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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1902-1910, June 25, 1910, Part Two, Image 15

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rr I X d = n l r t
For Moie I
Productive Farm Methods
liupjrtelit a010br Tno National PJCU CUIeaoJ
i Answers by the Veterinarian
Dr A 8 Alexander
J WiitoMln Cctleyt of AgrlciJlcuri
j t Bots
A HORSE that died here a few days ago
A wan opened at the time and we found
two different looking bots In cluster on thu 1
lining of rao stomach The ones In the
stomach were red In color and there was
unother bunch of palecolored botB In the
I ilrst big portion of gut at tho exit of the
i stomach Arc they tho samobottpln a dif
ferent stage of development What barm
do they do Do you think they could Iiavs
i killed the horse 7 lie had collcD R E
I Reply The two varieties of bols nre dif I
ferent The red ono is known aw gastrophll
I IIB homorrholdalls and UIO palo One gus
I IrophilUB caul Tho red one Is most often
soon and usually Is sticking to the cuticular
I i portion of the stomach or found just at
f tho juncturo of tho cutleular anil vlllcus
joals The pale bot is found In the duo
denum and wo liavo seen It present In such
a large cluster that It must liavo materially
obstructed the passage of food or altered
the important function of the bowel We
have heard of a mass of hots choking a
i horse by obstructing the gullet oeso
l phagus Apart from this they rarely do
harm except that a few of them may hap
I pen to hoolc onto the llninp membrane ot
the rectum when passing out of the body I
t In summer and when this happens they may
I causo pain and colicky pains We do not
1 think the bots caused the attack of colic
Chronic Sore Necks
WE HAVE two teams of heavy drart
I V mares that have sore necks Thcso
I sorca aro very Irritating1 and seem to dry up
in winter and only seem tobe a kind of
dandruff in cold weather If let go over the
summer it will set very sore and scabby
and matter will form under scabs and scorns
to be very exasperating and If not worked
for awhile It will dry up and heal over but
f ts soon aa tho horse Is worked agaln the
trouble will be the same thing over These
mores seem to do well and arc very fat and
hao nice glossy coats of hair Wo have
tried snvcral different ways to get rid of
these sores first by using different collars
BO It cannot bo In that and have tried the
following remedies Iodine and then put on
collodion and liavo tried lodlform and tried
a healing powder but without any results
iWould bo pleased to have you namo a rem
edy for same as this Js a big nuisance I
have been a subscriber to this paper for
nbout ten years and think I could not got
nlong without it and especially tho Farm
Magazine section as it contains an abun
dance of useful Information D D S In I
Reply In such cases wo usually find that
I there is dead horny skin at tho parts at
tcctcd and these parts have to be cleanly
dissected out with the knifo before healing
7i11 tako place Or there Js Infection of tho
r kin by a fungus known as botryo myces
and if that is so resort again has to be made
to the scalpel to do away with tho affected
lumor mass Whore no tumor or sit fast
dead skin exists we usually and a lotion
composed oC two ounces of tincture of Io
dine and six ounces of extract of witch hazel
effective if used as a paint night and morn
Ing When It Js used a little oxido of zinc
ointment may be applied just beforo work
Jng tho horse It Is not
a very serious oper
ation to have the affected skin cut out and
It should bo done before the busy Reason
rtarts If that is found necessary by the
Nelvs From Near and Tar
FRANCE possesses 50000000 head of cat
tic worth 800000000 and the Industry
of raising them and their products such as
milk cheese and butter maintains about half
the population of France
Tho total production of cocoa hi tho world
I lit largo Is generally placed at C40000000
pounds of which tho United States con >
Humes about onefifth Brazil is the largest
producer and a movement for a world cocoa
trust has started there
I Daniel Hill of Pennsylvania last fall cut
173 shocks of corn in ten hours and thirty
I Bvo minutes
It reported
that farmers in some parts
of Texas raised three
J crops of corntlast sum
< t
IJonU Ute anlmaU arc made belle t > r JuOlclons
lirtMiliiff onj MlctUoii In the pail whln noturo
toot Its oourf tbc cooJ fertlll M the bnd und
rice Tera making little
or DO Improrciucnt or
deterioration j0rr man prcrcdts undeSIrable
loll utlonj os fth abotc He Imply IJlcU n
pair ban over tbo reproductive >
dra 1 prio of lie
plant unil nlowa onlj the icoat 1rdblc spid
t meets lo
fertilize uuotlicr
President Hill of the Oreit Xortliern Jii
I tlnifitcH that 5000 will build an agricul
tural college and that the cost of ono battle
ship will maintain 1000 such schools
A lightning stroke will kill stock at n dis
lance of a quarter of a mile from Its dis
charge If thcro is
a handy barbedwire fence
to conduct tho fluid and the stock are near
the fence Better fix a few
ground lrJ9on
such fences beforo tho next storms
nnd prevent this trouble
An entile field of jolJ1henrVehIlor IQwn °
had to bo cut before It
could bo husked bo
i cause of its
height Many nlalka asurcd
1 sixteen feet und ntall
many of the
WllC from
U eight to nine feet abovo tho ground
Agriculture IB the most uspfuj the most
l healthful and the noblest employment of
man Washington
i L feHistory and Habits oftheFly
I T HERE are several species of flloa which
I arc commonly found In houses nl
though but one of these should bu
called the house fly proper This Is musca
domestlca which Is a mediumsized gray
Wit fly with Its mouth parts sprend out ut
tho tip for sucking up liquid substances It
brecdrf in manure anti dooryard filth and la
found In nearly till parts of tho world On
account of the conformation of Its mouth
nrts the house lly cannot bite yet no Im
pression Is slnmgcr In thc minds of most
people than that this luuect docs occasionally
bile This Impression is duo to the frequent
occuncnco In houses of another fly called
the stable Ilyv and which while closely ro
HombUng the house fly so closely In fact
an to dccolvo any one but an entomologist
differs from it In the Important particular
that Its mouth parts aro formed for plcrcincj
tho skin It Is perhaps second In point of
abundance to the house fly In most portions
of the stales
Several species of metallic greenish or
bluish Hies ure also occasionally found In
houses ho most abundant of which is the
socalled bluebottle lly This Intact is also
called tho blowlly or jneutfly and breeds
In decaying animal material
In the autumn when fruit appears on
the sideboard many specimens of a small
fntilt fly make their appearance attracted by
the odor of overrlno fruit
All of these species however are greatly
dwarfed In numbers by the common house
fly In 1900 the writer made collections of
the flies in dining rooms in different parts
oC the country and out of a total of 23087
flics 22508 wero the common house 1IYlIlllt
Is 338 per cent of the whole number cap
tured The remainder consisting of lL per
cent of the whole comprised various spcclea
Including those mentioned above
Tho true house fly commonly lays flu
eggs upon horse manure This substance
seems to be its favciite larval food It will
oviposit on cow manure but wo have not
been able to rear it in this substance It
will also breed in human excrement and
I from this habit It becomes very dangerous
to tho health of humnn
beings carrying
J It docs the germs of Intestinal diseases such
as typhoid fever and cholera from excreta to
food supplies It will also lay Its eggs upon
I other decaying etalJle
vegetable and animal ma
terial but of tho flies that Infest duelling
houses both in cities and oil farms a vast
proportion comes from horse manure
Tho Washington observations Indicate that
the larvae molt twice and that thcro arc
thus three distinct larval stages
The periods of development were found
to be about as follows Egg from deposi
tion to hatching onethird of a day hatch
ing of larva to first molt ono day Ilrst to
second moll ono day second molt to pupa
lion three days pupation to issuing of the
adult iWo days total life round approxi
mately ion days There Is thus abundance
of time for the development of twelve or
thirteen generations in the climate of Wash
ington every summer
The number of eggs laid by an Individual
fly Is undoubtedly large averagIng about
120 and the enormous numbers In which tho
Insects occur Is thus plainly accOunted for
especially when wo consider the abundance
and universal occurrence of appropriate lar
val food
A careful screening orwindows nnd doors
during tho summer months with the sup
plemcnlary uc of sticky thy papers Is a pre
ventive measure against house flics known
Real Value of Fertilizer
WHEN a purchaser wisely determines
V V that he will not buy a lowgrade for
lllteer at any price at which It can bo sold
he should exercise care In selecting his sup
plieR from among the brands of standard I
grade and highgrade goods The price per
ton oC the fertilizer is not his first consjd
cratlou A fertilizer at 20 per ton may be
cheaper than one at SIS Tho cost per pound
of tho plant food must bo ascertained
A ton of acid phosphate containing 12 per
cont of available phosphoric acid cOnsists
of 210 pounds of phosphoric acid for which
It Is valued and 1700 pounds of material
for which the purchaser has no special use
If1 this acid phosphate Is bought for 51220
a ton the purchaser pays J1220 for 2ll
pounds of phosphoric acid or 5 cents per
A ton of 1CDO per cent acid phosphate
contains S30 pounds of phosphoric acid
which at 5 cents per pound would make this
grade of phosphate worth 1630 a ton Ons
of these grades on above basis is as cheap
as the other though of course there would
bo less expense In distributing the higher I
grade product 1451 pounds of which con
tains as much phosphoric acid as 2000 j
pounds of the lower grade phosphate i
I l ARMISRS generally fall to appreciate Limo
H value of a good hock of sheep on the
farm When everything is taken Into
consideration no other farm live stock re
turns the profit proportionate to thu amount
of work Involved as does a flock of well
bred sheep To secure tho best returns from I
sheep raising It Is not necessary lo keep
them exclusive of all other live stock but a
small flock just whit can ho conveniently
accommodated along with oilier farm anl
inals and given the best cure It Is Indeed
surprising In traveling through tho country
to noto time fow
w flocks of sheep that are
maintained ipon the arias You may pass
farm after farm and observe nil kinds of
live Block with the exception of sheep and
these for KOino unaccountable reason aro
Seldom genii No farmer would think It
piolltablo to operate his business without
horses cows bogus and poultry and ought to
think it no less Important to keep sheep
There arc two vital factors which weigh
heally on the credit side of ohcup raIsing
and HhouUl rcceho thoughtful consideration
of every farmer One of tho most serious
problems confronting thc farmer today IH
time labor question Slcep raising to a large
rneasuro can afford a solution to this dlili
oulty as time amount OL work involved In
ta ring for them lu very small when com
pared with other hinds of live stock growing
Chcii there Is the adantagc that cheep have
over other kinds of live stoCk and that Is
I t
In a similar way the values of fertilizer
containing nitrogen a lid potash In addition
to phosphoric acid may be compared As
suming that the materials supplying tho
three valuable constituents are of approx
ImateTj coual availability these comparisons
ot the money value of the plant food In
arlotis grades of fertiliser can be easily
nfadc lf the price of each pound of phos
phoric acid of nltrogun and of potash is
approximately known
Why Liking Costs So Finch
JI HILL says that wo arc recklessly ex
LI irtvagam wasting the fertility of the
sil until It mils to produco a stullclency of
ciops > for our need Picsldent TaCt and
nypt1elS say that the high cost ut living
Is not ft local mutter but a worldwide con
dition duo Chlolly to the reason that thin pur
chasing powir of the American dollar has
bccit greatly lessoned In late years by a won
derfully Increased producllon of GOldour
aLandimd medium of exchange
The be product of tho prairie Is not corn
but the nuii and the nuarterncclloii that
produces a thinking man full fledged In all
hla powers well be
11 may held to have per
formed Its wloJGoernor L M Shaw
they are large consumers of course feeds of
low nmikct value With the dairy cow Mho
must bo fed on u
ration of high
trated1 feeds which
Include many of the
highest priced grains grown on the farm
During time summer season when on pasture
sheep consume a Jargi amount of forage that
oilier farm stock would not touch I2von In
winter when confined to u limited ration
they consumes greedily all kinds of rough
age and when not overfed will eat up all
that Is placed bcf9ro them Sheep while
vciy particular regarding how they arc led
are very hardy feeders and whrii food Is
placed before th6m In an acceptable shape I
waste but VPIV tuttle roughage of nutrltho
value I do not know of any stoCk that Is
off feed so littlo ns shctp when in healthy
It Is an established fact oililcrt by thou
sands of Illustration intlui5 and other states
thai sheep raising means
ckauer amid more
piolllablo farming A condition much toile
dijplnrcd as one looksover
the farms In
driving thiough tho country Is the largo
amount of noxious W < ill that >
nrr jinnuajy
going to pood and Inr
gOI1f f nfcsllnR thousands of
morfj acn In 61110 pnrt
Or till Jtinlry
farms > oveirun with
an iniifitmd
thistles and
other utlcrly valueless vcgcialion and no
The old handcraftsman tho art of agricul
ture will do well to take Into his counsels
the young handmaiden Science she will en
leaver to explain to him the
reason why
of his operations Professor Duryca A GI1
The dignity of the sciences is that they
I think out Gods thoughts after Him Jli6 no
blllty of handicraft Is that they repeat Gods
I works Rov N D Hillls
I Nature Not Limited For Time
It Is a good plan sometimes to
copy after
I uaiure but often it Is nqt practicable be
I cause nature Is very wasteful in hpr meth
ods For every lice man plants awrpayVn
I good price for nature plants a hundred for
I every one that reaches maturity Man must
I tend huts tree carefully to insuto glOwth but
nature selects the most hardy spoqlpicn by
compelling many Individuals to batllu with
I each other for existence Ulan has but a
short time to do his work and nature has
been at work and can continue for centuries
to accomplish her
Watch out for borers on the trunks near
the ground and cut them out as soon aa
they are found to bo at work
P to Keep the Farm Free 111
r I By Leo P Reynolds 1 1
effort Is being put forth to eradicate th6m
Shuep arc the very best Kind unlmalsto
destroy this kind of noxious growth anti if
given an opportunity when thij plants arc
small will practically kill them In otto ea
aon I
Numerous Instances hayc conio uuifrrmy
observation in the Inst few ycnrs where two
farmers living in the samjS community ono
a sheep raiser and time other a grain farmer I
and the latters land would be avcri un with
all kinds of noxious wocdsj while It would be I
quite Impossible to sec n single word on the
farm whcro sheep were being mnlntninod
Tlvj whole secret oC the snoop farm bolus clean I
from weed rested on the fact that the sheep
were always ready and anxloiin to cooperate I
with tho owner In oiadlcntlnfr useless vege
tation about tho farm and thoiofora mate I
rially assisted In Iweplny he promises clean
and tidy I
jt Is thought oniony farmers that shvrji
do not do Hell when kept on tho farm along
with other kind of live stock To bo sure
sheep are not adapted to running the
same pasture with horses < os or logs on
account of the darijrr of boln Injured But
it IK no less a fact that thq farmer uho turns
his lion a and cowi Into Uio seme flHil if
running lucioasod ilM of some of tho ant
Grolvins of Violets
WITH a little practice sweet vlolola arc
easily grown by any one Buy violet
runners from a lloral establishment plant
I In tho garden in April Cultivate well all
summer and cut off all time runners that
I form In late August transplant to the cold
I frame setting about ton inches apart Mch
way The beds should be well watered after
planting and occasionally afterward doing
the work well when It Is done and thcn not
watering again until the soli begin to gel
dry at the surface The plants will begin
to bloom toward the last of October and
continue until time middle ot March pro
vldcd First that the miners arc kept off
socond which Is even moro Important tlhat
the tcmpcraluro In time bells Is all thc tlmo
kept between 35 and 15 degrees F Untlor
no circumstances should they become warmer I
than 15 degrees even though It bo nccesbary
to take Oft nil the sashes throughout the II
day The temperature may go as low ax iS I
degrees without Injury but tho flowering 1
will be stopped If they get warmer than 15
degrees The plants must be kopt well alicd
at all Union
propping tho
up sashes dajly
unless there Is danger of freezing if
sible remove tho Bashes entirely for a part
of each day
om Weeds
I Questions of the Feed Lot
I Professor Herbert W Mumford I
Illinois Colteoo
of Agriculture t
I Breeding of Hogs 1
ttTjOW soon does a sow come in season
11 after weaning her pigs and how
I often thereafter does sho como In sea
son 2
Professor Dietrich furnishes mo the fol
I lowing Information from the records kept
at the Illinois experiment stutlbn
I or tile twenty lows uponwhich l Ijave
data relative to this point I have the follow
ing ae indicating the period of recurring h at
One sow 1C days one sow 17 days two
sows Hi days four sows 20 days six sows
21 days two sows 22 dnyi one sow 23
days one sow 24 days one sow 25 days
ono sow 2S days
The two extremes In this data are abnor I
mal cases because the sows did not breed
From the ahovo it will be been that 21 days
Is the most usual period
Relative to the other point Jo question I
think a sow usually comes In heat wjlthln J
three to seven days after the pigs arc weaned
but sometimes they run nlonj for several
weeks A sow will also come in heat some
times before the piGs are weaned any lime
after the pigs are G weeks old liut this oc
currence Is more frequent as tho piSs get
older Occasionally n POW may be biud hi 1
two to four days after farrowing
High Prices Increase Production
Sheep He
By L 0 Howard
Chef of Bureau of Entomology U DCfJrlmcnt of Agriculture
l 1
i 1 I 2
L > i
1 w
I 1
t4 tS
t ji
< i c
t1 j I 0
I In Il7ar Time the Fly Is JMore Destructive Than Bullets t
When the innocentlooking fly crawls leisurely over the eatables during meal
time in summer lttlc account is taken of its ability to kill Born and reared in filth
the lly lives a loathsome existence Direct from thc barn lot and back alleys xvlicrt
disease germs abound he comes merrily Hitting into the house through the back door
with feet laden with disease and deposits the burdcn on the food we cat
to every one and there seems to be little
hope In the near future of much relief by
doing away wllh the breeding places Ay
single stable in which a horse Is kept will
supply house Illos for an extended neighbor
hood People living In agricultural com
munities will probqbly nOr bo rid of the
pest but In cities with better methods of
disposal of garbage and with the lessening
of the number of horses and horse stables
consequent upon electric street railways hi <
cycles and automobiles the time may come
when window screens may be discarded
The prompt gathering of horse manure
which may be variously treated or kept In a
specially prepared receptacle would greatly
abate tfic lly nuisance and city ordinancesht
compelling horse owners to follow some such
course arc desirable Absolute cleanliness
even under existing circumstances will ai1
ways result In 11 diminution of Limo numbers
of the house fly md In fact most house
hold Insects arc less attracted to the prcin
fics of what Is known is the oldfashioned
housekeeper than to those of the other kind
rThc stable of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture In which about twlvn
horses arc Kept Is situated about 100 yards
behind the main building of the department
nnd about 00 yards from the building in
which time bureau of cnlomology Is ultualod
rTbs stable has always been very carefully
kcpl The rnnnuro was Thoroughly sve p l
ui > every morning carried oiilsido oC thi
stable and deposited in a pile behind Ihe
Vbulldlng This pile after accumulation for
a week or ten days or sometImes twp weeks
was can led off by the gardeners and spread
upon distant portions of the ground At fill
> times In the summer this manure pile
swnrmed with maggots of the house fly It
Is safe to say that on an average many Ihou
sands of perfect fifes Issued from I k every
day and that at least a large sharq of tho
flies which constantly bothored the employes
In the two buildings mentioned camo from
this source 1
In an experiment closet G by 8 feet wan
built In the coiner of tIme stably nearest
time manure pile It had a door opening Into
the stahl proper an l also a window A
door was built In time outside wall of this
closet and time stablemen were directed to
place no more manure outside lliqbuilding
In other words to abolish the outsldo manure
pile and In the future to throw all of tOll
manuro collected each morning Into this i
closet the window of which In the mean
time had been furnished with a vlro screen
rIme preparation were completed by tho
middle of June nnd a barrel of chloride of
lime was put In the corner of the closet
Since that Limo every morning the manure
of tho stable is thrown Into tho closet and a
small Bhovclful of chloride of lime Is scat
tered over It At tho expiration of ten day
01 two weeks the gardeners open the outside
door shovel the manure into a cart and
carry It off to be thrown upon the grounds
Judging from actual examination of the
nantiro pllo the measure is eminently suc
cessful Very few flies are breeding In the
product of the stable which formerly gave
birth to many thousands daily After this
measure had been carried on for two weeks
employes of tho department who had 110
knowlcdgo of tho work that was going on
were asked whether they had noticed any
diminution in the number of files in their
offices Persons In all of the offices on the I
first floor of the two buildings wore asked
this question In every ofllce except ono the
answer was that a marked decrease had been
noticed so that tho work must bo consid
ered to hove been successful
The account of this icmcdlal work has
been given with some detail since it shows
so plainly that care and cleanliness com
bined with such an arrangement as that de I
scribed will in an Individual stable mca ur
r 1
uu u 1 u UUIIII >
With the combined effort of the person
owning stables In a given community much
more effective results can undoubtedly be
To the consideration of
these measures We
June not touched upon tho remedies for
house Illes breeding In human excrement
On account of the danger of tho carriage of
typhoid fever the dropping of human excre
ment In the open should be mado a mlsdr
meaner and the samo care should bo taken
to remove or cover up such depositions an
is taken by the removal of tho bodies of
dead animals Tho box
privy is always a
nuisance from many points of view and Is
undoubtedly dangerous as a breeder of flits
which may carry the germs of Intestinal
disease No box privies should bo permitted
to exist unless they arc conducted on the
earthcloset principle With a proper vault
or other receptacle closed except from above
and a free use of line earth the breeding of
houBO files can bo prevented Covering the
surface with lime however is more cer
tain than the use of earth The writer has
seen in a largo camp of volunteer soldlciy
unprotected sinks In which the house fly was I
breeding by tho thousands IIo has also I
seen permanent camps in which time sinks
were so constructed and so treated with
limo that house
no flies whatever
The house fly has a number of natural
enemies The common house de
stroys it In considerable numbers There
is a small reddish mite which frequently
covers Its body and gradually destroys It
It Is subject to the attacks of hymenoptcrous
parasites In Its larval condition and It s
destroyed pi predatory beetles at the samo
Tho most effective enemy however 3
fungous disease which carries off lies In
largf numbers particularly toward the closo
of the season The epidemic ceases In D1
combcr and although many thousands are
killed by IL the remarkable rapidity of de
iclopmcnt In time early summer months soon
more than replaces the thousands thus de
mall frctlliiff hurt Despito the fact that I
am always
I s careful about
and costs mv horses
together the
past fall
I carelcsMicss on the part of a hired man
of mj valuable brood ono
marcs passed
I a gate Into a yard with tho through
tinco head of cows Having
young stock not yet dehorned
OttO of the heifers In
I the to drive
marc about tho
yard cornered
the animal
and hooked her in
in legs
thice than
horse W1a dcil
will happen but Accidents
I It all
goes to
Unit horses
cows and sheep
Lured safely toKctIer cannot be past
I Tho jixeniKu farm
of 1 00 aClos cnn lJIi
Support IL hook Mthlrly
y breeding nsis aionv
with tho
olhar farm stock
she Took 0
ought 10
return m feast
smnunlly A cootf sloup 109 ncr a > r
will shear at IQn I
ton pounds of hrylgrudc looft
sons prices lids wool At lenst sci
ewe raised one lamb would bring 52 70 if r4eli
time that brought 5 00In
VIllLt1hl ewe would
5 jO This would not be return l < otaof
r have extraordinaryas
many ewes III my rlock
thnt do
better than
8caaon J
from fortynvo Last your
ewes I rcarei
to markoUb
age tlftyslx Inmbs and brought
hotter tin
7O0 per head I Know from
man svir
cxpcrkncfi in
handling sheep
farmer mni
uouhl very proiltnblv
their farms maintain ia
small lock
of ueiiir 1
They arc
ont ot the hlIlJm jll
> uzt 11 il
any farmer can niaUc
J A THOROUGH test has been mall 111 this j
1 country and it has been pretty uell dem
I onstrated that farmers will not Indefinitely
comer crops of the farm into meat unless ad
equately remunerated If there Is a shortage
I of meat animals as there seems to be It la
duo as much or more to the fact that live
slock producers are not now satisfied with
I promises of prollts A distinct shortage stfni
ulates price A distinct advance In prices
I stimulates production There Is no likeli
I hood however that live stock production roll
be oeidone aa the area that can be devoted
exclusively to live stock production Is rapidly
disappearing Then too the mcatcatlnp
population Is Increasing more rapidly than
live stock production Please note that I use
tho expression meateating1 population I
do so iidviscdly J
I will take a little time for people gener I
ally to appreciate the fact that for many
years in this country they were able to buy
meat at a price which waM but little aboVe
I the coat of labor Involved In Its production
It Is to be expected that until tho cost of
producing meats Is more generally under
stood there will be occasional boycott dem
onstrations There Is no need of alarm that
tcdeial or stato Investigation of the present
high cost of living will reflect to the dls
credit of the stock raiser providing of course
that such investigation shall ho conducted
along sclentlHc and practical lines by thor
oughly Informed and adeciuatelj trained men
Let no ole bo deceived that the present high
prices for foodstuffs are temporary All thai
tho consumer can Justly demand Is that food
stuffs shall be available at prices which rep
resent n fair profit above tho cost of produc
tion and distribution
I Is good policy for a nation or a state to
encourage Intelligent agricultural production
The most crfectho way of encouraging ilgrl
culture Is for pi Ices to be maintained ona
stable basis which represents a reasonable
profit to thq farmer above the cost of production
lue lon The government eventually will bo
forced to protect producers as well as con
sumers for the time is rapidly passing when
any ncccasary factor in the business of pro
duction and the marketing of foods tvlll long 1
thrive at the expense of any other I
J Good Feed to Fatten Pigs
l iT N ORDER to got largo and economical
f J gaiua in pig feeding It Is recommended
I to use as largo a number of
CS feeds In the ration
t tion as possible The principal feeds used In
Illinois experiments were corn barley soy
beaus skim milk and alfalfa
To secuie uniform distribution of the nu
tilimts of the feed it Is suggested that tho
grains used be ground and mixed with limo
milk and water thus making l slop of all f
time ingredients except the mineral matter A
little of the corn however may be fed whole
I in older to develop the teeth and to accustom
t the pigs to feed In this form for
J Inter In lifts wh > n It may be advantageous to
I tulle feeds IHlnnllGeous
In this form
The feeding trough should be arranged
arrT cr
citherrby a swinging panel over tho trough
I freih air IK Important to tbo welfare of live fctocl
hi normal air there Is contained amroxlmitplj
nllroscn gas 75 ixr cent nnd 1Iroxlllrlr
OTVRCU Qomblfiis iviui oilier elements rnplijlj
I nnJ I It ncro net diluted II tbe WCDI ntlrosen
which II not very active time effect on life HuuliJ
tic hnrmful Carbonic odd Km cxhiUU bv nnl
malt is Injnrlom nml for that ronsotj I HrfCt
Tcntllnllmi lu barns stbIei and lioueoJ 1 rery
or by having it in a
hniIS II separate feeding pen
so that tho Hlop can be poured Into it wlth
Mit being disturbed by the pigs When tho
I tlop Js In time trough and tho pigs
JIS are all
lr cl tho panel over the trough may bo
swung buck or LImo gate which should be a
wide otc may be opened Into time feeding
pon so that all limo pigs
al pIgs cal como to the
trough at tho same llmo Then by having
pIgs ofequal slzo in the lot and not having
tootnany ogcthcr hero will result a good
distribution of the niilrjcnts to tho different
Individuals in the lot
i healthy body Is thE best preventive of
Uncase Following nn outbreak of diphtheria
i mioiWr of school children in an Illinois
lly wore
f iamincd
1 It was found that the
mouth of nearly uxory1 ono contained diph
iberia germs Just as soon as tho vitality of
hQ i
body Ig weakened gornvi of disease begin
h J dt sluctlvr work IO > jenMe tln
Ktcp yourself healthy
t js botttuthmmi
JbOl r Uian bauulg of medicine

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