Newspaper Page Text
latform of the Northern Know-JJoth- ]
From the proceeding of a Know-Noth
ng Convention held ia Massachusetts, we
earn the principles cf the party there.
The Abolition Know-Nothing Lecturer.
Congressman Burlingame, (we copy the
report of the Boston Telegraph) was re
ceived with hearty applause :
He commenced by saying that in speak
ing for freedom he should not be choice
in the selection of terms by which to char
acterize slavery. Slavery had betrayed
as, and the time had come for an outra
ged people to express their sentiments in
language not to be misunderstood.
Mr. B. ascribed the origin of slavery to
Pope Martin V., who issued a bull sanction
ing African slavery. It was also sanctioned
by ttveral of his successors. It was brought
to this country under the cross and in the
garb of humanity; but it was never sanction
ed here by positive law.
He then asked what is slavery ? In the
language of Wesley, he would answer?
"The sum of all villanies." The fitness
?f this description was then shown by a
reference to facts. Our fathers hated it,
and hoped it would soon die away. But
cotton gave it a pecuniary power and the
?lave representation a political power,
which has controlled the whole country.
The idea of force being used by the South
to extend slavery was ridiculed. The
power of the South is a political one, and
with that she has smitten our commerce,
our manufactures, and every interest o!
freedom. , .
The means by which slavery has se
cured the control of the general govern
ment were then spoken of. The men oi
the South are men ol one idea, lney
make politics their study, while at the
North the reverso is true. He could not
Rtrree with Wendell Phillips in his plan of
dissolving the Union, nor with Ralph Wal
do Emerson in his proposition to parchase
the slaves, as a remedy for slavery .
If asked to state specifically what he
would do, he would answer? 1st, repeal
the Nebraska bill; 2d, repeal the fugxUvt
slave law; 3d, abolish slavery in the Dis
trict of Columbia; 4th, abolish the inter
State slave trade; next he would declare
that slavery should not spread .o one inch
of the territory of the Union; be would
then put tho government actual?y and per
manently on the side of freedom?by
which he meant that a bright-eyed boy in
Massachusetts should have as good a
chance for promotion in tho Navy as a boy
of one of the first families in Virginia.?
He would have judges who believed in a
higher law, and in an anti-slavery consti
tution, an anti-slavery Bible, and an anti
SlaHarving?thus denationalized slavery be
would not menace it in the States where it
exists, but would say to the States, it is
your local institution; hug it to your bo
soms until it destroys you. But he would
sav, you must let our freedom alone.?
r Applause.] If von but touch the hem
if lhe garment of freedom we will trams
pie you 10 the earth. [Loud applause.J
This i? the only position of repose, and
it must come to this.
He was encouraged by the recent elec
tions in the North, and he defended the
??W movement," which lie said was born
or Puritan BLOOD, and was against des
potism of all kinds. This new party should
be judosd, like others, by its fruits. It
has elected a champion of freedom to the U.
S Senate for four years, to fill the place
of a man who was false to freedom, and
not tru. to slavery. For himself he could
sav that so long as life dwelt in his bo
som, so long Wffuld he fight for liberty and
against slavery. Iu conclusion he ex
pressed the hope that soon the time might
eome when the sun should not rise on a
master, nor set on a slave.
Such are the sentiments of a recently
elected Know-Nothing Congressman, who
tells Southern men that the "new move
ment " i. e. Know-Nothingism, was origi
nated by Puritan (abolition) heads, and
was designed to bring about a day when
the sun will not shine on master or slave.
Let Southern men digest well these facts,
and say if they will give such an organi
sation Bid and comfort?if they will or
can give such ptinciples the grip, in the
light of day or at midnight.
But, stronger are the sentiments,^bold
er the views ot hostility to the South,
avowed by the Know-Nothing Senator
elcot, Henry W'lson, a precious Massa
chusetts demagogue and abolitionist. \\e
eopy from the same journal as above,
whiah is every where known to be tho
roughly wedded to higher-lawism. Hear
Mr. Chairmau and Ladies and Gentle*
mgn ;?This is not the time nor the place
for me to utter a word. You have listen
ed to the eloquence of my young friend,
AND HKRS TO'NIGUT I ENDORSE EVERT sen
timsst hs xias uttbred. In public or in
private life, in majorities or in minorities,
at home or abroad. I intend to die with
unrelenting hostility to slavery on my lips.
I make no compromise anywhere, at home
or abroad. I shall yield nothing of my
anti-slavery sentiments to advance my
own personal interests, to advance party
interest, or to meet the demands of any
Slate or section of our country. I hope
to be able to maintain on all occasions
these principles, to comprehend in my af
fections the whole country and tho people
of the whole country; and when I say the
whole country. 1 want every body to un
derstand that I include in that term Mas
sachusetts and the North. This is not the
lime for me to detain you. You have call
ed on me most unexpectedly to say a word,
and having done so. I will retire, thank
ing you for the honor of this occasion.
lhe re-election, too, of ]\ca. H. Seward
by the New York Legislature, where the
Know .Nothings had the control, is ano
ther most alarming sign for the South.
The Object or thk Northern Know
Nothings.?Col. Fayette McMuLleri, the
representative in(Congress from the Wash
ington district in this State, stated in a
publie speech a few days since, that in re
ply to an interrogatory which he propoun
<ied to the noted New Hampshire, Know-'
Nothing and Free Soiler, John P. Hale,!
to the object of the Know-Nothing organ
ization, Hale remarked that " we mean
TO ABOLITIONIZE thk SOUTH, amd WE IN
TEND to do it." Mr. Hale was subse
quently waited upon by several gentle
men, and to aM he made the same deela
ration.?South. Side Democrat.
jBJCEledion day to-morrow week.?
Dttooerdis, be at your pot/.
From tha ttlchmoad Enquirer.
Msssrs. Editors.?As thore seems to
be ft misunderstanding as regards the al
legianoe due to the Pope by Catholic* of
this country, I think it can be easily cor
rected by comparing spiritual and tempo
ral obligations with the obligations which
bind us to the Federal Government and
the particular Slats of which we are citi
The allegiance we owe to the Union
cannot conllict with that due to the State,
because the sphere of federal power is
different from the sphere of State author
ity. The federal powers can declare
war, make treaties, regulate commerce
<tc. The State has no such powers. In
such matters my allegiance is due to the
federal government. But as the State
has the power to regulate its domestic
concerns, I am bound to obey the laws of
the State in such matters.
Tho subject matter upon which the
two powers act being different, the o?*"
dlence due to the one cannot conflict
with our duty to the other, and in spiut
ual affairs, neither the Federal Govern
ment nor the State of Virginia has any
authority to establish, by law, any reli
gion, consequently I am free to adopt
any religion I please. t .
The subject of religion is not within tne
sphere of social power, hence the spirit
ual jurisdiction to which I Bubmit myselt
in spiritual affairs, can by no means con
flict with my obedience to the civil au
thorities, to which I amenable only in
civil matters. It has also been said, that
the Pope has power to absolve and dis
pense with the obligations of oaths.
Upon this subject, I need only call the
attention of every candid and reasonable
man to the following. This subject at
tracted the attention of tho British Gov
ernment pending the discussion of Cath
olic emancipation and for the purpose of
obtaining authoritive information. Mr.
Pitt, in 1787, propounded the follow
ing queries, to the principle Catholic
universities of France and Spain :
1st. Has the Pope or Cardinal, or any
body of men, or any individual of the
Church of Rome, auy civil authority,
power, jurisdiction, or pre-eminence
whatever, within the realms of England .
2d. Can tho Pope or Cardinals, or
any body of men, or any individual of
the Church of Rome, absolve or dispense
hU majesty's subjects from their oath of
allegiance under any pretext whatever ?
The Faculty of the University of Paris
answer as follows : ,
1st. Neither the Pope nor the Cardi
nals, nor any other person of the Church
of Rome, hath any oivil power, nor civil
jurisdiction, nor authority, nor pre-emi
nencc whatsoever, in any Kingdom con
sequently none in England?by reason 01
virtue of any authority, power, or pre
eminence of divine institution, inherent
in, or granted, or by any other means be
longing to the Church of Rome or the
2d. Nor can the Pope, Cardinals, nor
any body of men, nor any person of the
Church of Rome, by virtue of the Keys,
absolve or release the subjects of the
Kinc of England from their oath or allegi
? The Unireraities of Lounav, Louvato,
Salamanica, and Valledolid concurred
with the French University.
In 1826, the Catholic Bishops of Great
Britain made the following declaration :
'? No power in any Pope or Council,
or in any individual or body of men, in
vested with authority in the Catholic
Church, can make it lawful for a Catholic
to conGrm any falsehood by oath, or dis
pense with an oath, by which a Catholic
has confirmed his allegiance to his sove
reign, or any obligation of duty to a third
I might add more in testimony, but 1
deem this su ITicient for the cause of an
oppressed people. We know Catholics
perilled their lives and fortunes in the
causc of freedom. No Catholic has preach -
ed sedition from the pulpit. No Catholic
clergy was among the 3,000 who remon
strated against the passage of the Ne
As there has been no distinction made
by our Constitution belween Catholics
and other denominations, there should be
none. We should remember that the in
fant Catholic settlement of Maryland in
1649, first proclaimed to the world reli
gious toleration, and there it was first es
tablished by law. Catholicism was ever
the friend of civil liberty. Of what faith
was William Tell ? What Robert Bruce?
What Marco Bozzaris ? What William
Wallace ? For fourteen hundred years,
perched high above the clouds of the Ap
penines, the little Republic of San Marino,
founded by a Catholic Monk, and popula
ted exclusively by Catholics, had contin
ued to live, and lived yet, a monument
almost as old as the Church itself, of her
compatability with the most .ultra De
Llotgs, Va., May 1st.
SiONrKicAST.?What will be ihe feelings
| of Mr. Beale and his supporters when they
learn the estimate placed on him by their
Know-Nothing friends in the State of Mas
sachusetts ? Has it come to this, that any
portion of the people of Virginia will en
deavor to elect a man to the high and res
ponsible office of Lieutenant Goveruor who
is claimed by the fanatics of Massachu
setts as an Abolitionist. Far be it from
us to prefer this charge against Mr. Beale.
It is made not by us, but by his well
wishers in Massachusetts. He must hold
them responsible. Without intending ei
ther to make or endorse the charge, we
but repeat, for the information of the peo
ple of the Old Dominion, what the Know
Nothings of Massachusetts say of Mr.
Ueale. The Boston Post says :
"The Know-Nothing anti-slavery pa
pers here are representing Mr. Beale, the
Know-Nothing candidate for Lieutenant
Governor in Virginia, as a decided Abo
litionist. If he shall be chosen, it will be
claimed that Virginia is abolitionized."
Every mail brings us the news of large
witliilrawals from the Know-Nothing
camp* I11 Wirt, Jackson, Doddridge,
Gilmer, and Ritchie, the Democrats are
all leaving* the camp. They cannot go
Flournoy, ant! are ashamed to be found
actiag with theiY old enemies, the Whi.??,
ngainsi the Democracy and their candi
dates. A few nights since, fourteen with
drew from the Know-Nolbing council
in Weston and six from that ft* Buckhan
'? Kqual Right* and Equal Law*!"
CLAKKSBUKG, WEDNESDAY, MAY 16.18o5
DEMO CHAT IC TICKET.
HENRY A. WISE,
FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR,
E. W. M'COMAS,
FOR ATTORNEY GENERAL,
?. P. BOCOCK,
C. S. LEWIS,
FOR THE HOUSE OF DELEOATE3,
A. S. IIOLDEN.
Election, Thursday, 24tli.
Religious Notic*.?Tho funeral sermon of
Col. T. rf- PriM, will be proached at the Baptist
Church in this place, 011 next Sabbath, the 20th
inst., at 11 o'clock, A. M.
Mr. Cnrlilo in Ilnrbour County.
We never saw a man placcd in so em
barrassing a situation as was Mr. John S.
Carlile, the Kir.>w-Noihing candidate for
Congress, in Phillippi, on last Thursday.
The indignation of the people of Barbour
county at the political treachery and du
plicity of that gentleman was immense,
and manifested itself in every form short
of absolute insult. There were a few
Know-Nolhings-whigs who evinced some
friendship for him, and that was all.?
The great mass of the people, and parti
cularly his old Democratic friends, studi
ously avoided him, and when approached,
received him so coldly as to sensibly im
press upon his mind the feeling entertain
ed for him.
In commencing his address, his embar
rassment and confusion almost overcame
him. lie passionately appealed to the
people, who seemed but slightly disposed
to listen to him, to hear him. " Strike!"
he cxclaimed, " but hear me !" and out
of sheer compassion, a mr jority of people
remained in the Court House. Some
seven Know-Nothings stationed them
selves in the gajlcry, and sought to cheer
up their candidate by applauding him,
but this seemed only to add to his annoy
lion. J. M. Mason, who preceded Mr.
Carlile in an address, read the following
resolution which was passed by the Know
Nothing State Council for Western Vir
ginia, at Wheeling, and alluded to the
demoralizing effect and disgraceful results
attending the action of a similar commit
tee appointed by the Legislature of Mas
"Resolved, By this Council, that it be
the duty of the several sub-councils in
Western Virginia, to use the utmost dili
gence to have such men ele:ted to the
Legislature of the Stale, as will favor the
appointment of a committee appointed by
the proper authorities, to inspect the
Catholic nunneries of the State."
Mr. Carlile denied that any such reso
lution had been passed in Wheeling or
any other part of Virginia. Upon this
denial, the following was handed to Mr.
Mason, by a very respectable and intelli
gent young man of Preston county, upon
whose statement implicit confidence may j
" Hon. J. M. Mason:
" Tho resolutions 113 readbyyouas being passed
by tho Wheeling Council, are genu ink. and webe
TASSED. L WAS PRESENT AND ACTED AS SECRET ABr
or tiiat Council. Yours very truly,
I At about 6 o'clock, Mr. Lewis, the
[Democratic candidate for Congress, asked
Mr. Carlile to give way for a" moment to
enable him to make an announcement.?
He kindly complied with the request,when
Mr. Lewis stated that it was now too late
for him to reply that evening, but that he
had been granted the use of the Court
House for an hour, the next day, when
he would address the people.
Upon this announcement, nearly the
entire audience commenced leaving the
Court House, when their attention was
attracted by Dr. Reeves' asking Mr. Car
Hie certain questions which are explained
in the following statement:
Mr. Carlile will not go to Congress.
Philuppi, Va., May 11, 1855.
Mr. Cooper :?In the course of Mr. Car
lile's speech at this place yesterday, he
gave his reasons why he should not supw
port Mr. Wise, which were, in a few words,
that he (Mr. Wise) had grossly misrepre
sented and abused the party and its prin
ciples to which he ( Mr. Carlile ) now claim
ed an attachment to, and that under these
circumstances it could not reasonably be
expected that he should vote for Mr. Wise.
I paused, astonished at his inconsistency.
He had told me when at our last March
court, that he intended to vote for Mr.
Wise, nnd for many reasons; but princi
pally these?"that he was a friend, an
honorable, high-minded gentleman, and
a Democrat, whose course in the late C4)n
stitutipnal Convention was such that as a
western. Virginian, he could not forget it"
I called upon Mr. Carlile while be was
speakiagt to know if he had not told me
this. He denied ever having done so.
affirmed that it was so^-every word or it
true?and that respectable g?ntl??ef "
the county would certify that he had told
them likewise. But further yet? said he
in his conversation with me last March,
1 "if I had tbe money to spare, r should,
canvass the district for Mr. Wise; and to
cap the climax, he said thai should lie be
a candidate for Congress, and be elected,
and not receive the vox? of Ba.bboob,
d d if he would have a seat in Congress.
Well, he is a candidate for Congress, and
if he has told the truth, those of his friends
who desire that he should not be their
representative, will certainly attain the lull
enjoyment of their wish, for he will get
such a vote in Barbour county as he nev
er got before?too small for a recommen
dation elsewhere. Lewis will get from
four to six hundred majority. But such
a rebuke is justly due him. A short time
since he boasted of the good old Democ
racy of Barbour. He should never for
get them. They had made him what he
was. That rather than surrender one te
net of ibe Democratic party, he would suf
fer his arm to be severed from his body.
His associations were Democratic; his
friends, but a few months since, were his
old and best friends, and in their midst
Mr. Carlile was to be found. But alas .
a change has come over the spirit of his
dream.? When he visits us now, he is to
be seen in other company?among KnoW
Nothin'r-whigs?that class of politicians
who have hitherto looked upon him with
an eye of suspicion, as altogether unstable,
and not to be trusted in matters of public
policy. They now are the t>entleraen who
cheer him when he declares that his prin
ciples are purely Democratic !
They understand the game, and Mr.
Carlile thinks, I imagine, that he under
stands the game ; but Democrats through
out the district, I tell you that Barbour
understands the game also. Fiona the
time that Know-Nothingism first made Us
appearance among us, our people weie
wide awake, and recognized in its embrace
the doctrines and practices of whiggery
and abolitionism in disguise ; and notwith
standing Mr. Carlile's eloquent and touch
appeals, its doom is fixed, unalterably tix
ed, so far as Barbour is concerned. But
let the people read Mr. Carlile's consis
tency; he deserves to be known as a sound
I hoard John S. Carlile say when over here at
our last .March Court that if ho had fi vo hundred
dollars tliat he should canvass tho district tor
Mr. Wise. Ho did say so posUivoly
May 11th, 1355. I. lI.SXBICKt.tK.
I hoard JolinS. Carlile at our last March Court
say, that if ho had five hundred dollais he should
cauvass tho district for llonry A Wiso.
May 11th, 1855. W.D.F.JAKY IS.
T do hereby certify that John S. Carlile told ine,
durin" the present canvass, that ho should sup
port Mr. Wise. That Mr. Wise had sacriMced his
all in Eastern Va., and that Western Virginians
should support him. ... ,,rT..
May 11th,1S55. THOMASII. Illii-.
I heard Jno. S. Carlile when over at our last
March Court, say that ho would support Mr. Wiso.
May 11th, 1S55. jus. N. B. CBIM.
OvcBviEi-n, Barbour co.)
May 11th, 1S55. )
W hiic attending our last March court in I'hil
lippi, Mr. John S. Carlile, tho present Know-No
thinsr candidate for Congress, told me that he
should vote for Henry
In support of what I have said as re
gards the prospects of the canvass in this
county. I refer gentlemen throughout
the District, to any respectable Democrat
in the county. J AS. E. REEVES.
It will be borne in mind that Mr. Carlile
was a member of the Know-Nothing or
ganization at the time he declared him
self so warmly for Mr. Wise, lie was al
so a member when he wrote his letters to
Dr. Williams. In this county no one
will pretend to deny this. But to satisfy
those abroad who may not be cognizant
of the fact, we publish the following
statement by a young man of the highest
"I joined the order commonly known
as Know-Nothings, early last fall. I am
unable at this time to give the precise date
of Mr. Carlile's initiation, but think it was
during the month of November last. 1
am certain that Mr. Carlile was connected
with the order prior to the first of Janua
ry last. A. J. Jackson."
Mr. Wise nuil the Cilley Duel.
Wo last week briefly stated that Gov.
Johnson denied orer having aocused Mr
Wise of being the cause of the death of
Mr. Cilley, in a speech at this place. We
will now more fully give his language in
making this denial. He says : "the charge
is a flagrant misrepresentation of my rc.
marks on that subject. I said, in sub
stance, that immediately after the unfor
tunate occurrence took place, public opin
ion in Washington was against Mr. Wise;
that J. Q. Ada:ns charged Wise with be
ing'the murderer of Cilley, and said that
he had entered the halls of legislation
while the blood of Cilley was streaming
rom his fingers. In reply, Wise repel
led the charge indignantly, and proved to
the satisfaction of all, that Henry Clay
had managed and controlled the whole aT
fair, from beginning to end, and that he
(Wise) acted, while on the field, and pre
vious thereto, under written instructions
drawn up by Mr. Clay. From that mo
ment a reaction took place in the public
mind, and Mr. Wise stood honorably ac
We hare no doubt that many who as
sert that Gov. Johuson made this charge
I against Mr. Wise, sincerely believe what
they say. Their mind has probably con
fused what Mr. Johnson said was the lan
guage of J. Q. Adams, with his own re
marks on that occasion. We have con
versed with a number of gentlemen on
this subject, who say that the remarks of
Gov. Johnson, on the occasion above al
luded to, as weli as at other places, fully
exonerated Mr. Wise from all blame in his
connection with the Cilley duel.
An Editor Burnt Out.?We see by
the Parkersburg News, that the dwelling
of the editor of that paper has been burn
ed, and most of his furniture, clothing,
?Ice., upon which then was no insuranee,
destroyed. We sincerely sympathise with
Mr. Rhoads in bis loss.
FOREIGN INTERFERENCE-^ ,
Daring the past week the whole o? tins
portion of the'State has been flopped jffith
the ?? Cincinnati Weekly Timesi" the or
gan of Know-Nothingism in that city.-r?
The Times contains fourteen piotnres of
the world three-fourths submerged in
the ocean, with the American flag flying
at the top?one for each Congressional
District and the last dedicated to " the
women of Virginia"?intended to repre
sent, we suppose, that *' our country" has
been partially swamped by Know-Noth
ingism, and that the flag of Democracy
will yet retrieve the honor of America,
if ah extra exertion is not made by the
underground portion of the politicians.?
[What our ladies will think of being cou
pled with that concern we know not.]?
That this is the symbol intended, is partly
evinced by the fact that about eighteen
columns of this Ohio paper, is devoted to
Virginia politics !
What particular interest the Abolition
Know-Nothings of Ohio should feel in the
result of the election in Virginia, other
than the propagation of their infamous
doctrines, we cannot imagine, and must
therefore conclude that the assertion made
by the prominent abolitionists of the
North that Know-Nothingism is intended
to abolitionize the South is more than an
empty boast. But what is a most remar
kable feature, the Times all at once as
sumes a pro-slavery character, and proves,
or attempts to prove, that Know-?Tothing
ism is not antagonistic to the institutions
of the South. We were at a loss to under
stand the cause of this sudden change
of sentiment in the Times, until we saw
the following in the Cincinnati Daily En
quirer, which fully explain* the whole af
We have been assured, upon reliable
authority, in which the public and our
friends in the Old Diminion can place im
plicit reliance, that the Times concern of
this city, the Know-Nothing organ, is now
engaged in striking off twknti* thousand
copies of that paper, purporting to be
its regular issue, in which is attempted
to be proved that the Know-Nothing or
der is pro-slavery in its character through
out the free States. These papers are
TO BE SENT TO VIRGINIA FUR THE PURPOSE
OF INFLUENCING TI1E ELECTION THERE
which takes place on the 24th ult.
"The greatest care is taken at the of
fice NOT TO ALLOW ONE BS SEEN IN THIS VI*
cinitv, where its sentiments would be in
jurious to the Know-Nolhing cause, and
prejudicial to the interests of the paper.
Tins knavish trick its characteristic of the
Times which well deserves the reputa
tion it has gained of being the most un
scrupulous and profligate print in the Un
ion. 1 he plan of issuing a paper for one
meridian of country which its conductor
dare not circulate in another is so Infa
mous that it ought to meet from the pub
lic a substantial and material rebuke.
" We ask Ihe lovers of honesty and fair
dealing, what they think of such a proce
dure ? The end which is sought to be
gained is this. The Know-Nothing lea
ders and electioneerers will distrbute an
immense edition of this number of the
Times in Virginia, and point to the fact
that, being published in a free State, the
order must be pro-slavery, or one of its
organs would not inculcate such doctrines,
lliey will not tell the people, howeTer,
that it is got up forthe occasion,and that
not a single copy of it is allowed to be
SEEN IN THIS CIT1- WHERE IT IS DATED, We
assure the Democrats of Virginia that
such is the fact. Let them look out for
this edition of Times " Roorbacks" which
is coming, and put the brand of " spuri
ous" at once upon it. It is got up espe
cially for their market, and is dated where
it is not permitted to be circulated."
What think our people of this 1 are
they prepared to swallow the electioneer
ing statements of a paper that dare not
permit a copy to be seen in the place
where it is printed ? What do our
Know-Nothings who adopted a resolution
that none but a native of Virginia should
represent the order of this county, in the
Winchester Covention, think of this for
eign interference? Twentt thousand
copies of a paper printed in a State the
interests and sympathies of which are ini
mical to our institutions, and circulated
in our State, is the most direct and dan
gerous kind of interference !
But what means the following ominous
language directed to the Know-Nothings
of Virginia ?
" It will be the endeavor of our party
to put through at the next session of
Congress, over the veto of President
Pierce, some American measures and if
the Virginia delegation prove of the right
character, it can be done."
When the fact is considered that every
single man, that has yet been elected to
either house of Congress by the Know
Nothings, is an anti-Nebraska man, and
in favor of a repeal of the Fugitive Slave
Law, and that the most prominent of them
all, Mr. Burlingame, of Massachusetts,
has declared that we mnst have an anti
slavery Congress?an anti-slavery Consti
tution, and an anti-Slavery BIBLE !
and that the Nebraska bill host be repealed
that slavery must be abolished in the Dis
trict of Columbia, and that the Fugitive
Slave lata must bs repealed ! it is a natu
ral inference that thui are the measures
which the American party will endeavor
to put through at the next session of Con
gress, over the veto of the President, if the
Virginia delegation prove of the right
character, as it is well knon that Presi
dent Pierce will promptly veto any or all
of these measures, should they be foreed
We do not ask Virginians, but we ask
any constitutional, sound-minded man,
who is disposed to preserve the eompromi
ses upon which our government is hMfcl,
if they eaajud the enemies iroar gkmRii
TJniSn ,in destroying the bondt WilriS^^ld
it together.? * If they can sustain fvny
party thai will descend to such; degra^g
trickery to attain their objects, a'? 'his
been practised by the Know-Nothings
upon oar State ?
Hon. J. 31. Mason in PMHippi.
Hon. J. M. kason addressed the people
at Phillippi, Barbour county, on last
Thursday, the 10th inst. It was the first
day of the Circuit Court, which was at
tended by a large number of the sturdy
farmers of that county.
Mr. Mason spoke for three hours, and
during the whole time a marked attention
was paid him, which was only interrupted
by applause from the crowd. His speech
was an able and logical address, in which
the rise, progress, principles and results of
/he different political parties of this coun
try, were dispassionately discussed. In
his comments upon the new feature in par
ly politics which has recently manifested
itself in this country, he completely tore
Know Nothingism into shreds 'and frag
ments. He exposed the confliction of the
Know Nothing obligation with the Consti
tutions of the United States and'Virginia,
<fcc., proved that their practiced were not
in accordance with their pledges, and des
nounced the order as unworthy the confix
dence of any one.
We have not room for any thing like a
notice of his remarks, and ean only say
that Mr. Mason's speech was well receiv
ed by the people, who were universally
pleased with it. He made many warm'
personal friends and rendered the party
He speaks in Clarksburg to-day, Wed
Addresses were made in this place on
Monday last by Hon. Sam'I. L. Hays and
Col. K. J. Smith on the part of the Demo
cracy, and J. M. Jackson, Luther Hay
mond and G. W. Lurty, for the Knows
Nothings. Other business prevented us
froua hearing any of these gentlemen ens
tirely through. One of the speakers con
tended with much earnestness nnd zeal,
that the Democratic candidate for Gover
nor ought not to be trusted because he
had changed his politics, but forgot, pro
bably, to apply the same test to John M.
Patton, John S. Carlile, ^m. A. Harrison
and other Know Nothings.
"Oh, consistency ! thou art a jewel !"
There was another thing that must hare
struck the mind of all. The champions
of Know Nothingism were good old con
sistent and uncomprom'sing whigs, whose
Gist and most ardent desire in politics, has
always been the democratic party's defeat.
There are also some of this same class of
politicians in this country who will vote
for the whig portion of the Know-Nothing
ticket alone?discarding those who have
acted with tiio Democrats. What more
evidence is necessary to prove that the
great aim of /hat party is to break down
the Democracy ?
do.N'T im ir:
Our opponents, ppprehending an over
whelming defeat, not only in the Slate but
in the county, are endeavoring to trade off
one of their candidates to secure the elec
tion of the other. They are making over
tures to the friends of ono of our candi
dates to rote for him if they will vote for
Wm. A. Harrison. They are willing to
trade off Col. "Wtn. Johnson to defeat one
of our men. Let our friends not touch
that thing, but vote the whole ticket 1?
This will secure the election of every m.in
upon the Democratic ticket. If our friends
all vote, our entire ticket will be elected
by a very large majority. There is no
danger of a defeat if a full vote is polled.
Trading and staying at home are the on
ly things that can defeat us.
The Age of Progress copies our article
stating that Gov. Johnson denies having
accused Henry A. Wise of causing the
death of Cilley, and fays:
"We do not believe that Gov. Johnson
ever authorized you or any one else to
make the statement above attributed to
him. Wo challenge you to procure it."
Those in the habit of misrepresentation
and making gratuitous assertions, are first
to accuse others of it. Any person doubt*
ing our authority for making the statement
we did last week, and repeat in this pa
per, can have those doubts removed by
calling upon us.
Another Cooncil Slowed Oat.
Wo arc informed upon the most reliable au
thority that an entire Know-Nothing Council in
this county, numbering twenty-nine in embers,
withdrew one ntght last week. The president of
the Council called a stripling to temporarily oc
cupy the chair, while ho tendered his withdraw
al. He was followed by another, and another,
until the whole Council had withdrawn. The
temporary president said as they were all out of
tho order, and there was nothing from whieh
us could withdraw, he would "just grease and
slido !" And so they got
The editor of the Age is iuformed
that when the differences of honorable
men are satisfactorily adjusted by their
mutual friends, that there the matter cea
ses nmong gentlemen. A hireling that
be/rays and assaults his friends, and licks
the band that has chastised him, cannpt
be expected to appreciate the motives
that actuate such a course.
A correspondent in tbe Morgantown
Telegraph suggests that.the names of all
the votes east" at the coming electjoh be
published under the ticket for which, that
rote. was oast. This is somewhat rfnusu
al, but: if the people require it, we in^
1 poie f?%illbaYe tO"W4e^>?.
A Free-ITtgpt Better than a While Man.
After all, thq most patient research
and the rarest power of analyses and il
lustration cannot convey a perfecly ju?t
conception of the nature and effect of
any system or principle of public policy.
You must reduce the principle to practice'
and subject the system to ih^test of ac
tual experiment, before we be confi
dent that we thoroughly undwstand its
nature anaXbp?ratibri;^ ^sV<temark is
especially and emphatieai$lrue in re*
mg glimpses of ?< visible darkness"?
that shrouds itself in mystery and shrinks
from touch and .scrutiny.?th.t,.ey? the
grasp and exhibits a protean Variety of
shapes?Ii is impossible, .we say, to com
prehend.the nature of such, a th^g ?
: Know-Nothi ngism, by. mer% abstract con
ception.^ We give it opportunity to dis.
| play itself. You mtt st see it in full flow
er and fruit, and the a*we inay determine
j whether indeed it is the rank poison that
i men suspect it to be.
In Massachusetts, Know-Nothipgism it
ripe even to rottenness. And- what is it
! there ? Rank abolitionism of the bitterest
and deadliest sort.' It is the same in
New York, in Ohio, in Pennsylvania, in
Indiana and indeed ?n all the. States of
the North. This fact is undeniable.
Descending frona these general obser
vations to particular instances, we invite
the attention of the people of Virginia
to an illustration of Know-Notbingism,
which conveys a perfectly accural^ idea of
its spirit and essential nature.
Mr. D. L. Smith is the representative
of the county of Alleghany in the Lejrit
turo of Pennsylvania. He is a Know
Nothing, and is held in the highest es
teem by his party. He is in dead earn
est, and wants to reduce the professions
of his parly to instant and oompleto
-practice. Acoordingl y the Legislature
was hardly organized before he initiated
a movement of much consequenc'e a
movement which should by a single blow
overthrow the existi ng political system of
Pennsylvania, and on its ruins establish
Kno w-Nothingism in splendid and com
plete triumph. He proposed the enact
ment of a law in these words :
An Act to confer upon colored person* the riuht ?/
Sec. 1. Be it enacted, A-c., That from and ?ft?r
tho passage of tlii? uet, all colorcd or male person,
of Alrictin or mixrd extraction, who or* now, or
nmy heroaftor become residents of tlila Common
wealth, bo freemen, and nre hereby entitled to all
tho civil, religious aud politicul rights, as fully
and amply, to alt luteals and purpo*ea, aui the
ta.no lire enjoyed and held by any parson or per
sons, citizens of this Commonwealth.
Skc- 2. That so much of any law or laws semsy
b? iucom patibls with the provisions of this act
bo, und tlio sumo are hereby repealed.
Now, wo say this is Kno w-Notliingisra
in full flower. It is Know^Notbingism
in an in tcllectual as well as a politics)
sense. And wo assert that Mr. D. L.
Smith, of Alleghany, Pa., is the best rep
resentative ol Know-Nothingism that has
yet attracted the public eye. Here is an
Ignoramus who has eclipsed even Mr.
Kenneth Rayner. Could any body bill a
genuine Know-Nothing be so stupid,as to
attempt to confer the right of suffrar*
by an ordinary act of the Legislature ?
Is there any other man out aide the
lmow-Nothiug Order in the. State of
Pennsylvania who is ignorant of' the fol
lowing clause of its constitution 1
Amr. 111. Ssc. 1. Ju elections by the oitlzena
every white froenmu of the age of tweii(y-?n?
yo -in, having rosided In this Stale o no Veur.aud
in tho election district where he offers to Vote,
ton days immediately preceding such oloction.
and within two years paid a Stuie or co uoljr Ux,
.hall enjjy the rights of an oloctor.
.This is the intellectual aspect of Know*
Nothingism. But Mr. Smith's proposi
tion illustrates as wall the political spir
I he chief aim of Know-Nolhingism ii
to disfranchise tho foreign born popula
tion of the country, for the reason that
they are intellectually unfit for the enjoy
ment of the rights and privileges of free
men. But, at the samo time, Know
Nothingism proposes to elevate the Negro
to the dignity from which it would de
grade the white man 1 Knaw-Notbagism
proscribes and clothes.the free negro with
all the rights and proud distinction* of cit
zenbhip. I his is the statesmanship which
aiiptros to govern the godd old common
wealth of Virginia.
Ro. Johnston, Eiq.?"We t0PJ ^?fol
lowing from the Richmond Enquirer :
Tho Democracy havo evinced a Just regard for
tho best, intorest of tho State, in bringing for
ward some of the most distinguiahed men oftha
party for tho Legislature. Po rhapa no previous
period in tlio history of Virginia, was there aiich
urgent ncod of experience and ability ,in the conn
oils of the State. The affairs of the State are tan
doubtcdly in a critical condition, a nd unless tboy
are managed with skill and devotion, the publio
weal may sustain irreparable damages in the
course of tho next two yeara.
The Democracy of Harrison have p resented a
worthy candidate for the Legislature, in the
person of Mr. Robert Jobu?ton, who, as Aud
itor of Public Accounts and member of the
Board of Pnblio works, displayed eon spicnons
ability and fidelity in the nervico of the State,
and won for himself a high and ond nring repu
It in a cause of congratulation with every true
Virginian, that such a man will bo in thejpiblte
service, when matters of tueh Ugh ifiomftt will
be determined by the next Legislature.
The Prospxctb.?The Richmond En
quirer thus cpeaks of the prosaist* of the
democracy in the approaching May efee
tion for governor, dto.:
?' We hare never been deceived ln'j$nr
calculation* ; we have never exaggerted
onr own strength. We knout we slitll
triumph ; and we await the day of elec
tion with tbe composure and dignity of
"From personal observation we eia
attest the energy and enthusiasm of tlie
invincible democracy of the Tetitb le
gion. Oar correspondence, which Is sot
the fictitious fabrication of ori'r own sp?
prehension, but the spontaneous and t?*
liable expression of popular sentiment?
exhibits the feeling sind the purpose of
the democracy throughout the HState.?
Nqver was tbe democriuie partyla "Vir
ginia inspired with such zeal or animated
icb stern devotion-to duty. Tbetels
by-such , j.
neither luVewarmness. 'nor fear, nor trail
chery in our ranks. We are ? \m
victory, and, so help us God, we'
tW How can I^oOme, to know m;
by contemplation ; by action
duty, a^you will know yjtur val