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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1902-1910, January 08, 1910, Part Two, Image 10

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T 0 T THEOGDENSTANDARD
I WILLIAM J BURNS NEW WARDED OF THE BANKS I
mi
miThe Man Who Replaces the Pinkertons
Is Known as Never Fail and His
Career Proves That He Has Bravely
Earned the Name
Copnm t 1010 br the N e IT rae Henld Co ill iht H ierr s1
NEW YORK Saturday
VERY morning In New York some man care
fully scans the dally newspapers column by
column and paragraph by paragraph lu split
I of his careful search he Is Interested only when
he finds the announcement of the arrest of
inic unfurlunitc Klnnlly he setlles back In hip
hair mid to himself asks the question
Will I be the next
Till man whose Identity changes from time to
lime Is employed sumo one of the largo bank lie
N robbing hN employer and In knows It Is rtnlj a
tiiastlou of tiino when his sllIlsslng will he rtlsrot
ired null he will be exposed In his crime1
This assertion was mndo to a reporter for this news
iipor u few days ago by the president of olio of Mic
realest of Nc Yorks Iluanclul Institutions Lie
u he no more spccllic In his Informutlon
Thefts he said arc bad advertisements for
jinks Yet we all know thai men arc constantly
planning to lob us Sometimes It Is deemed wise to
ause arrests and bring about scnndals that startle the
city Most generally however the wrongdoing Is cor
rected In a very quiet manner So long na bankd
exist men will be found who will succeed in robbing
them generally from the inside
It is to prevent such robberies nud to apprehend the
robbers that the American Bankers Association rep
tenths employed Mr William J Burns who when lie
left the federal Secret Service was described as the1
most competent detective the United States has pro
duced to protect 11000 banking Institution tfrnlnst
frauds defalcations and robberies The Wllllnni J
Bums National Detective Agency is his organization
with headquarters in New York branches in all parts
of the country and representatives In all parts of the
world After sixteen years in the Secret Service Bu
reau of the Treasury Department during which lIt
i never disappointed his chiefs on a single case to which
he was assigned he has Inaugurated his carpet as a
private detective by obtaining the one largest cum
mission procurable I
His Two Big Cases
Every one In the West and also every one nuvwrPrr
who has followed the San Francisco municipal iiif
and tho timber land fraud prosecutions knows Wllllmri
J Burns who Is called Never Fall Those two vi ml
rases wexo his post graduate course In his prutt hint
and save him a record that makes him without quo
Son one of the greatest detectives of the limo 121
I few persons beyond those who have been directly a
V loclatod with him are famlllur with hts personal jf
Dr with the steps that have brought him into nntiomU
I prominence
When a reporter for this newspaper onifid rln
1 vfflces of the new detective agency a few days aga he
r i was ushered into a room where a quietly dressed lJ111
ness man sat at a small desk At least the 1 reporter
I I I
k i I i saw no particular difference between William J Burn
tnd any prosperous business man uutll he slid Into 11
I icat a few feet away It Is not a correct csllmiitc of
IJ his appearance to say that William J Burns mlgjil
a lawyer or a manufacturer or a promoter or a physj
r clan He might but the observer would know ai
second glance that he Is none of these things Then1
Is something about him that puts him outside till
r ordinary professional or commercial clossII sugge
tlon of keen fearless detecting intelligence In his
wide clear eye an Impression of bodily and mental
alertness In the act of his bead and shoulders an In
r definable hint of an ulterior outlook and Judgment be
hind his frank ready unhesitating manner Perhaps
one would not go up to him In a crowd and point him
out as a detective but having once known him as
such one would certainly soy that he Is well equipped
lot
a for his particular line of effort
And still there Is little of the ordinary policeman as
popularly conceded about Mr Burns He is of
medium height with just a tendency to weight soft
reddish hull and mustache light brown eyes and smUll
hands and feet He does not look a day over thirty
seven though he Is considerably more than that and
his checks arc almost chubby For the rest ho has the
l quiet command and repose of the man of action who
Is sure of himself and his abilities talks well and Is
without pose or affectation
I was brought up among detectives and to the busi
ness of catching criminals he said easily In answer
I
to a question My father was a police commissioner
i In Columbus Ohio and while I was still a boy I was
able to study police methods and to aid In solving
crimes It attracted me and when I became older I
drifted Into It naturally
The first case of any Importance on which I was
engaged was In Ohio There was a big uproar o er
r > frauds perpetrated by means of forged tally
sheets I picked up some Information and being near
the authorities through my father was asked to work
on the case In earnest I accepted and obtained a part
of tho evidence that uncovered the crimes and con
victed those responsible for them After that I was
employed by a private agency In Bt Louis tor a time
uud In 1890 1 went Into tho Secret Service where I
remained untfl 1006 when I took up the San Francisco
graft case
How about your methods Mr Burns dcduc
Uon began the reporter
Nothing to it said the detective rigorously I
sec what youre coming to You mean these mys
teries built up with a pen and solved by the color of
cigar ashes Whenever you hear a man talk about
clearing up a crime the way Conan Doyle or Gaboriau
work It out In print you can know lies a bunk talker
The only thing that goes for a detective Is just
plain common sense Its not nearly so brilliant or so
attractive or such good material for fiction as the
genius of Sherlock Holmes But Its the way that
oriminnls are captured and convicted I apply lo ny
business simply the ordinary principles of system
i and foresight and practical handling cf facts ad
uatlent ireresttgatlon that a man docs who runs a store
WILLIAM J BURNS
Photo by Rothcngattcr
pP I l
or ii factory And I do it without going Into n trance
Do 1 start out with a theory Well yes Whon
you havo enough threads in your hands you fall Ji
with a theory of course But 1 never let the theory
run away with me A theory is a pretty flimsy thing
lint it Isnt safe to hang too much faith on I nlwayj
make my theory fit my facts and not the other way
about If a man lets himself get too fond of his the
ories he cant give very much unbiassed attention to
t truth
You seem to have worked out most of yours faily
well observed the visitor
Thanks said Mr Burns with little smiling
wrinkles around bis eyes Ive had reasonable suc
cess Ive never yet had to throw up a case or own
myself beaten I dont take any undue pride in It
he added quickly That doesnt mean to say that
Im never going to fall But I expect to succeed
In this private work as I have In tho government
service
What kind of work did you handle after you
joined the secret service
1 had a hand In every big case that came up and
I make a kind of specialty of counterfeiting For
some years I was lu charge of the St Louis division
covering the South Middle West but I was sent to
all parts of the country on Important affairs Later
1 was promoted to Washington with a roving com
mission
The prettiest counterfeiting case I was ever on
and the most serious problem In that line that ever
confronted the government was the Monroe head
100 silver certificate matter I was away from
Washington at the time that George Cremer assort
discovered
ing teller of the Philadelphia SubTreasury
discovered
tectlon The bills had been accepted as genuine by
every bank in Philadelphia and some of them had
even found their way Into the United States Treas
ury Secretary of the Treasury Gage was greatly
of which
alarmed and the Secret Service Bureau
chief
recently been appointed
John K Wilklc had
turned loose every resource at Its command
accounts on the
While reading over the newspaper
struck the descriptions of
train coming East I was by
To my mind this immediately
the accuracy of the counterfeit
mediately indicated that the process used was photo
engraving and that the operators were highly skilled
and Intelligent men When I reached Washington
that none of
of the bills I knew
and had n look at one
counterfeiters could have turned It out
the old school
1 laid nii Ideas before Chief tt llLic and had orders to
o ahead
The bills had made their appearance first about
Tune of ISO In Philadelphia I began by making a
list of every photoengraving firm In and around thii
adelphla that had a man or n plant capable of such a
Job For weeks after that I and the men under me
proceeded by elimination Our Inquiries were directed
particularly toward discovering a firm that had been
closed or slack during the spring the time when as I
figured the counterfeits must have been made
1 hit at last upon a concern run by two young
men Arthur Taylor and Baldwin S Bredcll Taylor
was a master of photoetching on steel and had in
vented a process of his own Bre ell was an expert
rransfcrrer and a highly fiklllcd mechanic I found
that they had turned away a lot of regular business
and closed their shop during the early months of the
year and that was enough to make them objects of
suspicion
I wanted to get Into the place and look around
without the chance of alarming the two men There
was a sharp little olllce boy employed by the firm
to run errands and by watching I found that ho
had a keywith which he opened up when he came
in the mornings I stopped him on the street one
day when ho was running an errand and gavo him
a bundle to carry to a certain hotel slipping him a
quarter lie was ready enough to take the com
mission I told him the package contained a boys
theatrical costume
Say sonny why dont you go on the stage I
asked Youd get along fine and make big money
Ills eyes bulged at that and I went on to paint
the actors life In glowing colors Before long I had
captured his Interest and ho began to ask questions
Impression of the Key
Why you could wear the costume In that bundle
tl s
t r
ff
I said Wouidcou like to come along to my hotel
and try Il ouT
lie was eager und accompanied me sVhlle uo
was trying on the costume I got hold of his trousers
The key was In the pocket and I made a wax Impres
sion of It without attracting his notice That night
I was able to Inspect Taylor and Bredclls premises
and no one connected with the firm had the slightest
suspicion that such was the case
While I was getting my facts together the govern
ment found the situation In regard to the counterfeits
more and more serious Secretary Gage tinaily
adopted the heroic measure of withdrawing the entire
Monroe head issue That meant taking 27000000
from circulation It was the llrst time in history that
a counterfeit drove the genuine original from the field
but no other course was open
I shadowed Taylor and Brcdell to Lancaster 1a
and discovered that they had close relations with
two wealthy cigar manufacturers All four were
about to start a paper mlllono more suggestive
link Now came a queer turn to the affair I began
to Investigate the cigar men and stumbled upon tin
fact that although they sold millions of cigars a year
their purchase of Internal revenue stamps was very
small I determined easily enough that they were
using thousands of dollar worth of ounterfoltod
stamps By opening packages sent back and forth
between Philadelphia and Lancaster I found that
MISGIVINGS
By Katherlno J Murray
Y thoughts keep wandering restlessly
lAVl My mind with trouble vague is stirred
l yj Will you fulfil your vows to me
Or break your solemn plighted word
Shall I lament the hour we met nti
And vox my soul with vain regret
Forgotten all my worldly love
All that experience should teach
Forethought and prudence fled before >
The charm of your persuasive speech y
Yet ever since you left my sight
Distrust has racked me day and night s
No systems canons codes or rules
Weigh In the scale with pleading eyes
Not nil tho wisdom of the schools
Can give tho knowledge I would prize
My longing tense desire to know
If youll repay the coin you owe
Taylor and Brcdell were doing rile printing for them
When that much was established we arrested the
whole outfit and seized evidence not only of the stamp
fraud but of tin 100 certificate counterfeiting The
move that precipitated the arrest came when Un
discovered that I had them right and made me nil
offer of 23000 to keep off
I was feeling pretty comfortable over the result
when Chief Wllkle sent for me In a hurry one day
and showed me u wonderful 20 counterfeit thnt hAd
Just appeared In Philadelphia
II Now where docs that come from T IIP asked
The only men In the country capable of ruralnt
out such work are Taylor and BredHl I answered
But man they are lu Jail he ibjntpd
And still I say theyve done thin theres 10 other
possible conclusion I Inxlsfd And I provrl to oc
right The two prisoner had succeeded In turning
off what was undoubtedly the cleverest bit > f coti
terfcHIiiK over utlcuiplcd No one knows to ihls day
Just how they managed to do 11 but by placing n
secret watch over them wo caught them In the al
Taylors mother smuggled in tools to them and thy
made a plate Then she brought lu a lot of one doll tr
bills They washed and bleached the bills by n
method they alone had mastered and usd the paper
for printing the 20 counterfeits vhIHi the woman
distributed For brain and skill and luring the an
nals of counterfeiting have never shown the equals
of Taylor and Bredcll
The older countorfcltorR were men of different
calibre then asked the reporter
Different type and different methods continued
Mr Burns Individually they were more dangerous
to handle but they never threatened the financial In
tegrity of the government as did the Philadelphia
group
A Policeman Grabbed Him Before He
Could Make a Move and Put Him Out
One of the most remarkable men among those who
followed that branch of crime regularly was Chants
Ulrich He was a German by birth u big fine strip
ping fellow well educated and polished In Si he
completed a term In a German prison but we wore
not notified of his release until three mouths Icier
by some mischance When we did get the word the
order was Kind Ulrich
On the Trail
After long Inquiry I discovered what steamer
he had conic over on and traced him foot by fool to
Cincinnati He was living In a quiet street cud had
a front room There was un empty tint across the
way and I rented it Of course be knew ihnt If any
one was anN him that flat would be taken as the
post of observation And I knew he knew It I Sit w
him u alchlug the place from bubliul his curtaiiid
waiting to see who should go In or out
I gave him his cbtiuti next morning by stun
terlng out the front dour In rough workmans garb
swlngtng a dinner bucket Late in the afternoon I
chute buck the same way in the same disguise I kept
that up for five mouths playing the part of tin
factory hand twice a day and watching his mull and
his movements the rest of the time He kept close
for a week being pretty suspicious of me but finally
he became convinced that 1 was no more than I
seemed to be and he went ahead with his plans
Wlion he was ready to act I knew as much about his
mentions as he did himself
He hopped nut of Cincinnati finally and came
on to hew York to get In the game that was hatch
ing Chief Iluteu met me and we followed him to
n little telegraph otlice In the lower part of the city
We entered close niter him He took a blank and a
pencil and begun to write
I meant to arrest him anyway so I niado no
attempt at concealment when I moved up behind
him and looked over his shoulder lie turned In sur
° prise but did not know me
Are you Indcresded In this he asked with
lifted brows waving townid the telegram
Whv yo I mil I answered
Well he said then iniiybe you had better tlnlsh
be kind
Id If you would so
Certainly to oblige you I said and took the pen
cil from him All he had written was Have Just ar
rived Over this 1 wrote the name and address of the
man for whom the message was Intendedone of Ui
rlchs pal I knew that Ulrich would get Into com
munication with this man as soon rus he reached New
York He firtl1 II HUi but Kept hN nervo and was
about to try a bluff when 1 tooL him bj the arm
Its a case of pinch Ulrich I said j I
Oh Blnch chi he stammered Well all right
Wo took him off to a quiet corner and I put the 1
situation straight to him Ulrlch I said you can take
your choice of helping us and going over to Jersey to I 1
morrow to face that indictment thats been hanging
over you for some years If you piny square with ua
well do whnt we can to make It easy for you If you
i
dont you know we can set you and put you away
n long term Now which Is it
Lie said hed help us ITazcn didnt like 114 but as I
nhtod Ulrich up be was willing to throw nia associares u
for the sake of leniency At my insistence Ulrlch I
was permitted at largo and given free hand to tko +
1
part In the big counterfeiting conspiracy which was i
then afoot
It was n gathering of the lights of the profession
and I knew that we would need some one like Ulrlch
to pin convictions on the shrewd criminals who were
at work He sent his telegram tool up his assigned
the Inside When I I
wrt In the scheme and was soon on
oxerythlng was ready we descended ou the prim lit 11
tle house In Am street Uobokeu which was being
used us the headquarters of tho counterfeiters
Booty Unearthed II
We found 400000 worth of United States gold I
certificates of 500 and 200000 In Canadian bank
notes of 100 SSO and 20 all counterfeits They 1
were well made and the paper was especially good
Among those we arrested were Big Bill Brockway
Mrs LIbble Smith William E Wagner and later 1
the notorious Dr 0 K Bradford Brock way who 1
was n very slippery and Intelligent old man had g1i ell
tin government oillclals trouble and served various 11
prison terms since the 70s When It came to trial we m +
had nothing on him at first except the testimony of II
Ulrleh who gave States evidence I had the only bit
of corroborative evidence j
When we searched the Ann street house I came
upon n bit of oilcloth that had been used as a I
printers apron Tho others had thrown it aside
but I saved it When
hen I ransacked Brockways room
In avenue A I found the roll of oilcloth that tho apron
had been cut from The piece fitted Into the space
perfectly and that was the thing that convicted old
Brock wny
Another of the band who got away before the 1
thing broke was Jim Courtney HIs specialty was I
filling In the perforations of drafts reperforntlng
1
and raising them I couldnt land him on anything
else so I dug up a warrant for him In Detroit thirty
years before brought on two witnesses who identi
fied him and sent him West He was tried and
convicted on the old count
During Clevelands second term when John G
Cnrllsle was Secretary of the Treasury Mr Burns
handled a remarkable little case It came to the
ears of the Treasury Department that the State of
Mississippi was issuing debt warrants or notes that
had been made to resemble legal currency and wqre
passing ns such The detectives were sent to Inves
tigate and began by rounding up a number of per
sons ready to swear that they really had been Im
posed upon by the resemblance This technically
was counterfeiting and Mr Burns went to the Uni
ted States District Attorney
I want warrants for the arrest of tho Governor
the State Treasurer and the Auditor lie said
The District Attorney offered to call an ambulance
and have Burns examined us to his sanity Burns
thanked him and withdrew Within n few hours the
District Attorney received n very curt telegram from
Washington ordering him to obey the Secret Service
agent Mr Burns got his warrants and the Grand
Jury was on the verge of llmllug indictments when tnu
firm that had mndo the plates pleaded guilty returned
the plates and the qase was dropped
When Secretary Hitchcock of the Department of
the Interior first received intimation of the maze of
hind frauds In 1003 lie sent for Chief Wllkle and asked
for aid Wllkle replied that he would detail him the
best uiiin lie had That meant nothing to the Sec
retary
Can he get proof thats what I want to know
If he cant no one can Mr Secretary answered
Wllkle and Mr Burns was given tho mission
After he had been at work on the dllllcult problem
for a few weeks Mr Burns was called Into Secretary
Hitchcocks olllce
Have you made any progress asked Mr
Hitchcock
Yes said the other Ive gone far enough to
know that is taking graft und has been chiefly
lubtnimcntar In protecting the frauds He named a
man high In the department In whom the Secretary
hud believed Implicitly Explanation was demanded o
Weil begun Mr Burns according to my the
ory
Stop right there Interrupted Mr Hitchcock You
aint accuse n man like that of such a crime on
theory
t Mr Burns bowed himself out and returned in a
short time with the man to whom he had referred
They sat down with the Secretary Now Mr
said the Secret Service agent Just tell the Secretary 1
tile nme tory you told me A full confession was
the result and the first real step in the Investigation
had been taken It was solely through the work done
by jlr Burns that Senator MitcheJ of Oregon F A
Hyde and others were Hnally convicted In the land
fraud rinses that attracted so much attention
In 10015 Mr Burns gave up his position with the
xuterniiuiit and went to San Francisco lo help Prose
cutor Ilcncy In his light against the corrupt municipal
ring He obtained the confessions from members of
the Board of Supervisors and all the Important evi
dence that brought about the conviction of Mayor
Schmltz Boss Abe Ruef and others He It was
jilfeo who discovered that the defence had managed
to get a former convict Morris linns on the Jury at
the liuef trial
J
Hans stole Into the court room one day said Mr e3
Burns In relating his wore recent adventures and f
got behind honey and myself A policeman t l
grabbed him before he could make a move and put
him out lIe got hack a few ciiys later and shot
Llciiey through the bend Before Hans committed G
suicide In Jail ho confessed that he had meant to
kill both of us But that was a detail It was touch I
und go all the way through and when they offered
me flCOOOO as a bribe to get out I wasnt even sur
prised
So this In brief Is William J Burns who has J
tackled the biggest single private detective Job In t
the world and stands ready to undertake any other
that offers Whether or not he will still be Never 1
Fall Burns after he has measured against his latest 1
venture remains to bo seen Whether he can re
place the effective structure built up by the Pinker
tons through generations Is n question for results toi
decide lie has the qualities the courage and the 1
experience to tit him for the largest responsibilities
Ji

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