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Cooper's Clarksburg register. [volume] (Clarksburg, Va. [W. Va.]) 1851-1861, December 19, 1856, Image 2

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(be disorganiaiug, ihe vicious anil fauati-11
cal wtr? tmbuluMcd and wjoij^ifhcj
aged J- flersotf was aroused, M|hougb
?? by a fiie bell in the night." As Hon
Itiuot, wu*n making bis last stand
?gainst tbe invaders of his country,
brought out the great baunerof .thBEm
pire, so did the patriots of 1819, pmkin?
over treaties, .-.nd laws, biing out the Con
stitution oi the United Stales, and made
Buiiu vaio^ The snetihylhosts of fana
riiwXfiflyT K& WF?y ambition,
passed over the land, ftjELuQti?-tlistfe :
ffardiTifr relurtun, constitutions. treaties,
aud-llriW^ 3ll&il3 were borne away.?
And w.lien, by the wisdom of a courage.;,
oas ft"w,' the HooS'w^s'lEt'fast so 5irecte(f
as to save a small potHbfl'of lAh'd Tfqm in
undation, an butburst of thankfulness nnd
grirtitude <rtr?r#?rread the'coubtry, that all
whs not yet rtfined. *The patriotic South
Carolinian wlio so greatly distinguish
ed himself on that oCfcasion, in the excite
ment of the tnfcmeni wrote thus :
Cohgrkss HAll. March 2, 1820,)
Three oWoek at night. J
' Dear Sir :?I hasten to inform you
that this moment wk have carried the
fjueatton to admit Missouri, arid nil Lou
isiana to the southward of 36 deg. 30
tnin., free of the restriction of slavery,
and give the South, in a short tipne. an
addition of si*, perhaps eight, members
to the Senate of the United Slates. It is
considered here, hy the slaveholding
8t<tes *9 a great triumph.
With respect. your obedient servant;
'Though the honor of the country was
? bound" to ??maintain' and protect"
southern property throughout the Louisi
.ana purchase, yet so much stronger was
fanaticism thun haiionsl justice, the
South, like men persecuted by despots for
their religious opinions, were glad to find
i'e?t and q'jiet and gaiety in an allotted
province; and they rejoiced that any
thing nt" saved from the rapacity of the
oppressor who had violated their rights.
They breathed freer and deeper, inas
much as all was not lost.
Nor was the danger of the entire de
struction of the Government unreal. The
men who ruthlessly trampled under fool
the treaty stipulations of 1803 were ca
pable ol any constitutional outrage. They
leaied not God, nor regarded man. They,
as do the Black Republicans, placed the
value ol the experiment of putting the
negro upon a level with a while man.
above il e example of the Hebrews as
authorized by Jehovah, above the require
ments of treaties, above the rights of the
States, and above the sanctity of the
Constitution of their country. -.With
such, property, reason, religion, and God,
are subordinate to their individual idea of
what is the best for the children of Ham.
Were a law passed by the present Con
gress prohibiting the Roman Catholic re
ligion tn the Louisiana purchase north of
? 36 deg. 30 min., and even were the
Catholics themselves to vote for it, in or
der to prevent their expulsion from Mis
souri. as well as from the rest of the Lou
isiana territory, who at the next session,
or thirty sessions hence, that has any re
gard for the treaty of 1803, which stipu
latcd " to mnint tin and protect" the Ro
man Catholic religion, would fail to vote
for a repeal of the unjust and illegal pro
hibition ? What honest man would fail
to vbte'the re; eal of a law which viola
led a solemn stipulation ?
And so with ' property.' It has al
ways h*en a puzzle to me how intelligent
men have been able to satisfy their ' cou
sciences' that it was moral and right to
seek to expel from the ceded country
?property' which the Unred States have
agreed to ? maintain and protect' therein.
To expel the 'property' they must violate
a treaty obligation : how can a good con
science do this ? It is a puzzle.
At this point I come; very properly, to
conrider the charge against the South ol
repudiating a ? sacred compromise' of its
"tiWi procurement, and to which it was a
party. 1 refer to the Missouri compro
By the Missouri compromise act of
1820, slave property was excluded from
all that part of the Louisiana purchase
whioh lay above the line of 36 deg. 30 min.
north latitude. The act of exclusion was
in direct violation of the third article ol
the treaty ol 1803, and'theiefore was null
aud void ab initio. The inhabitant of Up
per Louisiana was not ' maintained and
protected* by this statute ' in the free en
joyment of his property,' but was assail
ed and injured by it ; for by resorting to
the Missouri compromise act, his slave
could sue for his freedom, and, before the
caso could be carried through all the
courts, and a decision had ftom the Su
preme Court annulling the statute, the
ousts of suit would. amount to more than
the value of the slave I The act, there
fore, ihough unconstitutional, practically
?nawerdJ the end of the Abolitionists and
bree-Soilers. But it was an outrage up
on the inhabitants of the ceded country.
Who can say that the outrage commit
ted by the passage of the act of exclusion,
no matter by whom the act was passed,
or by whom praised, ought not to have
been promptly redressed by Congress ?
Which act was the wisest, the one viola
ting the treaty-stipulation by excluding
properly which Congress had agreed to
? maintain and protect' against all tress
passers, or th?? one restoring to the in
habitants of^ the Louisiana purchase the
rights of which they had been wronwfiillv
ernmenis, to pr?vent ti^
either the one or the ol
?wjartrteM?oiBHiwt^w - -
slavethief to go at liberty, as it is to b
erate an unfanatical stealer of any othtfr
God and of man ; and. unless both codes
are wmntr. no honest man_cajfl s^,ajk
wrowor ilteaRngTcopceal n"r;
'shrink fro^ contlebning 1%
HdneSi rten
fAv6rMbone?l -pro^t ^_,all
kiqHs of stolen propertJ-V^hoftt discrim
ination or resbrvartoni ' T^e are 'harH
savings' only I Id1 tfose'" buky-TjMies
other-men's matteVs'Wb& ' co'a^t'.sut
rtna- up strife and contSnHon ^wbo.
whTlst claiming fjietjr arnd phtriouspi, a.^e
fomenting pasbions and crefttlog gryofli
ces which lead lo'b!ood?hvd and ctrirc6n
vulsions. They are bard sayings io'tliose
pests of sofciety. who. to'gain a ?6Vthle*?
neighborhood notoriety, endanger the
Union by mad effort t6 secure a douht
ful chance, amid the cbaos'of revolution,
tor the release ttf negro'sTaves upon south
ern plantation's. ... j
It has beferi said by men whose con
sciences" allowed them to teach others
more i^nprant than themselves, that steal
ing, under certain circumstances, was not
a crime, but a virtuous nciioh. that the
public mind has been sufficiently pervei
ted to allow ambitious politicians to fuc
ces's'ully assail treaty stipulations, and
stimulated them to struggle to exclude
the south from a common occupancy of a
common possession. Governor Seward,
of New York, has labored to still more
contuse their already gross ideas of right
and wrong in regard to the propriety of
the South; He wishes them to teach and
believe that although slaves have been
held and treated as -property' ever since
the days of Abraham, by every nation on
earth of whose history we have any ac
counts, yet slaves are uot, and cunuot be,
legally ' property.' In his speech at
Buffalo, last fall, Governor Seward says :
? Congress can establish slavery no
where. Slavery was never established
rightfully anywhere. Nor was it ever es
tablished by law.'
Governor Seward is wholly mistaken.
He has affirmed what cannot be proved.
The very contrary I have already proved.
Not only was slavery '* established by
law* in Louisiana, but it was also estab
lished by law in all the French colonies.
See edict of Louis XIII., dated April 23,
1615. His assertion, therefore, is untrue.
I have assumed that Governor Seward
meant statute, or written law. If;he
meant either common, or the civil, or the
Mosaic law, his statement is absurd.?
Every intelligent man. in every nation
knows that t-laves have been held forcen
turies by law?eiiher by the military
statute, common, civil, or by the MosiaO,
or by ecclesiastical law. Slaves have been
bought, sold, and inherited, from the ear
liest antiquity, and have been, and now
are, as tAuch regarded by the laW'4 as
'property' as any other kind whatOVel-.
" Congress can establish slavery iio~
where,'says Governor Seward. 'Nor
can it establish any other kind of proper
ty,' he might have added just as truly.?
Congress cannot * establish' property ;
of, in other words, it cannot recognize
and declare by law what is property ; but
after a State has done so, it is the duty of
the Congress to pass laws to prevent its
spoliation by foreign enemies, or by the
hand of domestic violence.
The statement of Governor Seward is
met by saying, that Congresc can ? es
tablish' property, or slavery, in cattle,
horses, or sheep, 'nowhere*?nor was it
ever established by law over these ani
mals 'anywhere.' Governor Seward can
show no congressional statute giving him
dominion even over the horse he rides.?
He owns, and holds possession of him,
and exacts his services, by virtue of the
unwritten common law ; and that com
mon law has no other forCo, in such a
case, than such as is given to it by the
statute laws of the State where he holds his
horse in bondage. Congress cannot'eslab
lisli' and regulate property rights even in
the coat Governor Seward wears upon his
back. A State can. and does, declare
and define the rights of men to all kinds
of propeity in their possession. What is
property, is declared by the States where
it is owned : and the protection of it
sgainst foreign violence, or domestic in
suriection, is the sole duty in relation to
it which has been confided to the United
States by the Constitution.
The object of Governor Seward, in try
ing to make overheated fanatic." believe
that slavery wns never "established by
law," it is difficult to conjecture, unless
we suppose he wished to augment the
number of those whose "consciences" al
low them to steal slaves. If he can make
men believe that slaves are not " proper
ty," fanatics can easily cause many of
them to take tbe next step?of aiding
slaves to escape from a supposed unlaw
ful detention. This supposition may do
Governor Seward injustice; but I think
not. It is an extraordinary doctrine^
founded on a supposition which he as an
old lawyer, must have known is false;
and he must have had an extraordinary
end in view to induce him to utter it.?
When such men condescend to state a^
facts and laW what is neither th6 One nojr
the Qther, and when masses pf people un
resistingly allow themselves to be hurled
offensively against important southern
rights and large pecuniary interests, it is
not wonderful that serious offense should
be given to our people, especially when
at every advancing Step our assailants,
tauntingly to us, and incitingly to their
miserable, fanatic followers, cry out "sou
thern aggressions' ! abuthefn aggressions T
southern aggressions !" as though on
some occasion we bad tried to interfere
with, and change, oortherb institutions,
aa they, on all occasions, have impudent*
ly labored to subvert sontbern institu
tions. -
It is claimed by the South that Con
gress has no power to legislate upon tbe
tubject of slavery anywhere, except to
iroieet it. This' is Urged aa another ob
ection by the North. But it is strictly
nd legally true notwith?tan|i^ the
nn.^U ro 1. 1 a n A Ka IttAntllB ann H PAA.NnlL
rs try
which Abolitionist* and Free-Soil
dispossessed 1
The passage of what 19 called the 'Mis
souri compromise act* was a gross tress
pass upon the legal rights of the southern
Slates. The repeal of that statute Was
bui a simple act of manifest justice to the
South, and was called for by every prin
ciple of mtnliness and honor. It is a
question of honesty, and no northern op
ponent of >>ur? has met it, or can meet it,
but by declamation and by an appeal to
?ttciiuudl pi- judices.
S ?u.heru aggression consists in a de
mnnd that n.e stipulations of the Consti
tution, aud of treaties, shall be honorably
executed, without equivocation or abate
im-nt. Haw the South asked more ??
Ought the South to ask less ? 'Ay, but
yoa require us to apprehend the panting
fugitive, nod send him back to perpetual
slavery,* say the Abolitionist#'and the
Frra-Soiler?, ' and that our conscience
will noi all i w as to do.'
Con->cience^roay be under the dominion
r>f error as well a* of truth. Conscience
allows avtrha uwu to steal and muidei ; it
wilt allow one man to steal a slave to give
urn ftevdotn ; another to steal spirit* that
the proposition differently.
jsi\ion should be slated corf
ingress has no right to legir
ubjeet of property, anywhi
g[eot it." All laws relaj
purchase, and inberUanc
|e passed only by States i
rreB^ 'j'he sole duty of Congr^
lion thereto, is to pass laws t<
?. mesa*
exercise a'power to
to please Abolitionists, ^ee^Er".
Renters, or any bodWJanat^,
sen"e,r, (JOWi ? rh'6ther tarda,'eV?Jr| mo
Uffe which region- ^cnnUty ibterest,
S ,'ogu^ed' liberty catf kuggest ? or
der to iheir self-preservation, unite in eX(
horthi" the - American people to resist all
legislative*-atiempta to exerc.se a power
to take'any Wind of property
er etcept where it is required for pub
lie u^e " and after a just compensation
has been paid therefor. Let a 1 who are
fabling to earn and save a few dollars
for their descendants beware. Let them
recollect thin, as soon as the negro ques
tion is settled, the anti-rent-the anti
landlord?question will come. ft". ^
to an must vote himsfelf a farm" will be
the rallying cry; and the platform of
Parisians, that "Government must pro
vide the laborer with work, and shops,
and bread.'1 will be the platform here.?
Then the idle and the dissolute will rule.
To escape the plunderings and the disor
ders of the times, the delivering arm of a
Bonaparte and his legions would be re
qUAsdmucli has been said touching the
int-rpretation of the KansaB-Nebraska
act?some charging the South with as
serting aggressive and unreasonable pre
tensions, and others that the act is decep
tive. in that it allows men at the North to
claim that it is the best possible to insure
the triumph of northern institutions, and
allows men at the South to claim that it
is the best possible for theirs?L propose
to examine it here. The people of Ne
braska and Kansas are allowed, by the
organic act, to pass such laws as they
please, subject only to the Constitution of
the Uniteo States. If a majority ol the
people of either of the Territories named
are opposed to establishing slavery, and
thev pass an act prohibiting the introduc
tion ol'additional slaves, many southern
statesmen believe such an act would be
unconstitutional, while many northern
statesmen think it would not be. Which
is right, and which wrong, the Supreme
Court, under the Kansas-Nebraska act,
would ilecido. This law does not takp
sides with North or South, but leaves the
question open, for the decision of the
court to which it rightly belongs If he
Constitution has given thp fight to the
South-if the treaty with'France has gi
ven the right to the South, it oUgh to
have it, and the Court will give it. It it
has no such right, the court will not give
it. So. also, it a majority of ;the people
I prefer slave institutions, they ought to
| be allowed to have them. The majority
ought to govern in all cases not prohibit
ed?by the Constitution, or by treaty. If
the Constitution, or-a treaty, has given
the South the 'right to hold slaves in Kan
sas or Nebraska, the bill allows slavehol
ders to reside there: if a majority of the
people desire slavery, then, again, the
Kansas-Nebraska bill allows it. On the
other hand, if the South has np constitu
tiortal and no treaty right to hold siave>
in either of those Territories, then, in thai
case, should a majority decide for a free
State in Kansas., additional slaves could
not be carried there. Such is a true ex
position of the Kansas-Nebraska bill.
It is thus seen, that the real rights ol
the North and of the South have been re
spected and secured?neither section has
been cheated. The Kansas-Nebraskt
law is the best possible for each, becausi
it is just and fair to both. If the Soutt
has constitutional or treaty rights, or if v
I gets a majority of the people, slavery wil
I be established: if the South has no sucl
rights, and does not obtain such majority,
then Kansas will be a free State. Thai
is the Katisa3-Nebraska bill.
Sir, for thyself, I avow the belief thai
the Supreme Court can but decide thai
the people of each State have a legal righl
to remove into any Territory of the Uni
ted States, and t ,ke with them their ino
vablt property of all kinds, and that thert
is no legal authority in existence to right
ly prevent them. . ? . t? |.0| ..
Mr. Chairman, those persons wlu
wo.ulrf teach the equality of races and ol
conditions?who would force men to dc
without what these world "reformers"
may chance to think hurtful or sinful
who would serve God by acts of violence,
and benefit men by dissolving all of the
obligations which preserve just subordi
nation and maintain wholesome law and
good order?would, if entrusted with au
thority, shipwreck both the Church and
State. , . ' . .
Revolutions cannot succeed in over
turning the rights of property, and pro
duce general disorder, under the shelter
of the Bible. A rejection oT its Author
and its teachings, is a necessity insepa
rable from riot, insubordination, a^d a
leveling of all ranks and conditions. In
the confusion <^!d Chaos would return.?
As a long step in that direction, the
Beechers Of the fove not only
trampled upon the doctritifiA of Christian
peace as unsuitable to the ends of Aboli
tionism, but have draped in their con
gregation also. THe' way of the trans
gressor is hard; alas Tot1 the Garrisons,
the Parkers, the Breohers !' This sin,
thus abetted, is likely'tb be followed by
another, and another, Jn rapid succession, (
until, probably," in a peMd'of time pain
fully short, the" Abolition 'communities
will" become as thoi-iugbly irreligidus as
was infidel France at'the close bf the last
century, when CbrUtUn sabbaths were
annulled, and the Goddess of Liberty was
substituted for the God of the^ Bible. I
see but feint rays of '1 "
from between the dark
10 heavily in the sky.
inthusiasti of these da
b. of I?>5,
bl?PW"# fl1## lBHw!? "?'i"
cious, and the ttofligate, B?eqii lityKith
ihjftj >, -w JwijKsjWflBneB "tdlfujl
^Wii^^or^ W'NapSI^n^o destroy ouiH
liberties ! May the insane efforts to
equalize all races, in subversion of the
?- ??atti.ot *jaJ
i-> 1 Mi!?u\ -I I'a. . ; I :.l t-'j ?i;.hi.
JC3F We give no editorialtthis week for
the simple reason that our entirfe ti?4n
tton has been absorbed bv financial mat
1 ?(& i i;v t .
tera. If our " patront" would pay sotne
time, we would not be driven to this hu
miliating posture. As it is, other men
jingle thousands of dollars of our riiofiey,
and we cannot raise enough to buy a
" Christmas Turkey." If those who are
owing us will multiply the amount due.
by six or eight hundred, they may arrive
at something like the amount we ought
to have, and the . embarrassment they
cause us by its retention.
For the Register.
West Milford, Dqc. 14th, 1856.
Col. Cooper : Dear Sir .-?The De
mocracy of this section of the county pro
pose that a meeting shall be held at the
Courthouse of our county on the first day
of the (next) January Term of our Coun
ty Court, for the purpose of recommend
ing a time and place of holding, and ap
pointing delegates to attend, a Convention
to nominate a Democratic candidate to
represent this Senatorial district in the
next Senate of Virginia :
And also to take into consideration, the
propriety of appointing a tim^ for holding
a Convention to nominate' Democrats
candidates to represrnt tljis c^unty.in, tue
next Virginia House,uf, Delegates, and of
appointing delegates I fir r<; to.
" The Country is ,Vq/V w/ten Democrat?
rule" ' ' '- f. :i30fJ, ?n\
A Milford Democrat.
" ' For the Register.
Col. Cooper -The Dempci;acy of the
section of the county ,in which I live,
most anxiously hope that fe. W. Patton,
Esq.. will announce himself as a cancji
date for a seat in the next,House of Dele
gates. l^e is faithful afi^J, true .and .fl?
serves the position. What say our J)?
m,Qcr^tic friends? and, what djoea, Mr.
Pulton say ?
A Harrison. Democrat.
... idMi : it-. J.i
Democratic Meeting.
At a meeting of the Democratic party,
of Up>hur county, held at the Courthouse
of mid county.
Ou motion of L. L. D. Loudin, Esq.,
Benjamin Babsell, Esq., was called to
the Chair, and utj motion of \V. VV,. Cra
ver, Esq., A. D. Woodley was appointed
Secretary- ? ' . , (j
On motion of Col. Loudin, Win. Car
per, Esq., explained th,e object ? of the
meeting which was to nppoint delegates
to tl:e Senatorial Convention to meet ip
Buckhannon, on the 3d Monday of Janu
ary, 1857.
On motion of T. Janpey, Esq., ten del
egates were appointed from the 3rd dis
trict, and it be recommended that each
of the other districts appoint the same
number. Thereupon the following gen
tlemen were appointed for the third dis
trict; Wash. Summers, James Wil|, L. L.
D. Loudin, James. Is\ Cummins, W. VV.
Craver, Beiij. Bassell.R. L. B. Heavner,
N. H. Harmer apd Senaca Norvell.
On motion of L. L. D. Loudin, the pro
ceedings of the meeting be published, in
the Clarksburg llegister, and Weston
On motion of Wm. Loudiu tho meet
ing atljourncd.
A. D. Woodley, Sect.
Tub Lancaster Bank.?Ttyq following
plan for the re-organization of thp Lancas
ter Bank, was unanimously, adopted at a
meeting of the Stockholders, held on the
13th ultimo, at Lancaster, Pa. :
" A capital of ?400,000 to be subscrib
ed in shares of $50 each, to be paid in
on the 1st of April, 1057, in the circula
tion of the bank, checks of deposits at
par, or old shares at.the rate of ?5 each.
" The old^tock not given in payment
of new, to get its proportionate share of
the old assets after,payment of debt, un
der an account kept by the bank.
" Depositors to accept certificates at 3
years, with interest payable annually.
" The prqaent holders of circulation are
desired to take certificates of deposit,
payable in eqbal installments of 1, 2 and
3 years, with interest?-the circulation
held by them to be deposited with a trus
tee as collateral.
" The bank to t?e opened as sopp as its,
liabilities are absorbed or postponed-,ua-^
der Uiis arrangement." . J
The Lancaster Express of the 13th
says :x, , I ..
. " Up to the hour of going to press
3,100 ?kai;as of ne w st-ock had been sub
scribed, and] the good work was still ,go-,
ing on when we left the bank,. We have
no doubt,that ^e , committee appointed
will secure the amount in a vary short
time, probably before the next meeting,
whiclj will ^ t,wo.weekf.
??. yy'^jn the last,jhr.ee weak*
eels of the bank ha*e absorbed $333*000
ot its circulation, leaving, after Ubduoting
$33,000 locked up in the county Bank on
good collateral. notes,d^fitroysdiifbjll
little orer $4QQ,00Q ;cjre*Ja*pn;-Trt
We have no doi^bt th^ ifi.ai; parlies do
their duty the bank will be placed on a
solid foundation,e , -
Democratic Congressioual Convention
Pursuant to previous notice, the De
cy^?f the 11th Congressional Dis
"" ginia met $y their l-?elegates id
* ?Sl tr_
y1ttti| yiMj ?tr- u
-g, WtocI County, Va., for the
f nominating a Candidate for
. aving been called to
order, H. H. Phelps, of Wood county, was
chosen temporary Chairman and Chas.
Rhoads, oTWd5(P?otlbtyr3o1jn RtSTdte-of
jftcvwMlP ****** *
.--FP- 1 urner,-of - Ja*l*$oj>, ofttfod-iths.
hich was adopted:
ittee of one from
pa<jh ynup|,T | f?pi,mni'niiwi hy lha ni>?;
egates, aritf alsotlie number of votes"-whi(Jb
each county is eniided id; l&kin'g^jftfi W
sis bfVepresenfatlbi^the vote casf ifie
last Presidential-election.'
Whereupon the President appointecLtbe
following persons as "said Committee :
Barbour, Dr. Reeves. Braxtpn,. Joel
Yancey. Cabqll, Jotjji Morris. Oalftoun,
H.H. ^6rrelf. Doddridge, M. Donahue.
Gilmer, Dr. Herndon. Harrison, Drf
Flowers., Jackson, Wm. B. MoMahon.
Kanawha, W. M. Estell. Lewis, W. E.
Arnold. Mason, W. W. Newman: rPut
nam. R. N. B: Thompson. Randolph,
Samuel Crane. - Roane, J. A. Daniels!
Tucker, Rufus Maxwell. I'pshur, Wash,
ington Summers. Wirt, E. C.Hopkins.
Wood, B. R. Pennybacker.
R. T. Harvey, of Putnam, offered the
annexed resolution, which was adopted :
Resolved, That the President appoint a
Committee composed of one person from
each county to report permanent officers
for the convention.
In accordance with which resolution, the
chairman appointed the following per
sons as said Committee.
Barbour, Dr. Reeves. Bi-axton, P. B.
Adams. Cabell, E. Rickets. CalBouh,
P. Hays. Doddridge, M. Donahue. Gil^
mer, Levi Johnson. Harrison, Byron J.
Bassail. Jackson, Robert Park. Kanaw
ha, He&ry Fry. Lewis, Q. W. Diival.
Mason, J. G. Newman. Putnam, R. T.
Harvey.. ? Randolph, Samuel Crane.
Roane, C- Hiyeley?. Tucker, R.t Max well.
Upshur, D. D. T. Farnqwprth. Wirt, R. G.
Dovener. Wood, D. R. Nea).
The Committee appointed to feeleCt per
manent officers, after a short retirement,
returned and presented the following
report on permanent officers. ?
The? Committee appointed to recom
mend permanent officers lor ibis Conven
tion, beg leave to report that they -have
met and fcgreed to recommend Drl Jes&ei
I* lowers, of the county of Harrison, .,as
Pre.-ident. and John Bundle, of Kanawha.
.Charles Klioade, of Wood, atld H. J.
T?pp, o(iLewis, as Seoretaries. . G. W.
Duval;,Cbuirman. ? , ;r !; .. . '
. On motion of: B. Wright* the motion
was received and adopted, and the Com>
milieu discharged.
The President then todk the Chair,
thanking the Convention ih aJfew appro
priate remarks fcr the honor done him,
andje*h*pr.ting .thjj,.tji.^legat$? to harmony,
forbearance and union.
The Committee ;appoioted for that pur
pose, then submitted the following.
, report ok representation.
Your Committee respectfully report
the following persons in attendance as
delegates together with the votes to
which each.9oiinty is entitled.
BarbqjjR.?Dr. Jas. E. Reeves 938.
Braxton.?Joel Yancey, P. B. Adams
260 votes.
CABBjLL.?Jobp Iklorris, E. Rickets. C,
Simmons, A, ,G. Jenkins, Isaac Ong, Da
vid Kirkpptripk, 698 votes.
CALUoujf.?,H. R; Furrell, P. Sourlorn,
Joseph Cain, Gflprge Lynch, Jr., Geo. W.
Silcott, P. Hays, 236 votes.
Doddridge.?<M. Donahue, 404 vote$.
Gilmer.?Levi Johnson, John Carrol,
L. R. \Volf, Dri E. Herndon, Jacob Leis
ter, E. T. Stout, 267 votes.
HAitKlsoii.?Jes>e Flqw'ers, W. S. Wilk
inson, H. J. Lynch, J. B. West, J W
Blair, Byron J. Babsell, E. W. P,UPD. g!
H.Ernst, Jefferson Fletcher, 1221 votes.
Jackson.?W. B. NcMaJioh, Robert
i'ark, Jqhn Millions, Miclipel Crow, W.
McCoy,,M. J. Kester. Berjarain Wright.
t^' i ^>ar'i' James Han is,
Jeptba McGee, Alexandrew Alkire, R0.
Water, T. A. Holt, Anthony Dilwortb,
John A. Coe, Miles Jacoby, James T
Leachman, George A. Crow, D. M.
Flinn, 606 rdtefe.
Kanawha?W. M. Estell. J. H. Fry
John Rundle, J. H. Brown, 658 votes.
Lewis.?Wm. E. Arnold, James Bcn>.
W-,1' ?-i[;..M?ore'a- w- Duval, James
Wilson, Elijah Fletcher, Albert A. Lewis
H. B. Monks, H.J. Tapp, 712votes.
MasoK.?W. W. Newman, A. 0
Esom, Charles E. Jones, J. G. Newman,'
561 votes.
1 Putham.?R- N. B. Thompson, R. T
Harvey, Wm. Grnss, 39G votes.
Randolph?'Samuel Crane, 441 votes
Ritchie?L. A. Phelps, ?06 votes. '
Rjane.?Jamos A. Daniel, Christo
pher -HiVeley, 312 votes.
Tucker.?Rafua Maxwell, 137 votes.
. Up?iat.u-Washington Sammera, Da
vid Bennett, D.<T. Famsworth, 534 vot?s.
Wi*t.?E. C. Hopkins, A. Enoch, R.
W.D?fener, John Ponchio, Enoch Deem
322 votes.
Woon-?B. R. Pennybaker, H.vH
Phelps, B, H.Foley, Tbomaa Chancellor'
Jamea Romine George Neal, Jr., Thome
?L- Giark?' W Cooper,
, '" Krnnard, John W. S*?odgra?s, jL
p4 D? N"!. J- Su foreman,!
Robert, Kmch^loe, Haury Page, 876
rotea. 6
The Commititea recommend U?t each
y^gaie caat a proprotioaal vote acaord
"ug.to their number and lb* number of
v^tes given at the last Preaidtnuftl
ug d?ua oin' . ; *7
JAMtt Reetw, Chairman.
On motion of; G. Jeokin?. ofiC^belW
the report was reoeiyad and adopted, v- t
I Pa motion ofjF. p. Ttwnet, of-J^kwp.
^^MTWsolwed. Uyu tJw.jBtmnitmwot
Representation be authorized tp?dd t?(Wl
Report the n a noes gf delegate* who ma>.
we*fter prewni tWwkefc ?, ^ W*
njouo^herermMte. to adjowro antUJ
o-morrow morning w**yQltiA iknm' 1
On ?ot?oii,o(J,..et(iT?rntf,!B/4mak^B:
ions of tie House oftB6k<W%d?teyiiti
floJ?r "JiW practicable, shall
?e adopted aa those governing tb.s body.
After several motians, in reference to
proceeding to ballot. <kc.,all of which
en fa et t. of Lewis,
r, Deo. 5.
mously adopted :
Resolved, thai this Convention do now
yroceeff 'tonotriinaty ~t?miitlattf'to~T?ff?
resent this District in the next Congress
of the United States.
ination, it shall require a majority of the
voles cast in the Convention.
ijjuI'J'U" nm ,
ente^t^oWPe, ^A^?^pu1
'^Ifmuel ?Crafip'.!of Randolph,
J-M. B^ne^^of^Le.wp., , * ,?t.
Joel Yaqcey^ pf ,Braxiop. ,nominate}
Samuel,L.H$y 8, of pilmer^ \ ,
\V. V?. Nttwcnan, of ,Ma^(u\,-rnon?wftMf4
.Japae? H. Brown.-p,f Kgu%wjfa,. , ,ki[
D. D..T. Farp|w?wih. ofjjpahigr, Difflj'
nated Chaales S. Lewi*, qf ^arri^oiJiso ?
, ^Pfs/e Jtowir^pf, ^rmon,
Beqjamjn, \V jUqn.^of ?? n<
rf quest of his &i$p4frib??t**i pfterf^WS
withdrawn. 1* hj a?|?nt Mil
.No more nomipatipns being Qjsde.tha
Convention proceeded Vo balloting. jwitb
following Jesuits, 1*1 b^llni?Qaweti
2419, Jackson 205, Lewis 1728, Biqwu
1686, Hays 1746. ,,\Vhplp number ,pf
votes ca&t, 9483.. ^jepesaary to a choice
4744. No nominanation.
2d ballot?Bennett: 2589, Jac.kB.on 2)54,
Lewis 1439, Brown 18JJ6, Haya.861. To
tal vote 9359. , Necessary, to la cbois^
4680. No nomination.
After the second ballot W. E. llerodon
of Gilmer, withdrew the name of Sanuvel
L. Hays, of Gilmer ffoa^i thp.Hpt p(>fi?adi
dafes fqr the nomipatipn. ,
.The Convention then rs*Ut?e4::baUpt
ing with the following, results, 3d, ballpt
Bennett 2786, Brown 2509, Jackson 2229.
Le^is 1972. Whole voLe cast 9490,: N?
cessary to a choice 4746. No nomination.
4th ballot?Bennett 2673, Brown 2372,
Jackson.2356, Lewis 19.57; Whole vote
(3458. Neeessary to a choice 4730., N,o
5th ballot?-Bennett 2729, JjicJispn
2307, Brown 2362, .Lewipi,,27.69
vote cas? 9468. ;Necsssary to a qhoice
4135. ^p nptpjlhftiip.nvv,j, ..
. Ou motion the Convention adjourned
I for dinner.
Afternoon Sesjxok.
At half-past one o'clock the Conven
tion was again called to order by the
President, and the balloting was resptqed.
6th I allot?Bennet 3105, Jackson
2647,Lewis 1910,Brown 1809. No choice.
7th ballot?Bennett 2673, Jackson.
2620, Brown 1.9.48,Lewis 1697,Crane 1S7
No ch,pice.' A
8th ballot?Bennett 2976, Jackson
2567, Brown 2430, Lewis 2009, Crane
2 01. No choice. .
After the!8th' ballot Dr. Herndon, of
Gilmer, renominated Samuel L. Hiys of
Gilmer, and the Convention proceeded to
balloting; ' ?' 1 I <*' !v.a<
? 9lh ballot?Hays 2447,' Benncitt1 2230<
[Jackson 2H5, Brown 2040j Lewis S98.
No ohoioe.'-> - 1 ? ? . /U.?!
k 10th ballot?Bennett, 2409, JacksonJ
2181, Brown 1910,' 'Hays 1644, L#?ris
1333. - -
, After the lOtb ballot tbe naue of 0haa.
|S. Lewis as a candid tut1 was withdrawn.
Li On motion'of George of Jftolrein,
it was resolved tlint alter each ballot the
name of the candidate reeeiving the
smallest nuinber of rote?> should>b? drop
lipedl gaol* ?' ?i ??? f nu bwn?rf*wa . ?:w
The Convention then again prodded
to balloting. v"
i Hh ballot? Bennett 2979, Jackson
2447, Hays 2153,Brown 20t0: No'choice.
lfiih b'aMot?Hays-3962, Bennett 3099,
Jackson 2379. No chpice.
After the 12.h ballot, f.' P. Turner of
Jackson, nominated A. G. Jenkins of Ca
bell county.
Mr. Fletcher of Harrison county, nom
inated Robert Johhson, of Harrison coun
l7 ?
Jesse Flowers, of Harrison, nominated
Samael Crane of Randolph, but at the
urgent request of Mr. Crane, afterwards;
witbdVeW his name.
The Convention ngain proceeded to bal- j
13th ballot-Beto'nett 34,09 Jenkins 3013,
Hays 1751, Johnston 893. No choice.
14tll ballot?Bennett 3452, Jenkins,
3237, Hays ^785. No choice.
Afterthe 14th ballot D.D. T. Farnsworth
of Upshur re-nominated Charles S. Lewis
of Harrison.
The Convention again proceeded to bal
lS'.h ballpt?Jenkins 3143, Lewis 3063,
Bennett 296*7, No cnoice.
VPV IS iKan'orflr
SArcaDir, ucc. of.ii, iow.
. At 9 o'clock the President called the
Convention to order.
RobeVt'Park of Jackson mpyed that a
Sergeant^at-Arms be selected to preseffe
order. . , '? ?
The Convention faring voted to sp
point a Se/geant-'ai-Arms.
. On wo'.ionorH. H. Pliejps .of Wppd.
Oeo^g^ A. Crefel'Waa s^Medt^ffa t$
ofic?, and forthwith eqtered upon'tbe dis
eb^e ofVdpt?rf8./1 :!v^r?7 ,oi
M. Donahue of 'fjcKldri^ge r'e-nomina
t?d J. M,. Bennet of Westpn- i -cjt
i$i*;ie'umed ba,,ot
16th ballot-^Jen It'ns 4300, Rennet
333(3. Le*wfs:2S43?#hole ^6te cmat 99*82
?'necessary to a-'rtdftfr^SWS^no nomi
Wt5(tt.'! ' q" DDI />di ' 3
Af^er the l^h 1nit\St:
Braxton re^flominated Wmt|e!^Hiy? of
Gilmer. .^.aiTr*' ?"!? , J L^3c- . asd
J. ,G. NewmaiTof TIsJon Ubminsttd^A.
dTW&6M fi&. ^ Tf3
nated Robert Johnston .
The Convention
17vb ballot?Jl_
Jl 21, Hays 3023,
K- Arnold of Le-wn 'b|J}
drew the dido of J. M. Bennett of Levi*
as a candidate.
W. S. Wilkinson of Harrison re-nomi
nated Charles S. Lewi, of Harrison.
The Convention then reium ed SpMot>
Jenkins 3932, Lewis 2867,
do choice.
rson H. Phelps of Wood placed
the name of Wm. L. Jackson of Wood in
In nomination, (MM M???*irew it immedi
?tela.jwoa ?t *>?w?o I'wtwo
eiftoaifafftd jnlgilWfarifOa ?MHv>#w
^ ? . ovik
lVrf 1^1 U Jflil WW
Mmm ya+frj}, ^ jjjg
Accordingly H. H. Phelps of Wood
of WUipdtrff itrn?<fi.l?t.i ,t
v A< 'G. 'JehWm of Cabell w*? tbeo an.
bounced "the" noHoih'ee of 'ttff
by.-default, thereibeing no competition i0
nomination against
rimmw wiwww,,
of his nomination in this manner, Mr. Jen.
?khw inwami dwdtumuwfehwu' t"naw.
nation in
f. Wheroupon FJ Pj'Turner of Jachuoa
moved thai A.>Gk Jeniins of - Cabell be
declared the nominee df chit Conf^ntisn
by ?ooi*mariout*'l - *? <y? mkj bmm ,*ttlit
ii The motidn bdrtg'fJOr #*i oMfled with
but one ttisseotitilf oote-wbidh -*r?6 after
wards withdrawn and 4A)tf?rr O. Jenkins
of CabellUsobrny declared Ybk) unanimous
notmiiwe ftf ?***' ?w)
it.OTvmotiori'of'lr A; Phelps of^Ritchie
the Presidedt'or(h'e:0dpv^nUbn^p|>oitft*d
a Committee of one from'oabh oounty in
the Distriot whoae duty it shall bo to se
lect the time and plaice 1 for holding the
next Congressional Convention.
Oh motion of F. P. Turner of JtokVbn
a vote oT thanks, wki pttlfeil* tbO*>A8Wfe
of tlie Convention for the manner in'whiah
they (fad discharged thd duties assigned
to them.
On rnbtion of J. O. Newman. H wt<s '?
Jtotolved, That the jirbeeeding# of this
Convention be pubHshsid-' in the" Demo
cratic papers of the Distriot, and in' the
Richmond Enquirer and Examiner.' ?*<?
After some time spent by varlodi del
egates in pledging thAir various Counties
for the nominee byincredsed'-taaajoritiMi*
On motion of John Rundle the Convfeo"
?lion adjourned sine d>e.
H. J. Tapp, ? "A < ? ?
Johf RoNitn;' t Stcitlariu.
Charles RHOA-Dfc, ) ^
* ?? (?'"??? *<ei> ?.}'**
Circular's nr Matv?We ire ..
ed('says the>W?sWfcgt&n .Unldti)"
attention fo' thfe follSwing regula
the Postf>Wc-e' Daparfh5ii,*>'>"4- ?*'*"
"TheilTw fitih^tH ' "
tioh al^?0;;pr^
or assistant postmafti
for any lottery offices, or under ?ny oblor
of'purcWfsB, oY dfKferwise. Vind1 lottery
tickets and that no postmaster shall rt
texve free of postage or front lottery
schema; tfrtWttf or ""HieVe
fore, islltyich lottery schemes. circnUrs,
Oi' tibkets Addressed either'tp a postmas
ter or asMktanf^osfrriastVr, mtm^heretf
ter be excluded fj-pm thb riiail, fcyWUr
tctih all other trtinitent maiter of thit iind
ddafttttd timply !q m #( 6? ' fkJjr" ?? an
office, 'mid "btif to dtfjf inmvidupt.** , .
most o^enaiye character, are farced nfitm
IbdiVldoals by'1 being addressed to the
number of th? 'box' .or bo^es. tbey,'taty
hapftri t6 hold irf 'atfV bitt&iBa&f and
that if is the ordW 'W (hi'FdkttekiWr
General to send all maiter thpl addW^^
ed (if it finds its way into th* mails) to
thedenfl'leUe^ bfffBe.-' ' 1 .
Sometiiio IS Hie Linx.?A. &o?sd{pcti
ticinn was recently caught by ? friend mi
the act of perusing the scriptures^ Upoa
asking him what particular portion of.tb*
good book ho had (elected for examma
tion. he replied : "I am reading the fi?ry
about the 'loavea iu>d fisb?s.y
t3T Beware of counterfeit*!
Circular of Prices la tbe Raltlan*.
For Itu ttrek ending December 16, ^56.
XKrosrcD ?r
66 South Slreat Bowly'a whs/f.
A rri.wM?la good demand 8fAf at 03 4*.
J 4.00 per bbi.
/tirrrr*?.We qaote
tWeteru at l4<o| 161 Cimmon roll )UcdH
i;ii?ie? . ,ia J G?*d , " i" <49*
Hr?w*x.?Sidles ut 26 rte.
nnaw*x.?Sale* ut' 26 eta.
nicon.-^-Leea aStirtty In Ule aiaWtf), atufprtr-is
iaaopNgjiirfiita 0t . ' Z
IhrllkUfi -
t '?owrm?-8aa?s--8ale? ?? >}" -/? ' "d
-Ub% off?rU>e f__. ,*?*
1 Pit
Z5 m?4
. Oahi?"'!l
b?'AnaU aad maMtattfWH-.
iOti\ Vett*w
loll mark
I'jjarsasxso -rSalea at 2. (gJ ^V.i^
>?.xi Faurr. Salaa oftajp^aSfl
- 11 ?l-i? MtlMam 11
?.. ..
ioward st. at oriU?-fcCt. >n - v
u * A *g
?alAf< at *
Kluikrai B to 10 Miiki 62 U 7$ %
'oro St gny (mh 45 U3Q 0?Ur. $1 t# $3
'Sb a?
a kw?;> ilafi O r?91?"?
ml iflallnairf^%?Wisn Mtwiaa
'I'AHUn^-at II -
1.40 to l.SO.

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