some youth of Lynchburg, dressed in his sis
ter's clothes. It was even so. - Two of
our sprighlliest belles, unable by reason
of clerical interdiction to attend "the hall,
determined to have their own fun
out of it, and accordingly dressed up
their brother in a full suit of female gear,
painted his cheeks, crowned him with a
garland of dowers, instructed him'in the
mysterious nrt of managing his strange
attire, and gave him a letter of introduc
tion to one of the managers, put him into
a hack and bid him Qod speed. The gal
lant manager, proud of his fair charge,
displayed a miraculous energy in intro
ducing her to everybody ; the young la
dy-boy played his part so admirable that
the Devil himself would never have sus
pected him, and the trick passed off so
successfully that it is now universally and
justly accounted the best thing that ever
happened in Lynchburg.
By late arrivals from Europe wo have
the following news.
Tub Eastern War.?The Cabinet cou
rier despatched by Franco and England
to Russia, declaring their Ultimatum, had
returned with the announcement that no
reply would be made.
The result would be announced by the
Queen to Parliament on the 27th. Themes
sage concluded with the declaration that
the Queen relied upon the bravery of the
army and navy in thi3 emergency. The
declaration of war appears in the London
Gazette, of the 28th. On the same day,
the Emperor Napoleon sent in a message
to the French Legislature, stating that
Russia had placed herself in a state of war
The announcement of the Emperor Na
poleon was received in both Chambers
with extraordinary enthusiasm.
The French government announces
that it will not grant letters of marque to
Admiral Napier's fleet was anchored
oflf Kiel, at the mouth of the Baltic. It
arrived there on the 27th.
A telegraphic despatch from Vienna
says, 17,000 Russians crosed the Danube
on the 23d and occupied Gedshed. Also,
that 85,000 Russians crosed at Matchin
All the warlike movements in England
and France were hastened. A division
of the Russian fleet had left Sebastopol to
provision the Russian fortress on the Cir
A telegraph despatch dated Belgrade,
states that on the 15th March, Gotscho
koff wished to depart from his position on
the Island opposite Tutukai. Hia troops
were already occupying the bridge. Of
a sudden the Turks opened upon them a
deadly fire with musketry and cannon.?
The consternation became awful.
Very soon the main twain arches of the
bridge were cut in twain, when it gave
way, precipitating over two thousand souls
into tho stream below, all of whom were
drowned. The scene is described as
heartrendering in the extreme. The
Turks suffered no loss whatever.
India and China.?The overland China
mail had reached London with Calcutta
dates of Feb. 18th, and Ilong Kong of
the 11th. Trade at Calcutta fair. Ex
Shanghai wasiu possession of the rebels.
The Patriot army was wintering near Pe
kin. Exchange at Shanghai and Canton
The Tripartite Treaty-.?The five ar
ticles of the tripartite treaty arc a3 fol
lows :?1st. France and England engage
to suppoort Turkey by force of arms un
til the conclusions of a peace that shall se
cure the independence and integrity of
of the Sultan's dominions. 2d)y. The
Porte shall not conclude a peace without
the consent of her allies. 3dly. The al
lies shall evacuate the Turkish territory
after the war, 4thly. This treaty to re
main open to the adhesion of the other
powers of Europe. Stilly. Turkey guar
antees to all the subjects of the Porte,
without distinction of creed, perfect equal
ity in law.
Tub War?The Campaign along the
Danube has begun in earnest. It is con
firmed that the Russians have crossed the
Danube in great force to strike a decisive
blow before the arrival of the Anglo
French force. On the 23d ult., Gostsha
koff crossed the Danube above Quiska,
which plrce he occupied, capturing 11
guns and making some 200 prisoners. He
also captured several small forts on the
Turkish side of the river. Gen. Lu lers
with the main body of tho Russians cros
sed from Galatz without much loss. Full
50,000 Russians are now on the right
On the 23d Gen. Luders commenced
pnrations for the siege of Metschin. On
the 23d, a large body of Russians at
tempted to cross near Oltenitza. A des
perate battle ensued, in which the Rus
sians were routed with the loss of 3,000
killed. The Turks were also badly cut
up that they had to retire to their en
trenchments. The Russians have now,
however, effected a passage of the river at
On the very day the Russians com
menced crossing the river, Omar Pasha
had intended to attack the Russian head-;
quarters at Pajan. The plan of the at
tack was drawn up and the entire force
put under the command of the French
Colonel Drew, but the Russian move
ments disconcerted the plan.
The Russians were now abandoning
their forts on the coast of the Black Sea.
Soncham Kale had been burnt and plun
dered by tho Circassians.
It was rumored that the Turks were
preparing to attack Sebastopol.
Accounts from Greece were ufavorable.
The Turkish Minister had left Athens and
the Greek insurrection was reviving, but
the Turks hold the fortress and have 8,
000 troops in Epirus. Envoys were daily
expected at Athens with the final com
mands of England and France. It was
reported that several nobles had joined
The whole French Army of 65,000 men
will be in Turkey by May 1st. It was
reported that the British force would be
increased to 30,000 men. The first di
vision of the expeditionary force was be
ing rapidly forwarded from Malta to Con
The Russian ships, from Sebastopol,
wore reported to be near the Gulf of Pu
re kop, off the Eastern coast of Crimea.
T he allied fleets were still at Beycos
Warlike Movements on the Baltic.?
The fleet under Sir Charles Napier was
again under way for the purpose, as was
supposed, of seizing upon the Island of Al
and.' Kicege Bay was named as the place
of rendezvous. .
The British ministers at Berlin had
sent the announcement of the'declaration
of war to Sir Charles Napier, with in
structions to commence hostilities.
The Russians were making great pre
parations for the conflict in the Baltic.?
All the lighthouses and buoys have been
reviewed and formidable fleets of gun
boats are collected in shallow water at all
the principal points. Attempts are being
made to block up intricate parts of the
channel with rocks. All the houses at
Cronsiadt imcapable of defence are be
ing pulled down. Now batteries are eve
rywhere in course of erection,and two hun
dred additional gun-boats have beeu or
The Czar and his son were personally
superintending these preparations. ^
Considerable discontent prevails in Fin
land towards Ruissia, and some arrests bad
I England.?It was rumored that Lord
Aberdeen was about to resign, but the
Globe contradicts the report.
The London papers are full of procla
mations regulating the details of the war.
?In the House of Commons the Attor
ney General stated that England does not
and cannot forego the right of search of
neutral vessels for articles contraband of
war. , ,
The bill to double the income tax had
passed the House of commons.
No battle had yet occured on the Bal
tic. The Russian, anticipating an attack,
were dismantling their fortressing on the
island of Aland, off the coast of Finland.
The fleet of Sir Charles Napier was still
in Beycos Bay, a short distance below
As soon as hostilities commence in the
Baltic, the Emperor and the Russian Court
I will remove to Moscow Navigation was
open to St. Petersburg.
The allied fleets have entered the Black
Sea to efleet a movement in junction with
Omar Pacha. They have steered for Yar
na. . .
The Russians were razing all the for
tresses in the Dolmslia to the ground,
while the Turks were falling back in good
order upon the Wall of Trajan. The po
sition of the Russians was exceedingly
critical, and they were were calling for
Another report says that the Turks
have gained a victory over the Russians.
The Turks have beaten Gen. Uschakoff
in Bessarabia, and forced him to beat a
The Turks have also crossed the Dan
ube between Miropolis and Ratschunk.^
It is now rumored that Austria will
make the Russians' passage of the Bal
kans a cause of war.
The English and French governments
entirely reject the proposals of the Czar,
founded on his letter to the King of Prus
Austria and Prussia.?A despatch
from Berlin states that negotiations be
tween Austria and Prussia had resulted
in their joining in the prototol signed at
Vienna on the 3d of April between Great
Britain, Fiance and Austria.
The Boston Times in a late number,
gives us the following anecdote, and we
pass it over to our readers with more gra
tification, inasmuch as it goes to prove
that the charge of favoritism to his rela
tions cannot be laid at the door of the
?? One day last week, a number of wor
thy and substantial-farmers and drovers
who had been attending the Cambridge
Cattle Market, congregated in the tempo
rary depot at Porter's station, and conver
sation turned on politics. Some of the
assembly were whigs or freesoilers, and
the way the Nebraska bill, the President,
Judge Douglas, etc., were handled was a
caution to the friends of non-intervention.
Presently, a sturdy looking farmer, with
a clear pair of eyes and an honest face,
put a question to the most violent of the
declaimers?an out-and-out abolitionist
?which immediately attracted the atten
tion of whole company to himself. The
conversation then proceeded, but had not
progressed very far before the sophistries
of the abolitionist were exposed and refu
ted by the plain common sense arguments
of the farmer. This was acknowledged
on all sides, except, of course, by his op
ponent ; and, satisfied with his victory,
the farmer modestly retired from the
place, leaving the company at liberty to
scan his arguments and guess about him
self at their leisure. " He talked like a
book," said one. "Yes?I hardly thought
he was so well posted up," remarked an
other. " He looked rough but talked
like a lawyer," observed the third. "But
who is he V was the quuestion generally
put. At this moment, Murray, thejdepot
master, who had been quietly listening to
their speculations, stepped forward and,
in his quiet and peculiar way, said : ?
" Gentlemen, that is Mr. Henry Pierce of
Hillsborough county. New Hampshire? j
brother of the Presient of the United States. ]
And that was true. We learn that Mr.
Pierce regularly attends the Cambridge
Cattle market every week, with the pro
ducts of his farm in New Hampshire, and
is everywhere esteemed as an honest high
minded, intelligent and patriotic Ameri
citizen. Whaf an interesting spectacle
does this present? Here was the broth
er of the Chief Magistrate of one of the
greatest nations on the face of the globe
j ?a person qualified to fill many respon
I sible posts, yielding handsome pecuniary
emoluments?pursuing the hard and hum
ble, but enobling calling of an American
farmer, while a word from his brother in
I office could place him where his purse
j might be easily and lawfully gorged with
| the glittering cash of the public treasury.
This among one of the many instances of
the single heartedness and unselfishness
of the President of the United States?
Extent of the Public Domain.?A re
port made by the Commissioner of the
General Land Office to the Secretary of
the Interior shows that the public domain
of the United States consists of 1,391,480,
320 acres, or 220,704,699 acres less than
exhibited in a former report. This dis
I crepancy occurs in consequence of the ex-j
| tent of the public lands in Oregon, Ne
braska and the Indian territories being
1 ascertained to be less than was supposed.
44 Hqtml Rights and Equal Lawn!*'
CLAKK.SB0BG, WEDNESDAY, APK. 23,1854
A New Phase of an Old Affair.
Several towns and cities in the country
(north of Virginia,) have been taken by
surprise at their recent elections, by the
success of a ticket, the existence of which
apparently, no person knew anything
about. The mystery connected with
these transactions, and the secresy with
which they have been conductcd, have
gained for the participants therein, the
name of "Know-Nothings." The object
of this hidden organization, and its man
ners of operation was for some time un
known, but at last the cat has been let
out of the bag. The object is a revival
of the exploded and ridiculous doctrines
of the defunct Native American party,
and its manner of operation, by means of
a secret organization.
This is the first secret political society
that we have any knowledge of, ever
formed in this country, and is antagonist
ic to the principles of this government, so
peculiar for the free and public discus
sion of all political questions. In the
United States, where all are permitted to
think anti speak as they please upon pub
lic subjects, there is no necessity for se
cret associations, especially if the object
of that association are worthy .of support,
and we confidently expect t*see this new
organization sconted and opposed by eve
jy good citizen.
The Natite American party sprang in
to existence some ten years ago, at a time
of great excitement, produced almost
entirely by themselves, and organized
under a name and banner dear to the
heart of every American; and under the
prestige of its glorious name and surface
principles, it bid fair to become a formi
dable party. It was soon, however as
certained to be the offspring of a bigotry
and persecuting spirit that would have
done credit to the projec tors of the mas
sacre of St. Bartholomew, and as such,
was discarded by all true republicans.
It were not "natives" that first made
the Western Hemisphere bloom like a
rose?it was not all "native blood" that
was shed in making these United States
free and independent, neither are they all
" native born" whose eloquence resounds
through our national halls at Washing
ton. The most "native" of us are de
scendants of foreigners, and foreigners
have contributed as much in proportion
to to their numbers, towards the welfare
of this country as " natives." -Jn what
condition would the American army have
been to meet the veterans of the mother
country, had it not been for Steuben ??
Who fought more bravely than Koscius
ko ? To make invidious distinctions
against such men, their worthy descen
dants and countrymen, is unwise, unjust
un-American, and unbecoming any but
an egotist and a bigot.
We confidently look to see this "Know
Nothing" party soon No- Where!
Gody's Lady's Book.?This magazine
for May has already been received. It is
a perfect Spring number?containing eve
rything that a lady may desire to com
plete her Spring toilet. The latest and
most beautiful fashions?Undersleeves,
Mantillas, Bonnets, Dresses and diagrams,
Night Dresses, Receipes, Working Pat
terns of Crochet, <fec., Embroideries, &c.
For gentlemen?Farm Houses, New Re
velations of an . Old Country, Cottage
Furniture, ifcc. For Juveniles?Drawing
Copies, Watch Pockets and Slippers, and
good reading for everybody .
This number will be sent to any per
son upon forwarding 25 cents 10 L. A.
Gody, Philadelph ia.
Emigrants.?Three wagons containing
as many families, passed through this
place last week, fot the West. They
weie from Barbour county, and were go
ing to Iowa. The men were sturdy-look
ing tillers of the soil; their wives fine
matronly looking women that would
make any man's home attractive, while
the children, of which there were a good
ly number, were the picture of health and
sprightliness. It is such material as this
that has made the great west what it is.
The Circuit Court.?This court has
been in session during the past week,
Judge Camden on the bench. We can
not give our readers a report of its pro
ceedings for the reasons that we have not
the time to regularly attend its sessions,
and the clerk charges us ten cents for eve
ry case examined, if we look over his re
cord to obtain for publication, any of the
proceedings of the Court. So our read
ers will please not attach all the blame o?
their not receiving the proceedings of the
Circuit Court to us.
Any suggestions wnich may be in
duced by an examination of the tables of
the United Jtates Census for this or any
county or town in the Slate, should be
forwarded at an early day, to Mr. DjsBow,
Superintendent of the Census Office at'
Washington, with a view to the correct
ness of other publications irom that Of
Newspaper Postage.?.The following
information, which was.obtained from the
Post Office Department by the Howard
countj Gazette, will be interesting to
postmasters and others. It will be seen:
that persons living in this county are enti
tled to receive the Register free of post
age, although they receive it at an office
located in another county. The postmas
ter gets ten cents and four mills per an
num for his trouble, or two mills for eve
ry single-copy he delivers?to be paid at
1st. You ask whether a subscriber
to a weekly newspaper, residing in the
county in which said paper is published,
is entitled to receive such paper fronf the
nearest post office in an adjoining coun
ty, free of postage ? I answer in the af
firmative. He is, provided such paper, is
printed as well as published in the afore
said county : and also, provided that the
office is that at which such subscriber
usually receives his other mail matter.?
See sec. 2d of the act of 1852, which says:
" Publishers of weekly newspapers may
send to each actual subscriber within the
counties where their papers are printed
and published, one copy thereof free of
2d. You ask are not postmasters who
distribute such papers, entitled to a cer
tain amount, and what that amount is ??
I answer that postmasters arc entitled to
two mills for the delivery of each paper
of this description to actual subscribers.
3d. You ask, is not that sum paid by
the Post office Department ? It is, pro
vided the papers are properly entered up
on the transcript, as required by the in
structions of the Auditor for the Post Of
Post-Office Affairs.?The site of the
office at French town, Lewis county, Va.,
is changed. Joseph Groves appointed
postmaster vice, Samuel T. Tolbert, re
Appointments.?Win L. Stolnaker,
postmaster at Ke Kalb, Gilmer county,
Va., vice David D. Wilson resigned, Ro
bert W. Lowther, postmaster at Oxford,
Ritchie county, Va., vice John Shannon
resigned. Marquis G. Patton, postmas
ter at West Milford, Harrison county, Va.,
vice Eppa T. Bartlett.
Ladies' Repository-.?Wc return our
thanks for the back number of this ma
gazine accompanying the May nnmber.
The Repository is certainly worthy the
patronage of all lovers of chaste literature.
A Russian Miracle.?The Russian pa
pers gravely relate a miraculous appear
ance of the Blessed Virgin, during one of
the recent conflicts on the Asiatic fron
tier of Turkey. She is said to have been
seen by the combatants on both sides, in
the attitude of blessiug the Russian sol
The consequence was, that they were
inspired with supernatural and irresistabl
valor; and that, (still more wonderful}
a number of infidel Moslems were con
verted to "the orthodox faith."
lhe blessings of the Blessed Virgin
can't be worth much, a3 the Russians
have almost invariably been badly lick
We have frequently published ar
ticles on the benefit of advertisin". We
now give our readers one on the best way
of doing it, and commend is to those who
have been dissatisfied with the adverti
sing experience : if any such exist. The
article is from the Fairmont Republi
Last week we took occasion to say sonic
thing on the importance of advertising?
This week we will offer something as to
the best plan of doing so. Something by
the way, which does not seem entirely un
derstood by many who advertise a good
deal. In the first place at least half the
advertisements one seesin a paper are
made too long. This is no great reason
for complaint on the printers part, to be
sure for we charge by the square, and
the longer the advertisement, the moie
of course, our bill for its insertion. Nei
ther is it a matter of particular advantage
for us to fill our columns up with such
long advertisements, for each one crowds
out one or more shorter ones, that would
pay for its proportion of room. But while
the matter of length or brevity is thus
made indifferent to the printer, it is not
so to either readers or advertisers. These
last want their advertisements to be read.
By making them too long they defeat
I tins purpose, in nine cases out of ten be
cause people will not bother over lengthy
advertisements, any more than a man on
a journey would stop at the mile posts
along his road to read the country's his
tory, if that of every mile were carved
upon the stone at its end. The number!
of miles past or before the traveller he ?
would read at a glance, if so inscribed to
catch his eye at once. With nothing else I
on the stone or finger board he would!
think the distance inscription enough - for'
this would be all he desired to know?''
! These sought for facts would alone be
j rea,d, if put at the beginning, middle, on
, end of an hour's reading of other matter'
! Pr?v,d.ed l?.>ese facts were by any means
I so distinguished as to be got right at with
j out wasting time to pick them out from
! the other and uncafed for matter. If DOt
; except in a case of extreme doubt not
i one traveller in fifty would be be l'ikely
; to stop to read a word ; but would give
> just the information he wanted. So with
i the readers of advertisements. Those j
who look at them all, mostly look to find
some particular thing advertised, and do
not like to pore, by the half hour, over
bungling attempts to thank the communi
ty for past favors, or to ask a continuance
of the same, before they can find out
whether you can supply them with a keg
of nails, a summr hat or a pair of boots
If you have anything to sell, say so at
once, in and the fewest words. If six, or at'
most a dozen lines, will not state aH you
can offer, cut it all off at tLat and put the
rest in another column. Don't fool away
time and money in telling the public how
much you are obliged to them (or it) for
past patronage, and how much you desire
its continuance. You are under no obli
gallon for patronage. If the community
has been buying your wares it has v.been
because they were wanted by those who
purchased, mor^ than they wanted the
money given you for them.
All they want of you, is, the benefit
they can derive from your wares or ser
vices. All they want of your advertise
ment is to know wherein or wherewith
you are prepared to serve them. There
fore, cut your advertisement down to a
point before you stick it in the paper.?
State at once your business?your place
your business?and what advantages, if
any, you can give orer ycur competitors.
To avoid the very error we have poin
ted out?too great length?we clSSe Jfere
for the present, and will finish next week.
Nobtii Western Virginia Academt.?
The Clarksburg Register gives a very fa
vorable account of the Northwestern Vir
ginia Academy, as exhibited in the late
examination of the students. The Rev.
Alexander Martin, who has for nearly
three years past, been principal of that
valuable institution, at thfe close of the
late session, tendered his resignation,
which has been accepted by the Board of
Trustees. Mr. Martin, it is known, con
sented to occupy the position lie has fil
led with so much ability, usefulness and
satisfaction to the friends of the Acade
my, on the condition that he should be at
liberty to resign it whenever a suitable
successor could be procured. The Trus
tees secured the services as principal of
Rev. R. A. Arthur, who has acquired an
enviable reputation as an accomplished
and successful teacher. The Board of
Trustees have, we think, been peculiarly
fortunate in procuring a succession of so
excellent teachers for their flourishing in
Mr. Arthur has left our city and taken
his place as the principal of the above in
stitution, and we prophesy for it an envia
ble career of usefulness and honor. Mr.
A.. is thoroughly educated, and well
adapted in manner and character, to im
press a high character of intelligence, dig
nity and virtue upon his pupils. We
hope to see that institution the most flour
ishing in Virginia. We are sure it will
deserve to be.? Wheeling Gaz.
Scene on Board the Ship Underwri
ter.?We announced yesterday that the
passengers of the ship Underwriter which
went ashore below New York on Tuesday
morning, had all been rescued. They
numbered 640 and suffered severely du
ring the gale. The N. Y. Times says:
Among the sufferers, the great majo
rity were females, whose cries for water,
whose moanings and appeals for help
were heart-rending. But all this was as
nothing when compared with what trans
pired when the vessel struck. Those
who were out of their berths ran about
wildly, some striving to reach the deck
and grasping at anything which they ima
gined would aid them in the water.?
Those who were in the berths, although
before she struck they could not have
been induced to move to help themselves,
now sprang from their beds, almost na
ked, shrieking, tearing their hair, and
calling frantically for those most dear to
All were impressed with the belief that
the vessel was about to sink, and they
would be lost. Prayers, as fervent and
as heartfelt as ever were addressed to the
Throne of Grace, were now offered up by
a portion of those who deemed all at
tempts to save themselves useless. Oth
ers were frantic, and amid their cries for
help, used expressions terrible, in view of
the danger that surrounded them. But
the vessel did not go down, and after a
time they became exhausted by their ex
citement, and comparative quietness was
the consequence, and they were finally
Late and Interesting froii China.
By way of San Francisco, we have dates
from Hong Kong to Jan. 20. The British
ship of war Hermes had had several en
gagements on the coasts with pirates.
On the 25th of November, she captured
22 pirate junks, 19 of which were filled
with guns, spears, powder and stink-pots.
All these vessels were immediately set
on fire and destroyed. Subsequently se
veral severe fights occurred between the
pirates and the Hermes, but the latter
came off victor ious, and in ten days demo
lished a formidable fleet of 40 junks, man
ned with 1200 men, and carrying one
hundred and fifty-five guns, forty-ei"ht
of which were twelve pounders, and ~se
venteen eighteen pounders.
The China Mail says that notwithstan
ding the revolution, the exports of tea
were several millions of pounds more this
^.?.ar "lan 'ast> w'iile the total export of
silk has been more than double that of
any previous half year?the disturbances
bein-j now found to augment the stock of
"Thysams" (silk) offered for sale.
At the end of October the rebels were
only six miles from Peking, and every
bridge they crossed was immediately de
stroyed by them, so that there was no
turning back. The government had re
moved the capital to Moukden.
There was a large gathering of unru
y spirits at Canton, and a fight was dai
/n,nEeCvr(1 a? -ake p,acc between them
ana the Mandarian soldiery.
The British Envoy had notified English
residents in China to abstain from all acts
thlCm- H to create even a suspicion in
the minds of the Chinese that they have
violated a strict neutrality
Ge?rge further **7*' he will, if ne
cessity requires it, unhesitatingly pass
any ordinance for the deportation of any
tr?ffi?V JeCtS Wh? mnf be dieted of
of She h"p lnmunuions of *ar with either
of the behgerent parties.
Nanking presents more the appearance
thin the walls have not been destroyed
but bear traces of having been vioS
broken open. The disposition of the
Kwang-se revolutionists towards foreiVn
ther* tCJ'ded,y Wendly?the term "bro
tlJHE ?ARK,IV?AL AT R,? Janerio.?In
pres^ed'nJtK raZii' the Carnival is ex
pressed into three days, and the amuse
with w??f'StS m throwing wax ba?8 filled
vaT? (,a .1! uPon every one you can. To
ary this lighter fun, buckets or tubs full
of water are also used, and many lr\~"
go about with large syringes
thoroughly every one you can. g
A Singular Spring.?In Catawba,
of a ravine which i? flanked by two paral
neighborhoo d has the BdfiS'r-of
He had killed * deer on the spot, and
was proceeding to skin, when the spring,
which till this moment had been invisi
ble, came pouring forfh a torrent at his
feet. Not knowiug what should next
take place, he left his gamo and fled with
all speed to the nearest settler. _^In^ tlie
course of a few hours?:or, perhaps a day
?they ventured buck?found the spring
dry, but before their departure, sa.\\r it
again flow'and gradually ebb until it Was
no lougcr seen, Since that time, its regu
lar ebbs and flows have been witnessed
by hundreds.?Lewisbutg Chronicle.
Mrs. StoWe is Trouble.?At n late
meeting of what they call in that State,
" the Massachusetts Council of Colored
Americans," the following resolutions
were adopted :
Resolved, That when Mrs. Stowe pro
mised tho colored people of this country
a large donation from the funds collected
from her friends and ours, in Europe, fir
the establishment of a school adapted to
our wants, we rejoice in the hope of great
and lasting good to our race from that no
Resolved, That her late refusal to roak e
that contribution in aid of our elevation,
has filled us with unfeigned regret and
mortification, and compells us to believe
that she has been acted upon by other in
fluences than the dictates of her own good
Better act honestly with your colored
" bredren and sistern," Madam Stowe.
Tub Ralroad Convention.?The Con
vention is to be held here jn tho 15th.
On the outside of this paper, we said that
the people of this county would agree to
have the Convention on the 12th, the day
suggested in Morgantown, or any other
day that mi_fht be fixed upon in the o'th
counties interested ; and so they would.
But we have since learned, that the 15th
of June has already been fixed upon iu
the river counties, and as none of the oth
ers have yet appointed delegates, the citi
zens of this place think it best to hfive it
understood that the Convention is to be
held on Thursday, the 15th of June.
What's tho object of this Convention,
Buffaloes.?As an item of news we
give an account, as ralated to us by Col.
Va'ilghan, of the number of buffaloes kill
ed anuually within the bounds of his agen
cy, where the American Fur Company
are operating and trading with the Indi
ans. He says he has taken some pains
to ascertain, and from the best informa
tion he can get, he intimates that the
number will not fall short of four hun
dred thousand. He says that not less
than 160,000 robes have been shipped by
the two companies trading within his
agency, within the last year. 150,000
arc destroyed, and a number of the hides
are used by the Indians to make their
lodges. Large numbers of the bufl'aloe
freeze or starve to death in winter, in the
snow banks which for months are found
in drifts of from fiivu to ten feet in depth,
and numbers of them are drowned in
crossing tho Missouri in large herds, by
crowding upon one another.
Mason and Dixon Link.?" What is
meant by Mason and Dixon's line ?"
asked a bright blue eyed girl of twelve
years of uge, when sitting at her father's
table a few evenings ago.
The answer was?
" It is a phrase usually employed to
describe the boundary between the Slave
and the free States."
" But why do they describe it in this
way ? " she inquired.
The answer rmy be worth giving to
some of our readers.
"In the seventh century, James II, of
England, then the Duke of York, gave
certain lands to Lord Baltimore and Win,
Penn, and a difficulty soon sprang up as
to the proper owner of these lands on the
Delaware. Again and again was the aT
fair carried into the courts, till in the year
1760, when George III, came to
the crown, the Lord Chancelorof Eng
land made a decision : but'new difficul
ties sprang up in drawing the boundary
lines. The Commissioners finally em
ployed Messieurs Mason and Dixon, who
had just returned from the Cape of Good
Hope, where they had been to observe
the transit of the Venus. v They succeeded
in establishing the line between Delaware
and Maryland, which has ever since been
called " Mason and Dixon's line."
[ Watchman and Reflector.
Filmore on Manifest Destint.?The
! Ex-President Filmore visited Vicksburg
on the 31th of March, and was entliusias:
tically received by men of all parlies.
Ho was escorted to his lodgings and wel
comed to the city by the Mayor. The
Vicksburg Sentinel says, " he spoke dfthis
| portion of the Mississippi valiy being the
i ' centre of the Republic ; not indeed the
| Republic with its present limits, for Can
j ada,' said he with a glow of feeling and
! kindling of the eye, we were glad to mark,
"is knocking for admittance ; and Mexi
co would be glad to come in, and without
saying whether it would be right or wrong,
we stand with open arms to receive them,
for it is the manifest destiny of this govern
ment to embrace the jchole North American
Now what will our whig friends in Vir
ginia say to this ? They have always
mocked at the pretentions of the manifest
destiny men. and yet Mr. Filmore has al
ways been their idol, and they havevworn.
by his name. He has left thorn "and gone
over to the enemy, will they still hug hi'm
to their hearts ? Or will they visit upon
him the same punishment which tbey
so lavishly bestowed upon others 1 We
care not which they do, but we are anx
i ious to know what they think of>thi9 mat
ter. We trust they may gratify our rea
sonable cuiiosity.?Richmond Enquirer.
A Petrified Man.?The Baltimore Ar
gus says one of the greatest cariosities
ever exhibited in that citycannow.be
seen at Carrol Hall. It is the body of a
man found on the Island.of Ichaboe, im
bedded in guano, and which is-now com'<
pletely petrified and turned into stone. It
is supposed ,lo hare lain -theifp one -buW
drfa years. - V =
\n NpPir UAME!fr--An interesting
n Parliament upon the war mes
mdi a discussion upon the relations of
and ?be United States to
From n I* P?iats of interest in
In ^e course
.... B.li, made
?' Most assuredly, U^QSS 8w q.
filled her engagements with u8
care that Cuba should no longer
grand aridHJWf?<\h^ s
slave trade, which she had undertaken to
To which Sir Ji^Q^ham officially res
pondedwaijsjU jiti-ilBi-i '.O H'T-qofKi
" Tli&tthough'he could .ndtnt all con
cur in- the > proposition' that,'by :tfiVy'of<cbl
latcral argument, we Were to hand over
Cuba to theSpited States, the^afcw
of our, cruisers, both on. the coast of Cuba
and on the coast of Africa, should< bfe; if
possible, augmented, and every'niWfts
used for securing the real co-operation of
the authorities of. Cuba." [Hear.]*
Mr. Cobdentook up the defense of the
[colleague, and made the following oraphat
ic declaration : , '
" Without saying one word nbaut the
expediency of giving Cuba to* the United
States, or assisting that" country to take
possession of tho island, lie thought. J t
would be greatly for the .interest of hu
manity, if the United Slates, or any other
power that would altogether, discounte
nance the slave trade, should possess it."
Such language as this is significant of
a great change of sentiment in th.q JSag
ish mind in referece.to the policy of any
interference between ^|ie ? United States
and Spain in reference to the acquisition
of Cuba. -i
~ ? : ' ' j
Tub Printing Offick School.?Mr.
Winthrop, in his recent lecture befote the
Mechanics' Association, made this remark
in regard to a printing office ftsia soliool:
" There is an atmosphere in im printing
office, which, somehow or other, puts no
tions into a boy's hend, tot) ; ao atmos
phere which is (\pt tp make quiok bjoftd
run quicker, and ? impulsive hearts run
higher, and aotive brains work harder,
umil. those who were only Indented to
sot up type for other % people's thoughts,
are suddenly found : insisting; on having
oihor people to setup typos for their
own thoughts." nu.'i<
Thb Cambl in America.?The^omit
tee on Oommeroe in the. Now York: Sen
ate have reported in favor of incorpora
ting the American Camel Company, The
purpose of the association is to introduce
the Asiatic oamel into the United States
for the various purpose of transportation.
The capital stock is fixed at one hundred
thousand dollars. < . .. T
JHTA. J. Hibbard recently obtained
a verdiot of ?1,000 against the New York
and Erie Railroad Company for boing
ejecte 1 from the cars on refusing a second
time to show his ticket to the conductor.
The plaintiff contended that conduotors
have no right to repeatedly demand of
passengers to show their tickets. The
verdiot has, of course, been appealed.from,
and case carried to a higher Couri,
Affairs in Utah.?The debt of Utal)
Territory amounts to $12,431, bub the
amount of taxes due and uncollected is'
is $16,086. The Legislature, to procure
a supply a fuel for the Saints, offers a re
ward of$1000 to any resident who will
discover a good ooal mine not less than a
foot and u half thick, and within forty
miles of the Capital. The Legislature has
also enacted a law that no decision of a
court, at any trial, shnll bo held as a pre
cedent on any other trial. / ! The Saints
have adopted a new alphabet, having 38>
letters in it, whioh arc: intended to repre
sent as many sounds. It will be used'in
the schools as soon as they oan get type
for it, though it is not intended to hbdliali
immediately the old alphabet.
Mononoaiibla and Ravexswood Rail
road.?A charter for this road waSgk*an
at tho last session of tho Virgihia legisla
ture, and. it is expected, we see it stated,
that it will be constructed with'the aid of'
Philadelphia and Baltimore oh the Mon
ongahela, to the Ohioriver, 40'miles be
low Parkersburg, and at Poraofy, on'tho
Ohio sido, connecting with Cincinnati in a
driect line, and also with the Kentucky
lines, entering at the mouth of Big Sandy.
From tho mouth of Hughes river, on the
Northwestern (Parkersburg) Railroad, to
Ravenswood, on the Ohio, the dis
tanced said to be only 41 or 42'miles.
The Philadelphia connection is to bo
by striking the Pennsylvania Central r6ad
at La', robe.
.. ??? ' i .J ;'! ? - "
Public Ladies; ?Mrs. Swisshelm, ibo '
Lady editor of the Pittsburg' Saturday
Visitor, in her last issue, says, with her
characteristic condor and simplicity :
" indisposition which has kept us jn'
our room * prevented our li'Uaring or
seeing Miss Brown while fcfie wis in
Pittsburg, and a sudden infitik of donips^
Lie cares proventod oar doing Hlieusual
amount of editorial work last week.-"
??id "j inoiUAqcsoa eiH
Fire in Fettbumah.?A gentlqmaiijWho.
came down from Fetterman on Thursday
night, informs us that a fire occurred
there that night which destroyed'three
dwelling houses and tw<j stores, and that
a building coniaining'some fifty barrels of
powder barely escaped destruction.
Tub L^t Cudah Dwiooltt.?Tba
r A.Hh 1 nrrirm I I niAn annnnnAna Anl'AcialItr
[ Washington TJpipn anDpiuj&a, editorially,
a fact, which beforo was onTy published
| a# a report. This is that a recen^ vjolegfc
( article in relation tp the President's, mes
sage about the Black Warrior
vuc vnpittiu \J CUW?o? ?v. t, way n ?? , i
was sanctioned by him. Not receiving _
satisfactory answer, the consul laid the
matter before the Captain of a-U. S. ves
sel, then in porti who, in conseqiicnce, re
fused to give the Spanish flag the usual
J,a L.- tin:
t3Ti- Watson Webb's mission to Eng
jl%i)d, itis said, is fo? the purpose of selling
the atock.of the QuyandoUe; Land, Oeal
and Iron Company of Western Virginia,"
among the LoAdoc faney stockjobber".
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