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Martinsburg statesman-democrat. [volume] (Martinsburg, W. Va.) 1906-1921, December 26, 1913, Image 1

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THIiemIIMUL
VOL 47.
MARTINSBURG, W. VA.. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 24. 1913.
NO. SJ.
TRAIN TRAVEL MORE
• SAFE HEREAFTER
Stricter Supervision of Employes is
Urged by the Commission Because
of so Many Accidents and Viola
tions of Simple Rules—Fewer Vio
lations of the Rebate Laws.
Its Investigations Into railroad
wrecks and the results thereof art
discussed at length by the Interstate!
Commerce Commission in its annual
report to congress, just made public.1
Congress is asked for legislation
empowering the commission to make
regulations aime^i no prevent aoei
dents and for u law prohibiting the
use of any but steel coaches on high
speed trains after a certain date, the|
act ultimately requiring all coaches
to be steel or steel underframe con
struction.
Cause Three-Fourths Accidents.
A total of 76 tram accidents were
investigated by the commission dur-l
ing the year. Of these the report
says:
“Fifty-six of the accidents invest*-1
gated, or nearly 74 per cent, were <li
reotly caused by mistakes of em-i
ployes. These mistakes were of the!
same nature as those noted by the1
commission fn its last annual report.*
“Their persistence, leading always,
to the same harrowing results, points
inevitably to the truth of one or Hie
other of the following alternatives:
Either a great majority of these de-j
plorable railroad disasters are un |
avoidable or there exists a wide
spread lack of intelligent and well-j
directed effort to minimize the mis-j
takes of employes in the operation of,
trains.
“It is not believed that all those an->
cidents which are caused by the mis- j
takes of employes are unavoidable.
“It, is quite true that man is prone
to error, and as long as absolute re
rane'e is placed upon the human ele
ment in the operation of trains ac
cidents are bound to occur, but un-i
til it can he shown that all reason
able and proper measures have hr on ;
taken for its prevention no accident
can be classed as unavoidable.
Violation of Simple Rules.
vAll of the mistakes noted above j
are violations of simple rules, which
should have been easily understood
by men of sufficient intelligence to j
be intrusted with the operation of
t rains.
“The evidence is that in the main
the rules are understood, but they are
habitually violated by employes who
are charged with responsibility for
the safe movement of trains.
‘The evidence also is that in many j
cases operating officers are cognizant
of this habitual disregard of rules and
no proper steps are taken to correct
the evil. Many operating officers
seem to proceed upon the theory that
their responsibility ends with the
promulgation of rules, apparently
over-looking the fact that no mat
ter how inherently good a rule may
be, it is of no force unless it is obey
ed.
Some Roads Lack Supervision.
“On very many railroads there is j
little oi uo system of inspection or:
supervision of the work of train
service employes so far as pertain*
to these matters which vi'ally affect
s.ifi- Ty.
“This lack of supervision and Jn-|
spection with respect to matters af
fecting the safety of trains is unox '
plauiable when the careful super '
vision of all matters directly affect
in£ tiie revenue of the roads is cor j
f.idered.
f‘The auditing ana cneciang sys
tems used for detecting the dishon-,
c*sty of employes are marvels of iu-i
tenuity and careful a Mention to de
tail, but means of determining
whether trains are operated in ae-|
cordanee with the requirements of
safety and in conformity with the
rules are almost entirely lacking.”
Would Save Both Lite anc Money.
The 'report points ouft that th©|
toads seek to economzie by careful j
Inspect Iona on oil. fuel and supplies.1
<i:id continues:
“The prevention of accidents b\* a i
s vet observance of operating rtilc-aj
means not only the saving of human
life but of large sums of money as,
well. It would seem, therefore, that,
adequate inspection and supervision;
of the work of employes to insure j
fafety in operation would be amply)
justified from the standpoint of eoon-'
omv alone.
The record abundun iy proves that!
even splendid signal equipment, and j
admirable dbgVpVne, coupled with j
loni? experience and high moral char I
acter on the part of employes, can- j
not prevent the occasional man fall-1
urea which produce such fatal ac*j
cidents
Favors Automatic Train Control.
“These facts are brought to the
attention of the congress, with the
suggestion that these man failures in
dicate the necessity for the develop
ment and perfection of some sys
tem of automatic train control to he
used in connection with existing si#
nal systems.
“In If? annual reports for several
your, past the corn mission has called
attention to the desirability of legis
lation requiring the use of the block
signal system."
The commissioners recommended
(Standardization of operating /rules
by federal legislation.
Rebate Laws Respected.
Vigorous enforcement of the Elk
ins and Hepburn acts has led to a
decided decrease in violations, the
it port says, although much evasion
by shippers was noted along with
failure of railroads io collect prop
er demurrage charges in order to get
around these laws.
The commission reported progress
in the physical valuation of rail
roads, and asked to he relieved of
its duties in connection with the par
cel post, or to have them more ex
plicitly set forth by law.
Arrival of Federal Prisoners at1
Mounriville Brings Population
Up to 1,175.
Five federal prisoners arriving
from Toledo, O., last night, swelled
the population of the Moundsville pen
itentlary to 1,175, establishing a new
population record for the institution
TUo institution in already over
crowded, land Warden Brown fears
that he will be. compelled to refuse!
federal prisoners within the near fu j
ture.
About a year ago when improve
ments were started at the federal j
prison at Fort Lea vena worth, Kansas.'
tlin, Leavens worth prisoners were seal !
tered throughout the United States, j
tMcli state Institution volunteering to
accept a certain number. As an ac 1
confmiodation Warden Brown offered i
to accept federal prisoners until the
150 mark was reached. Nearly this!
many prisoners have been received a: j
the institution already, and as pris-!
oners from throughout the state have
been comingin rapidly, it is feared j
very few more federal prisoners can
bo secured.
Similar conditions are said to exist i
throughout, the country, and as the,
new Leavenworth prison is only well j
under way, the problem of tak I
ing care of the federal prisoners Is
becoming a grave one. The Leaven |
worth prison will be the largest in
the United States, when completed
ELEVATOR FALLS
Walker Dennis Badly Hurt This
Morning at the New Thorn
Building
•Walker Dennis, colored, employed
on tl»e new Thorn building at the
corner of Eas: Martin and North
Spring streets, met with an accident
Saturday, which will incapacitate i
him from duty for several weeks. He
was engaged in running the elevator,
and after lading it with two wheel
barrows, one filled with mortar and
the other brick, he started for the
top of the building.
lie had almost reached his desig
nated place when the wire rope broke
and the elevator with its cargo fell
to "he first floor, a distance of more
than thirty feet. The impact of the;
fall was so great that the Wheelbar
rows were almost driven through the
floor of he elevator and Dennis sus
tained a fracture of his right leg just
above the knee. He was removed to
the Kings Daughters Hospital, where
Dr. Sponseller reduced the fracture. •
Rebecca Robinson on Trial for Aid
• ng in Violating the White
Slave Act.
Charged with conspiracy in bring
Ing Huth Steele from Iron town, Ohio, j
to her house of prostitution in Char
lest on, H*»becea Robinson is on trial '
in the l!i ited Slates district court
George Jordon was convicted three,
weeks ago for transporting the girlj
to Charleston, and the testimony on j
behalf of the government was siut-j
liar to that in the Jordon rase. The |
Steele girl, still weak from bi-chlor j
ide of mercury poison, taken with
suicidal intent following the indict I
ments. testified that she received .»'
telegram from the Robinson woman
to the effect that Jordon would come
for her.
MARSHALL 10 GET
$300 PER LECTURE
Vice President Writes That Seere 1
tary Bryan Broke no Precedent
in Taking Platform
I
CHICAGO, Dm. 20. It was an
nounced yesterday by a lyoeum bu
reay here relative to the fact that
Vice President Thomas R. Marshall ■
has signed a contract to lecture at j
least four weeks, that Marshall will
take the platform after the close of'
•be present session >f cotigr's^. Tbci
vice president will receive $3Uft a .
lecture, according to the announce
ment. His tour, it is said, wilt cover I
c't’.i y in the middle west.
In an article to appear in the next |
number of the magazine published
by tire bureau a statement by Mr
Mars he 11 will criticise severely the j
newspapers which found fault .vitb !
Secretary of State Bryan for going j
on the public platform.
Mr. Marshall's statement, accord
ing to the lyceum management nils
l hat he has examined all the'records,
and finds that there is nothing *fn
the Constitution or in any precedent
for objection, official or otherwise, to
his taking to the lecture platform.
YARDMASTER ILL.
Mr. Clifton H. Mock, B & O. yard
master at Cumho, is confined to his
tome, 630 North Queen street, suf
ferlng with an attack of grippe.
ANNUAL FEAST AT
THE STATE PRISON
Warden of State Penitentiary Orderr
145 Gallons of Oysters for
Christmas.
Warden M. L. Brown, of the state
penitentiary at Mpundsville, has- j
ordered 145 gallons of oysters to be !
served to the convicts for dinner on !
Christmas dray. In addiMon to the
oysters the convicts will have sev
eral side dishes, dessert and all the
trimmings of a good oyster feed.
The oysters will be stewed, that I
being considered the most digestible|
form in which to serve oysters. At
present {here are 1,170 convicts con |
fined in the penitentiary, and the on j
tire number will be assembled In the!
large dining room, of the institution |
The day will be a holiday, all work j
but the caring for the stock on the i
farm being suspended. In the morn |
ing the convicts will be entertained :
with a musical recital and concert
by Mrs. Emma More Scott, of1
Moundsville, and in the afternoon a
band concert will entertain them.
Last Christmas there was nearly a
carload of Christmas presents, con
dating principally of edibles, sent to j
the prisoners at the institution, and j
is they are allowed to accept such
offering it is likely the coming sea
son will prove no exception to the!
rule.
Some poor child in the Aid Society’s
school Is branded as feeble minds! j
because he defined “mother” as what
iron chop wood for.” Yet the reply
shows accurate perception — New
fork World.
DISCUSS VIRGINIA DEBT CASE
Counsel For Commission Hold Confer
ence at Lynchburg.
Attorney General Samuel W. Will
la ins. WPIHsm A. Anderson, and Knr
dolpii Harrison. cow»nl for the Vir
ginia debt ('omiuixnion, held a con
ference at Lynchburg, on Thursday,
over plans relative to Virginia on the
debt quetttoo.
It was stated Mmt the final argo
meat will he before th*» Supreme Cour* ]
In Washington, April It. 1!>14.
SELLS FINE HORSE
J W. Dodd Disposes of His Gray
Stallion, Joiiter, to Jsfferson
County Company.
Friday County Aftaesaor John W
Dodd sold his fine imported peroher
on gray stallion, Jouter, to a mini*1
ber of Jefferson county gentlemen,
who will organ I re a company, and
hereafter have the horpe in their con
trol. The sale was made at Molerfe
Cross Roads, near Dakerton. the
purchase price bring $2,000.
Mr Dodd has owned the horse fori
some time and last year made Ills
first appearance in Berkeley county.!
Jouter Is one of the finest and best
bred horses that ever came here, and
the farmers are expecting some
splendid colts. He is reglstred, his
number being 87,290.
The gentlemen buying the horse are
Dr. S. T. Knott, George M. Knott, T.
E. Howell, Lester E. Staley, Wit-!
Vam L. Hanks, D. H. Moler. A M
JUst, M. S. H. Mo'cr, D. F. Ko.mlh
ptid J. 8 rider Mo’cr in a few day*}
they will perfect an organisation.
Exact Stitus of the governor is ai
Little Difficult to Under
stand
iWJA8 HIX (.TON, Dec. 20 The ex
act status of Gov. H. D. Hatfield i\
the me titig of the Republican Na
tional Ocr.rmittee la a little difficult
to understood. It is understood he
was extended the courtesy of sitting |
with the committee in place of the \
regularly elected committeeman, Wil
liam Seymour Edwards, who was un
seated by the national committee
Home time ago on the grounds that
he had left the Republican party arid '•
affiliated with thr Progressive party j
The governor yas not elected to fill i
the vacancy but w as accorded the:
right to represent the Republican
party of West Virginia on the com
mittce so that the state should be
represented In the conference of the j
party and the deliberations of the
committee. He was placed on the i
committee to draft and publish a
statement as to the action of the na
tional committee.
West Virginia wH4 not be affected
by the revised plan of representation
in the Republican national conven
tions, as adopted by the national com
mittee here. It is one of the few
states whidb will have the same
representation under the new plan
as before.
ROUND THE WORLD
BY WIRELESS SOON
Arlington Radio Station Will Send
Spark 0^ New Year’s
Eve.
At 11:45 Dec. 31. the giant radio!
station at Arlington, Va., will send]
a spark around the world to mark.
the death of the old year and the I
birth of the new year. AU the ships!
of the American navy will pick up I
the signal and send it on, and all!
the big shore stations of the navy
and private corporations will also;
pick U up.
Westward the spark will travel by:
the way of the Hawaiian Islands and
Guam, and eastward by way of Liver
pool and Paris. As the big inetru
meats at Arlington spark the clock at
the Naval Observatory will automati
cally register the ware.
ON CONNER STREET
Home Occupied by Colored People
la Almost Destroyed by Blase
Last Night
Shortly before midnight Friday a
hot wo envoi'll by X. PooIf» or. ronner
street, ami occupied by some colored
people, was almost destroyed by
fire. Sovi raJ colored people were
there at the time, and their version
of the story is that a lamp exploded,
and before he department could ar
rive he building was doomed
The department believing the flr°
was extinguished returned to the
station, hut a second call about 4
o'clock this morning caused them to
return, but It required only a short
time tq subdue the flames. The los-,
on thf hutiding is estimated at $400
partly insured. A part of the furni
ture was saved.
WILSON INTENDS
TO TAKE VACATION
Secretary Tumulty »ays Executive
Needs Rest—He Desires
Three Weeks.
Although his physicians declared
that 1 lie* President win fully reoorer
ed from iiIk attack of grip, the Prest
dent Is not at the Executive offices to
day.
He will probably continue to work
in the White House study the remain
(K-r of the wwk
Secretary Tumulty said the Provi
dent >ls p’uanlng a three weeks’ vaca
tion to be tteguii ax soon a* the cur
rency hill is disposed vvf. lie hopes
to be able to sign this measure earl?
next week.
•‘The length of the time of vacn*
tlor|,” said Tumulty, "will* of course,
depend on the* plans made by (’on
gross for its h.diday recess. It i.<
likely, however, that Confresn will
udjoijrn immediately after the cur
rency bill is out of the way unti
about January 12.
‘ Thla would enable the president
to get away front the capital for at
leant three weeks and secure the rest
which It is admitted he badly needs
Just where this vacation will be spent
has not been finally decided
"The president and Mrs. Wilson
are considering a number of places,
and will finally agree on the Cttta
which promises the best opportunity
for rest.**
Challenge to House Debate, Declares
Donovan and the Encounter
is Off.
iProsperts of that Joint debate be
tween Representative Jeremiah Don
ovan, of Connecticut, anil Richmond
Pearson Hobson, of Alabama, vanish
ed into thin air yesterday,
• Mr. Donovan. In Issuing his chal
lenge to Mr Hobson, stipulated that
tbe debate should be on the question
of whether a member of the house in
good health has a right to be con
stantly absent from bis seat and still
draw his salary.
In accepting the challenge, Mr Hob
son notified the Connecticut member
that the discussion should Involve
the “question of criminality to In
clude appearances before grand Jur
ies on charges of irregularities In the
liquor traffic."
' The genial captain" said Mr. Don
ovan yesterday, “is sidestepping as
usual. He does not accept my chal
lenge, but evades the issue
“The issue between us is absentee
ism, and there has been no evasion
on my part. Capt Hobson may pass
his record of the first session of the
Sixty-third Congress Instead of be
ing present seven days he may get
down to seven houra." Mr. Donovan
didn’t understand reference *o the
liquor traffic or Juries, never having
been mixed up with either.
More votes would benefit tbe G. 0.
P. more than more convention dele
gates—(New Bedford Times.
REPORT
Of Secretary of Staff Shows Man]
Corporate* Were Chartered
i The report of the secretary of Malt
for the mouth of JNfocnmfrrr contuirn
I the f )Uo?(ti
Amount received from Increase it
i capital «t»>ck. $676. Amount receiver
I from foreign corpora t Iona o
! realdent corporatIon#, Prom tai
on amt, $215. Prom sale of book*
| $276. From fee*. $l.2M.fr&.
One roaident comp any, the Petrol
| eum Product* Co., *«•< chartered with
a eaptiat of $1,r»oo.0f»o The Ham*
j mock iftgg OatTlor Company has r
j captiwl of $3,5tH»,bdb. The lota I colloc
j Horn* for th*» month from that office
I were $4.368.68.
REV. SUTHERLAND
IS ARMY CHAPLAIN
Vice President Marshall** Former
Pastor Is Assigned To Fort
SHI.
■ The H#v. AlrxmuK'r l). Hutlmrlund
who resigned an pastor of tho Prw
bytartan Church at Berkeley Springs
in accept « chaplaincy in the army,
, has been assigned to tho Fifth Held
artUlory, now at at toned or Fort 8111
iokla. He will leave for hi* fetation
January 15. He is having i ahort teiu
porury duty at present at Fort Etanja
! min Harrison.
'Phi* Rev. Mr Sutherland is the
| former pastor of Vic** Prestden;
j Mumbai] ut Indianapolis. uuid the Vice
President at the pmuont tlm4* has
jliife little non. Thomas Marshall Suth
j «u*land ns a visitor. Jio will lake
■ I he lad to his parents this week
BUGGY COLLIDES
WITH AUTOMOBILE
! John Parkinson. et Berkeley Station.
Has Bad Accident on North
Queen Street
jBecaime of the congested condition
j of North Queen street this afternoon
j John Parkinson, of Berkeley Station
hail hi** buggy badly wrecked by col
| tiding with an automobile. Mr. and
! M|rs. Parkinson were driving south,
i and when near Minor’s store the bug
j gy struck the auto with such force
I the right front wheel wa« completely
| demolished, but the occupants encap*
* ed injury. The horse became fright
; ened, but several men ran to the
I rescue and prevented it from doing
, ny harm. Mr. Parkinson purchased
I a new wheel and started for home.
North Queen street has been bad
iiy crowded all day, and It, Is surpris
ing that more accidents have not
j occurred.
PAID THE BILLS
The Board of Affairs, with all tnem
! bers present, held their regular meet
■ lug last night. The usual Ini’s were
paid, and routine matters received at
I tendon.
Settling With Jails'*.
The county is spending the day
making a settlement with Jailor W
j M. Miller and transacting routine
| business.
_
SHOPLIFTER WAS
t Thief at Houacworth and Zimmer
man's Store Failed to Succeed
in Stealing Muffler.
I A shoplifter in House worth and
I Zimtfnonnan'H store Saturday was
| not smooth enough to get away wfth
| hi« work. MV. Zimmerman was alone
I when the stranger entered the store
and asked to be shown some sweat
; ers. While Mr. Zimmerman was pre
paring to exhibit the good* the
would-be purchaser slipped a muffler
; tnto his pocket. It was detected im
! mediately, and after It had been sur
rendered the thief was assisted to
: the door and sent on his way.
! There have been several reports
| of shoplifting during the week, and
! in some instances valuable goods tak
i en and but few recovered. Many
merchants have suffered heavily. If
the merchants would follow tbs ex
ample of Mr. Zimmerman there wouid
be less stealing and more goods sav
ed.
SENAFt PASSES
Conferees to Hurry Work, That Pres
ident May Sign by Tueeday at Lat.
set—Seven Republicans Help—
Hitchcock Fighting Up to the Last
Minute Also Comes Over on Pinal
Test.
WASHINGTON, Her 30 The Inn*
and hitler struggle In the senate over
i :he currency util ended last evenlnn
I v- It It the passage of the measure i.y
jn vole of '.I to :M, *-ven Repub't.vna
] coming to the support of measure at
; lhe wind up, and Senator irit-hcnck,
of Nebraska, ihn only Pvemocra: who
fonttht the proposed legislation ct.n
Alston, ly 111 rout ll all lie e.tidier
>f ages, turninit in at laat with his
; party and h-dpitl ' to put. tt throny’i.
i The seven Republicans who voted
! for the hIM were Crawford and Slrr
Iln, of South Dakota: Jones and Poin
dexter, of Washington; Norris, of Ne
Itni-kn; Perklua, of (’atlfornia, and
Weeks, of Massachusetts. the latl
named bains one of the best Inform
ed men on financial matters on the
Republican side
His course was it surprise to hit
party colleagues and he Justified It
In the dosing moments of the dPlutla
by declaring ilmt, while the legisla
tion was not. In bln opinion, all that
It should be, It was a distinct !tn
p.' vrinent on our present currency
system. He said that 78 par cent of
the provisions of the hill were good
and only 25 per cent objectionable.
He PS pressed he belief that the good
features of the measure would show
Immediate heneflctal results on the
business of the country, amt hoped
the effect of the, bad feature# would
lie minimised by wise ailmlnistrallon.
Laat Moment Amendment.
At the last moment, when Ihe sen
ate wits ready for the final vote. Sen
ator DaFollette arose and offered two
umendmonts. the flrat of which was
adopted by the senate and the sec
ond rejected- The former provided
that no member of the house or sen
ate should be a member of the Fed
eral Reserve Board or an officer of
the Regions I Reserve or member
banks His second amendment related
to Interlocking directorates, and
was rejected in pursuance of the
Detnooratte policy of dealing with
that subject In separate legislation.
As soon nH the result of the vote
was announced, the hill was sent to
conference and nine conferees were
appointed on the part of the senate
These conferees, si* Democrats and
three Republicans, are Senators Ow
en, O'Gorman, Reed, Pomerene, Slinf
roth, Hollis, Nelson, Crawford and
Bristow
Preparations for the conference be
tween the two (muses arc already
far advanced and an outline of what
each house will give and take Is un
derstood to have been sketched out
In order that the measure may be put
through Its fingl stages and sent to
the President for hla signature at the
earliest feasible moment. To expe
dite the conference work, the house
met this morning at 10 o’clock. It
Is hoped the conferees can complete
thetr work by Monday and Ihe hill
go to the President by Tuesday, at
the latest. In that event tt Is ex
pected congress will lake a holiday
recess of two weeks at least, and
perhaps three weeks. Congressmen,
the President and cabinet members
alike are eager for a rest after the
long strain of the special anil regu
lar sessions.
The paxsuge of the bill Is a source
of profound satisfaction to the 'as
ident and to Democrats In both
branches of congress, as It makes nr
record for prompt fulfillment of par
ty pledges on questions of the first
Importance, Involving sharp controv
ersies within the party lines and In
tricate problems touching the most
vital interests of the country. With
in ten months of the beginning of the
Democratic lease of power, to have
put through two such measures aa a
bill completely revising the tariff
and no less completely recasting the
monetary system of the country Is
pointed to by Democrats as a record’
that no other party has made in this
generation. It absolutely silences
the often made eharge that the Dem
ocratic party is a party of opposition
and not a constructive force in leg
islation.
Bitterly as Republicans have com

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