrtcthcr it
I hltd lost its strength or was bogus we
I arcmotfpjepareo say but every time
I itarni11ei1the little fowls became
i so stek that some of them came near
I It had a worse effect upon the tur
I kjjyfl and chickens than it did upon the
I lice Then we began to use lard as
wovUBedPto do years ago bcfoio louse
killers came into general use t
Up to this time we had lost fifteen
turkeys and twice that number of
chickens all because tho 11louse killer
failed to kill lice No more turkeys or
chicks died but thousands of lIco did
Great care must be exorcised lest a
little too much is applied Just a little
is enough and it must be put on where
itajvHf reach the lice
Take a little on tho end of the finger
and apply wherever the lice arc found
Olive oil may be used Instead of lard
Lice cannot live long In either and
both are harmless to the little fowls
unless too much Is used
The grease should not touch the bare
spot under the wings If It can be avoid
ed and the head should not be greased
unless one is certain that either lice or
nits arc present
A young turkey needs sunshine Some
people make a practice of shuttlpg
their turkeys up in close dark coops
for the first week or two after they
are hatched
These are the people whoso turkeys
die without any cause
Milch cows require different feed
than beef cattle You should not feed
much fatforming foods as your cows
would lay on fat instead of producing
milk Feed more silage or roots in the
Dally feed for a 1000pound cow
Forty pounds of silage seven pounds
of clover hay and eight pounds of
The cows that arc soon to freshen
nhould be fed on succulent feed such
as stlngc or roots > bran linseed meal
with a little oats Keep the bowels
open and do not feed very heavy on
grain juet before or after calving
After calving give bran mashes and
worm the drinking water for a few
days Allow the calf to suck for about
two days and then feed the mothers
milk from a pall for about two wqeks
about three quarts twice a day after
that reduce it
with skimmilk or warm
water so that at the end of the fourth
week the calf will be getting all skim
milk or half whole milk and half warm
waer with some reliable stock tonic
to aid digestion
Keep a supply of good clover or aK
falfa hay within reach
and also some
ground oats with a little linseed meal
mixed with it
After the calf eats the ground feed
gradually get him used to catlngwholc
oats as this Is the best feed for him
up to 6 months old
The heifers should not be bred until
16 or 18 months oldj H Shepard
Roup Is a contagious catarrh arjd
will unless Immediately checked go
through the entire flock Every affect
ed bird should be separated from the
rest at once The swelling on the head
should be opened with a sharp Instru
ment and the wound treated with an
antiseptic such as listerine or ono part
carbolic acid to twenty parts water A
5 per cent solution of sulphate of cop
per Injected into the nostrils the cleft
of tho palate the eyes and the wouudn
made by opening tho swellings Is said
to be very good
Sometimes roup taken the form of
diphtheria and Is more violent than
ordinary rou > Sometime children
take it from poultry It Is very dllll
cult to cure and 1C this disease got info
my own Hock I wpuld kill every af
fected bird and burn Its body You
will save time and probably a part f
our flock by killing all the diseased
birds and burning them
Put tho rest of tho flopk In warm
dry quarters and before putting them
in burn a little sulphur in tho building
first closing all the openings Do not
put the birds Into the building for at
least five hours after the burning ol
the sulphur during which time
1 <
bhould be thoroughly ventilated
Senator A D Stephens has hit upon
a novel plan of filling the Crookston
Minn School of Agriculture He
promises to loan any son of a farmer
enough money to pay his expenses pro
vided his father will give him the
of five acres of land and the upn prom
Isca to cultivate tho land and pay bacfc
L tho loan Many have even now availed
hamsoivcs of the plan v
J i i
t r W c
otai t v
When cholera appears In the flock
give no wat r except that In which
pokcroot has tjcen boiled This is both
preventive and a cure An Illinois
man says one 6f his hens laid an egg
two and seveneighths inches long
and one and fifteensixteenths inches
wide tho measurement being taken
iwith calipers
Ono man will win with ono kind of
hen find another man with some other
breed It Ir with hens as It Is with
cows We should choose tho breed we
like the beat and then stay with it
Fowls fire naturally hardy and con
tagion In a flock Is due to careless
ness on the part of the poultry keeper
This Is proved by the fact that ex
pert poultry raisers have very few
sick chickens
Hens need a better place on which
to roost than the trees around the
house Of course they may survive
there but merely living and returning
a proflb arc two different things
Dont atop > feeding tho hens shells
just becaueo they arc out of doors
hnd can shift for themselves There
Is no line noteven an Imaginaryone
between tho days whenthe hen likes
shells and when she does not All
days are alike in that respect
A woman in Vermont writes that
from sixty pullets and twelve yearling
Rhode Island hens she sold last year
eggs to the amount of 26262 not
counting the eggs used in a family of
four Feed advertising etc cost 9477
making a gain of 16785 These hens
laid 8746 eggs
To have the chickens mature rapidly
a proper type of breeding fowl should
be obtained This type consists of
fowls of medium size and brood and
blocky in shape like the Plymouth
Rock and Wyandottes Tho chickens
should be frequently fed and a suffi
cient quantity of food given each time
to satisfy them
There is always a good chance for
the man that docs not know all there
Is to be known about farming hut
wants to know more and the one that
says I bellevo if anybody can do It
I can
Of all hopeless cases In the world
none is more so than the man who
thinks he has no more to learn If
everybody were like such a man things
would come to a dead standstill Tho
live man the man that makes the
world move is the one who sees that
there is something beyond and who is
willing to try to reach that thing
Take the man who says My place
looks pretty well this spring but Ill
makq it look better or the ono who
tells you My crops arc good never
betterbut I can do still greater
things There you have the secret
of progress In farming
Go past the farms of those men a
few years from now and you will
scarcely know them Everywhere you
will note Improvements There will be
better buildings id more of them I
The fences will be kept up better I
The crops will ccrtainlystand better
Things will be looking up
Why Is It not just as easy to do that
way as it Is to sag back and say I
am all right None of my neIghbors
get better crops than I do tf have a
goo living Let it go at that
This is not ideal farming for the
fact Is the man who talks that way has
no Ideal He is not working toward
anything better than he now has The
world needs idealists among farmers
just as It docs among artists noets
and literary men
The man with an Ideal is tho man
other men love to follow
This barn was planned for tho large
farn of the PaUlIst Fathers and Is
10x120 feet It has an Sfoot basement
and a 20foot superstructure The
basement has 7 horso stalls 3 box I
stalls IS cow stalls open stable for
young cattle and a large sheep stable
A cistern Is constructed under one I
approach and a root cellar under the
other whHootwo silos are placed be
tween the approaches
Tho barn has two driveways on the
I I Tt Mtiy
R It4 I I I OJ tjg 4 Jo T 0 C
Stti1 ii
c Al
h Yt ch r
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ii 7
C II a =
I i f
rut lhJ
I hItstIvt < f V
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main floor and three double ways for
hay and grain
While this barn Is built on a farm of
acres there arc
many smaller
farms that could be much benefited by
a barn this size The day has long
since gone bywhen rogresslvw farm
era can get along without good barns
In which to store the provender of
harvest time and give farm animals
protection from the cold storms of
Ever have
any trouble about getting
oolH loaned
to neighbors If
L you have and even If you havent put
your name on all your farm tools Its
easy Just take a little tallow or bees
wax melt It
spread over the place
on which
In you want your name Write
the name down
through the
wax with
a big noodle or
niodlo awl and
pour a few
drops ot nitric acid over the letter you
have mndc Leave
fh eave for a few moments
I thon wipe off the
wax and
tro your namo
wi1l4c on the Iron to stay
a Wua
Is Possible Nearly Everywhere
if the Soil Needs of theTrees
Are Closely Studied
There are scores of communities In
which half of the residents grow their
own peaches and the othen half buy or
lament the fact that they cant grow
peaches I
Peaches are Jn a way fitful yet the
chances are that manY of those who
bewail their location might have as
many as their neighbors by exorcising
a little care
The majority of tho little orchards
are natural fruit Whether it pays to
depend upon this with budded trees
now so cheap Is a question worth con
sidering but it certainly pays much
better than to do without fruit
1C was once nought that only sandy
soil would grow peaches They have
succeeded nicely on stiff clay If well
enriched and cultivated A sandy or
clayey loam is preferable and must not
be too highly fertilized as the peach Is
naturally a quickgrowing tree
A hillside naturally well drained Is
a favored location for peach trees
The frost docs not strike them so read
My as on lower ground But beware of
too sunny exposures or else the first
warm days will coax out the buds to
be blasted by frost
As peach trees develop and mature
rapidly they aic corresp6ncUnglj short
lived and tho owner of a good orchard
today must plant new trees for a few
years hence It is a constant succes
sion of growth and decay
No more satisfactory field can be
chosen for Investigation a la Burbank
and It is along a line which is surd to
prove profitable though no world
renowned variety may be evolved
If peach growing Is un experiment It
is perhaps wise to restrict it mainly to
seedlings Should it prove a success in
your orchard you will want to add
some nursery stock which is save In
some stray Instances of better quality
For market purposes named fruit
only is salable and the surplus even
though small will balance up on the
sugar used In home consumption This
alone Is quite an Item
In selecting nursery trees choice
should be in a measure made accord
ing to the time of ripening A doubtful
location a smaller proportion of the
very early and very late Is preferable
Choose freestones for the main crop
The yellowfleshed varieties aro the
besl sellers and as a rule the best for
canning Early Crawford Is one of the
best early varieties Elberta stands
high in the list for the main crop
It is easy to put tho pits of some
choice fruit Into a bag and let them
freeze thus helping the germs to
break forth and then plant In some
suitable place a seedling bearing fruit
In a very few years I
Seedlings differ from the patent but
as a rule the finer tho peach selected
for seed the better the quality of the
With a sandy soil and a subsoil of
clay or clay and gravel plow deep so
as to raise and mix the clay with tho
surface soil and sand
The combination forms a sandclay
road at a trifling expense I
If the road be entirely of sand a
r I
mistake will be made If It is plowed
unless clay can be added I
Such plowing would merely deepen
the sand and at the same time break
up the small amount of hard surface
material which may have formed
1If the subsoil Is cay and the surface
scant in sand or gravel plowing should
not be resorted to as It voiUd result
In a clay surface rather than one of
sand or gravel
A road foreman must know not only
what to plow and what not to plow
but how and when to plow
If the road is of the kind which
according to tho above instructions
should be plowed over Us whole width
the best method Is to run the first
furrow In the middle of the road and
work out to the sides thus forming a
Results from such plowing arc the
greatest In the spring or early summer
In ditches a plow can bo used to
good advantage but should be fol
lowed by a scraper or grader
To make wld < deep ditches nothing
bettor than the ordinary drag scraper
has yet been devised
For hauls under 100 feet or in mak
ing fills It is especially serviceable
The Department of Agriculture Is
watching closely the outcome J of the
experiments with camphor trees both
In Texas and in Florida Some Of the
promoters of the Industry In the e
states claim that the profits from these
acre trees sometimes r airiount to KBO pr
I <
l i J
7 t1 k
1Pt l
1 jt
The frame of this roller Is made of
Ix4inch scantling The brace xtcnd
ing from frame to tongue ifl made from
on old wagon tire The drums arc 36
feet In Ifngth and arc made of old
mower wheels on which are bolted 2x4
scantlings An Iron shaft extends the I
entire length of the two drums and Is
made stationary in the frame The
L t
drums revolve on the shaft Tho box
above the drums and in front of the
scat Is for extra weight when the
weight of the roller lg not sufficient to
crush the clods
The scat Is an old mower scat bolted I
on rear end of tho tongue so the weight
of the driver will balance tonguo and
take weight off tho necks of team
John S Pierce
Few things arc more displeasing than
to see a Jot hoterogenous pigs fol
lowing a scrub Sow They are unsatis
factory to the feed lot and unprofitable
to the farmer
There Is no good excuse for keeping
scrub sous The brood sow should he
largo roomy and stand well on her
toes The shoulders should be smooth
and deep baok wide and slightly
arched There should be ample room
for heart and lungs provided by a wide
and deep chest wellsprung ribs and
Home Grown Alfalfa and Cow
Pea Hay Found Valuable by
Tennessee Dairymen
IJmJr I Lr
Too many dairy farmers arc running
to the mills and feed stores for sup
plies for their dairy cows They know
they need concentrates but do not
study the problem of feeding to a con
clusion Down in Tennessee they raise
a great deal of cow pea hay and think
much of it Northern farmers might
raise more to advantage They arc
also beginning to know what alfalfa
is down there and they are feeding It
largely in many sections of the state
The Tennessee experiment station
has helped tho farmers Immensely by
experimenting with tho different feeds
for dairy and beef cattlc The Investi
gators find hat the cost of milk can
be greatly reduced by replacing a part
of the concentrates In the dally ration
of the cow with some roughness rich In
protein such as alfalfa or cow pea hay
It is advantage to fed a dry rough
ness which IsJ intended to replace a
part of the concentrates In a ratl6n I
The cruelty of sawing off the horns of cattle may be entirely avoided by the use of a bit of caustic applied
to the starting horns of calves when one week or ten days old A second application is sometimes though not
generally necessary
straight deep sides A good depth of
chest and abdomen arc especially im
portant In a sow
If possible the sow should bo select
ed from a large litter This Is apt to
Insure fecundity Each sow should
have at least twelve well developed
teats thus providing proper nourish
ment for large litters
The sow should show quality but not
at tho expense of constitution and
vigor When a sow has shown herself
to bo a prolific breeder she should be
retained as long as her reproductive
powers are maintained
When fresh manure Is allowed to
icniahn in a heap decomposition com
mences in a fow days The carbon
combines with oxygen In the air pro
ducing carbonic dioxide which Is given
off the manure pile Considerable heat
Is produced during this process which
dries out the water and as the water
passes out of the manure the dry state
causes the nitrogen to piss out While
the entire heap of manure is wet
the loss of nitrogen Is small but the
waste of the valuable portion Is by
leaching I
Experience demonstrates that a ton
of stable manure exposed for nix
months will lose almost oneImlf Its I
weight and 27 pounds of nitrogen
When exposed for one year the loss of i
nitrogen Is a little over onethird If
the exposure be continued for two
years and over twothirds or more of
the fertilizing properties would he
wasted leaving not more than 60 cents
of value to the ton
This Makes It Easy to Get Over a
r Barbed Wire Fence
j < tJ t
with silage because of its succulent
and palatable nature
A ton of alfalfa or cow pea hay may
be produced ata cost of from 300 to
500 whereas wheat bran costs from
20 to 25 From two to three tons of
cow pea hay and from three to five
tons of alfalfa can be obtained from an
acre of land hence there Is a great ad
vantage In the utilization of theso
roughnesses In the place of wheat
Alfalfa and cow pea hay canfiot be
substituted to the best advantage for
cottonseed meal as this foodstuff Is
so very rich In protein that a larger
bulk must be consumed than the ca
pacity of the average cow will permit
The substitution of a roughness rich
in protein for nn expensive concentrate
will enable the dairyman to make milk
and butter at a less cost and will thus
solve one of his most serious prob
In substituting alfalfa bay for wheat
bran It vlll be best to allow one and
onehalf pounds of alfalfa to each
pound of wheat bran and the results
are likely to provo more satisfactory I
If the alfalfa Is fed in a finely chopped I
con Illon
These tests Indicate that with alfalfa I
hay at HO a ton mid wheat bran at I
20 the saving effected by substituting
alfalfa for wheat bran would be 200
for every 100 pounds of butter and 19S
cents for every 100 pounds of milk The
farmer could thus afford to sell his
milk for 198 cents a hundred less than
ho now receives and his butter for
about 22 cents as compared with 25
cents a pound I
These experiments show why nlfalfa
has been frequently used as a basis of
manufactured foodstuffs and indicate
that the farmer who can grow It makes
a mistake in purchasing artificial stuffs
of which It forms the basis
When alfalfa was fed under the most
favorable conditions a gallon of milk
was obtained for 57 cents and a pound
of butter for 10i
cents When cow
pea hay was fed the
lowest cost of a
gallon of milk was 52 cents and of a
pound of butter 94 cents In localities
where peas have grown well It can bo
utilized to replace wheat bran and In
sections where alfalfa can bo grown
this ciop con be substituted for cow
pea hay with satisfaction
Massachusetts has sot an example of
good sense In the preservation of her
forests which may well be followed
by her sister states In the west
Massachusetts has been on the road
a good while as her timber thieves
and lumber hogs have been ns numer
ous and persistent as those of the west
but they have been kept from robbing
the state of her forests by good laws
administered by honest men I
Of the 5000000 acres In Massachu
setts there are about 3000000 In heavy
timber wood lots parks and waste land
I Can any other state make
as good a
showing Hardly
And this great
area much of which Is beautiful for
ests IB being steadily Improved
by a
systematic course of preservation and
reforestation The people are taught
by the state how to nave the trees they
have and how to grow new ones In
place of those cut down for yearly
needs or destroyed by lire or other ac
Ton thousand dolors a year Is spent
In giving object lessons In reforesta
tion The state forester F w Fane
Is an enthUElast about forests He
loves trtes as he docs animals and the
death of a fine tree grieves him more
deeply than time death of a fino horse
or a cow because a florae
new or a
cow can be produced at full value In
four ypara but a new tree cannot be
grown to full value under twenty years
Do not wait for the corn to get much
above the ground before beginning cul
tivation A harrow put on Just before
the plant appears above tho surface
or Immediately afterward kills millions
of weeds and prepares the soil for the
tender plant when It comes through
Then the wecdcrs and cultivators
should be kept going from this time
until the corn Is too big to be culti
vated with safety If the season la dry
more cultivation Is necessary because
it has been demonstrated that the
I average rainfall Is not sufficient to
grow a full crop of corn without keep
I Ing themolsturo under the surface and
I the Importance of thorough cultivation
in dry seasons Is therefore apparent
A fine dust mulch will keep the
moisture from evaporating and render
tho plant fOod available for the corn
Tlje first cultivation rruTx be deep
but after cultivations should be shal
low The oldfashioned plow ripping
along between rows four or live
Inches deep tearing and cutting off
the roots has destroyed millions of
bushels of corn In times gone by
Most farmers know bettor now but
there may beyet some unenlightened
man and to him this warning applies
When the corn plant Is three or four
feet high the fibrous roots extend from
ono row to another and form a mat
from three to five Inches under the sur
face When six to eight feet high
these roots have formed a complete
connection between the rows and It
can easily bo understood that a cul
tivator set five or six Inches deep will
tear this mat apart and thus greatly
Injure the growing plant
Alfalfa grows best on a deep sandy
loam underlaid by a loose and pdr
I meable subsoil
I It will not grow if there is an excess
of water in the soil The land must
bo well drained Plow the land deeply
alfalfa is a deep feeder
Sow alone and screen seed before
I using to separate the dodder and other
I weed seeds Dodder Is the worst enemy
of alfalfa
For a hay crop sow twenty to thirty
pounds of seed per acre For a crop
of seed sow fourteen to eighteen pounds
per acre
Alfalfa does not attain maturity until
the third or fourth year so do not sow
it expecting to get the best results in
less time Keep the weeds mowed and
raked off the first season or they will
choke out tho crop
Cut the hay when the first flowers
appear If cut In full bloom the hay
I will be woody For seed cut when the
middle clusters of the seed pods are
dark brown
Whether ornot alfalfa Is a hardy
profitable crop in the northern states
has not yet been fully demonstrated
but in some Instances It has been
grown successfully even in Canada I
It should be the aim of every breeder
of horses to raise wcllbrod and well
trained animals
The offspring of Immature undevel
oped animals Is inferior to that of ma
tured and fullgrown parents
It Is the steady quiet horse that can
do the biggest days work when the
weather Is extremely hot
The origin of many diseases may he
traced directly to the filthy quarters In
which the animals are kept
Silage may be fed to horses In small
quantities provided It is absolutely
sweet If Is not it is extremely dan
It does not hurt a mare to give her
moderate work up to within a week of
Dont compel the work teams to drink
warm water
This cut shows a concrete trough so
arranged that the stock In two spparate
fields can obtain water from the same
place without Interfering or making
n I
1111 J
trouble Such a trough may be built
with a solid base or set on blocks The
common size in use Is S feet long 2
feet wide at top and 116 feet at bottom
and I1f feet deep all Inside measure
ments iliJ d
These youngsters are twins and as
their mother died In giving birth to
them they were raised on the milk of
other cows
At first they wore fed from a bottle
with a large nursing tube Soon how
ever they learned to drink from the
bottle itself and when a few days old
were able to drink from a pall
They were fed whole milk until three
weeks old and then were given
half skim milk with onehalf whole
milk and a little bran
once a
Then six weeks old they began to
mightily nibble oats and hay and soon grew
Take them away in detachments
ginning first with two SL
or three
of the
Plumpest largest and strongest then
the next strongest batch SKiVftj
poor ones of the litter to leaving the
drying off l1p ete tho
The boar ought
always to be
In n pen by himself kept
from the other aay
hogs He
a rooc1slzed yard In whIch h
ercise can ex
If allowed to ruin with the
he Is likely to Injure them bnct olller hogs
Keop hIm thrifty but not
his top fat or
got will be puny
Good pigs are nn grown
8rownalctJ t
on wind and water l1cd
They Give Better Results Than
Are Possible by the Old
Fashioned Fork Method
c i2I m 1Jf I
Wo have nover yet heard of a farmer
who used manure spreader who went
back to tho oldfashioned way of
pitching the manure out of a wagon
with a fork The advantages of tfio
spreader over the old aYof using
a fork are so numerous and ao plain
that no argument can overcome them
In the first place spreading manure
from a wagon Is a dirty and disagree
able job In the next
place It la ut
terly Impossible to distribute
nure evenly by this method
By the use of a spreader a man car
get over u great deal more ground ano
the manure will go very much farthei
because It Is ovenly distributed
If you will observe the moadowj
where you have distributed manure b
the forkful you will see that field
presents a spotted appearance uJe
grass being rank In tha > places where
tho manure struck tflef ground hut
scanty and sparse where no manure
reached it
By tho use of a wagon a man
stand on the manure while distributing
It and the starting and stopping ol
tho team takes time and altogether
the Job Is unsatisfactory
With a manure spreader all that
necessary is to back the machine up
next to the back of tho barn under
the stable window and
empty the
nure Into it dally and then when tho
box is full mount tho wagon drive out
Into the field and without touching
the manure with a fork It Is quickly
and easily distributed
Spreaders arc so arranged that by a
little pressure on a lever the amount
of manure can be Increased on th
bare spots and shut off
where not so
much Is needed
There are plenty of twohorse
nure spreaders but most of them re
lure three horses and sometime
farmers use a double team for the
purpose A good form of spreader 13
tho wagon box type It Is simply a box
fitted with the machinery and which
will go onto your wagon trucks They
are quickly attached and are light and
handy because they will go anywherj
thata wagon will go
These wagons can easily be handled
with two horses A good way to usa
this spreader Is to have two supports
on the outside of the barn near the
window upon which the box spreader
is placed But a better way Is ta
suspend the spreader from supports by
means of ropes and a pulley and when
the box Is full run the trucks under
lot down the box and drive off
These machines arc somewhal
cheaper than the regular spreaders the
difference being from 10 to J60
An Illinois man taught me how to
raise and cure sorghum He puts In
two bushels of seed to the acre with a
wheat drill This gives a uniform
growth the plant Is small and the
yield Is about as heavy as from a
thinner seeding
I never worked on a farm until I was
IS years old I had always worked In
a beefpacking plant In a large clt >
and I suppose that is hero I formed
a habit of hustling which has stuck
to me over since When I commenced
farming I used to listen for the sound
of the whistle at dinner time but I
soon learned that In tho busy seasons
a man cannot put In too many hour
Some of the boys In my neighborhood
told me It was a mistake to do any
more than I really had to to hold my
job but I take notice that I am now
getting S6 per month and my board
and washing the year round whit
the other fellows get about SIS and art
laid off during the winter
Farm help Is becoming scarcer over
year but I think the farmer himself Ii
largely to blame Too many farmers
regard tho hired man as a beast ol
burden and give him about the ani
treatment that they do their mules
How can a farmer expect to keel > a
good man If he only pays him 20 per
month makes him sloop In a hot loft
In the house or In tho haymow exrxt
him to work fifteen hours a day seven
days In the week during the summer
and fires him In the falP I notice that
the farmer who keeps his hired roan
all the year round and treats him with
the consideration that Is due him gen
orally makes money and seldom kick
about the scarcity of labor
The farmer who leads and does net
drive Is tho man who gets the nvl
work and the best service out of tbf
hired man
The hired man who does not keel
himself neat and clean has no right te
expect to sit at the fanllly table
Soap Is cheap and the well Is usuaJI
Both before and after lambing Is I J
raiser as
anxious time for the sheep
stands to lose considerable or to Sldn
great deal
Much Is written about the realm
of ewes after lambing and too little I I
said about giving them extra care N
If the ewe Is thin and weak It
lambs always make a bad start for
the milk In deficient both In qurI n 1I1
and quality they are badly nourlsbc
If only one 18 to be raised it may su
cecd better than twins but even
hard time of
single lamb will havo a
If the owe IF poor
r know there is danger In hrlr
some kinds of stock too fat at the tirj
but wr
of producing their young
few ewes suffer from that
have U
It Is most undesirable to
at I
strength of the ewe Impaired
needed to
time as strength Is
successfully and condition Is wanl
to provide amply for the
this reason It would be well to put
under careful
breeding owes un er
lance for a time before lambing
A heavy coat of wool may give the
bones a
a fat appearance but If the
prominent it la not a good sign
Ira care and superior food dally
bo f1li
really necessary If one
sure the ewer al o In proper
It Is much cheaper and more
factory to do this than to mnko tv
efforts to improve them n1enard
R Gilbert
Wyoming will havo a 25000
Ing for the special use of women In J
study of domestic science In
to the other state arm bulldtni S
j c

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