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The Ogden standard. [volume] (Ogden City, Utah) 1902-1910, August 06, 1910, Part Two, Image 13

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t V 3 V rf iV fc < < TJ J
IL I M The Scidncc of Farming
I r vI r JOIO br the National tree Chicago
G
I I
r I
5 II 1I i
fr Answers by the Veterinarian
i J Dr A S Alexander
1 VliCCiiiln College Agriculture
i
r i I Gapes in Cfifcfcons
WILL you kindly tell mo what causes
I
I gapes In young chickens also In young
turkeys and If there Is any way to prevent
I or cure them I have seventy chickens 3
weeks old seine of which have tho gapes
1 i and I am afraid all will soon he affected
A IS Graham Dewitt Iowa
1 Reply Thl disease Is due to a parasitic
work In the windpipe tradiwf Tho worm
in known as s > ngnmu trachealls The
i gaping Is tho characteristic symptom In af
fected fowl Tho young birds become af
I I fected by taking in either adult worms con
i taining eggs or the embryos which may ho
f I present In food or drink Treatment con i
i sists In Ural separating all affected birds from
tho Hock and then putting the balance onto
1 new ground uwny from Infected yurjla The
1 i latter and nil houses and pens should be
j cleaned up disinfected and whitewashed In
clude feeding and watering troughs Burn
i dead birds As a disinfectant use a 3 per
I cent solution of coal tar dip or orjulo em I
1 I I bolic ncld and continuo Its use lr > the houses I
r r I j etc right along until tho disease Is got rld
i I I of Some poultrymcn are expert In treating
I the disease They strip a feather of Its wob
except that portion near the tip This feath
er Js dipped in kerosenu or turpentine and
used as follows Open the chickens mouth
i with the lingers of the left hand thrust
the feather into tho windpipe when that
I passage opens for the chicken to breathe
i iwlst the fenlllar around sovonil times and
withdraw it will have worms ad
hering to It or they will afterward be
coughed up having been looseniwl by the ac
I tion of the1 feather The operation must be
I very carefully and gently done Burn all
matter that comes away or coughed up I
I Affected land should be plowed u cropped
Giving chickens now ground rpgularly and
avoiding crowding and dirt tend to prevent 1
this disease 0 r
1
Castrating a Colt
We have a 2yoaroId coltthat was by
It grade nnlllon and from a nulro that vvc
bought In one of the largo cities when1 her
feet had played out for work lie Iftn good
I big colt but docs not seem to have much lift
I lie does not pay much attention to mares
and maybe It Is worms that are bothering
him as his coat Is rough We want to keep
i him for a stud but If he does not taku more
I notice he may have to be castrated Please
I tell us what Is tho best time to alter a colt
l J V Kansas
I
Reply The best time to castrate such a
colt Is when the knlfo is good and sharp
Do It as soon as possible for Coils of that
breeding are a damage to Hie district on
which they are Indicted as siresNo man
I should think of standing for public service
f a grade mongrel or scrub stallion The
I rj ca trating knife should be kept busy just
I as soon as each district can substitute pure
l bred stallions for such mongrels which can
s not possibly advance the horse Industry of
I I life community The operation should bo
i performed on any bright dry day
I
IJ
i Alfalfa Needs Food
I II 1r IS important to know that there is lit
I tic illiTcrcncebetween successful alfalfa
i1 ifi owing aVd the successful growing of other
I crops Poor farming never brings hiS crops
i i nor WIll > llo land produce as lgfyields as
II the more fertile Failure to restore to the
soil the necessary elements of which It has
been robbed mean the same in Now York
f Kansas Virginia or anywhere else Every
farm plant to prosper must find in the soil
+ readily available the elements needed for its
I development 1C a farmer finds the soil lack
ing In elements needed for certain crops ho
1a m should either supply the deficiency or not at
tempt their raising This is true of corn or
1 wlioat cotton or tobacco no less than al
i falfa
f
i
ni is ncTuncn WIIONGLY
I Iwlt arc often bliund unjiutl > for kll lug chick
en The fact U the owl ns well its moil ollur
blrde are Tolaahle to 1 U < fanner fur Ulltop
I uilco ralo and ialets wUkli c7lrr million
ot ctollirii worth of farm product yearly
Air Puts Life in Soils
I OUUbest farmers are mindful or the fact
that the soil should bo ao cultivated
hut It will admit of some circulation of air I
It Is a wulllcnown fact that thuro la not a
feed which will germinate oven In the rlch
ist soil unless a llttlo air Is present A very
mportnnt feature of good farming Is to do
ermine just how much air the soil should
tontaln or how loose or compact it should
iu Having too much air In the soil Is as
dad as having none at all and It takes more
than ordinary judgment on the part of the
tanner to determine when tlmc soil needs
Hratlnp or whon It is aired out too iquch
Air in the soil performs two very Important
I functionsIt liberates plant food and it Is
by the action of the air that decomposition
nnU disintegration are hastened Without the
air plant food would not become liberated
and the weeds and stubble that uro turned
under would not begin to immediately do
compose to make plant food and humus It
is the air that causes nitrification of the
soil alto soil contains largo amounts of
plant food of which but a small proportion
In tillable It 1 v thi circulation of air
HrouKh tills oil thtt iaucH this nitrogen
to t liberated Without an the soil bt ome < <
dead and Inert
4
HOGS ON EAR CORN I
Result of Experiments Conducted by Professors W J Kennedy and E T Robbins at Iowa State
HERE are a number of different ways
THERE < dln corn to hogs but there Is
only one way to do It at least cost for
returns received In increased production of
pork In order to determine what Is tho best
mdthpd of feeding corn to hogs the Iowa
state college agricultural experiment station
recently completed experiments on 312 hogs
of all ages fed In thirtytwo lots testing six
forms of corn dry ear corn soaked shelled
corn dry cornmeal soaked cornmeal dry
corn and cob meal and soaked corn and cob
meal Tho experiments summed up arts as
follows
Dry ear corn is highly relished by hogs
and Is decidedly the most convenient to feed
Soaking and grinding necessitates Increased
labor and expense and this use of troughs
tight receptacles for carrying feed and more
Judgment In ceiling
Corn of the last crop was used each year
Cornmoal and corn and cob meal were llnely
ground The cost of shelling was 1 cont per
I bushel shelling and grinding 3 cents grind
ing corn and cob meal 6 cents
All the lots In each experiment were given
exactly the name kind of quarters and treat
ment except for the onv difference the kind
of preparation given the corn Careful tests
were made to show exactly the amount of
shelled corn to which the car corn was
I equivalent and the weights for shelled corn
I aro given so as to show Just tho amount of
grain actually eaten by all the lots
Dry ear corn was fed with the least waslo
and in 1U07 made the fastest gain The pigs
ate It more slowly than soaked corn or corn
meal owing to the greater time required to
masticate IL
In 1007 100 pounds of dry ear corn made
as much pork ns 112 pounds of shelled corn
soaked twentyfour hours or 122 pounds of
cornmeal soaked twelve hours All the other
fjrms of corn were still less efficient
Whether fed dry or soaked a bushel of
corn ground without the cob mado more
pork than a bushel of corn ground with the
cob A bushel of ear corn mado as much
gain as one and onethird bushels ground
Into corn and cob meal at an expense of C
cents a bushel In 1908 shelled corn soaked
twolvu hours made slightly the fastest gains
Shelled corn soaked twelve hours was
more palatable to young hogs and gave bet
ter results than corn soaked twentyfour
hours It gave slightly more rapid gains
but required fully as much feed for each 100 I
pounds gain as dry car corn for spring pigs
during their first summer and fall I
In 1908 the spring pigs getting cornmeal
required 15 to 17 per cent more feed for each j
pound of pork produced than those getting
ear corn The average results for two years I
show that for spring pigs during their first
summer and fall there was a saving of over
I
6 per cent of thee corn by feeding it In the
ear Instead of shelling and soaking it and a I
saving of IS to 21 per cent by feeding it in
the car instead of shelling and grinding It I
For hogs weighing 100 pounds at the start
and fed 110 days 5 per cent of the corn was
saved by shelling and soaking twelve hours
for hogs weighing 300 pounds at the start
fed SI days the saving by this preparation
was I per cent of the corn for 200pound
I Makmg
lour annual crop represents a mar
ket value as grain of about 1300
I 000000 If the corn stalks could all bo
saved at their best they would represent an
I
added value to thu corn crop of about 400
I 000000 These look like large sums of money
but the amounts arc not exaggerated
I Considering the great value of tho corn
crop of the country we can see why great
efforts arc being made to secure the crop
at Its best and retain It iiin condition to
insuro Its full value as feed Tho wastes
In the past have been largely with the fod
der
The value of the corn fodder Is not ap
preciated alike in all part of tho country
Homo deem It advisable to hog down the
corn not making any effort to save thin
stalks for feed In other places tho corn Is
husked on the hill and afterwards the cat
tle are turned In to consume the stalks get
ting only their partial value as feed us the
frosts have materially Injured them Others
cut and shock the corn and feed It stalks
and all letting hogs follow tho cattle to pick
up the unmastlcatcd kernels of grain thut
may be found In the droppings In the
northern portions of the country where both
I the grain and the stalks are esteemed highly
for feed tho corn Is cut shocked and husked
by hand the grain stored to be fed In ac
eurutcly measured quantities and the stalks
are stored tobe fed as needed through the
winter
r Of late yearstllnTfrbiU t plans havo boen
d vlacd by which the corn crop can bo so
College Agriculture Experiment Station
1 I
w
Do 7tto Litters Year J
UQ n rnr Puy
It is the opinion of practical farmers t that it is profitable to niisc two litters
of pigs a year when suitable warm quarters can be provided Some say much de
pends upon whether or not there is plenty vof fresh milk on the farm for feeding
purposes
hogs fed on pasture the saving was 71 per
cent and for old thin sows fed In do yards
the saving was GS per cent of the corn by
bholllng It and soaking It twelve hours
The small savings of corn by grinding are
Insignificant because In every case where
there was any saving by grinding a still
greater saving was effected by simply soak
Ing the shelled coin twelve hours In water
Hogs changed from soaked corn or cornmeal
I
RAISE MORE IS CRY
4irrHB United Slates as a whole has a
THE soil and as favorable climate
as any country In tho world says AV
C Brown president of the New York Central
lines
Given mho same intelligent methods of
seed selection fertilization and cultivation
continues Mr Brown our lands will pro
duce as large crops as those of any other na I
tlon
A simple comparison of the average an
nual yield per acre of the principal cereals of
the country with those of the older nations
Is the severest possible criticism of our
methods or our want of method
1
ihJs present Us muriate the results are
somewhat less I
Farmers should be warned against judging i
fertilisers by their valuations A fertiliser 1
the cost of which conies chiefly from the
pjio phoric acid present would value much
lovcr commercially than a fertiliser with a
high percentage of nitrogen and yet mho for
mer might be limo moro profitable one for a
given fanner lo purchase
I About Wheat Bran and Rye
n > AX you give me some Information on
C
V > this question At the some price
which Is the moro nutritious feed for hogs
and poultry wheat bran or crushed lye Alto
which are the best root crops for feeding pur
poses to grow in hand along the river hank
I I give below the digestible nutrients in
ijvnnigo samples of wheat bran and rye By
I Studying these figures you will note that there
lt consldeiviblo difference iti the composition
I oC the lo feeds especially In reference to
the protein and carbohydrate As to which
I would be better to use would depend upon
I the age of the animal and whether the pur
porleof feeding is to fatten or to grow them
You will note that bran has considerably
I
more protein than the rye while rye Is better
for fattening purposes On the other hand
I wheat bran where It comprises any large
I Mr Brown who spent his boyhood upon
the western frontier as a farmer points out
f that during the last ten years wheat In this
country has averaged only fourteen bushels
jTor acre while England averages thirtytwo
Ijushcls Germany twentyeight bushels
Netherlands thlrtvfour bushels and Franco
enty bushels
L
it Of oats this country averages 237 bushels
JSngland 12 Germany 46 and Netherlands 33
Bushels
E Potatoes In the United Stales average
So bushels while Germany Belgium and
Great Britain produce average yields of 250
bushels
I
a part of the ration of hogs Is loo bulky 1 I
should say that rye should always bo ground
I for feeding purposes As to the root crops I I
havo had the best success with stock boots or
mangel wurrels I
Composition of wheat bran winter lieiil I
and rye respectively Diy matter In 100
I pound 877 und 881 dlgo lhlr > nutrients In I
HO pounds protein 131 and UO carbohy
I drates 371 and 070 ether extracts 2C and
11
i
Profitable Feeding
T N FEEDING cattle we always mix crushed
I I corn and cobmcal with bran or ground I
I oats The most of our corn Is husked by I
machinery and the fodder shredded and fed
I
In closed mangers rime refuse is used to
I keep the cattle well bedded and to absorb
all the liquid manure which we apply to I
the corn and oat Holds The most helpful
single thing In our experience is pasture It
s in the long run the cheapest and best
ration Followed along thin lines I have in I
dicated as being our own experience I am
confident that farmers cun grow good cattle
at a profit TJy so doingif the manuro Is
I carefully made and saved In ten years tho
I value of tho land will be enhanced SO per
I
1 cent making this way the cheapest of all I
j ways lo got two blades or grass where one
II grew before I
It can bo utilized to Its fullest extent That i
r the sllago represents a feeding value not
fully up to what it would bo IrIt could be I
saved in Us green state before being fcr
mentod is readily admitted To remedy I
some of the dllllcultlos encountered when
the corn Is cnsllood another scheme has l
been devised that of shredding and hush II
Ing
By the method of shredding and hush I
ing the corn Is cut whep ripe sot up In
shocks and allowed to cure or dry out until I
It Is considered snfo to pile the shredded
fodder in the barn or stack By this plan I
tho grain Is sepiimted from the stalks and
stored by Itself while the stalks and leaves
nre cut into strips and blown by tho machine I
to the mow or stack wjioru they coq ho
packed In a small compass ready to feed
when needed and In a fresh sweet condi
tion t I
Among the advantage urged by those I
who shred the corn 1 wllj mention tho fol =
lowing j
The stalks can bo storml Inu 81111111 com
jOss and can bo fed in Jifcu such quantities
as each nnlmaj will rociulrcVand can be
to them In tho manfr
given ern practice not
satisfactory when whole rind In the bundle
Is not eaten of thai
Vlmft stalks Is in fine
IIlltLiHfor bedding the lock and 1M the boat
absorbent of tho liquid manure
yet dis
covered It la Iran and Irco from duvL
flc stork will eat eoiiuldorably mire of lie
c
I
nmdn tho most economical gains of all the
forms In which corn was fed
Professor AV J Kennedy and J3 T Hob
bins after weighing the result of tho ex
periment carefully In mind malto tho fol
lowing conclusion
1 Hogs under 200 pounds In eight make
the most bconomlcal Rains when their corn I
Is fed In thin form of dry ear corn although
shelled corn soaked In wnter twelve hours
mMes slightly faster gains I
2 Hogs over 200 pounds In weight make
more economical gains on shelled corn soaked I
in water twelve hours than on dry ear corn
or cornmeal in any form aijd at the same
tines the gains on soaked shelled corn aro j
nearly as rapid as on any of the other forms
In which corn was fed The amount of corn
saved by shelling and soaking for hogs of
this si7c varies from 11 per cent to 71 per
cent for different lots being tho highest for
hogs nn pasture
3 Hogs fed on dry onr corn require a
longer time to cat than those fed soaked
corn or cornmeal owing to tho more thor
ough mastication of the dry car corn Young
hogs and pigs reduce the dry kernels from
the ear corn to a finer state of division thun
do the older hogs
i Shelled corn soaked twelve hours Is
more palatable and produces faster and more
economical gains than shelled corn soaked
twentyfour hours
T With hogs over 200 pounds In weight
the soaking of corn is of greater advantage
to those running on pasture than to those
conllned In dry yards I
C It is useless to grind corn for hogs of
any age when tho weather Is warm enough to
permit soaking In every case where grind
ing shows a saving of corn simple soaking
twelve hours in water shows a still greater
saving
7 Soaking cornmeal adds nothing to its
feeding value for hogs that relish dry corn
meal sufficiently to cat It readily In that con
dition Young pigs do not relish dry corn
meal so well ns do older hogs
S Hogs of all ages relish soaked cornmeal
and usually cat larger quantities of It than
of corn In any other form While the gains I
on this ration arc among Iho best for young
hogs and as a rule better than with an
other form of corn for hogs over 200 poun M
in weight tlicso gains arc also among the
most expensive produced by any form of
corn fed In these experiments
9 Hogs ranging upward from 200 poun s
In weight eat dry cornmeal readily They
make more rapid gains on it and a llttlo
more pork from each bushel of corn than
on dry car corn but after paying 3 cents
per bushel for shelling and grinding the gains
are moro expensive with dry cornmeal than
with dry ear corn except for the oldest hogs
with corn above 10 cents per bushel In price
10 In general hogs that aro accustomed
to corn prepared in some form receive at
least a temporary check In rate and economy
of gains when for any reason u change Is
I made to dry oar corn When the gains arc
very rapid on the soaked or ground corn this
I effect Is moro marked and In some cases
onset any bcncllclal effect of the preparation
I of the corn
Iii NOTES ONOILSFEEDING ETC I
Value of Fertilizers
TO CALCULATE the valuo of fertilizers
multiply the percentage of nitrogen by I
frS multiply the percentage of available I
phosphoric acid by 07 multiply the per
centage of Insoluble phosphoric acid total
minus available by 04 multiply the per
centage of potash by 10 The sum ot those
four product will be the commercial valua
tion per ton on the basis taken
For illustration A table of analyses
shows a certain fertilizer to have the fol
lowing composition Nitrogen 252 per cent
available phosphoric acid 031 per cent In
soluble phosphoric acid 89 per cent potash
G64 per cent According to this method of
valuation tho computation would be as fol
lows
Nitrogen 2G2X3S 50GS
Available phosphoric
acid 631x07 112
Insoluble phosphoric
acid 0 080x04 03C
Potash 664x10 661
Total 52100
Thin rule assumes all the nitrogen to be
organic and all tho potash to be in the form
of sulphate If a considerable portion of
nitrogen exists In the fertilizer as nitrate
of soda or as sulphate of ammonia and pot
1
Why Boys Leave the Farm I
p EHlIAPS the one thing more than any
other that drives the young people away
from the farm is that the head of the house
Is more interested In the work of the farm
than he Is in the society of his follows while
the opposite Is quite often true of the > oung
people No doubt many of tho young poo
pie of today will expect their children to
do exactly what they are rebelling against
but there seems lo be a general awakening
along this lino
rn
yElB man who Is spending money for cx
J cavutlon tile laying and filling should
stand the expense of having a competent
surveyor to lay out tho grade for him pro
idcd of course h < > is not sufllciently skilled
in the use of instruments to do it for him
self Any failure to lay tile properly means
the taking up of that portion seine lime In
time future and that after considerable dam
age has been dyne to the entire system
abovu the point of failure We have known
of a good deal of money being lost by the
neglect of this simple precaution Fanners
think tho eye Is a sufficient guide and the
eyes of some men are wonderfully accurate I
but no man should take chances e
I
StaHs Assist Corn to Nourish Live Stock
I h By N A Clapp I
cured entirely storing It for use In a man
I ner that Is convenient to feed at any time and
l
run bo measured out accurately by the I
I feeder One of the popular plans is to storo
I It In the silo
I
When corn Is put In the silo It is cut Just
at tho time when the kernels on most of I
the ears are glazing well and the stalks are
still full of Juice and In a condition to yield
up all the nutrients In them Running the
corn through a cutting box before It Is
I elevated and dropped Into the silo It Is In
I short pieces that can be packed very close
ly excluding all the air Of course thin
I whole muss goes through 11 process of fer
mentation yet It is succulent and palat
I able It can bo measured or weighed out
and only such amounts as each of the ani
I mals require given them
Silage Is considered tho most economical
I feud for dairy cows and other cattle Is
raised and stored on the farm It Is all
consumed sraln stalks butts and loaves
are all consumed By the plan of cutting
corn shocking lt < and husking It In the
field exposing time fodder to tho winds and 1
storm after tho corn Is taken out got iho
stalks It Is generally estimated that the
I feeding value of the stalks Is injured fully
40 par conL
Ojie of the objections urged against cn
Il1Seorn Is this fact that the whole crop
gililn stalks and all IH run into the silo
not leaving the grain in a condition where
to dry car corn for oven a few days fell
quickly behind In gains so that any advan
tage from prepared corn might thus bo easily
lost
In general the fastest and most econom
ical gums are secured b > feeding dry car
corn until the boss arc close to 200 pounds
rfjn weight For hogs above 200 pounds In
weight soaked shelled corn while a trlflti
slower In rate of gain than soaked cornmeal
r
stalks after they have been shredded than I
It can by induced to do while theyaro whole
thcicby making the shredded stalks a moro
economical feed than the wholestalk
Where diversified farming Is carried on j
and thero arc other kinds of work than
husking that must bo donor
dote this work can
be deferred until such times as It can be
done without Interfering with other work
on the farm When tho corn is husked by
the machine a large amount
can be handled
In a short period of time making a short
Job of the corn husking while by the old I
plan of husking by hand and
tying the I
stalks In the field there Is more or less i
suffering from stormy weather and cold
hands and feet When I
corn is allowed to
ripen and cure In the shock the grain can
be sorted and stored without
being exposed
to storms or being mixed with
grit by being I
thrown on mho
ground before
sorting and
storing
In order to make a success of shredding I
and storing corn fodder It must llrit be
allowed lo cure before It Is shredded or I
when piled up In large quantities It will heat
and bo injured It must also be dry or it i
will heat and mold undsoute of It will spoil j
Good common sense must be used In this
mailer If for any reason It Is thought I
best to shred the corn when It 19 damp the
fodder can be saved by placing a layer of I
stalks I
alternately
with a layer
of dry straw
The straw will absorb some of the Juices I
from the talks and tVvnromo loo making
the whole mass plalablothat It will all
be consumed
1
I
r
l
Questions of the Feed Lot j
Professor Herbert W Mumford
l
Illinois Colltae of Jorlculturt
Silo for Beef Cattle l
t t t HAVE a rough 110 acres raise from for
I ty to sixty acres of good corn per nl
Buy a cArload of steers In fall finish on bIll
grass In summer keep one cow and ten hem
of horses How largo a silo ought I to build <
Which IH the cheapest and best concrete ot
wood I would have lo haul sand two mile
Can you give Instructions about conerrp
silos 1 have a barn with 16ft corner post
2S ft long by 10 ft wide Would It bi
cheaper to extend it on twentyfour feel mon
and connect silo or would it be better U
build silo separate and shed It I would want
loft In shed for oat straw or buy Is It belJt
to build silo on hill or level
1 would any that you can build a wood a
frame silo cheaper than concrete A well
made concrete silo is superior to wood IV
informnllon concerning silo construction 1
suggest you write for the following experi
ment stations bulletins Bulletin No 102
Construction of Silos not available Illi
nois experiment station Urbann lit bulleth
No 100 Construction of Silos Iowa expert
meat station Ames Iowa bulletin No 253
Cement Silos In Michigan Michigan ex
periment station East Lansing lIch bulle
tin No 182 Silo Construction Virginia ex
periment station Blacksburg Va bulletin
No 125 Silo Construction Wisconsin ex
periment station Madison WIs
It Is necessary to have lie silo located
where the soil Is well drained the chief point
to ho observed being to have It located In
such a way that it Is convenient to the barn
or shed where the live stock to be led from
it are housed The usual arrangement Is to
put the silo close up to tho end of the burn
making a chute between the barn and side of
the silo thus Inclosing the doorway As to
tho slzo of tho silo needed for a carload oi
1 steers one cow ten hwid of horses and the
hogs that would ordinarily bo kept T would
suggest a silo 12 feet In diameter and 30 feel
high This will doubtless hold somowhal
more silage than your present stock will
need but with the silo you will perhaps In
crease tho amount xof stock kept and It Is
desirable to get your silo as deep as prac
I ticable antI of course the larger It is In di
ameter the more economically It cun be built
I
Making Feed Easy
I THE feeder has plenty of clover alfalfa
IF
and silage or roots for roughage with
corn barley oats or similar feeds to consti
tute his grain ration the feeding problem Is
comparatively simple With these materials
one can furnish variety succulence ash In
gredients and proper proportion of diges
tible nutrients at least as cheap and prob
ably cheaper than when one Is obliged to use
commercial feeding stuffs Where one or
I moro of these important factors Is lacking
it is then well to consider the purchase ot
some of the commercial feeds It has been
shown by experiments for Instance that
hogs fed on corn will make much better gain
I If fed a small quuntlty of meat scraps oi
tankage The results of experiments also
show that the hogs gain enough moro nol
only to pay for the extra feed but frequently
to Increase the olUcIency of the corn by K
cents or more per bushel
I
= =
Removing Pigs From Sows
I T IS NOT a good plan to take all the pig
from the sow unless one or two of then
i tan bo turned with her sonic hours after U
draw the milk she will have at that time nu
again say after a lapse of lwcnl > four hour
I The proleired way is lo leave about two o
j the smallest with her for several days nn
I sifter that leave only one for two or thrct
days more by which time the How of ntlh
will have been so gradually diminished thai
no Injury will result to tho sow by keeping
them entirely away from her This extra
supply of milk helps also to push the smalloi
pigs along In growth and put them mort
nearly on an equality in size with thch
I thriftier males
F Og
I IJff
v 11lIiI I > ITI < K
Woanluc mire N not jn rasp unilirr nlirn Iho
om till rorinnl mil < liablt IIr ulllih lilJii hrr
milk unli gs tlic 10 It I irint Indir llvo
rondlllon tlio abnvi nrrnngotucnt N liaiily nod
cniuci aim lnrm lo cithertins calf or IU inollii
Test Easy to Supply
Hiss test far tuberculosis In cattle Is such
THIS simple easy lest to apply that It
would seem that most any one would bo able
to apply It with perfect results and when It
Is applied as U should be the rCJOulL aro ab
solutely reliable In getting the herd ready
to test It Is wise lo water them about noon
and house them Permit them to stand about
three hours At oclock > ou rin take tho
temperatures The normal temperature v8
Ills from 03 to 103 degrees No animal with
a temperature higher than 103 should have
tuberculin Injected You take three temper
atures the first being taken at 3 oclock
then one tit 5 and another at 7 After the 7
oclock tcmporaiuro ou Inject tuberculin by
the use of a syringe uslnJ 2 c c of tuberculin
for tho ordinary 1000pound cow After the
tuberculin Is injected the herd should be
watered and they should not be watered again
until 2 oclock the following day unless they
can drink whenever they want to The follov
Ing morning C oclock you take tempera
tures then again at S 10 12 and 2 at which
time the test is finished After tho test Is fin
ished If there is an abnormal rising of tem
pcraturo over the temperatures of the first
day your herd should be divided Into three
classes healthy suspicious and condemned
A cow whoae temperature rises over 103 or
lOt jnny 1e considered suspicion j Over K4
up to 1072 are usually ctorsand tubercu L
lOlls

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