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From tlw Richmond Eilqntrof.
Abolition Hypocrisy. The Norihern Ensign, a Scotoh paper, rive* the following details of the shocking irutaliiy perpetrated on the estates of the )uohesa of Sutherland : ? In a small house in Tubeg Skerray, n the parish of Tongue, lived a High ander and his wife, within less than a [uarter of a mile of the house in which, hey were born and brought up, and rhfoh their fathers still oocupied as ten kQts under the Duke of Sutherland, Mr. lobert Horsborough being factor. Short y before the occurrence which our con etaporary relates, Wm. M'Kay's wife ras confined of her fourth child, and was till in bed, and unfit to be removed from t. But, on the 26ih of June, a neighbor formed M'Kay that a party of law offi cers were coming to turn himself and fa mily out. The husband hastened to the louse to inform liia wife, and, of course, xmsole her. In an instant the messengor rt-ttms, with his party, were at the door; Iheir speaking wa3 heard by the poor wo man, and she begah to tremble ; cold per spir&tipn covered her body all over ; the officer came in, and soon cleared the house of every article of furniture ; and, lastly, ihe wife and her newly-born babe must be turned out too. The mid-wife remon strated, but in vaip. The law officers said they would be required to execute their commission. The poor woman was, lu spite of every remonstrance, doomed to be removed. These executioners of Justice had, they said, their instructions .?but, may it not be said, wanted the tenderness which would suggest to them the delicacy and danger of interfering jrltli a woman iu such a state ? They aurrounded her in the corner in which she lay, laid hold of the sheet or covering which was under her, carried her out o! the house, and placed her on the ground at a distance, and sped back to the worl of demolition ; dirots and cabors were thrown in all directions ; the hatchet cul down the couple-tree, and in a very Bliorl time the roof of the hut disappeared and eo did its destroyers. They had mort work of a kindred nature to perform thai day. _ In an agony of feeling, the husband ran off a distance of five miles to procurc medical aid, while his wife, with lier new born infant, lay on a little straw upon the ground, and it was not till night that, by the kindness of her poor neighbors, she and her children were deposited in ar empty barn. We cannot, except in some of our English law cruellies, recall sucl: a circumstance which has occasioned us deeper indignation than tho incidents o this painful narrative, nor one which de mends stricter investigation. In the for Bier we have, indeed, had cruelty in it: worst possible form, as far as the act! themselves are concerned. We can uu derstand the workhouse official, snatching perhaps from starvation by the salary h< receives, and eager to recommend himsel to his employers by an economizing us( of his functions, committing acts of inhu inanity at which one feels horrified. Bu that such things can take place under thi eyes of the Duchess of Sutherland, fills u with as much astonishment as pain. It i not many months since the ladies of Eng land appealed to their sisters in Amcrici on behalf of the poor blacks, imploring them to exert their influence to put ai end to the deplorable and shocking sys tem of slavery ; and the first name whicl the signature to that appeal bore, was thi name of the Duchess of Sutherland. Wil that woman look at home and think o poor William M'Kay's wife, carried in i sheet out of her hut, and laid, trembling on the ground, with her new born infan in her arms ?" xjiis is ine samo uucness ol Suther land, so heartlessly cold to the suffering! of the while slaves on her estates, who some time since, startled the sensibilities of lier sisters of the nobility and the ladioi of England, by her mock tears over lh< evils inflicted, by our Southern people, or imaginary "Uncle Tom's" three thousanc miles distant! The liblleous pictures o Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe aroused t"n< sympathies of the noblo lady and friend: lo such an extent, that Mrs. Stowe wai feted in their splendid palaces, her highlj colored work extolled as a true picture o the condition of master and slave in th< United States, and most inflammatory ap peals made publicly and privately, agains American slaveholders. The whole civil ized world was invokod to point the fingei of scorn at the American confederacy which would allow the comtamination o, slavery, had the Noblo Ladies, with the benevolent Duchess at their head, officious ly thrust themselves into our own domes tic institutions, and directly attempted tc inaugurate a movement in our midst, whose only fruit would have been tho an nihilation of vast property, and the con signment of millions of happy beings tc starvation and misery. This foreign in terference; and practical app\lcation ol Woman's Rights, was mot at the thres hold by our indignant people. One o( bur own gifted ladies stepped forth in de fence of her maligned country, and, with the power of eloquence, overthrew the flimsy creations of the over-excited foreign abolitionists in female garb. The name of the Duchess of Sutherland has been lost in the failure of exploded and Quix otic schemes, until it is now revived in the startling details of the gross outrage Upon humanity, set forth above. The world will look with amazement and hor ror upon an unparalleled barbarity prac tised on her own estate, and with the full knowledge find consent of the Noble Duchess whose tender sympathies are ex clusively devoted to the manufactured sufferings of slaves in the Southern States, thousands of miles distant. Public senti ment will demand, that she clear her own skirts of inhumanity to the suffering poor on her own premises, before she again venture upon a crusade of sympathy for American slaves. Americans in Paris.?Hon. Mr. Squire, our ex:minister to Nicaragua ; Hon. Dud ley Telden, of New York; Lewis Cass, Jr., our minister to Rome; Mr. Belmont, our minister to the Hague ; General Lee, U. S. Consul at Basle ; Major Carr, sec retary of the American Legation to China; Lt. Co). Tevis, (graduate of West Point) who has served with distinction in tho Turkish army in Asia ; Hon. Mike Walsh, ofNew York; Mr. Alston and Mr. Ham-< mond, of South Carolina; Mans. Wikoff and Buchanan Read, the painter poet,were all it) Paris about the 16th ult. - ? - JR3T A m?n of bo acouaat?a ready1 -?jnoDi$?d man. - - -t-~ - ! i From tho Parkorsburg News. The Star of the Kanawha VaUer. Our readers will re member/the' publi cation some time since of Ian account of the destruction of the Star of theKanaw La Valley Printing Office, whiclx was at^ tributed tq the work of an iricindiary. Since that time a meddlesome contribu tor of the Point Pleasant Republican, styled " Guleomus," has given to the public a false statement of the affair, in tending thereby to create the impression that tho burning was accidentally caused by one of the Editors of the paper. This niiscrable attempt was, however, quickly foiled by a statement of the facta, made by D. B. Washington, Eiq., the Demo- t cratic Elector for Putnam conuty during the late canvass, and whose name was prominently spoken of as a candidate for Congress?a perfectly reliable man. By way of explanation, wo insert his com? municatioQ entire. Buffalo, Sept. 12th, 1B55. Editors Independent Republican : Gknxlbmeh?I observe-in your paper under tho head of "Buffalo Items," a statement in regard to tho burning of the 'Star Office." The writer says that one of the Editors, together with another gen tleman, was up in the office the night before the fire, and jvas searching for some time in the drawor of the book case for a paper; that after some time the gentlemen came down and asked Mr. McCown for some matches, that he gave him some 0 or 10, and that he then went back, lit a candle, and after searching for some time longer in a drawer, closed it and left. He then drew the inference that the firo must have been communi cated to the papers at that time and it re mained there until one o'clock at night before it commenced burning. Now this is all plausible enough if true, but unfor 'I tunately, there is no truth in the state 11 mont. I am the gentleman referred to, who 1 went to tho office with Mr. Murrell, and 'I wo were not about the book caso at all. '?Jit was just after sundown, and I had a manuscript in my pocket which we wish ed to examine, and 1 observed to Mr. Murrell, that it was too dark in the office for me to see to read it without a light. We then searched fora match in the office, and finding none, I went down and asked Mr. McCown for ono. He gave me three. 1 went back and lit the candle, nfter us ing all the matches before succeeding to do so. Tho candle was then placed upon a stone top table. After reading the pa pers wo put the candle out and left; it was not quite dark in tho streets at that 1 time. We were not about the book case at all or near it with tho candle. D. B. Washington. Thoro are other circumstanccs in the case, which " Guleems" was careful not to relate. Threats, had repeatedly been made previous to the night of the fire, . that the office ought to be, and would be burned, by some Know-Nothing whose location was very near to the office. The occupants of the store immediately below ' I the office were insured at the time of the fire to an amount very nearly if not quite sufficient to cover their loss, the policy of which, we are informed was obtained but a very short time before the lire ; and we would not wish to be understood as ma king the slightest insinuation against the nrnnnntnrc wlion wo enrr i r% f tn nil i ability a fear of such a result, hastened their action in procuring the policy. The cause of the incendiarism was doubtless a spirit of hatred against the paper, because of its bold, able and unflinching opposi tion to Know-Nothingism and its follow ers. Public opinion, which is seldom wrong, so considers it, and abundance of circumstantial evidcnco goes far towards proving it. How far " Guleems" was in terested in attempting to create the im pression that the fire ,was not the work of an incendiary, we cannot tell ; but cer tain it i3 he has utterly failed in his de sign. Dropping this portion of the sub ject, wo are glad to herald the early re* appcarance of our contempory. The staunch Democracy of the Kanawha Val ley have come to the rescue of their " Star arrangmcnts have already been made for purchasing other printing mates rial, and in a very few weeks its light will again be seen. Wo commend it to the support of the entire district. Heartless Mother.?The Martins burg llepublican states that a female child supposed to be r.bout three weeks old, was left on Saturday morning last, upon the porch of Mr. Staub's Hotel in that town. It was clad in comfortable clothing, wrapped in a large shawl and stowed away in a willow basket. The express train going east passes this place a little before daylight, and it is supposed to havo been left by some person on the train. Laudanum had evidently been re sorted to in order to prevent the child from crying, and from the efl'octs of wo learn, it has not yet recovered. Heartless indeed ruust be the wretch who would not only abandon her offspring, but put in jeopardy its life by administer ing drugs to aid her in accomplishing her inhuman purpose. Mrs. Staub took the child in and kindly cared fo;' its wants for a day or two. when it was taken charge of by a lady,'of our town, with whom it will receive a mother's care. jCS^Rear Admiral the Hon. Win Per cy dted fit-London on the 6th ult. In 18T4j-enrly in the spring, he was appoint ed to the command of the Hermes, 20 guns, which vessel after having 25 killed and 24 wounded, in an unsuccessful at tack on Fort Boyer, Mobile, was set on fire and destroyed to prevent her falling into the hauds of the Americans, in Sept. of that year. Capt. Percy had under or ders at that time, besides his own ship, the Canon, 20, and Sophie and Childers, of 18 each. He was honorably acquited of all blame in the loss of the Hermes by a court martial. Inhuman Conouct.?A few days ago, Mr, and Mrs. Ovens died of yellow fever in Memphis, Tenn., leaving seven orphan children, who were subsequently remov ed to a house which had been rent ed specially for their accommodation. This gave offence to the residents in the vicinity of the house, and they foolishly, fearing that the children might commu nicate the disease to them, assembled to the number of 50, and after night, com pelled the poor orphans to evacuate the premises and go back to the house where \\v'~ ?-?nt8 died. " Equal Uiglitiand Equal Law*!" ILARKSBUltG, WEDXESDA.Y, XOV. 7, 1S53 The Buckhahnon Fire.?We copy, to lay, rather a full account of the destruc ive fire in Buckhannon, from the Weston [Ierald. We passed through that place )n Monday last, and learned many addi ional particulars. The fire broke out in .he garret of Cooper's Hotel, and was un ioubtedly the work of an incendiary.? About one-third of the whole town was turned, and being in the business part of :he place, amounts to at least ones half in value. It is truly a severe blow not only to the * town, but the whole county. The following estimate of :he losses, was furnished us by a citizen of Lhe place who has every opportunity of as certaining the amounts, and is probably aot far from correct. It was made later than that furnished the Herald. We have ao room for further particulars, to-day. Court-House, ?10,000 Poundstone & Cooper, 3,750 Bastable & Ilaselden, 3,750 las. Mullin, 3,300 L. D. Lorentz, 2,500 W. C. Carper, 2,500 D. S. Haselden, 2,000 M. J. Fogg, 1,000 J. & W. (i. Russell, 1,250 C. Covner, 850 [I. F.'Westfall, 000 D. D. T. Farnsworth, 900 I. S.Fisher, U00 Poundstone & Loudin, 500 Parsonage, 500 Lutos, Silversmith, 350 D.Tucker, 250 lv. Hopkins, 250 Jno. Hurst, 250 J. S. Smith, 250 It. Lf Brown, 200 Geo. Bastable, 350 A. D. Woodly,:^:- 350 T. A. Jannev, 150 F. Berlin, 150 Geo. Bodkin, 150 J. B. Strader, 150 A. M. Bastable, 150 J. D. Itnpp, 150 A.J.Snyder, 100 Watches & Jewelry in Lutes' shop. 250 D.S. Pinnell, 550 W. D. Farnsworth, 100 Furniture, ike. destroyed. 1,50C itf?" By the following correspondence it will be seen that Mr. llaymoud declines furnishing a copy of his address, delivered on the 18th ult., for publication. Clarksburg, Oct. 24th, 1055. Dear Brother :?The undersigned Committee, appointed by Adelphi Lodge Xo. '17, I. O. O. F. at its sessiuu the 23d inst., by a Resolution unanimously adop ted, request of you, for publication a copy of your address delivered on the 18tli inst., upon the occasion of our public pro cession. We therefore take pleasure in commu nicating the above resolution and earnest ly hope that a compliance therewith will meet your approbation. Yours in the bonds of Friendship, Love and Truth. (signed) G. G. Davis son. P. CllAPlN. C. W. Smith. J. IIursev. Nathan Goff. To Luther Jlaymond. Clarksburg, Va., October 2Gth, 1855. Dear Sirs and Brothers :?On my return home last evening, from a tempo rary absence, your note of the 24th, inst., was placed in my hands, requesting for publication a copy of the address deliver ed by mo on the 13th inst., upon the occasion of our public procession ; and expressing a hope that a compliance with the request may meet my approbation. Having encountered the embarrass ment of the delivery of the address, and not being aware of any merit rendering it worthy of publication?and not having prepared it with that view, I feel con strained to avoid any additional respon sibility in regard to the matter ; and most respectfully ask to be excused for decli ning to comply with your very flattering request. You will please make my acknowledg ments to the Lodge for the compliment ntended; and for the polite terms in ivliich it has been conveyed by yourselves, please accept my thanks. In F. L. & T. I remain, ifcc., LUTHER HAYMOND. Messrs. G. G. Davisson, P. CHAriN, C. NY. Smith, V Committee. J. Htjrset, Natiiah Goff, J Work3 of Noau Webster.?It is sup P<-=ed that with the exception of the Bible :he le^pngraphic works of Noah Web ster have^-j^e largest circulation of any jooks in the ^-ilish language. Nearly welve hundred thou.^ COpies of Web ster's Spelling book wen. by one firm n this city last year, and it ?? estimated ?hat more than ten times as many ,re sojj if Webster's Dictionaries as of any sfc.^,s n this country. Four fifths of all the school books published in the United States are said to own Webster as their standard. The State of New York has pla :ed 10,000 copies of Webster's Unabridg :d in as many of her public schools.? Massachusetts has, in like manner, sup >lied 3,348 of her schools ; and Wisconsin ind New Jersey all their schools. JC3T A Bedouin Arab stallion has just irrived in Philadelphia, of the celebrated vylan breed in Arabia. He is of gray dor, and four years old ; $10,000 has teen refused for him, and his owner re quires $12,500. The horse was 166 days >n shipboard, during which time he never aid down. He is aeid to be in excellent icolth. The Fiio in Bnckhanuon. p We give below the particulars of the recent destructive conflagration in the town of Backhannon. It ia taken from the Weston Herald, and is the only reli able information we have been able, as yet, to' obtain. We tender to the citi zens of our sister town, who have been called so suddenly to struggle with bo great and overwhelming a calamity, our deepest sympathy. Mb. Editor This evening our usual ly quiet village was visited- by a most destructive fire. About one o'clock, just after our citizens had returned from Church, a dense smoke was seen issuing from the roof of the Tavern building be>. longing to Cooper <fc Poundstone, and the Saddler's Shop owned by the same gentlemen, and occupied by Poundstone & Loudin, which was soon succeeded by an outburst of the devouring element as though it had been communicated be tween the ceiling and the roof. At the same time a strong wind was blowing from the North West which caused the flames to spead so rapidly that there was no possibility of extinguishing it until the building was entirely consum ed ; but before the roof had entirely fall en in, the fire was so rapid in its course, that it was communicated successively to the store-house of Dr. D. S. Pinnell and John L. Smith's Saddler's shop, and another corner building occupied by L. D. Lorentz, as a store, then to the Court House and to the store of Bastable & Haselden, to the store-house of Jas Mul lin, then to the store of Jos. D. Rapp, the store and dwelling-house belonging to Farnsworth & Ireland, the dwelling house belonging to Jas. Mullin's, and Ha selden's dwelling-house, which were all consumed, not leaving a single building of much value on Main street, running east and west from Woodley's Tavern to Dr. Spitler's dwelling, which two lat ter buildings were, with difficulty, sa ved. On the principal cross street, running north and south, all the buildings on both sides of the streets were consumed, from the dwelling-house belonging to Col. Brown, which was with difficulty saved, entirely down to the foot of the hill running in a southern direction. The following hastily prepared list is rrivRn of th<> nrincinnl RiifTnrnrs ? The Clothing and Confectionary store J belonging to John Hurst D. Pucker s Cabinet shop ; the Sheriff's office ; the hvelling of J. 13. Strader ; the dwelling of M. J? Fogg, occupied by Mr. Bodkin ; also the dwelling-house belonging to VVm. 0. Carper and occupied by F. Berlin, and .lie dwelling and Jewelry shop belonging ;o H. F. Westfall, and occupied by Mr. Lutz ; also the Parsonage and the office occupied bv G. W. it F. Berlin as a Law office ; the' stable on the Parsonage lot, and also a large stable belonging to Geo. Bastable, were, iu a few hours, reduced to ashes. Some of the merchants had just received a fresh supply of Goods, a portion, only, of which were saved. The loss of property must amount at least to some ?45.000 or ?50,000. The amount of insurance has not been entirely ascer tained, but will be about ?6 or 7000. Who, on viewing our quiet and thriving little village, this delightful morning, sould have predicted that before the set ling sun, so large a part of our town would be reduced to a heap of ruins.? And who could view, especially at this season of the year, when winter is just setting in, so many of our estimable citt zens turned out of house and home, with out a feeling of sorrow, as they turned away with tearful eyes, from their ruined tlwellings, exclaiming, " there is the last of my all on earth, my once sweet home." At present there is too much excitement to ascertain, with any degree of certainty, whether the fire was the result of accident or otherwise. A. S.?A CITIZEN. Buckiiannon, Upshur; Oct. 23. P. S.?In addition to the buildings above enumerated, that are destroyed, we have to add the following : The Law Office of W. C. Carper, with ts contents, library, papers, &c. ; Fish >r's Law office, library and papers, and Dr. I'innell's Office, with library, medi ;ines, &c. The saddlery belonging to Loudin <fc Poundstone, with its contents, stock and tools, and the Saddlery belong ng to John Smith, the stock and tools of which were principally saved. The new juilding occupied by N. Cookman as Conf ectionary store, was also destroyed. Tho whole number of buildings de :troyod is tliirty-two, including six Dry 3oods and one Clothing Store, all in the hort space of two hours. A. S. Buckhannon, Nov. 2. The following estimate of the loss of iach has been furnished us by a friend, ind the probability is that it has been un lerestimated : Cooper and Poundstone, ?3,500, 'oudstone and Loudin, ?500 ; D. b. Pin ell, ?1,000 ; L. D. Lorentz, ?2,500; partly insured) Bastable & Haselden, >6,000, (partly insured) James Mullins, ?>5,000, (partly insured) J. D.Rapp,?l, 00, D. D. T. Farnsworth, ?2,000, (partly asured) John L. Smith, ?100,M.J. Fogg, >1,500, W. C. Carper, ?3,500, F. Ber in, ?500, H. F. Westfall, ?1.000, Mr. jUtz, ?500, Rev. Mr. Lyda, ?500, J. B. itrader, ?500, Court House, ?10,000, Ir. Tucker, ?1,000, John Hurst. ?500, 'arsonage House, ?300, A. D. oodley, >300, Mr.Bodkin, ?500, R. L. B. Hevner, ;300, R. L. Brown, ?300, J. <fe G. W. tussell, ?1,500, J. S. Fisher, ?1,000, Vm. D. Farnswrth, ?100, K. Hopkins, 00. The Bridge Across the Susquehana. -According to the Lancaster Intelligen construction of this bridge is de lyetT^o dispute between the Railroad nd the tvC, ?Water Canal companies. ?be latter requtfvjj.hat the former should, t its own expense, a tow path be ow the bridge. This ^^fjnally assent d to by the railroad compaby^Q order o avoid a law suit, but as wners along the river demanded itant sums for the right of way, the rosecution of the work was suspended or the present. Xn the mean time, the tone for the piers and abutments is being apidly prepared ; and as the new iron srry boat crosses the river in near about be same time that the train could cross be bridge, travelers will meet with no leoirw&nieace. A Singular Case. Some time iihtlie month of August last, Mrs. Rice1B. Haislop, of this city, was visiting some friends in Caroline county, during which period she was induced to go in a buggy in company with a relative named Jas. ,"H. aloore, to visit an uncle.' They accordingly started, with her chil drep ; but Moore instead of going t(^ the place designated, drove on to Lloyd's, Jin Essex county, and stopped at a house where they were refused accommodation. Mrs. H. finally procured passage to Bal timore, and thence to City Point, Va., from which place she got back to Rich mond. Her husband in the meantime suffered intensely, and as there was much mystery connected with the affair, he made some movement towards an appli cation for divorce. How this matter eventuated we have never been informed; but it is true that Mrs. H. and her hus band have latterly resided under the same roof in our ciiy. And it is likely that no blame whatever could attach to the lady. In the progress of time, Moore also came to Richmond and renewed his an noyances,greatly to the interruption of Mr. Haislop's domestic peace. Not more than a week or two since, he employed one of Mr. Ballard's servants to get at night to Mrs. Haislop's place of residence with a re quest that she would immediately join him at the Exchange Hotel. Mr. Haislop for witli went to the door of his dwelling and saw Moore standing near the fence. He gave chase and pursued his tormentor ns far Oregon Hill, where he took refuge in a house and was lost sight of. It is sta ted he was lowered from the upper win dows of this house by means of blankets and enabled to make his escape. Mrs. Haislop, to rid herself of Moore's impor tunities, went to a magistrate in Henrico county, and procured a warrant for his arrest ; but this matter was not pressed, in consequence of subsequent events. Moore next mediated suicide ; and we hear of him a day or two afterwards un der the hands of a physician, who suc ceeded in relieving his system of some two or three onces of laudanum and saving his life. Despairing now of possessing him self of the object of his affections while her lawful husband lived, he determined to restore to what he perhaps considered a genteel way of putting Mr. Haislop out out of the way, or perchance of falling a victim himself and perishing bravely. So he indited and sent a challenge to mortal combat, of which the following is a copy: "Sir: I will meet you on Monday morning, Oct. 8th, 1855, at any place you chose to name?with any kinds of weapons you chose to name also. You can send me an answer by the bearer whether vou will li?'ht or not. I consid^. * ^ er you a coward if you do not axcept. J. II. Moore. " To Rice B. Haislop. " P. S.?I have chosen my seconds. J. M. H." Mr. Ilaislop went directly to justice Tyler, of Henrico county, procure a war^ rant and had Moore arrested. A.n examina tion was had on Monday night, and Moore was committed to the county jail, to await an indictment of the Qrandy Jury on a charge of misdemeanor.?Richmond Wkbj. Pathetic Scene. The Milwankie American says a most touching occurrence of day before yes terday, is still in our memory : The wife of one of our sailors on the recent wreck was upon the deck with an infant, only three weeks old, in her arms, to learn if her husband was alive or drowned. She was in a state bordering on frenzy. On being told that he was dead, she gave one long sob of gony, while the blue eyes of the babe were turned similiogly to her face, and cried in accent of the most heart-thrilling despair, *' Oh, is he gone, am I alone?is he dead, drowned ? Is my man gone, and will he never come to mc ? In this state she returned to her desolate home ; no one ventured to olfer words of sympathy ; for it seemed utter ly useless, and a mockery The light and warmth of this poor woman's life had gone out forever. All the long hours she sat rocking to and fro, till midnight. Then C O she heard a feeble step and a knock at the door, said " Who's there ?" " It is I," the familiar voice replied. She gave a scream of joy and admitted her hus band. Nothing could exceed the wo man's frantic delight. She threw her self upon the floor and wept, and clung to her husbands neck ; and laughed till the tears came again. Such a re-union was a foretaste of Heaven. Love like this can but be repaid with a lifetimo of de votion. The sailor it seems, had left the wreck and at the imminent peril of his life, reached the shore, and he walked twenty miles ere he reached his homo. Modern Discovert.?In the course of a lengthy and able article in the New York Tribune we find the following sum ming up of the achievments of discoverers within the last quarter of a 'century : " Within the last twenty-five years all the principal features of the geography of our own vast interior regions have been accurately determined ; the greater fields of Central Asia have been traversed in various directions, from Bokhara and Ox us to the Chinese wall ; the half-known river systems of South America have been explored and surveyed ; the icy continent around the Southern Pole has been dis covered ; the Northwestern Passage, the ignus-fatus of nearly two centuries, is, at last, found ; the Dead Sea is striped of its fabulous terrors; the course of the Nigre is no longer a myth, and the sublime se^ cret of the Nile is almost wrested from his keeping. The mountains of the Moon, songht for through two thousand years, have been beheld by a Caucasian eye ; an English steamer has ascended the Chadda to the frontiers of the great King dom of Bornou; Leichard and Stuart have penetrated the wilderness of Aus tralia ; the Russians have descended from Irkoulsk to the mouth of the Amoor; the antiquated walls of Chinese prejudice have been cracked and are fast tumbling down, and the canvass screens which surrounded Japan have been cut by the sharp edge of ^Smerican enterprise. Such are the prin clPta-??6ults of modern exploration. What qua century, since the formation of the earth the boundaries of its "u v fWere known, can ex I mbifc such a list of >? f MST Would you be pop^K-_t*kr? the Golden Rule your j guide; President the Baltimore Republican.^ contains ii truthful account of the ofiicial habits of J President Pierce. Those wh6" are acr i quaiated with the amount of daily labor < performed by him, and who are aware of 1 the few opportunities he enjoys ior recre- i ation, are not surprisad that bis health is 1 occasionally much impaired. This mayt ' no doubt, be attributed in part to the ft- I ally unhealthy location^*of the White I House as a residence during the summer < months. Chilis and fevers grow so reg- i ularly at that locality that they are now . looked for by the occupants of the house 1 as a matter of course. We understand i that very'few of those now belonging to < the President's family have escaped this < summer. It seems to us that Congress might well make provision for a summer i residence for the Chief Magistrate which J would secure to him and his family the < ordinary chances of good health. The I following is the extract referred to?Wa?h ?> Union. | " There never was an occupant of the j Presidential chair who more diligently J performed the multifarious duties pertain- i ing to it than General Pierce ; there never 1 was one who made himself so familiar by actual observation and investigation with the minutiae of the several executive de partments. Scarcely a day passes that, the President may not be seen in one or the i other departments, prosecuting some in quiry into official matters, and overlook- i ing the general transactions of the various ' bureaux; and so quiet are his visits, and < unobtrusive his demeanor, that a stranger '? could hardly distinguish him from the clerks among whom he moves. The vast and complicated machinery of the execu tive department never worked more smoothly and satisfactorily than undor the 1 present administration ; and this is owing to the watchful care and industry of the President and the heads of the depart ments." The New President of Liberia.?We have heretofore stated that Stephen A. Benson has been elected President of Li beria, in place of Mr. Roberts, who declin ed a re-election. The Maryland Coloni zation Journal thus speaks of his father : " James Benson, the father of the Pres ident elect, emigrated to Liberia in 1822. He was a free man, raised in Dorchester county, where many of the people well re member him as 'Steady James.' We be lieve he resided in Baltimore some few years before he emigrated ; at any rate he was well known to the colored people here. He together with his family, a wife and some four or five children, formod part of the small expedition of the brig Strong, which mailed from Baltimore in May, 1823, having on board the Rev. Jehudi Ashman, afterwards so famous ns the Governor of Liberia. James Benson, after his arrival in Li beria, became a prominent citizen, a lead ing Merchant in Bossa, and in 1834 join ed the American expedition for the settle ment of Cape Palmas, where the first house was built by him. He subsequent ly returned to Bassa, where he resided, highly respected, until the day of his death. Of the son, the new President, the Journal says: " With the son, Stephen A. Benson, we nre acquainted mainly through a business correspondence of some ten or twclvo years. His letters evince about the same literary acquirements as ordinary com merical correspondence, indicating re markably good scn.^e, and extreme fair ness and candor. Those who know him well, and they are many?Liberians and foreigners of character and distinction? speak of him as a gentleman in manners, of pleasing address, extremely modest and unassuming, of unimpeachable moral character, and sterling good sense nnd Magazine undeh the Rehan.?An cx :ract from a letter from Sebastopol, pro resses to show how the Redan escaped being blown up by tho Russians, like sther forts : A sapper who was exploring Lhe batteries of the Redan just as ths Rus sians were excavating tho town, discover ed a large cabcl which he cut in two by i blow of an axo, and then called the at .ention of the officers to it. On further examination, it was found to be a thick metalic wire covered with a coating of jutta percha. This wire led to a very arge powder magazine dug under the Redan, tho discovery of which made the lolJest tremble, when they thought of the 'rightful explosion from which they had :scaped. The wire came from across the .own as far as the sea, which it crossed '.o the other shore, from whence the elec tric spark was to be dispatched to set fire .o the volcano. It was discovered just at he nick of time, as the last soldiers had lot yet evacuated the town, when the forts alow up, one after the other, tilling the .renches with the ruins. The Careening rort, the Flagstaff Battery, the Central Bastion, the forts of the bay, the arsenals ind all the principal edifices, crumbled to .he ground beneath the combined action if shells, fire and mines. The Redan ind Malakoff alone remained upstanding. The former saved by the sapper as just mentioned, and the latter saved by a shell, which directed by providence, had ;ut the electric wire in two. Affectisq Sckkb.?Col. John Darring on, an officer of distinction in the war of 1812, died at his residence in Clarke county, Alabama, on the 12th ult. At lis burial his slaves collected in large num >ers near the grave, and one of them, an >ld man requested permission " to pray iver his old master." His fellow slaves ind fellow mourners joined him in a lymn which he gave out from memory, then he offered to the Throne of Mercy i prayer, which for deep pathos and pro ound humility and adoration, it is said, ?uld not be excelled. The tears of a arge concourse of white persons present showed how deeply they were moved by he fervor and earnestness of this gooc ild slave. Keitdai/l, cm Royal Rbatttt.-?Kendal >f the New Orleans Picayune, writes lome that the ladies in waiting upon Vic oria at Paris were "a distressingly home y set," nor does the profane republican xeat royalty any better. Listen to his lescription of the Princess Royal of Eng and. " She is a fat chubby and coats* specimen of a girl, a homely Elunsn of aer mother, who never set up any me ten sions to hnailtv that T am ????< "? " a the Artie SeaFew Philadelpbians f his age, says the North American, achieved a higher renowjaand have lone more honor to their country. His ife has been one series ^of fldventurous ravel and varied inoid^^uJCfliahUMfrffia-. erial sufficient for sevftal. '/olumes of hrilling jpiarj^cFrtfto^WJIiibVof hfe ntering thQjJnited. St5tes_Nasy .a^a, istant Sugeon in .1842, to hisJgaral at few York -on Jhursdfey^ cronrhecr with hel glory, of onQofthemoatdaring^pe litions of modern times?the discoverer if many cape's and b?y? amidst^Jpjost! ia iredible hardships?he. had ^oro|*ded his rears with deeds and incidents that- 'will Bcure for him a lasting fame and^faont ank among that fearless brotherhood of ixplorers, of whom Fremont has hitherto >een esteemed our most honored ^4pre? entative. In . China, amongthe piraUs >f the East Indian Archipdlaae, amB 'the ungles of Hindostan, contending, against he-savages of tho Sandwich Islands,'as lending the mysterious Nile as far }ho onGnes of Nubia, tr&versing Egypt and jrreece on foot among scenes " clad with listory," struggling with the terrible African fever, among the slave marts of iVhydah, fighting and bandaging woutads n Mexico, or daring tho icebergs and the )lasts of regions whore mercury froze and he light of the sun seldom shone?we >chold the same indomitable spirit and iool intelligent courage that only heroes how in the,presence of peril. Such, men, while they dontribute greatly sto increase >ur kuow ledge of the earth on Which wo ive, stand forth as noble examples for Vmerican youth. Dr. Kane is now but hirty^three years of age. 1 Man Forbidden to Dura the Dead ooujr ui ilia vr no. The Milwaukie American says that oi ty was thrown into the greatest exbho raenton the 19th instant by an attempt of a man there to burn the dead body of his wife. The story was as follows : A Russian by the name of Weil niar rted n woman who was a Brahamin in belief. IIu was possessed of wenlth, and both wqre persons of culturo. Sho sickened and died, and requested, accor ding to the faith of her fathers, that hi?r body should bo buruod. Pfcil had col lected sixteeu cords of wood, arranged it properly, and was about to perform the deed, when news of the fact was circula ted, creating intense excitement. Sherift- Conover proceeded at once to 1 Itil s houso and forbudc tho act Th? Russian asserted his right and duty to burn the body of his wife. " N0 Jaw forbids," sai.1 he, "my religion com inamls , I will do it." The body wa* in its cliroud ; tho torches prepared and all was ready to place it on the funeral pyro. il, ii 11 ? !? U? I)lace-" continued the Russian, ?< there i, uo law against il in >> iscon.sin." Rut tho sheriff took possession of the body, ordered a coffin, and rnado pre paration for a Christian burial. Tho crowd grew, and thronged around the houst.? Alarmed or afraid to persist, I'fejl ?aT0 Ins consent to a Christian burixl ?? You may order or hu/e what ceremonie. y?? pleaso.over the body;" 8aid sheriff Cono ? ?ontlem?n," replied Pfeil ?? It makes no difference with us, if we can not go m our own way." Thereupon the body was buried though the American intimates that (ho woman had been foully dealt with and demands the fullest invest ligation of tho matter. A Man's Hand a Hons*. ?An English pnpor, (The South Ext ern Gazelle) contains tho following A surgical operation of a very iu'tores. ing character was porformed at Fori 1 lit hospital, Chnihnm, on Monday on a soldier named Thos. Dance belong to the 12lh Lancers, who had bis nrm amputated for the second time, in oonse qence of the frightful injuries he received the Crimen n 7 * rurocioU8 l>?r?e in R?l lV .Danco w"s engaged ai Balaklava drawing water for the troops ?? occupied saw a horse with lyTowards hi"'1 *>'""?ping furious j?B?. comm?nood"(earin^liT."ol<,'l'hc,'o!r lacerating bis breast and shoulder in a otif h sULnd?tner' The P?or P?" out his band to protect the lower part of Iw?tolubi?V?fbi* ""T' "Wit. wK could bo secured, ho bit off the finger of fir m?a, and 8evcrcly injured tho houlder of the veterinary suraton of tha ^rnwenL H? was Arab steed. Dance's arm was amputated just above the wrist It5 J?nS f800n afterward sent to England.?? It was found necessary t? amputate the volunteered, having sanred as an escort chief of th Berkely, commander-in chief of the Bengal presidency. MrA^W??h!LSDR0,t0" ? RoaaiAH A? Patriot a u,,e Mon? M7B the Baltimore Jr lTlu- 1?'tar! from Dr. J. B. Stoddard thereai'aitht'A9 W-Uoh lh?l 'j,? are ?'Sh' American ?urgBona4tUch t in tfeCrima* &elf from'xF?* ^?bn?oo and him* Dbm nfT111? ; Dr?' ^ "?* De' ru .?enn8yl?ania; Dr. Hoil, of South Carolina, and Dr. Smith, ofLonjil S?h tbftt ?3r are t?ated consideration by tip officers of th! ?"u BnS3r' 53 ^at he witnessed the assault on Sebastopol, wbfcfcreanM ? taking of the souta^^T^ ? /T? two hundred thousand Rat siana(l) across the bridge fo U?e north & ?ffiff3 M u was by & Sebaatopol, the exploaion ofmnet hurrying thousands into eternity, and the sinking of a nary, eonatHntinft a too fearfully tragic to be expressed ? language. Ghah a?c AonuirtiB.?Jmimm Graham, on trial at WythvUIe, Vs.. trader an in dictment for the murder ofWm. H. 9mU er, (and whose conviction was some d?7? ? ago erroneoneonaiy reported,) wai oo Tuesday ereaig acquitted on the "aior^ ot L maanity. Dr. Striblfng and GiH *>nWnr-/1 ing in the opinion that thia was his eoadi/ I tkm. The prisoner will be sent- to tW lo* natic aaylum.