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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1902-1910, July 23, 1910, Part Two, Image 14

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J TY L r
l I
t 1 rV I I Science of F y y r
r 41 s y The Farming t a lY
Lr ti uttt ID1o hJ T6e Sttlratl Trot Chloro
rt aarr
Answers by the Veterinarian
Dr A S Alexander
Vtttortin Cclleyc of AgrlcvlUrt
1 WE bought a work horse twojcnra ago
V In tho cltyand over since he has had
bolls break out on different parts of his body
and dlHchargo pus and blood and inch hetil
up Tho veterinarian cnn dry th + m up quick
ly by applying n medicine but thoYcoma
again at some other part He Is a big eater
good worker and In pretty fair condition but
not fat Wu feed corn and com fodder In
Reason and alfalfa and other hay Sometime
ho gets some oats What ean bo d6nc for
Iilm7 1C Y Nebraska
Reply Lose no time In having the veteri
I narian test this horse with malleln as tore
tho skin form of glanders + Is to beIUApectl1d
i and that Is a terrible disease requiring de
struction of the borne and quarantine and
disinfection of the stables It baa to be
dealt with by state law Glandersfarcy ali
is communicable and fatal i to man as w tI
nt horses and so ono should bo i very sure
hIs horse Is not affected with that disease
before attempting to euro It Wo have known
of several deaths of farmers and horsemen
In tho past few yenrs from glanders con
tracted from cases supposed to be catarrh
or distemper or somo such disease It Is q
horrible death Under tho circumstances we
l would not fee justified In proscribing treat
ment A graduate vctrlnarlan or tho state
veterinarian or deputy should be called In at
t r
1 Summer Soro
For two years now n draft morn has a
I largo sore como on the side of the leg bono
below tho hock of her left hind leg and the
nor Is red and the leg swells and Is
lame In winter time it almost disappears
but you can sec tho ploco plainly We havo
tried all sorts of mcdlclno on this soro but
t wont stay hcalad What Is It and Is thcro
any way of curing It to stay curedIf T
B Minnesota
Hcply This Is a summer sore duo to tho
fungus known as botryo myces If you can
I employ an expert he will dissect out the
I pore It Is not ncconsary to go deep but
after tho removal of tho surfaco lore It Is
< < necessary to thoroughly cauterize tin wound
with lunar caustic a redhot Iron or corro
sive sublimate solution A dry dressing IH
then kept upon tho part and renewed dally
pnlll healing taken place If the operation
i rannot be done cleanse tho soro and when
Iry rub in n very little powdered I yellow sul
I phurct of arsonlc after smearing lard freely
jn tho sound skin Tie the marc up short
jo that sho will be unablo to bite the purl
Remove tho resultant scab when It loosens
i hen paint tho sore onco dally with the fol
owing Picric acid two drams alcohol half
Int Cover the soro with cotton batting and
i bandage as soon as the liquid has licca
i + pplled and has dried This usually gives
lend satisfaction but those sores are a bad
uslness and very difficult to cure
I Goitro
i Wo havo had three calves with swellln3
m their necks right below the throat Tho
impn aro loose and do not scam to affect
breathing Is this serious and can they
Vo removed Tho calves are thriving and
t tat well The cows Hero well fed In wln
Ice getting all tho hay they waptollP Lf
i ReplyThe condition Is not serious as tho
i calves aro thriving and eating well As that
I is so tho enlargements gradually will dis
i I appear To hasten absorption rub In lodino
I ointment two or three times a weok Tho
jwclllngs Involve the th Told glands on each
11do of tho neck juat below tho throallatch
l Calves oC Inadequately fed cows or COWH that
I > ro wealc and Illbred suffer most from this
I tilscasc Sometimes lack of Hmo or excess of
I lime may bo suspected as a part or aggravat
I ing causo Tho drluklng water being sort or
Il ovcrhard may cause a tendency to the trou
ble and that too may bo hereditary
I i
iSilage a Good T Olic for Live Stock I
fiAr3L Is excellent food ns jwrl of the
SITAGU ration for all kind of stock kept
on the farm In uInter all stock do bet
tor to have some succulent food fed In con
nection with their dry foniR This succu
lent food can be provided cheaper by making
corn ullage In pans of the countr where
corn does well than In any other way yet
known More food can be ruined per aero
I consequently more stock can be kept on a
ijtvon farm and tho food can bo prepared
for feeding and prcswrved with IUM cost of
Perhaps there II more benclH derived
I from xllage by feeding It to tnllch cow ilun
by feeding It to any other kind of lock At
any rate It Is uacd more and thought moro
of by dairymen than by any other class of
You nil know that green succiUcnt grn s
or other forage plants stimulate the produc
tion of rnlllc mueh more than thu same for
age would If fed to town after being dried
It IN the winie way with silage for silngo
contains all the natural Juices of the plant
and It stimulate the production of milk juxt
the Home ns though tle plants were cut fresh
and green In the field and fed to the cow
Cows should never be fed exclusively on
silage They need Mom dry forugu to go
with It they need a variety Besides thl
corn silage laJ a carbonaceous food and needs
I somo more nitrogenous food to go with it to
I make a nollbiilanced ration About thirty
pounds or at most forty pounds a day of
sllnge Is as much UA should be fed to each
cow It hould be fed from the top of the
silo taking off about two Inches In depth
from the entire surface arch day for If It is
long exposed to the air It will be damaged
If the feeding commences Immediately after
lining the Hlol1Il1l this IH a good way to do
there will > c no damaged ullage at all
Gary should be taken at each time of feeding
to leave the surface smooth and oven and
I not pick and stir It up with the fork for that
I will let In the air and cause damage
My way Is to feed the silage raton in two
t feeds both night and morning and it Is bet
tor to feed after milking because the peculiar
odor of tho sllago might affect the flavor of
the milk
I Cows ns well as other stock have a won
derful liking for silage and I believe much
l of the bucccos In feeding It can be attributed
ty IIH palatHblllty They even prefer It to a
I certain extent at leaat to freshcut forago
or good grass In the pasture I have seen
By C P Goodrich
Silage JlcljtiCntllc Make Uic of Other Feeds
Feeds not digested do no good no matter hov much chemical analysis says
they contain of nutriment Condimcntal stock bods act as conditioners or tonics to
the organs of digestion assisting them tb utilieSis much as possible of i lit 111 IIS jriven
They arc high in price and loft in per cent of fal nourishing food elements Silage
is an effective cheap homeprown condiincntal stock food with the added virtue
of containing real nourishment Feeders of bccfj cattle and dairymen cannot afford to
be without a silo Iflf
cows In Juno when on good posture which
hod boon fed sllngc every day como to the
gate at I oclock In the afternoon ut1T + r
and ask to come to the bam and get silage
whlcl they would cut greedily andappar
ently with great relish I havo seen the ex
periment tried of offering tho cows at tho
same tlmo corn cut fresh from the field and
silage that was put up tho year before
Every cow chose the sllago and ato that
first It Is true these cows had been fed
silage every day all summer and It may be
the habit of eating sllago had something to
do with their preferring It but they surely
would not have dono It If silage had not been
pretty good feed
Thero Is no better and cheaper feed to
supplement short pastures which wo are
almost sure to have every summer on ac
count of drought or other causes than good
creased and in this way n saving of feed
I can be cffcclcd have no busts In fact No
experiments have demonstrated or made
even probable such an effect Stock feeders
will be very slow to believe that cotton seed
meal linseed meal wheat feeds or corn
products can bo made more easily digestible
or even more acceptable to healthy cattle
by mixing with them Epsom salts charcoal
ginger or fenugreek
Jordan Now orkI cannot leave this
subject of the purchase of commercial feed
Ing stuffs without uttering a warning against 1
tho soculled condlmental foods Early and
late have we pleaded with farmers to stop
paying from 100 to 400 per ton for ma
tcrlals having no more nulrltlve value than
bran linseed meal and other common com
mercial articles and no medicinal value that
la worth regarding and yot waste of monoyjj
goes on 1 i
Plumb OhloNo doubt In many cased I
ollmenl will give fully ns satisfactory re =
suds ns the stock food Tho feeder should I
study this matter carefully and 1f he will
use a variety of food including olhrteal anti
will ascertain the value of somo of the moro
common tunics thai may be given stock In I
Iho foods ho will secure no doubt equally
good results al the leasl cost He will In I
i THOUSANDS of work horse c are p < Minn
1 nenll > Injured and rumlcied practically
I iibclest from overfoedlug Farmers Ihlnk
I lhull because a team Is hard worked during
Ulo pressing summer season It ought to be
heavily fed and consequently put a larger
quanllly of Coed before the animals than
they can properly digest II Is not the
I amount of1 food that an animal consumes
bill wlml it digests that counts In the resto
1 ration of brokendown tissues In tho body
During the busy work season Iho horse ht
clmpcllcd to labor hoavily from four to alx
hours without food or drink The animal
becomes very weary the muscle fatigued
and the digestive system unfit for food re
ception The flrMt thing upon reaching the
stable tho animal Is allowed all the water It
Will drink It thon passes Into the stable
I and immediately begins devouring tho hay
and grain found In the manger The horse
has discovered he has a limited time to oat
dinner and conioQucnUy enters upon Hie
task lu a hurry and continues lining the
stomach with halfmasticated food until the
tlnio la up He 111 taken from the stall gluon
more e water to fill up on and put back to
heavy work
Under thin method of managing work
horses nothIng ulic can bo expected exceptu
dull slug lh team that faithfully performs
Its task because driven to It It Is a most
inhuman and unkind treatment a former
can deal out to the faithful servant > < First
of all thetcvrm when brought to the ntublu
Is In an unfit condition lo b Flu tallng The
hone abovi all else after ixrfortnlng hoax
work should havo a rout before being fed
Glvo the horsa a wwi first beCoro + Yatoritit 0
i ti T7J
+ II 1 know anise of the most successful
dlll men In the country who feed sllago
evdjy day In till year winter tie well an
IMmve never foj silage to beef cattle but
It itUs been tried by yomo farmers and at
several lIe the experlirent stations The rO
poct are all favorable especially In the first
singes of fattening Large > lccr were fod
forty to fifty pounds dally and they rondo
rapid growth Of course tho steers wore fed
oilier forage with It but the succulent silage
seemed to aid digestion and cause u better
assimilation of the fool The gnln In welht
way put on at less cost thnn It could 1m with
dryforagL and grain alone AH the fattening
period progressed the amount of silage fed
was Homrwhat reduced until near ho end It
In nearly all left oft so as to make the flesh
moro solid
A LITTLE rape may be slown on tho out
oftheway plaics on the farm for
poultry and hogs It will pay the farmer
better than weeds which usually grow or
such land Rape Is full of nutrliiienL Pas
luie however of any kind = clovei i alfalfa or
any of the grasses afTord good food for
pig and 11 la mt much choupcr ihan grain
foods that It Is surprising that more fium
ors do not fence In tracts and sow the land
to grazing crops for theIr swine Degldis
furnishing cheap feed pastures furnish the
minimum amount of labor f n caring for the
that the entire 8 sleni may itgain normal
condition Twenty minutes or half an hour
Is none too much rest for ji heavy laboring
hoi se during the hot weather before bcins
I fed Watering work homes when weary and
hot when stabled for
I mcalals an open ques
J flan among farmers and practical hot au men
Some proclaim watering lw dangerous and
I cite lnsUuiiefi where valuable anlmaln bows
died from the effects 1
01 xys permit my
teams to drink a moderate amount yf voter
at normal temperature before atubllng at
meal time I havo never encountered the
j least dllllculty However f never overwork
I them If the weather In excessively hot they
given less work to do 4
I aro noose tenr1 my
I learns to the extent that Ilcauea them to
become wet with sweat + i
I +
During the heavy wofKfnjf itauoi t the
horso should have a mnal amount of con
I eentruted nutritious food lit tueh quitrrtlty
I Ural can be properly rna tltnlor ann dt
I gested Corn IN not look < < 11 iipoaby ulanv i
I scientific men us a good fccjl tor VVprk hones
It Is not It fed alone b u41 f iaonoof the
I beat gnilns tll row In compounding a grain I
ration where hoi > e > aro 1borlnjr htavlly 1 II
I fed my work twain one H rt < tonrii Uir e
iwirtM outs and one part br nrRmi dud It one
of the must excellent rat rQpg J hoer fed
grain bolh whole and grounp itttd prefer It
ground during the working veon
Hny should be red vrry npndnKly to work
I horses Mixed hay Is prrfyrnb ind should
i free from dual and
ba m g IJ Dami > iii ih
j hay with lime water Is tOJIlt iiununded
J Give the work liora s plenty ojS tlmc 10 Irup
1 Celt maatlcato their Cood Jj
j > v
r y
For the calves nnd yearling steers ullage I
In Mld to be by thOBO who hv fed It one
of the brat and cheapest foods and who can
doubt It I know It Is for heifem Intended I
for tho dairy
I know silage Is good foal for homes Cr
I have tried It I have not however fed to
any great extent because I did not have as
much sllago as I wanted for cows and horses
both and as I thought more of my cows
than I did of my horse the cows hAd all
they needed and tho horses lad to R + > Miort
Oue winter we hud n brood mare that wux
fed lnugfl < nil winter probably twenty pound
a day She had some hay and lruw to RO
with It and no grain except what w fill In the
silage and she came out fat and with a
glossy coat in the spring and had a fine
healthy colt Horses like silage as well us
cattle do after they get accustomed to It
A man In Michigan a few year ago win
tered 200 horses on sllace and straw exclu
sively with no grain They came through in
Ono shape and the brood mares all bud fine
strong colts
The Ohio experiment station feted feeding I
horaes on sllago through the winter and re
porttfll that they came through until spring
In the best condition W C Bradley of Hud
son WIs says that ono year during spring
work he was out of hy and the only coarse
fodder hln homes had during all that period
of hard work was silage Ho asa that his
horses never stood work helter
I have never fod silage to sheep but n
good many others havo and where It has
been fed with Judgment and In limited quan
tities ay from three to llvo pounds n day
per head good results have been obtained
Sheep to do their best must have Borne suc
culent food In winter and ailago furnishes It
much cheaper limn can bo done by raising
J S Woodward of Rochester NT Y who
was famous for raising winter lambs recom
mends silage Many others report favorably
on feuding sheep silage but this Is enough
Somo have tried feeding sllago to hogs
but they do not all report favorably I know
one man who filled a silo with wellmatured
heavily eared corn he put It In whole Dur
ing the fall and fore part of tho winter he
fattened ninety hogs with corn he husked
out of his silo He says ho never had any I
other hogs fallen as rapidly as they did
The corn being kept soft In i tho silo wax
easier masticated and better digested than It
would havo been had It been husked and
dried In a crib
i I
i SHORT TALKS ON FEEDING By Professor Herbert W Mufnford I
n I WOULD like to inquire If in your
1 feeding experiments you havo found
that a tonic or stock food fed In connection
with rlpo corn silage and cotton seed meal
or Unseed olhnenl and cornmeal to 1000
pound cattlo on 100 to 120 days feed n pay
Ing proposition and If so what Is best 7
Answering your question I would refer
I you to Bulletin lol of iho experiment station
of the University of Wisconsin from which
I quote thu following pert lent paragraphs
Views of Authorities In RcLard to Stool
Foods A few extracls from experiment sta
tion bulletins and other publications arc pre
sented herewith In order to show tho views
of men who have mado a special study of
problems connected with feeding of farm
animals In regard to condlmental stock
foods and their use in stock feeding The list
could bo extended to cover many pages but
with the quotations already given it will suf
fice to convince all open to conviction that
the views of the author on the subject under
1 discussion as expressed In the preceding
pages are In conformity with those of recog
nized authorities on animal nutrition In this
and other countries
Jenkins and Wlnton ConiKvilcut The
claims that by the use of condiments and
I spices the dlgesliblllly of food can be In
fact be able to make his Own stock food
and thus save paying high prices for feed I
offim unknown character
1Henry Wisconsin Vigorous healthy
antinala do not make better flap of their led
because of their addition If animals are
out of condition they shouldreceive specific
treatment according to thur ailments A
I jpod manager of live stock will have no use
for these highpriced condlmontnl foods or
condition powders a poor manager will
jwver have line stock by employing thorn
Marfnrlane Oltawa Canada That
there arc remedies for spcclllc diseases used
In veterinary practice which aro old ns
such Is no doubt tho case but ns regard
the universal celtIc medicine or euioajl
It is very doubtful as to whether tho former
obtains value for his money
The evidence at hand goes to show that
llfere Is a practical unanimity of opinion
I among scientific men In public positions who I
have given thc subject special study In ru I
ga id to several points connected with con I
dlmenlal stuck foods
1 Thoy arc of no benefit lo healthy ani
mals when fed as directed either as to In
creasing tho digestibility of tho feed entun
or rendering it more efVectlro for the pro
j ducllon of meat milk wool etc
2 They nro of no benefit as a cureall
for discuses of iho various classes of live
slock neither do they possess any particu
lar merit In case of specific diseases or for
animals out of condition oft feed etc since
only u small proportion of Ingredients having
medicinal value Is found therein the bulk of
tho foods consisting of a filler which possesses
sesses no medicinal properties whatever
S Exorbitant prices aro charged for these
foods as Is natural considering tho exton
blve adertlslng the manufacturers are doing
and the liberal commissions which they pay
agents and dealers The largo sales of stock
I foods nro doubtless mainly to bo attributed
to those facts
I 4 By adopting u liberal system of feeding I
farm animals and furnishing a variety of f
I feeds good ruMultt may be obtained without
resorting to stock foods of any kind If a
farmer bullcvoa It Is necessary to feed stock
foods at times ho cnn purchase the ingredi
ents at a drug store and mako his own stock
foods sit n fraction of the cost charged for
I them by till manufacturers Ho will then
I have tho additional sailsfacllon of knowing
I just what ho is feeding and of feeding a
concentrated food Instead of ono largely
i diluted with nonmedicinal Ingredients
Questions of the Feed Lot
Ptoftator Herbert W MumforJ
Illinois Colltst o tartculturt
Food Grain to Cows on Pasture
0 COWS on good pasture need < o bo
fed groin or con cntntcA oC nn
kind ro
Professor Proacr anyw that when cows nro
on good pasture they should not nc < Ml to be
fcil grain inlcua producing over twentylive
ixniuda of milk per day or miles they nro
In thin condition find It Is desired to liicreimu
their flesh The amount of grain that they
should be fed will depend upon tho amount
of milk Uioy are producing nbovo this Cows
giving fitly pounds or more per day cim
not get tho required nutrIent to produce this
from pasture nlone Tho Bruno will apply
after you are feeding fodder corn tho lam
ut August If tho corn la planted thick ao
that It does not contain much grain
Easy Way to Maintain Soil
T WOULD soem that the easiest nnd most
logical procedure In developing a perma
nent ftP llculture would bo to work out
a variety of systems of llvo stock husbandry
which would relnln its much as possible of
the fertility removed In cropping supple
menting whatever lack of fertility there may
be by tho purchase of mlnoral fertilizers or
Uie purchase for feeding purposes of tho
largo supplier of grain produced and bound
to bo produced by grain farmers This buy
Ing of grain to food need not bo done with
the thought of building up tho stock fannern
tarns at the expense of Ihelr neighbors but
In a publicspirited and economic sense assist
In making a good market for the grain pro
duced by those who for personal reasons pre
fer lo come + ht grain farmers who do not
need the fertility In the crops they sell be
cause they may follow a carefully planned
and scientifically sound system of grain fann
ing of permanent agriculture without live
Exact statistics showing the amount of
farm products shipped out of Illinois and
those used for manufacturing purposes aro
not available It IH bellowed however that
the amount of corn reserved on tho farms
for feeding purposes would fall considerably
short of 50 per cent of the total production
of the state Illinois produced In 190S ap
proximately 300000000 bushels of corn As
suming that onehalf of this Is shipped ofC
our Illinois farms we wish to call attention
to tho fact that tho ICO000000 bunhcls so
shipped would fatten each year over 2500001
steers or their equivalent in other llvo stocky
and that the fertilizer produced by this fecd
Ing would Increase tho annual possible pro
duction of the state 15000000 But It Is ar
gucd that Illinois IH primarily a graingrow
Ing section nnd that Its agricultural develop
mont lies along graingrowing lines Un
doubtcdly grain growing JH to bo a Icndlnf
and permanent branch of the agricultural en
dcovor of tho state but thorn arc several
systems of live stock farming that aro not
Incompatible with grain growing and that
are necessary for Its permanent success J
bullcvo the time will como when It will be
considered bad economics to transport num
berless carloads and shiploads of grain to
fur distant lands for feeding purposes II
may bo even practically Impossible for trans
portation companies to handle such tragic
Already railroads aro having difficulty la
handling the present volume of business The
necessity t > f keeping the cost of foods within
reach of the masses that is at such a love
that the laboring man can be well nourished
and highly cfllclont will eventually demand
that the dlstunce between tho producer and
consumer will bo shortened
One statement will doubtless bo sufficient
I to lllustrato tho point In most perhaps all
European countries foodstuffs are offered
consumers at a price which Is noticeably
closer to tho price which the producer re
cclvos than Js tho cnso In this country Ther
arc soma legitimate reasons perhaps to ac <
count for part of the discrepancy but by nf
means all of It Professor Herbert Mumfoni
There Is only one crop of land and that 1
being used up fast What thon
= i
i Some vVarlIl 5 1 t11er cl vice a 11Cl Other News
I WRY Is It that some poullrymen make n I
i f greater success of poultry raising than I
ethers who seemingly have equal advan
tage Tho answer Is that successful jioul
try Den know how to keep their hens
A great many people fall to appreciate
j Chat hens have dispositions or temperaments
I 11 like human beings and like the latter do
their best work whon optimistically In
I clined Successful poultrymen realize that
enc happy hen Is worth a dozen grumpy
nC8The happy hen Is the kind tluit lUs tho
> gg basket ton months In the year She Is
I > lways busy never complaining about tho
cathar and always picks up the worm thai
grasses her path In the morning she quietly
i lomos down oil her perch and steals out Into
kho farmyard and by noontlmo has sulliclcnt
tmtcrlal for nn egg Tho rest of the day
J iho visits hero and there singing her old fa
I nlllar song Not less than five times each
eck sho pays tribute to her owner by leuv
I pg an egg In tho neat
The happy ben Is the prolltablo hen She
over llnds time to have the blues Her stop
la quick and scratch long and sweeping No
juitter If thu temperature Is 20 below zero
Jho keeps at work Her great aim In life Is
I a break tho record In eRr protIuctlon
Tho farmer and ixultiyman who desires
I I jO make the hen business profllaMo as well
I is a pleasure must study closely the dlspo
I jltlon of his fowls The hen that goes about
I jkllh her hood down Indicating a doutcaro
I jplrlt Is a good subject for the rnnrkcu Shc
I > generally n god feeder but a poor layer
lions Ilko pdople Inherit many of their
iharucterlstlca AVhere lltllo attention is
paid to culling out the drones in tho Hock
I their ntcJ lr Increase annually becuuso tho
I I perv that Is happy lays through the winter
months and when spring comes Is read to
fit She of course maltoa a good sitter
I and Cffgs arc selected from the loot hens
I I which lay for a few weeks In the early spring
and placed under her The following season
u few moro of the dronellke kind aro kept
t I over and consequently very few eggs aro
t gathered during tho winter season
I It Is not always the fault of the bony
I f that they have the blues Not infrequently
I I I the source of the trnuhli rest 1 ugolj In tho
f I niinner In w hieh th < + arC rare d for Whoro
I rr r the poultr house la cleaned perhaps twice
rf I 1
I f
each year and badly Infested with lice It
cannot be expected that the fowls will bo
happy The poultry houso should be koPt
clean during every month of the year I Is
none too often to clean the house thoroughly
every two wceha
To kiiep the hens happy ant satisfied
they moat be well fed on 1 wide range of
easily digcstlblo foods No hen is con
tented unless her entire body is sustained
In a strong vigorous condition If she Is
wanted to lay eggs during the winter months
summer conditions must surround her Ani
mal food must be supplied to take the place
of worms and bugs Green food must be
fed to supplement grass and other green
l Y 11
A fntlblv rhlrkPU huue rmii rnirnt 14 tbntrn
UITO Tlir eels an jiljcotl tiiuW trio r < x > ti
Mtlnc Iat A UarJ for ilropplnp liuiiro
rlraiillnw A fcrdlu arrangement euJ duet
pun art a Up ibonn
Best Care of Manure
M UPI Is very perlshiiblo and loses
rapidly under most conditions from tho
time It Is nmde If dropped whore I Is want
iri or If applied at once thu loss Is the least
No furcior should be so blind as to cupnosc
he Is keeping up fertility In proportion as he
feuds stock unless he SCt tho manure
proper care It Is getting manure on the
lund that counts lu fertlllly When manure
cannot be hauled and uprojul as soon ns
produced It Is best preserved by the deep
stall system letting 1 accumulate under
the animals feet with plenty of bedding for
troy de lrcd time ThU system seems ea
HOdally adapted to winter fc dhu in mixed
farming XllroKcn is the principal element
In manure and tho full value of manuro
Is secured only when It la applied to land
needing nitrogen Frank tw
TO SHOW that there Is danger of contract
ing tuberculosis from using mlllc from
tubercular cows we cite the statement of
Health Officer Woodward of Washington
who says that about 13 per cent of the people
who die In the DIstrict of Culumbla from
tuberculosis contract the disease as a result
of drinking milk from dairies In anti around
Washington I has been found that an un
usually large number of cows around Wash
ington have the dlscihe This is a serious
situation and If this Js true around Wash
ington It Is true in other largo cities
I AN INKXPKNSIVK silo can be built of
stock boards lloorlng or other lumber
Ii Whore a man has a barn and wants to put
I a silo In one corner It may be well to build
It square The greatest care should be taken
I to rmove all the lag from the corners of
the silo All exposed to air will rot To
build such a silo lake 2 by 10 Inch planks
I lay them down In square shape like a door
frame lotting tle corners lap and spike
r them together well at Uw corners then take
some plank Iwo feet long and splko at the
corners so as to mako the corners our Inches
llilck Then saw pieces to bind across they
roriieiR These pieces sbonld be three fe + t
long Spike well You havo now got the
i 2
I A burn built atlrr tho abor corutruellon coo
In lUe minimum of wale ipf lumllr taken
I oft l r rafter tml uppori lu ordinary borne
frame of the silo finished These frames
slo Jnlshcd Thtt rms aro
to take tho place of hoops on tho round silo
Tovstart to build plo on top 0 iach other
all of these frame J Just where the silo Is to
bo built then talc lumber flooring stock
boards or shlplap will be good go Insldo 0
the frame sland iho
boards nt each corner
and nail tho bottom of tho boards lo the alll
or to tho bottom frame then rise the top
I frame to the upper cuds of standing boards
and nnll If you want a silo deeper than
one length of lumber let the first course of
lumber rcnch to the center of the top 2 by 10
Inch frame the other course will then have
room for nailing Now raise the next frarnu
up within four feet of th upper one and
continue to drop don threo and onehalf
feol three fret and two and onehalf feet
and the last frame two fet atrt Vow I
board up Instdo aftor which IC tock lumber I
has been lined put on I hr > ay grade o
I tarred INI per then break the joint Hurl pn
on another layer of lumber If lloorlng li
used one thlLkiusy will answer These t + 10
I acv fheup good and lasting and being In i
barn rvqnlro no root
Silos like everything HBO ot as mud
as we may feel like spending on them Oil
man is satlMflcd with a burn costing S50
while his neighbor will spend three times
whie nellhhor wil thllC lmes Q
much o the Hmo sized building
I Have Cows Fresh in Fall
6G I FIND sajn I prominent dalrjma
I I ift Illinois that winter dairying I
more profitable than smiiiinr dairying
always try to ha > e my dairy cows com +
fresh between Ocl 1 and Jan 1 and fcc
plenty of ensilage and good clover buy will
bran gluten or some other good protein fe vJ
r let the cows be their own Judge rogardlni
the amount they will consume and dlgeot u
got the groattSl value
ThIs I think Is the way to mako then
pay the grelesl profit 1 find that goof
I cows well fed and cared for will pay agoo
prollt every day of the winter and wi dr
almost W well during the next summer al
will those that come In fresh In the spring
Cows that freshen Into In the fall tell
take their vacation in tin early fall whet
the pasture Is usually short As a rule hei
alstorn that freshen in the spring shrink con
Htdcrably In their How of milk and then It I
almost Impossible to get them buck to wlurc
they woro before the pastures pln to drj
up And oven If they are irought back It U
dono with very expensive feedstuff whlih 1
and will uatially consume most of the proofs
I Am that I is most profitable to klcJ
the cows doing their very brat while they art
fresh No cow can be lowed to shrink In
her milk fdr a frw weea or perhaps for a
month and then be exptctod to catch up tc
her form tr standing and mako up for losl J
lime by high feeding I havo learned that J
the will not maktt up for lost time therefore
I Is very Important that Mho be kept up to j
I the t Ir heel al all times In her flow of milk I
Cows that come fresh In the fall wl j
give tho greatest returns when prices nN f
usually Jilehcr than in summer while thost j
that fruahqn In the spring nro Just iho re
vorsa Ihor foro I think I boat to hat o there
Cre hoi In the falL

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